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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786567/how-to-incorporate-academic-writing-pedagogy-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#1
Viktoriia G Kostenko, Iryna M Solohor
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medical researchers, who are non-native English speakers, are facing now the growing need to publish their research results in international journals switching to an English-only policy, to apply for grants and scholarship, but at the same time this puts many authors whose native language is not English at a disadvantage compared to their English-speaking counterparts. The aim: This paper aims at analysing the existing parameters of academic writing proficiency of medical undergraduate and postgraduate students; elucidating current approaches to develop academic writing competency and to promote academic multi-literacy of junior researchers, and outlining the general recommendations to improve the quality and sophistication of their writing by incorporating the principles and achievements of academic writing pedagogy into the system of medical training...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786024/needs-assessment-of-ophthalmology-education-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-study-from-a-medical-college-in-south-india
#2
Karuppannasamy Divya, Kannappan Suvetha, Alo Sen, Devisundaram Sundar
Background: Adequate ophthalmic diagnostic and clinical skills are essential for practitioners in primary care settings as well as specialty care physicians. The objectives of this study were to assess the adequacy of ophthalmology teaching in undergraduate medical education and to evaluate the comfort of medical students in diagnosing common eye problems and performing ophthalmic skills. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among third-year undergraduate students from a medical college in South India at the end of ophthalmology training from February 2014 to December 2014...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771817/high-value-cost-conscious-communication-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-education-validity-evidence-for-scores-derived-from-two-standardized-patient-scenarios
#3
Neena Natt, Stephanie R Starr, Darcy A Reed, Yoon Soo Park, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Andrea N Leep Hunderfund
INTRODUCTION: Training in high-value, cost-conscious care (HVCCC) is increasingly being incorporated into medical school curricula, but students may have limited opportunities to engage patients in HVCCC conversations. The aim of this study was to develop two standardized patient scenarios with associated checklists, hypothesizing that resulting scores would allow for valid formative assessments of HVCCC communication skills. METHODS: Scenarios were designed to generate a less-is-more conversation (in response to a patient requesting an unnecessary test) and a shared decision-making conversation (in response to a patient choosing between multiple effective treatment options)...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765574/psychometric-properties-of-self-assessment-clinical-competency-questionnaire-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#4
Batool Nehrir, Abbas Ebadi, Zohreh Vanaki, Jamileh Mokhtari Nouri, Seyed Mohammad Khademolhosseini
Background: One of the main challenges of nursing student education is the lack of clinical competence that reduces the quality of patients care. Measuring the clinical competency of undergraduate nursing students is effective in curriculum developing, planning, and learning evaluation. Objective: To validate self-assessment clinical competence questionnaire of undergraduate nursing students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study at Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran, 2015-2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765458/analysis-of-web-based-learning-methods-in-emergency-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Piotr Leszczyński, Joanna Gotlib, Zbigniew Kopański, Arkadiusz Wejnarski, Stanisław Świeżewski, Robert Gałązkowski
Introduction: In medical education, Web-based learning is increasingly used as a complement to practical classes. The objective of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of three different forms of e-learning course on emergency medicine in terms of an indicator of knowledge growth and students' satisfaction. Material and methods: For the purpose of the study, we developed and implemented a tool in the form of an online course: A - non-animated presentation, B - video, C - interactive video...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760364/-pharmacology-education-in-nursing-based-on-the-patient-oriented-pharmacology-personal-drug-p-drug-and-integrated-drug-idrug
#6
Toshihiko Yanagita
The installation of nursing colleges/universities has rapidly increased from the late 1990s, there are 255 institutions in Japan as of 2017. Pharmacology and clinical pharmacology education in undergraduate and postgraduate nursing colleges/universities is highly important, however, the lack of human resources involved in pharmacology education due to the rapid increase of nursing colleges/universities cannot be denied. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan established a 〝nursing education model core curriculum〟 for quality assurance of education at nursing colleges/universities...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759952/head-and-neck-anatomy-effect-of-focussed-near-peer-teaching-on-anatomical-confidence-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#7
Simon Morris, Max Sallis Osborne, Duncan Bowyer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of near-peer head and neck anatomy teaching on undergraduates and to quantify the benefit from a focussed teaching course. Near-peer teaching involves colleagues within close seniority and age proximity teaching one another on a specified topic. DESIGN: Small group teaching sessions were delivered to medical students on 3 key areas of ENT anatomy. Participants were given a precourse and postcourse questionnaire to determine the benefit attained from the course...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748045/radiology-education-in-medical-school-and-residency-the-views-and-needs-of-program-directors
#8
Patrick T Schiller, Andrew W Phillips, Christopher M Straus
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors of this study used the perspectives of residency program directors (PDs) nationally to explore whether trainees are adequately prepared to utilize and interpret medical imaging as interns, to identify the types of imaging skills most important for residency, and to begin to address current shortcomings in radiology education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors created a survey using a modified version of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education radiology milestones and sent it to 100 randomly selected PDs each in pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, and general surgery...
May 7, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744237/a-case-study-of-the-use-of-a-special-interest-group-to-enhance-interest-in-public-health-among-undergraduate-health-science-students
#9
Arauna Louw, Astrid Turner, Liz Wolvaardt
Background: Education and training of undergraduate health science students in public health are insufficient in many parts of the world. This lack is a risk as early interest in specialist training options is a predictor of future training choices. A special interest group (SIG) is one mechanism to engage students, increase awareness and generate interest in public health. The purpose of this case study was to create and study such a group at an African university. Case presentation: An action research study design was used to create and study the SIG...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742614/curricular-transformation-in-health-systems-science-the-need-for-global-change
#11
Jed D Gonzalo, Terry Wolpaw, Dan Wolpaw
In this Invited Commentary, the authors propose a counter-perspective to the article by Borkan and colleagues, who advocate for a circumscribed, piloted, choice-focused approach to introducing curricular redesign options in undergraduate medical education, particularly in the area of health systems science. In making this case, Borkan and colleagues cluster several kinds of innovative curricular changes that the authors of this commentary believe are best separated by the scope of change and associated educational strategy: 1) innovations customized to student interest and motivation, which are best served by focused programmatic interventions, 2) innovations such as longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) that represent creative and needed educational strategies but may be difficult to expand due to complex barriers, and 3) innovations that are truly transformational, with critical connections far beyond the boundaries of the medical school curriculum, which must be addressed in a comprehensive approach-despite the challenges, frustrations, and difficulties...
May 8, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737957/evaluation-of-geriatrics-education-at-a-chinese-university-a-survey-of-attitudes-and-knowledge-among-undergraduate-medical-students
#12
Sandra Shi, Jonathan Lio, Hongmei Dong, Ivy Jiang, Brian Cooper, Renslow Sherer
Despite widespread reforms in medical education across China, nationally there has been no mandate or movement toward systemically incorporating geriatrics into curricula. To what degree medical students are trained and have exposure to geriatric topics remains unclear. We surveyed 190 medical students during their final year of medical school at a Chinese medical university, graduating from reformed and also traditional curricula. The survey was comprised of a subjective assessment of attitudes and reported knowledge, as well as an objective assessment of knowledge via a multiple choice test...
May 8, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736398/educational-software-applied-in-teaching-electrocardiogram-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Paulo A I Pontes, Rafael O Chaves, Roberto C Castro, Érica F de Souza, Marcos C R Seruffo, Carlos R L Francês
Background: The electrocardiogram (ECG) is the most used diagnostic tool in medicine; in this sense, it is essential that medical undergraduates learn how to interpret it correctly while they are still on training. Naturally, they go through classic learning (e.g., lectures and speeches). However, they are not often efficiently trained in analyzing ECG results. In this regard, methodologies such as other educational support tools in medical practice, such as educational software, should be considered a valuable approach for medical training purposes...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730960/partial-adoption-of-minimal-core-curriculum-in-undergraduate-teaching-of-family-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study-among-central-and-south-eastern-european-medical-schools
#14
Irena Zakarija-Grković, Venija Cerovečki, Davorka Vrdoljak
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Tandeter et al. published a list of 15 themes, based on a Delphi survey among representatives of the European Academy of Teachers in General Practice and Family Medicine (EURACT), and suggested this be the 'minimal core curriculum' (MCC) for undergraduate education in family medicine. OBJECTIVES: To determine: (1) if medical schools in the former Yugoslavia region are familiar with the MCC; and (2) to what degree it is being taught to medical students...
December 2018: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730958/undergraduate-medical-students-perspectives-of-skills-uses-and-preferences-of-information-technology-in-medical-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-medical-college
#15
Nehal Khamis, Rawabi Aljumaiah, Alla Alhumaid, Hiba Alraheem, Dalal Alkadi, Cristina Koppel, Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani
BACKGROUND: Information technology (IT) is widely used in medical education. However, there are not enough studies about IT uses and preferences among traditional and problem-based learning (PBL) medical students. AIM: To compare IT skills, uses and preferences for education between traditional and PBL medical students'. METHOD: A cross-sectional study; a modified Educause Center for Analysis and Research online survey was sent to traditional curriculum 5th and PBL 4th year medical students of King Saud University...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728925/student-perspectives-on-the-impact-of-an-undergraduate-work-integrated-learning-program-on-admission-and-transition-to-medical-school
#16
Rachel McDonald, Adam Bobrowski, Leah Drost, Leigha Rowbottom, Judene Pretti, Hany Soliman, Stephanie Chan, Edward Chow
Work-integrated learning (WIL) is a form of education that integrates academic and workplace study. Such programs provide students the opportunity to concurrently develop cognitive and non-cognitive competencies. The purpose of this study is to explore which experiences and skills learned in a WIL placement are useful in applying to medical school and transitioning into the first year of a Doctor of Medicine program. All individuals who worked in the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program (RRRP; WIL placement) since 2004 and had completed at least 1 year of medical school were invited to participate...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728123/the-relationship-between-stress-social-capital-and-quality-of-education-among-medical-residents
#17
Charis Anastasiadis, Andreas Tsounis, Pavlos Sarafis
OBJECTIVE: The educational climate is a key factor in medical education. The study aims to examine the relationship between trainee doctors' perceptions of hospital educational environment, stress and social capital. A cross-sectional study among 104 trainee doctors working in a Greek public hospital was conducted. According to the main hypotheses, perceptions of clinical training are positively associated with social capital and negatively with stress. RESULTS: Perceptions of autonomy dimension of training quality was positively related to community participation, tolerance of diversity and total social capital...
May 4, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728075/predicting-intentions-to-seek-help-for-depression-among-undergraduates-in-sri-lanka
#18
Santushi D Amarasuriya, Anthony F Jorm, Nicola J Reavley
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that although there are high rates of depression among university students, their help-seeking practices are poor. It is important to identify students who are less likely to seek the necessary help, to encourage better help-seeking among them. This study, which was conducted among undergraduates in Sri Lanka, examined the associations between personal characteristics of the undergraduates and their intentions to seek help for depression. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which 4461 undergraduates (Male: n = 1358, 30...
May 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727598/moving-beyond-the-theoretical-medical-students-desire-for-practical-role-specific-ethics-training
#19
Shana D Stites, Justin Clapp, Stefanie Gallagher, Autumn Fiester
Background It has been widely reported that medical trainees experience situations with profound ethical implications during their clinical rotations. To address this most U.S. medical schools include ethics curricula in their undergraduate programs. However, the content of these curricula vary substantially. Our pilot study aimed to discover, from the students' perspective, how ethics pedagogy prepares medical students for clerkship and what gaps might remain. METHODS: This qualitative study organized focus groups of third- and fourth-year medical students...
May 4, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727320/creating-a-quality-improvement-course-for-undergraduate-medical-education-practice-what-you-teach
#20
Tamala S Bradham, Kelly C Sponsler, Scott C Watkins, Jesse M Ehrenfeld
PROBLEM: More than half of U.S. medical schools have implemented curricula addressing quality improvement (QI); however, the evidence on which pedagogical methods are most effective is limited. APPROACH: As of January 2015, students at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine are required to take a QI course consisting of three 1-month-long (4 hours per week) blocks during their third or fourth year, in which student-identified faculty sponsors are paired with highly trained QI professionals from Vanderbilt University Medical Center...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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