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Dale Ding, Zhiyuan Xu, Han-Hsun Shih, Robert M Starke, Chun-Po Yen, Or Cohen-Inbar, Jason P Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Incompletely obliterated cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) after initial treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) can be treated with a repeat session of SRS. However, the relative efficacy of repeat vs initial SRS is not well specified. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare in matched cohorts the outcomes of repeat vs initial SRS for the treatment of matched cohorts with angioarchitecturally similar AVMs. METHODS: We studied a data set of patients with AVM treated with radiosurgery during the period spanning 1989 to 2013...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
John C Sheehan, Kimberly A Kerns, Ulrich Müller
OBJECTIVE: Planning is an important executive function (EF) skill that is fundamental to the capacity to achieve everyday goals that require a series of intermediate steps. This study examined the effect of preterm birth on planning skills in early and middle childhood using Tower problems that made different cognitive workload demands. METHOD: We administered a novel touchscreen Tower of Hanoi task (Monkey Tree Task; MTT) in three age cohorts (3, 6, and 9 years) to 485 children born between 2000 and 2010 (105 extremely low birth weight [ELBW], 248 late preterm [LP], and 132 term-born [Term])...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Martin Knapp, Derek King, Renée Romeo, Jessica Adams, Ashley Baldwin, Clive Ballard, Sube Banerjee, Robert Barber, Peter Bentham, Richard G Brown, Alistair Burns, Tom Dening, David Findlay, Clive Holmes, Tony Johnson, Robert Jones, Cornelius Katona, James Lindesay, Ajay Macharouthu, Ian McKeith, Rupert McShane, John T O'Brien, Patrick P J Phillips, Bart Sheehan, Robert Howard
OBJECTIVE: Most investigations of pharmacotherapy for treating Alzheimer's disease focus on patients with mild-to-moderate symptoms, with little evidence to guide clinical decisions when symptoms become severe. We examined whether continuing donepezil, or commencing memantine, is cost-effective for community-dwelling, moderate-to-severe Alzheimer's disease patients. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis was based on a 52-week, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled, factorial clinical trial...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Marina J Corines, Jada G Hamilton, Emily Glogowski, Chris A Anrig, Rachael Goldberg, Kate Niehaus, Erin Salo-Mullen, Megan Harlan, Margaret R Sheehan, Magan Trottier, Asad Ahsraf, Christina Tran, Lauren Jacobs, Rohini Rau-Murthy, Anne G Lincoln, Mark E Robson, Jose G Guillem, Arnold J Markowitz, Kenneth Offit, Zsofia K Stadler
Few reports of educational and counseling support resources exist for Lynch syndrome (LS), a disorder requiring multi-organ cancer screening and specialized medical care throughout adult life. Here we describe the development and efficacy of two resources designed to address this need, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Clinical Genetics Service annual Lynch Syndrome Educational Workshop (LSEW), and a quarterly Lynch Syndrome Patient Advocacy Network (LSPAN) support group. The LSEW and LSPAN were implemented beginning in 2012...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Ashkan Madadlou, Siobhan O'Sullivan, David Sheehan
Fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) is a form of high-performance chromatography that takes advantage of the high resolution made possible by small-diameter stationary phases. It was originally developed for proteins and features high loading capacity, biocompatible aqueous buffer systems, fast flow rates, and availability of stationary phases in most common chromatography modes (e.g., ion exchange, gel filtration, reversed phase, and affinity). The system makes reproducible separation possible by incorporating a high level of automation including autosamplers, gradient program control, and peak collection...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Hans Raj Pahadiya, Manoj Lakhotia, Ronak Gandhi, Rajpal S Yadav, Shiva Madan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Abhimanyu Uppal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Griger Cherry Williams, V A Kothiwale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Divendu Bhushan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Matthew H Lee, Scott E Sheehan, John F Orwin, Kenneth S Lee
Shoulder pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions encountered in primary care and specialty orthopedic clinic settings. Although magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is typically the modality of choice for evaluating the soft-tissue structures of the shoulder, ultrasonography (US) is becoming an important complementary imaging tool in the evaluation of superficial soft-tissue structures such as the rotator cuff, subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and biceps tendon. The advantages of US driving its recent increased use include low cost, accessibility, and capability for real-time high-resolution imaging that enables dynamic assessment and needle guidance...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Richard J Browning, April T Sanchez, Stephen Mullins, Daniel J Sheehan, Loretta S Davis
Blepharochalasis is a rare disorder of unknown etiology defined by loose, atrophic periorbital skin following recurrent episodes of eyelid edema. Characteristic histopathology shows complete absence of elastic fibers. The current case progressed after multiple episodes of crying, which may be related to matrix metalloproteinase dysregulation. This case offers further insights into the possible pathogenesis of blepharochalasis, paving the way for more targeted, disease-modifying therapies.
October 8, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Dimuthu Vinayagam, Sophie Bowe, Elaine Sheehan, Basky Thilaganathan, Asma Khalil
BACKGROUND: Due to the importance of cardiovascular dysfunction and advances in the development and use of non-invasive cardiac output (CO) monitoring devices, there is a growing interest in their use in the obstetric population. The aim of this study was to compare two commercially available, non-invasive CO monitors in the assessment of heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), CO, cardiac index (CI) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) in an obstetric population. METHODS: This was a prospective, comparative study including two groups...
October 6, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Alexis D J Makin, Damien Wright, Giulia Rampone, Letizia Palumbo, Martin Guest, Rhiannon Sheehan, Helen Cleaver, Marco Bertamini
A traditional line of work starting with the Gestalt school has shown that patterns vary in strength and salience; a difference in "Perceptual goodness." The Holographic weight of evidence model quantifies goodness of visual regularities. The key formula states that W = E/N, where E is number of holographic identities in a pattern and N is number of elements. We tested whether W predicts the amplitude of the neural response to regularity in an extrastriate symmetry-sensitive network. We recorded an Event Related Potential (ERP) generated by symmetry called the Sustained Posterior Negativity (SPN)...
October 4, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
Layan Akijian, Danielle Ní Chróinín, Elizabeth Callaly, Niamh Hannon, Michael Marnane, Áine Merwick, Órla Sheehan, Derek Hayden, Gillian Horgan, Joseph Duggan, Lorraine Kyne, Killian O'Rourke, Sean Murphy, Eamon Dolan, David Williams, Peter J Kelly
BACKGROUND: Few studies have directly compared stroke recurrence rates after stroke and transient ischemic attack, and the risk factors underlying early recurrence are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate risk factors for recurrent stroke after first stroke and transient ischemic attack in a population-based study. METHODS: The North Dublin Population Stroke Study applied multiple overlapping hot and cold pursuit methods, to ascertain hospital- and community-treated stroke and transient ischemic attack patients over a 12-month period...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Debra L Bogen, Sheehan D Fisher, Katherine L Wisner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Dmitry Alekseevich Sychev, Mikhail Sergeevich Zastrozhin, Valery Valerieevich Smirnov, Elena Anatolievna Grishina, Ludmila Mikhailovna Savchenko, Evgeny Alekseevich Bryun
BACKGROUND: Today, it is proved that isoenzymes CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 are involved in metabolism of haloperidol. In our previous investigation, we found a medium correlation between the efficacy and safety of haloperidol and the activity of CYP3A4 in patients with alcohol abuse. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the activity of CYP2D6 and the efficacy and safety of haloperidol in patients with diagnosed alcohol abuse. METHODS: The study involved 70 men (average age: 40...
2016: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
Hong Kuan Kok, Hamed Asadi, Mark Sheehan, Mark F Given, Michael J Lee
PURPOSE: To report a systematic review of endovascular management of visceral and renal artery aneurysms (VRAA) and results at a tertiary referral center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed via a comprehensive electronic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, followed by retrospective analysis of all VRAAs treated at a tertiary referral center from January 1999 to December 2015. RESULTS: The systematic review included 22 studies published between 2005 and 2016 describing endovascular treatment of VRAA...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Or Cohen-Inbar, Robert M Starke, Hideyuki Kano, Gregory Bowden, Paul Huang, Rafael Rodriguez-Mercado, Luis Almodovar, Inga S Grills, David Mathieu, Danilo Silva, Mahmoud Abbassy, Symeon Missios, John Y K Lee, Gene H Barnett, Douglas Kondziolka, L Dade Lunsford, Jason P Sheehan
OBJECTIVE Cerebellar arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) represent the majority of infratentorial AVMs and frequently have a hemorrhagic presentation. In this multicenter study, the authors review outcomes of cerebellar AVMs after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS Eight medical centers contributed data from 162 patients with cerebellar AVMs managed with SRS. Of these patients, 65% presented with hemorrhage. The median maximal nidus diameter was 2 cm. Favorable outcome was defined as AVM obliteration and no posttreatment hemorrhage or permanent radiation-induced complications (RICs)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Virginia L Stauffer, Peng Liu, Celine Goldberger, Lauren B Marangell, Craig Nelson, Philip Gorwood, Maurizio Fava
OBJECTIVE: To identify symptoms potentially representative of a noradrenergic symptom cluster as possible predictors of response to the selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI) edivoxetine when used as monotherapy or adjunctive treatment in patients with DSM-IV-TR major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Pooled data from 4 adjunctive treatment trials (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor [SSRI] + edivoxetine 6-18 mg/d vs SSRI + placebo; N = 2,066) and data from 1 monotherapy trial (edivoxetine 6-18 mg/d versus placebo; N = 495) were used to identify predictors of response related to noradrenergic symptoms using a resampling-based ensemble tree method...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Gerard Sanacora, Michael Johnson, Arif Khan, Sarah Atkinson, Robert Riesenberg, Juan Schronen, Michael A Burke, John Zajecka, Luis Barra, Hong-Lin Su, Joel A Posener, Khanh Bui, Michael Quirk, Tim Piser, Sanjay J Mathew, Sanjeev Pathak
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive lanicemine (NMDA channel blocker) in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) over 12 weeks. This phase IIb, randomized, parallel-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted at 49 centers in 4 countries between December 2011 and August 2013 in 302 patients aged 18-70 years, meeting criteria for single episode or recurrent MDD and with history of inadequate treatment response. Patients were required to be taking an allowed antidepressant for at least 4 weeks prior to screening...
September 29, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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