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Internal Medicine Journals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161267/sugar-industry-sponsorship-of-germ-free-rodent-studies-linking-sucrose-to-hyperlipidemia-and-cancer-an-historical-analysis-of-internal-documents
#1
Cristin E Kearns, Dorie Apollonio, Stanton A Glantz
In 1965, the Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) secretly funded a review in the New England Journal of Medicine that discounted evidence linking sucrose consumption to blood lipid levels and hence coronary heart disease (CHD). SRF subsequently funded animal research to evaluate sucrose's CHD risks. The objective of this study was to examine the planning, funding, and internal evaluation of an SRF-funded research project titled "Project 259: Dietary Carbohydrate and Blood Lipids in Germ-Free Rats," led by Dr. W...
November 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147942/randomized-controlled-trials-of-simulation-based-interventions-in-emergency-medicine-a-methodological-review
#2
REVIEW
Anthony Chauvin, Jennifer Truchot, Aida Bafeta, Dominique Pateron, Patrick Plaisance, Youri Yordanov
The number of trials assessing Simulation-Based Medical Education (SBME) interventions has rapidly expanded. Many studies show that potential flaws in design, conduct and reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) can bias their results. We conducted a methodological review of RCTs assessing a SBME in Emergency Medicine (EM) and examined their methodological characteristics. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for RCT that assessed a simulation intervention in EM, published in 6 general and internal medicine and in the top 10 EM journals...
November 16, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138917/level-of-evidence-and-authorship-trends-of-clinical-studies-in-knee-surgery-sports-traumatology-arthroscopy-1995-2015
#3
Ryan P Judy, Jason J Shin, Christopher McCrum, Olufemi R Ayeni, Kristian Samuelsson, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE: There is increasing emphasis on publication quality and internationalization of author groups in orthopaedic literature. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the type of studies and the level of evidence (LOE) published in knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy (KSSTA) from 1995 to 2015. The secondary aim was to analyze trends in authorship characteristics in KSSTA. METHODS: Two reviewers reviewed the table of contents of KSSTA and identified original papers from 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#4
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124376/an-alternative-rhinoplasty-technique-rotational-spreader-flap-rabbit-flap
#5
Ali Ahmet Sirin, Ibrahim Erdim, Omer Erdur, Alperen Sirin
BACKGROUND: In modern rhinoplasty, septal cartilage is the most commonly used graft material. It is a big challenge if septal cartilage is insufficient. We present an alternative technique named the "rabbit flap," created from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage to show its effectiveness on nasolabial angle, nasal axis deviation, and nasal dorsal line. METHODS: An alternative flap, called a "rabbit flap," is constituted from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage (LLC)...
November 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121891/conference-presentation-to-publication-a-retrospective-study-evaluating-quality-of-abstracts-and-journal-articles-in-medical-education-research
#6
Christopher R Stephenson, Brianna E Vaa, Amy T Wang, Darrell R Schroeder, Thomas J Beckman, Darcy A Reed, Adam P Sawatsky
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence regarding the comparative quality of abstracts and articles in medical education research. The Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI), which was developed to evaluate the quality of reporting in medical education, has strong validity evidence for content, internal structure, and relationships to other variables. We used the MERSQI to compare the quality of reporting for conference abstracts, journal abstracts, and published articles...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111001/the-professional-practice-and-training-of-neurology-in-the-asian-and-oceanian-region-a-cross-sectional-survey-by-the-asian-and-oceanian-association-of-neurology-aoan
#7
Artemio Roxas, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Natan Bornstein, Richard Macdonell, Kheng Seang Lim, Ping-Wing Ng, Shuren Dashzeveg, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Hamed Esmatullah, Shey Lin Wu, Christopher Chen, Mohammad Kurniawan, Joung-Ho Rha, Mohammad Wasay, Niphon Poungvarin, Saman Gunatilake, Nguyen Huy Thang
OBJECTIVE: To survey AOAN member countries regarding their organizational structure, postgraduate neurology training program, and resources for neurological care provision. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey using a 36-item questionnaire was conducted among country representatives to AOAN from August 2015 to August 2016. RESULTS: A total of 18/20 AOAN member countries participated in the survey. All the countries have organized association with regular meetings, election of officers and neurology training program...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075029/radiographic-prediction-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-in-third-molar-surgery
#8
Sergio Uribe
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, relevant dental journals, reference lists of included studies and the World Health Organisation International Clinical Trials Registry.Study selectionStudies evaluating the predictive accuracy of panoramic radiography for postoperative inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury reporting on at least one of the seven signs of IAN injury and providing data to calculate false-positive (FP), true-positive (TP), false-negative (FN) and true-negative (TN) proportions were included.Data extraction and synthesisData were abstracted independently by two reviewers...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072006/-rule-of-clinical-application-of-auricular-acupuncture-based-on-data-mining
#9
Na Bao, Qiong Wang, Yan-Hui Sun, Jing Shi, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Hai-Jiao Xing, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Zhu Du, Jun-Lei Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Xin-Xin Feng, Chun-Sheng Jia, Jian-Ling Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the rule of clinical application of auricular acupuncture therapy by data mining in order to guide clinical practice. METHODS: The data base about single auricular acupuncture therapy for different clinical diseases was established by collection, sorting, screening, recording, collation, data extraction, statistic analysis on data samples from journals, academic theses dissertations published in near 60 years. The application rules of auricular therapy including its predominant diseases, stimulus modality, therapeutic effect, and angle of needling were summarized by data mining technique...
February 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068694/adherence-to-consort-items-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-integrative-medicine-for-colorectal-cancer-published-in-chinese-journals
#10
Menghua Chen, Jing Cui, Anthony L Zhang, Daniel Man-Yuen Sze, Charlie C Xue, Brian H May
BACKGROUND: The majority of studies of integrative treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC) have been published in Chinese journals. These studies indicate potential benefits, but concerns have been raised over the quality of trials published in Chinese journals. The CONSORT statement provides a guide for study reporting that has been endorsed by more than 400 international journals. Previous studies have used the CONSORT checklist to assess the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061634/association-between-statistical-significance-and-time-to-publication-among-systematic-reviews-a-study-protocol-for-a-meta-epidemiological-investigation
#11
Yasushi Tsujimoto, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Yuki Kataoka, Hiraku Tsujimoto, Yosuke Yamamoto, Davide Papola, Gordon H Guyatt, Shunichi Fukuhara, Toshi A Furukawa
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have indicated the impact of bias in dissemination and publication in medical research. Existence of such bias among clinical trials has been repeatedly pointed out, but it has not been well studied in the field of systematic reviews (SRs). We therefore aim to investigate whether or not time lag bias and publication bias in SRs based on statistical significance in results exist. In addition, we will examine at what stage of paper publication process such bias, if any, creeps in...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059660/legal-restraints-of-pesticide-effect-on-human-organism-and-environment-under-international-legislation
#12
Vitalii Pashkov, Olena Batyhina, Maryna Trotska
INTRODUCTION: Human health depends on many factors: a level of medicine, quality of medical preparations, state of the environment, food safety, lifestyle and others. Phytosanitary products including pesticides used by farmers to kill, control reproduction and prevent animal, microbial or plant pests in the cultivation of agricultural products, which are the basis of human food, are one of the factors that may have an unfavourable effect on human health. AIM: To analyze provisions of international legislation for presence of effective means to prevent a negative pesticide effect on human health and the environment...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055811/access-to-treatment-with-controlled-medicines-rationale-and-recommendations-for-neutral-precise-and-respectful-language
#13
REVIEW
W Scholten, O Simon, I Maremmani, C Wells, J F Kelly, R Hämmig, L Radbruch
The European Pain Federation EFIC, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care, International Doctors for Healthier Drug Policies, the Swiss Romandy College for Addiction Medicine, the Swiss Society of Addiction Medicine, and the World Federation for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence called on medical journals to ensure that authors always use terminology that is neutral, precise, and respectful in relation to the use of psychoactive substances. It has been shown that language can propagate stigma, and that stigma can prevent people from seeking help and influence the effectiveness of social and public-health policies...
October 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032820/methodological-quality-assessment-of-meta-analyses-in-endodontics
#14
REVIEW
Sereen Kattan, Su-Min Lee, Meetu R Kohli, Frank C Setzer, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this review were to assess the methodological quality of published meta-analyses related to endodontics using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool and to provide a follow-up to previously published reviews. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for eligible studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria: Embase via Ovid, The Cochrane Library, and Scopus. The electronic search was amended by a hand search of 6 dental journals (International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Australian Endodontic Journal; Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology; Endodontics and Dental Traumatology; and Journal of Dental Research)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025838/association-between-childhood-allergic-diseases-educational-attainment-and-occupational-status-in-later-life-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Laura Beate von Kobyletzki, Linda Beckman, Liam Smeeth, Martin McKee, Jennifer K Quint, Katrina Abuabara, Sinead Langan
INTRODUCTION: Childhood allergic diseases may prevent affected children from achieving their academic potential. Potential mechanisms include absence from school due to illness and medical appointments. Experience of symptoms in classes or leisure time, and stigma associated with visible signs and symptoms, including skin disease, requirements for medication during school time or the need for specific diets, may also contribute to reduced educational attainment. Studies have investigated the association between specific allergic diseases and educational attainment...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020562/a-question-of-social-justice-how-policies-of-profit-negate-engagement-of-developing-world-bioethicists-and-undermine-global-bioethics
#16
Subrata Chattopadhyay, Catherine Myser, Tiffany Moxham, Raymond De Vries
We identify the ways the policies of leading international bioethics journals limit the participation of researchers working in the resource-constrained settings of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the development of the field of bioethics. Lack of access to essential scholarly resources makes it extremely difficult, if not impossible, for many LMIC bioethicists to learn from, meaningfully engage in, and further contribute to the global bioethics discourse. Underrepresentation of LMIC perspectives in leading journals sustains the hegemony of Western bioethics, limits the presentation of diverse moral visions of life, health, and medicine, and undermines aspirations to create a truly "global" bioethics...
October 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020520/teaching-and-learning-in-medicine-an-international-journal-volume-29-2017
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019799/to-see-the-suffering
#18
Rita Charon
The author notes the impressive growth in medical humanities programs, scholarly journals, textbooks, and national and international conferences as well as the convening of two recent national forums or boards addressing the potential of the humanities and the arts to improve medical practice. She also notes that the field of medical humanities seems to have shifted from addressing topics on the margins of medical education to equipping students with the foundational skills required for effective doctoring...
October 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#19
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988181/search-for-unpublished-data-by-systematic-reviewers-an-audit
#20
Hedyeh Ziai, Rujun Zhang, An-Wen Chan, Nav Persaud
OBJECTIVES: We audited a selection of systematic reviews published in 2013 and reported on the proportion of reviews that researched for unpublished data, included unpublished data in analysis and assessed for publication bias. DESIGN: Audit of systematic reviews. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2013 for the following journals: Journal of the American Medical Association, The British Medical Journal, Lancet, Annals of Internal Medicine and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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