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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103269/wildlife-population-dynamics-in-human-dominated-landscapes-under-community-based-conservation-the-example-of-nakuru-wildlife-conservancy-kenya
#1
Joseph O Ogutu, Bernard Kuloba, Hans-Peter Piepho, Erustus Kanga
Wildlife conservation is facing numerous and mounting challenges on private and communal lands in Africa, including in Kenya. We analyze the population dynamics of 44 common wildlife species in relation to rainfall variation in the Nakuru Wildlife Conservancy (NWC), located in the Nakuru-Naivasha region of Kenya, based on ground total counts carried out twice each year from March 1996 to May 2015. Rainfall in the region was quasi-periodic with cycle periods dependent on the rainfall component and varying from 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102907/global-lessons-from-successful-rhinoceros-conservation-in-nepal
#2
Achyut Aryal, Krishna Prasad Acharya, Uttam Babu Shrestha, Maheshwar Dhakal, David Raubenhiemer, Wendy Wright
Global populations of rhinoceros have declined alarmingly, from about 500,000 at the beginning of the 20(th) century to 29,000 in 2016, largely due to an escalation of poaching for rhinoceros horn (Traffic 2016; Biggs et al. 2013). The current global rhino population is comprised of three Asian Species and two African species, the latter located in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia and Zimbabwe,. In Africa, the Southern white rhinoceros population is estimated at 20,700; and there are estimated to be around 4,885 black rhinoceros...
January 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102250/animal-behaviour-faecal-odours-act-as-rhino-signals
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077775/dung-odours-signal-sex-age-territorial-and-oestrous-state-in-white-rhinos
#4
Courtney Marneweck, Andreas Jürgens, Adrian M Shrader
Mammals commonly communicate olfactorily via urine. However, the extent to which they communicate via dung, another waste product, is unknown. Behavioural studies suggest that mammals can obtain information from dung odours but are unclear about the information transmitted. Moreover, an understanding of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from dung is limited. To address this, we analysed the odours emitted from the dung of free-ranging white rhinos, and found that 2,3-dimethylundecane signalled an individual's sex, heptanal discriminated age class, nonane defined male territorial status and 2,6-dimethylundecane indicated female oestrous state...
January 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065602/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategy-in-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-guidelines-of-the-french-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-society-sforl
#5
J Nevoux, V Franco-Vidal, D Bouccara, C Parietti-Winkler, A Uziel, A Chays, X Dubernard, V Couloigner, V Darrouzet, T Mom
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société française d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie de la face et du cou: SFORL) for diagnostic and therapeutic strategy in Menière's disease. METHODS: A work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group. The guidelines were graded according to the literature analysis and recommendations grading guide published by the French National Agency for Accreditation and Evaluation in Health (January 2000)...
January 3, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025611/evidence-and-evidence-gaps-an-introduction
#6
REVIEW
Gabriele Dreier, Jan Löhler
Background: Medical treatment requires the implementation of existing evidence in the decision making process in order to be able to find the best possible diagnostic, therapeutic or prognostic measure for the individual patient based on the physician's own expertise. Clinical trials form the evidence base and ideally, their results are assembled, analyzed, summarized, and made available in systematic review articles. Beside planning, conducting, and evaluating clinical trials in conformity with GCP (good clinical practice), it is essential that all results of conducted studies are publicly available in order to avoid publication bias...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025601/implementation-of-study-results-in-guidelines-and-adherence-to-guidelines-in-clinical-practice
#7
REVIEW
Frank Waldfahrer
Guidelines were introduced in hospital- and practice-based otorhinolaryngology in the 1990ies, and have been undergoing further development ever since. There are currently 20 guidelines on file at the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery. The society has cooperated in further 34 guidelines. The quality of the guidelines has been continuously improved by concrete specifications put forward by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018810/transmediastinal-trachea-closure-after-dilational-tracheotomy-positioned-too-low-down
#8
Andreas Kirschbaum, Tanja Maier, Afsin Teymoortash
Dilational tracheotomy is a minimally invasive method that can be performed at the bedside on patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. In our 70-year-old male patient, percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (Ciaglia Blue Rhino, Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, Indiana, United States) was performed because of bilateral pneumonia with sepsis. There were no initial problems. Nine days later, while the patient was being repositioned, the tracheal cannula became dislocated. Despite extending the cervical incision it was not possible to recannulate...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000789/earliest-known-unequivocal-rhinocerotoid-sheds-new-light-on-the-origin-of-giant-rhinos-and-phylogeny-of-early-rhinocerotoids
#9
Haibing Wang, Bin Bai, Jin Meng, Yuanqing Wang
Forstercooperiines are a group of primitive rhinocerotoids with a relatively large body size in the Eocene, and normally considered to be closely related to Giant Rhinos. Here we report a new forstercooperiine, Pappaceras meiomenus sp. nov., from the late Early Eocene Arshanto Formation, Erlian Basin, Nei Mongol, China. Pappaceras is the earliest known unequivocal rhinocerotoid, and the holotype of the new species, represented by the most complete cranium of forstercooperiines known to date, shows the earliest evidence of reduction of the first upper premolar in rhinocerotoids, and resembles paraceratheriine Juxia in basicranial features, supporting the interpretation that the forstercooperiine clade is ancestral to paraceratheriines...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986467/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-short-version-specific-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-rendu-osler-weber-disease
#10
L Robard, J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, O Malard, L Crampette
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) concerning specific treatment of epistaxis in Rendu-Osler-Weber disease. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
December 13, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984602/-analysis-of-clinical-phenotypes-and-genetic-variations-in-a-chinese-family-affected-with-craniofacial-and-skeletal-deformities
#11
Huihui Sun, Naijun Wan
OBJECTIVE: To identify pathogenic mutation in a pedigree affected with craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities featuring an autosomal dominant inheritance. METHODS: Clinical data and peripheral venous blood samples of the pedigree were collected. A total of 326 exons of skeletal disease-related genes were screened using Roche NimbleGen probes, and the results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Suspected variants were analyzed by bioinformatic software. RESULTS: A novel heterozygous mutation c...
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975476/analysis-of-elicitors-in-different-varieties-of-corn-silk
#12
L Fougère, A Chartier, B Rhino, E Destandau, C Elfakir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956447/towards-understanding-and-managing-chronic-cough
#13
Imran Satia, Huda Badri, Bashar Al-Sheklly, Jaclyn Ann Smith, Ashley A Woodcock
Chronic cough is a common and troublesome condition affecting approximately 12% of the general population. It is associated with poor quality of life with psychological, social and physical consequences. Patients typically complain of a dry irritating cough, driven by a strong urge to cough associated with a sensation or irritation located in the throat. Treatment of potential 'causes', ie asthma, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and rhino-sinusitis, may produce a complete or partial response, but the response of some patients to opiates and alpha-2-delta ligand antagonists (gabapentin and pregabalin) supports the concept that this is primarily a neurological disorder, characterised by hyper-responsiveness of the nerves...
December 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939293/telomeric-retrotransposon-het-a-contains-a-bidirectional-promoter-that-initiates-divergent-transcription-of-pirna-precursors-in-drosophila-germline
#14
Elizaveta Radion, Sergei Ryazansky, Natalia Akulenko, Yakov Rozovsky, Dmitry Kwon, Valeriya Morgunova, Ivan Olovnikov, Alla Kalmykova
PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) provide the silencing of transposable elements in the germline. Drosophila telomeres are maintained by transpositions of specialized telomeric retroelements. piRNAs generated from sense and antisense transcripts of telomeric elements provide telomere length control in the germline. Previously, we have found that antisense transcription of the major telomeric retroelement HeT-A is initiated upstream of the HeT-A sense transcription start site. Here, we performed a deletion analysis of the HeT-A promoter and show that common regulatory elements are shared by sense and antisense promoters of HeT-A...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932388/from-embryo-to-adult-pirna-mediated-silencing-throughout-germline-development-in-drosophila
#15
Pauline P Marie, Stéphane Ronsseray, Antoine Boivin
In metazoan germ cells, transposable element activity is repressed by small noncoding PIWI-associated RNAs (piRNAs). Numerous studies in Drosophila have elucidated the mechanism of this repression in the adult germline. However, when and how transposable element repression is established during germline development, has not been addressed. Here, we show that homology-dependent trans silencing is active in female primordial germ cells from late embryogenesis through pupal stages, and that genes related to the adult piRNA pathway are required for silencing during development...
December 14, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932183/rhino-orbita-maxillary-mucormycosis-after-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#16
R Farojov, O Aydın, C Yılmaz, Z Iakobadze, L Doğanay, D Camlı, A Demireller, S C Küçükgül, M Kılıç
Mucormycosis is a rare lethal complication of organ transplantation that progresses rapidly, and the prognosis is dismal if diagnosed late. We present a surviving liver transplant recipient in whom severe rhino-orbita-maxillary mucormycosis developed 1 month after liver transplantation. Prompt diagnosis with tissue biopsy, local control of the underlying condition with aggressive surgical debridement, and appropriate administration of systemic antifungal therapies are essential to improve prognosis and survival...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900065/rhino-orbital-cerebral-mucormycosis-and-orbital-exenteration
#17
Matthew P Fahrenkopf, Joshua J Nelson, Mitchell Eichhorn, Julie Conway, Adam Hassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885205/clinical-efficacy-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-in-the-second-treated-year-for-133-patients-with-japanese-cedar-pollinosis-in-2016
#18
Atsushi Yuta, Yukiko Ogawa, Yusuke Suzuki, Masahiko Arikata, Hideaki Kozaki, Takeshi Shimizu, Nobuo Ohta
: It past 2 years in 2016 after the first purchase of the drug for sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for Japanese Cedar pollinosis (JCP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clear the clinical efficacy of SLIT in the second treated year by comparing with other therapies, such as subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), or other pharmacotherapy. METHODS: We started SLIT at our clinic in October-December, 2014. We compared the clinical efficacy in 2016, of 133 SLIT with 46 SCIT, 351 primary pharmacotherapy that started therapies before pollen dispersal, 221 pharmacotherapy that started therapies after pollen disposal, or 337 non-treatment...
2016: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870917/combating-rhino-horn-trafficking-the-need-to-disrupt-criminal-networks
#19
Timothy C Haas, Sam M Ferreira
The onslaught on the World's wildlife continues despite numerous initiatives aimed at curbing it. We build a model that integrates rhino horn trade with rhino population dynamics in order to evaluate the impact of various management policies on rhino sustainability. In our model, an agent-based sub-model of horn trade from the poaching event up through a purchase of rhino horn in Asia impacts rhino abundance. A data-validated, individual-based sub-model of the rhino population of South Africa provides these abundance values...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861475/-rhino-orbital-mucormycosis-cohort-study-of-its-treatment-according-disease-extent-and-reversion-of-its-pathophysiology
#20
Héctor Manuel Prado-Calleros, Germán Fajardo-Dolci, Olga Plowes-Hernández, Carlos Jiménez-Gutiérrez
Mucormycosis is a lethal opportunistic fungal infection, described mostly in immunocompromised patients. A comparative cohort study was conducted to compare the evolution of the study group patients with rhino-orbital mucormycosis, in which a therapeutic protocol was instituted, in which the pterygomaxillary fossa is systematically surgically approached and orbital exenteration is performed or not based on the spreading of the infection to the orbital apex or the orbital fissure, with a historical group where these criteria were not applied...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
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