keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hiv treatment side effects

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399969/implementing-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-in-a-tuberculosis-treatment-experienced-cohort-on-art
#1
B Maharaj, T N Gengiah, N Yende-Zuma, S Gengiah, A Naidoo, K Naidoo
SETTING: Urban clinical research site in Durban, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes associated with the implementation of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in a cohort of tuberculosis (TB) treatment-experienced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected between October 2009 and October 2013 from patients enrolled in a prospective cohort study conducted in Durban, South Africa...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392858/effect-of-metformin-on-different-non-diabetes-related-conditions-a-special-focus-on-malignant-conditions-review-of-literature
#2
REVIEW
Elamin Abdelgadir, Razan Ali, Fauzia Rashid, Alaaeldin Bashier
Metformin has been proven to be one of the most safe and effective antihyperglycemic agents. Through more than six decades of metformin use, it became the most studied hypoglycemic agent; through these studies, it showed a marvelous non-glycemic related effect. These effects include modulation of different points of cancer timeline, weight reduction, cardiovascular health, thyroid diseases, polycystic ovaries disease and many other medical conditions. The aim of this review was to assess the effect of metformin on non-diabetes related medical diseases...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369066/socioeconomic-factors-explain-suboptimal-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-australian-adults-with-viral-suppression
#3
Krista J Siefried, Limin Mao, Stephen Kerr, Lucette A Cysique, Thomas M Gates, John McAllister, Anthony Maynard, John de Wit, Andrew Carr
BACKGROUND: Missing more than one tablet of contemporary antiretroviral therapy (ART) per month increases the risk of virological failure. Recent studies evaluating a comprehensive range of potential risk factors for suboptimal adherence are not available for high-income settings. METHODS: Adults on ART with undetectable viral load (UDVL) were recruited into a national, multi-centre cohort, completing a comprehensive survey assessing demographics, socio-economic indicators, physical health, well-being, life stressors, social supports, HIV disclosure, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, healthcare access, ART regimen, adherence, side effects, costs and treatment beliefs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358624/understanding-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-among-hiv-positive-women-at-four-postpartum-time-intervals-qualitative-results-from-the-kabeho-study-in-rwanda
#4
Michelle M Gill, Aline Umutoni, Heather J Hoffman, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Gilles F Ndayisaba, Solange Kibitenga, Placidie Mugwaneza, Anita Asiimwe, Emily A Bobrow
As lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant women is implemented, it is important to understand the attitudes and norms affecting women's postpartum ART adherence. This is a qualitative cross-sectional study of HIV-positive postpartum women (n = 112) enrolled in a 2-year observational prospective cohort in Rwanda. Informed by the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), we conducted in-depth interviews with women whose children were 0-6, 7-12, 13-18, or 21-24 months of age to describe factors contributing to adherence and changes over time...
March 30, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341926/risks-associated-with-antiretroviral-treatment-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-qualitative-analysis-of-social-media-data-and-health-state-utility-valuation
#5
Louis S Matza, Karen C Chung, Katherine J Kim, Trena M Paulus, Evan W Davies, Katie D Stewart, Grace A McComsey, Marshall W Fordyce
PURPOSE: Despite benefits of antiretroviral therapies (ART), people with HIV infection have increased risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, and low bone mineral density. Some ARTs increase risk of these events. The purpose of this study was to examine patients' perspectives of these risks and estimate health state utilities associated with these risks for use in cost-utility models. METHODS: Qualitative thematic analysis was conducted to examine messages posted to the POZ/AIDSmeds Internet community forums, focusing on bone, kidney, and cardiovascular side effects and risks of HIV/AIDS medications...
March 24, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329935/-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-receiving-no-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-hiv-infected-injecting-drug-users-in-dehong-dai-and-jingpo-autonomous-prefecture-yunnan-province
#6
R H Tang, R H Ye, Y C Yang, S T Yao, J B Wang, R M Zhang, L F Luo, Z L Wu, Y C Long, M S Yin, N He, S Duan
Objective: To understand the current status of receiving no methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and influencing factors in HIV infected injecting drug users (IDUs) in Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefectures, Yunnan province. Methods: Data of survival of IDUs with AIDS in Dehong were collected from " Chinese National Comprehensive HIV/AIDS and Care Information System" in December, 2014. Results: There were 987 IDUs who should receive MMT, the majority of them were males (94.6%, 934/987), aged 35-44 years (53...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321284/gynaecomastia-in-two-men-on-stable-antiretroviral-therapy-who-commenced-treatment-for-tuberculosis
#7
Jeremy D Kratz, Ahmad Y El-Shazly, Santos G Mambuque, Elpidio Demetria, Peter Veldkamp, Timothy S Anderson
Gynaecomastia is a common clinical presentation that varies from benign presentations in stages of human development to hormonal pathology, mainly due to hepatic dysfunction, malignancy, and adverse pharmacologic effects. We describe the development of significant bilateral gynaecomastia after starting treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in two males with WHO stage III Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection on stable antiretroviral regimens. Emerging reports suggest that distinct hepatic impairment in efavirenz metabolism modulates oestrogenic activity, which may be potentiated by anti-tuberculosis therapy...
December 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287204/-biliary-and-kidney-lithiasis-during-treatment-with-daclatasvir-sofosbuvir-ribavirin-and-atazanavir-ritonavir-abacavir-lamivudine-in-an-hiv-hcv-genotype-4-infected-patient-a-case-report
#8
Andrea Vavassori, Paola Lanza, Ilaria Izzo, Salvatore Casari, Silvia Odolini, Serena Zaltron, Elena Festa, Francesco Castelli
New Direct-acting Antiviral Agents (DAA)-based anti-HCV therapies currently provide extraordinary opportunities to cure patients. Drug-drug interactions are however a real challenge during treatment. In particular, in HIV-infected patients in cART, DAA choice is limited by such interactions, which can result both in reduced efficacy and toxicity. We report the case of a HIV-infected patient on cART with atazanavir/ritonavir/abacavir/lamivudine, who presented kidney and biliary lithiasis, the latter treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy, after beginning anti-HCV treatment with daclatasvir/sofosbuvir/ribavirin...
February 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278406/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-the-northern-territory-a-10-year-retrospective-case-series
#9
Daniel Judge, Vicki Krause
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics, risk factors, diagnostic modalities, treatments, subsequent outcomes and complications of Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases residing in the Northern Territory. METHODS: A retrospective case series was conducted of all patients treated for MDR-TB in the Northern Territory between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2013. This is the first study to analyse data relating to the subset of MDR-TB cases treated in the Northern Territory...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256380/the-cursed-duet-today-tuberculosis-and-hiv-coinfection
#10
REVIEW
Simon Tiberi, Anna Cristina C Carvalho, Giorgia Sulis, Devan Vaghela, Adrian Rendon, Fernanda C de Q Mello, Ananna Rahman, Nashaba Matin, Ali Zumla, Emanuele Pontali
The tuberculosis (TB) and HIV syndemic continues to rage and are a major public health concern worldwide. This deadly association raises complexity and represent a significant barrier towards TB elimination. TB continues to be the leading cause of death amongst HIV-infected people. This paper reports the challenges that lay ahead and outlines some of the current and future strategies that may be able to address this co-epidemic efficiently. Improved diagnostics, cheaper and more effective drugs, shorter treatment regimens for both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant TB are discussed...
March 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210500/drug-release-characteristics-and-tissue-distribution-of-rifapentine-polylactic-acid-sustained-release-microspheres-in-rabbits-after-paravertebral-implantation
#11
Zheng Zhang, Linbo Wu, Haijian Li, Zhicheng Long, Xinghua Song
BACKGROUND: Rates of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) and TB associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have increased dramatically, intensifying challenges in TB control. New formulations of TB treatment drugs that control drug release and increase local drug concentrations will have a significant impact on mitigating the toxic side effects and increasing the clinical efficacy of anti-TB drugs. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to observe the sustained release characteristics of rifapentine polylactic acid sustained-release microspheres in vivo and the accumulation of rifapentine in other tissues following paravertebral implantation...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209209/perceived-quality-of-life-among-visceral-leishmaniasis-and-hiv-coinfected-migrant-male-workers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#12
Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin, Abebaw Gebayehu
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on quality of life as a dimension of treatment outcome among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected patients. This study sought to explore perceived quality of life among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected male migrant workers in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Twenty Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected study participants took part in the in-depth interviews at Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV treatment centers. Ten participants were on antiretroviral treatment (ART) and the remaining 10 have not yet started ART...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205255/effect-of-postnatal-hiv-treatment-on-clinical-mastitis-and-breast-inflammation-in-hiv-infected-breast-feeding-women
#13
Sabrina Zadrozny, Daniel Westreich, Michael G Hudgens, Charles Chasela, Denise J Jamieson, Francis Martinson, Chifundo Zimba, Gerald Tegha, Irving Hoffman, William C Miller, Brian W Pence, Caroline C King, Athena P Kourtis, Wezi Msungama, Charles van der Horst
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mastitis and antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive, breast-feeding women is unclear. METHODS: In the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition (BAN) study, conducted in Lilongwe, Malawi, 2369 mother-infant pairs were randomized to a nutritional supplement group and to one of three treatment groups: maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART), infant nevirapine (NVP) or standard of care for 24 weeks of exclusive breast-feeding and 4 weeks of weaning...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199798/the-hotel-study-clinical-and-health-service-effectiveness-in-a-cohort-of-homeless-or-marginally-housed-persons
#14
William G Honer, Alejandro Cervantes-Larios, Andrea A Jones, Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, Julio S Montaner, Howard Tran, Jimmy Nham, William J Panenka, Donna J Lang, Allen E Thornton, Talia Vertinsky, Alasdair M Barr, Ric M Procyshyn, Geoffrey N Smith, Tari Buchanan, Mel Krajden, Michael Krausz, G William MacEwan, Kristina M Gicas, Olga Leonova, Verena Langheimer, Alexander Rauscher, Krista Schultz
OBJECTIVE: The Hotel Study was initiated in Vancouver's Downtown East Side (DTES) neighborhood to investigate multimorbidity in homeless or marginally housed people. We evaluated the clinical effectiveness of existing, illness-specific treatment strategies and assessed the effectiveness of health care delivery for multimorbid illnesses. METHOD: For context, we mapped the housing locations of patients presenting for 552,062 visits to the catchment hospital emergency department (2005-2013)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182613/news-on-viral-hepatitis-in-hiv-update-from-the-2016-gehep-conference
#15
REVIEW
Eva Poveda, Massimo Puoti, Miguel García-Deltoro, Juan A Pineda, Francisco Téllez, Rafael Granados, Luis Morano, Federico García
The II Conference of the Group for the Study of Viral Hepatitis (GEHEP) (29 September-1 October, Spain) updated epidemiological, diagnostic and treatment aspects on viral hepatitis. The conference was mostly focused on the latest news related to HCV infection, including the successes achieved since the implementation of direct-acting antiviral agents for HCV therapy, but also in the new, future challenges for a real HCV eradication. The scenario for chronic HCV infection has dramatically changed in the last two years and most patients have been cured after 12 weeks of therapy with minimal side effects...
January 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178936/successful-tb-treatment-outcome-and-its-associated-factors-among-tb-hiv-co-infected-patients-attending-gondar-university-referral-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-an-institution-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Yenework Sinshaw, Shitaye Alemu, Abel Fekadu, Mucheye Gizachew
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis/Human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) co-infection is bidirectional and synergistic which mainly affects interventions that have been taken on the area. Tb patients co-infected with HIV have poorer treatment outcome as compared to non-co-infected patients. There is limited information regarding successful TB treatment outcomes and its associated factors; a reason that this study was planned to investigate. METHODS: An institution based cross sectional study was carried out from July 2010 to January 2016...
February 8, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164754/prevalence-of-adverse-drug-reactions-to-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-haart-among-hiv-positive-patients-in-imam-khomeini-hospital-of-tehran-iran
#17
Raheleh Golrokhy, Hamid Emadi Koochak, Azita Babaii, Alia Pourdast, Mehrnaz Rasoolinejad, Saeed Reza Jamali Moghadam, Reza Rezaei Taheri, Seyed Ahmad SeyedAlinaghi
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among HIV positive patients referred to Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study regarding side effects of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in HIV positive patients referred to Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) center in Imam Khomeini Hospital of Tehran, Iran during a period of the year 2009 to 2010. Two hundred patients under antiretroviral treatment evaluated for the side effects of drug based on available records, face to face interviews and written lab data...
January 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161890/homology-guided-mutational-analysis-reveals-the-functional-requirements-for-antinociceptive-specificity-of-collapsin-response-mediator-protein-2-derived-peptides
#18
Aubin Moutal, Wennan Li, Yue Wang, Weina Ju, Shizhen Luo, Song Cai, Liberty François-Moutal, Samantha Perez-Miller, Jackie Hu, Erik T Dustrude, Todd W Vanderah, Vijay Gokhale, May Khanna, Rajesh Khanna
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: N-type voltage-gated calcium (Cav 2.2) channels are critical determinants of increased neuronal excitability and neurotransmission accompanying persistent neuropathic pain. Although Cav 2.2 channel antagonists are recommended as first-line treatment for neuropathic pain, calcium-current blocking gabapentinoids inadequately alleviate chronic pain symptoms and often exhibit numerous side effects. Collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) targets Cav 2.2 channels to the sensory neuron membrane and allosterically modulates their function...
February 5, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155312/confirmation-of-factors-that-influence-antiretroviral-regimen-change-and-the-subsequent-patient-outcomes-at-a-regional-hospital-in-rural-kwazulu-natal
#19
Vereesha Soorju, Panjasaram Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Treatment failure (TF) and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are the main indications for antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen change. Identification of factors influencing regimen change and subsequent health outcomes of patients after regimen change is essential in providing a sustainable and effective antiretroviral roll-out campaign. AIM: To confirm the factors that influence antiretroviral regimen change and to evaluate patient outcomes post regimen change...
October 31, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151951/comorbidities-of-hiv-infection-and-health-care-seeking-behavior-among-hiv-infected-patients-attending-public-sector-healthcare-facilities-in-kwazulu-natal-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Manimbulu Nlooto
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected people may present with co-infections, comorbidities, and side effects associated with antiretroviral therapy. This study explored the prevalence of comorbid health problems and determined the extent of the use of traditional medicine for treatment of co-infections, comorbidities of HIV infection and side effects. METHODS: A cross sectional study, using researcher-administered questionnaires, was carried out among HIV-infected patients in eight public sector healthcare facilities in KwaZulu-Natal between April and October 1024...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
80810
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"