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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769084/resilience-trust-and-civic-engagement-in-the-post-ccsvi-era
#1
Shelly Benjaminy, Andrew Schepmyer, Judy Illes, Anthony Traboulsee
BACKGROUND: Scientific and financial investments in chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) research have been made to address both the hope for and scepticism over this interventional strategy for MS. Despite limited evidence in support of the CCSVI hypothesis, the funding of clinical research was responsive to a demand by the public rarely seen in the history of medicine. We characterize patient perspectives about the CCSVI research trajectory, with particular attention to its impact on other non-pharmaceutical areas of MS research with a focus on stem cell interventions...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742631/neurobiology-of-trauma-and-mindfulness-for-children
#2
Jaclyn Iacona, Stephanie Johnson
Adverse child experiences (ACEs) have a significant impact on developing children, both physically and psychologically, with ongoing consequences that may manifest throughout adulthood. These negative health consequences can be mitigated if a child is given a supportive environment in which to develop healthy coping mechanisms. Those who specialize in caring for children with ACEs must understand the neurobiology of trauma to conceptualize how trauma triggers the brain and body when encountering stressful events...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724735/chronic-stress-protection-for-postnatal-depression-prevention-serene-a-protocol-for-an-exploratory-study
#3
Dahlia Tharwat, Marion Trousselard, Mélanie Balès, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Dominique Fromage, Elisabeth Spitz, Dominique Dallay, Thierry Harvey, Eric Welter, Frédéric Coatleven, Lydie Cherier, Frédérique Teissèdre, Jean-Luc Pouly, Frédéric Dutheil, Anaïs M Duffaud
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of postnatal depression (PND) is significant: reaching up to 20% in the general population. In mechanistic terms, the risk of PND lies in an interaction between a maternal psychophysiological vulnerability and a chronic environmental context of stress. On the one hand, repetition of stressor during pregnancy mimics a chronic stress model that is relevant to the study of the allostatic load and the adaptive mechanisms. On the other hand, vulnerability factors reflect a psychological profile mirroring mindfulness functioning (psychological quality that involves bringing one's complete and non-judgemental attention to the present experience on a moment-to-moment basis)...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705463/modern-postural-yoga-as-a-mental-health-promoting-tool-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Rita B Domingues
Yoga has been gaining popularity as a complementary therapy for mental health conditions, but research on the efficacy of yoga is still in its beginnings. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of modern postural yoga (strong focus on physical postures) on positive mental health (PMH) indicators in clinical and nonclinical populations. The most common PMH indicators were mindfulness, affect, resilience and well-being, followed by satisfaction with life, self-compassion, empathy and others...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704800/does-building-resilience-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-happen-through-clinical-placements-a-qualitative-study
#5
Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Yobas, Yeow Leng Chow, Shefaly Shorey
BACKGROUND: The shortage of nurses has become a global phenomenon, and methods of decreasing the attrition rate of nurses have been explored. Resilience was one of the important factors that increased the retention rate of nurses who stayed in this highly stressful profession. OBJECTIVES: To understand how undergraduate nursing students perceive and experience their clinical placements and to identify the factors that helped them build resilience. DESIGN: A qualitative design utilizing focus group interviews was adopted for this study...
April 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697426/does-mindfulness-training-enhance-the-professional-development-of-residents-a-qualitative-study
#6
Hanne Verweij, Hiske van Ravesteijn, Madelon L M van Hooff, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: In addition to developing diagnostic and clinical skills, postgraduate medical education should stimulate residents' professional development. Teaching medical professionalism is challenging and is often left largely to the informal and hidden curricula. An intervention that might be beneficial for medical residents is Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). The authors implemented MBSR as an optional course for residents and qualitatively explored how it influenced residents professionally...
April 24, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689081/six-year-positive-effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-mindfulness-coping-and-well-being-in-medical-and-psychology-students-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Michael de Vibe, Ida Solhaug, Jan H Rosenvinge, Reidar Tyssen, Adam Hanley, Eric Garland
Longitudinal research investigating the enduring impact of mindfulness training is scarce. This study investigates the six-year effects of a seven-week mindfulness-based course, by studying intervention effects in the trajectory of dispositional mindfulness and coping skills, and the association between those change trajectories and subjective well-being at six-year follow-up. 288 Norwegian medical and psychology students participated in a randomized controlled trial. 144 received a 15-hour mindfulness course over seven weeks in the second or third semester with booster sessions twice yearly, while the rest continued their normal study curricula...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627695/mindfulness-based-resilience-training-to-reduce-health-risk-stress-reactivity-and-aggression-among-law-enforcement-officers-a-feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-trial
#8
Michael S Christopher, Matthew Hunsinger, Lt Richard J Goerling, Sarah Bowen, Brant S Rogers, Cynthia R Gross, Eli Dapolonia, Jens C Pruessner
The primary objective of this study was to assess feasibility and gather preliminary outcome data on Mindfulness-Based Resilience Training (MBRT) for law enforcement officers. Participants (n = 61) were randomized to either an 8-week MBRT course or a no intervention control group. Self-report and physiological data were collected at baseline, post-training, and three months following intervention completion. Attendance, adherence, post-training participant feedback, and interventionist fidelity to protocol all demonstrated feasibility of MBRT for law enforcement officers...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602138/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-nurses-and-nursing-students-an-integrated-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Pamela van der Riet, Tracy Levett-Jones, Catherine Aquino-Russell
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has identified a range of beneficial physiological and psychological outcomes from the regular practice of mindfulness meditation. For healthcare professionals, mindfulness meditation is claimed to reduce stress, anxiety and burnout, and enhance resilience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this integrative review was to critically appraise the literature that related to the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation programs for nurses and nursing students...
March 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598225/a-qualitative-study-of-a-compassion-presence-and-resilience-training-for-oncology-interprofessional-teams
#10
Rinat Nissim, Carmine Malfitano, Mark Coleman, Gary Rodin, Mary Elliott
The well-being of health care providers may be challenged by their work, with evidence that oncology health care providers are a high-risk group for burnout. The present qualitative pilot study evaluated a mindfulness-based group intervention, referred to as Compassion, Presence, and Resilience Training (CPR-T), for oncology interprofessional teams. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the subjective experience of oncology health care providers receiving CPR-T and their perceptions of its benefits, risks, or challenges...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592820/outsourcing-critical-financial-system-operations
#11
Nora Cox, Jan Pilbauer
Payments Canada provides Canada's national payments systems and is responsible for the clearing and settlement infrastructure, processes and rules that underpin the exchange of billions of dollars each day through the Canadian economy. Strategic sourcing is a reality for this small organisation with a broad scope of national regulations and global standards to comply with. This paper outlines Payments Canada's approach to outsourcing its critical financial system operations, which centres on four key principles: strong relationship management; continuous learning, recording and reporting; evaluating the business landscape; and a commitment to evolving the organisation to greater resilience...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588655/reflections-from-the-lebanese-field-first-heal-thyself
#12
Zeina Chemali, Hannah Smati, Kelsey Johnson, Christina P C Borba, Gregory L Fricchione
Humanitarian aid workers caring for Syrian refugees face major stressors as they attend to refugees' needs on the field. Without adequate psychosocial support, evidence has shown that fieldworkers experience high burnout and turnover as well as long-term poor mental health. Unfortunately, scarce training in this regard leaves them ill-equipped to care for themselves and practice resilience while handling trauma in the field. This paper highlights our reflection on working with mindfulness programs during humanitarian crises, specifically how our program, Stress Management and Relaxation Response Training (SMART), has helped over time fieldworkers and the community they cared for...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581100/resilience-surviving-and-thriving-in-the-paediatric-workplace
#13
Sanjay Suri, Eleanor Nash
The health of the medical workforce, within the UK, has been described as an unmet public health need. Reports of stress, burnout and ill health are continuing to rise. Burnout is when meaningful and challenging work becomes unpleasant and unfulfilling; energy turns into exhaustion; enthusiasm turns into cynicism and efficacy turns into ineffectiveness. Stress is an individual's physical and psychological response to single or multiple pressures. Low-level stress, or 'healthy stress', is essential. Stress becomes unhealthy when pressures exceed one's perceived ability to cope and the response to the pressures becomes counterproductive, leading to a decrease in performance...
March 26, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575626/challenges-associated-with-parenting-youth-with-neurofibromatosis-a-qualitative-investigation
#14
Catherine Pierre-Louis, Tessa Heinhuis, Eric Riklin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Parents of children with the neurofibromatoses (NF; neurofibromatosis 1, neurofibromatosis 2, and schwannomatosis) are at an increased risk for emotional and physical health problems. This study aimed to determine parents' perceptions of stressors associated with parenting a child with NF in order to inform the development of a resiliency intervention. We conducted three live video semi structured focus groups with parents of youth with NF (N = 30), which were subsequently transcribed and coded using qualitative content analysis...
April 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549820/resiliency-is-independently-associated-with-greater-quality-of-life-among-informal-caregivers-to-neuroscience-intensive-care-unit-patients
#15
Emily L Zale, Tessa J Heinhuis, Tara Tehan, Danielle Salgueiro, Jonathan Rosand, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
OBJECTIVE: Every year, millions of Americans become informal caregivers to loved ones admitted to Neuroscience Intensive Care Units (Neuro-ICU), and face challenges to Quality of Life (QoL). This study sought to identify associations between resiliency, distress, and caregiver QoL at time of Neuro-ICU admission. METHODS: Informal caregivers (N = 79, Mage  = 53, 64% female) of Neuro-ICU patients were recruited and completed self-report questionnaires during the hospitalization...
March 6, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544158/evaluation-of-an-intervention-promoting-emotion-regulation-skills-for-adults-with-persisting-distress-due-to-adverse-childhood-experiences
#16
Linda D Cameron, Paul Carroll, W Kyle Hamilton
This phase II trial evaluated psychosocial and health outcomes of an intervention designed to improve emotion regulation skills in adults suffering from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). The study utilized a pretest-posttest design in which 92 adults enrolled in the community-based program completed pretest measures, attended either a faith-based or secular version of the 12-week ACE Overcomers program, and then completed posttest measures. The theory-guided program involved group sessions providing education and skills training to improve emotion regulation, self-awareness, resilience, and social functioning...
March 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519209/adaptation-resilience-and-secure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-young-south-african-female-students-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-childhood
#17
Katherine Bain, Carla Durbach
Much research details the psychological risks to individuals exposed as children to intimate partner violence (IPV). However, resilience has been a neglected area of study within this population. This article details adaptive responses in six participants exposed to IPV in childhood. Adult attachment interviews (AAI) and follow-up semi-structured interviews analyzed using an interpretive thematic analysis revealed common themes relating to psychological defenses and adaptive strategies. Despite exposure to IPV in childhood, these six women were found to have secure attachment states of mind...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518230/effectiveness-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-increasing-resilience-and-reducing-attrition-of-injured-us-navy-recruits
#18
Christopher J Udell, Julie L Ruddy, Philip M Procento
Introduction: US Navy recruits who have injuries preventing them from participating in intense physical conditioning are pulled out of boot camp training and receive treatment that includes daily physical therapy, pain medications, and psychoeducational groups. Graduation from boot camp for these recruits requires not only recovering from their injuries but also passing a required Physical Fitness Assessment consisting of a timed 1.5-mile run, curl-ups, and push-ups. About 50-60% of these recruits will eventually be separated out and sent home...
March 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517372/living-through-unsuccessful-conception-attempts-a-grounded-theory-of-resilience-among-women-undergoing-fertility-treatment
#19
Anna Bailey, Helen Ellis-Caird, Carla Croft
OBJECTIVE: To provide a model of resilience among women undergoing fertility treatments, who experience repeated unsuccessful conception attempts. BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive treatment is emotionally and physically challenging. Women undergoing such treatments report experiencing high levels of anxiety and depression. There continues to be a lack of understanding of the process women go through to adapt to the challenges associated with fertility treatment, in order to continue to pursue their goal of pregnancy...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509890/long-term-outcome-of-a-mental-health-promotion-program-in-germany
#20
Lisa Lyssenko, Gerhard Müller, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Christian Schmahl, Mathias Berger, Georg Eifert, Alexander Kölle, Siegmar Nesch, Jutta Ommer-Hohl, Michael Wenner, Martin Bohus
Mental health promotion programs (MHP) seek to reduce sub-syndromal symptoms of mental distress and enhance positive mental health. This study evaluates the long-term effects of a mindfulness-based MHP program ('Life Balance') provided by health coaches in a multi-site field setting on mental distress, satisfaction with life and resilience. Using a controlled design, propensity score matching was used to select a control group for participants of the MHP. The total study sample (N = 3624) comprised 83% women, with a mean age of 50 years...
March 2, 2018: Health Promotion International
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