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Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929219/3d-printing-for-clinical-application-in-otorhinolaryngology
#1
REVIEW
Nongping Zhong, Xia Zhao
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a promising technology that can use a patient's image data to create complex and personalized constructs precisely. It has made great progress over the past few decades and has been widely used in medicine including medical modeling, surgical planning, medical education and training, prosthesis and implants. Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is a powerful tool that has the potential to fabricate bioengineered constructs of the desired shape layer-by-layer using computer-aided deposition of living cells and biomaterials...
September 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925316/objective-assessment-of-technical-skills-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review
#2
Érika Mercier, Ségolène Chagnon-Monarque, François Lavigne, Tareck Ayad
Objectives The primary goal is the indexation of validated methods used to assess surgical competency in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) residents. Secondary goals include assessment of the reliability and validity of these tools, as well as the documentation of specific procedures in ORL-HNS involved. Data Sources MEDBASE, OVID, Medline, CINAHL, and EBM, as well as the printed references, available through the Université de Montréal library. Review Methods The PRISMA method was used to review digital and printed databases...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924860/facial-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-epstein-barr-virus-infection-of-the-middle-ear-in-pediatric-population-may-be-more-common-than-we-think
#3
Katarina Vogelnik, Aleš Matos
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve palsy is a rare complication of acute otitis media (AOM). The general understanding is that this complication has a bacterial cause although bacteria can be isolated from the middle ear only in approximately two-thirds of cases of AOM. Detection of viral agents from specimens obtained during myringotomy in patients with AOM suggests a possible role of viruses in the etiology of this disease. CASE PRESENTATIONS: We studied 5 otherwise healthy 17- to 27-month-old children who were referred to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery from December 2012 to January 2016 because of AOM and ipsilateral facial nerve palsy...
September 18, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920722/-comparative-evaluation-of-vertigo-in-patients-after-stapedotomy-and-stapedectomy
#4
Kinga Harmat, Gergely Thurén, László Simon, Nelli Nepp, Adrienn Németh, Imre Gerlinger, Péter Bakó
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The reason of gradually developing conductive hearing loss in otosclerotic patients is the ossification of the stapes footplate to the surrounding bony structures and the therapy of stapes fixation is mainly surgical. In stapedotomy the footplate of the stapes is fenestrated with laser and microdrill in a diameter of 0.8 mm, whereas in stapedectomy there is complete removal of the footplate followed by the reconstruction of the ossicular chain. In the early postoperative period, temporary vertigo is frequently recorded which significantly influences the recovery...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919279/data-sharing-to-serve-ethics-transparency-and-reproducibility-of-medical-science
#5
EDITORIAL
O Laccourreye, P Bonfils, R Garrel, R Jankowski, A Karkas, N Leboulanger, M Makeieff, C Righini, C Vincent, C Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910890/-clinical-analysis-of-orbital-complications-due-to-rhinosinusitis-in-28-cases
#6
N Li, L G Yu, M Chen, L Yang, Z R Qin, Y Jiang
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of orbital complications due to rhinosinusitis and to provide the basis for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Methods: Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 28 patients with orbital complications due to rhinosinusitis who were admitted into the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Department of Otorhinolaryngology from August 2009 to April 2017. In all 28 cases, there were 1 case with preseptal cellulites, 9 cases with orbital cellulites, 13 cases with subperiosteal orbital abscess and 5 cases with orbital abscess...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910889/-clinical-features-of-traumatic-optic-neuropathy-in-265-cases
#7
M Chen, Y Jiang, J F Wen, N Li, J Qiu, N K Zhang, J B Ju
Objective: To analyze the clinical features and the pathogenetic law of traumatic optic neuropathy through epidemiologic study. Methods: 265 cases (275 eyes) with TON treated in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from April 1999 to August 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Multiple Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate potential prognostic factors on visual acuity. Results: TON occured mostly in young (194/265, 73.21%) man (235/265, 88...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910888/-endoscopic-salvage-treatment-for-optic-neuropathy-caused-by-sinonasal-fibro-osseous-lesions
#8
J Deng, F H Chen, Y Y Lai, J B Shi
Objective: To summarize the surgical techniques, benefits and limitations of transnasal endoscopic resection and optic nerve decompression for patients with optic neuropathy caused by fibro-osseous lesions. Methods: Eight patients with optic neuropathy caused by fibro-osseous lesions who accepted endoscopic surgery of either resection of the lesion or decompression of optic nerve in Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from 2007 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and followed until April, 2017...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910887/-clinical-practice-of-transnasal-endoscopic-operation-for-retrobulbar-lesions
#9
X W Wu, H Zhang, W H Jiang, J Y Zhang, Z H Xie, Z Y Peng, H Sun
Objective: To summarize the skill and experience of transnasal endoscopic operation for retrobulbar lesions. Methods: Seven patients aged from 25 to 67 years old diagnosed as retrobulbar lesions who underwent transnasal endoscopic operation in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Xiangya Hospital between January 2013 and October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Two males and five females were included in this study. Five patients underwent transnasal endoscopic operation via media rectus-inferior rectus space, with the other 2 cases via media rectus-superior rectus space...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906175/iatrogenic-patient-injuries-in-otology-during-a-10-year-period-review-of-national-patient-insurance-charts
#10
Päivi Helmiö, Riitta Saarinen, Leena-Maija Aaltonen, Lasse Lehtonen, Karin Blomgren
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient injury characteristics and contributing factors in otology. METHODS: Data on the accepted patient-injury claims involving otorhinolaryngology (ORL), closed between 2001 and 2011, from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre registry was retrieved. We included all injuries concerning otology, with evaluation and classification of their causes and types. RESULTS: During the 10-year study period, a total of 44 claims were accepted as compensated patient injuries in otology...
September 14, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895708/-deep-neck-infections-report-of-three-pediatric-cases
#11
Roxana Spini, Elena Arias, Lucas Bordino, Daniela Cohen, Julián Michalski
Retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscesses are rare but associated with significant morbidity and potential mortality. In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of these infections, mainly due to a greater availability of computed tomography scan and a greater virulence of the germs (Group A b-hemolytic Streptococcus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). They predominate in children younger than 5 years. Treatment of retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscesses consists of an intravenous antibiotic and eventually surgical drainage...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894913/european-otorhinolaryngology-training-programs-results-of-a-european-survey-about-training-satisfaction-work-environment-and-conditions-in-six-countries
#12
N Oker, Naif H Alotaibi, A C Reichelt, P Herman, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, Andreas E Albers
ORL-students and residents have an ongoing debate about the "best" programme in Europe. Aim of this study was to comparatively assess differences among programmes in training, satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) of residents and recent otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) specialists in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, and Belgium. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire, structured in ten sections including general information, provided guidance, working environment, training structure, teaching of medical students, publication work, QoL, and satisfaction with training, were emailed to residents and recent ORL specialists...
September 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891598/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-benign-and-malignant-laryngeal-lesions-in-egyptian-patients-cross-sectional-study
#13
Peter Milad, Hany Kassamy, Anas Askoura, Soha Auelela, Ramy Salem, Dina Ragab
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of HPV in benign and malignant laryngeal lesions among Egyptian patients. DESIGN: Observational analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ain Shams University hospital, Otorhinolaryngology department. PARTICIPANTS: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of 126 patients (70 benign laryngeal lesions and 56 squamous cell carcinoma lesions) were assessed for the presence of HPV DNA using MY09/11 PCR-based DNA detection...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887879/orbital-floor-fracture-repair-the-endonasal-approach
#14
T Kuhnel, H Jagle, W Hosemann, R Weber, V Vielsmeier
To avoid the dangers associated with lower eyelid approaches to the orbital floor and to improve visualization, we propose an endoscopic procedure for orbital floor fracture reduction and osteosynthesis using endonasal access via the medial maxillary sinus wall. The technique of endoscopic, endonasal transantral surgery is described, together with a retrospective analysis of 17 patients who had undergone this surgical procedure in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Regensburg, between July 2013 and June 2016...
September 9, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866793/accuracy-of-preoperative-mri-to-assess-lateral-neck-metastases-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#15
Suvi Renkonen, Riikka Lindén, Leif Bäck, Robert Silén, Hanna Mäenpää, Laura Tapiovaara, Katri Aro
Primary treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with lateral lymph node metastasis is surgery, but the extent of lateral neck dissection remains undefined. Preoperative imaging is used to guide the extent of surgery, although its sensitivity and specificity for defining the number and level of affected lymph nodes on the lateral neck is relatively modest. Our aim was to assess the role of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting the requisite levels of neck dissection in patients with regionally metastatic PTC, with a focus on Levels II and V...
September 2, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865046/prospective-experience-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tubes-placed-by-otorhinolaryngologist-head-and-neck-surgeons-%C3%A2-safe-and-efficacious
#16
Johanna Ruohoalho, Katri Aro, Antti A Mäkitie, Timo Atula, Aaro Haapaniemi, Harri Keski-Säntti, Leena Kylänpää, Annika Takala, Leif J Bäck
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is often the treatment of choice in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients needing long-term nutritional support. Prospective studies on PEG tube placement in an otorhinolaryngologist service are lacking. At our hospital, otolaryngologist-head and neck (ORL-HN) surgeons-have performed PEG insertions for HNC patients since 2008. We prospectively analyzed 127 consecutive HNC patients who received their PEG tubes at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery, and evaluated the outcome of PEG tube insertions performed by ORL-HN surgeons...
September 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862010/-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-in-children-and-adults-from-the-aspect-of-the-otorhinolaryngology
#17
Jaroslav Kraus, Tereza Haasová
Sleep medicine is multidisciplinary branch with significant role of the otorhinolaryngologist especially in the area of sleep related breathing disorders. Snoring and sleep apnea are topics that have recently become more popular in lay as well as in professionals. The authors present a basic overview of pathophysiology, correct diagnosis and therapy in adult and pediatric patients. Although the awareness of sleep medicine improves, we still encounter incorrect procedures that can harm the patient. The physician who deals with sleep disturbances should have at least basic education in somnology...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861590/-botulinum-toxin-in-otorhinolaryngology-an-update
#18
R Laskawi, A Olthoff
During recent decades, the clinical use of botulinum toxin has become increasingly well established. In the field of otorhinolaryngology there are many indications for which botulinum toxin can improve patients' quality of life. These include applications in the region of the head and neck muscles and the autonomic nervous system in patients suffering from movement disorders of special muscles and secretory disorders (salivary, lacrimal, and sweat glands). The present article presents an overview of well-established and new indications for application of botulinum toxin in the head and neck region...
August 31, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859992/survey-on-the-knowledge-of-cochlear-implant-indication-in-the-treatment-of-hearing-loss-in-spain
#19
Manuel Manrique, Ángel Ramos, Beatriz Pradel, Carlos Cenjor, Diego Calavia, Constantino Morera
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to analyse the knowledge of cochlear implant (CI) candidacy criteria of otorhinolaryngology specialists in Spain, and from the results, consider whether it is necessary to implement training measures aimed at improving knowledge in this area. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed for measuring the level of knowledge of cochlear implant candidacy criteria (CI) in people with hearing loss. The questionnaire collected the demographic data of the respondents and their knowledge on the conventional and emergency indications for CI, technical characteristics of CI and results in the implanted population...
August 28, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854062/the-potential-etiologic-factors-influencing-tinnitus-intensity-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#20
Nermin Demirkol, Mehmet Demirkol, Aslihan Usumez, Fatih Sari, Cihan Akcaboy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential relationships between the intensity of tinnitus associated with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and potential etiologic factors, including age, gender, freeway space, sleep bruxism (SB), joint clicking, and headache. METHODS: The sample was comprised of 90 patients without any hearing loss, as confirmed by otorhinolaryngology, who self-reported subjective tinnitus and simultaneous TMD, based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD)...
August 30, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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