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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045058/loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-as-an-alternative-to-pcr-a-rapid-on-site-detection-of-gene-doping
#1
Olivier Salamin, Tiia Kuuranne, Martial Saugy, Nicolas Leuenberger
Innovation in medical research has been diverted at multiple occasions to enhance human performance. The predicted great progress in gene therapy has raised some concerns regarding its misuse in the world of sports (gene doping) for several years now. Even though there is no evidence that gene doping has ever been used in sports, the continuous improvement of gene therapy techniques increases the likelihood of abuse. Therefore, since 2004, efforts have been invested by the anti-doping community and WADA for the development of detection methods...
October 17, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035987/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-for-early-stage-lumbar-spondylolysis-in-young-athletes
#2
Masahiro Tsukada, Toshiro Takiuchi, Kota Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on early-stage spondylolysis in young athletes. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: A single outpatient orthopedic and sports clinic. PATIENTS: A total of 82 young athletes (80 boys and 2 girls; mean age, 14.8 years; range, 10-18 years) with early-stage lumbar spondylolysis were enrolled in this study. All patients were examined by plain radiography and magnetic resonance imaging...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035982/comparison-of-the-effect-of-5-different-treatment-options-for-managing-patellar-tendinopathy-a-secondary-analysis
#3
Dafne van Rijn, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Mirjam Steunebrink, Ron L Diercks, Johannes Zwerver, Henk van der Worp
OBJECTIVE: Currently, no treatments exist for patellar tendinopathy (PT) that guarantee quick and full recovery. Our objective was to assess which treatment option provides the best chance of clinical improvement and to assess the influence of patient and injury characteristics on the clinical effect of these treatments. DESIGN: A secondary analysis was performed on the combined databases of 3 previously performed double-blind randomized controlled trials. PATIENTS: In total, 138 patients with PT were included in the analysis...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034802/unraveling-the-mechanisms-of-manual-therapy-modeling-an-approach
#4
Joel E Bialosky, Jason M Beneciuk, Mark D Bishop, Rogelio A Coronado, Charles W Penza, Corey B Simon, Steven Z George
Synopsis Manual therapy interventions are popular among individual healthcare providers and their patients; however, systematic reviews do not strongly support their effectiveness. Small treatment effect sizes of manual therapy interventions may result from a "one size fits all" approach to treatment. Mechanistic based treatment approaches to manual therapy offer an intriguing alternative for identifying patients likely to respond to manual therapy. However, the current lack of knowledge of the mechanisms through which manual therapy interventions inhibit pain limits such an approach...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034800/hip-and-knee-strengthening-is-more-effective-than-knee-strengthening-alone-for-reducing-pain-and-improving-activity-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
Lucas R Nascimento, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela, Ricardo B Souza, Renan A Resende
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background The addition of hip strengthening to knee strengthening for persons with patellofemoral pain has the potential to optimize treatment effects. There is a need to systematically review and pool the current evidence in this area. Objective To examine the efficacy of hip strengthening, associated or not with knee strengthening, to increase strength, reduce pain, and improve activity in individuals with patellofemoral pain. Methods A systematic review of randomized or controlled trials was performed...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034798/intramuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-muscle-activation-of-tibialis-anterior-after-surgical-repair-a-case-report
#6
Sharon Hollis, Philip McClure
Study Design Case report. Background Loss of voluntary activation of musculature can result in muscle weakness. External neuromuscular stimulation can be utilized to improve voluntary activation but is often poorly tolerated because of pain associated with required stimulus level. Intramuscular electrical stimulation requires much lower voltage and may be better tolerated and therefore more effective at restoring voluntary muscle activation. Case Description A 71-year-old male sustained a rupture of the distal attachment of the tibialis anterior tendon...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020061/catching-up-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-compared-to-healthy-children-before-and-after-sensorimotor-therapy
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mats Niklasson, Torsten Norlander, Irene Niklasson, Peder Rasmussen
The aims of the present study were to (a) compare healthy children in terms of sensorimotor maturity to untreated children diagnosed with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and (b) compare healthy children to diagnosed children following completed treatment with sensorimotor therapy. Participants were 298 children, 196 boys and 102 girls, distributed into a Norm group of healthy children (n = 99) and a group of children diagnosed with DCD (n = 199) with a total mean age of 8.77 years (SD = 2.88). Participants in both groups were assessed on instruments aimed to detect sensorimotor deviations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018808/tenogenically-induced-allogeneic-peripheral-blood-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-allogeneic-platelet-rich-plasma-2-year-follow-up-after-tendon-or-ligament-treatment-in-horses
#8
Charlotte Beerts, Marc Suls, Sarah Y Broeckx, Bert Seys, Aurélie Vandenberghe, Jeroen Declercq, Luc Duchateau, Martin A Vidal, Jan H Spaas
Poor healing of tendon and ligament lesions often results in early retirement of sport horses. Therefore, regenerative therapies are being explored as potentially promising treatment for these injuries. In this study, an intralesional injection was performed with allogeneic tenogenically induced mesenchymal stem cells and platelet-rich plasma 5-6 days after diagnosis of suspensory ligament (SL) (n = 68) or superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) (n = 36) lesion. Clinical, lameness and ultrasonographic evaluation was performed at 6 and 12 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992773/clinical-decision-making-in-the-management-of-patients-with-cervicogenic-dizziness-a-case-series
#9
Francis C Jung, Sherin Mathew, Andrew E Littmann, Cameron W MacDonald
Study Design Case series. Background Although growing recognition of cervicogenic dizziness (CGD) is emerging, there is still no "gold standard" for the diagnosis of CGD. The purpose of this case series is to describe the clinical decision making utilized in the management of seven patients presenting with CGD. Case Descriptions Patients presenting with neck pain and accompanying subjective symptoms including dizziness, unsteadiness, lightheadedness, and visual disturbance were selected. Clinical evidence of a temporal relationship between neck pain and dizziness with or without sensorimotor disturbances was sought...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992770/influence-of-demographic-and-utilization-of-physical-therapy-interventions-on-clinical-outcomes-and-revision-rates-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#10
Caitlin J Miller, Jesse C Christensen, Ryan D Burns
Study Design Retrospective cohort from Intermountain Healthcare system Jan 2007-Dec 2014. Background Recent evolutions in healthcare delivery are putting physical therapists in the forefront to be more responsible for providing high-quality rehabilitation care within a more cost-effective manner. Studies investigating the association between physical therapy (PT) visit utilization and outcomes in vulnerable patient populations following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) may provide useful insights...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990444/progress-in-the-full-text-publication-rate-of-orthopaedic-and-sport-physical-therapy-abstracts-presented-at-the-american-physical-therapy-association-s-combined-sections-meeting
#11
Stuart J Warden, Jacquelyn M Fletcher, Rick G Barker, Elizabeth A Guildenbecher, Colleen E Gorkis, William R Thompson
Study Design Descriptive study. Background Professional meetings, such as the American Physical Therapy Association's (APTA's) Combined Sections Meeting (CSM), provide forums for sharing information. However, it was reported that only one-quarter of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy abstracts presented at the CSM between 2000 and 2004 went on to full-text publication. This low conversion rate raises a number of concerns regarding the full dissemination of work within the profession. Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the full-text publication rate of work presented in abstract form at subsequent CSMs and investigate factors influencing the rate...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990149/management-of-arrhythmias-in-athletes-atrial-fibrillation-premature-ventricular-contractions-and-ventricular-tachycardia
#12
REVIEW
Ernest Lai, Eugene H Chung
Management of atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular contractions, and ventricular tachycardia without underlying cardiac disease or arrhythmogenic conditions differs in athletes from the general population. Athletes tend to be younger, healthier individuals with few comorbidities. Therapies that work well in the general population may not be appropriate or preferable for athletes. Management strategies include deconditioning, pharmacologic therapy, such as rate control with β-blockers or non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers and rhythm control with class I or class III antiarrhythmic drugs, and catheter ablation...
October 9, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987072/adult-use-of-complementary-and-integrative-approaches-to-improve-athletic-performance
#13
Marion Willard Evans, Harrison Ndetan, Vishaldeep Ka Sekhon, Ronald Williams, Brittney Oliver, Michael Perko, Conrad Woolsey, Karan P Singh
Context • In the United States in 2007, approximately 38% of adults, or 4 in 10, used some form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). An area in which little is known is the personal integration of CAM therapies by those individuals seeking to improve athletic performance. Objectives • The study intended to assess the use of integrative care by adult athletes in the United States as well as their satisfaction with it, as reported in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Design • A secondary analysis of the data from the Adult Alternative Health/Complementary Medicine file of the 2012 NHIS was performed...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986000/the-effect-of-light-emitting-diode-590-830%C3%A2-nm-based-low-level-laser-therapy-on-posttraumatic-edema-of-facial-bone-fracture-patients
#14
Woo Yeol Baek, Il Hwan Byun, In Sik Yun, Jae Yoon Kim, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew, Young Seok Kim
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients may interfere with the operation field and delay the schedule. Thus, swiftly reducing the edema alleviates patient discomfort and advances the operation date. Ice packing and compression bandages are often used for such a purpose, but such methods are often inconvenient for the face. In this study, we aim to analyze the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) (590/830 nm)-based low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980210/photobiomodulation-therapy-improves-acute-inflammatory-response-in-mice-the-role-of-cannabinoid-receptors-atp-sensitive-k-channel-p38-mapk-signalling-pathway
#15
Laís M S Neves, Elaine C D Gonçalves, Juliana Cavalli, Graziela Vieira, Larissa R Laurindo, Róli R Simões, Igor S Coelho, Adair R S Santos, Alexandre M Marcolino, Maíra Cola, Rafael C Dutra
Although photobiomodulation therapy (PBM) has been applied clinically for the treatment of pain and inflammation, wound healing, sports and soft tissue injuries, as well as to repair injured spinal cords and peripheral nerves, it remains unclear which molecular substrates (receptor) are implicated in the cellular mechanisms of PBM. Here, we reported that PBM (660 nm, 30 mW, 0.06 cm(2), 50 J/cm(2), plantar irradiation) significantly inhibited carrageenan-induced paw oedema, but not noxious thermal response, through positive modulation to both CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors...
October 4, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969949/variability-and-comprehensiveness-of-north-american-online-available-physical-therapy-protocols-following-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-and-labral-repair
#16
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Vincent Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Derek Chan, Ira Zaltz, Shane J Nho, Eric C Makhni
PURPOSE: To assess comprehensiveness and variability of postoperative physical therapy protocols published online following hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and/or labral repair. METHODS: Surgeons were identified by the International Society for Hip Arthroscopy "Find a Surgeon" feature in North America (http://www.isha.net/members/, search August 10, 2016). Exclusion criteria included nonsurgeons and protocols for conditions other than hip arthroscopy for FAI and/or labral tear...
September 29, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967338/lumbar-spine-osteomyelitis-in-an-adolescent-girl-with-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#17
Christopher M Wall, Mark V Paterno, Peter F Sturm
A 13-year-old adolescent girl presented to the emergency department with low back pain of acute onset after bending forward. Lumbar spine radiographs were taken and found to be unremarkable, and the patient was referred to physical therapy. Following examination, the patient was referred to her physician for a suspected nonmechanical cause. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment revealed L3-4 discitis, with osteomyelitis extending into the adjacent right iliopsoas muscle. Further testing and bone biopsy confirmed osteomyelitis...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943009/midterm-and-long-term-follow-up-in-competitive-athletes-undergoing-thoracic-outlet-decompression-for-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#18
William Shutze, Brad Richardson, Ryan Shutze, Kimberly Tran, Allen Dao, Gerald O Ogola, Allan Young, Greg Pearl
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) results from compression of the brachial plexus by the clavicle, first rib, and scalene muscles and may develop secondary to repetitive motion of the upper extremity. Athletes routinely perform repetitive motions, and sports requiring significant arm and shoulder use may put the participant at increased risk for NTOS. Competitive athletes who develop NTOS may require first rib resection and scalenectomy (FRRS) for symptomatic relief...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935680/cardiac-events-during-competitive-recreational-and-daily-activities-in-children-and-adolescents-with-long-qt-syndrome
#19
Kristina D Chambers, Virginie Beausejour Ladouceur, Mark E Alexander, Robyn J Hylind, Laura Bevilacqua, Douglas Y Mah, Vassilios Bezzerides, John K Triedman, Edward P Walsh, Dominic J Abrams
BACKGROUND: The 2005 Bethesda Conference Guidelines advise patients with long QT syndrome against competitive sports. We assessed cardiac event rates during competitive and recreational sports, and daily activities among treated long QT syndrome patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long QT syndrome patients aged ≥4 years treated with anti-adrenergic therapy were included. Demographics included mechanism of presentation, corrected QT interval pretreatment, symptom history, medication compliance, and administration of QT-prolonging medications...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931987/enhancement-of-motor-skill-learning-by-a-combination-of-ideal-model-observation-and-self-observation
#20
Hitomi Nishizawa, Teiji Kimura
[Purpose] In sports physical therapy, video of a patient's movement or of a skilled model's movement has been used as observational learning methods for injury prevention and movement modification. Positive effects of model video observation have been reported. This study aimed to clarify the effect on motor skill learning using a combination of model-observation and self-observation, which is thought to act as an enhanced method for active error detection by comparing model-observation and self-observation alone for acquisition of correct sports movement...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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