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Yoon Hae Kwak, Jae-Hyun Kim, Young-Chang Kim, Kun-Bo Park
Background and purpose: Closed reduction and lateral-only pin fixation is one of the common treatment methods for displaced supracondylar fracture in children. However, several risk factors related to the stability have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the medial comminution as a potential risk factor related to the stability after appropriate lateral-only pin fixation for Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fracture. Methods: Sixty-seven patients with type III supracondylar fractures who were under the age of 12 years were included...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Diogo Lino Moura, António Figueiredo
Objective: Retrospective case-control study on the authors' experience regarding arthroplasty in high congenital dislocations of the hip in adults. Methods: Sample with 11 high congenital hip dislocations (Hartofilakidis type C) that occurred in seven patients, who were submitted to hip arthroplasty by the same surgeon and with the same surgical technique. Mean follow-up period was 4.32 ± 2.67 years (minimum one year) and all patients were evaluated by the same examiner...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Rodrigo Fileto Gavaldão Moreira, Alexandre Yukio Nishimi, Enrico Montorsi Zanon, Thales Santos Rama, Rodrigo Pacheco Lessa Ciofi, Eiffel Tsuyoshi Dobashi
Objective: This study is aimed at determining, through a cross-sectional study, the preferred therapeutic method in Brazil considering the approach to Gartland type II and III supracondylar humerus fractures during childhood. Methods: The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Plataforma Brasil and the material was collected during the 46th Brazilian Orthopedics and Traumatology Congress. A questionnaire was developed to analyze two clinical scenarios about Gartland type II and III fractures...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Qing Zhou, Qingquan Kong, Bo Gao
Objective: To analyze the treatment of Gartland type Ⅱ and Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of the humerus in children. Methods: Between January 2015 and January 2017, 45 cases of Gartland type Ⅱ and Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of the humerus were treated. There were 28 boys and 17 girls with an age of 1-13 years (mean, 5.7 years). The causes of injury included sports injury in 43 cases and falling from height in 2 cases. Fractures were classified as type Ⅱ in 12 cases and type Ⅲ in 33 cases according to Gartland classification...
June 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Saravanan Kasirajan, Rajesh Govindasamy, Bhava Ramalingam Jawaharlal Sathish, Jimmy Joseph Meleppuram
Objective: The current study aims at a functional analysis of trans-olecranon lateral pinning for displaced supracondylar fracture of the humerus (SCFH) in children. Methods: A prospective study of 48 children (30 males, 18 females; mean age: 7.4 years) with displaced SCFH was treated at this institution with modified technique from March 2011 to September 2014. Cases were selected on the basis of inclusion criteria. The functional outcome was assessed clinically by modified Flynn's criteria along with achievement of full range of motion...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Ke-Jie Fan, Ke Chen, Wen-Long Ma, Ke-Wei Tian, Ye Ye, Hong-Gan Chen, Yan-Feng Tang, Hong-Min Cai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of minimally invasive mini-incision and instrumented reduction combined with interlocking intramedullary nailing in the treatment of patients with multi-segment fracture of complex femoral shaft. METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2016, 32 patients with multiple fractures segments of femoral shaft were treated with instrumentation-assisted reduction combined with interlocking intramedullary nailing, including 22 males and 10 females with an average age of 45 years old ranging 17 to 68 years old...
May 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
D Meijering, G J Harsevoort, A J M Janus, S H van Helden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Lin-Guo, Xue-Ning Zhang, Jian-Ping Yang, Zhi Wang, Yang Qi, Shan-Zhu, Xiang-Hong Meng
BACKGROUND: The objective of this meta-analysis was to illustrate the clinical outcomes and safety of two different managements for supracondylar humeral fractures in children. METHODS: In January 2018, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google database. Data on patients prepared for two different managements for supracondylar humeral fractures in children were retrieved...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Lucas Azzolin, Audrey Angelliaume, Luke Harper, Abdelfettah Lalioui, Anaïs Delgove, Yan Lefèvre
BACKGROUND: Supracondylar humeral fractures (SCHFs) are very common in paediatric patients. In France, percutaneous fixation with two lateral-entry pins is widely used after successful closed reduction. Post-operative immobilisation is typically with a long arm cast combined with a tubular-bandage sling that immobilises the shoulder and holds the arm in adduction and internal rotation to prevent external rotation of the shoulder, which might cause secondary displacement. The objective of this study was to compare this standard immobilisation technique to a posterior plaster splint with a simple sling...
May 25, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Shangzeng Wang, Shengchao Wu, Mingcan You, Qiang Li, Fuzeng Zheng
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of one-stage total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for femoral supracondylar fracture combined with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Between January 2012 and March 2015, a total of 19 patients (19 knees) with femoral supracondylar fracture and knee osteoarthritis were treated with one-stage TKA. Of 19 cases, 8 were male and 11 were female with an average age of 69.6 years (range, 60-85 years). The mean body mass index was 22.6 kg/m 2 (range, 22...
December 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Keiichiro Oura, Atsuo Shigi, Kunihiro Oka, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Murase
BACKGROUND: Extension deformity of the distal humerus after a malunited supracondylar fracture can restrict elbow flexion. Here we report a computer-assisted operative procedure and review the results of clinical cases in which corrective surgery was performed. METHODS: The medical records of the patients who underwent corrective osteotomy for hyperextended elbow malunion of the distal humerus with limited elbow flexion (flexion angle ≤100°) were reviewed retrospectively...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Peter M Waters, Brian W Yang, Doreen White, Ellen Barth, Vincent Chiang, Arielle Mizrahi-Arnaud, William Sparks
BACKGROUND: Providing high-value care for urgent orthopaedic trauma patients requires effective and timely treatment. Herein, we describe the implementation of an innovative program utilizing the operating room (OR) capacity of a satellite campus to decrease stress on a pediatric tertiary care center without jeopardizing patient safety. METHODS: In addition to the daily emergency surgical room on the main campus, a dedicated orthopaedic trauma surgery OR was established in a satellite hospital location for 3 days per week in the summer and for 2 days per week for the rest of the year...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Andrew Ker, Claire Murnaghan, James S Huntley
Introduction For supracondylar humeral (SCH) fractures, biomechanical studies suggest the most stable wire configuration achieves bi-columnar fixation. Achieving medial column fixation using lateral-entry-only wires may require an intracapsular entry point. The aim of this study was to identify the rate of bi-columnar fixation achieved in our department when treating SCH fractures with percutaneous wire fixation. A secondary aim was to identify the rate of placement of an intra-articular wire. Further aims were to examine if failure to achieve bi-columnar fixation was associated with an increased loss of fixation and whether the placement of an intra-articular wire resulted in any cases of deep infection or septic arthritis...
March 13, 2018: Curēus
Mirjam Niklasch, Elizabeth R Boyer, Tom Novacheck, Thomas Dreher, Michael Schwartz
AIM: Femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) can be conducted either proximally or distally to correct internal rotation gait (IRG) and increased anteversion in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Previous studies with limited numbers of participants have presented comparable short-term static and kinematic outcomes for both techniques. The objective of this retrospective multicentre study was to verify this thesis with a larger number of patients. METHOD: In total, 119 children with CP and IRG were included after matching the groups on preoperative mean stance hip rotation: 67 intertrochanteric (proximal group) FDO (average age at surgery 9y [SD 3y]); 52 supracondylar (distal group) FDO (average age at surgery 12y [SD 3y])...
May 7, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Parmanand Gupta, Munish Sood, Sandeep Gupta, Ravi Gupta
Fracture of lateral condyle with dislocation of the elbow joint is rare in pediatric age. Diagnosis and management of these injuries could be a challenge. Delayed presentation of such injuries could be mistaken for a malunited supracondylar fracture of the humerus and treatment of these injuries remains controversial. We present 2 such cases, where the diagnosis of dislocation of elbow was missed at initial presentation and caused diagnostic confusion at late presentation. The problems faced in the diagnosis of these injuries and the management of late presenting cases are discussed...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Önder Kalenderer, Ali Turgut, Emre Bilgin, Serkan Erkus, Fikri B İpci, Tunc P Edizsoy
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of resident level of training on fluoroscopy duration in pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures treated with closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP). Methods After classifying the surgeons according to their seniorities, the duration of fluoroscopy time of 80 patients with extension type III supracondylar fractures during reduction and pinning was recorded. Results The time duration of reduction procedures was similar in all groups with respect to the surgical experience; however, time durations of percutaneous pinning procedures were found statistically different between groups (p=0...
February 28, 2018: Curēus
Kiwook Yang, In-Jang Choi, Jae-Ho Lee
PURPOSE: The retention and capture functions of hand can be achieved by the consistent manner work of the extensor and flexor muscles. Therefore, it is important to know variations of the extensor and flexor muscles. METHODS: During an educational dissection, accessory heads of the extensor carpi radialis longus muscle were found on the right side in a Korean cadaver. RESULTS: The extensor carpi radialis longus muscle was originated from the lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus and trifurcated into three heads as lateral, intermediated, and medial heads...
April 30, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Hyun-Chul Shon, Ji-Kang Park, Dong-Soo Kim, Sang-Woo Kang, Kook-Jong Kim, Seok-Hyun Hong
The supracondylar process is a beak-shaped bony process on the anteromedial aspect of the distal humerus. The ligament of Struthers is a fibrous band extending from the tip of the process to the medial epicondyle. The median nerve and brachial artery pass under the ligament of Struthers and consequently can be compressed, causing supracondylar process syndrome. As a rare cause of proximal median nerve entrapment, supracondylar process syndrome is triggered when the median nerve is located in the superficial or deep layer of the ligament of Struthers as a result of anatomical variation...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Margaret Siobhan Murphy-Zane, Laura Pyle
The Gartland classification of pediatric supracondylar humerus (SCH) fractures is commonly used but inconsistently defined regarding type 1 and type 2 (posteriorly hinged) SCH fractures. This study examined the reliability of the anterior humeral line (AHL) index compared with the Gartland classification. Fifty consecutive SCH fractures on anteroposterior and lateral elbow radiographs in pediatric patients (age range, 18 months to 15 years) were classified by 11 observers (9 attendings and 2 residents) according to the Gartland classification (types 1, 2, and 3) and the AHL index (AHL0, AHL passes anterior to the capitellum; AHL1, anterior one-third capitellum; and AHL2, middle one-third capitellum), with recommendations for treatment (cast immobilization vs surgery)...
April 27, 2018: Orthopedics
Chien-An Shih, Wei-Ren Su, Wei-Chin Lin, Tai-Wei Tai
PURPOSE: There are two widely used distal humerus fracture (DHF) fixation methods with either orthogonal or parallel double-plate osteosynthesis. However, biomechanical studies have shown inconsistent results on which technique is more effective. We performed a meta-analysis to compare these two fixation methods for adult DHF fixation. METHODS: We searched the literature for entries discussing the biomechanical testing of orthogonal and parallel fixation techniques for DHFs...
April 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
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