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Shun-Fan Wu, Bin Zeng, Chen Zheng, Xi-Chao Mu, Yong Zhang, Jun Hu, Shuai Zhang, Cong-Fen Gao, Jin-Liang Shen
The brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, is an economically important pest on rice in Asia. Chemical control is still the most efficient primary way for rice planthopper control. However, due to the intensive use of insecticides to control this pest over many years, resistance to most of the classes of chemical insecticides has been reported. In this article, we report on the status of eight insecticides resistance in Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) collected from China over the period 2012-2016. All of the field populations collected in 2016 had developed extremely high resistance to imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, and buprofezin...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Adrienne J Bartlett, Amanda M Hedges, Kyna D Intini, Lisa R Brown, France J Maisonneuve, Stacey A Robinson, Patricia L Gillis, Shane R de Solla
Neonicotinoid insecticides are environmentally persistent and highly water-soluble, and thus are prone to leaching into surface waters where they may negatively affect non-target aquatic insects. Most of the research to date has focused on imidacloprid, and few data are available regarding the effects of other neonicotinoids or their proposed replacements (butenolide insecticides). The objective of this study was to assess the toxicity of six neonicotinoids (imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, clothianidin, thiacloprid, and dinotefuran) and one butenolide (flupyradifurone) to Hexagenia spp...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Damon A D'Ambrosio, Anders S Huseth, George G Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Reports of neonicotinoid seed treatment (NST) failure against Frankliniella fusca in the Mid-South and Southeastern United States led to the discovery of widespread resistance in these insect populations. Previous studies of NSTs in other crops have shown the concentration of the insecticide to change over time, which could reduce its efficacy. To understand this relationship in cotton with F. fusca, our study examined how plant age alters the effects of NSTs (imidacloprid, imidacloprid+thiodicarb, thiamethoxam) by examining larval establishment at multiple seedling ages during the period of cotton seedling susceptibility to this insect...
March 13, 2018: Pest Management Science
Ying Zhou, Xiaoxia Lu, Xiaofang Fu, Bo Yu, Dan Wang, Cheng Zhao, Qi Zhang, Ying Tan, Xinyi Wang
A method for simultaneous measure of nine neonicotinoid insecticide residues in soil was developed by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) coupled with a quick pretreatment procedure. The soil was extracted with a mixture of acetonitrile and dichloromethane (1:2, v:v) and cleaned up with Primary Secondary Amine (PSA). Matrix-matched standards were prepared to eliminate the interference of the matrix. The LC-MS/MS conditions were optimized to separate the nine neonicotinoids within 6...
August 3, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Rodrigo Cupertino Bernardes, Wagner Faria Barbosa, Gustavo Ferreira Martins, Maria Augusta Pereira Lima
Large-scale pesticide application poses a major threat to bee biodiversity by causing a decline in bee populations that, in turn, compromises ecosystem maintenance and agricultural productivity. Biopesticides are considered an alternative to synthetic pesticides with a focus on reducing potential detrimental effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. The production of healthy queen stingless bees is essential for the survival and reproduction of hives, although it remains unknown whether biopesticides influence stingless bee reproduction...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Louise Elizabeth Bird, Graham Bilbrough, Ronan Fitzgerald, David John Walker
Objectives: To determine the time from treatment with a product containing imidacloprid 10 per cent/moxidectin 2.5 per cent spot-on (Advocate™), to dogs becoming negative for Angiostrongylus vasorum (A. vasorum). The authors hypothesised that most dogs would have resolution of A. vasorum within four weeks of treatment with Advocate™. Design: Prospective, non-randomised, prepost treatment study. Setting: Cases were enrolled from general practices along the southern coast of the United Kingdom...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
Sinue I Morales, Ana M Martínez, Elisa Viñuela, Juan M Chavarrieta, José I Figueroa, Marcela I Schneider, Fernando Tamayo, Samuel Pineda
Lethal and sublethal effects of refined soybean oil, imidacloprid, and abamectin on Tamarixia triozae (Burks; Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) were assessed after exposure of the eggs, larvae, and pupae of this parasitoid to three concentrations of these active substances: the LC50 for fourth-instar Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc.; Hemiptera: Triozidae) and 50% and 100% of the minimum field-registered concentration (MiFRC). Soybean oil caused 26-61% mortality in T. triozae eggs and 6-19% in larvae; mortality in both eggs and larvae was ≤19% for imidacloprid and 4-100% for abamectin...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Vinicius A D'Ávila, Wagner F Barbosa, Raul N C Guedes, G Christopher Cutler
Insecticides can affect biological control by parasitoids. Here, we examined the lethal and sublethal effects of two conventional insecticides, imidacloprid and lambda-cyhalothrin, and a reduced-risk bioinsecticide, spinosad, on the aphid parasitoid Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Concentration-mortality curves generated from insecticide residue bioassays found that wasps were nearly 20-fold more susceptible to spinosad than imidacloprid and lambda-cyhalothrin. Imidacloprid and lambda-cyhalothrin compromised adult parasitoid longevity, but not as dramatically as spinosad: concentrations >200 ng spinosad/cm2 reduced wasp longevity by half...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
S Henrik Barmentlo, Maarten Schrama, Ellard R Hunting, Roel Heutink, Peter M van Bodegom, Geert R de Snoo, Martina G Vijver
Agricultural ditches host a diverse community of species. These species often are unwarrantedly exposed to fertilizers and a wide-array of pesticides (hereafter: agrochemicals). Standardized ecotoxicological research provides valuable information to predict whether these pesticides possibly pose a threat to the organisms living within these ditches, in particular macro-invertebrates. However, knowledge on how mixtures of these agrochemicals affect macro-invertebrates under realistic abiotic conditions and with population and community complexity is mostly lacking...
March 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jiangong Jiang, Dicheng Ma, Nan Zou, Xin Yu, Zhengqun Zhang, Feng Liu, Wei Mu
Neonicotinoid insecticides (NIs) have recently been recognized as co-factors in the decline of honeybee colonies because most neonicotinoids are systemic and can transfer into the pollen and nectar of many pollinated crops. In this study, we collected pollen, nectar and leaves from a cotton crop treated with imidacloprid and thiamethoxam to measure the residue levels of these two NIs at different application doses during the flowering period. Then, the residual data were used to assess the risk posed by the systemic insecticides to honeybees following mandated methods published by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), and a highly toxic risk to honeybees was highlighted...
February 27, 2018: Chemosphere
John E Casida
Insecticide radioligands allow the direct recognition and analysis of the targets and mechanisms of toxic action critical to effective and safe pest control. These radioligands are either the insecticides themselves or analogs that bind at the same or coupled sites. Preferred radioligands and their targets, often in both insects and mammals, are trioxabicyclooctanes for the GABA receptor, avermectin for the Glutamate receptor, imidacloprid for the nicotinic receptor, ryanodine and chlorantraniliprole for the ryanodine receptor, and rotenone or pyridaben for NADH+ ubiquinone oxidoreductase...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Evelyn Fletcher, Kelly T Morgan, Jawwad A Qureshi, Jorge A Leiva, Peter Nkedi-Kizza
Imidacloprid (IM) is used to control the Asian Citrus Psyllid (ACP) and citrus leafminer (CLM), which are related to the spread of huanglongbing (HLB or citrus greening) and citrus canker diseases, respectively. In Florida citrus, imidacloprid is mainly soil-drenched around the trees for proper root uptake and translocation into plant canopy to impact ACP and CLM. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of imidacloprid rate, and irrigate amount on concentration of imidacloprid in the soil following drench application to citrus trees in three age classes...
2018: PloS One
Juan Manuel Montiel-León, Sung Vo Duy, Gabriel Munoz, Marc Amyot, Sébastien Sauvé
A study was initiated to investigate a fast and reliable method for the determination of selected systemic insecticides in water matrixes and to evaluate potential sources of bias in their analysis. Acetamiprid, clothianidin, desnitro-imidacloprid, dinotefuran, fipronil, imidacloprid, nitenpyram, thiacloprid, and thiamethoxam were amenable to analysis via on-line sample enrichment hyphenated to ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The selection of on-line solid-phase extraction parameters was dictated by a multicriterion desirability approach...
March 5, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Gilad Segev, Alicia Rojas, Eran Lavy, Marganit Yaffe, Itamar Aroch, Gad Baneth
BACKGROUND: Dogs are the definitive hosts of Spirocerca lupi. Spirocercosis is treated by prolonged avermectin administration by injection or daily oral doses. In this prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, clinical trial, the efficacy of imidacloprid and moxidectin spot-on formulation (Advocate®) was compared to injectable doramectin (Dectomax®). Dogs diagnosed with benign esophageal spirocercosis were divided randomly into doramectin (400 μg/kg IM) or moxidectin and imidacloprid spot-on (2...
March 5, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Emma M Thrift, Megan V Herlihy, Anna K Wallingford, Donald C Weber
Harlequin bug, Murgantia histrionica (Hahn) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is a widespread pest that feeds on a variety of brassicaceous crops and other plants. To understand olfactory cues that mediate host-finding, and their possible utility in pest management, we deployed aggregation pheromone (mixed murgantiols = 10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ols) and/or isothiocyanate (ITC) host plant volatiles with potted host plants and nonhost soybean, in field choice bioassays. Adults of both sexes were strongly attracted (10-31×) to collard host plants baited with pheromone lures, compared with unbaited collards, as were nymphs...
February 28, 2018: Environmental Entomology
Emilie Bouhsira, Katrin Deuster, Emmanuel Lienard, Christophe Le Sueur, Michel Franc
BACKGROUND: Two laboratory experiments (Studies 1 and 2) were conducted to confirm the efficacy of an imidacloprid and permethrin combination (Advantix® Spot-on, Bayer) to repel and kill Phlebotomus (Larroussius) perniciosus sand flies when applied once a month topically to dogs. METHODS: Both studies compared dogs treated with a combination containing 100 mg/ml imidacloprid + 500 mg/ml permethrin (Advantix® Spot-on, Bayer) to placebo treated dogs. The treatments were applied topically on Day -28 (Study 2) and Day 0 (Studies 1 and 2)...
March 2, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Qingyun Diao, Beibei Li, Hongxia Zhao, Yanyan Wu, Rui Guo, Pingli Dai, Dafu Chen, Qiang Wang, Chunsheng Hou
Though honeybee populations have not yet been reported to be largely lost in China, many stressors that affect the health of honeybees have been confirmed. Honeybees inevitably come into contact with environmental stressors that are not intended to target honeybees, such as pesticides. Although large-scale losses of honeybee colonies are thought to be associated with viruses, these viruses usually lead to covert infections and to not cause acute damage if the bees do not encounter outside stressors. To reveal the potential relationship between acute pesticides and viruses, we applied different doses of imidacloprid to adult bees that were primarily infected with low levels (4...
February 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Shakirullah Khan Shakir, Shahid Irfan, Basreen Akhtar, Shafiq Ur Rehman, Muhammad Khan Daud, Nadia Taimur, Azizullah Azizullah
Excessive use of pesticides can adversely affect the growth of non-target host plants in different ways. Pesticide-induced stress can affect non-target plants through elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) responsible for detrimental effects on cell metabolism, biochemical and other physiological activities. In response to oxidative stress, plant activates antioxidant defense system consisting of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic components. In the present investigation, three commonly used pesticides, emamectin benzoate, alpha-cypermethrin and imidacloprid, were assessed for causing oxidative stress in tomato...
March 1, 2018: Ecotoxicology
Emily N Bick, Nora J Forbes, Christopher Haugen, Grant Jones, Shawn Bernick, Fredric Miller
Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis (Fairmaire; Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is decimating ash trees (Fraxinus spp.) in North America. Combatting EAB includes the use of insecticides; however, reported insecticide efficacy varies among published studies. This study assessed the effects of season of application, insecticide active ingredient, and insecticide application rate on green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh.) (Lamiales: Oleaceae) canopy decline caused by EAB over a 5- to 7-yr interval. Data suggested that spring treatments were generally more effective in reducing canopy decline than fall treatments, but this difference was not statistically significant...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Molly D Savadelis, Jennifer L Roveto, Cameon M Ohmes, Joe A Hostetler, Terry L Settje, Michael T Dzimianski, Andrew R Moorhead
BACKGROUND: The use of heat-treatment in canine and feline serum has been hypothesized to break the formation of antigen-antibody complexes, thereby freeing the heartworm antigen allowing for detection by commercially available heartworm antigen kits. While studies have analyzed the effect of heat-treating serum and plasma samples in the detection of heartworm antigen, these studies have not utilized necropsy verified results for validation. This study evaluated the use of heat-treating serum samples in experimentally infected dogs during adulticidal treatment in comparison with necropsy adult heartworm recovery...
February 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
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