Read by QxMD icon Read

crohn's abscess

Xiaolong Ge, Dong Hu, Yu Cao, Zhijian Liu, Chao Ding, Hongliang Tian, Jianfeng Gong, Weiming Zhu, Ning Li, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Crohn's Disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease accompanied by many complications, such as intra-abdominal abscess (IAA). A frequent problem in CD is the discrimination of fever caused by exacerbated bowel inflammation or IAA. METHODS: A total of 80 CD patients complaining with fever episodes were included prospectively. PCT, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and white blood cell count (WBC) were evaluated on admission...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Tao Peng, Liming Dong, Zhihua Zhu, Jing Cui, Qian Li, Xin Li, Heshui Wu, Chunyou Wang, Zhiyong Yang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Some deep pelvic abscesses are not accessible through anterior or lateral approaches because of the presence of organs and structures. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a percutaneous presacral space approach by reviewing our clinical experience and the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The outcomes of 12 patients, who have undergone computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous presacral space drainage, were retrospectively reviewed, including demographic, clinical, and morphological data in the medical records...
October 12, 2016: Academic Radiology
Sophie Restellini, Olivier Chazouillères, Jean-Louis Frossard
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are associated with various hepatobiliary disorders, reported both in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). They may occur at any moment in the natural course of the disease. The prevalence of liver dysfunction rises from 3% to 50% accordingly to definitions. Fatty liver is considered as the most common hepatobiliary complication in IBD whilst primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) the most specific one. Less frequently, IBD-associated hepatobiliary disorders include: autoimmune hepatitis/PSC overlap syndrome, IgG4-associated cholangiopathy, primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), hepatic amyloidosis, granulomatous hepatitis, cholelithiasis, portal vein thrombosis, and liver abscess...
October 6, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Natashia M Seemann, Sebastian K King, Abdul Elkadri, Thomas Walters, Joel Fish, Jacob C Langer
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Perianal Crohn's disease (PCD) can affect both quality of life and psychological wellbeing. A subset of pediatric patients with complex PCD require surgical intervention, although appropriate timing and treatment regimens remain unclear. This study aimed to describe a large pediatric cohort in a tertiary center to determine the range of surgical management in children with complex PCD. METHODS: A retrospective review of children requiring operative intervention for PCD over 13 years (2002-2014) was performed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Daniel G Rosenbaum, Maire A Conrad, David M Biko, Eduardo D Ruchelli, Judith R Kelsen, Sudha A Anupindi
BACKGROUND: Imaging predictors for surgery in children with Crohn disease are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To identify imaging features of the terminal ileum on short-interval bowel ultrasound (US) and MR enterography (MRE) in children with Crohn disease requiring surgical bowel resection and those managed by medical therapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated patients 18 years and younger with Crohn disease undergoing short-interval bowel US and MRE (within 2 months of one another), as well as subsequent ileocecectomy or endoscopy within 3 months of imaging...
September 29, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Ahsan Raza, Bashar Safar, Rida Jamil, Lindsey Goldstein, Sanda Tan, Atif Iqbal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
G Chawdhary, S Hussain, R Corbridge
Central skull-base osteomyelitis (CSBO) is a rare life-threatening infection, usually resulting from medial spread of necrotising otitis externa. Here, we describe a case with no identifiable source of infection, causing a delay in diagnosis. An 80-year-old man with Crohn's disease treated with mesalazine presented with collapse and tonic-clonic seizure. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a nasopharyngeal mass that was initially thought to be a neoplasm. Awaiting formal biopsy, he represented with collapse and repeat imaging showed features of abscess formation...
September 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Renáta Bor, Klaudia Farkas, Anita Bálint, Mónika Szűcs, Szabolcs Ábrahám, Ágnes Milassin, Mariann Rutka, Ferenc Nagy, Péter Milassin, Zoltán Szepes, Tamás Molnár
OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and transrectal sonography are the two accepted imaging modalities for evaluation of perianal fistulas and abscesses. Transperineal sonography is a new technique that is easy to learn and can be performed at any time. The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare the diagnostic accuracy of MRI, transrectal sonography, and transperineal sonography with surgical findings in patients with perianal Crohn disease. METHODS: All patients with perianal Crohn disease underwent MRI, transrectal sonography, and transperineal sonography within a few days before surgery...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Laurence Goffin, Stefania Fagagnini, Alain Vicari, Céline Mamie, Hassan Melhem, Bruce Weder, Christian Lutz, Silvia Lang, Michael Scharl, Gerhard Rogler, Yolande Chvatchko, Martin Hausmann
BACKGROUND: Despite medical treatments or surgical options, more than one-third of patients with Crohn's disease suffer from recurring fistulae. Matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP-9), a type IV collagenase that cleaves components of the extracellular matrix leading to tissue remodeling, is upregulated in crypt abscesses and around fistulae suggesting an important role for this enzyme in fistula formation. Our aims were (1) to correlate serum levels of MMP-9 degradation products in patients with CD with the presence of fistulae and (2) to investigate the impact of selective MMP-9 inhibition in a mouse model of intestinal fibrosis...
September 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Stanislaus Argeny, Anton Stift, Martina Mittlböck, Amy C Lord, Svenja Maschke, Mathias Schneeweiß, Stefan Riss
PURPOSE: Due to a lack of data, the present study was designed to assess the impact of advanced age on surgical characteristics and short-term outcome of patients operated on for symptomatic Crohn's disease. METHODS: We enrolled 454 consecutive Crohn's disease patients, who underwent intestinal resection at an academic tertiary referral center between 1997 and 2012. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to their age (group I: <30 years, group II: 30-50 years, group III: >50 years) and analyzed retrospectively...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Natasha Shah, Lara Dakhoul, Adam Treitman, Muhammed Tabriz, Charles Berkelhammer
Purulent skeletal muscle abscesses can occur in Crohn's disease. We report a case of a sterile seroma complicating percutaneous drainage of a purulent skeletal muscle abscess in Crohn's ileitis. We compare and contrast this case with a similar case we published earlier. We emphasize the importance of recognition and differentiation from a septic purulent abscess.
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Ujjawal Roy, Ajay Panwar, Alak Pandit, Susanta Kumar Das, Bhushan Joshi
Metronidazole is an antimicrobial agent mainly used in the treatment of several protozoal and anaerobic infections, additionally, is often used in hepatic encephalopathy and Crohn disease. Apart from peripheral neuropathy, metronidazole can also cause symptoms of central nervous system dysfunction like ataxic gait, dysarthria, seizures, and encephalopathy which may result from both short term and chronic use of this drug and is collectively termed as "metronidazole induced encephalopathy"(MIE). Neuroimaging forms the backbone in clinching the diagnosis of this uncommon entity, especially in cases where there is high index of suspicion of intoxication...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Chenjing Zhu, Xuelei Ma, Luqi Xue, Jing Xu, Qingfang Li, Yun Wang, Jing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Crohn disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing disease. Imaging modalities are essential for the diagnosis and assessment of CD. Small intestine contrast ultrasonography (SICUS) is a well-tolerated, noninvasive and radiation-free modality and has shown potential in CD assessment. We aimed at evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of SICUS in the detection and assessment of small-bowel lesions and complications in CD. METHODS: We searched PubMed database for relevant studies published before April 24, 2016...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Julián Panés, Damián García-Olmo, Gert Van Assche, Jean Frederic Colombel, Walter Reinisch, Daniel C Baumgart, Axel Dignass, Maria Nachury, Marc Ferrante, Lili Kazemi-Shirazi, Jean C Grimaud, Fernando de la Portilla, Eran Goldin, Marie Paule Richard, Anne Leselbaum, Silvio Danese
BACKGROUND: Complex perianal fistulas in Crohn's disease are challenging to treat. Allogeneic, expanded, adipose-derived stem cells (Cx601) are a promising new therapeutic approach. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of Cx601 for treatment-refractory complex perianal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS: We did this randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study at 49 hospitals in seven European countries and Israel from July 6, 2012, to July 27, 2015...
September 24, 2016: Lancet
Sergio Gentilli, Alberto Oldani, Manuela Zanni, Erika Ferreri, Alfonso Terrone, Guido Valente, Pietro Occhipinti
AIM: Gastro-splenic fistula is a rare entity in which malignant tumors are the primary cause, followed by perforated peptic ulcers and Crohn's disease. CASE REPORT: A 66 years old patient undergoing chemotherapy for gastric large cells B lymphoma presented fever, fatigue and worsening of general conditions. A CT scan showed the presence of an abdominal abscess resulting from a pathological communication between stomach and spleen. RESULTS: En - bloc splenectomy and gastric wedge resection was performed; gastric wall was sutured with a linear stapler...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Simon Peter Wespi, Remus Frei, Michael Christian Sulz
Oesophageal involvement in Crohn's disease (CD) is uncommon and most often accompanied by involvement of more distal parts. Its presentation is mostly non-specific, and therefore a diagnosis, especially in isolated oesophageal disease, is difficult. We present the case of a 42-year-old male patient who was referred to our gastroenterology department because of a para-oesophageal abscess. Under antibiotic treatment the abscess healed, but despite great diagnostic efforts, its aetiology remained unclear. Three years later the patient was hospitalized again because of an abscess at the same site...
January 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Glenn Harvin, George Kasarala
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by recurring abscesses, nodules, and fistulas predominantly in the groin and axillae. The association between HS and Crohn's disease (CD) has been well documented. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors have shown to be effective in treating both HS and CD. We report 2 patients who developed HS while on TNF inhibitor treatment for CD.
January 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Gisele Aaltonen, Ilona Keränen, Monika Carpelan-Holmström, Ritja Savolainen, Riikka Lindén, Anna Lepistö
AIMS: The present study compares preoperative magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) accuracy in diagnosing stenoses, abscesses and fistulas to intraoperative findings in Crohn's disease patients, and determines whether discordance between these methods alter surgical plans. METHODS: Our study included 55 consecutive patients scheduled for elective surgery due to Crohn's disease in a single institution between January 2011 and May 2015, whose surgical findings were also compared to preoperative MREs...
July 7, 2016: Digestive Surgery
Lori A Zimmerman, Constantine G Saites, Sigrid Bairdain, Chueh Lien, David Zurakowski, Robert C Shamberger, Bradley C Linden, Athos Bousvaros
OBJECTIVES: Infliximab (IFX) has become a mainstay of therapy for children with Crohn disease (CD). Despite medical advances, many children with CD, however, still require operative interventions. The risk of complications following resection in children treated with IFX remains largely unknown. We compare surgical outcomes stratified by IFX therapy in a cohort of children with CD who require bowel resection. METHODS: We reviewed the postoperative complications in 123 children with CD who underwent bowel resection with primary anastomosis at our institution between 1977 and 2011...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Francesco Pallone, Emma Calabrese
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that primarily affects small intestine and colon and causes tissue damage. The aetiology of CD is unknown, but a large body of evidence suggests that the pathological process is driven by excessive immune response, which is direct against components of the luminal flora and sustained by defects in counter-regulatory mechanisms. CD is a transmural progressive and destructive disease leading to irreversible bowel damage characterized by stenosis of the intestinal lumen and penetrating lesions such as fistulas and abscesses...
June 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"