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Cochrane Collaboration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805538/effects-of-far-infrared-therapy-on-arteriovenous-fistulas-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-meta-analysis
#1
Qingsong Wan, Shikun Yang, Li Li, Fenfen Chu
BACKGROUND: Far infrared (FIR) therapy may have a beneficial effect on maturity and function of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Therefore, we performed this pooled analysis to assess the protective effects of FIR therapy in HD patients. METHODS: The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs of FIR therapy for HD patients were searched from multiple databases. Relevant studies were screened according to the predefined inclusion criteria...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800736/using-computer-mobile-and-wearable-technology-enhanced-interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Aoife Stephenson, Suzanne M McDonough, Marie H Murphy, Chris D Nugent, Jacqueline L Mair
BACKGROUND: High levels of sedentary behaviour (SB) are associated with negative health consequences. Technology enhanced solutions such as mobile applications, activity monitors, prompting software, texts, emails and websites are being harnessed to reduce SB. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of such technology enhanced interventions aimed at reducing SB in healthy adults and to examine the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched to identify randomised-controlled trials (RCTs), published up to June 2016...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797751/outcomes-of-cancer-surgery-after-inhalational-and-intravenous-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sinor Soltanizadeh, Thea H Degett, Ismail Gögenur
Perioperative factors are probably essential for different oncological outcomes. This systematic review investigates the literature concerning overall mortality and postoperative complications after cancer surgery with inhalational (INHA) and intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). A search was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines, including studies with patients undergoing surgery for cancer and where TIVA was compared with INHA. Two investigators identified relevant papers in the databases: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797573/digestive-decontamination-in-burn-patients-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials-and-observational-studies
#4
REVIEW
Mercedes Rubio-Regidor, Ana Martín-Pellicer, Luciano Silvestri, Hendrik K F van Saene, José A Lorente, Miguel A de la Cal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to assess the effect of selective digestive decontamination (SDD) or non-absorbable enteral antibiotics (EA) on mortality, the incidence of infection and its adverse effects in burn patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review of randomized clinical trials (RCT) or observational studies enrolling burn patients, and comparing SDD or EA prophylaxis with placebo or no treatment. The search includes Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, WOS, Cochrane Library (1970-2015)...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795682/effects-of-antenatal-diet-and-physical-activity-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-and-health-economic-evaluation
#5
Ewelina Rogozińska, Nadine Marlin, Louise Jackson, Girish Rayanagoudar, Anneloes E Ruifrok, Julie Dodds, Emma Molyneaux, Mireille Nm van Poppel, Lucilla Poston, Christina A Vinter, Fionnuala McAuliffe, Jodie M Dodd, Julie Owens, Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Jose G Cecatti, Fernanda Surita, SeonAe Yeo, Annick Bogaerts, Roland Devlieger, Helena Teede, Cheryce Harrison, Lene Haakstad, Garry X Shen, Alexis Shub, Nermeen El Beltagy, Narges Motahari, Janette Khoury, Serena Tonstad, Riitta Luoto, Tarja I Kinnunen, Kym Guelfi, Fabio Facchinetti, Elisabetta Petrella, Suzanne Phelan, Tânia T Scudeller, Kathrin Rauh, Hans Hauner, Kristina Renault, Christianne Jm de Groot, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Dorte M Jensen, Márcia Vitolo, Arne Astrup, Nina Rw Geiker, Sally Kerry, Pelham Barton, Tracy Roberts, Richard D Riley, Arri Coomarasamy, Ben Willem Mol, Khalid S Khan, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Diet- and physical activity-based interventions in pregnancy have the potential to alter maternal and child outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether or not the effects of diet and lifestyle interventions vary in subgroups of women, based on maternal body mass index (BMI), age, parity, Caucasian ethnicity and underlying medical condition(s), by undertaking an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. We also evaluated the association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with adverse pregnancy outcomes and assessed the cost-effectiveness of the interventions...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793926/tobacco-and-alcohol-cessation-or-reduction-interventions-in-people-with-oral-dysplasia-and-head-and-neck-cancer-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Ellie Shingler, Luke A Robles, Rachel Perry, Chris Penfold, Andy Ness, Steve Thomas, J Athene Lane, Richard M Martin
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancers include malignancies of the mouth, larynx and oropharynx. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are associated with increased risks of developing and dying from head and neck cancer. The aim of this review is to examine the effectiveness of smoking and alcohol cessation interventions on disease-related outcomes, quality of life and behavioural change in adults with head and neck cancer and oral dysplasia. METHODS: The Cochrane library, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Web of Science databases will be searched for randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of smoking or alcohol interventions on patients with either head and neck cancer or oral dysplasia...
August 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782112/lower-vs-higher-fluid-volumes-in-sepsis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#7
T S Meyhoff, M H Møller, P B Hjortrup, M Cronhjort, A Perner, J Wetterslev
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluid administration with crystalloids is recommended in the initial management of sepsis. However, the quality of evidence supporting the recommendation on fluid volumes is low, and clinical equipoise exists. Potential benefits of restricting fluid volumes has been suggested, but the overall benefit or harm in patients with sepsis is unknown. Accordingly, we aim to assess patient-important benefits and harms of lower vs. higher fluid volumes in resuscitation of adult patients with sepsis...
September 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780546/identifying-and-prioritising-systematic-review-topics-with-public-health-stakeholders-a-protocol-for-a-modified-delphi-study-in-switzerland-to-inform-future-research-agendas
#8
Dyon Hoekstra, Margot Mütsch, Christina Kien, Ansgar Gerhardus, Stefan K Lhachimi
INTRODUCTION: The Cochrane Collaboration aims to produce relevant and top priority evidence that responds to existing evidence gaps. Hence, research priority setting (RPS) is important to identify which potential research gaps are deemed most important. Moreover, RPS supports future health research to conform both health and health evidence needs. However, studies that are prioritising systematic review topics in public health are surprisingly rare. Therefore, to inform the research agenda of Cochrane Public Health Europe (CPHE), we introduce the protocol of a priority setting study on systematic review topics in several European countries, which is conceptualised as pilot...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780370/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-with-the-traditional-chinese-patent-medicine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Bing Pang, Feng-Mei Lian, Xi-Yan Zhao, Xue-Min Zhao, De Jin, Yi-Qun Lin, Yu-Jiao Zheng, Qing Ni, Xiao-Lin Tong
AIM: Early interventions in prediabetes can prevent or delay the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this review was to assess the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese patent medicine (TCPM) on the prevention of T2DM. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched to identify eligible trials published until June 1, 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared TCPM plus lifestyle modification (LM) versus LM alone were included for in the...
July 19, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771856/does-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-change-risk-behavior-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Kellie Freeborn, Carmen J Portillo
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV has been available since 2012. Even so, PrEP has not been widely accepted among healthcare providers and MSM some of whom are convinced that PrEP decreases condom use, and increases sexually transmitted infections (STIs). DESIGN: A systematic review of the state of the evidence regarding the association of PrEP with condom use, STI incidence and change in sexual risk behaviors in MSM. A structured search of databases resulted in 142 potential citations, but only ten publications met inclusion criteria and underwent data abstraction and critical appraisal...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771775/outcomes-of-interventions-for-nurse-leaders-wellbeing-at-work-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Arja Häggman-Laitila, Johanna Romppanen
AIM: To gather, assess and synthesise current research knowledge on interventions that aimed to improve nurse leaders' well-being at work. BACKGROUND: The research evidence on interventions for nurse leaders' well-being at work has been sporadic and there are a lack of evidence-based recommendations for effective interventions that inform practice, future studies and education. DESIGN: A quantitative systematic review, in accordance with the Cochrane Collaboration procedures and the reporting guidance in the PRISMA statement...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771484/effectiveness-of-community-based-condom-distribution-interventions-to-prevent-hiv-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Mohsen Malekinejad, Andrea Parriott, Janet C Blodgett, Hacsi Horvath, Ram K Shrestha, Angela B Hutchinson, Paul Volberding, James G Kahn
BACKGROUND: Despite significant public health implications, the extent to which community-based condom distribution interventions (CDI) prevent HIV infection in the United States is not well understood. METHODS: We systematically reviewed research evidence applying Cochrane Collaboration methods. We used a comprehensive search strategy to search multiple bibliographic databases for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs published from 1986-2017...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770974/back-schools-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#13
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Martijn W Heymans, Maurits W van Tulder, Rosmin Esmail, Bart W Koes, Nolwenn Poquet, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Christopher G Maher
BACKGROUND: Many people with low back pain (LBP) become frequent users of healthcare services in their attempt to find treatments that minimise the severity of their symptoms. Back School consists of a therapeutic programme given to groups of people that includes both education and exercise. However, the content of Back School has changed over time and appears to vary widely today. This review is an update of a Cochrane review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of Back School...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#14
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768530/complications-and-health-related-quality-of-life-after-robot-assisted-versus-open-radical-cystectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-four-rcts
#15
Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Hanne Tønnesen, Bente Thoft Jensen, Bruno Neuner, Peter Thind, Thordis Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Radical cystectomy is associated with high rates of perioperative morbidity. Robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) is widely used today despite limited evidence for clinical superiority. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effect of RARC compared to open radical cystectomy (ORC) on complications and secondary on length of stay, time back to work and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: The databases PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase and CINAHL were searched...
August 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767469/marijuana-and-its-effects-on-athletic-performance-a-systematic-review
#16
Kien V Trinh, Dion Diep, Hannah Robson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of marijuana on athletic performance. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, AMED, and SPORTDiscus from their beginning to September 2016. Study quality was assessed using the Cochrane collaboration tool for assessing risk of bias and the Cochrane GRADE scale. No meta-analyses were performed for this review. SETTING: Subjects in a track, gym, or recreational ward. PARTICIPANTS: Any primary study which included male and female adults of any athletic background between ages 18 and 65, with no other comorbid conditions...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763112/systematic-literature-review-of-clinical-trials-evaluating-pharmacotherapy-for-overactive-bladder-in-elderly-patients-an-assessment-of-trial-quality
#17
REVIEW
Kristin D Kistler, Yingxin Xu, Kelly H Zou, Fady Ntanios, Douglass S Chapman, Xuemei Luo
AIMS: Overactive bladder (OAB) disproportionately affects older-aged adults, yet most randomized controlled trials (RCTs) underrepresent patients ≥65. This systematic literature review (SLR) identified RCTs evaluating β-3 adrenergic agonists or muscarinic antagonists in elderly patients with OAB, and compared study quality across trials. METHODS: MEDLINE(®) , Embase(®) , and Cochrane Collaboration Central Register of Clinical Trials databases were searched from inception through April 28, 2015 to identify published, peer-reviewed RCT reports evaluating β-3 adrenergic agonists or muscarinic antagonists in elderly OAB patients (either ≥65 years or study-described as "elderly")...
August 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760149/collaborative-goal-setting-with-elderly-patients-with-chronic-disease-or-multimorbidity-a-systematic-review
#18
Neeltje P C A Vermunt, Mirjam Harmsen, Gert P Westert, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Marjan J Faber
BACKGROUND: It is challenging to use shared decision-making with patients who have a chronic health condition or, especially, multimorbidity. A patient-goal-oriented approach can thus be beneficial. This study aims to identify and evaluate studies on the effects of interventions that support collaborative goal setting or health priority setting compared to usual care for elderly people with a chronic health condition or multimorbidity. METHODS: This systematic review was based on EPOC, PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines...
July 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756408/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-tools-for-the-information-age
#19
REVIEW
Mark Weatherall
The amount of available biomedical information is vast and growing. Natural limitations of the way clinicians and researchers approach this treasure trove of information comprise difficulties locating the information, and once located, cognitive biases may lead to inappropriate use of the information. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses represent important tools in the information age to improve knowledge and action. Systematic reviews represent a census approach to identifying literature to avoid non-response bias...
July 29, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756387/enteric-salmonella-in-humans-and-food-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-protocol-of-a-systematic-review
#20
Karima Chaabna, Walid Alali
INTRODUCTION: Non-typhoidal Salmonella is considered one of the leading causes of foodborne disease worldwide. This protocol provides methods that will be used to synthesise available epidemiological data on non-typhoidal enteric Salmonella in humans and food in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and to characterise the morbidity of human salmonellosis in this region. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review will be conducted based on the Cochrane Collaboration handbook and will be reported following the items outlined in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
July 28, 2017: BMJ Open
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