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Ahmet Topal, Gonca Alak, Mustafa Ozkaraca, Aslı Cilingir Yeltekin, Selim Comaklı, Gurdal Acıl, Mine Kokturk, Muhammed Atamanalp
The extensive use of imidacloprid, a neonicotinoid insecticide, causes undesirable toxicity in non-targeted organisms including fish in aquatic environments. We investigated neurotoxic responses by observing 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) activity, oxidative stress and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in rainbow trout brain tissue after 21 days of imidacloprid exposure at levels of (5 mg/L, 10 mg/L, 20 mg/L). The obtained results indicated that 8-OHdG activity did not change in fish exposed to 5 mg/L of imidacloprid, but 10 mg/L and 20 mg/L of imidacloprid significantly increased 8-OHdG activity compared to the control (p < 0...
February 11, 2017: Chemosphere
Tao Cang, Dejiang Dai, Guiling Yang, Yijun Yu, Lu Lv, Leiming Cai, Qiang Wang, Yanhua Wang
Although the earthworm Eisenia fetida has been used in many ecotoxicological studies in recent years, most of these studies have only focused on assessing the effects of individual insecticides. In the present study, we aimed to compare the individual and combined toxic effects of imidacloprid and three insecticides (phoxim, chlorpyrifos, and lambda-cyhalothrin) on E. fetida. We showed that imidacloprid had the highest intrinsic toxicity to the worms in filter paper contact test, followed by phoxim and lambda-cyhalothrin, while the least toxicity was found from chlorpyrifos...
February 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rakesh Bhaskar, Ashish K Mishra, Banalata Mohanty
Hippocampus is highly susceptible to endocrine disrupting chemicals exposure particularly during the critical phase of brain development. In the present study, mice offspring were exposed to endocrine disruptors mancozeb (MCZ) and imidacloprid (IMI) individually (40 mg MCZ and 0.65 mg IMI/kg/day) as well as to their equimixture (40 mg MCZ + 0.65 mg IMI/kg/day) through the diet of lactating mothers from post-natal day (PND) 1 to PND 28. Half of the randomly selected male offspring were killed at PND 29 and the rest half were left unexposed and killed at PND 63...
February 16, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Lars Tappert, Tamara Pokorny, John Hofferberth, Joachim Ruther
Neonicotinoids are widely used insecticides, but their use is subject of debate because of their detrimental effects on pollinators. Little is known about the effect of neonicotinoids on other beneficial insects such as parasitoid wasps, which serve as natural enemies and are crucial for ecosystem functioning. Here we show that sublethal doses of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid impair sexual communication and host finding in the parasitoid wasp Nasonia vitripennis. Depending on the dose, treated females were less responsive to the male sex pheromone or unable to use it as a cue at all...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Michela Panini, Francesco Tozzi, Christoph T Zimmer, Chris Bass, Linda Field, Valerio Borzatta, Emanuele Mazzoni, Graham Moores
BACKGROUND: Metabolic resistance is an important consideration in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci, where an esterase-based mechanism has been attributed to pyrethroid resistance and over expression of the cytochrome P450, CYP6CM1, has been correlated to resistance to imidacloprid and other neonicotinoids. RESULTS: In vitro interactions between putative synergists and CYP6CM1, B and Q-type esterases were investigated, and structure-activity relationship analyses allowed the identification of chemical structures capable of acting as inhibitors of esterase and oxidase activities...
February 13, 2017: Pest Management Science
Amanda Gobeli, Dane Crossley, Jeff Johnson, Kelly Reyna
Since their emergence in the early 1990s, neonicotinoid use has increased exponentially to make them the world's most prevalent insecticides. Although there has been considerable research concerning the lethality of neonicotinoids, their sub-lethal and developmental effects are still being explored, especially with regard to non-mammalian species. The goal of this research was to investigate the effects of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid on the morphological and physiological development of northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus)...
February 8, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Wenlong Wang, Shaoli Wang, Guangjie Han, Yuzhou Du, Jianjun Wang
Control of Bemisia tabaci has depended primarily and heavily on insecticides, especially neonicotinoids. The novel sulfoximine insecticide sulfoxaflor exhibits high potency against a broad range of sap-feeding insect species, including those resistant to neonicotinoids. The resistance levels of Q-biotype B. tabaci field strains collected from 8 locations in eastern China to neonicotinoids and sulfoxaflor were investigated, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor β1 subunit gene (Btβ1) were detected...
March 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Lina De Smet, Fani Hatjina, Pavlos Ioannidis, Anna Hamamtzoglou, Karel Schoonvaere, Frédéric Francis, Ivan Meeus, Guy Smagghe, Dirk C de Graaf
In this study, different context-dependent effects of imidacloprid exposure on the honey bee response were studied. Honey bees were exposed to different concentrations of imidacloprid during a time period of 40 days. Next to these variables, a laboratory-field comparison was conducted. The influence of the chronic exposure on gene expression levels was determined using an in-house developed microarray targeting different immunity-related and detoxification genes to determine stress-related gene expression changes...
2017: PloS One
Nikola Zdolšek, Ksenija Kumrić, Ana Kalijadis, Tatjana Trtić-Petrović
A sensitive method for the determination of six varying polarity pesticides (imidacloprid, acetamiprid, carbendazim, simazine, linuron and tebufenozide) based on a solid-phase extraction disk with multi-walled nanotubes is proposed. Dispersion of multi-walled nanotubes in a surfactant aqueous solution (Triton X-100) was used for the preparation of the solid-phase extraction disk. The effect of surfactant on the functional groups of multi-walled nanotubes was examined applying temperature programmed desorption...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Tandy Paarlberg, Joseph Winkle, Anthony J Rumschlag, Lisa Marie Young, William G Ryan, Daniel E Snyder
BACKGROUND: A spot-on spinetoram formulation (Cheristin(®)) was developed to eliminate fleas from infested cats. This paper describes three spinetoram studies: two for registration (Studies 1 and 2), and one comparing residual speed of kill (SOK) with topically applied fipronil/(S)-methoprene (FSM) and imidacloprid (Study 3). METHODS: Cats were randomized to treatment based on flea counts from infestations placed within 2 weeks prior to treatment. In Studies 1 and 2, groups were untreated control and spinetoram; in Study 3, groups were untreated control, spinetoram, FSM and imidacloprid, all applied per label on Day 0...
February 2, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
F Hasan, M S Ansari
Acute toxicity and sublethal effects of six commonly used insecticides, i.e., malathion, carbaryl, imidacloprid, cypermethrin, dimethoate, and monocrotophos, were evaluated through biological and life table parameters of Zygogramma bicolorata Pallister in laboratory. Concentration of these insecticides was within the minimum ranges of recommended field rate. Among the insecticides tested for acute toxicity, monocrotophos and imidacloprid caused the highest mortality of third instars and prolonged the development time of treated larvae...
January 31, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
Hui-Ru Jia, Ping-Li Dai, Li-Li Geng, Cameron J Jack, Yun-He Li, Yan-Yan Wu, Qing-Yun Diao, James D Ellis
Cry1Ie protein derived from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has been proposed as a promising candidate for the development of a new Bt-maize variety to control maize pests in China. We studied the response of the midgut bacterial community of Apis cerana cerana to Cry1Ie toxin under laboratory conditions. Newly emerged bees were fed one of the following treatments for 15 and 30 days: three concentrations of Cry1Ie toxin (20 ng/mL, 200 ng/mL, and 20 μg/mL) in sugar syrup, pure sugar syrup as a negative control and 48 ng/mL imidacloprid as a positive control...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
Costas Ch Voudouris, Martin S Williamson, Panagiotis J Skouras, Amalia N Kati, Anastasia J Sahinoglou, John T Margaritopoulos
BACKGROUND: Myzus persicae s.l. is a major crop pest globally and has evolved resistance to a range of insecticide classes making it increasingly difficult to control in some areas. Here we compare bioassay monitoring data for two important compounds, imidacloprid and spirotetramat, on field samples/clones collected in Greece. RESULTS: A total of 122 aphid samples/clones from central and northern Greece were examined in dose-response bioassays with imidacloprid...
January 31, 2017: Pest Management Science
Neethu Narayanan, Suman Gupta, V T Gajbhiye, K M Manjaiah
A carboxy methyl cellulose-nano organoclay (nano montmorillonite modified with 35-45 wt % dimethyl dialkyl (C14-C18) amine (DMDA)) composite was prepared by solution intercalation method. The prepared composite was characterized by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The composite was utilized for its pesticide sorption efficiency for atrazine, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. The sorption data was fitted into Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms using linear and non linear methods...
January 17, 2017: Chemosphere
Richard M Turcotte, Anthony Lagalante, Jonathan Jones, Frank Cook, Thomas Elliott, Anthony A Billings, Yong-Lak Park
Systemic imidacloprid is the most widely used insecticide to control the hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae Annand (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), an exotic pest of eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carriére in the United States. This study was conducted to 1) determine the effect of treatment timing (spring vs. fall) and application method (trunk injection vs. soil injection) on the spatial and temporal distribution of imidacloprid within the crown of A. tsugae-free eastern hemlock using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), 2) compare ELISA to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) for the detection of imidacloprid in xylem fluid, and 3) determine the concentration of imidacloprid in leaf tissue using high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric (LC/MS/MS) detection methods...
January 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Surya Prakash Pandey, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui, Banalata Mohanty
The exposure effects of two endocrine disrupting pesticides (EDPs), mancozeb/MCZ and imidacloprid/IMI of the group dithiocarbamate and neonicotinoid respectively, on reproductive behaviors and secondary sexual characters have been studied in a seasonally breeding wildlife bird, red munia (Amandava amandava). Adult male birds were exposed to both the pesticides individually (0.25% LD50 of each) as well as co-exposed (MIX-I: 0.25% LD50 of each and MIX-II: 0.5% LD50 of each) through food for 30d in preparatory (July-August) and breeding (September-October) phase of reproductive cycle...
January 21, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Xiude Hua, Yuan Ding, Jiachuan Yang, Ming Ma, Haiyan Shi, Minghua Wang
A direct quantum dots-based fluoroimmunoassay (QDFIA) and a time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) for imidaclothiz (IMI) were developed by using the quantum dots (QDs)-labeled antibody and the europium (Eu(3+))-labeled antibody, respectively. After optimization, the half-maximal inhibition concentration (IC50) and the limit of detection (LOD, IC10) are 20.41 and 0.52μgL(-1) for the QDFIA, while 6.91 and 0.018μgL(-1) for the TRFIA, respectively. The cross-reactivities (CRs) with the analogues are negligible except for imidacloprid with CRs of 29...
January 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Xue Dong Chen, Torrence A Gill, Kirsten S Pelz-Stelinski, Lukasz L Stelinski
The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), is a major pest of citrus trees worldwide. A wide variety of insecticides are used to manage D. citri populations within citrus groves in Florida. However, in areas shared by citrus growers and beekeepers the use of insecticides may increase the risks of Apis mellifera  L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) loss and contaminated honey. The objective of this research was to determine the environmental toxicity of insecticides, spanning five different modes of action used to control D...
January 23, 2017: Ecotoxicology
Cornelis A M van Gestel, Claudia de Lima E Silva, Thao Lam, Jacco C Koekkoek, Marja H Lamoree, Rudo A Verweij
In a recent study, we showed that the springtail Folsomia candida was quite sensitive the neonicotinoid insecticides imidacloprid and thiacloprid. This study aimed at determining the toxicity of both compounds to F. candida following exposure over three generations, in natural LUFA 2.2 standard soil. In the first generation, imidacloprid was more toxic than thiacloprid, with LC50s of 0.44 and 9.0 mg/kg dry soil, respectively and EC50s of 0.29 and 1.5 mg/kg dry soil, respectively. The higher LC50/EC50 ratio suggests that thiacloprid has more effects on reproduction, while imidacloprid shows lethal toxicity to the springtails...
January 23, 2017: Ecotoxicology
Kai Dang, G Veera Singham, Stephen L Doggett, David G Lilly, Chow-Yang Lee
The performance of five insecticides (bendiocarb, deltamethrin, DDT, malathion, and imidacloprid) using three application methods (oil-based insecticide films on filter paper, and acetone-based insecticide deposits on two substrates: filter paper and glass) was assessed against a susceptible strain of Cimex lectularius (L.) and two resistant strains of Cimex hemipterus (F.). Substrate type significantly affected (P < 0.05) the insecticide knockdown response of the susceptible strain in acetone-based insecticide bioassays, with longer survival time on filter paper than on the glass surface...
January 22, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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