keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition preterm

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444360/role-of-early-onset-neutropenia-in-development-of-candidemia-in-premature-infants
#1
Nermin Ramy, Mohamed Hashim, Heba Abou Hussein, Happy Sawires, Maha Gaafar, Ayat El Maghraby
Background: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of early-onset neutropenia (EON) on the development of candidemia in premature infants and evaluate other risk factors. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in a neonatal intensive care unit of Cairo University Hospital. Fifty neutropenic premature infants were matched to 50 non-neutropenics. Subjects were then regrouped into candidemics and non-candidemics to study other risk factors such as central venous catheters, mechanical ventilation, parenteral nutrition, drugs as corticosteroids and others...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443560/advances-in-nutrition-of-the-newborn-infant
#2
REVIEW
Jane E Harding, Barbara E Cormack, Tanith Alexander, Jane M Alsweiler, Frank H Bloomfield
Nutrition of newborn infants, particularly of those born preterm, has advanced substantially in recent years. Extremely preterm infants have high nutrient demands that are challenging to meet, such that growth faltering is common. Inadequate growth is associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes, and although improved early growth is associated with better cognitive outcomes, there might be a trade-off in terms of worse metabolic outcomes, although the contribution of early nutrition to these associations is not established...
April 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440869/massive-pleural-effusion-on-the-contralateral-side-of-a-venous-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter
#3
Selim Sancak, Abdulhamit Tuten, Tulin Gokmen Yildirim, Guner Karatekin
A preterm newborn infant, delivered at 30 weeks of gestation and 965 g birth weight, developed respiratory distress with resistant hypoxia after a central catheter line was inserted via the right venae brachialis on postnatal day 21. Left-sided massive pleural effusion, collapsed left lung with air bronchograms, and bidirectional shunting through reopened ductus arteriosus were detected by targeted neonatal echocardiography. Hydrothorax was drained under sonographic guidance, producing a milky-white fluid biochemically compatible with parenteral nutrition...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437326/favorable-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-with-parenteral-nutrition-associated-liver-disease-treated-with-intravenous-fish-oil-based-lipid-emulsion
#4
Michael Sorrell, Alvaro Moreira, Kay Green, Rachel Jacob, Robin Tragus, Laura Keller, Amy Quinn, Donald McCurnin, Alice Gong, Abeer El Sakka, Naveen Mittal, Cynthia Blanco
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the acute and long-term outcomes of preterm infants treated with an intravenous fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FishLE) for parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). METHODS: Preterm infants 14 days to 24 months of age with anatomic short gut or severe intestinal dysmotility, serum direct bilirubin ≥4 mg/dL, and requiring >60% calories from parenteral nutrition were eligible. Enrolled infants received 1 g · kg · day of FishLE until resolution of direct hyperbilirubinemia or return of enteral nutrition...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436200/randomised-controlled-trial-shows-that-co-bedding-twins-may-reduce-birth-weight-recovery-delay-parenteral-nutrition-weaning-time-and-hospitalisation
#5
Arnaud Legrand, Anne Frondas, Fabien Aubret, Anne Corre, Cyril Flamant, Laure Simon, Clothilde Desrobert, Jean-Christophe Rozé
AIM: Cobedding describes a technique where premature twins are kept within the same incubator, inside a common cocoon, to prolong the alleged in utero behavioral bond and reduce post-natal stress. However there is no consensus amongst neonatologists regarding any clinical or developmental benefits cobedding may provide, in particular when performed early after the birth. The NEOCOB (NEOnatology & COBedding) trial aimed to assess, for the first time, early cobedding in preterm newborn twins...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436101/systematic-review-on-evidence-based-adolescent-nutrition-interventions
#6
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is a critical stage in the life cycle, and adequate nutrition is necessary for the proper growth and development of individuals and their offspring. Here, we comprehensively review all published systematic reviews (through October 2016) on adolescents (10-19 years) and women of reproductive age, including pregnant women, which targeted interventions related to nutrition. For interventions where there was no existing systematic review on adolescents, we reviewed primary studies/trials. We included interventions on micronutrient supplementation (iron, folic acid, iron-folic acid (IFA), calcium, vitamin D, vitamin A, zinc, iodine, and multiple micronutrients), food/protein energy supplementation, nutrition education for pregnant adolescents, obesity prevention and management, and management of gestational diabetes...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431255/do-orally-directed-behaviors-mediate-the-relationship-between-behavioral-state-and-nutritive-sucking-in-preterm-infants
#7
Rosemary White-Traut, Li Liu, Kathleen Norr, Krisitin Rankin, Suzann K Campbell, Thao Griffith, Rohitkumar Vasa, Victoria Geraldo, Barbara Medoff-Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431170/early-total-enteral-feeding-in-stable-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-before-and-after-study
#8
Sushma Nangia, Amit Bishnoi, Ankita Goel, Piali Mandal, Soumya Tiwari, Arvind Saili
Background: Fear of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has perpetuated delayed initiation and slow advancement of enteral feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with inherent risks of parenteral alimentation. The objective of this study was to assess effect of early total enteral feeding (ETEF) on day of achievement of full enteral feeds, feed intolerance, NEC and sepsis. Methods: In total, 208 stable VLBW neonates (28-34 weeks) admitted during 6 month periods of three consecutive years were enrolled...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418807/coagulase-negative-staphylococci-in-human-milk-from-mothers-of-preterm-compared-with-term-neonates
#9
Hiie Soeorg, Tuuli Metsvaht, Imbi Eelmäe, Hanna Kadri Metsvaht, Sirli Treumuth, Mirjam Merila, Mari-Liis Ilmoja, Irja Lutsar
BACKGROUND: Human milk is the preferred nutrition for neonates and a source of bacteria. Research aim: The authors aimed to characterize the molecular epidemiology and genetic content of staphylococci in the human milk of mothers of preterm and term neonates. METHODS: Staphylococci were isolated once per week in the 1st month postpartum from the human milk of mothers of 20 healthy term and 49 preterm neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. Multilocus variable-number tandem-repeats analysis and multilocus sequence typing were used...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412957/pattern-of-drug-use-among-preterm-neonates-results-from-an-italian-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#10
A Girardi, S Galletti, E Raschi, A Koci, E Poluzzi, G Faldella, F De Ponti
BACKGROUND: Drug use in preterm neonates admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) has been investigated, so far, in terms of unauthorized or off-label use; very little is known on the use of combinations of different active substances, which is frequently required in this population (prophylaxis of infections, treatment of concomitant diseases). The aim of this study was to describe the most common patterns of drug use in an Italian NICU, focusing on those with nephrotoxic potential...
April 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405492/a-rare-complication-of-central-venous-catheter-extravasation-in-a-preterm-neonate-hemidiaphragmatic-paralysis
#12
C Hobson, D Dubillot, H Lardy, D Sirinelli, E Saliba, E Lopez
We report a case of a preterm neonate born at 26 weeks' of gestation diagnosed with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. This paralysis was a consequence of a phrenic nerve injury due to extravasation of hyperosmolar parenteral nutrition fluid in the upper thorax. Chest X-rays and ultrasonography confirmed the diagnosis. The neonate was treated with prolonged respiratory support and did not require surgical treatment. This report describes a case of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis as a complication of central venous catheter insertion...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389753/the-role-of-hsp70-in-the-regulation-of-autophagy-in-gametogenesis-pregnancy-and-parturition
#13
Steven S Witkin, Tomi T Kanninen, Giovanni Sisti
Induction of the 70 kDa heat shock protein (hsp70) and autophagy are two major mechanisms that promote cell homeostasis during the rapid cell growth and differentiation characteristic of reproduction. Hsp70 insures proper assembly, conformation, and intracellular transport of nascent proteins. Autophagy removes from the cytoplasm proteins, other macromolecules, and organelles that are no longer functional or needed and recycles their components for synthesis of new products under nutritionally limiting conditions...
2017: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388919/scope-and-quality-of-cochrane-reviews-of-nutrition-interventions-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Celeste E Naude, Solange Durao, Abigail Harper, Jimmy Volmink
BACKGROUND: All countries face significant challenges from complex manifestations of malnutrition, which affects one in three people globally. Systematic reviews provide ready-to-use syntheses of quality-appraised evidence to inform decision-making for actions. To enhance the utility and quality of future Cochrane nutrition evidence, we described the scope and quality of all nutrition systematic reviews in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR). METHODS: We screened all active CDSR records (31 July 2015) to identify reviews and protocols using pre-specified eligibility criteria and definitions...
April 7, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377269/multivitamin-use-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Hanne T Wolf, Hanne K Hegaard, Lene D Huusom, Anja B Pinborg
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, a healthy diet is widely accessible. However, a change toward a poor-quality diet with a low nutritional value in high-income countries has led to an inadequate vitamin intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between multivitamin use among women in high-income countries and the risk of adverse birth outcomes (preterm birth [primary outcome], low birthweight, small for gestational age, stillbirth, neonatal death, perinatal mortality, and congenital anomalies without further specification)...
April 2, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369652/early-versus-late-enteral-feeding-in-preterm-intrauterine-growth-restricted-neonates-with-antenatal-doppler-abnormalities-an-open-label-randomized-trial
#16
Vishal Vishnu Tewari, Sachin Kumar Dubey, Reema Kumar, Shakti Vardhan, C M Sreedhar, Girish Gupta
Background of the study: Enteral feeding in preterm neonates with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and absent or reversed end diastolic flow (AREDF) on umbilical artery (UA) Doppler is delayed owing to an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Delaying enteral feeding with longer duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) carries an increased risk of sepsis. Objectives: To study early versus late feeding in preterm IUGR neonates for time required to attain sufficient feed volume to discontinue PN and increased risk of NEC or feed intolerance (FI)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359356/nutritional-approach-to-preterm-infants-on-noninvasive-ventilation-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Valentina Bozzetti, Chiara De Angelis, Paolo E Tagliabue
Nutrition and pulmonary function in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWIs) are strictly related. Preterm infants on noninvasive ventilation may have respiratory instability that can interfere with feeding tolerance. Moreover, feeding may impair pulmonary function. These infants have nutritional requirements different from nonventilated infants. The main challenge of the nutritional support in such patients is to guarantee adequate caloric intake while avoiding episodes of feeding intolerance. The aim of this study was to review the issues and strategies of enteral feeding of preterm infants on noninvasive ventilation...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335478/lactational-stage-of-pasteurized-human-donor-milk-contributes-to-nutrient-limitations-for-infants
#18
Christina J Valentine, Georgia Morrow, Amanda Reisinger, Kelly A Dingess, Ardythe L Morrow, Lynette K Rogers
BACKGROUND: Mother's own milk is the first choice for feeding preterm infants, but when not available, pasteurized human donor milk (PDM) is often used. Infants fed PDM have difficulties maintaining appropriate growth velocities. To assess the most basic elements of nutrition, we tested the hypotheses that fatty acid and amino acid composition of PDM is highly variable and standard pooling practices attenuate variability; however, total nutrients may be limiting without supplementation due to late lactational stage of the milk...
March 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324898/breathing-and-swallowing-the-next-frontier
#19
Roxann Diez Gross, Marybeth Trapani-Hanasewych
The anatomical overlap of the pathways for air passage and nutrition necessitate precise coordination between the two vital functions. Neuroanatomic structures in the brainstem for sucking, breathing, and swallowing are also in close proximity and must swiftly coordinate the processes. In a healthy neonate, the oropharyngeal experience and stimulation of early feeding enables respiratory control during suckling to develop. Despite wide variability among the methods used to investigate breathing and swallowing coordination in infancy, a consistent finding of postswallow exhalation has been reported...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316968/a-stepwise-pilot-study-of-bovine-colostrum-to-supplement-the-first-enteral-feeding-in-preterm-infants-precolos-study-protocol-and-initial-results
#20
Yanqi Li, Sandra M Juhl, Xuqiang Ye, René L Shen, Elisabeth Omolabake Iyore, Yiheng Dai, Per T Sangild, Gorm O Greisen
STUDY PROTOCOL: The optimal feeding for preterm infants during the first weeks is still debated, especially when mother's own milk is lacking or limited. Intact bovine colostrum (BC) contains high amounts of protein, growth factors, and immuno-regulatory components that may benefit protein intake and gut maturation. We designed a pilot study to investigate the feasibility and tolerability of BC as the first nutrition for preterm infants. The study was designed into three phases (A, B, and C) and recruited infants with birth weights of 1,000-1,800 g (China) or gestational ages (GAs) of 27 + 0 to 32 + 6 weeks (Denmark)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
80752
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"