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Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783264/the-use-of-immunohistochemical-methods-in-the-study-of-morphofunctional-features-of-the-human-paranasal-sinuses-literature-review
#1
Mykhailo M Koptev, Nataliia I Vynnyk, Oksana V Kokovska, Olena М Pronina, Serhii М Bilash
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:Chronic inflammatory diseases of the mucous membrane of the nose, paranasal sinuses, and pharynx are the most widespread pathology of the upper airways. The thorough study of the features of the organization of local immune protection of the mucous membrane of the paranasal sinuses is crucial for the deep understanding of the causes of the onset and development of this and other pathologies of the paranasal sinuses, the choice of methods of diagnostics and treatment...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776322/book-review-basic-otorhinolaryngology-a-step-by-step-learning-guide-probst-rudolf-grevers-gerhard-iro-heinrich-basic-otorhinolaryngology-a-step-by-step-learning-guide-2nd-ed-new-york-ny-thieme-2017-paperback-softback-illustrated-430-pages-99-99
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775032/-research-advance-of-microrna-in-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#3
REVIEW
Y Ye, Q Luo, J Q Yu, J Zhang
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery, manifested as nasal-sinus mucosal chronic inflammation. However, the pathogenesis of CRS is not clear. There are studies found that microRNA (miRNA) involved in CRS gene regulation. In this review, we summarize the expression of miRNAs in CRS, with the in-depth study of the role of miRNAs in CRS, and will further elucidate the pathogenesis of CRS.
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773125/regional-overview-of-specific-populations-workforce-considerations-training-and-diseases-in-latin-america
#4
REVIEW
Jose Pablo Stolovitzky, Jacqueline Alvarado
Latin America has significant disparities that make the region vulnerable in the delivery of health care. There is a need to plan comprehensive health care strategies that result in a more robust trained health care workforce, while improving the quality and efficiencies of tertiary public hospitals. This article introduces a survey conducted among otorhinolaryngology leaders in the region that identified the need to strengthen postgraduate programs. Although all countries in Latin America have at least one residency program, more otorhinolaryngology-trained specialists are necessary to address the workforce shortages that are present in about 50% of Latin American countries...
June 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764740/are-computed-tomography-3d-measurements-of-the-upper-airways-in-mouth-breathing-children-in-agreement-with-the-ent-clinical-diagnosis-of-obstruction
#5
Bruno César Ladeira Vidigal, Carolina Morsani Mordente, Paula Loureiro Cheib, Flávio Ricardo Manzi, Letícia Paiva Franco, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Bernardo Quiroga Souki
INTRODUCTION: Imaging studies have hystorically been used to support the clinical otorhinolaryngological evaluation of the upper respiratory tract for the diagnosis of obstructive causes of oral breathing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare 3D volumetric measurements of nasal cavity, nasopharynx and oropharynx of obstructed mouth-breathing children with measurements of non-obstructed mouth-breathing children. METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 mouth-breathing children aged 5-9 years evaluated by otorhinolaryngological clinical examination, flexible nasoendoscopy and full-head multi-slice computed tomography...
March 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764013/-experts-consensus-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tracheobronchial-foreign-bodies-in-children
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758573/-assessment-of-coding-in-german-diagnosis-related-groups-system-in-otorhinolaryngology
#7
Maik Ellies, Berit Anders, Wolfgang Seger
BACKGROUND: Prospective analysis of assessment reports in otorhinolaryngology for the period 01-03-2011 to 31-03-2017 by the Health Advisory Boards in Lower Saxony and Bremen, Germany in relation to coding in the G-DRG-System. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The assessment reports were documented using a standardized database system developed on the basis of the electronic data exchange (DTA) by the Health Advisory Board in Lower Saxony. In addition, the documentation of the assessment reports according to the G-DRG system was used for assessment...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756544/influence-of-malnutrition-on-the-development-of-the-central-nervous-system-of-malnourished-children
#8
Rosimar Costa Penido, Myriam Lima Isaac, Alexandre Batista Penido
INTRODUCTION: Protein-caloric malnutrition is a public health concern in certain areas of the Brazil. It can affect growth, the auditory nervous system development and, consequently, the cognition. This study compared the Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAEP) between malnourished and eutrophic children. METHODS: A total of 111 children, aged 0-60 months, were examined: 57 were malnourished, according to the World Health Organization criteria, and 54 were normo-nourished...
May 14, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755895/role-of-thermography-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-sinusitis
#9
Raja Kalaiarasi, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Ramalingam Archana, Ramakrishnan Venkataramanan, Ranganathan Chidambaram, Sadhanandham Shrinuvasan, Ravi Prabhu
Introduction Thermography is a form of radiography that images the skin surface temperature. Thermograms are pictorial representations of thermal maps of the entire body's outer surface. Thermography was applied as an attempt to evaluate its usefulness in the diagnosis of chronic sinusitis (CS). Hence, this study was done to determine the diagnostic value of thermography for patients suffering from CS. Methodology Patients attending the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery over a two years' duration with symptoms suggestive of CS were included in this diagnostic evaluation study...
March 10, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753446/assessment-and-management-of-preoperative-anxiety
#10
Isabel Tulloch, John S Rubin
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety has the potential to alter the dynamics of an elective procedure and has been shown to detrimentally affect patients both cognitively and physiologically. If mismanaged, it can lead to essential procedures being postponed or canceled, delay postoperative recovery, and increase patients' requirements for medical intervention postoperatively. These outcomes have harmful implications both clinically and economically. Our primary objective was to evaluate the levels of anxiety patients experience immediately before elective otorhinolaryngologic procedures...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748450/concurrent-eng-and-vng-recording-in-healthy-people-preliminary-report
#11
Marzena Bielińska, Anna Polaczkiewicz, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Jarosław Miłoński, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate concurrent recording of ENG and VNG measurements in selected diagnostic tests in healthy subjects so as to explore potential sensitivity and applicability of this kind of testing in the diagnostics of vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in 50 healthy subjects including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-22 (mean age of 20.5 years) reporting no otorhinolaryngological organ-related complaints and no history of any balance disorders or vertigo...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747248/-experience-of-successful-rescue-from-5-cases-of-internal-carotid-artery-injury-during-transnasal-endoscopic-skull-base-surgery
#12
F Yin, J W Sun, Y F Wang, T Guo, W Zhao
Objective: To investigate the cause and urgent management of internal carotid artery injury during transnasal endoscopic skull base surgery. Methods: Five cases of internal carotid artery injury encountered during transnasal endoscopic skull base surgery in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science of Technology of China, Anhui Provincial Hospital from December 2010 to July 2017 were analysed retrospectively. There were 2 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, 1 case of salivary gland-type adenocarcinoma, 1 case of petrous apex cholesterol granulomas and 1 case of squamous carcinoma...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734459/-application-of-vacuum-wound-therapy-with-split-thickness-skin-grafts-in-the-head-and-neck-area
#13
Julia Thierauf, Paul Severin Wiggenhauser, Thomas Karl Hoffmann, Jens Greve, Marc Scheithauer, Johannes Adrian Veit
OBJECTIVE: In vacuum wound therapy (VAC) a negative pressure can continuously clean effusions and enhance the formation of granulation tissue significantly. In visceral, trauma and burns surgery this technique is used frequently in critical wounds. In the head and neck area there is limited experience and publications. Especially in the combined use of split-thickness-skin grafts (STSG) and VAC there is no published evidence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective database analysis was done and resulted in 36 single VAC therapies in 13 patients...
May 7, 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730952/the-effect-of-distributed-virtual-reality-simulation-training-on-cognitive-load-during-subsequent-dissection-training
#14
Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen, Lars Konge, Mads Sølvsten Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Complex tasks such as surgical procedures can induce excessive cognitive load (CL), which can have a negative effect on learning, especially for novices. AIM: To investigate if repeated and distributed virtual reality (VR) simulation practice induces a lower CL and higher performance in subsequent cadaveric dissection training. METHODS: In a prospective, controlled cohort study, 37 residents in otorhinolaryngology received VR simulation training either as additional distributed practice prior to course participation (intervention) (9 participants) or as standard practice during the course (control) (28 participants)...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730042/clinical-and-polysomnographic-predictors-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#15
Fábio Azevedo Caparroz, Milena de Almeida Torres Campanholo, Caroline Gomez Regina, Sung Woo Park, Leonardo Haddad, Luís Carlos Gregório, Fernanda Louise Martinho Haddad
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and laryngopharyngeal reflux are diseases with a high prevalence in the overall population; however, it remains unclear whether they are diseases with the same risk factors present in the same populations or if there is any association between them. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and determine the prevalence of laryngopharyngeal reflux in patients with moderate and severe obstructive apnea syndrome and also to determine its predictive factors...
April 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729160/-dynamics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-antibiotic-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-in-vitro-in-patients-with-overweight
#16
Tetiana V Dukhovich, Ivan V Chopei, Kseniya I Chubirko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:S. aureus is the main pathogen of skin, soft tissue and otorhinolaryngological infections as well as the cause of osteomyelitis, meningitis and endocarditis. In recent years the importance of S. aureus mediated infections has grown not only because of their widespread, but also due to their antibiotic resistance. Recent observations showed that the resistance is developed to each new antibacterial agent after 5 years of its intensive use. Based on the studies conducted in Ukraine, it is known that the resistance of S...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725537/association-of-laryngeal-cancer-with-vocal-cord-leukoplakia-and-associated-risk-factors-in-1-184-patients-diagnosed-in-otorhinolaryngology-practices-in-germany
#17
Karel Kostev, Louis E C Jacob, Matthias Kalder, Andreas M Sesterhenn, David Ulrich Seidel
The aim of the present study was to analyze the association between laryngeal cancer and vocal cord leukoplakia in a large nationwide practice database. The study sample included 1,184 patients aged 18-90 years from 113 otorhinolaryngology practices in Germany who were diagnosed with vocal cord leukoplakia between 2007 and 2014. The rates of laryngeal cancer diagnosis within 5 years and the associated risk factors were analyzed. Within 6 months of initial diagnosis of vocal cord leukoplakia, 11% of the patients were diagnosed with laryngeal cancer...
May 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719129/adult-acute-rhinosinusitis-guidelines-worldwide-similarities-and-disparities
#18
Ofer Gluck, Tal Marom, Shay Shemesh, Sharon Ovnat Tamir
BACKGROUND: Acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) is a common respiratory infection that poses a major public healthcare burden with respect to antibiotic consumption and related morbidity. Position statements and national ARS guidelines have been published worldwide, aiming to define diagnostic criteria and outline treatment options. Our objective was to analyze the similarities and disparities between such guidelines. METHODS: We conducted an electronic database search for ARS guidelines using relevant keywords between January 1, 1989, through December 31, 2017...
May 2, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716720/clinical-experience-with-patients-with-spasmodic-dysphonia-and-primary-meige-syndrome
#19
María Fernanda Pedrero-Escalas, Isabel García-López, Susana Santiago-Pérez, Francisco Vivancos, Javier Gavilán
INTRODUCTION: Meige syndrome (MS) is part of the group of segmental cranial dystonias, which affect more than two cranial muscle groups. Specifically, blepharospasm is associated with another cranial dystonia (oromandibular, cervical or laryngeal). The aim of this paper was to report our experience in patients with spasmodic dysphonia (SD) associated with primary MS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study involving 8 patients between May 2010 and June 2015...
April 28, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707667/identification-of-fungal-causative-agents-of-rhinosinusitis-from-mashhad-iran
#20
Mohammad J Najafzadeh, Karim Jalaeian Samani, Jos Houbraken, Majid Alizadeh, Abdolmajid Fata, Ali Naseri, Hossein Zarrinfar, Mehdi Bakhshaee
Background and Purpose: Rhinosinusitis is a common disorder, influencing approximately 20% of the population at some time of their lives. It was recognized and reported with expanding recurrence over the past two decades worldwide. Undoubtedly, correct diagnosis of fungi in patients with fungal rhinosinusitis affects the treatment planning and prognosis of the patients. Identification of the causative agents using the standard mycological procedures remains difficult and time-consuming...
September 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
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