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Cochrane Collaboration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139105/preoperative-medical-therapy-before-surgery-for-uterine-fibroids
#1
REVIEW
Anne Lethaby, Lucian Puscasiu, Beverley Vollenhoven
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids occur in up to 40% of women aged over 35 years. Some are asymptomatic, but up to 50% cause symptoms that warrant therapy. Symptoms include anaemia caused by heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, dysmenorrhoea, infertility and low quality of life. Surgery is the first choice of treatment. In recent years, medical therapies have been used before surgery to improve intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. However, such therapies tend to be expensive.Fibroid growth is stimulated by oestrogen...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138644/acupotomy-therapy-for-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Fushui Liu, Fanyuan Zhou, Meimei Zhao, Ting Fang, Mei Chen, Xiaojun Yan
Objective: This review is to assess the efficacy and safety of acupotomy therapy in chronic nonspecific neck pain. Methods: We searched six computerised databases. Randomized controlled trials incorporating acupotomy therapy alone or combined with other conventional treatments for chronic nonspecific neck pain were included. Two reviewers screened each literature and extracted data independently according to Cochrane Reviews' Handbook (5.1). The Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137163/association-between-small-fetuses-and-puberty-timing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Xu Deng, Wenyan Li, Yan Luo, Shudan Liu, Yi Wen, Qin Liu
Background: Epidemiological studies reporting the effect of small fetuses (SF) on puberty development have shown inconsistent results. Objective: To examine current study evidence and determine the strength and direction of the association between SF and puberty timing. Methods: PubMed, OVID, Web of Science, EBSCO, and four Chinese databases were searched from their date of inception to February 2016. All cohort studies that examined the association between SF and puberty timing in children were identified...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135950/establishing-smoke-free-homes-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-australia-new-zealand-canada-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Leah Stevenson, Sandy Campbell, India Bohanna, Gillian S Gould, Jan Robertson, Alan R Clough
A smoke-free home can have multiple benefits by reducing exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS), supporting quit attempts among active smokers, and discouraging adolescents from taking up smoking. The aim of this review was to summarize the literature on the establishment of smoke-free homes in Indigenous populations and identify the supporting influences and barriers, using the Social Cognitive Theory lens. A search of the Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration and PyscINFO databases and manual searches of relevant peer-reviewed literature was completed, focusing on Indigenous populations in developed economies of North America and Oceania...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132353/the-effectiveness-of-community-based-coordinating-interventions-in-dementia-care-a-meta-analysis-and-subgroup-analysis-of-intervention-components
#5
Amy Backhouse, Obioha C Ukoumunne, David A Richards, Rose McCabe, Ross Watkins, Chris Dickens
BACKGROUND: Interventions aiming to coordinate services for the community-based dementia population vary in components, organisation and implementation. In this review we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of community-based care coordinating interventions on health outcomes and investigate whether specific components of interventions influence their effects. METHODS: We searched four databases from inception to April 2017: Medline, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE and PsycINFO...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131895/association-of-blood-pressure-lowering-with-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-across-blood-pressure-levels-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Mattias Brunström, Bo Carlberg
Importance: High blood pressure (BP) is the most important risk factor for death and cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide. The optimal cutoff for treatment of high BP is debated. Objective: To assess the association between BP lowering treatment and death and CVD at different BP levels. Data Sources: Previous systematic reviews were identified from PubMed, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effect...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130235/-a-meta-analysis-on-risk-factors-of-postoperative-perineal-wound-complications-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#7
Senqi Lu, Xiaofeng Chang, Xiaodong Yang, Decai Yu, Qigen Huang, Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of postoperative perineal wound complications after abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: The databases of Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Ovid, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, VIP and WANFANG were searched for the studies of abdominoperineal resection up to October 2016. The quality of the included studies was assessed by using "Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias" and "the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale"...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128952/effects-of-acupuncture-on-cancer-related-fatigue-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Yan Zhang, Lu Lin, Huiling Li, Yan Hu, Li Tian
PURPOSE: This study was designed to critically evaluate the effect of acupuncture on cancer-related fatigue (CRF). METHODS: Seven databases (Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, and CNKI) were systematically reviewed from inception to November 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two reviewers critically and independently assessed the risk of bias using Cochrane Collaboration criteria and extracted correlated data using the designed form...
November 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126600/effect-of-treatment-delay-on-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-antifibrinolytics-in-acute-severe-haemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-level-data-from-40%C3%A2-138-bleeding-patients
#9
Angèle Gayet-Ageron, David Prieto-Merino, Katharine Ker, Haleema Shakur, François-Xavier Ageron, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytics reduce death from bleeding in trauma and post-partum haemorrhage. We examined the effect of treatment delay on the effectiveness of antifibrinolytics. METHODS: We did an individual patient-level data meta-analysis of randomised trials done with more than 1000 patients that assessed antifibrinolytics in acute severe bleeding. We identified trials done between Jan 1, 1946, and April 7, 2017, from MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, PubMed, Popline, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform...
November 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126109/do-prospective-payment-systems-ppss-lead-to-desirable-providers-incentives-and-patients-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-developing-countries
#10
Si Ying Tan, G J Melendez-Torres
The reform of provider payment systems, from retrospective to prospective payment, has been heralded as the right move to contain costs in the light of rising health expenditures in many countries. However, there are concerns on quality trade-off. The heightened attention given to prospective payment system (PPS) reforms and the rise of empirical evidence regarding PPS interventions among developing countries suggest that a systematic review is necessary to understand the effects of PPS reforms in developing countries...
November 6, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125324/communication-training-interventions-for-family-and-professional-carers-of-people-living-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-effectiveness-acceptability-and-conceptual-basis
#11
L Morris, M Horne, P McEvoy, T Williamson
OBJECTIVES: To update previous reviews and provide a more detailed overview of the effectiveness, acceptability and conceptual basis of communication training-interventions for carers of people living with dementia. METHOD: We searched CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE and PsycINFO using a specific search and extraction protocol, and PRISMA guidelines. Two authors conducted searches and extracted studies that reported effectiveness, efficacy or acceptability data regarding a communication training-intervention for carers of people living with dementia...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123405/contrast-media-induced-nephropathy-how-has-italy-contributed-in-the-past-30-years-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Maurizio Sessa, Claudia Rossi, Annamaria Mascolo, Cristina Scavone, Gabriella di Mauro, Roberto Grassi, Liberata Sportiello, Salvatore Cappabianca, Concetta Rafaniello
Background and objective: The use of contrast media in Italy has exponentially increased in the past 3 decades. However, it is unknown whether there has been an increase in clinical research evaluating the risks associated with contrast media usage, especially regarding contrast-induced nephropathy. To fill this gap in knowledge, we performed a systematic review. Study eligibility criteria: Meta-analyses, observational studies, and clinical trials assessing contrast media-induced nephropathy as the safety outcome, in which at least one author was affiliated with an Italian university/health care structure, were eligble...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122414/the-effect-of-hydration-on-voice-quality-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Maxine Alves, Esedra Krüger, Bhavani Pillay, Kristiane van Lierde, Jeannie van der Linde
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to critically appraise scientific, peer-reviewed articles, published in the past 10 years on the effects of hydration on voice quality in adults. STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review. METHODS: Five databases were searched using the key words "vocal fold hydration", "voice quality", "vocal fold dehydration", and "hygienic voice therapy". The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122267/effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercises-on-the-rehabilitation-of-limb-function-among-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Li Ge, Qing-Xiang Zheng, Yan-Tan Liao, Jing-Yu Tan, Qiu-Lin Xie, Mikael Rask
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review literature about the rehabilitative effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on limb function among patients with stroke. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Twelve electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2017, including PudMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBase, Science Direct, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and WanFang Data...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122248/effects-of-qigong-on-symptom-management-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Dau Van Vu, Alex Molassiotis, Shirley Siu Yin Ching, Tung Thanh Le
PURPOSE: Qigong as a complementary and alternative therapy is often used by cancer patients for symptom management. The aim of this systematic review is to critically evaluate the effectiveness of Qigong on symptom management among cancer patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the following databases from their inception through May 2016: Cochrane Library, PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PEDRO. All controlled clinical trials of Qigong among cancer patients were included...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109079/a-three-talk-model-for-shared-decision-making-multistage-consultation-process
#16
Glyn Elwyn, Marie Anne Durand, Julia Song, Johanna Aarts, Paul J Barr, Zackary Berger, Nan Cochran, Dominick Frosch, Dariusz Galasiński, Pål Gulbrandsen, Paul K J Han, Martin Härter, Paul Kinnersley, Amy Lloyd, Manish Mishra, Lilisbeth Perestelo-Perez, Isabelle Scholl, Kounosuke Tomori, Lyndal Trevena, Holly O Witteman, Trudy Van der Weijden
Objectives To revise an existing three-talk model for learning how to achieve shared decision making, and to consult with relevant stakeholders to update and obtain wider engagement.Design Multistage consultation process.Setting Key informant group, communities of interest, and survey of clinical specialties.Participants 19 key informants, 153 member responses from multiple communities of interest, and 316 responses to an online survey from medically qualified clinicians from six specialties.Results After extended consultation over three iterations, we revised the three-talk model by making changes to one talk category, adding the need to elicit patient goals, providing a clear set of tasks for each talk category, and adding suggested scripts to illustrate each step...
November 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107339/comorbidities-in-rosacea-a-systematic-review-and-update
#17
REVIEW
Roger Haber, Maria El Gemayel
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is linked to abnormalities of cutaneous vasculature and dysregulation of the inflammatory response. Recent reports on rosacea have shown a significant association with cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and psychiatric diseases, all of which may affect morbidity and mortality among these patients. OBJECTIVE: To review available data regarding comorbidities associated with rosacea, discuss their pathogenesis, and highlight the evaluation of affected patients...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107259/temporary-perioperative-tobacco-cessation-a-literature-review
#18
Carol A Devlin, Suzanne C Smeltzer
Perioperative tobacco cessation decreases rates of surgical complications associated with the use of tobacco. The link between patient outcomes and reimbursement to health care providers and systems is another important motivating factor supporting temporary pre- and postoperative tobacco cessation to improve surgical patient outcomes. The optimal time frame for tobacco cessation to improve surgical outcomes has not been definitively established. We examined the literature from June 1989 to July 2017 regarding various tobacco cessation time frames for perioperative patients, searching MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), the Cochrane Collaboration, and various online-only journals accessed through Google Scholar...
November 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107176/the-effects-of-multi-component-weight-management-interventions-on-weight-loss-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Leanne Harris, Craig Melville, Heather Murray, Catherine Hankey
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities have been shown to experience higher rates of obesity in comparison to the general population. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of randomised controlled trials of multi-component weight management interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities and overweight/obesity. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A systematic search of six electronic databases was conducted from database inception to January 2016...
October 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103914/what-effect-does-regular-exercise-have-on-oxidative-stress-in-people-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#20
REVIEW
Nora Shields, Jenny Downs, Judy B de Haan, Nicholas F Taylor, Jennifer Torr, Bo Fernhall, Michael Kingsley, George Mnatzaganian, Helen Leonard
OBJECTIVE: What effect does regular exercise have on oxidative stress in people with Down syndrome? DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analyses. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analyses was conducted. Six databases were searched from inception until August 2017. Studies where included if participants with Down syndrome (any age) had completed an exercise program of at least 6 weeks duration and at least one biomarker measured the generation or removal of reactive oxidative species...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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