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Cochrane Collaboration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651007/urban-chikungunya-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-a-systematic-review
#1
John M Humphrey, Natalie B Cleton, Chantal B E M Reusken, Marshall J Glesby, Marion P G Koopmans, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is not well characterized despite increasing recognition of its expanding infection and disease burden in recent years. METHODOLOGY / PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and reporting our findings following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed records describing the human prevalence and incidence, CHIKV prevalence/infection rates in vectors, outbreaks, and reported cases for CHIKV across the MENA region...
June 26, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647763/decompression-plus-fusion-versus-decompression-alone-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Hai-Feng Liang, Shu-Hao Liu, Zi-Xian Chen, Qin-Ming Fei
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical effectiveness of decompression plus fusion and decompression alone for patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, a systematic review and meta-analysis of all available evidence was performed. METHODS: A search of the literature was conducted on PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library. Relevant studies comparing decompression plus fusion and decompression alone were selected according to eligibility criteria...
June 24, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646925/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-versus-placebo-or-no-prophylaxis-in-adult-hospitalised-acutely-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#3
Søren Marker, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev, Marija Barbateskovic, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Mette Krag, Anders Granholm, Carl Thomas Anthon, Morten Hylander Møller
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is considered standard of care in many critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the quality of evidence supporting this has recently been questioned, and clinical equipoise exists. Whether there is overall benefit or harm of stress ulcer prophylaxis in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients is unknown. Accordingly, we aim to assess patient-important benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo or no treatment in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients with high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding irrespective of hospital setting...
June 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645980/association-between-human-herpesvirus-infections-and-dementia-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Charlotte Warren-Gash, Harriet Forbes, Judith Breuer, Andrew C Hayward, Angelique Mavrodaris, Basil H Ridha, Martin Rossor, Sara L Thomas, Liam Smeeth
INTRODUCTION: Persisting neurotropic viruses are proposed to increase the risk of dementia, but evidence of association from robust, adequately powered population studies is lacking. This is essential to inform clinical trials of targeted preventive interventions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a comprehensive systematic review of published and grey literature of the association between infection with, reactivation of, vaccination against or treatment of any of the eight human herpesviruses and dementia or mild cognitive impairment...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645544/diagnostic-accuracy-of-eus-compared-with-mrcp-in-detecting-choledocholithiasis-a-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-test-accuracy-of-head-to-head-studies
#5
REVIEW
Mohammad Yaghoobi, Yaser Meeralam, Khalil Al-Shammari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is a wide range of reported sensitivity and specificity for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the diagnosis of the choledocholithiasis with lack of a proper meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) using head-to-head comparison. Here, we aimed at comparing the diagnostic accuracy of EUS and MRCP in detecting choledocholithiasis using appropriate methodology recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. METHODS: A comprehensive electronic literature search up to January 2017 was done by 2 reviewers for prospective cohort studies comparing EUS and MRCP to reference standard in detecting choledocholithiasis...
June 20, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644309/the-use-of-a-stylet-in-endoscopic-ultrasound-with-fine-needle-aspiration-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Andrew Lai, Ashley Davis-Yadley, Seth Lipka, Miguel Lalama, Roshanak Rabbanifard, David Bromberg, Roger Nehaul, Ambuj Kumar, Prasad Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is the most efficacious way to collect specimens from a solid lesion adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract and is performed with an internal stylet during puncture. However, its reinsertion into the needle is time-consuming. Controversy surrounds whether quality of cytology specimen improves with stylet use. We performed a meta-analysis comparing the use of stylet versus no stylet with EUS-FNA of gastrointestinal-related masses...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641999/effect-of-pharmacist-care-on-medication-adherence-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-among-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Myriam Jihad Jaam, Ahmed Awaisu
BACKGROUND: The impact of collaborative and multidisciplinary health care on the outcomes of care in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is well-established in the literature. However, there is lack of high quality evidence on the role of pharmacist care in this setting. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of pharmacist care on patient outcomes (readmission, mortality, emergency visits, and medication adherence) in patients with ACS at or post-discharge...
June 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640930/orotracheal-intubation-in-infants-performed-with-a-stylet-versus-without-a-stylet
#8
REVIEW
Joyce E O'Shea, Jennifer O'Gorman, Aakriti Gupta, Sanjay Sinhal, Jann P Foster, Liam Af O'Connell, C Omar F Kamlin, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Neonatal endotracheal intubation is a common and potentially life-saving intervention. It is a mandatory skill for neonatal trainees, but one that is difficult to master and maintain. Intubation opportunities for trainees are decreasing and success rates are subsequently falling. Use of a stylet may aid intubation and improve success. However, the potential for associated harm must be considered. OBJECTIVES: To compare the benefits and harms of neonatal orotracheal intubation with a stylet versus neonatal orotracheal intubation without a stylet...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640148/restrictive-versus-liberal-transfusion-strategies-for-red-blood-cell-transfusion-after-hip-or-knee-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Tianli Mao, Fuqiang Gao, Jun Han, Wei Sun, Wanshou Guo, Zirong Li, Weiguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are commonly used in surgical patients, but accompanied by many risks such as metabolic derangement, and allergic and febrile reactions. Indications for transfusion in patients after hip or knee surgery have not been definitively evaluated and remain controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the benefits and harms of restrictive versus liberal transfusion strategies in patients after hip or knee surgery. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant studies through September 2015...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640028/assessing-and-communicating-the-value-of-biomedical-research-results-from-a-pilot-study
#10
Susan Guthrie, Joachim Krapels, Alexandra Adams, Philip Alberti, Ann Bonham, Bryn Garrod, Sarah Esmond, Caitlin Scott, Gavin Cochrane, Steven Wooding
PURPOSE: Assessing the impact of research requires an approach that is sensitive both to the context of the research and the perspective of the stakeholders trying to understand its benefits. Here, the authors report on a pilot that applied such an approach to research conducted at the Collaborative Center for Health Equity (CCHE) of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. METHOD: The pilot assessed the academic impact of CCHE's work; the networks between CCHE and community partners; and the reach of CCHE's programs, including an attempt to estimate return on investment (ROI)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637906/anogenital-warts-and-other-hpv-associated-anogenital-lesions-in-the-hiv-positive-patient-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-interventions-assessed-in-controlled-clinical-trials
#11
Ricardo Niklas Werner, Lukas Westfechtel, Corinna Dressler, Alexander Nast
OBJECTIVES: Anogenital warts (AGW, condylomata acuminata) and intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN) do not only impact health and social well-being, they are also associated with considerable costs for the healthcare systems. Immunocompromised and HIV-positive patients carry the highest epidemiological burden of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and comprise a population specifically susceptible to treatment failures and recurrences. This systematic review aimed at identifying and appraising the available evidence from controlled studies of interventions for the treatment of AGW and IEN in immunocompromised patients...
June 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637593/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-of-transplant-recipients-to-reduce-graft-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injuries-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Waqas Farooqui, Hans Christian Pommergaard, Allan Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplantation is an accepted treatment for end-stage solid organ diseases. During the procedure, ischemia and reperfusion injury may affect graft and patient outcomes. Remote ischemic preconditioning (rIC) has been shown to reduce ischemia and reperfusion injury and can be performed safely. Thus, rIC may potentially improve outcomes after solid organ transplantation. Traditionally, the focus of rIC has been on the donor. However, preconditioning the recipient may be a more suitable approach in transplant settings...
June 15, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#13
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629342/hypnosis-in-patients-with-perceived-stress-a-systematic-review
#14
S Fisch, B Brinkhaus, M Teut
BACKGROUND: Although hypnosis and hypnotherapy have become more popular in recent years, the evidence for hypnosis to influence perceived stress is unclear. In this systematic review we searched and evaluated randomized clinical studies investigating the effect of hypnosis on perceived stress reduction and coping. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Review of Effects, EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and PubMed were systematically screened from their inception until December 2015 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting about hypnosis or hypnotherapy for stress reduction in healthy participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628548/clinical-outcome-measures-for-lateropulsion-poststroke-an-updated-systematic-review
#15
Ryan Koter, Sara Regan, Caitlin Clark, Vicki Huang, Melissa Mosley, Erin Wyant, Chad Cook, Jeffrey Hoder
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contraversive Lateropulsion, also referred to as contraversive pushing, pusher behavior, and pusher syndrome, can be associated with increased hospital length of stay, increased health care costs, and delayed outcomes in persons with stroke. The purpose of this updated systematic review was to identify scales used to classify contraversive lateropulsion, investigate literature that addresses their clinimetric properties, and create a resource for clinicians recommending use in clinical practice...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625821/the-use-of-study-registration-and-protocols-in-plastic-surgery-research-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Thomas Edward Pidgeon, Christopher Limb, Riaz A Agha, Katharine Whitehurst, Charmilie Chandrakumar, Georgina Wellstead, Alexander J Fowler, Dennis P Orgill
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the Declaration of Helsinki changed to mandate that all research studies involving human subjects must have a protocol registered in a publicly accessible database prior to the enrolment of the first patient, rather than just clinical trials. The objective of this work was to assess the number of research studies involving human participants published in leading journals of plastic surgery that had either published or registered a protocol with a publicly accessible database...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625076/the-one-abutment-one-time-protocol-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Momen A Atieh, Andrew Tawse-Smith, Nabeel H M Alsabeeha, Sunyoung Ma, Warwick J Duncan
BACKGROUND: The use of definitive abutments (DAs) at the time of implant placement has been introduced to overcome the limitations of dis/reconnection of healing / provisional abutments (PAs). With little and inconsistent information in the literature regarding the effectiveness of using DAs, the aim of this systematic review was to examine marginal bone and soft tissue level changes, technical and biological complications and implant failure associated with the use of DAs and PAs. METHODS: This systematic review was prepared according to the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622840/systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-the-role-of-coaching-in-surgery-to-improve-learner-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Louise-Helene Gagnon, Nimrah Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Surgical coaching, with the goal of improving operative performance, has been introduced into residency and fellowship programs. This is the first systematic review on surgical coaching limited to randomized controlled trials. The objective of this review is to synthesize the existing evidence that addresses the following question: "What are the effects of surgical coaching to improve learner outcomes?" METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed through the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621017/overview-of-systematic-reviews-effective-home-support-in-dementia-care-components-and-impacts-stage-1-psychosocial-interventions-for-dementia
#19
REVIEW
Paul Clarkson, Jane Hughes, Chengqiu Xie, Matthew Larbey, Brenda Roe, Clarissa M Giebel, David Jolley, David Challis
AIM: To synthesise evidence to identify the components of effective psychosocial interventions in dementia care to inform clinical practice, policy and research. BACKGROUND: With population ageing dementia represents a significant care challenge with 60% of people with dementia living at home. DESIGN: Overview of systematic reviews with narrative summary. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of published systematic reviews in English using Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, EPPI-Centre, between September 2013 - April 2014...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620944/independent-housing-and-support-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
D Richter, H Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: To systematically explore the outcomes of Independent Housing and Support (IHS) for people with severe mental disorders when compared to other residential settings. METHOD: Systematic review of Randomised and Non-Randomised Controlled Trials of publications that analyse the outcomes of living in independent settings versus institutionalised accommodation. Risk of bias assessment was adapted from the Cochrane Collaboration's ACROBAT-Tool. The analysis was conducted separately for publications with homeless and non-homeless people...
June 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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