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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214352/gastro-oesophageal-reflux-in-patients-with-chronic-rhino-sinusitis-investigated-with-multichannel-impedance-ph-monitoring
#1
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: The pathophysiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is unclear. It has been discussed for decades whether gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) may be a contributing factor for some patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the level of GOR in an unselected group of patients with CRS using multichannel impedance-pH monitoring. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CRS diagnosed using the EPOS2012 criteria, completed questionnaires on GOR symptoms and were offered 24-h multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH monitoring...
February 18, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181947/fiberoptic-guided-blue-rhino-dilator-assisted-dilation-of-postintubation-tracheal-stenosis-a-case-report-about-a-novel-technique
#2
Nishkarsh Gupta, Prasant Sahoo, Karan Madan, Sachidanand Jee Bharti
Posttracheostomy tracheal stenosis is a rare complication of prolonged tracheal intubation. Treatment modalities that may be used include surgical resection and anastomosis, endoscopic tracheal dilation, laser resection, and tracheal stenting. We describe a novel salvage modality for dilation of a symptomatic tracheal stenosis using a percutaneous tracheostomy dilator wherein rigid bronchoscopic dilation was not feasible and balloon tracheal dilation had failed.
February 8, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170027/snp-discovery-and-characterisation-in-white-rhino-ceratotherium-simum-with-application-to-parentage-assignment
#3
Christiaan Labuschagne, Desiré L Dalton, J Paul Grobler, Antoinette Kotzé
The white rhino is one of the great success stories of modern wildlife conservation, growing from as few as 50-100 animals in the 1880s, to approximately 20,000 white rhinoceros remaining today. However, illegal trade in conservational rhinoceros horns is adding constant pressure on remaining populations. Captive management of ex situ populations of endangered species using molecular methods can contribute to improving the management of the species. Here we compare for the first time the utility of 33 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and nine microsatellites (MS) in isolation and in combination for assigning parentage in captive White Rhinoceros...
February 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155285/parasites-of-domestic-and-wild-animals-in-south-africa-xlix-ticks-acari-ixodidae-infesting-white-and-black-rhinoceroses-in-southern-africa
#4
Ivan G Horak, Christiaan R Boshoff, David V Cooper, Christoper M Foggin, Danny Govender, Alan Harrison, Guy Hausler, Markus Hofmeyr, J Werner Kilian, Duncan N MacFadyen, Pierre J Nel, Dean Peinke, David Squarre, David Zimmermann
The objectives of the study were to determine the species composition of ticks infesting white and black rhinoceroses in southern Africa as well as the conservation status of those tick species that prefer rhinos as hosts. Ticks were collected opportunistically from rhinos that had been immobilised for management purposes, and 447 white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum) and 164 black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis) were sampled in South Africa, 61 black rhinos in Namibia, 18 white and 12 black rhinos in Zimbabwe, and 24 black rhinos in Zambia...
January 30, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149501/is-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-associated-with-asthma-or-chronic-rhino-sinusitis-in-european-adults-results-from-the-global-allergy-and-asthma-network-of-excellence-ga-2-len-survey
#5
Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, Rhonda Arthur, James F Potts, Peter H Howarth, Matti Ahlström, Tari Haahtela, Carlos Loureiro, Ana Todo Bom, Grzegorz Brożek, Joanna Makowska, Marek L Kowalski, Trine Thilsing, Thomas Keil, Paolo M Matricardi, Kjell Torén, Thibaut van Zele, Claus Bachert, Barbara Rymarczyk, Christer Janson, Bertil Forsberg, Ewa Niżankowska-Mogilnicka, Peter G J Burney
BACKGROUND: Fruits and vegetables are rich in compounds with proposed antioxidant, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties, which could contribute to reduce the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between asthma, and chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS) with intake of fruits and vegetables in European adults. METHODS: A stratified random sample was drawn from the Global Allergy and Asthma Network of Excellence (GA(2)LEN) screening survey, in which 55,000 adults aged 15-75 answered a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144057/respiratory-viruses-in-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Parvaiz A Koul, Hyder Mir, Shabir Akram, Varsha Potdar, Mandeep S Chadha
OBJECTIVE: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) cause significant morbidity, mortality, and an inexorable decline of lung function. Data from developed countries have shown viruses to be important causes of AECOPD, but data from developing countries like India are scant. We set out to determine the contribution of viruses in the causation of hospitalized patients with AECOPD. METHODS: Twin nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal swabs collected from 233 patients admitted with an acute AECOPD and tested for respiratory viruses including respiratory syncytial virus A and B, parainfluenza were (PIV) 1, 2, 3, and 4, human metapneumovirus (hMPV) A and B, influenza A and B, enterovirus, corona NL65, OC43, and 229E viruses, adenovirus 2 and 4, rhinovirus, and bocavirus, by duplex real time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) using CDC approved primers and probes...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126352/preclinical-evaluation-of-luffa-operculata-cogn-and-its-main-active-principle-in-the-treatment-of-bacterial-rhinosinusitis
#7
Leonardo Silva, Henrique Olival Costa, Flávia Coelho de Souza, Elaine Monteiro Cardoso Lopes, Suely Mitoi Ykko Ueda
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of rhinosinusitis is quite high. Despite the widespread use of antibiotics for rhinosinusitis, there are other forms of treatment, including phytotherapy. One of the most widely used herbal medicines for treatment of rhinosinusitis is Luffa operculata. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of topical nasal solution of the aqueous extract of L. operculata, determining the toxicity to its use and identifying the active principles presented in the aqueous extract...
December 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114162/impact-of-viral-respiratory-pathogens-on-outcomes-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#8
Katie Moynihan, Andrew Barlow, Nelson Alphonso, Ben Anderson, Janelle Johnson, Clare Nourse, Sanmarié Schlebusch, Tom R Karl, Luregn J Schlapbach
OBJECTIVES: Viral respiratory infection is commonly considered a relative contraindication to elective cardiac surgery. We aimed to determine the frequency and outcomes of symptomatic viral respiratory infection in pediatric cardiac surgical patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of children undergoing cardiac surgery. Symptomatic children were tested using a multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (respiratory virus polymerase chain reaction) panel capturing nine respiratory viruses...
January 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103269/wildlife-population-dynamics-in-human-dominated-landscapes-under-community-based-conservation-the-example-of-nakuru-wildlife-conservancy-kenya
#9
Joseph O Ogutu, Bernard Kuloba, Hans-Peter Piepho, Erustus Kanga
Wildlife conservation is facing numerous and mounting challenges on private and communal lands in Africa, including in Kenya. We analyze the population dynamics of 44 common wildlife species in relation to rainfall variation in the Nakuru Wildlife Conservancy (NWC), located in the Nakuru-Naivasha region of Kenya, based on ground total counts carried out twice each year from March 1996 to May 2015. Rainfall in the region was quasi-periodic with cycle periods dependent on the rainfall component and varying from 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102907/global-lessons-from-successful-rhinoceros-conservation-in-nepal
#10
Achyut Aryal, Krishna Prasad Acharya, Uttam Babu Shrestha, Maheshwar Dhakal, David Raubenhiemer, Wendy Wright
Global populations of rhinoceros have declined alarmingly, from about 500,000 at the beginning of the 20(th) century to 29,000 in 2016, largely due to an escalation of poaching for rhinoceros horn (Traffic 2016; Biggs et al. 2013). The current global rhino population is comprised of three Asian Species and two African species, the latter located in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia and Zimbabwe,. In Africa, the Southern white rhinoceros population is estimated at 20,700; and there are estimated to be around 4,885 black rhinoceros...
January 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102250/animal-behaviour-faecal-odours-act-as-rhino-signals
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077775/dung-odours-signal-sex-age-territorial-and-oestrous-state-in-white-rhinos
#12
Courtney Marneweck, Andreas Jürgens, Adrian M Shrader
Mammals commonly communicate olfactorily via urine. However, the extent to which they communicate via dung, another waste product, is unknown. Behavioural studies suggest that mammals can obtain information from dung odours but are unclear about the information transmitted. Moreover, an understanding of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from dung is limited. To address this, we analysed the odours emitted from the dung of free-ranging white rhinos, and found that 2,3-dimethylundecane signalled an individual's sex, heptanal discriminated age class, nonane defined male territorial status and 2,6-dimethylundecane indicated female oestrous state...
January 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065602/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategy-in-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-guidelines-of-the-french-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-society-sforl
#13
J Nevoux, V Franco-Vidal, D Bouccara, C Parietti-Winkler, A Uziel, A Chays, X Dubernard, V Couloigner, V Darrouzet, T Mom
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société française d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie de la face et du cou: SFORL) for diagnostic and therapeutic strategy in Menière's disease. METHODS: A work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group. The guidelines were graded according to the literature analysis and recommendations grading guide published by the French National Agency for Accreditation and Evaluation in Health (January 2000)...
January 3, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025611/evidence-and-evidence-gaps-an-introduction
#14
REVIEW
Gabriele Dreier, Jan Löhler
Background: Medical treatment requires the implementation of existing evidence in the decision making process in order to be able to find the best possible diagnostic, therapeutic or prognostic measure for the individual patient based on the physician's own expertise. Clinical trials form the evidence base and ideally, their results are assembled, analyzed, summarized, and made available in systematic review articles. Beside planning, conducting, and evaluating clinical trials in conformity with GCP (good clinical practice), it is essential that all results of conducted studies are publicly available in order to avoid publication bias...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025601/implementation-of-study-results-in-guidelines-and-adherence-to-guidelines-in-clinical-practice
#15
REVIEW
Frank Waldfahrer
Guidelines were introduced in hospital- and practice-based otorhinolaryngology in the 1990ies, and have been undergoing further development ever since. There are currently 20 guidelines on file at the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery. The society has cooperated in further 34 guidelines. The quality of the guidelines has been continuously improved by concrete specifications put forward by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018810/transmediastinal-trachea-closure-after-dilational-tracheotomy-positioned-too-low-down
#16
Andreas Kirschbaum, Tanja Maier, Afsin Teymoortash
Dilational tracheotomy is a minimally invasive method that can be performed at the bedside on patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. In our 70-year-old male patient, percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (Ciaglia Blue Rhino, Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, Indiana, United States) was performed because of bilateral pneumonia with sepsis. There were no initial problems. Nine days later, while the patient was being repositioned, the tracheal cannula became dislocated. Despite extending the cervical incision it was not possible to recannulate...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000789/earliest-known-unequivocal-rhinocerotoid-sheds-new-light-on-the-origin-of-giant-rhinos-and-phylogeny-of-early-rhinocerotoids
#17
Haibing Wang, Bin Bai, Jin Meng, Yuanqing Wang
Forstercooperiines are a group of primitive rhinocerotoids with a relatively large body size in the Eocene, and normally considered to be closely related to Giant Rhinos. Here we report a new forstercooperiine, Pappaceras meiomenus sp. nov., from the late Early Eocene Arshanto Formation, Erlian Basin, Nei Mongol, China. Pappaceras is the earliest known unequivocal rhinocerotoid, and the holotype of the new species, represented by the most complete cranium of forstercooperiines known to date, shows the earliest evidence of reduction of the first upper premolar in rhinocerotoids, and resembles paraceratheriine Juxia in basicranial features, supporting the interpretation that the forstercooperiine clade is ancestral to paraceratheriines...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986467/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-short-version-specific-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-rendu-osler-weber-disease
#18
L Robard, J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, O Malard, L Crampette
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) concerning specific treatment of epistaxis in Rendu-Osler-Weber disease. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
December 13, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984602/-analysis-of-clinical-phenotypes-and-genetic-variations-in-a-chinese-family-affected-with-craniofacial-and-skeletal-deformities
#19
Huihui Sun, Naijun Wan
OBJECTIVE: To identify pathogenic mutation in a pedigree affected with craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities featuring an autosomal dominant inheritance. METHODS: Clinical data and peripheral venous blood samples of the pedigree were collected. A total of 326 exons of skeletal disease-related genes were screened using Roche NimbleGen probes, and the results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Suspected variants were analyzed by bioinformatic software. RESULTS: A novel heterozygous mutation c...
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975476/analysis-of-elicitors-in-different-varieties-of-corn-silk
#20
L Fougère, A Chartier, B Rhino, E Destandau, C Elfakir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
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