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progressive mobility

Annie Hartmann, Deb Kegelmeyer, Anne Kloos
: Individuals with concomitant spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury have cognitive deficits that may limit the ability to learn novel motor tasks necessary for functional independence. Errorless learning has been shown to improve cognitive task performance in persons with brain injury but little is known about its usefulness for improving novel motor task learning. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 44-year-old man with traumatic spinal cord and brain injuries from a motor vehicle accident was admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation hospital...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Weiwei Chen, Jiajia An, Jiwei Guo, Yan Wu, Lijuan Yang, Juanjuan Dai, Kaikai Gong, Shuang Miao, Sichuan Xi, Jing Du
PURPOSE: Sodium selenite (SS) has been widely reported to induce apoptosis in various cancer cell types. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms governing SS-mediated repression of lung cancer stem cells remain largely undefined. METHODS: In vitro assays of cell proliferation, clonal formation, apoptosis, migration and cancer stemness cell sphere formation were performed to examine the inhibitory effects of SS on lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) cells with or without the overexpression of SRY-related high-mobility-group box 2 (SOX2)...
March 15, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Olabisi R Sanusi, Omar Arnaout, Rudy J Rahme, Craig Horbinski, James P Chandler
OBJECTIVE: Chordomas are rare tumors of notochordal origin that are known to be locally aggressive and are often treated with surgical resection followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. The accepted standard of treatment for chordomas of the mobile spine which includes en-bloc resection with wide margins cannot be easily applied to the chordomas of the skull base given their proximity to critical neurovascular structures. We describe our experience with the role of surgery and adjuvant radiation in the treatment of chordomas over 16 years...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Patrik Wolle, Matthias P Müller, Daniel Rauh
The examination of three-dimensional structural models in scientific publications allows the reader to validate or invalidate conclusions drawn by the authors. However, either due to a (temporary) lack of access to proper visualization software or a lack of proficiency, this information is not necessarily available to every reader. As the digital revolution is quickly progressing, technologies have become widely available that overcome the limitations and offer to all the opportunity to appreciate models not only in 2D, but also in 3D...
March 16, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
Debra A Field, Roslyn W Livingstone
AIM: To identify and critically appraise standardized measures of power mobility skill used with children (18y or younger) with mobility limitations and explore the measures' application for 'exploratory', 'operational', and 'functional' learners. METHOD: Five electronic databases were searched along with hand-searching for peer-reviewed articles published in English to July 2017 (updated 31st August 2017). Key terms included power(ed) mobility, power(ed) wheelchair, and database-specific terms...
March 14, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Sho Tamai, Yasuhiko Hayashi, Yasuo Sasagawa, Masahiro Oishi, Mitsutoshi Nakada
Background: Although it is well known that most choroid plexus cysts (CPCs) are asymptomatic, previous studies have reported that they can infrequently cause progressive hydrocephalus along with their increasing sizes. Among those cases, some patients needed cyst fenestration or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion to recover neurological deterioration. Meanwhile, some CPCs revealed spontaneous resolution, and in rare cases, they developed re-accumulation. Some reports have described series of radiological findings about their changes in location...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Stefan Roth, Vikramjeet Singh, Steffen Tiedt, Lisa Schindler, Georg Huber, Arie Geerlof, Daniel J Antoine, Antoine Anfray, Cyrille Orset, Maxime Gauberti, Antoine Fournier, Lesca M Holdt, Helena Erlandsson Harris, Britta Engelhardt, Marco E Bianchi, Denis Vivien, Christof Haffner, Jürgen Bernhagen, Martin Dichgans, Arthur Liesz
Stroke induces a multiphasic systemic immune response, but the consequences of this response on atherosclerosis-a major source of recurrent vascular events-have not been thoroughly investigated. We show that stroke exacerbates atheroprogression via alarmin-mediated propagation of vascular inflammation. The prototypic brain-released alarmin high-mobility group box 1 protein induced monocyte and endothelial activation via the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)-signaling cascade and increased plaque load and vulnerability...
March 14, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Congcong Liu, Xiaojun Yan, Fei Hu, Guohua Gao, Guangming Wu, Xiaowei Yang
With the rapid development of mobile electronics and electric vehicles, future electrochemical capacitors (ECs) need to store as much energy as possible in a rather limited space. As the core component of ECs, dense electrodes that have a high volumetric energy density and superior rate capability are the key to achieving improved energy storage. Here, the significance of and recent progress in the high volumetric performance of dense electrodes are presented. Furthermore, dense yet porous electrodes, as the critical precondition for realizing superior electrochemical capacitive energy, have become a scientific challenge and an attractive research focus...
March 14, 2018: Advanced Materials
Mira C Patel, Kari Ann Shirey, Marina S Boukhvalova, Stefanie N Vogel, Jorge C G Blanco
Host-derived "danger-associated molecular patterns" (DAMPs) contribute to innate immune responses and serve as markers of disease progression and severity for inflammatory and infectious diseases. There is accumulating evidence that generation of DAMPs such as oxidized phospholipids and high-mobility-group box 1 (HMGB1) during influenza virus infection leads to acute lung injury (ALI). Treatment of influenza virus-infected mice and cotton rats with the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) antagonist Eritoran blocked DAMP accumulation and ameliorated influenza virus-induced ALI...
March 13, 2018: MBio
Stefan O Schrade, Katrin Dätwyler, Marius Stücheli, Kathrin Studer, Daniel-Alexander Türk, Mirko Meboldt, Roger Gassert, Olivier Lambercy
BACKGROUND: Powered exoskeletons are a promising approach to restore the ability to walk after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, current exoskeletons remain limited in their walking speed and ability to support tasks of daily living, such as stair climbing or overcoming ramps. Moreover, training progress for such advanced mobility tasks is rarely reported in literature. The work presented here aims to demonstrate the basic functionality of the VariLeg exoskeleton and its ability to enable people with motor complete SCI to perform mobility tasks of daily life...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
M H Zou, L Ma, Y S Xia, S C Yang, W D Chen, F Cao, X X Chen
Objective: To review the early and mid-term results of end-to-side anastomosis technique for interrupted aortic arch in neonates and infants. Methods: Clinic data of 46 patients were diagnosed as interrupted aortic arch in Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center between January 2010 and December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Twenty-six cases were neonates. The median age underwent surgery was 23 days (range: 2 days to 8 years). Anatomical subtypes included 36 cases of type A and 10 cases of type B...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Nicolaia Iaffaldano, Michele Di Iorio, Luisa Mannina, Gianluca Paventi, Maria Pina Rosato, Silvia Cerolini, Anatoly P Sobolev
Metabolic profile of fresh turkey spermatozoa at three different reproductive period ages, namely 32, 44 and 56 weeks, was monitored by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and correlated to sperm quality parameters. The age-related decrease in sperm quality as indicated by reduction of sperm concentration, sperm mobility and osmotic tolerance was associated to variation in the level of specific water-soluble and liposoluble metabolites. In particular, the highest levels of isoleucine, phenylalanine, leucine, tyrosine and valine were found at 32 weeks of age, whereas aspartate, lactate, creatine, carnitine, acetylcarnitine levels increased during the ageing...
2018: PloS One
Chiaki Yoshihara-Hirata, Keisuke Yamashiro, Tadashi Yamamoto, Hiroaki Aoyagi, Hidetaka Ideguchi, Mari Kawamura, Risa Suzuki, Mitsuaki Ono, Hidenori Wake, Masahiro Nishibori, Shogo Takashiba
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone DNA-binding protein, secreted into the extracellular milieu in response to inflammatory stimuli. The secreted HMGB1 mediates various inflammatory diseases, including periodontitis; however, the underlying mechanisms of HMGB1-induced periodontal inflammation are not completely understood. Here, we examined whether anti-HMGB1 neutralizing antibody inhibits periodontal progression and investigated the molecular pathology of HMGB1 in vitro and in vivo In vitro analysis indicated that HMGB1, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were secreted in response to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) stimuli in human gingival epithelial cells (HGECs) and human monocytic leukemia cells (THP-1) treated with phorbol myristate acetate...
March 12, 2018: Infection and Immunity
Joseph A Ladapo, Charles E Spritzer, Xuan V Nguyen, Judy Pool, Elvira Lang
PURPOSE: Examine the cost of MRI operations before and after implementation of interpersonal skills training to reduce unanticipated patient-related events in an academic medical center. METHODS: Teams at four MRI sites (two hospital-based, two freestanding) were trained in evidence-based communication skills in February to April 2015. Training was designed to enable staff members to help patients mobilize their innate coping skills in response to any distress they experienced during their MRI visit...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Mauricio Mandel, Carlo Emanuel Petito, Rafael Tutihashi, Wellingson Paiva, Suzana Abramovicz Mandel, Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto, Almir Ferreira de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE Advances in video and fiber optics since the 1990s have led to the development of several commercially available high-definition neuroendoscopes. This technological improvement, however, has been surpassed by the smartphone revolution. With the increasing integration of smartphone technology into medical care, the introduction of these high-quality computerized communication devices with built-in digital cameras offers new possibilities in neuroendoscopy. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of smartphone-endoscope integration in performing different types of minimally invasive neurosurgery...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Shyam Kumar, Ulhas Sonar, Iqbal Singh
The incidence of fragility fractures of the humerus is increasing worldwide. Although clinicians are aware of fractures of hips and wrists, fractures of the shoulder and elbow do not receive much attention. A considerable proportion of the elderly population (estimated at 10-24%) is dependent on walking aids. A well-functioning and pain-free shoulder and elbow is essential for use of these aids. The impact of loss of mobility in the elderly is well known, hence the overall impact of these fractures on the individual can be considerable...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Karl H Schoenbach
This article is based on my presentation at the D'Arsonval Ceremony at the Joint Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society and the European BioElectromagnetics Association in Hangzhou, China, in June of 2017. It describes the pathway from the first studies on the effects of intense, nanosecond pulses on biological cells to the development of medical therapies based on these effects. The motivation for the initial studies of the effects of high voltage, nanosecond pulses on mammalian cells was based on a simple electrical circuit model, which predicted that such pulses allow us to affect not just the plasma membrane but also the subcellular structures...
March 12, 2018: Bioelectromagnetics
Shota Hodono, Akihiro Shimokawa, Neil J Stewart, Yukiko Yamauchi, Renya Nishimori, Mami Yamane, Hirohiko Imai, Hideaki Fujiwara, Atsuomi Kimura
PURPOSE: High Mobility Group Box1 (HMGB1), which is one of the damage-associated molecular pattern molecules relating to various inflammatory diseases, has gained interest as a therapeutic target because of its involvement in wound healing processes. In the present study, we investigated HMGB1 as a potential therapeutic target in a model of lung fibrosis using a preclinical hyperpolarized129 Xe (HPXe) MRI system. METHODS: Lung injury was induced by intra-peritoneal injection of bleomycin (BLM) in 19 mice...
March 9, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Ariane L Herrick, Andrea Murray
Most patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) have "benign" primary RP (PRP), but a minority have an underlying cause, for example a connective tissue disease such as systemic sclerosis (SSc). Secondary RP can be associated with structural as well as functional digital vascular changes and can be very severe, potentially progressing to digital ulceration or gangrene. The first step in management is to establish why the patient has RP. This short review discusses the role of nailfold capillaroscopy and thermography in the assessment of RP...
March 8, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Elizabeth D Swanner, Markus Maisch, Wenfang Wu, Andreas Kappler
Many marine Precambrian iron formations (IF) record deep anoxic seawater enriched in Fe(II) (i.e. ferruginous) overlain by mildly oxygenated surface water. This is reflected by iron-rich sediments forming in deep basins, and relatively iron-poor sediments forming in shallow, sunlit waters. Such an iron gradient is often interpreted as a redox interface where dissolved Fe(II) was oxidized and precipitated as Fe(III)-bearing minerals. As such, sedimentary iron enrichments are proxy to the progressive oxidation of the oceans through geological time...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
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