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pyogenic liver abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633639/fusobacterial-liver-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Dilip Jayasimhan, Linus Wu, Paul Huggan
BACKGROUND: Fusobacteriae are facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacilli which cause a range of invasive infections, amongst which pyogenic liver abscesses are rare. We describe a case of Fusobacterium nucleatum liver abscess and review the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old lady presented with a 4-day history of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, rigors, and lethargy. Imaging revealed an abscess which was drained. Cultures of the blood and abscess aspirate grew Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella pleuritidis respectively...
June 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632826/-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-children-clinical-experience-in-a-pediatric-reference-center
#2
Carolina Carballo, Claudia Cazes, Mariana Matsuda, M Laura Praino, Noemí Rivas, Eduardo López
INTRODUCTION: Liver abscess is a serious and an uncommon pediatric disease. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: Description of 20 pediatric patients with liver abscess admitted in "Ricardo Gutierrez" Children's Hospital, a Tertiary Reference Center of Buenos Aires, between 2009 and 2015. RESULTS: The hospitalization rate was 35/100.000 admissions. Median age was 5 years old, male/female ratio 4/1. Five patients (25%) had predisposing factors. Median days at diagnosis were 12...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570670/pneumonia-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#3
Sai-Wai Ho, Chao-Bin Yeh, Shun-Fa Yang, Han-Wei Yeh, Jing-Yang Huang, Ying-Hock Teng
BACKGROUND: Bacteremic pneumonia is considered a potential cause of distal organ abscess formation. Therefore, we hypothesize that pneumonia is a risk factor for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA).The aim of this study is to explore the association between pneumonia and PLA. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A nationwide, population-based, nested, case-control study was conducted using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. In total, 494 patients with PLA and 1,976 propensity score matched controls were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557369/medical-mishap-as-a-cause-of-non-resolving-pneumonia
#4
Yazeed Toukan, Michal Gur, Vered Nir, Lea Bentur
A 15-year old boy was referred for evaluation of fever, productive cough, and recurrent/persistent right lower lobe (RLL) pneumonia of 1-month duration. Chest computed tomography scan showed RLL consolidation, with minimal pleural effusion and a liver abscess with sharp borders, containing a solid calcification in the lower portion. History revealed acute appendicitis with laparoscopic appendectomy 6 months prior to presentation, during which a fecalith dropped to the peritoneal cavity. Following laparoscopically guided drainage of the abscess the patient improved...
May 30, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522912/recent-upper-gastrointestinal-panendoscopy-increases-the-risk-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#5
Ming-Jen Tsai, Chin-Li Lu, Ying C Huang, Chung Hsien Liu, Wan-Ting Huang, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen
AIM: To investigate the association between a recent gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and the subsequent risk of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). METHODS: We designed a nested case control study. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 2135 patients with a first diagnosis of PLA were identified from 1998 to 2011. Another 10675 patients without PLA matched by age and sex were selected as reference controls. We identified and compared the possible risk factors for PLA and GI endoscopies performed before the index date (when PLA was diagnosed) between the two cohorts...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504550/liver-abscesses-factors-that-influence-outcome-of-percutaneous-drainage
#6
Steffen J Haider, Massimo Tarulli, Nancy J McNulty, Eric K Hoffer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the details of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) of pyogenic liver abscesses, the etiologic factors, and the management techniques that contribute to successful treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 75 consecutively registered patients who underwent PCD of 96 abscesses at a single institution between May 2009 and May 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-nine patients (52%) were oncology patients, and 36 (48%) had recently undergone abdominal surgery...
May 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493939/inhibition-of-nitric-oxide-production-reverses-diabetes-induced-kupffer-cell-activation-and-klebsiella-pneumonia-liver-translocation
#7
Shu-Han Lin, Pei-Hsuan Chung, Ying-Ying Wu, Chang-Phone Fung, Ching-Mei Hsu, Lee-Wei Chen
Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) is the most common pathogen of pyogenic liver abscess in East and Southeast Asia and diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor. The effect and mechanism of diabetes on KP liver abscess was examined in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and Akita mice (C57BL/6J-Ins2Akita). KP translocation to liver and plasma alaine transaminase levels were increased and liver clearance of KP was decreased in DM mice. Diabetic mice exhibited overgrowth of Enterococcus as well as E.coli and decreased lactobacilli/bifidas growth in intestine, increased intestinal iNOS protein and nitrite levels in portal vein, and increased IL-1β and TNF-α expression of Kupffer cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434021/correlation-between-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-risk-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#8
Hsien-Feng Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao, Ching-Mei Chang, Cheng-Li Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the relationship between proton pump inhibitors use and pyogenic liver abscess. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between proton pump inhibitors use and pyogenic liver abscess in Taiwan. METHODS: This was a population-based case-control study using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program since 2000 to 2011. Subjects aged 20 to 84 who experienced their first episode of pyogenic liver abscess were enrolled as the case group (n = 1372)...
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395584/pyogenic-liver-abscess-with-atypical-microbiology-during-pregnancy-a-case-report
#9
Yaniv Zipori, Howard Berger, Errol Colak, Michael Geary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317637/pyogenic-liver-abscess-due-to-fusobacterium-nucleatum-in-a-patient-with-liver-hemangiomas
#10
Theodoros Karantanos, Styliani Karanika, Kenechukwu Obiokoye, Meg Sullivan, Christine Phillips, Sonia Ananthakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285868/more-than-meets-the-eye-klebsiella-pneumoniae-invasive-liver-abscess-syndrome-presenting-with-endophthalmitis
#11
Jan Van Keer, Karel Van Keer, Joachim Van Calster, Inge Derdelinckx
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis is a feared complication of pyogenic liver abscesses caused by hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strains. First described in East Asia in the 1980s, this invasive syndrome is only recently emerging in Europe and America. CASE REPORT: We describe an 84-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with fever, orbital cellulitis, and bilateral visual loss. Although the patient had no overt abdominal symptoms, computed tomography scan revealed a pyogenic liver abscess...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278560/hepatogastric-fistula-as-a-rare-complication-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#12
Kyu Won Lee, Hee Yeon Kim, Chang Wook Kim, Young Ki Kim, Ohbeom Kwon, Min Ah Kim, Youngyun Cho, Keungmo Yang
Hepatogastric fistula following a pyogenic liver abscess is extremely rare, and only a handful of cases have been reported. An 88-year-old female presented with generalized weakness, fever and chills. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a 5cm-sized hypodense lesion with internal septa in the left lateral section of the liver. Due to initial suspicion of early liver abscess, she was treated with empirical intravenous antibiotics. Initially, aspiration or drainage of the liver abscess was not performed due to immature lesion characteristics...
March 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275025/hepatocolic-fistula-a-rare-presentation-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#13
Aeden Bernice G Timbol, Karen Anjela M Mondragon, Virgilio P Banez
A 58-year-old man was admitted due to a 4-month history of colicky right upper quadrant pain, intermittent fever, anorexia and weight loss. A contrast-enhanced CT scan of the abdomen showed an encapsulated, peripherally enhancing focus occupying the right liver lobe exhibiting capsular rupture and extension to the walls of the hepatic flexure. He immediately underwent emergency ultrasound-guided percutaneous catheter drainage and cultures of the purulent fluid later revealed Escherichia coli A colonoscopy was then performed which showed a pinpoint opening with draining pus at the hepatic flexure...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273396/statin-use-correlates-with-reduced-risk-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-population-based-case-control-study
#14
Kuan-Fu Liao, Kao-Chi Cheng, Cheng-Li Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
Little research is available on the relationship between statin use and pyogenic liver abscess. The objective of the study was to determine whether prior use of statins is associated with pyogenic liver abscess. This case-control study was conducted to analyse the claim data of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. There were 1828 participants aged 20-84 years with first episode of pyogenic liver abscess from 2000 to 2013 as the cases and 1828 randomly selected participants without pyogenic liver abscess matched with sex, age and index year as the controls...
March 8, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271377/solid-organ-infections-rare-complications-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-report-of-four-cases
#15
Mohammed Hamdy Abdelhady, Asaad Fayrouz Salama, Mohsen Karam, Moataz Bashah
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity for the treatment of morbid obesity. It is a simple, low-cost procedure resulting in significant weight loss within a short period of time. LSG is a safe procedure with a low complication rate. The most significant complications are staple-line bleeding, stricture, and staple-line leak. Formation of liver and splenic abscesses is an extremely rare consequence of LSG. Liver abscess has been reported in one case report while splenic abscess has been reported in five case reports after LSG...
March 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270040/predictors-of-septic-shock-in-initially-stable-patients-with-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#16
Hyunyoung Cho, Eu Sun Lee, Yoon-Seon Lee, Youn-Jung Kim, Chang Hwan Sohn, Shin Ahn, Dong-Woo Seo, Jae Ho Lee, Won Young Kim, Kyung Soo Lim
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA), a life-threatening condition, is increasing worldwide. This study was designed to evaluate clinical features and outcomes in initially stable patients with PLA and to determine the predictors of septic shock. METHODS: The medical records of all adult patients who were hemodynamically stable and diagnosed with PLA in the emergency department from January 2010 to December 2014, inclusive, were reviewed. The primary outcome was septic shock...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239084/a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-concomitant-with-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-the-patient-with-subtotal-gastrectomy
#17
Dong Hee Park, Nae Yun Heo, Heon Sa-Kong, Na Ri Jeong, Su Jin Jeong, Sung Jin Oh, Kyung Han Nam
The hematogenous spreading of an infectious pathogen via the portal vein from a mucosal injury in the gastrointestinal tract has been considered as one of the pathologic mechanisms of pyogenic liver abscess. Several studies have presented the association between colorectal cancer and pyogenic liver abscess. However, the cases of stomach cancer concomitant with pyogenic liver abscess have rarely been reported in the world. Herein, we present a case of advanced gastric cancer concomitant with pyogenic liver abscess in a patient who previously underwent subtotal gastrectomy due to peptic ulcer perforation...
February 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217619/diagnostic-difficulty-of-liver-lesion
#18
Jayabal Pandiaraja
Liver abscess is mostly either pyogenic or amebic. Fungal and mycobacterial liver abscesses are rare and mostly associated with immunosuppression. The occurrence of fungal liver abscess with hydatid cyst was never reported previously. This case created diagnostic difficulty, whether we are dealing with liver abscess or hydatid cyst. Sometimes, it may be possible that concurrent occurrence of hydatid cyst with liver abscess or hydatid cyst become infected and mimic like liver abscess.
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203549/microbiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-hypermucoviscous-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-associated-with-invasive-infections-in-china
#19
Yinjuan Guo, Shanshan Wang, Lingling Zhan, Ye Jin, Jingjing Duan, Zhihao Hao, Jingnan Lv, Xiuqin Qi, Liang Chen, Barry N Kreiswirth, Liangxing Wang, Fangyou Yu
A distinctive syndrome caused by hypermucoviscous Klebsiella pneumoniae (HMKP) including pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is now becoming a globally emerging disease. In the present study, 22.8% (84/369) of K. pneumoniae clinical isolates associated with various types of invasive infections were identified as HMKP, with 45.2% associated with PLA. Multivariate regression analysis showed that male patients with 41-50 years, PLA, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension were independent risk factors for HMKP infections...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191374/klebsiella-pneumoniae-liver-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Faisal Kamal, George Williams, Hina Akbar, Muhammad Ali Khan, Dipen Kadaria
Klebsiella pneumoniae (K.pneumoniae) is a known cause of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in the absence of hepatobiliary disease. In settings of hepatic infection, it has also been known to cause disseminated infections including meningitis and endopthalmitis. Several groups of patients are particularly susceptible to infection, including patients with diabetes mellitus, those from Southeast Asia and those with the preexisting hepatobiliary disease. We present a case of K.pneumoniae PLA with bacteremia. A 39-year-old Vietnamese male with no previous medical history who presented with complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and fever...
January 10, 2017: Curēus
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