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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642833/-management-and-treatment-difficulties-of-multi-drug-resistant-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-a-pediatric-case
#1
Selda Hançerli Törün, Emine Manolya Acar, Ayper Somer, Gonca Erköse, Dilek Şatana, Zuhal Bayramoğlu, Emine Çalışkan, Zeki Kılıçaslan
Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem worldwide. Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) infection that occurs in childhood is caused by adult MDR-TB agents which are in circulation and resistant to primary drugs. In this case report a 17-month-old child with MDR-TB who was cured after a 24-month therapy regimen was presented. Physical examination of a 17-month-old girl admitted to the hospital with the cause of recurrent pneumonia revealed a rubbery lymphadenopathy less than 2 cm in the right upper cervical region...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615001/epstein-barr-virus-positive-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-with-novel-variants-in-stat5b-of-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#2
Zihang Chen, Limin Gao, Mi Wang, Yuan Tang, Sha Zhao, Weiping Liu
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus positive peripheral T cell lymphoma (EBV + PTCL) is a rare type of lymphoproliferative disorder which is always present in late adulthood. However, pediatric EBV + PTCL is extremely rare and always present with lymphadenopathy. Additionally, gene detection was not performed in all of these pediatric patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We report an EBV + PTCL in a 9-year-old child with initial symptom of subcutaneous masses without lymph node involvement...
April 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563737/a-rare-presentation-of-synovial-sarcoma-as-cervical-lymphadenopathy-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#3
Ashutosh Gupta, Gunjan Agrawal, Vivek Chaudhary, Heena Mazhar, Santanu Tiwari
Synovial sarcoma is the uncommon malignant tumor of children and adolescents. It usually involves the soft tissues of the upper and lower joints and most commonly affects adults in their fourth decade of life. We report a rare case of synovial sarcoma of the head and neck region in a five-year-old child who has presented with right side cervical lymphadenopathy associated with dysphagia and hoarseness of voice. Patient was managed by modified radical neck dissection followed by chemotherapy.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515411/rosai-dorfman-disease-complicated-by-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Amer A Lardhi, Abdullah K Al-Mutairi, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Atheer K Al-Mutairi
Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare histiocytic proliferative disorder that commonly presents with a massive lymphadenopathy and a variety of constitutional symptoms. Severe hemolytic anemia is an infrequent complication of this disease. Although the etiology of the condition is unknown, infectious agents including viruses have been implicated. We describe a 2-year-old female child who presented with fever, pallor, and generalized lymphadenopathy complicated by the development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia. A review of the literature of this condition is also provided...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368099/submandibular-lymphadenopathy-in-a-child-post-renal-transplant-what-lies-beneath-answers
#5
Gurinder Kumar, Mohammed Khair Al Ghabra, Sadia Hafez Ilyas, Vasudev Omprakash Sharma, Naser Al Zein, Eihab Al Khasawneh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368098/submandibular-lymphadenopathy-in-a-child-post-renal-transplant-what-lies-beneath-questions
#6
Gurinder Kumar, Mohammed Khair Al Ghabra, Sadia Hafez Ilyas, Vasudev Omprakash Sharma, Naser Al Zein, Eihab Al Khasawneh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290192/demographics-and-outome-in-paediatric-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-single-centre-experience-at-the-children-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#7
Mahwish Faizan, Saadia Anwar, Safia Khan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient demographics and outcome analysis in paediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Hematology/Oncology Unit of The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January 2012 till December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Demographics including age, gender, histopathology, stage and outcome data, in biopsy proven NHL patients were analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276875/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-in-a-child-on-multiple-antiepileptics
#8
Jyotindra Narayan Goswami, Pankaj C Vaidya, Arushi Gahlot Saini, Dipankar De, Bishan Dass Radotra, Pratibha D Singhi
Goswami JN, Vaidya PC, Saini AG, De D, Radotra BD, Singhi PD. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms in a child on multiple antiepileptics. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 197-199. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is an adverse drug-reaction that may mimic systemic illnesses and have a fulminant presentation. We describe an 8-year-old girl with epilepsy and exposure to multiple anti-epileptics who presented with fever, extensive maculopapular rash, cervical lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, progressive anemia and transaminitis...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207760/epituberculosis-revisited-case-report-and-review
#9
Lavina Vishnu Mirchandani, Sindhu S Kamath, Jayalakshami Thelapurath Kutty, Aparna Iyer
Primary pulmonary tuberculosis can involve regional lymph nodes which may resolve spontaneously or on treatment; or they may enlarge causing extrinsic bronchial compression; or cause endobronchial inflammation and ulceration; or a node may erode through the bronchial wall with extrusion of caseous materials into the bronchial tree, causing focal or lobar pneumonia. This erosion is seen radiologically as hilar lymphadenopathy, with atelectasis and consolidation and described as "epituberculosis". It is more common in infants than older children...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076443/-a-toddler-with-a-red-swelling-in-the-neck
#10
S Willemse, M Oomens, L Karssemakers, J de Lange
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis in a child with a swelling in the neck is broad. Chronic lymphadenopathy in children quite often leads to extensive blood tests. Cervicofacial non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lymphadenitis is, however, not revealed by blood tests. It is a rare condition, which is mostly seen in young children. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 4-year-old girl had a 9-week history of a swelling in her neck; the skin covering the swelling had been red and flaking for the past week...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017528/first-case-of-mycobacterium-marseillense-lymphadenitis-in-a-child
#11
A Azzali, C Montagnani, M T Simonetti, G Spinelli, M de Martino, L Galli
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are pathogens that commonly affect the paediatric population and its most frequent manifestation is a cervicofacial lymphadenopathy. With the improvement of technologies, new species have been recently identified. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first case of NMT lymphadenitis in a child caused by Mycobacterium marseillense, a newly described species belonging to Mycobacterium avium complex. CONCLUSIONS: Improving the identification of these newly discovered mycobacteria, further information will be available about their clinical involvement and their best treatment...
October 10, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974878/recurrent-malignant-pheochromocytoma-with-lymph-nodal-metastasis-in-a-child-a-rare-case
#12
Jayesh Mittal, Ramanitharan Manikandan, Lalgudi Narayanan Dorairajan, Pampa Ch Toi
Malignant pheochromocytoma in children manifesting as local recurrence with multiple lymph nodal metastasis is a rare entity. We report a case of a 14-year-old child with recurrent sporadic malignant pheochromocytoma presenting 8 years after primary surgery with retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy. The child underwent excision of the tumor along with retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy. Histopathology confirmed pheochromocytoma with extensive lymph node metastasis. The patient has no signs of disease recurrence till date...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965793/systemic-cryptococcosis-in-an-immune-competent-child
#13
Arushi Gahlot Saini, Sooraj Patil, Triptee Agrawal, Aseem Basha, Rashi Garg, M R Shivaprakash, Pankaj Vaidya, Akshay Saxena, Pratibha Singhi
Crytococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast that frequently affects immune-compromised patients, although increasingly being detected in the immune-competent host as well. We report a case of disseminated cryptococcosis in a young child in whom no immune deficiency was yet identified. A 4-year-old child presented with high-grade fever, intermittent abdominal pain and generalized skin eruptions for the past two months. He had pallor, firm lymphadenopathy, skin lesions with scarring and firm hepatosplenomegaly...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882091/measles-lymphadenopathy-in-a-child-with-pfapa-syndrome
#14
Jefferson Terry, Kelly Brown, Joanne Hiebert, Ghada N Al-Rawahi, J Paul Moxham, Mel Krajden, Agatha N Jassem, Lori Tucker
Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is a common cause of periodic fever in children. The pathogenesis of PFAPA is unknown but likely involves immune system dysregulation and may be initiated by an environmental trigger. Tonsillectomy resolves or improves symptoms in some patients, but the reason for this is unknown; moreover, specific abnormalities in tonsillectomy specimens from PFAPA patients have not been described. Here, we report measles virus in tonsil from a child with PFAPA...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819488/-elbow-abscess-revealing-cat-scratch-disease-about-a-case
#15
Mustafa Nkaoui, Ahmed El Bardouni, Omar Lazrek, Nasser Ibo, Fouad Zouaidia, Mohamed Kharmaz, Mohamed Elouadghiri, Omar Lamrani, Mustapha Mahfoud, Mohamed Saleh Berrada
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a common cause of chronic benign lymphadenopathy in the child and the young adult. Bartonella henselae is the agent responsible for this disease. Common symptoms include regional lymphadenopathy associated with fever. We report a clinically atypical and potentially misleading case of a 18-year old girl with CSD revealed by elbow abscess.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646963/spectrum-and-burden-of-dermatophytes-in-children
#16
Leila Ferguson, L Claire Fuller
Tinea capitis is the most important superficial fungal condition in children. It is often unrecognised but the presence of alopecia, scale and lymphadenopathy, especially in inner-city children should prompt investigation. An understanding of changing epidemiology and prevalence of causative organisms is important in deciding appropriate therapy. The use of diagnostic aids including dermoscopy is increasing and is reported to be helpful in identifying subtle signs. Trichophyton tonsurans accounts for the majority of cases in the UK and terbinafine is increasingly advocated as a safe and effective therapy...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512556/pediatric-tuberculosis-in-northern-sardinia
#17
Maria Grazia Clemente, Elena Dore, Lidia Abis, Paola Molicotti, Stefania Zanetti, Paolina Olmeo, Roberto Antonucci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Migration flux is an increasing phenomenon in Italy, and it raises several public health issues and concerns in pediatric infectious diseases. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a pediatric population at high-risk for tuberculosis (TB) and the potential role of immigration as a risk factor. DESIGN: We performed an observational retrospective study of children referred to the only Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit for Northern Sardinia over a 6-year-period (2009-2014)...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491221/isolated-tuberculosis-of-metacarpal-bone-in-a-3-year-old-child
#18
El Mouhtadi Aghoutane, Tarik Salama, Redouane El Fezazi
Primary tuberculosis osteomyelitis of metacarpal bone is rare. The majority of cases occur in children and young adults and there is difficulty in diagnosis mainly in young children. We report a new case in children aged of 3 years, presenting a swelling on the dorsal side of her right hand since 8 months. X-ray showed an expansile, cystic and lytic lesion involving the little finger metacarpal. Tuberculosis was confirmed on histological examination. No lesions in lung parenchyma or lymphadenopathy were associated...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480256/a-case-report-of-pediatric-brucellosis-in-an-algerian-immigrant
#19
Eimear Kitt, Kristina R Brannock, Lauren A VonHolz, Paul J Planet, Erin Graf, Vinodh Pillai
An 8-year old girl presented to our facility with a 10-day history of fever, fatigue, abdominal pain and refusal to walk. She recently travelled from her native Algeria where she first developed symptoms. On evaluation, she was ill-appearing, febrile and tachycardic with hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy noted on examination. A strong musty odor was also noted from the child. Laboratory evaluation revealed pancytopenia, hyponatremia, and an elevated AST, ALT, and LDH. Malaria testing was negative, as was a PPD...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384939/up-the-duff-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-the-traumas-and-the-dilemmas
#20
Sheeba Marwah, Harsha Shailesh Gaikwad, Ritin Mohindra, Manjula Sharma
Lymphoma is fourth most frequent malignancy diagnosed prenatally (~1:6000 cases), with Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) forming the major chunk. However, in recent times, there has been an increase in occurrence of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) due to late child bearing age and high incidence of AIDS-related NHL in developing countries. Managing NHL in pregnancy involves intricate medical, ethical and psychological issues. Diagnostic and treatment delays may influence the prognosis for indolent cases. Seen the complexity of the management decisions associated with NHL, interdisciplinary and individualized approach becomes imperative for each woman...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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