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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161113/disseminability-of-computerized-cognitive-training-performance-across-coaches
#1
Ashley S Fournier-Goodnight, Jason M Ashford, Kellie N Clark, Karen Martin-Elbahesh, Kristina K Hardy, Thomas E Merchant, Sima Jeha, Robert J Ogg, Hui Zhang, Lei Wang, Heather M Conklin
Cogmed is a computerized cognitive intervention utilizing coaches who receive standardized instruction in analyzing training indices and tailoring feedback to remotely monitor participant's performance. The goal of this study was to examine adherence, satisfaction, and efficacy of Cogmed across coaches. Survivors of pediatric brain tumors and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (N = 68) were randomized to intervention (Cogmed) or waitlist control. The intervention group was matched with one of two coaches. Cognitive assessments were completed before and after intervention, and participants and caregivers in the intervention group completed satisfaction surveys...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160404/interaction-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-and-induced-tooth-movement-in-rats
#2
Lilian Mary Karakida, Cristiano Miranda de Araujo, Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues Johann, Elisa Souza Camargo, Orlando Motohiro Tanaka, Odilon Guariza Guariza
This study evaluated the interaction between tooth movement and two anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), Deposteron® and Nebido®. One hundred Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control (C) n=30, Nebido experimental (N) n=35 and Deposteron experimental (D) n=35. The control group was subdivided into 6 subgroups: 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14. The experimental groups were subdivided into 7 subgroups: 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14, which corresponded to the day of animal's euthanasia after applying orthodontic force. Orthodontic devices were used to induce tooth movement using 50 cN of reciprocal force between the maxillary right first molar and the maxillary incisors...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158393/dynamics-and-control-of-gold-encapped-gallium-arsenide-nanowires-imaged-by-4d-electron-microscopy
#3
Bin Chen, Xuewen Fu, Jau Tang, Mykhaylo Lysevych, Hark Hoe Tan, Chennupati Jagadish, Ahmed H Zewail
Eutectic-related reaction is a special chemical/physical reaction involving multiple phases, solid and liquid. Visualization of a phase reaction of composite nanomaterials with high spatial and temporal resolution provides a key understanding of alloy growth with important industrial applications. However, it has been a rather challenging task. Here, we report the direct imaging and control of the phase reaction dynamics of a single, as-grown free-standing gallium arsenide nanowire encapped with a gold nanoparticle, free from environmental confinement or disturbance, using four-dimensional (4D) electron microscopy...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157378/monitoring-breeding-herd-production-data-to-detect-prrsv-outbreaks
#4
G S Silva, M Schwartz, R B Morrison, D C L Linhares
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSv) causes substantial economic impact due to significant losses in productivity. Thus, measuring changes in farm productivity before and after PRRS infection enables quantifying the production and economic impact of outbreaks. This study assessed the application of exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA), a statistical process control method, on selected production data (number of abortions, pre-weaning mortality rate and prenatal losses) to supplement PRRS surveillance programs by detecting significant deviations on productivity in a production system with 55,000 sows in 14 breed-to-wean herds in Minnesota, U...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157318/effect-of-clinical-variables-on-the-volume-of-blood-collected-for-blood-cultures-in-an-adult-patient-population
#5
R Logan Jones, Harlan R Sayles, Paul D Fey, Mark E Rupp
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical variables that influence blood culture volume recovery DESIGN Retrospective chart review and linear model analysis SETTING A 621-bed Academic Medical Center with a Clinical Laboratory that processes 20,000+ blood cultures annually and dedicated phlebotomy staff for venipuncture PATIENTS Consecutive patients requiring blood culture METHODS Over a 6-day period, blood volume was determined in 568 culture bottles from 128 unique adult patients, and clinical data from the time of phlebotomy were extracted from hospital electronic medical records...
November 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157193/effect-of-ventilation-velocity-on-hexavalent-chromium-and-isocyanate-exposures-in-aircraft-paint-spraying
#6
James Bennett, David Marlow, Fariba Nourian, James Breay, Amy Feng, Mark Methner
Exposure control system performance was evaluated during aircraft paint spraying at a military facility. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling, tracer gas testing, and exposure monitoring examined contaminant exposure versus crossflow ventilation velocity. CFD modeling using the RNG k-ϵ turbulence model showed exposures to simulated methyl isobutyl ketone of 294 and 83.6 ppm, as a spatial average of five worker locations, for velocities of 0.508 and 0.381 m/s (100 and 75 fpm) respectively. In tracer gas experiments, observed supply/exhaust velocities of 0...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156417/the-effect-of-magnesium-hydroxide-containing-dentifrice-using-an-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-erosion-cycling-model
#8
Vanara Florêncio Passos, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Sérgio Lima Santiago
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in vitro, the effect of Mg(OH)2 dentifrice, and the influence of the number of experimental days, on the extrinsic (citric acid -CA) and intrinsic (hydrochloric acid -HCl) enamel erosion models. DESIGN: Human enamel slabs were selected according to surface hardness and randomly assigned to 3 groups (n=9) as follows: non-fluoridated (negative control), NaF (1450ppm F- positive control) and Mg(OH)2 (2%) dentifrices. The slabs were daily submitted to a 2-h period of pellicle formation and, over a period of 5days, submitted to cycles (3×/day) of erosive challenge (CA 0...
November 14, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156088/climate-mediated-changes-in-marine-ecosystem-regulation-during-el-ni%C3%A3-o
#9
Martin Lindegren, David M Checkley, J Anthony Koslow, Ralf Goericke, Mark D Ohman
The degree to which ecosystems are regulated through bottom-up, top-down or direct physical processes represents a long-standing issue in ecology, with important consequences for resource management and conservation. In marine ecosystems, the role of bottom-up and top-down forcing has been shown to vary over spatio-temporal scales, often linked to highly variable and heterogeneously distributed environmental conditions. Ecosystem dynamics in the Northeast Pacific have been suggested to be predominately bottom-up regulated...
November 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155826/programmatic-factors-associated-with-the-limited-impact-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-to-control-onchocerciasis-in-three-drainage-basins-of-south-west-cameroon
#10
Christian Tetteh Duamor, Fabrice Roberto Datchoua-Poutcheu, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Aldof Tah Yoah, Ernest Njukang, Emmanuel Kah, Mary Sheena Maingeh, Jonas Arnaud Kengne-Ouaffo, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Peter A Enyong, Samuel Wanji
INTRODUCTION: The CDTI model is known to have enhanced community participation in planning and resource mobilization toward the control of onchocerciasis. These effects were expected to translate into better individual acceptance of the intervention and hence high Treatment Coverage, leading to a sustainable community-led strategy and reduction in the disease burden. A survey revealed that after 10-12 rounds of treatment, prevalence of onchocerciasis was still high in three drainage basins of South West Cameroon and transmission was going on...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155516/association-of-il-12bpro-polymorphism-with-tumor-infiltrating-dendritic-cells-in-colorectal-cancer
#11
Elina Aleksandrova, Tatyana Vlaykova, Julian Ananiev, Maya Gulubova
PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation is a key component in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). A notable hallmark of the inflammation process is the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines by infiltrating cells of the immune system. Defects in dendritic cells (DCs) recruitment, maturation and cytokine release are a hallmark of the CRC strategy to escape immune surveillance.The purpose of our study was to evaluate the possible role of IL-12B polymorphism in the promoter region of the IL-12B gene (rs17860508) as a genetic factor contributing to the risk for CRC development...
July 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153448/evidence-of-disturbances-of-deep-levels-of-semantic-cohesion-within-personal-narratives-in-schizophrenia
#12
Jon A Willits, Timothy Rubin, Michael N Jones, Kyle S Minor, Paul H Lysaker
Since initial conceptualizations, schizophrenia has been thought to involve core disturbances in the ability to form complex, integrated ideas. Although this has been studied in terms of formal thought disorder, the level of involvement of altered latent semantic structure is less clear. To explore this question, we compared the personal narratives of adults with schizophrenia (n=200) to those produced by an HIV+ sample (n=55) using selected indices from Coh-Metrix. Coh-Metrix is a software system designed to compute various language usage statistics from transcribed written and spoken language documents...
November 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153348/sampling-methods-to-the-statistical-control-of-the-production-of-blood-components
#13
REVIEW
Paulo Pereira, Jerard Seghatchian, Beatriz Caldeira, Paula Santos, Rosa Castro, Teresa Fernandes, Sandra Xavier, Gracinda de Sousa, João Paulo de Almeida E Sousa
The control of blood components specifications is a requirement generalized in Europe by the European Commission Directives and in the US by the AABB standards. The use of a statistical process control methodology is recommended in the related literature, including the EDQM guideline. The control reliability is dependent of the sampling. However, a correct sampling methodology seems not to be systematically applied. Commonly, the sampling is intended to comply uniquely with the 1% specification to the produced blood components...
November 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152406/protozoan-parasites-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#14
Khaled A Jadallah, Laila F Nimri, Rola A Ghanem
AIM: To investigate the putative role of protozoan parasites in the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: The study included 109 IBS consecutive adult patients fulfilling the Rome III criteria and 100 healthy control subjects. All study subjects filled a structured questionnaire, which covered demographic information and clinical data. Fresh stool samples were collected from patients and control subjects and processed within less than 2 h of collection...
November 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145965/increased-cytokine-levels-and-histological-changes-in-cartilage-synovial-cells-and-synovial-fluid-after-malleolar-fractures
#15
Alexandre L Godoy-Santos, Lucas Ranzoni, Walcy R Teodoro, Vera Capelozzi, Pedro Giglio, Tulio Diniz Fernandes, Stefan Rammelt
BACKGROUND: Malleolar fractures are among the most common fractures in the human skeleton with a high risk of later development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA). The acute ankle injury initiates a sequence of events potentially leading to progressive articular surface damage resulting from inflammatory changes in cartilage, synovial tissue and synovial fluid. We hypothesised that in the acute phase of ankle fracture, these changes occur at the same time in the different tissues. METHODS: Specimens of chondral tissue, synovial tissue and synovial fluid were collected from 16 patients with acute articular ankle fracture (study group)...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143414/central-pain-processing-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-pain-free-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Alessandro Tessitore, Antonio Russo, Rosa De Micco, Michele Fratello, Giuseppina Caiazzo, Alfonso Giordano, Mario Cirillo, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Fabrizio Esposito
BACKGROUND: Despite its clinical relevance, the pathophysiology of pain in Parkinson's disease (PD) is still largely unknown, and both central and peripheral mechanisms have been invoked. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether central pain processing is altered in "drug-naive" pain-free PD (dnPD) patients. METHODS: Using event-related functional MRI (fMRI), functional response to forearm heat stimulation (FHS) at two different intensities (41°C and 53°C) was investigated in 20 pain-free dnPD patients, compared with 18 healthy controls (HCs)...
November 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140571/is-overactive-bladder-microvasculature-disease-a-component-of-systemic-atheroscleorosis
#17
Ahmet Ozgur Yeniel, Ahmet Mete Ergenoglu, Reci Meseri, Erkan Kismali, Anıl Ari, Gulgun Kavukcu, Hikmet H Aydin, Handan Ak, Sevcan Atay, Ismail Mete Itil
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between overactive bladder (OAB) and systemic atherosclerosis in a cohort of women. METHODS: In this case-control study, we assessed atherosclerosis indicators, such as Framingham risk scores and carotid and femoral artery intima-media thickness, and evaluated possible bladder wall responses to atherosclerosis using endovaginal color Doppler ultrasound and the detection of urinary cytokines in women with OAB and in controls. Quantitative assessment of blood perfusion at the bladder neck was performed using a method that allows for the dynamic monitoring of flow in a predefined region of interest at every point of the cardiac cycle...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139392/-myonuclear-domain-and-microtubule-proteome-during-skeletal-muscle-maturation
#18
Nathalie Couturier, Vincent Gache
In the normal course of muscle fiber development, myonuclei actively position and adapt a precise localization in mature fibers, shaping MyoNuclear Domains (MNDs). Myonuclei positioning in fibers appears to be essential for muscle function as defects in MNDs settings are always associated with dysfunction (i.e., centronuclear myopathy, sarcopenia). Previous studies have shown that myonuclei positioning in fibers is reversible, suggesting that in pathologies presenting MNDs impairment, myonuclei could be re-addressed to the "correct" position in fibers and this could benefit to muscle function...
November 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139317/a-gamma-process-modeling-approach-for-the-comparison-of-dissolution-profiles
#19
H K T Ng, M H Ling, P S Chan
In this paper, we propose a stochastic gamma process model for assessing the similarity of two dissolution profiles. Based on the proposed stochastic model, we utilize the difference factor and similarity factor to test the similarity of two dissolution profiles based on bootstrap confidence intervals. The performances of the proposed methods are compared with a multivariate test procedure via Monte Carlo simulation studies. The proposed testing methods are shown to be powerful and effectively controlling the error rate...
November 15, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136888/urinary-metal-and-metalloid-biomarker-study-of-henoch-schonlein-purpura-nephritis-using-inductively-coupled-plasma-orthogonal-acceleration-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#20
Zhifen Deng, Zhicong Yang, Xue Ma, Xiaoli Tian, Liangliang Bi, Bin Guo, Wei Wen, Huayun Han, Yanjie Huang, Shusheng Zhang
To obtain a better understanding as to whether concentration alterations of metals and metalloids in urine were related to Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN), the profiles of as many as 29 elements in urine were compared among three groups, the Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), HSPN and a healthy control group. To this end, a reliable method has been developed for the simultaneous quantification of multiple elements including Li, Be, B, Al, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Co, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Mo, Cd, Sn, Sb, Cs, Ba, Tl, Pb and Bi in urine using inductively coupled plasma orthogonal acceleration time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ICP-oa-TOF-MS)...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
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