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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211819/improved-functions-and-reduced-length-of-stay-after-inpatient-rehabilitation-programs-in-older-adults-with-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal Vennu, Emad Moftah
BACKGROUND: to examine the effects of inpatient rehabilitation programs on function and length of stay in older adults with strokeMETHODS: A total of five electronic databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of inpatient rehabilitation programs on functional recovery, as measured by the functional independence measure and length of stay, which was measured in days. We included full-text articles written in English, and no time limit. The methodological quality and risk of bias were assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database Scale and the Cochrane collaboration tools respectively...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207523/pharmacological-and-psychotherapeutic-interventions-for-management-of-poststroke-depression-a-bayesian-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Xuejun Sun, Linghui Deng, Shi Qiu, Xiang Tu, Deren Wang, Ming Liu
INTRODUCTION: Poststroke depression (PSD) constitutes an important complication of stroke, leading to great disability as well as increased mortality. Since which treatment for PSD should be preferred are still matters of controversy, we are aiming to compare and rank these pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will employ a network meta-analysis to incorporate both direct and indirect evidence from relevant trials. We will search PubMed, the Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, and the reference lists of relevant articles for randomized controlled trials (RCT) of different PSD treatment strategies...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203287/specific-immunotherapy-in-renal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Armin Hirbod-Mobarakeh, Hesam Addin Gordan, Zahra Zahiri, Mohammad Mirshahvalad, Sima Hosseinverdi, Brian I Rini, Nima Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Renal cell cancer (RCC) is the tenth most common malignancy in adults. In recent years, several approaches of active and passive immunotherapy have been studied extensively in clinical trials of patients with RCC. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the clinical efficacy of various approaches of specific immunotherapy in patients with RCC. METHODS: We searched Medline, Scopus, CENTRAL, TRIP, DART, OpenGrey and ProQuest without any language filter through to 9 October 2015...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202746/methodological-quality-of-studies-of-endstage-renal-disease-in-lupus-nephritis-1970-to-2015
#4
Maria G Tektonidou, Michael M Ward
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in methodological quality of studies of endstage renal disease risk in lupus nephritis, 1970-2015. METHODS: We assessed quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies, and the Cochrane Collaboration's risk-of-bias tool for trials. RESULTS: In observational studies, description of enrollment criteria was high but decreased over time. Adequacy of followup was low but improved. Inception cohorts and community-based studies were uncommon...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199409/effect-of-chinese-patent-medicine-si-mo-tang-oral-liquid-for-functional-dyspepsia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Yunxia Hu, Yu Bai, Zhiyun Hua, Jie Yang, Huahui Yang, Wenjun Chen, Junwei Xu, Zhiqiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Si-Mo-Tang oral liquid (SMT) has been widely used to treat functional dyspepsia (FD), but the effectiveness is still controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were performed to assess the efficacy and adverse effects of SMT for FD. METHODS: Investigators searched for articles with publication dates to June 21, 2016, from 9 English and Chinese electronic databases. Comparisons were SMT alone or SMT in combination with western medicine as experimental intervention, and western medicine or placebo as the control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198176/what-is-changing-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-after-multidisciplinary-approach-a-comprehensive-literature-s-review
#6
Belinda De Simone, Luca Ansaloni, Massimo Sartelli, Federico Coccolini, Salomone Di Saverio, Maria A Pantaleo, Maristella Saponara, Margherita Nannini, Harishine K Abongwa, Josephine A Napoli, Fausto Catena
INTRODUCTION: GIST represent the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract Surgery is the only curative treatment for GIST. The aim of our review is to highlight the changes in the surgical treatment of GIST after the introduction of TKI therapy in a multimodality management ( neo-adiuvant or adiuvant setting). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We carried out a review of the recent literature about surgical treatment of GIST according to its anatomical location and size according to PRISMA STATEMENT to systematic review...
February 14, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196773/the-link-between-dissociation-and-both-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analyses
#7
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Ismaïl Bensassi, Philippe Courtet
Dissociative disorders (DD) are frequently associated with suicidal behaviors. We performed the first meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in psychiatric individuals with and without DD. We included: 1) studies comparing SA and NSSI rates in psychiatric individuals with and without DD; 2) studies comparing Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) scores in both SA and NSSI psychiatric patients versus non SA and non NSSI ones. Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager Software and STROBE statement were used...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195986/functional-bracing-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#8
Walter R Lowe, Ryan J Warth, Elizabeth P Davis, Lane Bailey
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current literature on the use of functional knee braces after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with respect to clinical and in vivo biomechanical data. METHODS: A systematic search of both the PubMed and Embase databases was performed to identify all studies that reported clinical and/or in vivo biomechanical results of functional bracing versus nonbracing after ACL reconstruction. Extracted data included study design, surgical reconstruction techniques, postoperative rehabilitation protocols, objective outcomes, and subjective outcomes scores...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195619/efficacy-of-the-intravitreal-sustained-release-dexamethasone-implant-for-diabetic-macular-edema-refractory-to-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy-meta-analysis-and-clinical-implications
#9
Zainab Khan, Robin K Kuriakose, Maryam Khan, Eric K Chin, David R P Almeida
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect on best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and efficacy of the intravitreal sustained-release 0.7 mg dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex; Allergan, Irvine, CA) in patients with recalcitrant diabetic macular edema (DME). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Meta-analysis utilizing the MOOSE framework and a random effects model. Studies included adults undergoing treatment with Ozurdex for DME. The methodologic quality of each study was assessed using the MINORS and the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias for randomized studies...
February 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191497/carbon-dioxide-versus-room-air-insufflation-during-balloon-assisted-enteroscopy-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Ashok Shiani, Seth Lipka, Andrew Lai, Andrea C Rodriguez, Christian M Andrade, Ambuj Kumar, Patrick Brady
Background and study aims Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation has been suggested to be an ideal alternative to room air insufflation to reduce trapped air within the bowel lumen after balloon assisted enteroscopy (BAE). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the safety and efficacy of utilizing CO2 insufflation as compared to room air during BAE. Patients and methods The primary outcome is mean change in visual analog scale (VAS; 10 cm) at 1, 3, and 6 hours to assess pain. Secondary outcomes include insertion depth (anterograde or retrograde), adverse events, total enteroscopy rate, diagnostic yield, mean anesthetic dosage, and PaCO2 at procedure completion...
January 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177530/intrauterine-contraception-insertion-pain-nursing-interventions-to-improve-patient-experience
#11
REVIEW
Carmel McCarthy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine factors which contribute to the individual's experience of pain in relation to intrauterine contraception insertion and determine evidence based nursing strategies to best assess and manage this pain. BACKGROUND: Nurses are increasingly involved in consultations regarding intrauterine contraception. However, concerns regarding painful or difficult insertion may inhibit uptake and discourage nurses from promoting or inserting intrauterine contraception...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167744/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-tai-chi-for-preventing-falls-in-older-adults
#12
Zhi-Guan Huang, Yun-Hui Feng, Yu-He Li, Chang-Sheng Lv
OBJECTIVE: It remains unclear whether Tai Chi is effective for preventing falls in older adults. We undertook this systematic review to evaluate the preventive effect of Tai Chi by updating the latest trial evidence. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched up to February 2016 to identify randomised trials evaluating Tai Chi for preventing falls in older adults. We evaluated the risk of bias of included trials using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165878/vaccinations-in-migrants-and-refugees-a-challenge-for-european-health-systems-a-systematic-review-of-current-scientific-evidence
#13
Daniele Mipatrini, Paola Stefanelli, Santino Severoni, Giovanni Rezza
The decline of immunization rates in countries of origin of migrants and refugees, along with risky conditions during the journey to Europe, may threaten migrants' health. We performed a systematic review of the scientific literature in order to assess the frequency of vaccine preventable diseases, and vaccination coverage among migrants and refugees in Europe. To this end, Medline and Cochrane databases were considered. After the screening and the selection process, 58 papers were included in the review. We focused on the following vaccine-preventable diseases: hepatitis B, measles, rubella, mumps, tetanus, poliomyelitis, pertussis, diphtheria, meningitis, and varicella...
February 6, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164524/clinicopathological-significance-of-rhoa-expression-in-digestive-tract-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Ping Wang, Wanyu Li, Jifeng Peng, Shengnan Qi, Lingxie Song, Chunxia Liu, Feng Li
BACKGROUND: RhoA protein expression has been reported in different types of cancer. We performed an up-to-date meta-analysis to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of RhoA protein expression in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: We searched in several databases, including MEDLINE (PubMed) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, to identify studies examining the association between RhoA protein and cancer. The quality of the included studies was assessed...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157371/search-for-b-%C3%A2-k-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-at-the-babar-experiment
#15
J P Lees, V Poireau, V Tisserand, E Grauges, A Palano, G Eigen, D N Brown, Yu G Kolomensky, H Koch, T Schroeder, C Hearty, T S Mattison, J A McKenna, R Y So, V E Blinov, A R Buzykaev, V P Druzhinin, V B Golubev, E A Kravchenko, A P Onuchin, S I Serednyakov, Yu I Skovpen, E P Solodov, K Yu Todyshev, A J Lankford, J W Gary, O Long, A M Eisner, W S Lockman, W Panduro Vazquez, D S Chao, C H Cheng, B Echenard, K T Flood, D G Hitlin, J Kim, T S Miyashita, P Ongmongkolkul, F C Porter, M Röhrken, Z Huard, B T Meadows, B G Pushpawela, M D Sokoloff, L Sun, J G Smith, S R Wagner, D Bernard, M Verderi, D Bettoni, C Bozzi, R Calabrese, G Cibinetto, E Fioravanti, I Garzia, E Luppi, V Santoro, A Calcaterra, R de Sangro, G Finocchiaro, S Martellotti, P Patteri, I M Peruzzi, M Piccolo, A Zallo, S Passaggio, C Patrignani, B Bhuyan, U Mallik, C Chen, J Cochran, S Prell, H Ahmed, A V Gritsan, N Arnaud, M Davier, F Le Diberder, A M Lutz, G Wormser, D J Lange, D M Wright, J P Coleman, E Gabathuler, D E Hutchcroft, D J Payne, C Touramanis, A J Bevan, F Di Lodovico, R Sacco, G Cowan, Sw Banerjee, D N Brown, C L Davis, A G Denig, M Fritsch, W Gradl, K Griessinger, A Hafner, K R Schubert, R J Barlow, G D Lafferty, R Cenci, A Jawahery, D A Roberts, R Cowan, R Cheaib, S H Robertson, B Dey, N Neri, F Palombo, L Cremaldi, R Godang, D J Summers, P Taras, G De Nardo, C Sciacca, G Raven, C P Jessop, J M LoSecco, K Honscheid, R Kass, A Gaz, M Margoni, M Posocco, M Rotondo, G Simi, F Simonetto, R Stroili, S Akar, E Ben-Haim, M Bomben, G R Bonneaud, G Calderini, J Chauveau, G Marchiori, J Ocariz, M Biasini, E Manoni, A Rossi, G Batignani, S Bettarini, M Carpinelli, G Casarosa, M Chrzaszcz, F Forti, M A Giorgi, A Lusiani, B Oberhof, E Paoloni, M Rama, G Rizzo, J J Walsh, A J S Smith, F Anulli, R Faccini, F Ferrarotto, F Ferroni, A Pilloni, G Piredda, C Bünger, S Dittrich, O Grünberg, M Heß, T Leddig, C Voß, R Waldi, T Adye, F F Wilson, S Emery, G Vasseur, D Aston, C Cartaro, M R Convery, J Dorfan, W Dunwoodie, M Ebert, R C Field, B G Fulsom, M T Graham, C Hast, W R Innes, P Kim, D W G S Leith, S Luitz, V Luth, D B MacFarlane, D R Muller, H Neal, B N Ratcliff, A Roodman, M K Sullivan, J Va'vra, W J Wisniewski, M V Purohit, J R Wilson, A Randle-Conde, S J Sekula, M Bellis, P R Burchat, E M T Puccio, M S Alam, J A Ernst, R Gorodeisky, N Guttman, D R Peimer, A Soffer, S M Spanier, J L Ritchie, R F Schwitters, J M Izen, X C Lou, F Bianchi, F De Mori, A Filippi, D Gamba, L Lanceri, L Vitale, F Martinez-Vidal, A Oyanguren, J Albert, A Beaulieu, F U Bernlochner, G J King, R Kowalewski, T Lueck, I M Nugent, J M Roney, N Tasneem, T J Gershon, P F Harrison, T E Latham, R Prepost, S L Wu
We search for the rare flavor-changing neutral current process B^{+}→K^{+}τ^{+}τ^{-} using data from the BABAR experiment. The data sample, collected at the center-of-mass energy of the ϒ(4S) resonance, corresponds to a total integrated luminosity of 424  fb^{-1} and to 471×10^{6}  BB[over ¯] pairs. We reconstruct one B meson, produced in the ϒ(4S)→B^{+}B^{-} decay, in one of many hadronic decay modes and search for activity compatible with a B^{+}→K^{+}τ^{+}τ^{-} decay in the rest of the event...
January 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154449/what-does-the-cochrane-collaboration-say-about-self-management-in-rehabilitation
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152280/surfactant-administration-via-a-thin-endotracheal-catheter-during-spontaneous-breathing-in-preterm-infants
#17
REVIEW
Wanliang Wu, Yan Shi, Fengxia Li, Zhuoyu Wen, Hongli Liu
To systematically review the clinical outcomes of surfactant administration via a thin endotracheal catheter during spontaneous breathing compared with conventional administration involving tracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation (MV), and tracheal extubation, in preterm infants. PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant clinical trials. Data were analyzed using the Cochrane Collaboration methods. Primary outcome measures included the incidence of MV and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)...
February 2, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151856/comparison-of-two-different-size-needles-in-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-for-diagnosing-solid-pancreatic-lesions-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-controlled-trials
#18
Mei-Mei Xu, Hong-Yu Jia, Li-Li Yan, Shan-Shan Li, Yue Zheng
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to provide a pooled analysis of prospective controlled trials comparing the diagnostic accuracy of 22-G and 25-G needles on endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS-FNA) of the solid pancreatic mass. METHODS: We established a rigorous study protocol according to Cochrane Collaboration recommendations. We systematically searched the PubMed and Embase databases to identify articles to include in the meta-analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, and corresponding 95% confidence intervals were calculated for 22-G and 25-G needles of individual studies from the contingency tables...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148655/meta-analysis-of-gap-balancing-versus-measured-resection-techniques-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
REVIEW
T Huang, Y Long, D George, W Wang
AIMS: There are two techniques widely used to determine the rotational alignment of the components in total knee arthroplasty (TKA); gap balancing (GB) and measured resection (MR). Which technique is the best remains controversial. We aimed to investigate this in a systematic review and meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In accordance with the methods of Cochrane, databases were searched for all randomised controlled trials in the literature between January 1986 and June 2015 comparing radiographic and clinical outcomes between the use of these two tecniques...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143834/treatment-strategies-for-women-with-who-group-ii-anovulation-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#20
Rui Wang, Bobae V Kim, Madelon van Wely, Neil P Johnson, Michael F Costello, Hanwang Zhang, Ernest Hung Yu Ng, Richard S Legro, Siladitya Bhattacharya, Robert J Norman, Ben Willem J Mol
OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effectiveness of alternative first line treatment options for women with WHO group II anovulation wishing to conceive. DESIGN:  Systematic review and network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:  Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, and Embase, up to 11 April 2016. STUDY SELECTION:  Randomised controlled trials comparing eight ovulation induction treatments in women with WHO group II anovulation: clomiphene, letrozole, metformin, clomiphene and metformin combined, tamoxifen, gonadotropins, laparoscopic ovarian drilling, and placebo or no treatment...
January 31, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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