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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331902/the-use-of-interprofessional-learning-and-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-to-address-interprofessional-communication-and-collaboration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Benedikte M Granheim, Julie M Shaw, Martha Mansah
OBJECTIVE: To identify how simulation and interprofessional learning are used together in undergraduate nursing programs and undertaken in schools of nursing to address interprofessional communication and collaboration. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, PsycInfo and Science Direct were searched to identify articles from 2006 to 2016 that reported on the use of IPL and simulation together in undergraduate nursing education...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319610/the-effectiveness-of-online-pain-resources-for-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-with-subset-meta-analysis-of-educational-intervention-studies
#2
Christina Liossi DPsych, Alessandro Failo PhD, Daniel E Schoth PhD, Glyn Williams Md, Richard Howard Md
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricular often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified via a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included three concept blocks: (i) type of intervention - online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (ii) population - pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, medical; (iii) outcome - pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318736/junior-doctor-teaching-delivered-by-near-peers
#3
Oluwaseun Anyiam, Victoria Ware, Maria McKenna, John Hanley
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching - trainees teaching more junior trainee colleagues - has been widely described in undergraduate medical education. Several benefits have been reported, including a more comfortable learning environment for learners and the development of tutors' teaching skills. Near-peer teaching programmes in postgraduate training are less commonly described in the existing literature, however. This article outlines a pilot study of a postgraduate near-peer teaching programme implemented at the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315721/do-final-year-medical-students-have-sufficient-prescribing-competencies-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
David J Brinkman, Jelle Tichelaar, Sanne Graaf, René H J Otten, Milan C Richir, Michiel A van Agtmael
AIMS: Prescribing errors are an important cause of patient safety incidents and are frequently caused by junior doctors. This might be because the prescribing competence of final-year medical students is poor as a result of inadequate clinical pharmacology and therapeutic (CPT) education. We reviewed the literature to investigate which prescribing competencies medical students should have acquired in order to prescribe safely and effectively, and whether these have been attained by the time they graduate...
January 8, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306738/midwifery-students-understanding-and-knowledge-of-normal-birth-before-delivery-of-curriculum
#6
Clare Davison, Clare Davison, Sadie Geraghty, Sara Morris
OBJECTIVE: To generate new knowledge that describes and explains the views and understanding, regarding midwifery and normal birth, that newly enrolled midwifery students hold at the commencement of their midwifery education. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive approach was used in conjunction with an anonymous questionnaire. SETTING: A tertiary University in Western Australia FINDINGS: Eighteen postgraduate midwifery students (PG), and twenty undergraduate midwifery students (UG), completed the questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305517/allergy-teaching-is-suboptimal-and-heterogeneous-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-in-the-uk
#7
Emily Frances Reid, Mamidupudi Thirumala Krishna, Claire Bethune
AIM: To record the level of allergy teaching occurring in UK medical schools. The UK has experienced an 'allergy epidemic' during the last 3-4 decades. Previous government reviews have emphasised the importance of allergy education and training, treating common allergies in primary care with referral pathways to a specialist and the creation of regional networks. It is acknowledged that the delivery of allergy teaching in UK medical schools is variable, despite the well-recognised need...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305073/out-of-the-basement-and-into-the-classroom-pathways-for-expanding-the-role-of-radiation-oncologists-in-medical-student-education
#8
Malcolm D Mattes, William Small, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: To characterize radiation oncologist involvement in undergraduate medical education at US academic medical centers and to incorporate these findings into practical pathways for greater and broader integration of radiation oncology (RO) into medical curricula. METHODS: Chairpersons and residency program directors at RO departments directly affiliated with a medical school were asked to describe all the ways in which radiation oncologists in their department are involved in medical student education, excluding their elective clerkship...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304800/voluntary-vs-compulsory-student-evaluation-of-clerkships-effect-on-validity-and-potential-bias
#9
Sola Aoun Bahous, Pascale Salameh, Angelique Salloum, Wael Salameh, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
BACKGROUND: Students evaluations of their learning experiences can provide a useful source of information about clerkship effectiveness in undergraduate medical education. However, low response rates in clerkship evaluation surveys remain an important limitation. This study examined the impact of increasing response rates using a compulsory approach on validity evidence. METHODS: Data included 192 responses obtained voluntarily from 49 third-year students in 2014-2015, and 171 responses obtained compulsorily from 49 students in the first six months of the consecutive year at one medical school in Lebanon...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303135/specialty-choices-patterns-and-determinants-among-medical-undergraduates-in-enugu-southeast-nigeria
#10
Noc Onyemaechi, A I Bisi-Onyemaechi, N I Omoke, O I Odetunde, I C Okwesili, B O Okwara
BACKGROUND: Specialty choices of medical undergraduates are important in planning educational programs and human resources for health-care delivery. The aim of this study was to investigate the specialty preferences of medical undergraduates and determine the factors that influenced their specialty choices. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey carried out among final year medical undergraduates of University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu Nigeria...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286827/the-role-of-anxiety-in-simulation-based-dexterity-and-overall-performance-does-it-really-matter
#11
Fatema Dhaif, Georgios Paparoidamis, Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Ferha Saeed, Theodoros Michail, Anastasios Tzavelas, Efstathios Kenanidis, Michael Potoupnis, Eleftherios Tsiridis, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international undergraduate surgical masterclass which combines ex vivo, dry lab and high fidelity in vivo simulation-based learning (SBL). It consists of 32 stations of skills-based learning, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of fractures. Current literature suggests early involvement in skills-based learning at the undergraduate level is vital. AIMS: To compare students' dexterity and skills-based performance with demographic and educational background parameters...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284536/dental-hygienists-perceptions-of-professionalism-are-multidimensional-and-context-dependent-a-qualitative-study-in-japan
#12
Yukiko Nagatani, Rintaro Imafuku, Toshinobu Takemoto, Tadayuki Waki, Taiji Obayashi, Tetsuji Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Due to the declining birth rate and aging of Japanese society, the roles and responsibilities of dental hygienists are continuously expanding. Medical professionalism needs to be pursued continuously throughout one's career in order to improve dental care and treatment. Although conceptualising professionalism is essential to the education of health professionals, professionalism in the field of dental hygiene has not been defined or adequately examined in Japan. The purposes of this study are to investigate dental hygienists' perceptions of the constituent elements of professionalism and the factors affecting their perceptions...
December 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284505/factors-related-to-healthy-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviors-in-undergraduate-students-at-university-of-seville-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Fátima Leon-Larios, Juana Macías-Seda
BACKGROUND: Young people are a group of population with sexual risk-taking behaviors. Despite efforts to inform them it is common for them to adopt risk conducts during their stay at University. The aim of this research was to assess knowledge, attitudes and experiences on sexual health and contraceptives and factors related to risk behaviors in university students. METHODS: A cross- sectional analytical study was carried out from February to April 2014 among undergraduate students at University of Seville...
December 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284217/qualitative-case-study-of-strength-weakness-opportunity-and-threat-analysis-of-integrating-world-health-organization-patient-safety-curriculum-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-pakistan
#14
Samreen Misbah, Usman Mahboob
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of integrating the World Health Organization (WHO) patient safety curriculum in medical education in Pakistan. Methods: A qualitative interpretive case study was done at Riphah International University, Islamabad, from October 2016 to June 2017. The study included nine faculty members and one expert on patient safety. The interviews were audio-taped, and a thematic analysis of transcript was done using NVivo software...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283871/resources-for-educating-training-and-mentoring-all-physicians-providing-palliative-care
#15
James Downar
This article presents a rapid review of the published literature and available resources for educating Canadian physicians to provide palliative and end-of-life care. Several key messages emerge from the review. First, there are many palliative care educational resources already available for Canadian physicians. Second, the many palliative care education resources are often not used in physician training. Third, we know that some palliative care educational interventions are inexpensive and scalable, while others are costly and time-consuming; we know very little about which palliative care educational interventions impact physician behavior and patient care...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282056/validation-of-the-german-revised-version-of-the-program-in-palliative-care-education-and-practice-questionnaire-pcep-gr
#16
Katharina Fetz, Ursula Wenzel-Meyburg, Christian Schulz-Quach
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of the effectiveness of undergraduate palliative care education (UPCE) programs is an essential foundation to providing high-quality UPCE programs. Therefore, the implementation of valid evaluation tools is indispensable. Until today, there has been no general consensus regarding concrete outcome parameters and their accurate measurement. The Program in Palliative Care Education and Practice Questionnaire (German Revised Version; PCEP-GR) is a promising assessment tool for UPCE...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280059/team-based-learning-module-for-undergraduate-medical-education-a-module-focused-on-the-human-papilloma-virus-to-increase-willingness-to-vaccinate
#17
Rachel Wiley, Zeena Shelal, Carolyn Bernard, Diana Urbauer, Eugene Toy, Lois Ramondetta
Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination rates lag behind other vaccines, primarily because of weak provider recommendations, and are associated with nearly 30,000 new cancer diagnoses a year. Educating medical students about HPV using active, team-centered learning may increase assimilation of information and may increase vaccination rates. A team-based learning (TBL) module focused on HPV for first-year medical students about HPV will better increase knowledge and likeliness to vaccinate than traditional education methods...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279671/dental-students-knowledge-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#18
Daniele Rosella, Piero Papi, Giorgio Pompa, Mario Capogreco, Francesca De Angelis, Stefano Di Carlo
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate and assess knowledge and attitude of dental students about medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), to optimize future training programs in this field. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was administrated. Ninety-eight participants agreed to complete an anonymous questionnaire. It was divided into two sections: the first section was about general information such as interviewer's gender and date of birth; the second section included questions about bisphosphonates (BPs), others medication associated to osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), risk factors, and prevention of osteonecrosis...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278045/an-evaluation-of-the-views-of-gp-specialty-trainees-on-their-involvement-in-medical-student-teaching
#19
Stephanie Zamoyski, Hugh Alberti
Background A recent survey in the North East of England (now Health Education England in the North East) revealed that General Practice Specialty Trainees (GPSTs) wished for more opportunities to teach. The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) states that GPSTs are ideally placed to deliver undergraduate teaching. The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent GPSTs perceived a pilot of teaching medical students to be useful in their development. Methods Ethical approval was granted by Newcastle University...
December 26, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275981/evaluation-by-undergraduate-medical-students-of-a-role-playing-training-program-on-the-management-of-acute-states-of-agitation
#20
B Rolland, T Fovet, J Poissy, C Eichholtzer, M Lesage, P Thomas, M Jourdain
OBJECTIVES: Acute states of agitation (ASAs) are frequent in daily medical practice. However, training on real ASAs raises technical and ethical issues, whereas lecture-based teaching hardly addresses some educational objectives, e.g., improving relational skills and team-based coordination. Simulation-based medical education (SBME) is a promising medium to train students on managing ASAs. We have recently implemented a role-playing training module on ASAs. In this scenario, four to five students play the role of the staff, while a trained professional actor plays the agitated patient...
December 21, 2017: L'Encéphale
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