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Resilience, mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154558/pilot-evaluation-of-a-resilience-training-program-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Kenneth I Pakenham, Matthew Mawdsley, Felicity L Brown, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and psychosocial outcomes of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based group resilience training program for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Research Method/Design: The study used a pre-post group intervention design with 3-month follow-up. The intervention consisted of 8 group sessions of 2.5 hours each with 7 weekly sessions plus a booster Session 5 weeks later. Thirty-seven PwMS completed questionnaires. Primary psychosocial outcomes were resilience, quality of life (QoL), and distress...
November 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148048/editorial-perspective-whatever-happened-to-temperament
#2
EDITORIAL
William B Carey
A recent editorial in this journal supported our need to be 'mindful of the field's strict adherence to the disease model of psychopathology, and wondered (not for the first time) whether our total allegiance to this model has obscured important information.' Dr. Burt pointed to studies in which normal behavioral style traits such as activity and resilience may have been significant factors in the outcome. These traits bear a close relationship to two of the nine normal temperament traits described by Chess and Thomas in their New York Longitudinal Study starting in 1956...
December 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118776/design-of-a-custom-rt-qpcr-array-for-assignment-of-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-traditional-portuguese-grapevine-varieties
#3
Luísa C Carvalho, Marília Silva, João L Coito, Margarida P Rocheta, Sara Amâncio
Widespread agricultural losses attributed to drought, often combined with high temperatures, frequently occur in the field, namely in Mediterranean climate areas, where the existing scenarios for climate change indicate an increase in the frequency of heat waves and severe drought events in summer. Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is the most cultivated fruit species in the world and the most valuable one and is a traditional Mediterranean species. Currently, viticulture must adjust to impending climate changes that are already pushing vine-growers toward the use of ancient and resilient varieties...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111989/improvements-in-psychological-health-following-a-residential-yoga-based-program-for-frontline-professionals
#4
Natalie Trent, Mindy Miraglia, Jeffery Dusek, Edi Pasalis, Sat Bir Singh Khalsa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a residential yoga-based program on psychological health and health behaviors in frontline professionals. METHODS: Frontline professionals from education, health care, human services, and corrections participated in the RISE (Resilience, Integration, Self-awareness, Engagement) program and completed questionnaires at baseline, post-program, and 2 months following RISE. RESULTS: Paired samples t tests revealed improvements in mindfulness, stress, resilience, affect, and sleep quality from baseline to post-program (all Ps < 0...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107117/burnout-and-stress-among-us-surgery-residents-psychological-distress-and-resilience
#5
Carter C Lebares, Ekaterina V Guvva, Nancy L Ascher, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Hobart W Harris, Elissa S Epel
BACKGROUND: Burnout among physicians affects mental health, performance and patient outcomes. Surgery residency is a high-risk time for burnout. We examined burnout and the psychological characteristics that may contribute to burnout vulnerability and resilience in a group of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was distributed in September, 2016, to all ACGME-accredited general surgery programs. Burnout was assessed with an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081995/everyday-resilience-in-district-health-systems-emerging-insights-from-the-front-lines-in-kenya-and-south-africa
#6
Lucy Gilson, Edwine Barasa, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo, Susan Cleary, Jane Goudge, Sassy Molyneux, Benjamin Tsofa, Uta Lehmann
Recent global crises have brought into sharp relief the absolute necessity of resilient health systems that can recognise and react to societal crises. While such crises focus the global mind, the real work lies, however, in being resilient in the face of routine, multiple challenges. But what are these challenges and what is the work of nurturing everyday resilience in health systems? This paper considers these questions, drawing on long-term, primarily qualitative research conducted in three different district health system settings in Kenya and South Africa, and adopting principles from case study research methodology and meta-synthesis in its analytic approach...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069540/methods-for-alleviating-stress-and-increasing-resilience-in-the-midwifery-community-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Erin M Wright, Maude Theo Matthai, Nicole Warren
INTRODUCTION: Work-related stress and exposure to traumatic birth have deleterious impacts on midwifery practice, the midwife's physiologic well-being, and the midwifery workforce. This is a global phenomenon, and the specific sources of this stress vary dependent on practice setting. This scoping review aims to determine which, if any, modalities help to reduce stress and increase resilience among a population of midwives. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature published between January 2011 and September 2016 using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases was performed...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056100/international-adoption-of-children-surviving-the-haitian-earthquake
#8
Julie Pascal, Marion Décombas-Marion, Véronique Poirier, Alexandre Lautrette, Emilie Rigal, Julie Sciauvaud, Bruno Pereira, André Labbe, Olivier Lesens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate resilience and frequency of behavioral symptoms in Haitian children internationally adopted before and after the earthquake of January 12, 2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quantitative study in 40 Haitian children. Families were also asked to participate in a qualitative study (individual interview at 18-24 months after the earthquake) and to complete State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and STAI for children (STAI-C) questionnaires...
October 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018095/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-foster-physician-resilience
#9
REVIEW
Susan Fox, Sinéad Lydon, Dara Byrne, Caoimhe Madden, Fergal Connolly, Paul O'Connor
This review aimed to synthesise the literature describing interventions to improve resilience among physicians, to evaluate the quality of this research and to outline the type and efficacy of interventions implemented. Searches were conducted in April 2017 using five electronic databases. Reference lists of included studies and existing review papers were screened. English language, peer-reviewed studies evaluating interventions to improve physician resilience were included. Data were extracted on setting, design, participant and intervention characteristics and outcomes...
October 10, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016274/mind-the-hype-a-critical-evaluation-and-prescriptive-agenda-for-research-on-mindfulness-and-meditation
#10
Nicholas T Van Dam, Marieke K van Vugt, David R Vago, Laura Schmalzl, Clifford D Saron, Andrew Olendzki, Ted Meissner, Sara W Lazar, Catherine E Kerr, Jolie Gorchov, Kieran C R Fox, Brent A Field, Willoughby B Britton, Julie A Brefczynski-Lewis, David E Meyer
During the past two decades, mindfulness meditation has gone from being a fringe topic of scientific investigation to being an occasional replacement for psychotherapy, tool of corporate well-being, widely implemented educational practice, and "key to building more resilient soldiers." Yet the mindfulness movement and empirical evidence supporting it have not gone without criticism. Misinformation and poor methodology associated with past studies of mindfulness may lead public consumers to be harmed, misled, and disappointed...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989553/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-intervention-study-of-a-mindfulness-based-self-leadership-training-mbslt-on-stress-and-performance
#11
Juliane Sampl, Thomas Maran, Marco R Furtner
The present randomized pilot intervention study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based self-leadership training (MBSLT) specifically developed for academic achievement situations. Both mindfulness and self-leadership have a strong self-regulatory focus and are helpful in terms of stress resilience and performance enhancements. Based on several theoretical points of contact and a specific interplay between mindfulness and self-leadership, the authors developed an innovative intervention program that improves mood as well as performance in a real academic setting...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983508/specific-reduction-in-cortisol-stress-reactivity-after-social-but-not-attention-based-mental-training
#12
Veronika Engert, Bethany E Kok, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Tania Singer
Psychosocial stress is a public health burden in modern societies. Chronic stress-induced disease processes are, in large part, mediated via the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system. We asked whether the contemplative mental training of different practice types targeting attentional, socio-affective (for example, compassion), or socio-cognitive abilities (for example, perspective-taking) in the context of a 9-month longitudinal training study offers an effective means for psychosocial stress reduction...
October 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968562/mind-full-of-life-does-mindfulness-confer-resilience-to-suicide-by-increasing-zest-for-life
#13
Khan R L Collins, Werner G K Stritzke, Andrew C Page, Julia D Brown, Tricia J Wylde
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is a trainable skill that may enhance resilience to suicidality among vulnerable groups such as young people. The current study examined whether mindfulness protects against suicidal desire in the face of heightened risk and adversity by increasing zest for life in a sample of university students. METHODS: In a prospective design, participants (N = 233) were assessed at two time points over eight weeks. Online surveys included the Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale, Zest for Life Scale, Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, and items assessing suicidal ideation and suicidal intent...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861707/the-impact-of-a-required-longitudinal-stress-management-and-resilience-training-course-for-first-year-medical-students
#14
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Tait D Shanafelt, Ling Werner, Amit Sood, Daniel Satele, Alexandra P Wolanskyj
BACKGROUND: Although psychological distress is common among medical students, little remains known about effective interventions. One promising individual-focused approach is mindfulness-based stress management interventions; however, studies to date have relied on volunteers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a required longitudinal stress management and resilience course improves well-being among first-year medical students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study...
August 31, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851238/the-effects-of-four-days-of-intensive-mindfulness-meditation-training%C3%A2-templestay-program-on-resilience-to-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Wu Jeong Hwang, Tae Young Lee, Kyung-Ok Lim, Dahye Bae, Seoyeon Kwak, Hye-Yoon Park, Jun Soo Kwon
The interest in mindfulness meditation interventions has surged due to their beneficial effects in fostering resilience and reducing stress in both clinical and non-clinical populations. However, the relaxation benefits that may occur while practicing mindfulness meditation and long-term benefits of these interventions remain unclear. Fifty-one participants were recruited and randomized into the experimental and control groups, which underwent 4 days of Intensive Meditation (Templestay program, n = 33) and Relaxation (Control, n = 18), respectively...
August 29, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808897/should-posttraumatic-stress-be-a-disorder-or-a-specifier-towards-improved-nosology-within-the-dsm-categorical-classification-system
#16
REVIEW
Jeffrey Guina, Matthew Baker, Kelly Stinson, Jon Maust, Joseph Coles, Pamela Broderick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since 1980, posttraumatic stress (PTS) disorder has been controversial because of its origin as a social construct, its discriminating trauma definition, and the Procrustean array of symptoms/clusters chosen for inclusion/exclusion. This review summarizes the history of trauma-related nosology and proposed changes, within current categorical models (trauma definitions, symptoms/clusters, subtypes/specifiers, disorders) and new models. RECENT FINDINGS: Considering that trauma is a risk factor for virtually all mental disorders (particularly depressive, anxiety, dissociative, personality), the multi-finality of trauma (some survivors are resilient, and some develop PTS and/or non-PTS symptoms), and the various symptoms that trauma survivors express (mood, cognitive, perceptual, somatic), it is difficult to classify PTS...
August 15, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803568/history-of-child-maltreatment-and-telomere-length-in-immune-cell-subsets-associations-with-stress-and-attachment-related-hormones
#17
Christina Boeck, Sabrina Krause, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Katharina Schury, Harald Gündel, Christiane Waller, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
Experiencing maltreatment during childhood can have long-lasting consequences for both mental and physical health. Immune cell telomere length (TL) shortening might be one link between child maltreatment (CM) experiences and adverse health outcomes later in life. While the stress hormone cortisol has been associated with TL attrition, the attachment-related hormone oxytocin may promote resilience. In 15 mothers with and 15 age- and body mass index-matched mothers without CM, we assessed TL in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and selected immune cell subsets (monocytes, naive, and memory cytotoxic T cells) by quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization, as well as peripheral cortisol and oxytocin levels...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798714/buffering-impostor-feelings-with-kindness-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion-between-gender-role-orientation-and-the-impostor-phenomenon
#18
Alexandra Patzak, Marlene Kollmayer, Barbara Schober
The impostor phenomenon (IP) refers to high-achievers who underestimate their abilities and thus fear being unmasked as impostors. IP sufferers attribute their success to factors other than their abilities, entailing negative emotions, unfavorable motivations, and reduced well-being. The IP was originally conceptualized as a predominantly female experience, and is thus seen as an important psychological barrier for female academic careers. Empirical findings of gender differences in the IP are equivocal, but sparse research on associations between gender-role orientation and the IP indicates that feminine students suffer more intensely from the IP than masculine students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734167/mindfulness-practice-moderates-the-relationship-between-craving-and-substance-use-in-a-clinical-sample
#19
Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen
Relapse following treatment for substance use disorders is highly prevalent, and craving has been shown to be a primary predictor of relapse. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a psychosocial aftercare program integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral approaches, aimed at reducing the risk and severity of relapse. Results from a recent randomized clinical trial demonstrate enhanced remission resilience for MBRP participants versus both cognitive-behavioral and treatment-as-usual controls...
October 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727625/decreasing-stress-and-burnout-in-nurses-efficacy-of-blended-learning-with-stress-management-and-resilience-training-program
#20
Donna L Magtibay, Sherry S Chesak, Kevin Coughlin, Amit Sood
OBJECTIVE: The study's purpose was to assess efficacy of blended learning to decrease stress and burnout among nurses through use of the Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program. BACKGROUND: Job-related stress in nurses leads to high rates of burnout, compromises patient care, and costs US healthcare organizations billions of dollars annually. Many mindfulness and resiliency programs are taught in a format that limits nurses' attendance. METHODS: Consistent with blended learning, participants chose the format that met their learning styles and goals; Web-based, independent reading, facilitated discussions...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
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