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Cochrane Collaboration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453966/psychotherapy-for-depression-among-advanced-incurable-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Toru Okuyama, Tatsuo Akechi, Lisa Mackenzie, Toshi A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of depressive disorder and depressive symptoms among advanced, incurable cancer patients. Patients commonly report a preference for non-pharmacological treatments such as psychotherapy over pharmacological treatments for depression. The objective of this review was to investigate the effectiveness of psychotherapy for the treatment of depression in people with advanced, incurable cancer via a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: We searched research databases and clinical trial registries for studies published prior to June 2015...
April 11, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449030/spillover-effects-on-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Jaynal Abedin, David Berger, Ashley Clark, Veronica Jimenez, Eugene Konagaya, Diana Tran, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Stephen P Luby, Edward Miguel, John M Colford
Background: Many interventions delivered to improve health may benefit not only direct recipients but also people in close physical or social proximity. Our objective was to review all published literature about the spillover effects of interventions on health outcomes in low-middle income countries and to identify methods used in estimating these effects. Methods: We searched 19 electronic databases for articles published before 2014 and hand-searched titles from 2010 to 2013 in five relevant journals...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446732/docetaxel-versus-docetaxel-plus-cisplatin-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#3
REVIEW
Ang Li, Zhi-Jian Wei, Han Ding, Hao-Shuai Tang, Heng-Xing Zhou, Xue Yao, Shi-Qing Feng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the activity, efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel versus docetaxel plus cisplatin in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Internet, Wan-fang databases. The trials that were found were then evaluated for eligibility. The Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager software was used to perform the meta-analyses. RESULTS: Nine clinical trials including 1257 patients were included...
April 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#4
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440960/is-humidified-better-than-non-humidified-low-flow-oxygen-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Zunjia Wen, Wenting Wang, Haiying Zhang, Chao Wu, Jianping Ding, Meifen Shen
AIMS: To determine the effects of low-flow oxygen therapy with humidified or non-humidified oxygen in adult patients. BACKGROUND: Although non-humidified oxygen in low-flow oxygen therapy is recommended by many guidelines, humidifying oxygen regardless of oxygen flow has been routinely performed in China and Japan and further studies are needed to evaluate the evidence. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis that comply with the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration were conducted...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434468/the-effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-banxia-baizhu-tianma-decoction-for-the-treatment-of-vertebrobasilar-insufficiency-vertigo-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
ZhenLang Guo, ZhenNing Su, ZhengFei Wang, XiaoMu Luo, RenKui Lai
OBJECTIVES: Banxia Baizhu Tianma Decoction (BBTD) is widely used to treat vertebrobasilar insufficiency vertigo (VBIV) in China, but its efficacy remains largely unexplored. We systemically summarized relevant evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the therapeutic effect of BBTD. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched for relevant electronic studies published before July 2016. We evaluated RCTs that compared BBTD, anti-vertigo drugs and a combination of BBTD and anti-vertigo drugs...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432856/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-in-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-to-guide-evidence-based-practice
#7
Mei-Ling Wu, Kuang-Hui Yu, Jen-Chen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common and unpleasant symptom of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, there is limited information regarding how exercise affects fatigue. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the current knowledge concerning the effectiveness of exercise training for treating fatigue among adults with SLE. The characteristics of beneficial exercise training are further evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis...
April 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427477/plasma-chitotriosidase-activity-versus-ccl18-level-for-assessing-type-i-gaucher-disease-severity-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#8
Tatiana Raskovalova, Patrick B Deegan, Ruby Yang, Elena Pavlova, Jérome Stirnemann, José Labarère, Ari Zimran, Pramod K Mistry, Marc Berger
BACKGROUND: Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency in acid beta-glucosidase. GD exhibits a wide clinical spectrum of disease severity with an unpredictable natural course. Plasma chitotriosidase activity and CC chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) have been exchangeably used for monitoring GD activity and response to enzyme replacement therapy in conjunction with clinical assessment. Yet, a large-scale head-to-head comparison of these two biomarkers is currently lacking...
April 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422743/efficacy-and-safety-of-dose-dense-chemotherapy-in-urothelial-carcinoma
#9
Chenjing Zhu, Jiaming Liu, Jing Zhang, Qingfang Li, Qisi Lian, Jing Xu, Xuelei Ma
We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of dose-dense chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with urothelial carcinoma. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Collaboration's Central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL) for relevant articles. Data was obtained from 10 trials with a total of 1093 patients. The pooled pathologic complete response (pCR) was 27.8% in the ten studies with a full cohort of 684 patients who received dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, adriamycin and cisplatin (dd-MVAC)...
March 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420491/telemedicine-for-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-systematic-review-and-proposal-for-research-agenda
#10
REVIEW
Matteo Piga, Ignazio Cangemi, Alessandro Mathieu, Alberto Cauli
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the scientific literature regarding tele-rheumatology and draw conclusions about feasibility, effectiveness, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane database searches were performed (April 2016) using relevant MeSH and keyword terms for telemedicine and rheumatic diseases. Articles were selected if reporting outcomes for feasibility, effectiveness, and patient satisfaction and methodologically appraised using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias and a modified version of CONSORT 2010 Statement...
March 22, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420284/a-systematic-review-of-rehabilitation-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-depression-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#11
Caroline Baker, Linda Worrall, Miranda Rose, Kyla Hudson, Brooke Ryan, Leana O'Byrne
PURPOSE: Stepped psychological care is the delivery of routine assessment and interventions for psychological problems, including depression. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze and synthesize the evidence of rehabilitation interventions to prevent and treat depression in post-stroke aphasia and adapt the best evidence within a stepped psychological care framework. METHOD: Four databases were systematically searched up to March 2017: Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409482/efficacy-of-interferon-free-therapies-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-systematic-review-of-all-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Vinicius L Ferreira, Fernanda S Tonin, Nayara A Assis Jarek, Yohanna Ramires, Roberto Pontarolo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Second-generation direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have recently arisen as more effective and safer treatments for chronic hepatitis C. These drugs can be combined into treatments without interferon (IFN), and are therefore called IFN-free therapies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of IFN-free therapies for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C, and thus increase the clinical evidence for these therapies...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407793/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-the-spitz-nevus-in-the-pediatric-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis%C3%A2-protocol
#13
Jean Abboud, Michael Stein, Michele Ramien, Claudia Malic
BACKGROUND: Spitz nevi are uncommon melanocytic neoplasms found in children. Historically, the diagnosis and management of these tumors has lacked consensus among oncologists, pathologists, plastic surgeons, and dermatologists. Once interpreted and treated as a "juvenile melanoma", many have argued for the benignancy of such tumors in certain patient age groups, encouraging a conservative approach. The lack of consensus surrounding the diagnosis and perceived malignant potential of these tumors has led physicians to approach them on a case-by-case basis and institutional protocols...
April 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406263/pharmacotherapy-for-hyperuricemia-in-hypertensive-patients
#14
REVIEW
Pedro Henrique França Gois, Edison Regio de Moraes Souza
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure represents a major public health problem. Worldwide, approximately one-fourth of the adult population has hypertension. Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest a link between hyperuricemia and hypertension. Hyperuricemia affects 25% to 40 % of individuals with untreated hypertension; a much lower prevalence has been reported in normotensives or in the general population. However, whether lowering serum uric acid (UA) might lower blood pressure (BP) is an unanswered question...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403830/effectiveness-of-progressive-resistive-exercise-pre-in-the-context-of-hiv-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-using-the-cochrane-collaboration-protocol
#15
Kelly K O'Brien, Anne-Marie Tynan, Stephanie A Nixon, Richard H Glazier
BACKGROUND: HIV is increasingly considered a chronic illness. More individuals are living longer and aging with the health-related consequences associated with HIV and multi-morbidity. Exercise is a self-management approach that can promote health for people aging with HIV. We examined the safety and effectiveness of progressive resistive exercise (PRE) interventions on immunological, virological, cardiorespiratory, strength, weight, body composition, and psychological outcomes in adults living with HIV...
April 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401246/technology-mediated-interventions-and-quality-of-life-for-persons-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review
#16
Hwayoung Cho, Sarah Iribarren, Rebecca Schnall
BACKGROUND: As HIV/AIDS is considered a chronic disease; quality of life (QoL) has become an important focus for researchers and healthcare providers. Technology-mediated interventions have demonstrated improved clinical effectiveness in outcomes, such as viral suppression, for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). However, the evidence to support the impact of these interventions on QoL is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to assess the impact of technology-mediated interventions on QoL and to identify the instruments used to measure the QoL of PLWH...
April 12, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399981/efficacy-and-safety-of-sglt2-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Yang Yingying, Pan Hui, Wang Bo, Chen Shi, Zhu Huijuan
Objective To assess the efficiency and safety of a novel sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor-SGLT2 inhibitors, in combination with insulin for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library to identify the eligible studies published between January 2010 and July 2016 without restriction of language. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) data and ClinicalTrials (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov) were also searched. The included studies met the following criteria: randomized controlled trials; T1DM patients aged between 18 and 65 years old; patients were treated with insulin plus SGLT2 inhibitors for more than 2 weeks; patients' glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were between 7% and 12%...
April 10, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399771/liposomal-bupivacaine-peripheral-nerve-block-for-the-management-of-postoperative-pain
#18
Jonathan Branney, Mehrafarin Izadpanah
statement The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes by increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane's role by providing an evidence base for nurses and healthcare professionals who deliver, lead or research nursing care. The CNCF produces Cochrane Corner columns, summaries of recent nursing-care-relevant Cochrane Reviews that are regularly published in collaborating nursing-related journals. Information on the processes CNCF has developed can be accessed at: nursingcare...
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398969/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-pain-and-self-report-function-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-best-evidence-synthesis
#19
Zhongwei Xu, Jiao Luo, Xiao Huang, Bin Wang, Jian Zhang, Aiguo Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in pain and self-report function of patients with knee osteoarthritis on the basis of comparisons with hyaluronic acid or placebo. DESIGN: Best-evidence synthesis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted. Literature retrieval was limited to RCTs assessing the efficacy of PRP in knee osteoarthritis. Methodology evaluation and data extraction were based on Cochrane Collaboration guidelines...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398697/effects-of-targeting-lower-versus-higher-arterial-oxygen-saturations-on-death-or-disability-in-preterm-infants
#20
REVIEW
Lisa M Askie, Brian A Darlow, Peter G Davis, Neil Finer, Ben Stenson, Maximo Vento, Robin Whyte
BACKGROUND: The use of supplemental oxygen in the care of extremely preterm infants has been common practice since the 1940s. Despite this, there is little agreement regarding which oxygen saturation (SpO₂) ranges to target to maximise short- or long-term growth and development, while minimising harms. There are two opposing concerns. Lower oxygen levels (targeting SpO₂ at 90% or less) may impair neurodevelopment or result in death. Higher oxygen levels (targeting SpO₂ greater than 90%) may increase severe retinopathy of prematurity or chronic lung disease...
April 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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