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Undergraduate medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925045/interest-in-research-among-medical-students-challenges-for-the-undergraduate-education
#1
David William Moraes, Maitê Jotz, Willian Roberto Menegazzo, Michele Sabrina Menegazzo, Steffi Veloso, Mayara Christ Machry, Monise Costanzi, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Introduction: In recent decades, there has been a reduction in the number of graduates from medical schools who choose to pursue a career in scientific research. That has an impact on the profile of graduates, since medical education depends on understanding the formation of scientific evidence. The construction of new knowledge is also hampered by the reduction of medical scientists, whose clinical experience with patients provides an essential step towards medical Science evolution...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924139/outcome-of-a-four-hour-smoking-cessation-counselling-workshop-for-medical-students
#2
Kurosch Purkabiri, Valentina Steppacher, Kathrin Bernardy, Nikola Karl, Verena Vedder, Michèle Borgmann, Anja Rogausch, Uz Stammberger, Robert Bals, Tobias Raupach, Volker Koellner, Jürg Hamacher
BACKGROUND: Lack of smoking cessation education in undergraduate medical training hinders healthcare professionals in providing adequate tobacco cessation counselling. We developed a comprehensive 4-h smoking cessation counselling course for medical students that is easy to incorporate in a medical school curriculum, and assessed its short-term outcome for knowledge, skills, and attitudes. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students (53f, 35 m) were educated by a doctoral student in five identical 4-h courses...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#3
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919441/male-reproductive-health-training-during-undergraduate-medical-education-an-unmet-need-for-the-next-generation
#4
EDITORIAL
Esther Finney, Robert E Brannigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906761/surgical-education-and-health-care-reform-defining-the-role-and-value-of-trainees-in-an-evolving-medical-landscape
#5
Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Reena Aggarwal, Rebeccah B Baucom, Cristina R Ferrone, David Massaro, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Health care reform and surgical education are often separated functionally. However, especially in surgery, where resident trainees often spend twice as much time in residency and fellowship than in undergraduate medical education, one must consider their contributions to health care. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In this short commentary, we briefly review the status of health care in the United States as well as some of the recent and current changes in graduate medical education that pertain to surgical trainees...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905653/-perceptions-of-faculty-members-and-students-about-undergraduate-training-in-primary-health-care
#6
Mario Parada-Lezcano, María Inés Romero S, Fabián Moraga Cortés
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if medical education is preparing physicians to successfully work at primary health care settings. AIM: To explore what are the perceptions of faculty members and students about the type of physician needed and if medical education is coherent with the practice of primary health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen semi-structured interviews to key informants from faculty members and ten focus groups with students were carried out...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900751/-reflection-on-the-differences-and-similarities-of-mental-health-care-in-virginia-and-taiwan-geography-history-culture-and-nurse-practitioners
#7
Chueh-Fen Lu, Ching-Chuan Tung, Linda Ely
Sponsored by the pilot overseas internships project of the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, the authors and ten undergraduate students from Taiwan visited several mental health facilities in Virginia for one month. These facilities included the Catawba State Hospital, Salem Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Carilion Saint Albans Behavioral Health (New River Valley Medical Center), Warm Hearth Village, Adult & Child Family Counseling private outpatient clinic, the Free Clinic of the New River Valley, New Life Clubhouse, and Self-Government Program for Assertive Community Treatment...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#8
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895840/the-malawi-hybrid-medical-graduates-1992-1998
#9
Adelola Adeloye
In April 1991, the Malawi College of Medicine opened its doors to Malawi medical students who had undertaken all but the final year of their undergraduate training in the United Kingdom. The first batch qualified with the MB BS degrees of the University of Malawi in September 1992. Since then and up to July 1998, 112 doctors have been produced. They are all Malawians, 90 males and 22 females, 29%, 31% and 40% respectively come from the Northern, Central and Southern regions of Malawi. Seventy-one per cent of the graduates had passed through Chancellor College, Zomba, and 27% had attended the Kamuzu Academy, Kasunga, Malawi...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892436/study-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-the-medical-students-in-two-medical-colleges-of-nepal
#10
D Kunwar, A Risal, S Koirala
Background Medical education is intended to prepare graduates for a promoting health and caring for the sick. Medical students are confronted with significant academic, psychological and existential stressors. There is insufficient information regarding psychological morbidity among Nepalese medical students. Objective To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress, among the medical students in Nepal, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. Method A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted including all students from first to fifth year of student using convenience method of sampling from Kathmandu University Medical School (KUSMS), Dhulikhel and Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#11
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888595/quality-of-life-in-medical-students-with-internet-addiction
#12
Farzad Fatehi, Alireza Monajemi, Anahita Sadeghi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Azim Mirzazadeh
The widespread use of internet has caused new psychological, social, and educational problems for the students. The aim of this study was to examine the quality of life in medical students who suffer from internet addiction. This cross-sectional survey was carried out in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, and a total of 174 fourth-to seventh-year undergraduate medical students were enrolled. The quality of life was assessed by WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire which covers four domains of physical health, psychological, social relationships, and the environment...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884788/the-virtual-dissecting-room-creating-highly-detailed-anatomy-models-for-educational-purposes
#13
Marijn Zilverschoon, Koen L Vincken, Ronald L A W Bleys
INTRODUCTION: Virtual 3D models are powerful tools for teaching anatomy. At the present day, there are a lot of different digital anatomy models, most of these commercial applications are based on a 3D model of a human body reconstructed from images with a 1 millimeter intervals. The use of even smaller intervals may result in more details and more realistic appearances of 3D anatomy models. The aim of this study was to create a realistic and highly detailed 3D model of the hand and wrist based on small interval cross-sectional images, suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes with the possibility to perform a virtual dissection in an educational application...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882578/creative-art-and-medical-student-development-a-qualitative-study
#14
Elizabeth K Jones, Anne L Kittendorf, Arno K Kumagai
OBJECTIVES: Although many medical schools include arts-based activities in their curricula, empirical evidence is lacking regarding how the creation of art might impact medical students and their professional development. We used a qualitative research design in order to understand this process. METHODS: We conducted and analysed interviews with 16 medical students who had created and presented original artwork in the context of a required narrative-based undergraduate medical education programme...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882523/simulation-in-undergraduate-psychiatry-exploring-the-depth-of-learner-engagement
#15
REVIEW
Petal S Abdool, Latika Nirula, Sarah Bonato, Tarek K Rajji, Ivan L Silver
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based methodologies are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education to expand students' exposure to complex clinical scenarios. Engagement of students in these simulation-based methodologies is a key determinant of their success in learning. Thus, the authors conducted a systematic review to (1) identify simulation methods in use within the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum and (2) assess learner engagement using these methods. METHODS: Following a PRISMA methodology, the authors searched MEDLINE, ERIC, and PsychINFO databases from 1977 to 2015...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882273/rural-medical-education-in-new-zealand
#16
EDITORIAL
Heidi Mayer, Tia Renouf
Despite a large number of yearly medical graduates, rural New Zealand is faced with a scarcity of practicing physicians. Opportunities to learn and practice in rural settings start at the undergraduate level and extend to practicing physicians. There are a number of different programs available to facilitate rural medical education for all students and physicians. These programs will be discussed in this article.
October 11, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880080/anchoring-interprofessional-education-in-undergraduate-curricula-the-heidelberg-story
#17
Sarah Berger, Katja Goetz, Christina Leowardi-Bauer, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Joachim Szecsenyi, Cornelia Mahler
The ability of health professionals to collaborate effectively has significant potential impact on patient safety and quality-care outcomes, especially given the increasingly complex and dynamic clinical practice environments of today. Educators of the health professions are faced with an immediate challenge to adapt curricula and traditional teaching methods to ensure graduates are equipped with the necessary interprofessional competencies and (inter)professional values for their future practice. The World Health Organization's "Framework for action in interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice" promotes IPE as a key strategy to enhance patient outcomes by preparing a "collaborative practice-ready health workforce...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878959/students-today%C3%A2-educators-tomorrow
#18
Keri Moore, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: The article describes the use of the mini clinical examination (mini-CEX) in a pilot study to introduce peer assessment in one allied health programme to explore students' capacity as clinical educators. Preparing today's pre-professional health students to be clinical educators by engaging them in peer teaching, learning and assessment may encourage them to become tomorrow's clinical educators. CONTEXT: Peer assessment is common among many undergraduate medical and allied health programmes, and is typically used as a means of providing students with feedback on their clinical skill development...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878956/improving-the-medical-school-residency-transition
#19
Helen Morgan, Bethany Skinner, David Marzano, James Fitzgerald, Diana Curran, Maya Hammoud
BACKGROUND: In response to calls to improve the continuum between undergraduate and graduate medical education, many medical schools are creating electives designed to prepare students for residency training. There is a need for data that link improvements from these residency preparation courses to residency itself. Data is needed that links improvements from these residency preparation courses to residency OBJECTIVE: To examine senior medical student performance on the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics (APGO) Preparation for Residency Knowledge Assessment before and after an obstetrics and gynaecology residency preparation elective, and to determine whether the knowledge improvements persisted to the start of the residency...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878918/survey-of-antipsychotic-medication-curriculum-content-in-australian-university-nursing-programmes
#20
Paul Morrison, Norman J Stomski, Margaret McAllister, Dianne Wynaden, Catherine Hungerford, Kim Usher, Phil Maude, Andrew Crowther, Robert Batterbee
Antipsychotic medication has long been one of the first-line interventions for people with serious mental illness, with outcomes including reductions in symptoms and relapse rates. More recently, however, questions have been raised about the efficacy of antipsychotic medications, especially in light of their side-effect profile. Such questions have implications for the nurses administering antipsychotic medications, particularly in relation to their knowledge of the antipsychotic medication, its efficacy, and side-effect profile...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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