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Occupational therapy and pain management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532478/study-protocol-a-double-blind-randomised-control-trial-of-high-volume-image-guided-injections-in-achilles-and-patellar-tendinopathy-in-a-young-active-population
#1
Robert M Barker-Davies, Alastair Nicol, I McCurdie, James Watson, Polly Baker, Patrick Wheeler, Daniel Fong, Mark Lewis, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Chronic tendinopathy is a significant problem particularly in active populations limiting sporting and occupational performance. The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy in some sports is near 50% and the incidence of lower limb tendinopathy is 1.4% p.a. in the UK Military. Management includes isometric, eccentric, heavy slow resistance exercises and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT). Often these treatments are inadequate yet there is no good evidence for injection therapies and success rates from surgery can be as low as 50%...
May 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527504/telehealth-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Adam S Tenforde, Jaye E Hefner, Jodi E Kodish-Wachs, Mary A Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni
Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and outpatient settings. Patients with impaired mobility and those living in locations with reduced access to care may particularly benefit...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507969/core-decompression-with-synthetic-grafting-as-a-joint-preservation-strategy-in-humeral-avascular-necrosis-due-to-sickle-cell-anemia-a-case-report
#3
Andrew M Steffensmeier, Karen Kirkham, John M Wiemann
INTRODUCTION: Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral or humeral heads in patients with sickle cell anemia is a common and painful condition. There is currently no gold standard treatment protocol for this condition. Typically, the pain is managed with narcotics and activity restriction until there has been collapse of the subchondral bone with a degree of arthrosis sufficient to warrant total joint arthroplasty. This method entails prolonged pain for the patient and decreases the ability to function occupationally and recreationally...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492436/continuous-regional-anesthesia-and-inpatient-rehabilitation-for-pediatric-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#4
Carolina Donado, Kimberly Lobo, María Fe Velarde-Álvarez, Joseph Kim, Anne Kenney, Deirdre Logan, Charles B Berde
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports treatment of pediatric complex regional pain syndromes (CRPS) with physical and occupational therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy. Some patients have persistent pain and/or limb dysfunction despite these treatments. We performed a retrospective study of pediatric patients with CRPS treated by continuous epidural or peripheral perineural local anesthetic infusions along with inpatient rehabilitation at Boston Children's Hospital. METHODS: After approval from the institutional review board, electronic medical records were reviewed for patients treated between September 2003 and September 2014...
May 10, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385481/rehabilitation-services-use-and-patient-reported-outcomes-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#5
Nancy M Gell, Tracy M Mroz, Kushang V Patel
OBJECTIVE: To characterize rehabilitation service use among community-dwelling older adults in the United States by identifying predictors of rehabilitation utilization, patient-reported functional improvement, and rehabilitation goal attainment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study, which used an age-stratified, multistage sampling design and oversampled blacks and the oldest old (≥85y). SETTING: Standardized, in-person home interviews and physical performance testing...
April 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#6
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156488/new-primary-palliative-care-pc-model-for-community-cancer-clinics-ccc
#7
Deborah Gray, Stephanie Struve, Carol Huibregtse, Qiaofang Chen
159 Background: Our CCC serving a mixed rural/urban population is part of a large integrated healthcare system in Eastern WI. The closest PC specialist/team is 45 miles away at one of the tertiary care facilities. To fill this service gap we implemented a primary PC model. An initial outpatient palliative care family conference (OFC) and use of cancer nurse navigators (CNN)are hallmarks of this program. METHODS: The VLCC, housed in a standalone facility is staffed by two medical oncologists and one radiation oncologist and has an infusion center and a full-fledged radiation oncology unit with support staff, including cancer nurse navigators, research nurses, social workers, a clinical psychologist, a pharmacist, a nutritionist, a therapy dog and a chaplain...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027042/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#8
Patricia Siegel, Melissa Tencza, Beverly Apodaca, Janet L Poole
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: We examined 51 Level I studies (19 physical activity, 32 psychoeducational) published 2000-2014 and identified from five databases. Interventions that focused solely on the upper or lower extremities were not included. RESULTS: Findings related to key outcomes (activities of daily living, ability, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, disease symptoms) are presented...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027041/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review
#9
Janet L Poole, Patricia Siegel
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review addresses the effectiveness of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with fibromyalgia. METHOD: We examined the literature published between January 2000 and June 2014. A total of 322 abstracts from five databases were reviewed. Forty-two Level I studies met the inclusion criteria. Studies were evaluated primarily with regard to the following outcomes: daily activities, pain, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and sleep...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938361/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-short-course-personalized-self-management-and-intensive-spa-therapy-intervention-as-active-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-upper-extremities-muska-a-research-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Charlotte Lanhers, Bruno Pereira, Chloé Gay, Christian Hérisson, Christine Levyckyj, Arnaud Dupeyron, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) constitute a major occupational health problem in the working population, substantially impacting the quality of life of employees. They also cause considerable economic cost to the healthcare system, with, notably, the reimbursement of treatments and compensation for lost income. MSDs manifest as localized pain or functional difficulty in one or more anatomical areas, such as the cervical spine, shoulder, elbow, hand, and wrist. Although prevalence varies depending on the region considered and the method of assessment, a prevalence of 30% is found in different epidemiological studies...
December 9, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864586/lifetime-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-non-traumatic-musculoskeletal-pains-amongst-surgeons-and-patients
#11
David N Bernstein, Ankit Sood, Jos J Mellema, Yue Li, David Ring
PURPOSE: There is evidence that surgeons make different recommendations for people seeking their care than they make for themselves. There may also be differences in pain episodes and management strategies between surgeons and people seeking care, knowledge of which might improve care. We aimed to assess whether the prevalence of non-traumatic pains, treatments and other factors differed between patients and surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and twenty surgeons, members of the Science of Variation Group (SOVG), and 248 patients seeking care at the Hand Service at a large academic hospital completed a survey regarding the lifetime incidence of non-traumatic pains lasting > one month using short versions of the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS-4); Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2); and Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI-5)...
January 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842579/does-occupational-therapy-reduce-the-need-for-surgery-in-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ingvild Kjeken, Ruth Else Mehl Eide, Åse Klokkeide, Karin Hoegh Matre, Monika Olsen, Petter Mowinckel, Øyvor Andreassen, Siri Darre, Randi Nossum
BACKGROUND: In the absence of disease-modifying interventions for hand osteoarthritis (OA), occupational therapy (OT) comprising patient education, hand exercises, assistive devices and orthoses are considered as core treatments, whereas surgery are recommended for those with severe carpometacarpal (CMC1) OA. However, even though CMC1 surgery may reduce pain and improve function, the risk of adverse effects is high, and randomized controlled trials comparing surgery with non-surgical interventions are warranted...
November 15, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767950/systematic-review-of-educational-interventions-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Kristine Carandang, Elizabeth A Pyatak, Cheryl L P Vigen
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we systematically reviewed the effectiveness of educational interventions falling within the scope of occupational therapy practice for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These interventions included disease education, joint protection and energy conservation, psychosocial techniques, pain management, and a combination category. METHOD: Two databases, MEDLINE and CINAHL, and select journals were searched for randomized controlled trials published between January 2002 and June 2015...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716221/self-management-of-musculoskeletal-hand-pain-and-hand-problems-in-community-dwelling-adults-aged-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-uk-population
#14
Helen Myers, Krysia Dziedzic, Elaine Nicholls, Peter Croft
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain is common in adults, with the hand being frequently affected. Healthcare services have the potential to be of benefit to adults with hand pain and problems, through promotion and facilitation of self-management. METHODS: This paper explores existing self-management in a UK population of community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and over using data from surveys and a nested clinical cohort study. Self-management of hand problems was considered in three ways: self-directed treatment approaches used, adaptation behaviours adopted and choice to consult with a healthcare professional...
October 6, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639440/easily-administered-patient-reported-outcome-measures-adolescents-perceived-functional-changes-after-completing-an-intensive-chronic-pain-rehabilitation-program
#15
Heidi Kempert, Ethan Benore, Rachel Heines
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patient-reported measures would be clinically sensitive and useful for identifying functional change within an intensive chronic pain program setting by examining 2 patient-reported measures administered as part of physical and occupational therapy for chronic pain. DESIGN: A retrospective data analysis of children and adolescents with chronic pain treated over a single calendar year. Paired t tests evaluated change in perceived function measures and pain over time...
January 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551420/understanding-factors-that-facilitate-the-inclusion-of-pain-education-in-undergraduate-curricula-perspectives-from-a-uk-survey
#16
Eloise Cj Carr, Emma V Briggs, Michelle Briggs, Nick Allcock, Pauline Black, Derek Jones
BACKGROUND: Studies in Europe, North America and Australasia suggest that one in five adults suffer from pain. There is increasing recognition that pain, particularly chronic pain, represents a global health burden. Many studies, including two national surveys exploring the content of undergraduate curricula for pain education, identify that documented pain education in curricula was limited and fragmentary. METHODS: The study design used a questionnaire which included an open text comment box for respondents to add 'further comments' as part of larger study previously published...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417617/who-benefits-from-chronic-opioid-therapy-rethinking-the-question-of-opioid-misuse-risk
#17
REVIEW
Elizabeth Huber, Richard C Robinson, Carl E Noe, Olivia Van Ness
Beginning in the late 1990s, a movement began within the pain management field focused upon the underutilization of opioids, thought to be a potentially safe and effective class of pain medication. Concern for addiction and misuse were present at the start of this shift within pain medicine, and an emphasis was placed on developing reliable and valid methods and measures of identifying those at risk for opioid misuse. Since that time, the evidence for the safety and effectiveness of chronic opioid therapy (COT) has not been established...
May 25, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417611/a-controlled-and-retrospective-study-of-144-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-functional-restoration-program-in-france
#18
Isabelle Caby, Nicolas Olivier, Frédérick Janik, Jacques Vanvelcenaher, Patrick Pelayo
STUDY DESIGN: A controlled and retrospective study of 144 chronic low back pain patients to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive functional restoration program in France. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the efficiency of an intensive, dynamic and multidisciplinary functional restoration program in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP), during 6 and 12 months follow up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Chronic low back pain disease has a multifactor nature, involving physical, psychological professional and social factors...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408698/mechanisms-of-low-back-pain-a-guide-for-diagnosis-and-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Massimo Allegri, Silvana Montella, Fabiana Salici, Adriana Valente, Maurizio Marchesini, Christian Compagnone, Marco Baciarello, Maria Elena Manferdini, Guido Fanelli
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a chronic pain syndrome in the lower back region, lasting for at least 3 months. CLBP represents the second leading cause of disability worldwide being a major welfare and economic problem. The prevalence of CLBP in adults has increased more than 100% in the last decade and continues to increase dramatically in the aging population, affecting both men and women in all ethnic groups, with a significant impact on functional capacity and occupational activities. It can also be influenced by psychological factors, such as stress, depression and/or anxiety...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367949/targeted-pressure-on-abductor-hallucis-and-flexor-hallucis-brevis-muscles-to-manage-moderate-to-severe-primary-restless-legs-syndrome
#20
Phyllis J Kuhn, Daniel J Olson, John P Sullivan
CONTEXT: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) treatments have included medications with many adverse effects and limited utility. A noninvasive device would potentially have extensive use where RLS medications may not be appropriate, such as in pregnant or breastfeeding women, people with mild RLS, people who operate machinery or drive occupationally, people with severely impaired renal function, or people who are taking medications contraindicated with RLS medications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a device that produces targeted pressure on the abductor hallucis and the flexor hallucis brevis muscles to reduce the symptoms of moderate to severe RLS, and to compare the current findings with findings from studies of ropinirole use in patients with primary RLS...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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