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mean circulatory filling pressure

Riccardo Toninato, Silvia Scuri, Vincenzo Tarzia, Gino Gerosa, Francesca M Susin
PURPOSE: The gold standard therapy for patients with advanced heart failure is heart transplant. The gap between donors and patients in waiting lists promoted the development of circulatory support devices, such as the total artificial heart (TAH). Focusing on in vitro tests performed with CardioWest™ TAH (CW) driven by the SynCardia Freedom® portable driver (FD) the present study goals are: i) prove the reliability of a hydraulic circuit used as patient simulator to replicate a quasi-physiological scenario for various hydrodynamic conditions, ii) investigate the hydrodynamic performance of the CW FD, iii) help clinicians in possible interpretation of clinical cases outcomes...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Sanne Enok, Gabriella S P C Leite, Cléo A C Leite, Hans Gesser, Michael S Hedrick, Tobias Wang
To accommodate the pronounced metabolic response to digestion, pythons increase heart rate and elevate stroke volume, where the latter has been ascribed to a massive and fast cardiac hypertrophy. However, numerous recent studies show that heart mass rarely increases, even upon ingestion of large meals, and we therefore explored the possibility that a rise in mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP) serves to elevate venous pressure and cardiac filling during digestion. To this end, we measured blood flows and pressures in anaesthetized Python regius The anaesthetized snakes exhibited the archetypal tachycardia as well as a rise in both venous pressure and MCFP that fully account for the approximate doubling of stroke volume...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
Kenji Shigemi
To maintain proper cardiac preload is one of the most effective procedures for the systemic circulation remaining stable. In particular, the balance between vascular capacity and total blood volume must be maintained within appropriate range by the administration of fluids, blood and/or vasoactive drugs with mean circulatory filling pressure (Pmcf), central venous pressure (CVP) or stroke volume variation (SVV). End-diastolic left ventricular volume (Ved) is theoretically the best index of cardiac preload; however, without transesophageal echocardbalanceiogram we cannot directly monitor Ved during anesthesia...
May 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Hollmann D Aya, Andrea Carsetti, Simone Bazurro, Davide Bastoni, Manu L N G Malbrain, Maurizio Cecconi
Shock is defined as a state in which the circulation is unable to deliver sufficient oxygen to meet the demands of the tissues, resulting in cellular dysoxia and organ failure. In this process, the factors that govern the circulation at a haemodynamic level and oxygen delivery at a microcirculatory level play a major role. This manuscript aims to review the blood flow regulation from macro- and micro-haemodynamic point of view and to discuss new potential therapeutic approaches for cardiovascular instability in patients in cardiovascular shock...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Barbara McLean
In critically ill patients with circulatory shock, the role of the left ventricle has long been appreciated and the object of measurement and therapeutic targeting. The right ventricle is often under appreciated and dysfunction may be overlooked. Generally, the right ventricle operates passively to support the ejection of the left ventricular diastolic volume. A loss of right ventricular wall compliance secondary to pulmonary pressures may result in an alteration in the normal pressure-volume relationship, ultimately affecting the stroke volume and cardiac output...
December 2015: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Heidi Reich, Danny Ramzy, Lawrence Czer, Fardad Esmailian, Jaime Moriguchi, Kai Ihnken, Taizoon Yusufali, Nicola D'Attellis, Francisco Arabia, Alagappan Annamalai
BACKGROUND: Technologic advances and superior survival with mechanical circulatory support (MCS) have led to an expanding population that develops intraabdominal conditions requiring intervention. Whether laparoscopy can be performed without detrimental effects on hemodynamics and device function is not well described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Effects of laparoscopy performed on MCS were retrospectively assessed. Intraoperative hemodynamics and device function were compared with the same time interval 24 hours prior to surgery using intrapatient paired t tests...
December 2015: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Julia Laudien, Christoph Groß-Heitfeld, Christian Mayer, Herbert de Groot, Michael Kirsch, Katja B Ferenz
With regard to the development of artificial blood substitutes, perfluorodecalin-filled poly(n-butyl-cyanoacrylate) nanocapsules are already discussed for the use as artificial oxygen carriers. The aim of the present study was to thoroughly investigate the preclinical safety and biocompatibility of the perfluorodecalin-filled poly(n-butyl-cyanoacrylate) nanocapsules prepared by interfacial polymerization. Nanocapsules were assessed for physical and microbial stability. Subsequent to intravenous infusion to anesthetized rats, effects on systemic parameters, microcirculation, circulatory in vivo half-life, acid base/metabolic status, organ damage and biodistribution were evaluated using inter alia 19F-NMR spectroscopy and in vivo microscopy...
August 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Timothy M Crozier, Euan M Wallace, W Geoffrey Parkin
OBJECTIVES: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy continue to be amongst the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. There is debate about the optimal monitoring and treatment for these women, particularly in regard to circulatory and fluid management. A restrictive fluid strategy is advocated, which conflicts with the prevailing view that the circulating volume is contracted in pre-eclampsia. This belief has been erroneously reinforced by use of the central venous pressure (CVP) as a measure of the volume state...
April 2015: Pregnancy Hypertension
Sheldon Magder, Dimitrios G Parthenis, Imad Al Ghouleh
Sepsis is associated with an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS), however, the precise role of ROS in the septic process remains unknown. We hypothesized that treatment with EUK-134 (manganese-3-methoxy N,N'-bis(salicyclidene)ethylene-diamine chloride), a compound with superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, attenuates the vascular manifestations of sepsis in vivo. Pigs were instrumented to measure cardiac output and blood flow in renal, superior mesenteric and femoral arteries, and portal vein. Animals were treated with saline (control), lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 µg·kg-1·h-1), EUK-134, or EUK-134 plus LPS...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sushma Reddy, Alan Fung, Cedric Manlhiot, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney, Wendy K Chung, Elizabeth Blume, Beth D Kaufman, Elizabeth Goldmuntz, Steven Colan, Seema Mital
BACKGROUND: Adrenergic receptor (ADR) genotypes are associated with heart failure (HF) and β-blocker response in adults. We assessed the influence of ADR genotypes in children with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: Ninety-one children with advanced DCM and 44 with stable DCM were genotyped for three ADR genotypes associated with HF risk in adults: α2cdel322-325, β1Arg389, and β2Arg16. Data were analyzed by genotype and β-blocker use. Mean age at enrollment was 8...
February 2015: Pediatric Research
Einly Lim, Robert Francis Salamonsen, Mahdi Mansouri, Nicholas Gaddum, David Glen Mason, Daniel L Timms, Michael Charles Stevens, John Fraser, Rini Akmeliawati, Nigel Hamilton Lovell
The present study investigates the response of implantable rotary blood pump (IRBP)-assisted patients to exercise and head-up tilt (HUT), as well as the effect of alterations in the model parameter values on this response, using validated numerical models. Furthermore, we comparatively evaluate the performance of a number of previously proposed physiologically responsive controllers, including constant speed, constant flow pulsatility index (PI), constant average pressure difference between the aorta and the left atrium, constant average differential pump pressure, constant ratio between mean pump flow and pump flow pulsatility (ratioP I or linear Starling-like control), as well as constant left atrial pressure ( P l a ¯ ) control, with regard to their ability to increase cardiac output during exercise while maintaining circulatory stability upon HUT...
February 2015: Artificial Organs
Joanne Y T Leung, Catherine C Y Pang, Ric M Procyshyn, Alasdair M Barr
Treatment with antipsychotics is associated with adverse cardiovascular effects such as orthostatic hypotension and arrhythmias. Despite the higher prevalence of cardiovascular complications in patients with schizophrenia, the effects of antipsychotic drugs on vascular tone and cardiac contractility have received little attention. In order to better understand the cardiovascular effects of antipsychotic drugs, we investigated if the atypical antipsychotic olanzapine alters in vivo cardiovascular function in rats...
September 2014: Vascular Pharmacology
Joanne Y T Leung, Catherine C Y Pang
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been found to be activated in diabetes. We investigated whether nimesulide (selective COX-2 inhibitor) alters cardiovascular responses to adrenaline in 2 rat models of diabetes. Wistar rats (5-week old) were continuously fed a normal or high-fructose diet (60% of caloric intake). At week 2, half of the rats in each diet regimen were given streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg, intravenously). At week 6, cardiovascular effects of adrenaline (6 and 16 × 10 mol·kg·min, intravenously) were measured in 4 groups of thiobutabarbital-anesthetized rats (control, fructose, STZ, and fructose-streptozotocin [F-STZ]) before and after the injection of nimesulide (3 mg/kg, intravenously)...
July 2014: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Michael O Murphy, Andrew C Glatz, David J Goldberg, Lindsay S Rogers, Chitra Ravishankar, Susan C Nicolson, James M Steven, Stephanie Fuller, Thomas L Spray, J William Gaynor
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the incidence and outcomes of early Fontan failure (EFF) in a large contemporary cohort of palliated patients. METHODS: A retrospective, single-centre study of all patients undergoing primary Fontan from 1 July 1995 to 31 December 2009 was performed. EFF was defined as death, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), Fontan takedown to superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) or transplantation within 30 days of the Fontan procedure...
September 2014: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Grith Lssrkholm Hansen, Peter Kristian Kofoed, Inger Christine Munch, Henrik Sillesen, Leif Panduro Jensen, Helle K Iversen, Michael Larsen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the use of quantitative fluorescein angiographic analysis as a means of estimating rates of perfusion of the retina in eyes with a circulatory deficit secondary to carotid artery stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 21 eyes with ocular ischaemic syndrome (OIS) and 20 control eyes from subjects with carotid artery stenosis but without signs of ocular ischaemia. Analyses of video fluorescein angiograms extracting time intervals for the time delay between specific phases of the angiogram were performed...
October 2013: Danish Medical Journal
J T Sohn, S Hoka, K Yamaura, S Takahashi
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of nicardipine and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on vascular capacitance in the rat. In ten rats anesthetized with pentobarbital, mean arterial pressure was lowered to about 70 mmHg and subsequently 50 mmHg by intravenous infusion of nicardipine or SNP. Vascular capacitance was assessed before and during nicardipine- or SNP-induced hypotension by measuring the mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP). MCFP was measured during a brief period of circulatory arrest produced by inflating a balloon inserted in the right atrium...
September 1996: Journal of Anesthesia
Monika Tokarik, Folke Sjöberg, Martin Balik, Igor Pafcuga, Ludomir Broz
This pilot trial aims at gaining support for the optimization of acute burn resuscitation through noninvasive continuous real-time hemodynamic monitoring using arterial pulse contour analysis. A group of 21 burned patients meeting preliminary criteria (age range 18-75 years with second- third- degree burns and TBSA ≥10-75%) was randomized during 2010. A hemodynamic monitoring through lithium dilution cardiac output was used in 10 randomized patients (LiDCO group), whereas those without LiDCO monitoring were defined as the control group...
September 2013: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
T S Hogan
Pulseless electrical activity occurs when organised or semi-organised electrical activity of the heart persists but the product of systemic vascular resistance and the increase in systemic arterial flow generated by the ejection of the left venticular stroke volume is not sufficient to produce a clinically detectable pulse. Pulseless electrical activity encompasses a very heterogeneous variety of severe circulatory shock states ranging in severity from pseudo-cardiac arrest to effective cardiac arrest. Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation for pulseless electrical activity are generally poor...
October 2012: Medical Hypotheses
Ruslan Tiniakov, Kalipada Pahan, Karie E Scrogin
Administration of the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, 8-OH-DPAT, improves cardiovascular hemodynamics and tissue oxygenation in conscious rats subjected to hypovolemic shock. This effect is mediated by sympathetic-dependent increases in venous tone. To determine the role of splanchnic nerves in this response, effects of 8-OH-DPAT (30 nmol/kg iv) were measured following fixed-arterial blood pressure hemorrhagic shock (i.e., maintenance of 50 mmHg arterial pressure for 25 min) in rats subjected to bilateral splanchnic nerve denervation (SD)...
September 1, 2012: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Jacinta J Maas, Michael R Pinsky, Bart F Geerts, Rob B de Wilde, Jos R Jansen
PURPOSE: To assess the level of agreement between different bedside estimates of effective circulating blood volume-mean systemic filling pressure (Pmsf), arm equilibrium pressure (Parm) and model analog (Pmsa)-in ICU patients. METHODS: Eleven mechanically ventilated postoperative cardiac surgery patients were studied. Sequential measures were made in the supine position, rotating the bed to a 30° head-up tilt and after fluid loading (500 ml colloid). During each condition four inspiratory hold maneuvers were done to determine Pmsf; arm stop-flow was created by inflating a cuff around the upper arm for 30 s to measure Parm, and Pmsa was estimated from a Guytonian model of the systemic circulation...
September 2012: Intensive Care Medicine
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