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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053935/capsaicin-the-pungent-principle-of-peppers-ameliorates-alcohol-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice-via-modulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinases
#1
Meghana Koneru, Bidya Dhar Sahu, Salma Mukhtar Mir, Halley Gora Ravuri, Madhusudana Kuncha, Jerald Mahesh Kumar, Eswar Kumar Kilari, Ramakrishna Sistla
Alcohol, the most common cause for hepatic injury, may further deteriorate the hepatic tissue when left unattended. Capsaicin, the pungent principle of chilli-peppers, possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and is a proven dietary antioxidant in various ailments. However, its role in alcohol induced hepatic injury is unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of capsaicin on the hepatic tissue of mice treated with alcohol. Acute liver injury was induced in mice by oral gavage of 5 doses of 10 ml/kg of 50% ethyl alcohol at an interval of 12 hours each...
October 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053818/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-nitrocompounds-on-salmonella-colonization-and-ileal-immune-gene-expression-in-laying-hens-challenged-with-salmonella-enteritidis
#2
Pratima Adhikari, D E Cosby, N A Cox, W K Kim
Foodborne disease caused by Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) is one of the important public health and economic concerns. A study was conducted to determine the effect of supplementation with 2-nitroethanol (NE) and 2-nitropropanol (NP) on Salmonella recovery of internal organs as well as on the immune gene expression in the ileum of laying hens. Thirty-six White Leghorns were orally gavaged with nalidixic acid resistant Salmonella Enteritidis (SENR). Hens were housed individually in wire-laying cages and randomly assigned to six dietary treatments: T1 = SENR unchallenged (negative control), T2 = SENR challenged (positive control), T3 = SENR challenged + 100 ppm NE, T4 = SENR challenged + 200 ppm NE, T5 = SENR challenged + 100 ppm NP, and T6 = SENR challenged + 200 ppm NP...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053636/neural-and-molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-controlling-the-quality-of-feeding-behavior-diet-selection-and-feeding-patterns
#3
REVIEW
Tsutomu Sasaki
We are what we eat. There are three aspects of feeding: what, when, and how much. These aspects represent the quantity (how much) and quality (what and when) of feeding. The quantitative aspect of feeding has been studied extensively, because weight is primarily determined by the balance between caloric intake and expenditure. In contrast, less is known about the mechanisms that regulate the qualitative aspects of feeding, although they also significantly impact the control of weight and health. However, two aspects of feeding quality relevant to weight loss and weight regain are discussed in this review: macronutrient-based diet selection (what) and feeding pattern (when)...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053575/the-impact-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-on-diet-quality-and-eating-behaviours-in-people-with-obesity-and-copd
#4
Rebecca F McLoughlin, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter G Gibson, Hayley A Scott, Michael J Hensley, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lisa G Wood
There is a paucity of evidence to guide clinicians about appropriate management strategies for people with obesity and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We have recently published results from the first weight loss intervention in adults (>18 years) with obesity (body mass index; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²) and COPD, using a low-calorie diet coupled with a partial meal replacement plan and resistance exercise training, which resulted in a 6.4% reduction in weight while maintaining skeletal muscle mass and improving health status...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052001/quail-coturnix-japonica-egg-yolk-bioactive-components-attenuate-streptozotocin-induced-testicular-damage-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-rats
#5
Gideon Oludare Oladipo, Chidinma Martha Nlekerem, Emmanuel Oluwafemi Ibukun, Ayodele Oluseyi Kolawole
INTRODUCTION: The testicular milieu is the machinery for the metabolism of testosterone in the male reproductive system. PURPOSE: The dysfunction of this highly regenerating system is inevitable in the condition of glucose imbalance as a result of insulin machinery impairment. Therefore, it is imperative to recommend dietary intervention for attenuating the testicular dysfunction and oxidative stress resulting from STZ-induction of diabetes. METHODS: STZ-induced diabetes (65 mg/kg, ip) was treated with QEYEM (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg/day) and quercetin (50 mg/kg/day) for 7weeks...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050207/caloric-restriction-extends-yeast-chronological-lifespan-via-a-mechanism-linking-cellular-aging-to-cell-cycle-regulation-maintenance-of-a-quiescent-state-entry-into-a-non-quiescent-state-and-survival-in-the-non-quiescent-state
#6
Anna Leonov, Rachel Feldman, Amanda Piano, Anthony Arlia-Ciommo, Vicky Lutchman, Masoumeh Ahmadi, Sarah Elsaser, Hana Fakim, Mahdi Heshmati-Moghaddam, Asimah Hussain, Sandra Orfali, Harshvardhan Rajen, Negar Roofigari-Esfahani, Leana Rosanelli, Vladimir I Titorenko
A yeast culture grown in a nutrient-rich medium initially containing 2% glucose is not limited in calorie supply. When yeast cells cultured in this medium consume glucose, they undergo cell cycle arrest at a checkpoint in late G1 and differentiate into quiescent and non-quiescent cell populations. Studies of such differentiation have provided insights into mechanisms of yeast chronological aging under conditions of excessive calorie intake. Caloric restriction is an aging-delaying dietary intervention. Here, we assessed how caloric restriction influences the differentiation of chronologically aging yeast cultures into quiescent and non-quiescent cells, and how it affects their properties...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050005/effect-of-salt-intake-on-serum-glucagon-like-peptide-1-levels-in-normotensive-salt-sensitive-subjects
#7
Wen-Ling Zheng, Chao Chu, Yong-Bo Lv, Yang Wang, Jia-Wen Hu, Qiong Ma, Yu Yan, Yu-Meng Cao, Xi-Long Dang, Ke-Ke Wang, Jian-Jun Mu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Excess dietary salt is a critical risk factor of salt-sensitive hypertension. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) , a gut incretin hormone, conferring benefits for blood pressure by natriuresis and diuresis. We implemented a randomized trial to verify the effect of altered salt intake on serum GLP-1 level in human beings. METHODS: The 38 subjects were recruited from a rural community of Northern China. All subjects were sequentially maintained a baseline diet period for 3 days, a low-salt diet period for 7 days (3...
October 19, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049303/a-mediterranean-diet-with-additional-extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-pistachios-reduces-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-st-carlos-gdm-prevention-study
#8
Carla Assaf-Balut, Nuria García de la Torre, Alejandra Durán, Manuel Fuentes, Elena Bordiú, Laura Del Valle, Cristina Familiar, Ana Ortolá, Inés Jiménez, Miguel A Herraiz, Nuria Izquierdo, Noelia Perez, María J Torrejon, María I Ortega, Francisco J Illana, Isabelle Runkle, Maria P de Miguel, Carmen Montañez, Ana Barabash, Martín Cuesta, Miguel A Rubio, Alfonso L Calle-Pascual
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models. All consecutive normoglycemic (<92 mg/dL) pregnant women at 8-12 gestational weeks (GW) were assigned to Intervention Group (IG, n = 500): MedDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and pistachios; or Control Group (CG, n = 500): standard diet with limited fat intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049271/announcement-community-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-for-comprehensive-telehealth-methods-to-deliver-dietary-interventions-for-chronic-disease-management
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049180/the-effect-of-care-intervention-for-obese-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#10
Xuelian Jiang, Xiyun Fan, Rui Wu, Fengqin Geng, Chenping Hu
The incidence of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide and affecting the quality of people's life. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of care intervention on body weight and glycemic parameters in obese T2DM patients.One hundred twenty-six obese T2DM cases were randomly divided into 2 groups. Patients in control group received conventional care, while patients in the intervention group received dietary, exercise, and psychology interventions on the basis of conventional care. Twelve months follow-up was performed to compare the changes of body weight and glycemic parameters in the 2 groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048553/are-preschoolers-meeting-the-mark-comparing-the-dietary-activity-and-sleep-behaviors-of-preschoolers-with-obesity-to-national-recommendations
#11
Cathleen Odar Stough, Mary Beth McCullough, Shannon L Robson, Christopher Bolling, Stephanie Spear Filigno, Jessica C Kichler, Cynthia Zion, Lisa M Clifford, Stacey L Simon, Richard F Ittenbach, Lori J Stark
Objective: National health organizations and expert committees have issued recommendations for health behaviors related to obesity risk. Behavioral and family-based weight management interventions for preschoolers often target improving adherence to these recommendations, but it is unknown how the health behaviors of preschoolers with obesity enrolled in weight control treatments (WCTs) compare with these guidelines. In this study, the dietary intake, activity, and sleep behaviors of preschoolers with obesity enrolled in a family-based behavioral WCT are described and compared with national health behavior recommendations...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048239/community-priorities-for-healthy-eating-in-older-adults
#12
Qianzhi Jiang, Nancy L Cohen, Melissa Ventura Marra, Kathleen Woolf, Judith Gilbride, Sarah L Francis
Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047376/women-s-education-level-amplifies-the-effects-of-a-livelihoods-based-intervention-on-household-wealth-child-diet-and-child-growth-in-rural-nepal
#13
Laurie C Miller, Neena Joshi, Mahendra Lohani, Beatrice Rogers, Shubh Mahato, Shibani Ghosh, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Many organizations seek to alleviate poverty in the developing world, often focusing their interventions on women. The role, status, and education of women are fundamentally important facets of development. Thus, understanding the interaction of women's educational level and the response to interventions is important. Therefore, we examined the impact of educational level of household adults on responses to a livestock-based community intervention. METHODS: Six pair-matched communities in 3 districts of Nepal (Chitwan/Nawalparasi/Nuwakot), were randomly assigned to receive community development activities via women's self-help groups at baseline or 1 year later...
October 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047012/chronic-curcumin-treatment-improves-spatial-working-memory-but-not-recognition-memory-in-middle-aged-rhesus-monkeys
#14
Tara L Moore, Bethany Bowley, Penny Shultz, Samantha Calderazzo, Eli Shobin, Ronald J Killiany, Douglas L Rosene, Mark B Moss
Studies of both humans and non-human primates have demonstrated that aging is typically characterized by a decline in cognition that can occur as early as the fifth decade of life. Age-related changes in working memory are particularly evident and mediated, in part, by the prefrontal cortex, an area known to evidence age-related changes in myelin that is attributed to inflammation. In recent years, several nutraceuticals, including curcumin, by virtue of their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, have received considerable attention as potential treatments for age-related cognitive decline and inflammation...
October 18, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046732/effect-of-a-diet-containing-folate-and-hazelnut-oil-capsule-on-the-methylation-level-of-the-adrb3-gene-lipid-profile-and-oxidative-stress-in-overweight-or-obese-women
#15
Raquel Patrícia Ataíde Lima, Rayner Anderson Ferreira do Nascimento, Rafaella Cristhine Pordeus Luna, Darlene Camati Persuhn, Alexandre Sérgio da Silva, Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Gonçalves, Alessio Tony Cavalcanti de Almeida, Ronei Marcos de Moraes, Eliseu Verly Junior, Emmanuelle Fouilloux-Meugnier, Hubert Vidal, Luciano Pirola, Marciane Magnani, Naila Francis Paulo de Oliveira, Patrícia Oliveira Prada, Maria José de Carvalho Costa
BACKGROUND: Studies of genes that play an important role in the development of obesity are needed, especially studies focusing on genes that regulate food intake and affect nutrient metabolism. For example, the beta-3 adrenergic receptor (ADRB3) responds to noradrenaline and mediates lipolysis in adipocytes. METHODS: This was a controlled intervention study involving 40 overweight and obese adult women in which food intake, anthropometric measurements, biochemical analyses, and methylation levels of the ADRB3 gene were evaluated before and after intervention...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046729/long-term-feeding-of-high-fat-plus-high-fructose-diet-induces-isolated-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-skeletal-muscle-insulin-resistance-in-miniature-pigs
#16
Meng-Chieh Hsu, Mu-En Wang, Yi-Fan Jiang, Hung-Chang Liu, Yi-Chen Chen, Chih-Hsien Chiu
BACKGROUND: During the prediabetic development, the changes in β-cell function and tissue-specific insulin resistance have been described. However, there are conflicting views in insulin secretory capacity between early clinical observation and recent proposed mathematical model. On the basis of digestive and metabolic similarities with humans, swine have great potential as an animal model to investigate the progressive mechanisms of prediabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the insulin secretory response and tissue-specific insulin resistance in a dietary-induced prediabetic porcine model...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046405/potato-consumption-does-not-increase-blood-pressure-or-incident-hypertension-in-2-cohorts-of-spanish-adults
#17
Emily A Hu, Miguel A Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Emilio Ros, Montse Fitó, Antonio Garcia-Rodriguez, Ramon Estruch, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José Lapetra, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Cristina Razquin, Mònica Bulló, José V Sorlí, Helmut Schröder, Casey M Rebholz, Estefania Toledo
Background: Potatoes have a high glycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension.Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations.Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means ± SDs) of 42...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046155/impact-of-dietary-fats-on-brain-functions
#18
Rosanna Chianese, Roberto Coccurello, Andrea Viggiano, Marika Scafuro, Marco Fiore, Giangennaro Coppola, Francesca Felicia Operto, Silvia Fasano, Sophie Layé, Riccardo Pierantoni, Rosaria Meccariello
Adequate dietary intake and nutritional status have important effects on brain functions and on brain health. Energy intake and specific nutrients excess or deficiency from diet differently affect cognitive processes, emotions, behaviour, neuroendocrine functions and synaptic plasticity with possible protective or detrimental effects on neuronal physiology. Lipids, in particular, play structural and functional roles in neurons. Here the importance of dietary fats and the need to understand the brain mechanisms activated by peripheral and central metabolic sensors...
October 17, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046007/-dietary-recommendations-in-metabolic-vascular-syndrome
#19
Katharina Lechner, Nicole Erickson, Benjamin Lechner, Florian Horn
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally. Poor diet constitutes a key factor in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease and has become the leading risk factor for disability and death worldwide. Therefore, addressing suboptimal nutrition is of key prognostic relevance in primary and secondary prevention of metabolic vascular syndrome.Metabolic vascular syndrome is a multidimensional network of acquired cardiometabolic risk factors closely related to insulin resistance (IR) and concomitant hyperinsulinemia...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044366/sustainable-food-systems-for-optimal-planetary-health
#20
Chelsey R Canavan, Ramadhani A Noor, Christopher D Golden, Calestous Juma, Wafaie Fawzi
Sustainable food systems are an important component of a planetary health strategy to reduce the threat of infectious disease, minimize environmental footprint and promote nutrition. Human population trends and dietary transition have led to growing demand for food and increasing production and consumption of meat, amid declining availability of arable land and water. The intensification of livestock production has serious environmental and infectious disease impacts. Land clearing for agriculture alters ecosystems, increases human-wildlife interactions and leads to disease proliferation...
June 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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