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Endocrinology, internal medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057073/effect-of-physician-characteristics-and-knowledge-on-the-quality-of-dyslipidemia-management-and-ldl-c-target-goal-achievement-in-china-subgroup-analysis-of-the-dyslipidemia-international-study
#1
Rongjing Ding, Ping Ye, Shuiping Zhao, Dong Zhao, Xiaowei Yan, Yugang Dong, Jihu Li, Yuqin Ran, Dayi Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of physicians' characteristics and knowledge of LDL-C target goals on the quality of lipid management in China. METHODS: A total of 25 317 dyslipidemia patients who had taken lipid-lowering medication for >3 months were enrolled in our study. Patients' demographic data, medical history, lipid profile, their physician's specialty and professional title and their hospital level as well as their LDL-C goal opinions were recorded...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954485/anti-thyroidal-peroxidase-antibodies-are-associated-with-thyrotropin-levels-in-hypothyroid-patients-and-in-euthyroid-individuals
#2
Barbara Bromińska, Gabriel Bromiński, Maciej Owecki, Michał Michalak, Agata Czarnywojtek, Ryszard Waśko, Marek Ruchała
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the relationship between thyroid antibodies and gland dysfunction, with the aim of finding a clinically useful threshold value of thyreoperoxidase antibodies, which could prove to be predictive for thyroid failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 99 women, ages ranging from 18-91 years (mean age: 45.5 ±17.0), were treated as outpatients in the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940017/critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-a-narrative-review-from-a-multispecialty-task-force-of-the-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-the-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm
#3
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Bram Rochwerg, Sophia C Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To provide a narrative review of the latest concepts and understanding of the pathophysiology of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI). PARTICIPANTS: A multispecialty task force of international experts in critical care medicine and endocrinology and members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM). DATA SOURCES: Medline, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
September 21, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940011/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-i-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#4
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Bram Rochwerg, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Sophia Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2008 consensus statements for the diagnosis and management of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) in adult and pediatric patients. PARTICIPANTS: A multispecialty task force of 16 international experts in Critical Care Medicine, endocrinology, and guideline methods, all of them members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and/or the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. DESIGN/METHODS: The recommendations were based on the summarized evidence from the 2008 document in addition to more recent findings from an updated systematic review of relevant studies from 2008 to 2017 and were formulated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
September 21, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938253/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-i-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#5
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Bram Rochwerg, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Sophia C Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2008 consensus statements for the diagnosis and management of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) in adult and pediatric patients. PARTICIPANTS: A multispecialty task force of 16 international experts in critical care medicine, endocrinology, and guideline methods, all of them members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and/or the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. DESIGN/METHODS: The recommendations were based on the summarized evidence from the 2008 document in addition to more recent findings from an updated systematic review of relevant studies from 2008 to 2017 and were formulated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
December 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938251/critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-a-narrative-review-from-a-multispecialty-task-force-of-the-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-the-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm
#6
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Bram Rochwerg, Sophia C Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To provide a narrative review of the latest concepts and understanding of the pathophysiology of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI). PARTICIPANTS: A multi-specialty task force of international experts in critical care medicine and endocrinology and members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
December 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588968/who-and-national-lists-of-essential-medicines-in-mexico-central-and-south-america-and-the-caribbean-are-they-adequate-to-promote-paediatric-endocrinology-and-diabetes-care
#7
Amanda Rowlands, Alejandra Acosta-Gualandri, Jaime Guevara-Aguirre, Jean-Pierre Chanoine
Paediatric endocrinology and diabetes is a paediatric specialty with less common conditions and higher cost medicines. Access to medicines for our specialty in low and middle income countries remains limited. We analysed the content of the WHO (children and adults) and of all available national Model Lists of Essential Medicines (EMLs) for Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America from a paediatric endocrinology and diabetes standpoint. A master list of medicines deemed necessary in paediatric endocrinology and diabetes was established and compared with the WHO and national EMLs, taking into account the gross national income...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548477/the-100-most-cited-articles-focused-on-thyroid-research-a-bibliometric-analysis
#8
Eun S Kim, Dae Y Yoon, Ki-Won Oh, Won-Young Lee, Eun-Joo Yun, Young L Seo, Young-Soo Rho
BACKGROUND: The number of citations that an article has received reflects its impact on a particular research area. METHODS: We determined the 100 most-cited articles in thyroid research via the Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge database, using the search term. The following parameters were used to analyze the characteristics of the 100 most-cited articles: publication year, journal (including subject category and impact factor), number of citations and annual citations, authors, department, institution, country, type of study, and topic...
May 26, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504012/inpatient-glycemic-management-in-internal-medicine-an-observational-multicenter-study-in-nanjing-china
#9
Shujie Hao, Ning Zhang, Anne Folta Fish, Xiaodan Yuan, Lin Liu, Fan Li, Zhaohui Fang, Qingqing Lou
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of hyperglycemia among inpatients in internal medicine, and specifically, to assess the glycemic management of inpatients in non-endocrinology departments in three large urban hospitals in China. METHODS: A multicenter observational study was conducted using electronic health records, and a survey of 1939 patients who were admitted to internal medicine units and followed until discharge. Those with previously diagnosed diabetes, newly diagnosed diabetes, or impaired fasting glucose were included...
June 9, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429694/the-rationale-and-design-of-the-national-familial-hypercholesterolemia-registries-in-turkey-a-hit1-and-a-hit2-studies
#10
Meral Kayıkçıoğlu, Lale Tokgözoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disease characterized by extremely high levels of cholesterol, leading to premature atherosclerosis. Although many countries have already addressed the burden of FH by means of national registries, Turkey has no national FH registry or national screening program to detect FH. Creation of a series of FH registries is planned as part of Turkish FH Initiative endorsed by the Turkish Society of Cardiology to meet this need. This article provides detailed information on the rationale and design of the first 2 FH registries (A-HIT1 and A-HIT2)...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425888/-satisfa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-com-o-internato-m%C3%A3-dico-em-portugal
#11
Miguel Bigotte Vieira, Pedro Godinho, Nuno Gaibino, Raquel Dias, Agostinho Sousa, Inês Madanelo, Francisco Ribeiro-Mourão, Mariana Brandão, Sónia Duarte, Tiago Meirinhos, Ana Luísa Catarino, Cláudio Espírito Santo, Ricardo Caiado, Ricardo Marques, Ana Gonçalves Ferreira, Carlos Ramalheira, João Valente Jorge, Marta Losada, Mário Santos, Edson Oliveira, João Paulo Farias, José Manuel Silva
INTRODUCTION: In the last years, the global context of medical education and Medical Residency programs in Portugal suffered substantial changes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate and characterize medical residents ́ satisfaction with medical residency programs in Portugal and to identify features that could be improved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We utilized as model the survey Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure that has been developed in the United Kingdom and is speci cally targeted to medical residents...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research%C3%A2-funding
#12
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the National Institutes of Health to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of obstetrics and gynecology physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988 through 2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50 award...
July 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138915/evaluation-of-internet-based-patient-education-materials-from-internal-medicine-subspecialty-organizations-will-patients-understand-them
#13
David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, Elizabeth S John, Ann M John, Prateek Agarwal, James C Reynolds, Stephen R Baker
The majority of Americans use the Internet daily, if not more often, and many search online for health information to better understand a diagnosis they have been given or to research treatment options. The average American reads at an eighth-grade level. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the readability of online patient education materials on the websites of 14 professional organizations representing the major internal medicine subspecialties. We used ten well-established quantitative readability scales to assess written text from patient education materials published on the websites of the major professional organizations representing the following subspecialty groups: allergy and immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, hematology, hospice and palliative care, infectious disease, nephrology, oncology, pulmonology and critical care, rheumatology, sleep medicine, and sports medicine...
June 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040836/measurement-of-131-i-activity-in-thyroid-of-nuclear-medical-staff-and-internal-dose-assessment-in-a-polish-nuclear-medical-hospital
#14
K Brudecki, A Kowalska, P Zagrodzki, A Szczodry, T Mroz, P Janowski, J W Mietelski
This paper presents results of (131)I thyroid activity measurements in 30 members of the nuclear medicine personnel of the Department of Endocrinology and Nuclear Medicine Holy Cross Cancer Centre in Kielce, Poland. A whole-body spectrometer equipped with two semiconductor gamma radiation detectors served as the basic research instrument. In ten out of 30 examined staff members, the determined (131)I activity was found to be above the detection limit (DL = 5 Bq of (131)I in the thyroid). The measured activities ranged from (5 ± 2) Bq to (217 ± 56) Bq...
March 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744612/follow-up-of-patients-with-adrenal-incidentaloma-in-accordance-with-the-european-society-of-endocrinology-guidelines-could-we-be-safe
#15
V Morelli, A Scillitani, M Arosio, I Chiodini
Recently, the European Society of Endocrinology (ESE) published new guidelines on the management of adrenal incidentalomas. At the same time Lopez and coworkers published on the Annals of Internal Medicine an important study showing that even patients with non-functioning adrenal tumors have an increased risk of incident diabetes. In consideration of previous data and of the results of the study of Lopez and coworkers, some points emerge from the ESE Guidelines that deserve attention. Firstly, it must be observed that the term "autonomous cortisol secretion," introduced by the ESE Panel in the place of the commonly used "subclinical hypercortisolism," seems questionable, since the guidelines do not suggest determining the adrenocorticotroph hormone levels that could give the certain proof of a truly autonomous cortisol secretion...
March 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645051/women-in-cancer-profile-neuroendocrine-tumors-moving-from-the-land-of-small-tumors-to-an-expanding-universe
#16
Marianne E Pavel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628103/significance-of-frailty-for-predicting-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-different-patient-groups-with-specific-medical-conditions
#17
Martin Ritt, Karl-Günter Gaßmann, Cornel Christian Sieber
Frailty is a major health burden in an aging society. It constitutes a clinical state of reduced physiological reserves that is associated with a diminished ability to withstand internal and external stressors. Frail patients have an increased risk for adverse clinical outcomes, such as mortality, readmission to hospital, institutionalization and falls. Of further clinical interest, frailty might be at least in part reversible in some patients and subject to preventive strategies. In daily clinical practice older patients with a complex health status, who are mostly frail or at least at risk of developing frailty, are frequently cared for by geriatricians...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604159/perceptions-of-medical-doctors-on-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#18
Jin-Woo Kim, Su-Ra Jeong, Sun-Jong Kim, YeonSoo Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate medical doctors' awareness of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and the status of dental referrals. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to medical doctors practicing internal medicine, family medicine, and orthopedics at the 6 tertiary medical centers located in Seoul, Korea. The survey consisted of 22 questions regarding the general characteristics, bisphosphonate therapy, awareness of BRONJ, and implementation of dental referrals...
September 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569712/frailty-and-sarcopenia-as-predictors-of-adverse-health-outcomes-in-persons-with-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Anthony Liccini, Theodore K Malmstrom
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus is associated with premature aging, and chronic diabetes is associated with significant physical and cognitive complications. We aimed to examine frailty and sarcopenia rates and 6-month health outcomes in a clinic-based sample of patients with diabetes. DESIGN: This study was an observational study. Participants were recruited from June 2014 to August 2014, and follow-up was conducted 6 months after day of screening. SETTING: Participants were recruited at outpatient endocrinology, geriatric, and internal medicine clinics affiliated with Saint Louis University in St...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569120/low-adoption-of-weight-loss-medications-a-comparison-of-prescribing-patterns-of-antiobesity-pharmacotherapies-and-sglt2s
#20
Catherine E Thomas, Elizabeth A Mauer, Alpana P Shukla, Samrat Rathi, Louis J Aronne
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the adoption of antiobesity pharmacotherapies, as compared with that of the newest antidiabetes pharmacotherapy, subtype 2 sodium-glucose transport protein inhibitors (SGLT2s), among prescribers in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 2012 to 2015 data extracted from the IMS Health National Prescription Audit™ and Xponent™ assessed adoption rates of antiobesity pharmacotherapies and SGLT2s. RESULTS: The number of dispensed antidiabetes prescriptions was 15 times the number of dispensed antiobesity prescriptions...
September 2016: Obesity
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