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Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214913/assessment-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-herbal-medicinal-product-bno-1016-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#1
J Palm, I Steiner, D Abramov-Sommariva, A Ammendola, S Mitzenheim, H Steindl, M Wonnemann, C Bachert
BACKGROUND: The objective of this clinical trial (CRS-02) was to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of two dosages of the herbal medicinal product BNO 1016 (Sinupret extract) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODOLOGY: 929 patients suffering from CRS were enrolled in this randomised placebo-controlled trial with a treatment period of 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was the mean Major Symptom Score (MSS) in week 8 and week 12 compared to placebo...
February 19, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177335/cochlear-implantation-in-post-lingually-deafened-adults-and-elderly-patients-analysis-of-audiometric-and-speech-perception-outcomes-during-the-first-year-of-use
#2
S Ghiselli, S Nedic, S Montino, L Astolfi, R Bovo
The aim of this study was to analyse audiometric and speech perception outcomes after cochlear implantation (CI) in adult and elderly patients in the first year post-CI activation. We evaluated 42 subjects who underwent CI at the Otorhinolaryngological Clinic of Padua Hospital. The subjects enrolled were post-lingually deafened patients who were unilaterally implanted for bilateral, severe-to-profound hearing loss. The overall sample was divided into three groups according to the age at the time of implantation: group A (35-49 years), group B (50-64 years) and group C (≥ 65 years)...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166999/unresolved-drooling-in-a-previously-healthy-child-caused-by-a-brainstem-malignancy
#3
Fenella Shelton, Eleanor Sproson, Jana Van der Veen, Hazel Evans, Andrea Burgess, Hasnaa Ismail-Koch
Drooling occurs commonly in children below the age of two. In a small group of children this persists and an otorhinolaryngology consultation is sought. In children with no neurological abnormality or comorbidity, reassurance and behavioural management is often suggested. We present a case where drooling was the presenting feature of brain stem malignancy. Diagnosis was suggested following a sleep study demonstrating central apnoeas. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an intra-axial brainstem tumour. This case highlights the importance of multidisciplinary team (MDT) management of children with persistent drooling of unknown cause...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160886/the-history-of-otorhinolaryngology-at-mayo-clinic
#4
Matthew L Carlson, Kerry D Olsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148278/the-pathway-to-rcts-how-many-roads-are-there-examining-the-homogeneity-of-rct-justification
#5
Jeffrey Tin Yu Chow, Kevin Lam, Abdul Naeem, Zarique Z Akanda, Francie Fengqin Si, William Hodge
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) form the foundational background of modern medical practice. They are considered the highest quality of evidence, and their results help inform decisions concerning drug development and use, preventive therapies, and screening programs. However, the inputs that justify an RCT to be conducted have not been studied. METHODS: We reviewed the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases across six specialties (Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology (ENT), General Surgery, Psychiatry, Obstetrics-Gynecology (OB-GYN), and Internal Medicine) and randomly chose 25 RCTs from each specialty except for Otorhinolaryngology (20 studies) and Internal Medicine (28 studies)...
February 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114954/endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-polypess-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Evelijn S Lourijsen, Corianne A J M de Borgie, Marleen Vleming, Wytske J Fokkens
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is a chronic disease frequently seen in otorhinolaryngological practice. Along with its chronic disease burden it creates high societal costs. Therapy consists of long-term use of medication and, if insufficient, endoscopic sinus surgery. No consensus exists on the right timing and extent of disease that warrants surgery. Furthermore, there is lack of clinical knowledge about the benefit of surgery over medication only. The current trial evaluates the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic sinus surgery in addition to drug treatment versus medication exclusively in the adult patient group with nasal polyps...
January 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109489/impact-of-environmental-volatile-organic-compounds-on-otitis-media-in-children-correlation-between-exposure-and-urinary-metabolites
#7
So Young Kim, Bu-Soon Son, Hee-Jin Park, Seung Ha Oh, Jun Ho Lee, Myung-Hwan Suh, Moo Kyun Park
INTRODUCTION: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) induce inflammatory responses. Tobacco smoke contains numerous VOCs and is a risk factor for otitis media effusion (OME); however, no previous studies have investigated the association between VOCs and OME. OBJECTIVES: We used urinary metabolites and exposure to environmental risk factors to investigate the association between VOC and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure and recurrent OME in children. METHODS: Children with recurrent OME who visited the Otorhinolaryngology Department of Seoul National University Hospital between November 2014 and June 2015 were prospectively enrolled in the study...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109483/otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-in-a-low-income-country-the-haitian-experience
#8
Maxwell P Kligerman, Anahuma Alexandre, Patrick Jean-Gilles, David Walmer, Mack L Cheney, Anna H Messner
OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric surgical conditions of the head and neck in low-income countries. Haiti, the western hemisphere's poorest country, recently developed its first Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) department at the Hopital de L'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH). This manuscript assesses the caseload at HUEH with a special emphasis on pediatric cases, with the aim of characterizing ORL related conditions and their treatments in low-income countries...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104013/-correlation-between-the-visiting-rate-of-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-and-airborne-pollen-concentrations-in-beijing-in-recent-3-years
#9
W N Hu, L Zhu, L F Xie, F Z Zhang, M Y Bai, N Wang, Z W Sun
Objective: To evaluate the daily airborne pollen concentrations and visiting rate of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and their correlation during 2012-2014 in Beijing. Methods: Daily airborne pollen concentrations (55 998 numbers in total and 549 numbers in average) and its constitution from April to September each year (2012 to 2014) were compared. The number of patients with AR (44 203 in total) who visited the outpatient department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital between January 2012 and December 2014 was analyzed by month...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104011/-expert-consensus-on-surgery-and-comprehensive-treatment-of-hypopharyngeal-carcinoma
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100383/-hiv-antibody-detection-results-in-patients-seeking-medical-care-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital-2003-2014
#11
X J Song, Z F Qiu, W Cao, J Xie, Z J Zhang, S X Xu, T S Li
Objective: To better understand the infection status of HIV in the patients seeking medical care in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Methods: The HIV detection data of the patients in the hospital from 2003-2014 were collected for a statistical analysis with software SPSS 19.0. Results: A total of 715 421 patients were screened, and 1 012 (0.14%) patients were HIV positive, and HIV infection were confirmed in 776 (0.11%) patients by Western Blot testing. The detection rate of HIV infection increased from 0...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099982/-e-learning-in-ent-usage-in-university-medical-centers-in-germany
#12
Peter Freiherr von Saß, Thomas Klenzner, Kathrin Scheckenbach, Adam Chaker
E-learning is an essential part of innovative medical teaching concepts. The challenging anatomy and physiology in ENT is considered particularly suitable for self-assessed and adaptive e-learning. Usage and data on daily experience with e-learning in German ENT-university hospitals are currently unavailable and the degree of implementation of blended learning including feed-back from medical students are currently not known. We investigated the current need and usage of e-learning in academic ENT medical centers in Germany...
January 18, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096867/nasal-nosocomial-myiasis-infection-caused-by-chrysomya-bezziana-diptera-calliphoridae-following-the-septicemia-a-case-report
#13
Seyed Farzin Mircheraghi, Seyed Farzam Mircheraghi, Hamed Ramezani Awal Riabi, Arezoo Parsapour
A 74 yr old woman from Gonabad, southern part of Khorasan Razavi Province of Iran was admitted to a Hospital of Gonabad, because of respiratory distress, exertional dyspnea and fever. Close contact with domestic animals, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and completely resolved pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in remote past, were notable parts of her past medical history. Due to clinical, paraclinical and radiographic findings and because of recent hospitalization, she was admitted to internal medicine ward with the diagnosis of health care associated pneumonia (HCAP)...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081307/the-demographics-and-histopathological-features-of-oral-cavity-cancers-in-turkey
#14
Mehmet Düzlü, Recep Karamert, Faruk Kadri Bakkal, Raşit Cevizci, Hakan Tutar, Mehmet Ekrem Zorlu, Alper Dilci, Fakih Cihat Eravcı
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to examine the demographics and histopathological features of oral cavity cancers (OCCs) managed in our clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with OCCs in the Gazi University Otorhinolaryngology Department between the years 1993 and 2013 were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Surgical archive charts and pathology records were reviewed in detail regarding the anatomical and histopathological profiles of the tumors, as well as the demographic data of the patients...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065602/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategy-in-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-guidelines-of-the-french-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-society-sforl
#15
J Nevoux, V Franco-Vidal, D Bouccara, C Parietti-Winkler, A Uziel, A Chays, X Dubernard, V Couloigner, V Darrouzet, T Mom
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société française d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie de la face et du cou: SFORL) for diagnostic and therapeutic strategy in Menière's disease. METHODS: A work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group. The guidelines were graded according to the literature analysis and recommendations grading guide published by the French National Agency for Accreditation and Evaluation in Health (January 2000)...
January 3, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060869/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-otorhinolaryngology-based-on-the-strobe-statement
#16
Martine Hendriksma, Michiel H M A Joosten, Jeroen P M Peters, Wilko Grolman, Inge Stegeman
BACKGROUND: Observational studies are the most frequently published studies in literature. When randomized controlled trials cannot be conducted because of ethical or practical considerations, an observational study design is the first choice. The STROBE Statement (STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology) was developed to provide guidance on how to adequately report observational studies. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were 1) to evaluate the quality of reporting of observational studies of otorhinolaryngologic literature using the STROBE Statement checklist, 2) to compare the quality of reporting of observational studies in the top 5 Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT) journals versus the top 5 general medical journals and 3) to formulate recommendations to improve adequate reporting of observational research in otorhinolaryngologic literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050199/international-archives-of-otorhinolaryngology-20-years-of-excellence
#17
EDITORIAL
Ricardo Ferreira Bento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045821/treatment-of-congenital-choanal-atresia-via-transnasal-endoscopic-method
#18
Secaattin Gulşen, Elif Baysal, Fatih Celenk, Ismail Aytaç, Cengiz Durucu, Muzaffer Kanlikama, Semih Mumbuç
OBJECTIVES: Congenital choanal atresia (CCA) is a very rare abnormality of the nose, but in the case of bilateral presence, it becomes a life-threatening malformation. Various surgical treatment options, such as transpalatal, transseptal, and open rhinoplasty techniques, as well as the transnasal approach, have been defined for the repair of CCA. In this study, the authors intended to evaluate the outcomes of transnasal endoscopic surgery for CCA, and stent implementation's impact on surgical success...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042399/the-surgical-safety-checklist-results-of-implementation-in-otorhinolaryngology
#19
Ali S Al-Qahtani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of implementing the surgical safety checklist (SSCL) on the outcome of patient safety in otorhinolaryngology (ENT) surgical procedures in two hospitals in Saudi Arabia: Aseer Central and Abha Private Hospitals. METHODS: This retrospective study conducted over seven years (1 July 2008 to 30 June 2015) followed a staff educational and training program for the implementation of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist (WHO SSCL)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025606/evidence-and-evidence-gaps-in-therapies-of-nasal-obstruction-and-rhinosinusitis
#20
REVIEW
Nicole Rotter
Therapeutic decisions in otorhinolaryngology are based on clinical experience, surgical skills, and scientific evidence. Recently, evidence-based therapies have gained increased attention and importance due to their potential to improve the individual patient's treatment and their potential at the same time to reduce treatment costs. In clinical practice, it is almost impossible to stay ahead of the increasing mass of literature and on the other hand critically assess the presented data. A solid scientific and statistical knowledge as well as a significant amount of spare time are required to detect systematic bias and other errors in study designs, also with respect to assessing whether or not a study should be part of an individual therapeutic decision...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
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