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Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546705/sinonasal-mass-a-recent-study-of-its-clinicopathological-profile
#1
P Agarwal, R Panigrahi
A variety of non-neoplastic and neoplastic conditions involving the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses (PNS), and nasopharynx are commonly encountered in clinical practice. The objectives of the study were to identify various pathological conditions that present with sinus or nasal mass, to understand their varied clinical behavior, to know the distribution of various lesions among the different age and sex groups, and to study the management of sinonasal masses and its outcome on follow-up. A prospective study was carried out from September 2013 to August 2015, in the Otorhinolaryngology Department of Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541242/diagnostic-evaluation-of-neck-torsion-test-in-objective-examination-in-patients-with-vertigo-and-or-hearing-impairment
#2
Piotr Niewiadomski, Marzena Bielińska, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: HASH(0x468d850) INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the neck torsion test in objective examinations of patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 100 patients, including 54 women and 46 men aged 17-79 years, who were divided into two groups: I - 50 patients, including 30 women and 20 men aged 17-79 years (mean age 49.92 years) with dizziness and/or hearing impairments, and confirmed asymmetry of intracranial vessels, II - 50 patients - control group, including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-71 years without dizziness and/or hearing disorders and without disturbance in the construction of intracranial vessels...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516972/sialendoscopy-for-salivary-stones-principles-technical-skills-and-therapeutic-experience
#3
F Carta, P Farneti, S Cantore, G Macrì, N Chuchueva, L Cuffaro, E Pasquini, R Puxeddu
Obstructive sialadenitis is the most common non-neoplastic disease of the salivary glands, and sialendoscopy is increasingly used in both diagnosis and treatment, associated in selected cases with endoscopic laser lithotripsy. Sialendoscopy is also used for combined minimally invasive external and endoscopic approaches in patients with larger and proximal stones that would require excessively long laser procedures. The present paper reports on the technical experience from the Ear, Nose and Throat Unit of the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital of Bologna, and from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the University Hospital of Cagliari, Italy, including the retrospective analysis of the endoscopic and endoscopic assisted procedures performed on 48 patients (26 females and 22 males; median age 45...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513521/otorhinolaryngological-emergencies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-port-harcourt
#4
U M Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Emergencies are not uncommon in a typical otorhinolaryngological (ORL) clinic. The knowledge of the profile and prevalence of these emergencies will go a long way in helping to equip as well as aid proper and prompt management of these conditions so as to reduce their morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective 8 years review of all patients that presented to the ENT Surgery Department from January 2004 to December 2012...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513412/-multidisciplinary-approach-of-facial-injuries
#5
L Dubois, R Schreurs, O Lapid, P Saeed, G F Adriaensen, F M Hoefnagels, V M de Jong
BACKGROUND: Approximately one quarter of polytrauma patients has facial injuries, which usually lead to loss of form and function. Several specialties are involved in the acute and reconstructive phases of facial injuries, such as oral and maxillofacial surgery, otorhinolaryngology, plastic surgery, ophthalmology and dentistry. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man with severe facial injuries was brought to the shock room after sustaining high-energy trauma. He had a panfacial fracture that required reconstruction...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504187/transoral-oropharyngeal-resection-classification-proposal-of-the-scorl-working-group
#6
David Virós Porcuna, Francisco Avilés Jurado, Carlos Pollán Guisasola, Rosa Delia Ramírez Ruiz, Jacinto García Lorenzo, Marc Tobed Secall, Isabel Vilaseca González, José Miguel Costa González, Josep Soteras Olle, Francesc Casamitjana Claramunt, Anna Sumarroca Trouboul, Rafael Hijano Esqué, Guillem Viscasillas Pallàs, Manel Mañós Pujol, Miquel Quer Agustí
INTRODUCTION AND GOALS: There has been a very significant increase in the use of minimally invasive surgery has in the last decade. In order to provide a common language after transoral surgery of the oropharynx, a system for classifying resections has been created in this area, regardless of the instrumentation used. METHODS: From the Oncology Working Group of the Catalan Society of Otorhinolaryngology, a proposal for classification based on a topographical division of the different areas of the oropharynx is presented, as also based on the invasion of the related structures according to the anatomical routes of extension of these tumours...
May 11, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496347/hearing-thresholds-in-adult-nigerians-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-control-study
#7
Jones Ndubuisi Nwosu, Ethel Nkechi Chime
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, types and severity of hearing loss and associated factors in a hospital population of adult Nigerians with diabetes mellitus. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective hospital-based study conducted at the Otorhinolaryngology and Diabetic Clinics of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, for a period of 12 months. Consecutively presenting eligible adult diabetics and their age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493047/effects-of-cpap-in-patients-with-obstructive-apnoea-is-the-presence-of-allergic-rhinitis-relevant
#8
A Cisternas, F Aguilar, J M Montserrat, M Àvila, M Torres, A Iranzo, J Berenguer, I Vilaseca
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to compare the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the nasal cavities of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and with or without allergic rhinitis (AR/nonAR). METHODS: This paper is a prospective, longitudinal study. Thirty-four consecutive CPAP treatment-adherent patients with OSA (17 AR and 17 nonAR) were evaluated before and 2 months after treatment, by means of clinical (otorhinolaryngological symptoms, daytime sleepiness, overall and rhinoconjunctivitis-specific quality of life), anatomical (otorhinolaryngological examination), functional (auditory function, tubal function, nasal airflow, and mucociliary clearance), and biological variables (nasal cytology)...
May 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491218/bacterial-agents-of-the-discharging-middle-ear-among-children-seen-at-the-university-of-nigeria-teaching-hospital-enugu
#9
Gideon Chukwudalu Ilechukwu, Chioma Azuka Ilechukwu, Agozie Chukwunedum Ubesie, Ijeoma Okoroafor, Basil Chukwuemeka Ezeanolue, Ngozi Chinyelu Ojinnaka
INTRODUCTION: Discharging middle ear continues to be one of the commonest problems seen in the developing world. There is an ever growing need to carry out studies periodically to determine the common bacterial agents responsible for discharging otitis media and their antibiotic sensitivity especially in set-ups characterized with minimal laboratory services. The study sought to determine the common bacterial agents causing discharging middle ear among children presenting at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu and their sensitivity to the commonly available antibiotics...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474294/influence-of-deviated-nasal-septum-on-nasal-epithelium-an-analysis
#10
Lakshit Kumar, Basavaraj P Belaldavar, Hema Bannur
Nasal obstruction is one of the most common complaint that ENT surgeon faces in his day to day practice. Deviated nasal septum is the most common cause for the nasal obstruction. It causes altered airflow dynamics which leads to various histopathological changes in nasal mucosa.Histopathological changes like lymphocytic infiltration and squamous metaplasia were studied and comparison was done between convex and concave side. A prospective randomized study conducted on 42 patients of deviated nasal septum from January 2015 to December 2015 selected from inpatient department of Otorhinolaryngology, KLES Dr...
May 4, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471342/the-future-of-british-otorhinolaryngology-is-in-safe-hands
#11
Musheer Hussain, Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469122/pediatric-otorhinolaryngology-emergencies-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital-study-of-frequency-management-and-outcomes
#12
Adeyi A Adoga, Emoche T Okwori, John P Yaro, Andrew A Iduh
BACKGROUND: Studies from Nigeria on pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) emergencies are rare in literature with most focusing on emergencies involving individual systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of all ORL emergencies among children in our region to provide a baseline data for future health planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a 1-year retrospective cross-sectional study of patients aged 16 years and below presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466105/-headache-in-the-emergency-department
#13
REVIEW
C J Schankin, A Straube, C L Bassetti, U Fischer
Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms leading to visits at the emergency department. Here, we aim at presenting a pragmatic algorithm for headache patients at the emergency department. The basic principle is taking a detailed history of the current headache with a focus on dynamics, phenotype and trigger factors as well as a possible preexisting headache. "Red flags" should be interrogated specifically. Hypotheses of the etiology of the headache should be generated in combination with the clinical examination (vital signs, neurological exam, otorhinolaryngological and ophthalmological exams) and should be tested appropriately with imaging, laboratory, cerebral spinal fluid studies and ultrasound...
May 2, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463440/patient-injuries-in-operative-rhinology-during-a-ten-year-period-review-of-national-patient-insurance-charts
#14
K Blomgren, L-M Aaltonen, L Lehtonen, P Helmiö
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors contributing to patient injuries in operative rhinology. DESIGN: Data of the accepted patient injury claims involving operative rhinology, between the years 2001 and 2011, were obtained from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre registry. Two senior otolaryngologists analysed and evaluated the injury mechanisms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Analysis and classification of factors contributing to patient injuries. RESULTS: During the ten-year study period, there were 67 patient injuries in operative rhinology, comprising 36% of all patient injuries in otorhinolaryngologic surgery...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451715/-imaging-in-otorhinolaryngology
#15
EDITORIAL
F Bootz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449551/a-survey-of-korean-physicians-prescription-patterns-for-allergic-rhinitis
#16
Min Young Seo, Dong-Kyu Kim, Hye Mi Jee, Young Min Ahn, Yong Min Kim, Sang Duk Hong
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the prescription patterns according to characteristics of physicians using a survey distributed amongst physicians in Korea. Methods: We surveyed the prescription patterns for allergic rhinitis (AR) of the members of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI) and the Korean Association of Otorhinolaryngologists (KAO). Questionnaire contained 4 categories with 28 queries. 448 physicians including 98 internal medicine (IM), 113 pediatrics (PED), and 237 otorhinolaryngology (ENT) were responded...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444458/the-potential-of-ehealth-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-patients-perspectives
#17
Martin Holderried, C Ernst, F Holderried, M Rieger, G Blumenstock, A Tropitzsch
The use of modern information and communication technologies (ICT) in daily life has significantly increased during the last several years. These essential online technologies have also found their way into the healthcare system. The use of modern ICT for health reasons can be summarized by the term 'eHealth'. Despite the potential importance of eHealth in the field of otorhinolaryngology (ORL), there is little understanding of patients' attitudes towards the deeper integration of these technologies into intersectoral care...
April 25, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444038/difficulties-in-accessing-services-that-are-of-medium-complexity-in-small-municipalities-a-case-study
#18
Camila Ribeiro Silva, Brigida Gimenez Carvalho, Luiz Cordoni, Elisabete de Fátima Pólo de Almeida Nunes
The study aimed to describe the specialized health services and to identify areas of greater difficulty of access to specialized consultations offered by SUS in small cities in the 18th Regional Health Area of Paraná State, Brazil, using case study methodology. The data were collected between January and April 2015. Managers, management teams and the board of directors of the CIS (Consórcio Intermunicipal de Saúde) were interviewed. The 21 studied specialist areas were rated like Sufficient Quota, Insufficient Quota, Inexistent Supply, and Assistance Gap...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441807/-the-change-of-female-progesterone-level-and-blood-calcium-concentration-in-perimenopausal-women-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#19
S F Wang, L Zhang, G H Li, W W Zhang, Y P Wang, B Geng
Objective: The estrogen level and blood calcium concentration changes were studied on menopausal women with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: Between January 2015 and January 2016, 70 menopause women with BPPV in outpatient clinics of Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Inner Mongolia Medical University Affiliated Hospital were included in this study as research group, while 30 menopause healthy women who came to hospital for check-up were included as control group. Serum levels of estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), progesterone (PRO), testosterone (T), serum prolactin (PRL) and the calcium concentration were analysed and comparied between research group and control group...
April 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441806/-possible-reasons-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-gusher-in-cochlear-implantation-with-inner-ear-abnormality
#20
S P Sun, W Lu, X M Men, B Zuo, Y B Lei
Objective: To discuss the possible reasons for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) gusher in cochlear implantation (CI) with inner ear abnormality. Method: A retrospective analysis was performed on 340 cases who underwent CI from January 2013 to December 2016 in Division of Otology, Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Among them, 96 cases had inner ear abnormalities. Imaging examinations were performed on these patients, and classification of inner ear malformation was done according to the results...
April 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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