Read by QxMD icon Read


K Kang, P Yang, R Pang, L Yue, W Zhang
Circadian clocks influence most behaviours and physiological activities in animals, including daily fluctuations in metabolism. However, how the clock gene cycle influences insects' responses to pesticides has rarely been reported. Here, we provide evidence that cycle affects imidacloprid efficacy by mediating the expression of cytochrome P450 genes in the brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens, a serious insect pest of rice. Survival bioassays showed that the susceptibility of BPH adults to imidacloprid differed significantly between the two time points tested [Zeitgeber Time 8 (ZT8) and ZT4]...
May 23, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
Chengyu Chen, Xueyan Shi, Nicolas Desneux, Peng Han, Xiwu Gao
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang is a destructive insect pest of Chinese chives. To understand the current status of insecticide resistance of B. odoriphaga in China, the sensitivity variation of eight field populations to six commonly used insecticides, including chlorpyrifos, phoxim, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin and beta-cypermethrin were evaluated. The results showed that almost all the tested B. odoriphaga populations had developed moderate to high resistance to chlorpyrifos and phoxim. There were different resistance levels found in the eight field populations among the three neonicotinoids, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin...
May 23, 2017: Ecotoxicology
Massara Mzid, Riadh Badraoui, Sameh Ben Khedir, Zouheir Sahnoun, Tarek Rebai
Imidacloprid (IMI) is very harmful to human health and cause problems. Recently, plants have been considered as potential agents for protection against these disorders. Urtica urens L. (UU) is very useful for relieving rheumatic pains and there is no scientific evidence justifying its use, which lets us think of its direct effect on the bone. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of UU against toxicity effects of IMI in female rat. Rats were divided into control group, 3 groups treated with IMI at 50, 200 or 300mg/kg/day and 3 groups co-treated with IMI (50, 200 or 300mg/kg/day)+100mg/kg/day of UU...
May 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Molly D Savadelis, Cameon M Ohmes, Joe A Hostetler, Terry L Settje, Robert Zolynas, Michael T Dzimianski, Andrew R Moorhead
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports support the position that the adulticidal heartworm treatment utilizing doxycycline and Advantage Multi®/Advocate® for Dogs (10% imidacloprid + 2.5% moxidectin) has successfully converted antigen-positive dogs to antigen-negative. To date, no controlled experimental studies have demonstrated the adulticidal efficacy of this treatment regimen. The aim of this study was to evaluate the parasitological and clinical efficacy of Advantage Multi® for Dogs (IMD + MOX) and doxycycline in heartworm-infected beagles...
May 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Alexandre José Rodrigues Bendas, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida, Cristiano Von Simson, Norma Labarthe
BACKGROUND: Considering the recent information on the increase of Dirofilaria immitis antigen detection by rapid assays in canine blood samples after heat treatment, the proposal that immune complexes block D. immitis antigen detection and that macrocyclic lactone + doxycycline (alternative protocol) might lead to increased production of those immune complexes, resulting in the erroneous diagnosis of adult worm elimination, and that there is no recommended adulticide marketed in Brazil, a study was performed to evaluate the interference of moxidectin + doxycycline (moxi-doxy) on diagnostic procedures when heartworm positive dogs are treated with this alternative protocol...
May 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Jennifer Teerlink, Jorge Hernandez, Robert Budd
Fipronil and fipronil degradates have been reported in treated wastewater effluent at concentrations that exceed USEPA Aquatic Life Benchmarks, posing a potential risk to the surface waters to which they discharge. Fipronil is a common insecticide found in spot-on flea and tick treatment products that have the potential for down-the-drain transport and direct washoff into surface water. Volunteers currently treating their dogs with a fipronil-containing spot-on product were recruited. Dogs were washed either 2, 7, or 28days after product application, and rinsate from 34 discrete bathing events were analyzed by LC-MS/MS for fipronil and fipronil degradates (collectively known as fiproles)...
May 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Davor Zeljezic, Benjamin Vinkovic, Vilena Kasuba, Nevenka Kopjar, Mirta Milic, Marin Mladinic
In parallel with the continuous use of conventional insecticides, introduction of more environmentally friendly substances continues to grow in modern agriculture. In the present study, we evaluated chlorpyrifos, and imidacloprid and α-cypermethrin as two representatives of green insecticides for their genotoxic activity. We conducted a 14-day treatment in extended human lymphocytes cultures using real life exposure relevant concentrations. An alkaline comet assay was used to detect primary DNA damage. Simultaneously, the effect on the specific action towards the TP 53 and c-Myc genes in terms of fragmentation and copy number were determined...
May 3, 2017: Chemosphere
Junjie Zhang, Yanli Wei, Huizhen Li, Eddy Y Zeng, Jing You
Extensive use of neonicotinoid insecticides has raised great concerns about their ecological risk. A reliable method to measure trace neonicotinoids in complicated aquatic environment is a premise for assessing their aquatic risk. To effectively remove matrix interfering substances from field water samples before instrumental analysis with HPLC/MS/MS, a multi-sorbent solid phase extraction method was developed using Box-Behnken design. The optimized method employed 200mg HLB/GCB (w/w, 8/2) as the sorbents and 6mL of 20% acetone in acetonitrile as the elution solution...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
Emine Kaplanoglu, Patrick Chapman, Ian M Scott, Cam Donly
Current control of insect pests relies on chemical insecticides, however, insecticide resistance development by pests is a growing concern in pest management. The main mechanisms for insecticide resistance typically involve elevated activity of detoxifying enzymes and xenobiotic transporters that break-down and excrete insecticide molecules. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of imidacloprid resistance in the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), an insect pest notorious for its capacity to develop insecticide resistance rapidly...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shuang Hou, Yingying Zhuang, Yayun Deng, Xiaoyong Xu
Cycloxaprid (CYC) is a new cis-configuration neonicotinoid insecticide, which is currently under development in China for agricultural pest control. Considering the photodegradation of CYC is important for the application of CYC in the future, the photochemical behavior of CYC in aqueous solution was herein investigated in a "merry-go-round" reactor under a 300 W high-pressure mercury lamp. Twenty-five photodegradation products were identified via UPLC-TOF-ESI-MS/MS. The results suggested that NTN32692, the precursor of CYC was the predominant photodegradation product...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
L J Senior, B P Missenden, C Wright
In-field management of Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) and Zeugodacus cucumis (French) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in fruiting vegetable crops has relied almost exclusively on organophosphate cover sprays. Laboratory and semifield trials were performed to compare a number of alternative insecticides for efficacy against these species. A novel semifield method was used whereby the insecticides were applied to crops as cover sprays under field conditions, and treated plants bearing fruit were transferred to large cages and exposed to fruit flies...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Ana M Gorito, Ana R Ribeiro, C M R Almeida, Adrián M T Silva
The presence of organic pollutants in the aquatic environment, usually found at trace concentrations (i.e., between ng L(-1) and μg L(-1) or even lower, known as micropollutants), has been highlighted in recent decades as a worldwide environmental concern due to their difficult elimination by conventional water and wastewater treatment processes. The relevant information on constructed wetlands (CWs) and their application for the removal of a specific group of pollutants, 41 organic priority substances/classes of substances (PSs) and 8 certain other substances with environmental quality standards (EQS) listed in Directive 2013/39/EU as well as 17 contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) of the Watch List of Decision 2015/495/EU, is herein reviewed...
May 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Pingli Dai, Cameron J Jack, Ashley N Mortensen, James D Ellis
BACKGROUND: The reported high loss rates of managed honey bee colonies has been attributed to diverse stressors including pesticides. Honey bee larvae can be exposed to pesticides in contaminated nectar, pollen and wax. Due to the difficulties of rearing larvae in vitro, research focusing on adult bee exposure to pesticides is more common than that on larvae exposure to pesticides. Herein, we aimed to assess the acute toxicity of five insecticides to honey bee larvae using an improved in vitro rearing method...
May 9, 2017: Pest Management Science
Joanna J Fisher, Louela A Castrillo, Bruno G G Donzelli, Ann E Hajek
In several insect systems, fungal entomopathogens synergize with neonicotinoid insecticides which results in accelerated host death. Using the Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), an invasive woodborer inadvertently introduced into North America and Europe, we investigated potential mechanisms in the synergy between the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium brunneum Petch and the insecticide imidacloprid. A potential mechanism underlying this synergy could be imidacloprid's ability to prevent feeding shortly after administration...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Yu Cheng Zhu, Jianxiu Yao, John Adamczyk, Randall Luttrell
Imidacloprid is the most widely used insecticide in the world. In this study, we used spraying methods to simulate field exposures of bees to formulated imidacloprid (Advise® 2FL) alone and binary mixtures with seven pesticides from different classes. Synergistic toxicity was detected from mixtures of Advise (58.6 mg a.i./L imidacloprid)+Domark (512.5 mg a.i. /L tetraconazole), Advise+Transform (58.5 mg a.i./L sulfoxaflor), and Advise+Vydate (68 mg a.i./L oxamyl), and mortality was significantly increased by 20%, 15%, and 26% respectively...
2017: PloS One
N Iqbal, T A Evans
Fungus-growing termites (Macrotermitinae) are important pests in tropical countries. They are difficult to control with existing baiting methods, as chitin synthesis inhibitors are not effectual as active ingredients. We tested two neurotoxins, fipronil and imidacloprid, as potential bait active ingredients against Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) in Singapore. In laboratory bioassays, M. gilvus showed no preference for doses of 0-64 ppm fipronil, or for doses of 0-250 ppm imidacloprid, indicating no repellence. We tested each insecticide in toilet paper as a bait matrix in a field experiment...
May 3, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Zhikun Liang, Rui Pang, Yi Dong, Zhongxiang Sun, Yan Ling, Wenqing Zhang
Cytochrome P450-mediated metabolic resistance is one of the major mechanisms involved in insecticide resistance. Although the up-regulation of cytochrome P450 plays a vital role in insecticide metabolism, the molecular basis for the transcriptional regulation of cytochrome P450 remains largely unknown. The P450 gene CYP6ER1, has been reported to confer imidacloprid resistance to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Here, we identified a novel alternative transcript of CYP6ER1 (transcript A2) that had different expression patterns between resistant and susceptible population, and was more stable after insecticide induction...
April 29, 2017: Insect Science
Xiang Wei, Yiou Pan, Xuecheng Xin, Chao Zheng, Xiwu Gao, Jinghui Xi, Qingli Shang
A thiamethoxam-resistant strain of cotton aphid (ThR) displayed a 13.79-fold greater resistance to thiamethoxam than a susceptible cotton aphid (SS) strain. Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and triphenyl phosphate (TPP) synergistically increased the toxicity of thiamethoxam in the resistant strain, whereas diethyl maleate (DEM) did not exhibit significant synergistic effects. Bioassay results indicated that the ThR strain developed increased levels of cross-resistance to bifenthrin (11.71 fold), cyfluthrin (17.90 fold), esfenvalerate (6...
May 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Ana Santos Pereira, Maria José Cerejeira, Michiel A Daam
The fate of imidacloprid and its potential side-effects on biological communities and ecosystem functioning was studied in experimental rice plots. In addition, the influence of applying a withholding period of zero days (actual practices) and seven days (recommended in EU) on this was evaluated. Predicted environmental concentrations (PEC) of imidacloprid calculated with the higher-tier model RICEWQ agreed well with concentrations measured in the field. Methodologies generally used in the EU and USA for lower-tier PEC calculation, however, severely underestimated actual field concentrations and hence appear to need further evaluation and eventually amendments...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Jing Ge, Kai Cui, Huangqian Yan, Yong Li, Yangyang Chai, Xianjin Liu, Jiangfeng Cheng, Xiangyang Yu
Uptake and translocation of imidacloprid (IMI), thiamethoxam (THX) and difenoconazole (DFZ) in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) were investigated with a soil-treated experiment at two application rates: field rate (FR) and 10*FR under laboratory conditions. The dissipation of the three compounds in soil followed the first-order kinetics and DFZ showed greater half-lives than IMI and THX. Detection of the three compounds in rice tissues indicated that rice plants could take up and accumulate these pesticides. The concentrations of IMI and THX detected in leaves (IMI, 10...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"