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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913991/seasonal-cycle-and-relationship-of-seasonal-rhino-and-influenza-virus-epidemics-with-episodes-of-asthma-exacerbation-in-different-age-groups
#1
Seung Won Lee, Shinhae Lee, Youn Ho Sheen, Eun Kyo Ha, Sun Hee Choi, Min Suk Yang, Sohyun Hwang, Sung Soon Kim, Jang Hoon Choi, Man Yong Han
PURPOSE: Seasonal variations in asthma exacerbation (AE) are associated with respiratory virus outbreaks and the return of children to school after vacation. This study aims to elucidate the period, phase, and amplitude of seasonal cycles of AE in 5 different age groups with regard to rhino- and influenza virus epidemics in Korea. METHODS: The number of daily emergency department (ED) visits for AE in all age groups of Korea and the nationwide weekly incidence of rhino- and influenza virus, were obtained for 2008-2012...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910886/-the-interactive-role-of-rhinology-and-ophthalmology-in-the-development-of-transnasal-endoscopic-rhino-orbital-related-surgery
#2
B Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910885/-new-progression-and-challenges-in-transnasal-endoscopic-rhino-orbital-related-surgery
#3
J B Shi, G Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880287/molecular-biology-rhino-gives-voice-to-silent-chromatin
#4
Phillip D Zamore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864403/clinical-outcomes-of-several-imrt-techniques-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-propensity-score-weighted-analysis
#5
Jean-Emmanuel Bibault, Sophie Dussart, Pascal Pommier, Magali Morelle, Marius Huguet, Pierre Boisselier, Bernard Coche-Dequeant, Marc Alfonsi, Etienne Bardet, Michel Rives, Valentin Calugaru, Enrique Chajon, Georges Noel, Hinda Mecellem, Stephanie Servagi Vernat, Lionel Perrier, Philippe Giraud
PURPOSE: The Advanced Radiotherapy Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie (ART-ORL) study (NCT02024035) was performed to prospectively evaluate the clinical and economic aspects of helical TomoTherapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy (RapidArc, Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) for patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fourteen centers participated in this prospective comparative study. Randomization was not possible based on the availability of equipment...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861645/-guideline-for-rhinosinusitis-long-version-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-college-of-general-practitioners-and-family-physicians-and-the-german-society-for-oto-rhino-laryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#6
REVIEW
B A Stuck, A Beule, D Jobst, L Klimek, M Laudien, M Lell, T J Vogl, U Popert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847004/a-heterochromatin-dependent-transcription-machinery-drives-pirna-expression
#7
Peter Refsing Andersen, Laszlo Tirian, Milica Vunjak, Julius Brennecke
Nuclear small RNA pathways safeguard genome integrity by establishing transcription-repressing heterochromatin at transposable elements. This inevitably also targets the transposon-rich source loci of the small RNAs themselves. How small RNA source loci are efficiently transcribed while transposon promoters are potently silenced is not understood. Here we show that, in Drosophila, transcription of PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) clusters-small RNA source loci in animal gonads-is enforced through RNA polymerase II pre-initiation complex formation within repressive heterochromatin...
September 7, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844040/rhino-orbito-cerebral-mucormycosis-recovery-against-the-odds
#8
Saman Zafar, Aparna Prabhu
A 22-year-old woman presented with diabetic ketoacidosis, acute right eye blindness and complete ophthalmoplegia. Despite early suspicion and treatment for rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis, her extensive spread of infection led to right internal carotid artery occlusion and cavernous sinus thrombosis, right-sided cerebral watershed infarctions and large abscesses in her right cerebellum, temporal lobe and pons. She underwent surgical removal of her right eye, paranasal sinuses, maxilla and palate, suboccipital craniectomy and shunting for hydrocephalus...
August 26, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818287/application-of-flexible-endoscopy-based-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-tumour-pathologies-in-otorhinolaryngology
#9
Carlos Saga, Manuel Olalde, Ekhiñe Larruskain, Leire Álvarez, Xabier Altuna
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Interventional endoscopy allows us to act on the pathology of the patient with minimal discomfort, low costs and high efficiency. We assessed the validity of flexible endoscopic biopsies in our hospital, in lesions suspected of malignancy in the rhino-pharyngo-laryngeal space. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with a pathology suspected of malignancy assessed between 2006-2016 in our centre. We evaluated the effectiveness, the tolerance and the number of complications...
August 14, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792370/molecular-diagnosis-of-rhino-orbito-cerebral-mucormycosis-from-fresh-tissue-samples
#10
Kamran Zaman, Shivaprakash Mandya Rudramurthy, Ashim Das, Naresh Panda, Prasanna Honnavar, Harsimran Kaur, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate a PCR-based technique for the diagnosis of mucormycosis and the identification of fungi from fresh tissue specimens in patients with rhino-orbito-cerebral-mucormycosis (ROCM). METHODOLOGY: Fifty cases of ROCM were included in the study. Conventional identification was performed using microscopy and culture. Molecular diagnosis was performed by amplifying the ribosomal DNA using pan-fungal ITS primers and semi-nested Mucorales-specific primers of the 18S region...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755897/gastrointestinal-mucormycosis-after-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-presenting-as-femoral-nerve-palsy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
D Gaut, B D Cone, A L Gregson, V G Agopian
Mucormycosis has emerged as a major threat to transplant recipients with high morbidity and mortality. This infection most commonly presents with rhino-sino-orbital localization. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is uncommon, with presenting symptoms usually abdominal in nature. Here, we describe the case of a liver transplant recipient who developed gastrointestinal mucormycosis with an initial manifestation of femoral nerve palsy, ultimately resulting in fungal dissemination and patient demise. This case highlights the challenges in making a timely diagnosis of mucormycosis, particularly in immunocompromised patients...
July 26, 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681434/arterial-patterns-of-the-face-in-perissodactyla
#12
Karolina Kowalczyk, Hieronim Frąckowiak
Considerable consistency in the arterial pattern of the head has been observed in species of Artiodactyla, but few studies have examined the order Perissodactyla. Here, we describe arteries supplying the intermandibular, mental, masseteric, buccal, labial, and nasal regions in eight perissodactylans, including representing of all families comprising this order. Observations were made on a total of 45 preparations of head arteries, obtained by injection of arteries with acetone-dissolved stained vinyl superchloride or stained latex LBS3060...
July 6, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632331/the-validity-of-register-data-to-identify-children-with-atopic-dermatitis-asthma-or-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#13
Lone Graff Stensballe, Lotte Klansø, Andreas Jensen, Ann Haerskjold, Simon Francis Thomsen, Jacob Simonsen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of atopic dermatitis, wheezing, asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis has been increasing. Register-based studies are essential for research in subpopulations with specific diseases and facilitate epidemiological studies to identify causes and evaluate interventions. Algorithms have been developed to identify children with atopic dermatitis, asthma or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis using register information on disease-specific dispensed prescribed medication and hospital contacts, but the validity of the algorithms has not been evaluated...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623532/rhizopus-homothallicus-causing-invasive-infections-series-of-three-cases-from-a-single-centre-in-north-india
#14
Prathyusha Kokkayil, Mragnayani Pandey, Reshu Agarwal, Pratibha Kale, Gagandeep Singh, Immaculata Xess
Mucormycoses are opportunistic fungal infections with a high mortality rate. Rhizopus oryzae is the most common agent implicated in human infections. Although R. homothallicus has been previously reported to be a cause of pulmonary mucormycosis, it is the first time that we are reporting as a causative agent of rhino-orbital and cutaneous mucormycosis.
June 16, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608416/increased-prevalence-of-allergic-asthma-from-1996-to-2006-and-further-to-2016-results-from-three-population-surveys
#15
Helena Backman, Petri Räisänen, Linnea Hedman, Caroline Stridsman, Martin Andersson, Anne Lindberg, Bo Lundbäck, Eva Rönmark
BACKGROUND: During the latter half of the 20(th) century the prevalence of asthma and many other allergic diseases has increased. Information on asthma prevalence trends after 2010, especially regarding studies separating allergic asthma from non-allergic asthma is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to estimate prevalence trends of current asthma, both allergic and non-allergic, from 1996 to 2016. METHODS: Three cross-sectional samples from the same area of Sweden, 20-69 years, participated in surveys with the same questionnaire in 1996 (n=7104 participants, 85% response rate), 2006 (n=6165, 77%) and 2016 (n=5466, 53%), respectively...
June 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584970/morphometric-evaluation-of-facial-and-vestibulocochlear-nerves-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging-comparison-of-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-ears-with-normal-hearing-ears
#16
Annika Henneberger, Birgit Ertl-Wagner, Maximilian Reiser, Robert Gürkov, Wilhelm Flatz
Loss of neural structures (such as hair cells or neurones within the spiral ganglion) has been proposed to be involved in Menière's disease (MD) (Spoendlin et al. Acta oto-laryngologica Supplementum 499:1-21, 1; Merchant et al. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Off J Eur Feder Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Soc (EUFOS) Affil German Soc Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Head Neck Surg 252(2):63-75, 2; Tsuji et al. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl 81:26-31, 3; Kariya, Otol Neurotol Off Publ Am Otol Soc Am Neurotol Soc Eur Acad Otol Neurotol 28(8):1063-1068, 4; Megerian Laryngoscope 115(9):1525-1535, 5) but this has yet to be confirmed...
August 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580237/combination-liposomal-amphotericin-b-posaconazole-and-oral-amphotericin-b-for-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-mucorales-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#17
Anthony Anderson, Dayna McManus, Sarah Perreault, Ying-Chun Lo, Stuart Seropian, Jeffrey E Topal
Mucormycosis is a life threatening infection caused by fungi in the order Mucorales. Mucormycosis can affect any organ system with rhino-orbital-cerebral and pulmonary infections being the most predominant infection types. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is rare and accounts for only 4-7% of all cases. Here, we present a case of invasive gastrointestinal mucormycosis in an immunocompromised host treated with systemic and topical anti-mold therapy.
September 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571139/invasive-mucormycosis-in-a-case-of-aluminium-phosphide-poisoning
#18
Nitin Gupta, Gagandeep Singh, Karan Aggarwal, Alok Thakar, Immaculata Xess
Mucormycosis is a rapidly progressive disease with high mortality reported mostly in immunocompromised individuals. We report a case of Rhino-orbital mucormycosis (Lichtheimia corymbifera) in an immunocompetent individual with history of consumption of Aluminium Phosphide (ALP) tablets. We postulated the following effects of ALP poisoning that would have increased the chances of mucormycosis in this patient: 1) Metabolic acidosis; 2) Acute Kidney Injury (AKI); and 3) Liberation of free oxygen radicals.
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514368/-the-use-of-modern-topical-medications-for-the-stepwise-treatment-of-allergic-rhinitis-the-effectiveness-and-prospects-for-the-further-extension-of-their-application
#19
REVIEW
E V Nosulya, I A Kim
The objective of the present work was to summarize the results of clinical studies designed to evaluate the effectiveness of 'Momate Rhino Advance' in the form of the nasal spray (based on the fixed combination of mometasone furoate and azelastine) that finds an increasingly wide application for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. The available data give evidence that this medication can be prescribed to the patients presenting with the severe and moderate form of allergic rhinitis. The treatment should be started with the use of the combined preparation and continued, after the adequate control of the clinical symptoms of allergic rhinitis is achieved, using 'Momate Rhino' during the next 2-4 weeks for the reliable management of the disease...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474379/recent-advances-in-the-use-of-nanoparticles-for-allergen-specific-immunotherapy
#20
REVIEW
H Pohlit, I Bellinghausen, H Frey, J Saloga
The number of patients suffering from allergic asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis has increased dramatically within the last decades. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only available cause-oriented therapy so far. AIT reduces symptoms, but has also a disease-modifying effect. Disadvantages are a long-lasting procedure, and in a few cases potential systemic adverse reactions. Encapsulation of allergens or DNA vaccines into nanostructures may provide advantages compared to the conventional AIT with noncapsulated allergen extracts: The protein/DNA molecule can be protected from degradation, higher local concentrations and targeted delivery to the site of action appear possible, and most importantly, recognition of encapsulated allergen by the immune system, especially by IgE antibodies, is prevented...
May 5, 2017: Allergy
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