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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757585/ige-sensitization-to-inhalant-allergens-and-its-association-with-allergic-diseases-in-adults
#1
Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Behnoosh Tayebi, Fatemeh Nadali, Maryam Sharif Shoushtari, Shamim Khandan Alamdari, Majid Moslemi, Masoud Movehdi, Adriano Mari, Zahra Pourpak, Mostafa Moin
Allergic sensitization to inhalant allergens could be considered as a predictor in allergic diseases. The objective of this study was to assess IgE-mediated sensitization to inhalant allergens in allergic and non-allergic adults as well as the evaluation of its association with allergic diseases. This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2013 to 2016 in 604 allergic and 102 non-allergic adults selected from blood donor volunteers in Tehran, Iran. After taking informed consent, a standard questionnaire was filled to determine asthma, allergic rhinitis and/or conjunctivitis and atopic dermatitis in participants...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757560/-application-of-image-guided-technique-in-rhino-orbital-related-endoscopic-surgery
#2
Jin Mei Xue, Yuan Hui Li, Yan Ting Zhang, Fang Ling Guan, Li He Duan, Chang Qing Zhao
Objective: To review retrospectively six cases of rhino-orbital related endoscopic surgeries aided by Fusion electromagnetic system,to explore the indications and clinical value of image guided technique in endonasal endoscopic surgery. Method: Retrospective research methods were used.In this study,six cases of nasal endoscopic sinus surgery using Fusion electromagnetic system were analyzed,including 1 nasal penetrating foreign body,2 optic nerve decompressions,1 orbital apex hemangioma,1 sieve frontal sinus cyst,1 intraorbital mass biopsy...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738501/poaching-detection-technologies-a-survey
#3
Jacob Kamminga, Eyuel Ayele, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul Havinga
Between 1960 and 1990, 95% of the black rhino population in the world was killed. In South Africa, a rhino was killed every 8 h for its horn throughout 2016. Wild animals, rhinos and elephants, in particular, are facing an ever increasing poaching crisis. In this paper, we review poaching detection technologies that aim to save endangered species from extinction. We present requirements for effective poacher detection and identify research challenges through the survey. We describe poaching detection technologies in four domains: perimeter based, ground based, aerial based, and animal tagging based technologies...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719893/-the-new-german-guideline-on-rhinosinusitis-an-abbreviated-version
#4
Boris A Stuck, Achim Beule, Detmar Jobst, Ludger Klimek, Martin Laudien, Michael Lell, Thomas Vogl, Uwe Popert
At the beginning of this year, the new German guideline on rhinosinusitis was published as a joint guideline of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and the German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians. The guideline was designed for the treatment of adult patients with inflammatory diseases of the paranasal sinuses and is addressed to all medical specialties involved in the management of these diseases. The current challenge is the implementation of this guideline in the clinical daily routine...
May 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693949/analysis-of-preoperative-airway-examination-with-the-cmos-video-rhino-laryngoscope
#5
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Takeshi Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy is one of the most useful clinical techniques in difficult airway management Comparing with the fibroptic endoscope, this compact device is easy to operate and can provide the clear image. In this study, we investigated its usefulness in the preoperative examination of endoscopy. METHODS: Patients undergoing oral maxillofacial surgery were enrolled in this study. We performed preoperative airway examination by electronic endoscope (The CMOS video rhino-laryngoscope, KARL STORZ Endoscopy Japan, Tokyo)...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684146/genetic-structure-and-diversity-among-historic-and-modern-populations-of-the-sumatran-rhinoceros-dicerorhinus-sumatrensis
#6
Jessica R Brandt, Peter J Van Coeverden de Groot, Kelsey E Witt, Paige K Engelbrektsson, Kristofer M Helgen, Ripan S Malhi, Oliver A Ryder, Alfred L Roca
The Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), once widespread across Southeast Asia, now consists of as few as 30 individuals within Sumatra and Borneo. To aid in conservation planning, we sequenced 218 bp of control region mitochondrial (mt) DNA, identifying 17 distinct mitochondrial haplotypes across modern (N = 13) and museum (N = 26) samples. Museum specimens from Laos and Myanmar had divergent mtDNA, consistent with the placement of western mainland rhinos into the distinct subspecies D. s. lasiotis (presumed extinct)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672538/spatio-temporal-patterns-of-attacks-on-human-and-economic-losses-from-wildlife-in-chitwan-national-park-nepal
#7
Babu Ram Lamichhane, Gerard A Persoon, Herwig Leirs, Shashank Poudel, Naresh Subedi, Chiranjibi Prasad Pokheral, Santosh Bhattarai, Bishnu Prasad Thapaliya, Hans H de Iongh
Wildlife attacks on humans and economic losses often result in reduced support of local communities for wildlife conservation. Information on spatial and temporal patterns of such losses in the highly affected areas contribute in designing and implementing effective mitigation measures. We analyzed the loss of humans, livestock and property caused by wildlife during 1998 to 2016, using victim family's reports to Chitwan National Park authorities and Buffer Zone User Committees. A total of 4,014 incidents were recorded including attacks on humans, livestock depredation, property damage and crop raiding caused by 12 wildlife species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672274/cutaneous-mucormycosis-as-a-presenting-feature-of-type-1-diabetes-in-a-boy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Ganesh Jevalikar, Siddhnath Sudhanshu, Sanjay Mahendru, Smita Sarma, Khalid J Farooqui, Ambrish Mithal
BACKGROUND: Mucormycosis is a potentially fatal complication of diabetes. The rhino-orbito-cerebral form is the most common presentation, however, rarely other types can also be seen. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 4½ -year-old boy not previously known to be a diabetic who presented to the plastic surgery department for gangrene of the left middle finger with surrounding erythema and induration. After the diagnosis of diabetes and initial treatment, pus from the wound showed broad aseptate hyphae suggestive of mucormycosis which was further confirmed on culture...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668130/-rhino-orbito-cerebral-mucormycosis-from-dental-origin-case-report
#9
José Humberto Bravo, Andrés Mauricio Agudelo, Armando Cortés, Lorena Matta
Rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis from dental origin is an acute infection caused by opportunistic fungi belonging to the order of Mucorales, which affects mainly diabetic and immunocompromised patients.We report the case of a 63-year old diabetic man who performed a dental extraction on himself by his own means and subsequently developed a rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis with cutaneous and palatal affection. The species isolated in the mycological culture was Rhizopus sp.
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666080/eye-for-an-eye-near-fatal-outcome-of-fungal-infection-in-a-young-diabetic-girl
#10
Fedja I Vos, Sietze Reitsma, Gwijde F J P M Adriaensen, Wytske J Fokkens
In this report, we describe the case of a young, diabetic girl with ketoacidosis who suffered sudden loss of vision of the right eye. The loss of vision was caused by an invasive rhino-orbital-cerebral fungal infection (mucormycosis) with extensive periorbital thrombosis. Despite maximal antifungal and surgical treatment (including exenteration of the right orbit), the clinical situation deteriorated. It was only after overcoming the difficulties of managing her hyperglycaemia that the patient's condition stabilised and her life was saved...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665523/revealing-the-microbiota-of-marketed-edible-insects-through-pcr-dgge-metagenomic-sequencing-and-real-time-pcr
#11
Andrea Osimani, Vesna Milanović, Cristiana Garofalo, Federica Cardinali, Andrea Roncolini, Riccardo Sabbatini, Francesca De Filippis, Danilo Ercolini, Claudia Gabucci, Annalisa Petruzzelli, Franco Tonucci, Francesca Clementi, Lucia Aquilanti
The present study aimed to identify the microbiota present in six species of processed edible insects produced in Thailand and marketed worldwide via the internet, namely, giant water bugs (Belostoma lutarium), black ants (Polyrhachis), winged termites (alates, Termitoidae), rhino beetles (Hyboschema contractum), mole crickets (Gryllotalpidae), and silkworm pupae (Bombyx mori). For each species, two samples of boiled, dried and salted insects were purchased. The microbial DNA was extracted from the insect samples and subjected to polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE), high-throughput sequencing and qualitative real-time PCR assays...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642408/mucormycosis-battle-with-the-deadly-enemy-over-a-five-year-period-in-india
#12
Jagdish Chander, Mandeep Kaur, Nidhi Singla, R P S Punia, Surinder K Singhal, Ashok K Attri, Ana Alastruey-Izquierdo, Alberto M Stchigel, Jose F Cano-Lira, Josep Guarro
Mucormycosis is an emerging opportunistic fungal infection. Increasing immunocompromization, widespread use of antibacterial and antifungal agents (such as voriconazole prophylaxis), carcinomas, transplantation and lifestyle diseases such as diabetes are the main contributors to this situation. The predominant clinical manifestations of mucormycosis vary from host to host, with rhino-orbital-cerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, and gastrointestinal infections being the most common. In India, the prevalence of mucormycosis is approximately 0...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621411/the-southern-sweden-adolescent-allergy-cohort-prevalence-of-allergic-diseases-and-cross-sectional-associations-with-individual-and-social-factors
#13
Therese Sterner, Ada Uldahl, Åke Svensson, Jonas Björk, Cecilia Svedman, Christel Nielsen, Alf Tunsäter, Magnus Bruze, Hampus Kiotseridis
OBJECTIVES: Asthma and allergic diseases are the most frequent chronic diseases in childhood worldwide, and considered a burden for the affected children and their families. The diseases impose an economic burden on society if not diagnosed and treated properly and management of and these diseases are challenging for healthcare professionals. The aim of the present investigation was to assess the prevalence of allergic diseases in an unselected cohort of adolescents in southern Sweden...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619537/-research-today-future-tomorrow-89th-annual-meeting-of-the-german-society-of-oto-rhino-laryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#14
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599255/can-ivf-save-the-northern-white-rhino-from-extinction
#15
(no author information available yet)
As the last male northern white rhino is euthanased, leaving just two females - his daughter and granddaughter - what is the future for this subspecies? Sophie Ingledew explains.
March 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573830/gastric-mucormycosis-in-a-liver-and-kidney-transplant-recipient-case-report-and-concise-review-of-literature
#16
G Alfano, F Fontana, D Francesca, G Assirati, P Magistri, G Tarantino, R Ballarin, G Rossi, E Franceschini, M Codeluppi, G Guaraldi, C Mussini, F Di Benedetto, G Cappelli
Mucormycosis is an uncommonly encountered fungal infection in solid organ transplantation. The infection is severe and often results in a fatal outcome. The most common presentations are rhino-sino-orbital and pulmonary disease. We describe a rare case of gastric mucormycosis in a patient with a combined liver-kidney transplant affected by glycogen storage disease type Ia. A 42-year-old female patient presented with gastric pain and melena 26 days after transplantation. Evaluation with upper endoscopy showed two bleeding gastric ulcers...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565393/spy-poison-probe-white-rhino-and-stephen-hawking-the-week-in-science
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463423/-is-celecoxib-a-safe-alternative-for-the-fernand-widal-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
A Schaller, C Metz-Favre, L Guenard-Bilbaut, F De Blay
The Fernand Widal syndrome is a set of associations between asthma, nasal polyposis and aspirin sensitivity. Selective cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX 2) inhibitors are recognized as being a therapeutic alternative in cases needing analgesic or anti-inflammatory treatment. In a retrospective study, we have compiled data concerning oral provocation tests (OPT) undertaken with celecoxib, one of most the selective COX 2 inhibitors, in eight patients with the Fernand Widal syndrome. They were compared with twenty-seven control patients with sensitivity to aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, manifesting as asthma, urticaria or rhino-conjunctivitis...
February 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456942/bacterial-biofilms-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-their-implications-for-clinical-management
#19
Abhilasha Karunasagar, Santosh S Garag, Suma B Appannavar, Raghavendra D Kulkarni, Ashok S Naik
To study the microbiological profile in patients with chronic rhino-sinusitis. To correlate disease severity with the presence of biofilms and host risk factors. To assess outcome of Sinus Surgery 2 weeks post operatively in terms of presence of bacteria and their ability to form biofilm. Prospective study. 50 cases of chronic rhino-sinusitis requiring Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery admitted in SDM Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka were studied using intra-operative mucosal samples for microbiological analysis...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444287/mosquitoes-of-northwestern-uganda
#20
J-P Mutebi, M B Crabtree, R C Kading, A M Powers, J P Ledermann, E C Mossel, N Zeidner, J J Lutwama, B R Miller
Despite evidence of arbovirus activity in northwestern Uganda (West Nile Sub-region), there is very limited information on the mosquito fauna of this region. The only published study reported 52 mosquito species in northwestern Uganda but this study took place in 1950 and the information has not been updated for more than 60 yr. In January and June 2011, CO2 baited-light traps were used to collect 49,231 mosquitoes from four different locations, Paraa (9,487), Chobe (20,025), Sunguru (759), and Rhino Camp (18,960)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
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