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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344720/resetting-the-compass-exploring-the-implicit-messages-of-orientation-to-a-community-engaged-medical-school
#1
Rachel Ellaway, Tim Dubé, Gerry Cooper, Lisa Graves
BACKGROUND: Although students' transition into medical school is a critical step in their professional journey, orientation has been relatively under-researched, particularly with regard to its intersections with schools' social missions. This paper reports on a study looking at the implicit messages of orientation to the Northern Ontario School of Medicine's undergraduate program. METHODS: An extended mixed methods study was conducted to look at different aspects of the School's Orientation Week...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344713/exploring-the-experience-of-residents-during-the-first-six-months-of-family-medicine-residency-training
#2
Dawn Martin, Louise Nasmith, Susan Glover Takahashi, Bart J Harvey
BACKGROUND: The shift from undergraduate to postgraduate education signals a new phase in a doctor's training. This study explored the resident's perspective of how the transition from undergraduate to postgraduate (PGME) training is experienced in a Family Medicine program as they first meet the reality of feeling and having the responsibility as a doctor. METHODS: Qualitative methods explored resident experiences using interpretative inquiry through monthly, individual in-depth interviews with five incoming residents during the first six months of training...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344706/the-voluntariat-a-frieirean-framework-to-understand-the-nature-of-undergraduate-international-medical-experiences
#3
Seemi Qaiser, Helen Dimaras, Paul Hamel
Despite literature documenting limited and asymmetrical benefits along with ethical issues, short-term international volunteering is increasingly popular among North American university students as a perceived advantage when applying to professional healthcare schools or the job market. Academic institutions are also encouraging students to pursue international experiences in order to cultivate values as global citizens. These experiences are most typically limited to economically privileged students. Furthermore, international activities in developing countries often lack a pedagogy of social justice and may confirm a simplistic understanding of development...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344697/learning-by-concordance-lbc-introducing-undergraduate-students-to-the-complexity-and-uncertainty-of-clinical-practice
#4
Nicolas Fernandez, Amélie Foucault, Serge Dubé, Diane Robert, Chantal Lafond, Anne-Marie Vincent, Jeannine Kassis, Driss Kazitani, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: A current challenge in medical education is the steep exposure to the complexity and uncertainty of clinical practice in early clerkship. The gap between pre-clinical courses and the reality of clinical decision-making can be overwhelming for undergraduate students. The Learning-by-Concordance (LbC) approach aims to bridge this gap by embedding complexity and uncertainty by relying on real-life situations and exposure to expert reasoning processes to support learning. LbC provides three forms of support: 1) expert responses that students compare with their own, 2) expert explanations and 3) recognized scholars' key-messages...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#5
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342917/science-of-health-care-delivery-as-a-first-step-to-advance-undergraduate-medical-education-a-multi-institutional-collaboration
#6
Stephanie R Starr, Darcy A Reed, Alison Essary, William Hueston, C Daniel Johnson, Natalie Landman, John Meurer, Bonnie Miller, Greg Ogrinc, Elizabeth M Petty, John Raymond, William Riley, Sherine Gabriel, Cheryl Maurana
Physicians must possess knowledge and skills to address the gaps facing the US health care system. Educators advocate for reform in undergraduate medical education (UME) to align competencies with the Triple Aim. In 2014, five medical schools and one state university began collaborating on these curricular gaps. The authors report a framework for the Science of Health Care Delivery (SHCD) using six domains and highlight curricular examples from each school. They describe three challenges and strategies for success in implementing SHCD curricula...
March 22, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341932/-cross-sectional-field-pain-medicine-q14-the-mainz-model-development-of-the-pain-medicine-curriculum-in-the-standard-study-course-at-the-university-medical-school-of-the-johannes-gutenberg-university-mainz
#7
S Kurz, H Buggenhagen, R Schwab, R Laufenberg-Feldmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following the amendment of the Medical Licensure Act (ÄAppO) in 2012, pain medicine was introduced as a mandatory subject for students during undergraduate medical training. Medical schools were required to define and to implement adequate curricular and formal teaching structures based on interdisciplinary and multiprofessional requirements according to the curriculum for pain medicine of the German Pain Society. These aspects were considered in the new interdisciplinary curriculum for pain medicine, the so-called Mainz model...
March 24, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332415/longitudinal-integrated-clerkships-in-the-community
#8
Andy McKeown, Ravi Parekh
Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships (LICs) are beginning to replace traditional short undergraduate rotations in general practice. LIC's differ from traditional rotations in that they are longer, they involve sustained relationships between students, patients and health professionals; and they integrate various strands of medical education. From early development in the US and Australia, LICs are now a fast-growing phenomenon across the world. We present three papers that seek to explain what LICs are, the evidence for their effectiveness and the practicalities of establishing or delivering a longitudinal integrated clerkship...
March 23, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328976/high-school-science-fair-and-research-integrity
#9
Frederick Grinnell, Simon Dalley, Karen Shepherd, Joan Reisch
Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328736/entrustment-decisions-bringing-the-patient-into-the-assessment-equation
#10
Olle Ten Cate
With the increased interest in the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in undergraduate medical education (UME) and graduate medical education (GME) come questions about the implications for assessment. Entrustment assessment combines the evaluation of learners' knowledge, skills, and behaviors with the evaluation of their readiness to be entrusted to perform critical patient care responsibilities. Patient safety, then, should be an explicit component of educational assessments. The validity of these assessments in the clinical workplace becomes the validity of the entrustment decisions...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322509/teaching-medical-students-about-cost-effectiveness
#11
Mark Iscoe, Robert Lord, John Schulz, David Lee, Danelle Cayea, Amit Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Rising and burdensome health care costs have driven interest in the practice of high-value care (HVC) and have inspired calls for increased HVC training across all levels of medical education, including among undergraduate medical students. CONTEXT: Classroom-based HVC curricula targeted to medical students have not been previously described in the medical literature. INNOVATION: We developed and evaluated a workshop comprising a lecture, a small-group exercise and a group discussion to instruct medical students on interpreting cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA), applying CEA to patient care and discussing the cost of care with patients...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318319/medical-student-perceptions-of-the-learning-environment-in-medical-school-change-as-students-transition-to-clinical-training-in-undergraduate-medical-school
#12
Lisette Dunham, Michael Dekhtyar, Gregory Gruener, Eileen CichoskiKelly, Jennifer Deitz, Donna Elliott, Margaret L Stuber, Susan E Skochelak
Phenomenon: The learning environment is the physical, social, and psychological context in which a student learns. A supportive learning environment contributes to student well-being and enhances student empathy, professionalism, and academic success, whereas an unsupportive learning environment may lead to burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism. Student perceptions of the medical school learning environment may change over time and be associated with students' year of training and may differ significantly depending on the student's gender or race/ethnicity...
March 20, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316951/oral-health-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-among-dental-and-medical-students-in-eastern-india-a-comparative-study
#13
Harish Kumar, Shyam Sundar Behura, Sujatha Ramachandra, Roquaiya Nishat, Kailash C Dash, Gouse Mohiddin
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices among dental and medical students in a Health care centre at Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty BDS and MBBS students each from Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences and Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences of KIIT University, Bhubaneswar respectively, were invited to participate in this survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire in English comprising 27 questions, which was designed to evaluate the oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315694/incorporation-of-autopsy-case-based-learning-into-phd-graduate-education-a-novel-approach-to-bridging-the-bench-to-bedside-gap
#14
Erin G Brooks, Joanne M Thornton, Erik A Ranheim, Zsuzsanna Fabry
Given the current rapid expansion of biological knowledge and the challenges of translating that knowledge into clinical practice, finding effective methods of teaching graduate students clinical medicine concepts has become even more critical. The utility of autopsy in medical student and resident education has been well-established. Multiple studies have reported it to be a helpful means of teaching anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical problem-solving skills, and medical diagnostic techniques. While various models of training Ph...
March 15, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314882/a-global-view-of-undergraduate-education-in-pharmacovigilance
#15
Jenny Hartman, Linda Härmark, Eugène van Puijenbroek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain insight in current pharmacovigilance educational activities and to gather information on which topics should be included in the undergraduate pharmacovigilance core curriculum. METHOD: A web-based questionnaire was carried out containing 45 questions divided over four sections between 28 October 2014 and 31 January 2015. Potential participants working in pharmacovigilance and/or providing training in this field were invited via email and a widespread web link and snowball sampling was used to recruit additional participants...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304384/the-contribution-of-ophthalmology-journals-to-undergraduate-medical-education
#16
I Barai, V A Nowak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304001/students-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-anatomy-demonstrations-in-traditional-and-hybrid-undergraduate-medical-education-curricula
#17
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Khalid Ahmed, Ambreen Surti
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique was used and all students were included. The completed questionnaire responses were returned by 92 CMC and 87 HMC students. CMC cohort understood the structural relationship more than HMC (p=0.03). AD helped 50 students (54%) of CMC to get through the theory examination, however 73 (84%) students of HMC found them useful in preparation for theory examinations (p<0...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302151/analysis-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-setq-tool-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#18
Ahmed Al Ansari, Kathryn Strachan, Sumaya Hashim, Sameer Otoom
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical teaching is crucially important for the future of patient care. Robust clinical training therefore is essential to produce physicians capable of delivering high quality health care. Tools used to evaluate medical faculty teaching qualities should be reliable and valid. This study investigates the psychometric properties of modification of the System for Evaluation of Teaching Qualities (SETQ) instrument in the clinical years of undergraduate medical education...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301006/pet-health-as-inducer-of-professional-education-to-unified-health-system
#19
Bárbara Cássia de Santana Farias-Santos, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
PET-Health is configured as a program developed by health courses guided by the principle Unified Health System (SUS), with the preceptorship of a professional from health public service. The aim of the research was to compare the performance between PET-Health undergraduate of Dentistry, Medical and Nursing courses by the results of National Student Performance Exam (ENADE) in 2010 with those who did not participate in the program. The study population consisted of 49,758 students, which 761 participated in PET-Health...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298730/mapping-the-different-methods-adopted-for-diagnostic-imaging-instruction-at-medical-schools-in-brazil
#20
Rubens Chojniak, Dominique Piacenti Carneiro, Gustavo Simonetto Peres Moterani, Ivone da Silva Duarte, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt, Valdair Francisco Muglia, Giuseppe D'Ippolito
OBJECTIVE: To map the different methods for diagnostic imaging instruction at medical schools in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was sent to each of the coordinators of 178 Brazilian medical schools. The following characteristics were assessed: teaching model; total course hours; infrastructure; numbers of students and professionals involved; themes addressed; diagnostic imaging modalities covered; and education policies related to diagnostic imaging...
January 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
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