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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748549/ultrasound-curricula-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Usman Tarique, Brandon Tang, Manni Singh, Kulamakan Mahan Kulasegaram, Jonathan Ailon
The clinical applications of point-of-care ultrasound (US) have expanded rapidly over the past decade. To promote early exposure to point-of-care US, there is widespread support for the integration of US curricula within undergraduate medical education. However, despite growing evidence and enthusiasm for point-of-care US education in undergraduate medical education, the curricular design and delivery across undergraduate medical education programs remain variable without widely adopted national standards and guidelines...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747204/just-fun-or-a-prejudice-physician-stereotypes-in-common-jokes-and-their-attribution-to-medical-specialties-by-undergraduate-medical-students
#2
Sigrid Harendza, Martin Pyra
BACKGROUND: Many jokes exist about stereotypical attributes of physicians in various specialties, which could lead to prejudices against physicians from a specific specialty. It is unknown whether and when medical students are aware of stereotypes about different specialties. The goal of this study was to analyze the degree of stereotypes that exist about medical specialties amongst undergraduate medical students at different stages of their education. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two jokes with different content about attributes of physicians from different specialties were found by an internet search...
July 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746072/accreditation-of-medical-education-programs-moving-from-student-outcomes-to-continuous-quality-improvement-measures
#3
Danielle Blouin, Ara Tekian
Accreditation of undergraduate medical education programs aims to ensure the quality of medical education and promote quality improvement, with the ultimate goal of providing optimal patient care. Direct linkages between accreditation and education quality are, however, difficult to establish. The literature examining the impact of accreditation predominantly focuses on student outcomes, such as performances on national examinations. However, student outcomes present challenges with regard to data availability, comparability, and contamination...
July 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745199/the-impact-of-family-medicine-clerkships-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#4
Eralda Hegendörfer, Nele R Michels, Kristin Hendrickx, Roy Remmen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744821/evaluating-the-effect-of-instruction-and-practice-schedule-on-the-acquisition-of-ecg-interpretation-skills
#5
Sandra Monteiro, Lindsay Melvin, Joshua Manolakos, Ameen Patel, Geoffrey Norman
INTRODUCTION: Evidence of the benefit of distributed instruction and interleaved practice comes from studies using simple materials (e. g. word pairs). Furthermore, there is currently no evidence of the combined impact of these strategies in undergraduate medical education. The present study evaluated the impact of varying both instruction and practice schedules for the acquisition of ECG interpretation skills. METHODS: We conducted a 2 × 2 factorial study with two levels of instruction (massed and distributed) and two levels of practice (interleaved and blocked)...
July 25, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743855/evaluation-of-an-occupational-health-educational-program-based-on-alumni-perceptions-in-iran-structural-equation-model
#6
Semira Mehralizadeh, Alireza Dehdashti, Masoud Motalebi Kashani
Purpose: Evaluating educational program can improve the quality of education that learners receive. The present study evaluated undergraduate occupational health educational program at Medical sciences university of Semnan, Iran, focused on the associations between alumni perceptions of learning environment and outcomes in occupational health program. Methods: cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out among alumni of occupational health enrolled in an undergraduate program...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720128/the-utility-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-mini-cex-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#7
Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad Jalili, Mandana Shirazi, Rasoul Masoomi, Saharnaz Nedjat, John Norcini
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used assessment tools that measure the trainees' performance in workplace is the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), in which an expert observes and rates the actual performance of trainees. Several primary studies have evaluated the effectiveness of mini-CEX by assessing its educational and psychometric properties. The objective of this BEME review is to explore, analyze, and synthesize the evidence considering the utility of the mini-CEX for assessing undergraduate and postgraduate medical trainees...
July 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#8
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712689/enhancing-medical-curricula-the-role-of-a-1-day-plastic-surgery-course-as-an-educational-adjunct-for-medical-students
#9
Harry V M Spiers, Alexander Zargaran, Aasim Nisar Murtaza, Amal Thomas, Mohammed Adil A Turki, Farida Ali
INTRODUCTION: Plastic surgery is underrepresented in medical school curricula. The St George׳s Surgical Society hosted a 1-day undergraduate course in plastic surgery. Our aim was to introduce students to plastic surgery and teach basic plastic surgical skills. METHODOLOGY: The skills day consisted of lectures from consultants and a core trainee followed by registrar-taught workshops in suturing, tendon repair, and local flap design. Precourse and postcourse questionnaires assessed perceptions of plastic surgery, confidence in performing basic plastic surgical skills, and usefulness of course components...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707640/what-do-faculty-feel-about-teaching-in-this-school-assessment-of-medical-education-environment-by-teachers
#10
Syed Ilyas Shehnaz, Mohamed Arifulla, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Kadayam Guruswami Gomathi
BACKGROUND: Faculty members are major stakeholders in curriculum delivery, and positive student learning outcomes can only be expected in an educational environment (EE) conducive to learning. EE experienced by teachers includes all conditions affecting teaching and learning activities. As the EE of teachers indirectly influences the EE of students, assessment of teachers' perceptions of EE can highlight issues affecting student learning. These perceptions can also serve as a valuable tool for identifying faculty development needs...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707638/mimicking-rashes-use-of-moulage-technique-in-undergraduate-assessment-at-the-aga-khan-university-karachi
#11
Saniya Raghib Sabzwari, Azam Afzal, Kashmira Nanji
BACKGROUND: The use of simulated patients in student assessment is supported by the Best Evidence Medical Education and U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and it provides a safe and effective alternative to real patients in many situations. To assess the validity and feasibility of moulage technique-where a cosmetically constructed rash is used on simulated patients-two dermatologic rashes were developed using moulage simulation on standardized patients at Aga Khan University Hospital for 3rd year medical summative Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707636/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-patient-safety-course-in-a-problem-based-learning-program
#12
Sarah Ahmed Eltony, Nahla Hassan El-Sayed, Shimaa El-Sayed El-Araby, Salah Eldin Kassab
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the WHO patient safety curriculum guide, there has been insufficient reporting regarding the implementation and evaluation of patient safety courses in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) programs. This study is designed to implement a patient safety course to undergraduate students in a PBL medical school and evaluate this course by examining its effects on students' knowledge and satisfaction. METHODS: The target population included year 6 medical students (n = 71) at the Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University in Egypt...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702788/how-do-physicians-become-medical-experts-a-test-of-three-competing-theories-distinct-domains-independent-influence-and-encapsulation-models
#13
Claudio Violato, Hong Gao, Mary Claire O'Brien, David Grier, E Shen
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories-knowledge encapsulation, independent influence, distinct domains-of the development of medical expertise employing structural equation modelling. Data were collected from 548 physicians (292 men-53.3%; 256 women-46...
July 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699946/using-standardized-patients-to-assess-hospitalist-communication-skills
#14
Dennis Chang, Micah Mann, Terry Sommer, Robert Fallar, Alan Weinberg, Erica Friedman
Standardized patients (SPs) have been used to assess communication skills in undergraduate medical education, but no published studies describe the use of SPs in assessing practicing physicians on their communication skills. In this study, done with 23 hospitalists at a large urban academic hospital, 3 SP scenarios, daily rounding, discharge, and interacting with a difficult patient, were created. After each encounter, each hospitalist reviewed their videotape and received feedback from their SP based on a checklist that had 3 core domains: Listen, Courtesy and Respect, and Explain...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693631/palliative-care-education-in-latin-america-a-systematic-review-of-training-programs-for-healthcare-professionals
#15
Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Rosa Mertnoff, Cristina Lasmarias, Xavier Gómez-Batiste
OBJECTIVE: The integration of palliative care (PC) education into medical and nursing curricula has been identified as an international priority. PC education has undergone significant development in Latin America, but gaps in the integration of PC courses into undergraduate and postgraduate curricula remain. The aim of our review was to systematically examine the delivery of PC education in Latin America in order to explore the content and method of delivery of current PC programs, identify gaps in the availability of education opportunities, and document common barriers encountered in the course of their implementation...
July 11, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693609/otolaryngology-exposure-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship-setting
#16
Grace Margaret Scott, Corliss Ann Elizabeth Best, Damian Christopher Micomonaco
BACKGROUND: Although 20-40% of primary care complaints are Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OtoHNS) related, little emphasis is placed on OtoHNS instruction at the undergraduate medical education level. An OtoHNS clerkship rotation is not required at most Canadian medical schools. Furthermore, at institutions offering an OtoHNS rotation, less than 20% of students are able to complete a placement. Given that a large percentage of medical students in Canada will pursue primary care as a career, there remains a gap in providing OtoHNS clinical training...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690688/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-to-brazil-of-the-scale-of-attitudes-toward-physician-pharmacists-collaboration
#17
Luiza Cunha, Sabrina Neves, Tatiane C Marques, Dyego Araújo, Thaciana Alcantara, Divaldo P Lyra
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing complexity of medication therapies and the expansion of pharmaceutical clinical services to optimize patient care working in collaboration with physicians. In this sense, interdisciplinary education has been encouraged. However, no instrument is available to measure attitudes toward collaborative relationships. OBJECTIVE: To translate, cross-cultural adaptation and validation an instrument to measure collaboration attitudes toward students of medicine/pharmacy and physicians/pharmacists...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687048/a-core-undergraduate-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-a-delphi-consensus-study-in-scandinavia
#18
Stian K Almeland, Andrew Lindford, Jais Oliver Berg, Emma Hansson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, undergraduate medical education has undergone a transition from a speciality-based to a more competence-based training system. Consequently, whilst medical knowledge is rapidly expanding, time for teaching of the surgical specialties is decreasing. Thus, there appears to be a need to define the core competences that are to be taught. The aim of this study was to establish a Scandinavian core undergraduate curriculum of competences in plastic surgery, using scientific methods...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682507/taking-on-the-doctor-role-in-whole-task-simulation
#19
Maggie Bartlett, Simon P Gay, Ruth Kinston, Robert McKinley
BACKGROUND: Untimed simulated primary care consultations focusing on safe and effective clinical outcomes were first introduced into undergraduate medical education in Otago, New Zealand, in 2004. We extended this concept and included a secondary care version for final-year students. We offer students opportunities to manage entire consultations, which include making and implementing clinical decisions with simulated patients (SPs). Formative feedback is given by SPs on the achievement of pre-determined outcomes and by faculty members on clinical decision making, medical record keeping and case presentation...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680774/diabetic-ketoacidosis-an-emergency-medicine-simulation-scenario
#20
Reuben Addison, Tate Skinner, Felix Zhou, Michael Parsons
Simulation provides a safe environment where learning is enhanced through the deliberate practice of skills and controlled management of a variety of clinical encounters. This is particularly important for core cases and low-frequency, high-stakes procedures and encounters. Competency-based medical education has seen widespread adoption in the field along with ongoing work in the areas of undergraduate and postgraduate training. Similarly, effective professional development activities stand to benefit greatly from a more stringent integration of simulation and competency-based approaches...
May 29, 2017: Curēus
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