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Salvatore De Rosa, Alberto Polimeni, Jolanda Sabatino, Ciro Indolfi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has traditionally represented the standard of care for left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. However, percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI) has more recently emerged as a valuable alternative. The long-time awaited results of the largest randomized trials on the long-term impact of PCI versus CABG in LMCA disease, the newly published NOBLE and EXCEL studies, revealed contrasting results. Thus, aim of the present meta-analysis was to review the most robust evidence from randomized comparisons of CABG versus PCI for revascularization of LMCA...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Hamadi A Murphy, Viral V Jain, Shital N Parikh, Eric J Wall, Roger Cornwall, Charles T Mehlman
BACKGROUND: Extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon injury following the dorsal approach to elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) of the radius has been reported in a growing number of cases in the literature. This study includes 5 new cases from our institution as well as a comprehensive review of previously reported cases from the literature. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients undergoing ESIN between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013 at our institution...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Anne Lethaby, Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Helen Roberts
BACKGROUND: Vaginal atrophy is a frequent complaint of postmenopausal women; symptoms include vaginal dryness, itching, discomfort and painful intercourse. Systemic treatment for these symptoms in the form of oral hormone replacement therapy is not always necessary. An alternative choice is oestrogenic preparations administered vaginally (in the form of creams, pessaries, tablets and the oestradiol-releasing ring). This is an update of a Chochrane systematic review; the original version was first published in October 2006...
August 31, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mansour Sedighi, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Golfam Oryan, Jamshid Faghri
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen which causes serious problems, especially in people who have immunodeficiency. Metallo beta-lactamase (MBL) resistance in this bacterium has led some difficulties in treating bacterial infections. MBLs are being reported with increasing frequency worldwide. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to collect data about the relative frequency (RF) of VIM-1-imipenem resistant P. aeruginosa (VIM-1-IRPA) in different regions of Iran and report an overall prevalence if possible...
September 2014: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
H Matsuno, G S Panayi, E Hicks, P Cantilon, G M Chochrane, C Stern, T Kimura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2001: Modern Rheumatology
Hiromichi Ishiyama, Takahiro Hirayama, Pavan Jhaveri, Takefumi Satoh, Arnold C Paulino, Bo Xu, Edward Brian Butler, Bin S Teh
PURPOSE: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is considered by some as a risk factor for genitourinary (GU) toxicity after radiotherapy (RT). However, there are conflicting results regarding the interaction between RT and TURP with respect to GU toxicity. The purpose of this report is to review the published data concerning TURP before or after RT and its effect on urinary complication. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic literature review based on database searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Pubmed, Ovid, and Chochrane Library...
June 2014: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
P P Singh, Anu Chandra, Farzana Mahdi, Ajanta Roy, Praveen Sharma
The antioxidants are essential molecules in human system but are not miracle molecules. They are neither performance enhancers nor can prevent or cure diseases when taken in excess. Their supplemental value is debateable. In fact, many high quality clinical trials on antioxidant supplement have shown no effect or adverse outcomes ranging from morbidity to all cause mortality. Several Chochrane Meta-analysis and Markov Model techniques, which are presently best available statistical models to derive conclusive answers for comparing large number of trials, support these claims...
July 2010: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
N Giladi, H Shabtai, E Rozenberg, E Shabtai
Background: Festinating gait (FSG) was first associated with parkinsonism by Sir James Parkinson, in his original essay on "The Shaking Palsy". Its frequency and relation to other parkinsonian features have never been assessed.Objective: To study the relationships between gait festination and other parkinsonian clinical features among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).Method: During an open lecture to patients with PD who are followed at the Movement Disorders Unit (MDU) of Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center one of us explained verbally and imitated festinating gait on stage...
April 2001: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
N Chochrane
Comparisons of depressed with non-depressed subjects, and of endogenous depressives with reactive depressives, in respect of the quality and handling of aggression, suggest that endogenous depression is a distinct entity. Reactive depression is seen as essentially indistinguishable from other non-depressed psychiatric states.
March 1977: British Journal of Medical Psychology
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