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Cochrane Collaboration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351759/tracheal-intubation-in-critically-ill-patients-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials
#1
Luca Cabrini, Giovanni Landoni, Martina Baiardo Radaelli, Omar Saleh, Carmine D Votta, Evgeny Fominskiy, Alessandro Putzu, Cézar Daniel Snak de Souza, Massimo Antonelli, Rinaldo Bellomo, Paolo Pelosi, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled studies evaluating any drug, technique or device aimed at improving the success rate or safety of tracheal intubation in the critically ill. METHODS: We searched PubMed, BioMed Central, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials and references of retrieved articles. Finally, pertinent reviews were also scanned to detect further studies until May 2017. The following inclusion criteria were considered: tracheal intubation in adult critically ill patients; randomized controlled trial; study performed in Intensive Care Unit, Emergency Department or ordinary ward; and work published in the last 20 years...
January 20, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350322/do-telehealth-interventions-improve-oral-anticoagulation-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Munil Lee, Mei Wang, Jiayu Liu, Anne Holbrook
The benefits and harms of telehealth interventions compared to usual care for oral anticoagulation management are unclear. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess their impact on clinically important outcomes. A search was conducted through MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases, and the retrieved citations were independently screened and extracted by two review authors. Cochrane Collaboration-recommended tools were used to assess for risk of bias. Co-primary outcomes were major bleeding and major thromboembolic events...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348112/comparing-short-dental-implants-to-standard-dental-implants-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#3
Amir Reza Rokn, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Monzavi, Kazem Hashemi, Tahereh Bitaraf
BACKGROUND: Short dental implants have been proposed as a simpler, cheaper, and faster alternative for the rehabilitation of atrophic edentulous areas to avoid the disadvantages of surgical techniques for increasing bone volume. OBJECTIVE: This review will compare short implants (4 to 8 mm) to standard implants (larger than 8 mm) in edentulous jaws, evaluating on the basis of marginal bone loss (MBL), survival rate, complications, and prosthesis failure. METHODS: We will electronically search for randomized controlled trials comparing short dental implants to standard dental implants in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347995/index-of-the-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-industry-clinical-study-programmes-and-non-industry-funded-studies-a-necessary-basis-to-address-reporting-bias-in-a-systematic-review
#4
Lars Jørgensen, Peter C Gøtzsche, Tom Jefferson
BACKGROUND: Unabridged access to drug industry and regulatory trial registers and data reduces reporting bias in systematic reviews and may provide a complete index of a drug's clinical study programme. Currently, there is no public index of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine industry study programmes or a public index of non-industry funded studies. METHODS: By cross-verification via study programme enquiries to the HPV vaccine manufacturers and regulators and searches of trial registers and journal publication databases, we indexed clinical HPV vaccine studies as a basis to address reporting bias in a systematic review of clinical study reports...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346146/use-of-oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-collagen-matrix-in-chronic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-systematic-review
#5
Gisele Chicone, Viviane Fernandes de Carvalho, André Oliveira Paggiaro
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic wounds that do not heal completely usually exhibit inflammatory markers, increased protease activity, and reduced levels of growth factors and cell count. A systematic review was performed to determine whether there is enough evidence to support the use of an oxidized regenerated cellulose/collagen matrix (ORC+C) to treat diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHODS: Study authors analyzed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on ORC+C dressings for the treatment of DFUs...
February 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345027/does-flavoured-dentifrice-increase-fluoride-intake-compared-with-regular-toothpaste-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Thiago Isidro Vieira, Adrielle Mangabeira, Adílis Kalina Alexandria, Daniele Masterson T P Ferreira, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Ana Maria Gondim Valença, Lucianne Cople Maia
BACKGROUND: Toothpaste manufacturers encourage through aggressive marketing strategies the overconsumption of fluoridated dentifrices. There are conflicting results regarding fluoride intake from toothpastes in children. AIM: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether dentifrice flavour increases fluoride ingestion by children. DESIGN: We included clinical trials on children that evaluated the use of flavoured dentifrice - FD vs regular dentifrice - RD to identify the fluoride intake...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341718/search-for-invisible-decays-of-a-dark-photon-produced-in-e-e-collisions-at-babar
#7
J P Lees, V Poireau, V Tisserand, E Grauges, A Palano, G Eigen, D N Brown, M Derdzinski, A Giuffrida, Yu G Kolomensky, M Fritsch, H Koch, T Schroeder, C Hearty, T S Mattison, J A McKenna, R Y So, V E Blinov, A R Buzykaev, V P Druzhinin, V B Golubev, E A Kravchenko, A P Onuchin, S I Serednyakov, Yu I Skovpen, E P Solodov, K Yu Todyshev, A J Lankford, J W Gary, O Long, A M Eisner, W S Lockman, W Panduro Vazquez, D S Chao, C H Cheng, B Echenard, K T Flood, D G Hitlin, J Kim, T S Miyashita, P Ongmongkolkul, F C Porter, M Röhrken, Z Huard, B T Meadows, B G Pushpawela, M D Sokoloff, L Sun, J G Smith, S R Wagner, D Bernard, M Verderi, D Bettoni, C Bozzi, R Calabrese, G Cibinetto, E Fioravanti, I Garzia, E Luppi, V Santoro, A Calcaterra, R de Sangro, G Finocchiaro, S Martellotti, P Patteri, I M Peruzzi, M Piccolo, M Rotondo, A Zallo, S Passaggio, C Patrignani, H M Lacker, B Bhuyan, U Mallik, C Chen, J Cochran, S Prell, H Ahmed, A V Gritsan, N Arnaud, M Davier, F Le Diberder, A M Lutz, G Wormser, D J Lange, D M Wright, J P Coleman, E Gabathuler, D E Hutchcroft, D J Payne, C Touramanis, A J Bevan, F Di Lodovico, R Sacco, G Cowan, Sw Banerjee, D N Brown, C L Davis, A G Denig, W Gradl, K Griessinger, A Hafner, K R Schubert, R J Barlow, G D Lafferty, R Cenci, A Jawahery, D A Roberts, R Cowan, S H Robertson, B Dey, N Neri, F Palombo, R Cheaib, L Cremaldi, R Godang, D J Summers, P Taras, G De Nardo, C Sciacca, G Raven, C P Jessop, J M LoSecco, K Honscheid, R Kass, A Gaz, M Margoni, M Posocco, G Simi, F Simonetto, R Stroili, S Akar, E Ben-Haim, M Bomben, G R Bonneaud, G Calderini, J Chauveau, G Marchiori, J Ocariz, M Biasini, E Manoni, A Rossi, G Batignani, S Bettarini, M Carpinelli, G Casarosa, M Chrzaszcz, F Forti, M A Giorgi, A Lusiani, B Oberhof, E Paoloni, M Rama, G Rizzo, J J Walsh, A J S Smith, F Anulli, R Faccini, F Ferrarotto, F Ferroni, A Pilloni, G Piredda, C Bünger, S Dittrich, O Grünberg, M Heß, T Leddig, C Voß, R Waldi, T Adye, F F Wilson, S Emery, G Vasseur, D Aston, C Cartaro, M R Convery, J Dorfan, W Dunwoodie, M Ebert, R C Field, B G Fulsom, M T Graham, C Hast, W R Innes, P Kim, D W G S Leith, S Luitz, D B MacFarlane, D R Muller, H Neal, B N Ratcliff, A Roodman, M K Sullivan, J Va'vra, W J Wisniewski, M V Purohit, J R Wilson, A Randle-Conde, S J Sekula, M Bellis, P R Burchat, E M T Puccio, M S Alam, J A Ernst, R Gorodeisky, N Guttman, D R Peimer, A Soffer, S M Spanier, J L Ritchie, R F Schwitters, J M Izen, X C Lou, F Bianchi, F De Mori, A Filippi, D Gamba, L Lanceri, L Vitale, F Martinez-Vidal, A Oyanguren, J Albert, A Beaulieu, F U Bernlochner, G J King, R Kowalewski, T Lueck, I M Nugent, J M Roney, R J Sobie, N Tasneem, T J Gershon, P F Harrison, T E Latham, R Prepost, S L Wu
We search for single-photon events in 53  fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-Factory. We look for events with a single high-energy photon and a large missing momentum and energy, consistent with production of a spin-1 particle A^{'} through the process e^{+}e^{-}→γA^{'}; A^{'}→invisible. Such particles, referred to as "dark photons," are motivated by theories applying a U(1) gauge symmetry to dark matter. We find no evidence for such processes and set 90% confidence level upper limits on the coupling strength of A^{'} to e^{+}e^{-} in the mass range m_{A^{'}}≤8  GeV...
September 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340938/pharmacologic-treatment-of-hypertensive-urgency-in-the-outpatient-setting-a-systematic-review
#8
Claudia L Campos, Charles T Herring, Asima N Ali, Deanna N Jones, James L Wofford, Augustus L Caine, Robert L Bloomfield, Janine Tillett, Karen S Oles
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive urgency (HU), defined as acute severe uncontrolled hypertension without end-organ damage, is a common condition. Despite its association with long-term morbidity and mortality, guidance regarding immediate management is sparse. Our objective was to summarize the evidence examining the effects of antihypertensive medications to treat. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Embase through May 2016...
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333508/role-of-cytoreductive-nephrectomy-in-the-targeted-therapy-era-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Herney A García-Perdomo, James A Zapata-Copete, Diego F Castillo-Cobaleda
Purpose: To determine the effectiveness and harm of cytoreductive nephrectomy versus no intervention in patients with metastatic renal carcinoma who undergo targeted therapy to improve overall survival. Materials and Methods: A search strategy was conducted in the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Embase, HTA, DARE, NHS, and LILACS databases. Searches were also conducted for unpublished literature through references from relevant articles identified through the search, conferences, thesis databases, OpenGrey, Google Scholar, and clinicaltrials...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328888/posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-transtibial-or-tibial-inlay-techniques-a-meta-analysis-of-biomechanical-and-clinical-outcomes
#10
Dong-Yeong Lee, Dong-Hee Kim, Hyun-Jung Kim, Hyeong-Sik Ahn, Tae-Ho Lee, Sun-Chul Hwang
BACKGROUND: Transtibial (TT) or tibial inlay (TI) techniques are commonly used for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (PCLR). However, the optimum method for PCLR after PCL injury remains debatable. Hypothesis/Purpose: The hypothesis was that TT and TI techniques would not show significant differences for all outcome measures. The purpose was to determine the biomechanical and clinical outcomes of TT and TI surgical techniques for PCLR. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 3...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327247/comparing-different-modalities-for-the-diagnosis-of-incisional-hernia-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
L F Kroese, D Sneiders, G J Kleinrensink, F Muysoms, J F Lange
PURPOSE: Incisional hernia (IH) is the most frequent complication after abdominal surgery. The diagnostic modality, observer, definition, and diagnostic protocol used for the diagnosis of IH potentially influence the reported prevalence. The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of different modalities used to identify IH. METHODS: Embase, MEDLINE OvidSP, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases were searched to identify studies diagnosing IH...
January 11, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326009/is-there-sufficient-evidence-to-repeal-three-decades-of-clinical-research-on-chronic-hepatitis-c
#12
Giuseppe Ippolito, Alimuddin Zumla, Simone Lanini
The Cochrane Collaboration has published a systematic review about the treatment chronic hepatitis C (CHC) with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) concluding that there is no evidence either to confirm or to reject the premise that DAAs have any clinical effects and they also state that sustained virological response is an unreliable surrogate marker to assess clinical efficacy. Here we discuss the implication of the Cochrane Collaboration review at the light of the current knowledge of CHC clinical management and propose a framework for the future research...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324740/dietary-intake-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#13
Mark Y Z Wong, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Preeti Gupta, Ling-Jun Li, Rob M van Dam, Mary F Chong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
INTRODUCTION: The evidence linking dietary intake with diabetic retinopathy (DR) is growing but unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the association between dietary intake and DR. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trials, for publications between January 1967 and January 2017 using standardized criteria for diet and DR. Interventional and observational studies investigating micro- and macro-nutrient intakes; food and beverage consumptions; and dietary patterns were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324621/immediate-delivery-compared-with-expectant-management-in-late-preterm-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#14
Johanna Quist-Nelson, Annemijn A de Ruigh, Anna Lene Seidler, David P van der Ham, Christine Willekes, Vincenzo Berghella, Eva Pajkrt, Jillian Patterson, David Espinoza, Jonathan Morris, Ben Mol, Lisa Askie
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of immediate delivery an expectant management among women whose pregnancies were complicated by preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) in the late preterm period (from 34 0/7 weeks until 36 6/7 weeks of gestation). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, ClinicalTrials.gov, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception until December 2016. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We included all randomized controlled trials with individual participant data reporting on late preterm PROM with randomization to immediate delivery or expectant management...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324070/does-implementation-of-biomathematical-models-mitigate-fatigue-and-fatigue-related-risks-in-emergency-medical-services-operations-a-systematic-review
#15
Francine O James, Lauren B Waggoner, Patricia M Weiss, P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Eddy S Lang, Hans P A Van Dongen
BACKGROUND: Work schedules like those of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel have been associated with increased risk of fatigue-related impairment. Biomathematical modeling is a means of objectively estimating the potential impacts of fatigue on performance, which may be used in the mitigation of fatigue-related safety risks. In the context of EMS operations, our objective was to assess the evidence in the literature regarding the effectiveness of using biomathematical models to help mitigate fatigue and fatigue-related risks...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319926/the-role-of-lymph-node-dissection-in-the-management-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Bimal Bhindi, Christopher J D Wallis, Stephen A Boorjian, R Houston Thompson, Ann Farrell, Simon P Kim, Jose A Karam, Umberto Capitanio, Dragan Golijanin, Bradley C Leibovich, Boris Gershman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (LND) in non-metastatic (M0) and metastatic (M1) renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus from database inception to August 29, 2017 for studies of patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy for M0 or M1 RCC. Two investigators independently selected studies for inclusion. Risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, Cochrane Collaboration tool, and NHLBI Quality Assessment Tool...
January 10, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317673/the-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-iran-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#17
Sarwat Mahmud, Vajiheh Akbarzadeh, Laith J Abu-Raddad
The aim of this study was to characterize hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemiology in Iran and estimate the pooled mean HCV antibody prevalence in different risk populations. We systematically reviewed and synthesized reports of HCV incidence and/or prevalence, as informed by the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook, and reported our findings following the PRISMA guidelines. DerSimonian-Laird random effects meta-analyses were implemented to estimate HCV prevalence in various risk populations. We identified five HCV incidence and 472 HCV prevalence measures...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317127/low-dosing-of-gonadotropins-in-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-cycles-for-women-with-poor-ovarian-reserve-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah Youssef, Madelon van Wely, Monique Mochtar, Usama Mohamed Fouda, Ashraf Eldaly, Eman Zein El Abidin, Ahmed Elhalwagy, Ahmed Abdel Mageed Abdallah, Sherif Sameh Zaki, Mohamed Sayed Abdel Ghafar, Mohamed Nagi Mohesen, Fulco van der Veen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of low doses of gonadotropins and gonadotropins combined with oral compounds compared with high doses of gonadotropins in ovarian stimulation regimens in terms of ongoing pregnancy per fresh IVF attempt in women with poor ovarian reserve undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies that evaluate the effectiveness of low dosing of gonadotropins alone or combined with oral compounds compared with high doses of gonadotropins in women with poor ovarian reserve undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment...
January 6, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316979/the-association-between-mental-health-nursing-and-hospital-admissions-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#19
Matthew J Leach, Martin Jones, Dan Bressington, Fiona Nolan, Adrian Jones, Kuda Muyambi, Marianne Gillam, Richard Gray
BACKGROUND: Relapse in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) is a frequent occurrence and can add considerably to the burden of disease. As such, relapse prevention is an essential therapeutic outcome for people with SMI. Mental health nurses (MHNs) are well placed to support individuals with SMI and to prevent relapse; notwithstanding, there has been no synthesis of the evidence to date to determine whether MHNs prevent relapse in this population. METHODS: Electronic databases will be systemically searched for observational studies and clinical trials that report the association between mental health nursing and the hospitalisation of persons living with an SMI...
January 9, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313968/cochrane-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-impact-of-psychological-treatments-for-people-with-epilepsy-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#20
REVIEW
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Janelle L Wagner, Avani C Modi, W Curt LaFrance, Laura H Goldstein, Tobias Lundgren, Markus Reuber
OBJECTIVE: Given the significant impact epilepsy can have on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of individuals with this condition and their families, there is great clinical interest in evidence-based psychological treatments aimed at enhancing well-being in people with epilepsy (PWE). An evaluation of the current evidence is needed to assess the effects of psychological treatments for PWE on HRQoL outcomes to inform future therapeutic recommendations and research designs. METHODS: The operational definition of psychological treatments included a broad range of interventions that use psychological or behavioral techniques designed to improve HRQoL, psychiatric comorbidities, and seizure frequency and severity for adults and children with epilepsy...
January 3, 2018: Epilepsia
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