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Dietary intervention

Hung N Luu, Hui Cai, Harvey J Murff, Yong-Bing Xiang, Qiuyin Cai, Honglan Li, Jing Gao, Gong Yang, Qing Lan, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu
Animal studies have shown that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have antineoplastic and anti-inflammatory properties. Results from epidemiologic studies on specific types of PUFAs for lung cancer risk, however, are inconclusive. We prospectively evaluated the association of specific types of dietary PUFA intakes and lung cancer risk in two population-based cohort studies, the Shanghai Women's Health Study (SWHS) and Shanghai Men's Health Study (SMHS) with a total of 121,970 study participants (i.e., 65,076 women and 56,894 men)...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Joost van den Born, Anne M Koning, Anne-Roos Frenay, Matthias Bachtler, Ineke Riphagen, Isidor Minovic, Martin Feelisch, Marinda Dekker, Marian Bulthuis, Ron Gansevoort, Jan-Luuk Hillebrands, Andreas Pasch, Stephan Bakker, Harry van Goor
Thiosulfate and sulfate are natural dietary constituents, as well as oxidative metabolites of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gaseous signaling molecule with cardiovascular protective properties. Urinary thiosulfate and sulfate excretion are associated with favorable disease outcome in high-risk patients. In our large, general population based cohort neither thiosulfate, nor sulfate excretion is associated with risk of cardiovascular events. However, sulfate, but not thiosulfate, excretion, is inversely associated with risk of all-cause mortality...
June 15, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Zaixing Shi, John M Richardson, A Corina Aycinena, Heewon L Gray, Rachel Paul, Pam Koch, Isobel Contento, Ann Ogden Gaffney, Heather Greenlee
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychosocial mediators of the effect of a culturally-tailored dietary intervention on dietary change among Hispanic/Latina breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Hispanic/Latina breast cancer survivors (n=70) were randomized to receive either a 12-week theory- and culturally-tailored dietary change program (intervention group, n=34), or standard-of-care printed recommendations (control group, n=36) ( NCT01414062). Fruit/vegetable intake (F/V), % calories from fat, and hypothesized psychosocial mediators were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12-months...
June 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Rohith N Thota, Jessica J A Ferguson, Kylie A Abbott, Cintia B Dias, Manohar L Garg
Lower incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Greenland Inuit, Northern Canada and Japan has been attributed to their consumption of seafood rich in long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA). While a large majority of pre-clinical and intervention trials have demonstrated heart health benefits of LCn-3PUFA, some studies have shown no effects or even negative effects. LCn-3PUFA have been shown to favourably modulate blood lipid levels, particularly a reduction in circulating levels of triglycerides...
June 15, 2018: Food & Function
Ernesto Manzo, Abigail G O'Conner, Jordan M Barrows, Dakotah D Shreiner, Gabriel J Birchak, Daniela C Zarnescu
ALS patients exhibit dyslipidemia, hypermetabolism and weight loss; in addition, cellular energetics deficits have been detected prior to denervation. Although evidence that metabolism is altered in ALS is compelling, the mechanisms underlying metabolic dysregulation and the contribution of altered metabolic pathways to disease remain poorly understood. Here we use a Drosophila model of ALS based on TDP-43 that recapitulates hallmark features of the disease including locomotor dysfunction and reduced lifespan...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Hosihn Ryu, Jihyeon Moon, Jiyeon Jung
This study examined the influence of health behaviors and occupational stress on the prediabetic state of male office workers, and identified related risks and influencing factors. The study used a cross-sectional design and performed an integrative analysis on data from regular health checkups, health questionnaires, and a health behavior-related survey of employees of a company, using Spearman’s correlation coefficients and multiple logistic regression analysis. The results showed significant relationships of prediabetic state with health behaviors and occupational stress...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Deldar Morad Abdulah, Alan Bapeer Hassan, Farsat Saeed Saadi, Ary Habeeb Mohammed
OBJECTIVES: Dietary and physical activity advice have been considered to be seminal ingredients in prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this regard, the impacts of a three-month self-management intervention on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes were examined in the present study. STUDY DESIGN: A Double-arm post-test intervention study. METHODS: In the current post-test intervention study, three two-hour educational sessions on dietary habits and physical activity designed according to Health Belief Model were presented to 16 non-complicated type 2 diabetic patients and their dietary, physical activities, and biochemical outcomes were compared to a 23 patient-control arm in Iraq in 2017...
June 7, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Chichen Zhang, Xiao Zheng, Huining Zhao, Chunhui Su, Zhiguang Duan, Jianzhong Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a stage-matched intervention study on dietary behavior based on the Health Action Process Approach( HAPA), in order to verify the effectiveness of the intervention on improving the dietary behavior of college students. METHODS: The study recruited 184 medical university 's students who were admitted between 2013 and 2015 from Shanxi, including 37 males and 147 females to participate the intervention of dietary behavioral based on HAPA from October 2015 to May 2016 by method of random sampling...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Dong Zhao, Lichun Huang, Danting Su, Wei Wang, Yueqiang Fang, Wei Gu, Enshan Huang, Ronghua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the dietary energy and pattern of the elderly in different economic area of Zhejiang Province. METHODS: Data was from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey from 2010 to 2012 in Zhejiang Province. The 24 h dietary recall method for 3 consecutive days was used in dietary survey and weighing method was used for condiment intake. RESULTS: There were 793 elderly( age≥60 years) attended in the survey. The intake of beans and nuts, fish and shrimps, eggs, cereals and vegetables respectively were 30...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Magnhild Kverneland, Ellen Molteberg, Per O Iversen, Marit B Veierød, Erik Taubøll, Kaja K Selmer, Karl O Nakken
OBJECTIVE: Ketogenic diets reduce seizures in children with drug-resistant epilepsy. Whether adults benefit from similar treatment has not been clarified. We therefore examined the efficacy of the modified Atkins diet in adults with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. METHODS: We performed a randomized clinical trial (RCT) with patients >16 years who had at least 3 seizures per month despite having tried at least 3 antiepileptic drugs. They were randomized to either 12 weeks on the modified Atkins diet (diet group) or habitual diet (control group)...
June 14, 2018: Epilepsia
Ning Mao, Andres Cubillos-Ruiz, D Ewen Cameron, James J Collins
Microbiota-modulating interventions are an emerging strategy to promote gastrointestinal homeostasis. Yet, their use in the detection, prevention, and treatment of acute infections remains underexplored. We report the basis of a probiotic-based strategy to promote colonization resistance and point-of-need diagnosis of cholera, an acute diarrheal disease caused by the pathogen Vibrio cholerae Oral administration of Lactococcus lactis , a common dietary fermentative bacterium, reduced intestinal V. cholerae burden and improved survival in infected infant mice through the production of lactic acid...
June 13, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Jasper M M Vanhoof, Bert Vandenberghe, David Geerts, Pieter Philippaerts, Patrick De Mazière, Annette DeVito Dabbs, Sabina De Geest, Fabienne Dobbels
Traditional quantitative and qualitative research methods inadequately capture the complexity of patients' daily self-management. Contextual inquiry methodology, using home visits, allows a more in-depth understanding of how patients integrate immunosuppressive medication intake, physical activity and healthy eating in their daily lives, and which difficulties they experience when doing so. This mixed-method study comprised two home visits in 19 purposively selected adult heart, lung, liver and kidney transplant patients, asking them to demonstrate how they implement the aforementioned health behaviours...
June 13, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
M Marti-Nicolovius, R Arevalo-Garcia
INTRODUCTION: To understand the underlying brain mechanisms involved in the aging process and mental deterioration could be key to the development of behavioral patterns that guarantee reaching advanced ages with the highest possible quality of life and reduce the cognitive loss associated with senescence. AIM: To describe and analyze different animal and human studies that demonstrate that a caloric restriction diet may rescue cerebral aging and the cognitive decline associated to aging...
June 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Inês Pádua, André Moreira, Pedro Moreira, Renata Barros
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a growing public health concern. The literature suggests that a significant number of reactions occur in community services, such as schools and restaurants. Therefore, suitable training and education for education and catering professionals using viable and practical tools is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a Web-based food allergy training program for professionals working in schools and restaurants, designed to improve knowledge and good practices in the community...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Susan B Quelly
Most children and adolescents do not meet dietary recommendations that may result in poor diets contributing to obesity. This systematic literature review was conducted to examine associations between helping with meal preparation at home and dietary quality, intake of specific foods, and/or dietary-related perceptions among youth. A search of databases using key terms was conducted for studies meeting criteria. This literature review included 15 studies using a cross-sectional descriptive design, with two studies also including a longitudinal design...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Conor P Kerley
Evidence supporting the role of nutrition in heart failure (HF) incidence and severity is growing. A comprehensive search of online databases was conducted using relevant keywords to identify human studies including diet and HF. Several plant-based diets have consistently been associated with decreased HF incidence and severity, notably the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and Mediterranean diets. Several other plant-based dietary patterns, including low-fat diets and the rice diet, also show promise...
May 2018: Cardiac failure review
Toru Yoshikawa, Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Hiroshi Kumagai, Kanae Myoenzono, Rina So, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Kiyoji Tanaka, Seiji Maeda
Pulse pressure amplification (i.e., the ratio of peripheral to central pulse pressure) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. Circulating free fatty acid, which is a major cause of insulin resistance, has been reported to favorably be associated with pulse pressure amplification in the arm (from the aorta to brachial artery). We hypothesized that this paradoxical relationship depended on an evaluating site of pulse pressure amplification and investigated whether serum free fatty acid level is related to pulse pressure amplification in the arm or trunk (from the aorta to femoral artery) in overweight/obese men...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Iain A Brownlee, Ece Durukan, Gabriel Masset, Sinead Hopkins, E-Siong Tee
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a diverse region that is experiencing economic growth and increased non-communicable disease burden. This paper aims to evaluate the current regulations, dietary recommendations and research related to whole grains in this region. To do this, a systematic literature review was carried out and information was collected on regulations and dietary recommendations from each member state. The majority of publications on whole grains from the region (99 of 147) were in the area of food science and technology, with few observational studies ( n = 13) and human intervention studies ( n = 10) related to whole grains being apparent...
June 11, 2018: Nutrients
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Norah Alatawi, Khawla A Daoud, Naema Altawil
BACKGROUND: Establishing understanding of infants' dietary intakes can support interventions to improve their diets and overall health. Because information on the dietary intakes of infants aged ≤12 months in Saudi Arabia is scarce, this study examined the diets of infants aged 6 and 12 months in Saudi Arabia and determined their main dietary sources of total energy and macronutrients. METHODS: A crosssectional dietary survey employing a single 24-hour recall was performed between May and December 2015 with a sample of mothers of 278 healthy 6-month-old and 259 12-month-old infants...
June 12, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
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