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Resilience, mindfulness

Emily L Zale, Tessa J Heinhuis, Tara Tehan, Danielle Salgueiro, Jonathan Rosand, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
OBJECTIVE: Every year, millions of Americans become informal caregivers to loved ones admitted to Neuroscience Intensive Care Units (Neuro-ICU), and face challenges to Quality of Life (QoL). This study sought to identify associations between resiliency, distress, and caregiver QoL at time of Neuro-ICU admission. METHODS: Informal caregivers (N = 79, Mage  = 53, 64% female) of Neuro-ICU patients were recruited and completed self-report questionnaires during the hospitalization...
March 6, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
Linda D Cameron, Paul Carroll, W Kyle Hamilton
This phase II trial evaluated psychosocial and health outcomes of an intervention designed to improve emotion regulation skills in adults suffering from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). The study utilized a pretest-posttest design in which 92 adults enrolled in the community-based program completed pretest measures, attended either a faith-based or secular version of the 12-week ACE Overcomers program, and then completed posttest measures. The theory-guided program involved group sessions providing education and skills training to improve emotion regulation, self-awareness, resilience, and social functioning...
March 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Katherine Bain, Carla Durbach
Much research details the psychological risks to individuals exposed as children to intimate partner violence (IPV). However, resilience has been a neglected area of study within this population. This article details adaptive responses in six participants exposed to IPV in childhood. Adult attachment interviews (AAI) and follow-up semi-structured interviews analyzed using an interpretive thematic analysis revealed common themes relating to psychological defenses and adaptive strategies. Despite exposure to IPV in childhood, these six women were found to have secure attachment states of mind...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Christopher J Udell, Julie L Ruddy, Philip M Procento
Introduction: US Navy recruits who have injuries preventing them from participating in intense physical conditioning are pulled out of boot camp training and receive treatment that includes daily physical therapy, pain medications, and psychoeducational groups. Graduation from boot camp for these recruits requires not only recovering from their injuries but also passing a required Physical Fitness Assessment consisting of a timed 1.5-mile run, curl-ups, and push-ups. About 50-60% of these recruits will eventually be separated out and sent home...
March 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Anna Bailey, Helen Ellis-Caird, Carla Croft
OBJECTIVE: To provide a model of resilience among women undergoing fertility treatments, who experience repeated unsuccessful conception attempts. BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive treatment is emotionally and physically challenging. Women undergoing such treatments report experiencing high levels of anxiety and depression. There continues to be a lack of understanding of the process women go through to adapt to the challenges associated with fertility treatment, in order to continue to pursue their goal of pregnancy...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Lisa Lyssenko, Gerhard Müller, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Christian Schmahl, Mathias Berger, Georg Eifert, Alexander Kölle, Siegmar Nesch, Jutta Ommer-Hohl, Michael Wenner, Martin Bohus
Mental health promotion programs (MHP) seek to reduce sub-syndromal symptoms of mental distress and enhance positive mental health. This study evaluates the long-term effects of a mindfulness-based MHP program ('Life Balance') provided by health coaches in a multi-site field setting on mental distress, satisfaction with life and resilience. Using a controlled design, propensity score matching was used to select a control group for participants of the MHP. The total study sample (N = 3624) comprised 83% women, with a mean age of 50 years...
March 2, 2018: Health Promotion International
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Deirdre M J Walsh, Todd G Morrison, Ronan J Conway, Eamonn Rogers, Francis J Sullivan, AnnMarie Groarke
Background: Post traumatic growth (PTG) can be defined as positive change following a traumatic event. The current conceptualization of PTG encompasses five main dimensions, however, there is no dimension which accounts for the distinct effect of a physical trauma on PTG. The purpose of the present research was to test the role of PTG, physical post traumatic growth (PPTG), resilience and mindfulness in predicting psychological and health related adjustment. Method: Ethical approval was obtained from relevant institutional ethics committees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Gin S Malhi, Tim Outhred, Amber Hamilton, Philip M Boyce, Richard Bryant, Paul B Fitzgerald, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Richard J Porter, Ajeet B Singh, Kristina Fritz
In December 2015, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists published a comprehensive set of mood disorder clinical practice guidelines for psychiatrists, psychologists and mental health professionals. This guideline summary, directed broadly at primary care physicians, is an abridged version that focuses on major depression. It emphasises the importance of shared decision making, tailoring personalised care to the individual, and delivering care in the context of a therapeutic relationship...
March 5, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Suman J Gupta, Kathi J Kemper, Joanne Lynn
INTRODUCTION: There is growing interest in mind-body skills (MBS) education and online interprofessional elective MBS training for health professionals. We conducted this study to understand a) the demand among different health professionals for an online MBS course; b) engagement with different MBS topics; and c) planned behavior changes. METHODS: We examined registrations from May 1 through August 31, 2014 for a new online MBS elective, analyzing the percentage of registrants who engaged with one or more of 12 modules by September 30, 2014...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Julieta Galante, Géraldine Dufour, Maris Vainre, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Alice Benton, Neal Lathia, Emma Howarth, Peter B Jones
BACKGROUND: The rising number of young people going to university has led to concerns about an increasing demand for student mental health services. We aimed to assess whether provision of mindfulness courses to university students would improve their resilience to stress. METHODS: We did this pragmatic randomised controlled trial at the University of Cambridge, UK. Students aged 18 years or older with no severe mental illness or crisis (self-assessed) were randomly assigned (1:1), via remote survey software using computer-generated random numbers, to receive either an 8 week mindfulness course adapted for university students (Mindfulness Skills for Students [MSS]) plus mental health support as usual, or mental health support as usual alone...
February 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Vanessa M Meyer
Background: Competitive athletes train body and mind in preparation for competition with mental fortitude often providing the "winning edge." Similarly, the current-day warfighter faces significant physical and psychological challenges and must be prepared to respond to life-threatening danger with mental and physical agility. Sport Psychology for the Soldier Athlete recognizes the soldier as an elite athlete and provides training required to perform at the highest caliber. Through this curriculum, mental skills coaching in goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, and heart rate control is integrated into routine physical fitness training...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Quentin Vuillemin, Pierre-Eric Schwartzbrod, Pierre Pasquier, Florian Sibille, Marion Trousselard, Marie-Hélène Ferrer
Introduction: Health care delivery in military conflicts implies high-stress environments. Hemorrhage is the first cause of survivable death among combat casualties, and tourniquet application is one of the most critical lifesaving interventions on the battlefield. However, previous studies have shown high failure rates in tourniquet application. Our study aimed to assess the correlation between personality traits that may interfere with effective tourniquet application in a simulated extremity hemorrhage...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Charles A Emlet, Lesley Harris, Christina M Pierpaoli, Charles Furlotte
The National Institutes of Health human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Aging Working Group identified spirituality as a research emphasis. This qualitative study examines the importance of religion and spirituality among 30 HIV-positive older adults. Using modified grounded theory, adults 50+ were recruited in Ontario, Canada, through AIDS service organizations, clinics, and community agencies. Descriptions of religion and spirituality encapsulated the idea of a journey, which had two components: the long-term HIV survivor profile combined with the experience of aging itself...
March 2018: Research on Aging
Karmel W Choi, Kelly M Shaffer, Emily L Zale, Christopher J Funes, Karestan C Koenen, Tara Tehan, Jonathan Rosand, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
OBJECTIVES: Informal caregivers-that is, close family and friends providing unpaid emotional or instrumental care-of patients admitted to ICUs are at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder. As a first step toward developing interventions to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder in ICU caregivers, we examined the predictive validity of psychosocial risk screening during admission for caregiver posttraumatic stress disorder at 3 and 6 months post hospitalization. DESIGN: An observational, prospective study...
January 30, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Erin G Mistretta, Mary C Davis, M'hamed Temkit, Christopher Lorenz, Betty Darby, Cynthia M Stonnington
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether an in-person mindfulness-based resilience training (MBRT) program or a smartphone-delivered resiliency-based intervention improved stress, well-being, and burnout in employees at a major tertiary health care institution. METHODS: Sixty participants were randomized to a 6-week MBRT, a resiliency-based smartphone intervention, or an active control group. Stress, well-being, and burnout were assessed at baseline, at program completion, and 3 months postintervention...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kate Hendricks Thomas, Justin T McDaniel, Aaron J Diehr, Kyleanne Hunter
Complementary techniques are useful in treating adverse symptoms of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS, and in preventing disease spread by encouraging screening. This study indicates that HIV diagnosis rates are higher in states where behavioral medicine is practiced; participation in such activities may influence the extent to which someone might closely monitor personal health. A strong evidence-base exists for the recommendation of mindfulness practices that improve rates of primary preventive practices and self-reported quality of life for participants living with chronic conditions such as HIV and AIDS...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
Christopher Yi Wen Chan, Min Yi Sum, Giles Ming Yee Tan, Phern-Chern Tor, Kang Sim
BACKGROUND: The Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) was specifically designed to measure the undergraduate medical educational environment. This study seeks to review the adoption of DREEM internationally, and its association with different learning contexts and learner factors in order to better support our learners and facilitate future applications and research. METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted on all articles that adopted and reported data using the DREEM from 1997 to April 2017...
January 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
Mona Shattell, Angela Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Kathryn L Norsworthy
I am one of many psychologists from the minority world, or Global North, who regularly travel to the Global South, or majority world, to engage in activist research and practice. Drawing on postcolonial and decolonial frameworks, this testimonio discusses tensions and complexities that arise in these transnational border crossings, particularly given the current internationalization movement in U.S. psychology. A testimonio is a first-person narrative of experiences with oppression, resilience, and empowerment, that can "re-script history ...
December 2017: American Psychologist
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