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Resilience, mindfulness

Muhammad Abid Azam, Joel Katz, Vina Mohabir, Paul Ritvo
BACKGROUND: Current research suggests that associations between headache conditions (migraine, tension) and imbalances in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) are due to stress-related dysregulation in the activity of the parasympathetic-sympathetic branches. Mindfulness meditation has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing pain-related distress, and in enhancing heart rate variability-a vagal-mediated marker of ANS balance. This study examined HRV during cognitive stress and mindfulness meditation in individuals with migraine and tension headaches...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Diane Chamberlain, Allison Williams, David Stanley, Peter Mellor, Wendy Cross, Lesley Siegloff
BACKGROUND: Nursing students will graduate into stressful workplace environments and resilience is an essential acquired ability for surviving the workplace. Few studies have explored the relationship between resilience and the degree of innate dispositional mindfulness, compassion, compassion fatigue and burnout in nursing students, including those who find themselves in the position of needing to work in addition to their academic responsibilities. AIM: This paper investigates the predictors of resilience, including dispositional mindfulness and employment status of third year nursing students from three Australian universities...
October 2016: Nurs Open
Teresa A Lapa, Filipa M Madeira, Joaquim S Viana, José Pinto-Gouveia
Anaesthesiologists face stressful working conditions that can culminate in burnout syndrome. Despite various studies and protective measures which have attempted to prevent this situation, burnout continues to be a problem within the profession, impacting negatively on physicians' lives and their performance. In this review article mechanisms and consequences of burnout are described in addition to individual strategies for stress management and burnout reduction with potential impact on health care quality and wellbeing in anaesthesiologists...
October 4, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Kate FitzPatrick, Jeffrey N Doucette, Amy Cotton, Debra Arnow, Teri Pipe
In this second installment of a three-part series on mindfulness, we describe the process of producing video vignettes to illustrate how clinical nurses draw on the power of mindfulness to build their own resiliency while delivering compassionate care.
October 2016: Nursing Management
Janet R Kahn, William Collinge, Robert Soltysik
BACKGROUND: Veterans with history of deployment in the Global War on Terror face significant and ongoing challenges with high prevalences of adverse psychological, physical, spiritual, and family impacts. Together, these challenges contribute to an emerging public health crisis likely to extend well into the future. Innovative approaches are needed that reach veterans and their family members with strategies they can employ over time in their daily lives to promote improved adjustment and well-being...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Cynthia M Stonnington, Betty Darby, Angela Santucci, Pamela Mulligan, Patricia Pathuis, Andrea Cuc, Joseph G Hentz, Nan Zhang, David Mulligan, Amit Sood
Solid organ and stem cell transplant patients and their caregivers report a substantial level of distress. Mindfulness-based stress reduction has been shown to alleviate distress associated with transplant, but there is limited experience in this population with other mindfulness-based interventions, or with combined transplant patient and caregiver interventions. We evaluated a novel, 6-week mindfulness-based resilience training (MBRT) class for transplant patients and their caregivers that incorporates mindfulness practice, yoga, and neuroscience of stress and resilience...
September 12, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
L J Nelson, P K Miller, D Ashman
UNLABELLED: WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THE SUBJECT?: This paper describes crisis resolution/home treatment (CRHT) teams, which are part of mental health services in the United Kingdom. CRHT is expected to assist individuals in building resilience and work within a recovery approach. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper arises from an interview with one individual, Dale, as part of a larger study exploring service users' experiences of CRHT. It adds to the body of narrative knowledge in CRHT through Dale's co-authorship of this paper, reflecting on his original interview 4 years later, with co-authors providing critical interpretation of his experience, in turn supported by cognate literature...
August 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
David Rogers
INTRODUCTION: This literature review summarizes the current evidence on educational interventions to develop healthcare worker resilience. METHODS: Electronic databases were systematically searched using the search terms: education OR training OR medical students AND resilience. The initial search was refined using criteria including population (healthcare students and professionals), interventions (educational), and outcome (resilience changes). RESULTS: Resilience has been defined and measured in various ways...
August 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
Kelly M Shaffer, Eric Riklin, Jamie M Jacobs, Jonathan Rosand, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to examine the associations of patients' and their informal caregivers' psychosocial resiliency factors with their own and their partners' emotion domains (distress, anxiety, depression, and anger) after admission to the neuroscience intensive care unit (Neuro-ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three dyads of patients (total n = 87) and their informal caregivers (total n = 99) participated in this observational, cross-sectional study by self-reporting demographics and measures of resiliency factors (mindfulness [Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale Revised], coping [Measure of Coping Status-A], intimate bond [Intimate Bond Measure], self-efficacy [patients: General Self-Efficacy Scale; caregivers: Revised Caregiver Self-Efficacy Scale]) and emotion domains (Emotion Thermometers) within 2 weeks of Neuro-ICU admission...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Kishani Townshend, Zoe Jordan, Matthew Stephenson, Komla Tsey
BACKGROUND: The rationale for undertaking this review was to investigate a potential strategy to address the rising prevalence of child and adolescent mental health disorders. The central tenants of mindful parenting appear to be emotional awareness, emotional regulation, attention regulation, intentionality and non-judgmental acceptance. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of mindful parenting programs in promoting children's, adolescents' and parents' wellbeing, particularly in relation to the intensity of symptoms associated with internalizing (depression, anxiety, stress) and externalizing (conduct) disorders...
March 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Kathi J Kemper, Nisha Rao
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in brief, online training in mind-body skills to improve resilience in health professionals. METHODS: We analyzed data from an online training program in focused attention meditation. Resilience, relaxation, stress, positive and negative affect, and flourishing were measured before and after training using standardized scales. RESULTS: The 379 participants included nurses (31%), physicians (21%), social workers and psychologists (10%), and others (38%)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Kelly M Shaffer, Eric Riklin, Jamie M Jacobs, Jonathan Rosand, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation of psychosocial resiliency factors (mindfulness and coping) with symptoms of posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depression in patients recently admitted to the neuroscience ICU and their primary informal caregivers. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional correlational study. SETTING: Neuroscience ICU in a major medical center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 78 dyads of patients (total n = 81) and their primary caregivers (total n = 92) from June to December 2015...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Clare S Rees, Brody Heritage, Rebecca Osseiran-Moisson, Diane Chamberlain, Lynette Cusack, Judith Anderson, Victoria Terry, Cath Rogers, David Hemsworth, Wendy Cross, Desley G Hegney
The nature of nursing work is demanding and can be stressful. Previous studies have shown a high rate of burnout among employed nurses. Recently, efforts have been made to understand the role of resilience in determining the psychological adjustment of employed nurses. A theoretical model of resilience was proposed recently that includes several constructs identified in the literature related to resilience and to psychological functioning. As nursing students are the future of the nursing workforce it is important to advance our understanding of the determinants of resilience in this population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Ye-Ha Jung, Tae Min Ha, Chang Young Oh, Ui Soon Lee, Joon Hwan Jang, Jungwon Kim, Jae-Oh Park, Do-Hyung Kang
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of an online mind-body training (MBT) program on participants' stress, anger, coping strategies, emotional intelligence, resilience, and positive and negative affect. Forty-two healthy women participated in an online MBT program for approximately 8-10 minutes a day for 8 weeks; a control group of 45 healthy women did not participate in the program. Self-report psychological questionnaires were administered before the beginning of the program and at 4 and 8 weeks following its onset...
2016: PloS One
E Tholouli, A Maridaki-Kassotaki, L Varvogli, G P Chrousos
Compassion is closely related with human's survival as a mammal and has been developed through evolution for pain reduction, for forming affiliative bonds and alliances with non kin in order to increase protection and cope with external threats. Compassion seems to influence people's ability to deal with life's adverse situations such as stress and it is linked with lower psychopathology and greater wellbeing. Compassion is closely related to empathy and altruism and it is defined as the recognition of the pain of the self or others' that is accompanied with the will to take action in order to relieve the person from pain...
April 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Viviana Fabiani, Ramona Gatto, Aurora Tagliaferri, Simonetta Donsante, Dario Rech, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: Unemployment often implies several psychological issues, including hopelessness and low self-esteem. These issues may contribute to maintain the current unemployed status. OBJECTIVES: In this study we present the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction treatment for unemployed people and welfare professionals, aimed to improve resilience and quality of life. METHODS: We assessed both unemployed people and welfare professionals for psychological outcomes at both pre- and post-treatment...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Eric Riklin, Vanessa L Merker, Eric A Macklin, Elyse R Park, Scott R Plotkin
OBJECTIVE: To test, within a single-blind randomized controlled trial, the feasibility, acceptability, efficacy, and durability of a mind-body program (the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for neurofibromatosis [3RP-NF]) vs an attention placebo control (Health Enhancement Program for NF [HEP-NF]), both delivered via group videoconferencing. METHODS: Sixty-three patients completed baseline assessments and were randomized. Primary outcomes were physical health and psychological quality of life (QoL), measured by the WHOQOL-BREF (World Health Organization QoL abbreviated instrument)...
August 23, 2016: Neurology
D Żołnierczyk-Zreda, M Sanderson, S Bedyńska
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), which was initially used in clinical settings, has also proved to be an effective tool for managing work-related stress in occupational groups inherently exposed to certain psychosocial risks. AIMS: To examine the potential for work-related stress management using MBSR for middle-level managers who are considered to be particularly affected by the negative effects of stress related to organizational restructuring...
July 20, 2016: Occupational Medicine
L Psychogiou, K Legge, E Parry, J Mann, S Nath, T Ford, W Kuyken
Depression in parents impairs parenting and increases the risk of psychopathology among their children. Prevention and intervention could be informed by knowledge of the mechanisms that break the inter-generational transmission of psychopathology and build resilience in both parents and their children. We used data from two independent studies to examine whether higher levels of self-compassion were associated with better parenting and fewer emotional and behavioral problems in children of parents with a history of depression...
2016: Mindfulness
Debra L Kalmanowitz, Rainbow T H Ho
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to understand how art therapy and mindfulness meditation could be integrated together in the context of different cultures and political violence and in work with asylum seekers suffering from trauma. METHOD: We conducted a qualitative phenomenological study based on the social construction paradigm. Twelve participants took part in 4 intensive full-day art therapy and mindfulness workshops. The study's setting was an art therapy and mindfulness studio (Inhabited Studio) in Hong Kong where participants engaged in art making and in mindfulness-meditation practice...
July 18, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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