keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rhino

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330916/climate-warming-and-humans-played-different-roles-in-triggering-late-quaternary-extinctions-in-east-and-west-eurasia
#1
Xinru Wan, Zhibin Zhang
Climate change and humans are proposed as the two key drivers of total extinction of many large mammals in the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene, but disentangling their relative roles remains challenging owing to a lack of quantitative evaluation of human impact and climate-driven distribution changes on the extinctions of these large mammals in a continuous temporal-spatial dimension. Here, our analyses showed that temperature change had significant effects on mammoth (genus Mammuthus), rhinoceros (Rhinocerotidae), horse (Equidae) and deer (Cervidae)...
March 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316883/middle-pleistocene-protein-sequences-from-the-rhinoceros-genus-stephanorhinus-and-the-phylogeny-of-extant-and-extinct-middle-late-pleistocene-rhinocerotidae
#2
Frido Welker, Geoff M Smith, Jarod M Hutson, Lutz Kindler, Alejandro Garcia-Moreno, Aritza Villaluenga, Elaine Turner, Sabine Gaudzinski-Windheuser
BACKGROUND: Ancient protein sequences are increasingly used to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships between extinct and extant mammalian taxa. Here, we apply these recent developments to Middle Pleistocene bone specimens of the rhinoceros genus Stephanorhinus. No biomolecular sequence data is currently available for this genus, leaving phylogenetic hypotheses on its evolutionary relationships to extant and extinct rhinoceroses untested. Furthermore, recent phylogenies based on Rhinocerotidae (partial or complete) mitochondrial DNA sequences differ in the placement of the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302328/experimental-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-mediated-rhino-sinusitis-in-mink
#3
S Kirkeby, A S Hammer, N Høiby, C M Salomonsen
OBJECTIVES: The nasal and sinus cavities in children may serve as reservoirs for microorganisms that cause recurrent and chronic lung infections. This study evaluates whether the mink can be used as an animal model for studying Pseudomonas aeruginosa mediated rhino-sinusitis since there is no suitable traditional animal model for this disease. METHODS: Nasal tissue samples from infected and control mink were fixed in formalin, demineralized, and embedded in paraffin...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290979/orbital-cellulitis-in-a-psoriatic-patient-treated-with-adalimumab
#4
Vienna G Katana, Robert J Carpenter, John P Trafeli, Julia M Kwan
INTRODUCTION: Psoriatic patients on tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFi) may be at increased risk for upper respiratory tract infections, including chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS). Rarely, CRS can progress to orbital cellulitis (OC), an emergent ophthalmic complication wherein respiratory flora from paranasal sinus disease intrude the retro-orbital space. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single case report. RESULTS: We report the first case, to our knowledge, of an invasive sinusitis that rapidly evolved into OC in a patient receiving adalimumab treatment for plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283998/anesthesia-residents-preferentially-request-operating-room-case-assignments-with-complex-cases
#5
Peggy Y Kim, Jonathan P Wanderer, David W Allbritton, Matthias Eikermann, Keith Baker
Self-directed learning is associated with knowledge and performance improvements, increased identification and amelioration of knowledge gaps, and heightened critical appraisal of available evidence. We developed and implemented a decision support system that could support self-directed learning for anesthesia residents by soliciting resident input in case selection. We hypothesized that residents would utilize this system to request complex cases, and that more advanced residents would request more complex cases...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276102/mucormycosis-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-gujarat-india
#6
Atul K Patel, Ketan K Patel, Kamlesh Patel, Swati Gohel, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
The prevalence of mucormycosis is reportedly high in India, although the studies are mainly from north and south India only. We analysed the mucormycosis cases at tertiary care centres of West India. We retrieved the clinical details of all the patients with probable and proven mucormycosis diagnosed at Sterling Hospital and ID clinic at Ahmedabad, Gujarat over the period from 1 January 2013 through 30 April 2015. The data were analysed to determine demography, risk factors, underlying diseases, site of infection and outcome of these patients...
March 9, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275494/chronic-pulmonary-mucormycosis-an-emerging-fungal-infection-in-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan, Kauser Jabeen, Murtaza Mohammed Kazmi, Muhammad Usman Tariq
Mucormycosis commonly affects immunocompromised individuals with defects in neutrophil function or count. Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor due to impair innate and acquired immunity for mucormycosis, with rhino-orbital-cerebral involvement as a common presentation. Pulmonary mucormycosis (PM) although a rare presentation in diabetic patients but is associated with high mortality and morbidity. An early diagnosis of PM is difficult, due to rarity of the disease and clinical and radiological features resembling tuberculosis (TB) which is common in Pakistan...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265747/the-effect-of-allergic-rhinitis-with-positive-skin-prick-test-on-choroidal-thickness
#8
Alper Yenigun, Ahmet Elbay, Remzi Dogan, Orhan Ozturan, Mehmet Hakan Ozdemir
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disease that develops through immunoglobulin E in the rhino-ocular mucosa due to allergy. The main symptoms are runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and itchy nose. This study was designed to investigate the effect of allergic rhinitis on choroidal thickness. This study was planned as a case-control study. This study performed in a tertiary referral center. The study included 61 patients with allergic rhinitis and 35 healthy subjects. Patients in both groups underwent skin prick test...
March 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265376/slowly-progressive-invasive-rhino-orbito-cerebral-aspergillosis-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Giselle de Martin Truzzi, Henrique Furlan Pauna, Igor Moreira Hazboun, Igor Benedick Coimbra, Emerson Taro Inoue Sakuma, Icléia Siqueira Barreto, Carlos Takahiro Chone, Eulalia Sakano
This is a report of a patient with aspergillosis infection, which was thought to be a tumoral lesion during its investigation. This is not a common disease in Western countries, and this report should increase our awareness for differential diagnosis of nasal masses. Early diagnosis is desired in order to increase the survival rates.
March 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256045/two-cases-of-legg-perthes-and-intellectual-disability-in-tricho-rhino-phalangeal-syndrome-type-1-associated-with-novel-trps1-mutations
#10
Jordana L Gilman, Heather A Newman, Rebecca Freeman, Kathryn E Singh, Rebecca L Puckett, David K Morohashi, Constance Stein, Kathryn Palomino, Robert Roger Lebel, Virginia E Kimonis
Tricho-Rhino-Phalangeal syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by mutations in the TRPS1 gene. This malformation syndrome is characterized by distinctive craniofacial features including sparse scalp hair, bulbous tip of the nose, long flat philtrum, thin upper vermilion border, and protruding ears. Skeletal abnormalities include cone-shaped epiphyses at the phalanges, hip malformations, and short stature. In this report, we describe two patients with the physical manifestations and genotype of TRPS type I but with learning/intellectual disability not typically described as part of the syndrome...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239574/do-nasal-surgeries-affect-mucociliary-clearance
#11
Rajeshwary Aroor, Zainab Sunu Ali, K S Gangadhara Somayaji
The study was conducted to assess the impact of different nasal surgeries on the nasal mucociliary clearance mechanism. Mucociliary function of the nasal mucosa of patients who were undergoing various nasal surgeries was assessed by the Saccharin test by placing 5 mg saccharin granule on the anterior end of the inferior turbinate 1 day prior to the surgery. The time required for the test subject to experience a sweet taste was measured in minutes. Post-operatively the test was repeated 6 weeks after the surgery and the test times were compared...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226273/acute-respiratory-infections-among-returning-hajj-pilgrims-jordan-2014
#12
Mohammad Mousa Al-Abdallat, Brian Rha, Sultan Alqasrawi, Daniel C Payne, Ibrahim Iblan, Alison M Binder, Aktham Haddadin, Mohannad Al Nsour, Tarek Alsanouri, Jawad Mofleh, Brett Whitaker, Stephen L Lindstrom, Suxiang Tong, Sami Sheikh Ali, Rebecca Moritz Dahl, LaShondra Berman, Jing Zhang, Dean D Erdman, Susan I Gerber
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has prompted enhanced surveillance for respiratory infections among pilgrims returning from the Hajj, one of the largest annual mass gatherings in the world. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology and etiologies of respiratory illnesses among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj. STUDY DESIGN: Surveillance for respiratory illness among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj was conducted at sentinel health care facilities using epidemiologic surveys and molecular diagnostic testing of upper respiratory specimens for multiple respiratory pathogens, including MERS-CoV...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220379/pulmonary-mucormycosis-clinical-features-and-outcomes
#13
Erica Lin, Teng Moua, Andrew H Limper
PURPOSE: Mucormycosis encompasses a group of opportunistic fungal infections caused by Zygomycetes, order Mucorales. Mucormycosis can manifest as rhino-orbito-cerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, and disseminated infections. Pulmonary mucormycosis is the second most common presentation. This manuscript characterizes the demographics, clinical presentation, diagnostic procedures, radiologic findings, therapeutic interventions, and outcome in pulmonary mucormycosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 35 patients with pulmonary mucormycosis from 2000 to 2015...
February 20, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214352/gastro-oesophageal-reflux-in-patients-with-chronic-rhino-sinusitis-investigated-with-multichannel-impedance-ph-monitoring
#14
E J Katle, J G Hatlebakk, T Grimstad, J T Kvaløy, S K Steinsvåg
INTRODUCTION: The pathophysiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is unclear. It has been discussed for decades whether gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) may be a contributing factor for some patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the level of GOR in an unselected group of patients with CRS using multichannel impedance-pH monitoring. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CRS diagnosed using the EPOS2012 criteria, completed questionnaires on GOR symptoms and were offered 24-h multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH monitoring...
March 1, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181947/fiberoptic-guided-blue-rhino-dilator-assisted-dilation-of-postintubation-tracheal-stenosis-a-case-report-about-a-novel-technique
#15
Nishkarsh Gupta, Prasant Sahoo, Karan Madan, Sachidanand Jee Bharti
Posttracheostomy tracheal stenosis is a rare complication of prolonged tracheal intubation. Treatment modalities that may be used include surgical resection and anastomosis, endoscopic tracheal dilation, laser resection, and tracheal stenting. We describe a novel salvage modality for dilation of a symptomatic tracheal stenosis using a percutaneous tracheostomy dilator wherein rigid bronchoscopic dilation was not feasible and balloon tracheal dilation had failed.
March 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170027/snp-discovery-and-characterisation-in-white-rhino-ceratotherium-simum-with-application-to-parentage-assignment
#16
Christiaan Labuschagne, Desiré L Dalton, J Paul Grobler, Antoinette Kotzé
The white rhino is one of the great success stories of modern wildlife conservation, growing from as few as 50-100 animals in the 1880s, to approximately 20,000 white rhinoceros remaining today. However, illegal trade in conservational rhinoceros horns is adding constant pressure on remaining populations. Captive management of ex situ populations of endangered species using molecular methods can contribute to improving the management of the species. Here we compare for the first time the utility of 33 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and nine microsatellites (MS) in isolation and in combination for assigning parentage in captive White Rhinoceros...
February 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155285/parasites-of-domestic-and-wild-animals-in-south-africa-xlix-ticks-acari-ixodidae-infesting-white-and-black-rhinoceroses-in-southern-africa
#17
Ivan G Horak, Christiaan R Boshoff, David V Cooper, Christoper M Foggin, Danny Govender, Alan Harrison, Guy Hausler, Markus Hofmeyr, J Werner Kilian, Duncan N MacFadyen, Pierre J Nel, Dean Peinke, David Squarre, David Zimmermann
The objectives of the study were to determine the species composition of ticks infesting white and black rhinoceroses in southern Africa as well as the conservation status of those tick species that prefer rhinos as hosts. Ticks were collected opportunistically from rhinos that had been immobilised for management purposes, and 447 white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum) and 164 black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis) were sampled in South Africa, 61 black rhinos in Namibia, 18 white and 12 black rhinos in Zimbabwe, and 24 black rhinos in Zambia...
January 30, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149501/is-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-associated-with-asthma-or-chronic-rhino-sinusitis-in-european-adults-results-from-the-global-allergy-and-asthma-network-of-excellence-ga-2-len-survey
#18
Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, Rhonda Arthur, James F Potts, Peter H Howarth, Matti Ahlström, Tari Haahtela, Carlos Loureiro, Ana Todo Bom, Grzegorz Brożek, Joanna Makowska, Marek L Kowalski, Trine Thilsing, Thomas Keil, Paolo M Matricardi, Kjell Torén, Thibaut van Zele, Claus Bachert, Barbara Rymarczyk, Christer Janson, Bertil Forsberg, Ewa Niżankowska-Mogilnicka, Peter G J Burney
BACKGROUND: Fruits and vegetables are rich in compounds with proposed antioxidant, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties, which could contribute to reduce the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between asthma, and chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS) with intake of fruits and vegetables in European adults. METHODS: A stratified random sample was drawn from the Global Allergy and Asthma Network of Excellence (GA(2)LEN) screening survey, in which 55,000 adults aged 15-75 answered a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144057/respiratory-viruses-in-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Parvaiz A Koul, Hyder Mir, Shabir Akram, Varsha Potdar, Mandeep S Chadha
OBJECTIVE: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) cause significant morbidity, mortality, and an inexorable decline of lung function. Data from developed countries have shown viruses to be important causes of AECOPD, but data from developing countries like India are scant. We set out to determine the contribution of viruses in the causation of hospitalized patients with AECOPD. METHODS: Twin nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal swabs collected from 233 patients admitted with an acute AECOPD and tested for respiratory viruses including respiratory syncytial virus A and B, parainfluenza were (PIV) 1, 2, 3, and 4, human metapneumovirus (hMPV) A and B, influenza A and B, enterovirus, corona NL65, OC43, and 229E viruses, adenovirus 2 and 4, rhinovirus, and bocavirus, by duplex real time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) using CDC approved primers and probes...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126352/preclinical-evaluation-of-luffa-operculata-cogn-and-its-main-active-principle-in-the-treatment-of-bacterial-rhinosinusitis
#20
Leonardo Silva, Henrique Olival Costa, Flávia Coelho de Souza, Elaine Monteiro Cardoso Lopes, Suely Mitoi Ykko Ueda
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of rhinosinusitis is quite high. Despite the widespread use of antibiotics for rhinosinusitis, there are other forms of treatment, including phytotherapy. One of the most widely used herbal medicines for treatment of rhinosinusitis is Luffa operculata. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of topical nasal solution of the aqueous extract of L. operculata, determining the toxicity to its use and identifying the active principles presented in the aqueous extract...
December 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
8075
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"