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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645960/efficacy-of-adding-a-physiotherapy-rehabilitation-programme-to-arthroscopic-management-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-a-randomised-controlled-trial-fair
#1
Kim L Bennell, Libby Spiers, Amir Takla, John O'Donnell, Jessica Kasza, David J Hunter, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVES: Although several rehabilitation programmes following hip arthroscopy for femoracetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome have been described, there are no clinical trials evaluating whether formal physiotherapy-prescribed rehabilitation improves recovery compared with self-directed rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adding a physiotherapist-prescribed rehabilitation programme to arthroscopic surgery for FAI syndrome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#2
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639450/-bilateral-congenital-multiple-pigmented-vitreous-cysts-in-a%C3%A2-three-year-old-girl-ten-years-follow-up
#3
J Štěpánková, M Hósová, D Dotřelová
The authors present a case report of a three-year-old female patient with bilateral multiple anterior vitreous cysts. During examination for intermittent esotropia of the right eye was diagnosed not only hypermetropia, astigmatism and anisometropia, but also pigmented changes in peripheral retrolental space of both eyes. Clinical examination under general anaesthesia revealed bilateral multiple pigmented immobile vitreous cysts. There were five almost spherical, translucent, but slightly pigmented cysts on its cover on the right eye and four similar on the left, but visible only with dilated pupils...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630733/return-to-running-after-arthroscopic-hip-surgery-literature-review-and-proposal-of-a-physical-therapy-protocol
#4
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Joy Anderson, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Robyn Thompson-Etzel, Omer Mei-Dan, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
The number of hip arthroscopy procedures has significantly increased in the last several years, thereby necessitating individualized rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy and to describe a new protocol specifically designed for patients to return to running following hip arthroscopy. A search of PubMed was performed through October 2016 to locate studies of rehabilitation protocols for patients wishing to return to sport/general activity following hip arthroscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629957/chemical-hand-warmer-packet-ingestion-a-case-of-elemental-iron-exposure
#5
Jessica L Weiland, Leighanne K Sherrow, Deepak A Jayant, Kenneth D Katz
For individuals who work outdoors in the winter or play winter sports, chemical hand warmers are becoming increasingly more commonplace because of their convenience and effectiveness. A 32-year-old woman with a history of chronic pain and bipolar disorder presented to the emergency department complaining of a "warm sensation" in her mouth and epigastrium after reportedly ingesting the partial contents of a chemical hand warmer packet containing between 5 and 8 g of elemental iron. She had been complaining of abdominal pain for approximately 1 month and was prescribed unknown antibiotics the previous day...
June 16, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622749/general-exercise-does-not-improve-long-term-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#6
Alexandra Griffin, Andrew Leaver, Niamh Moloney
Study Design Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Background General exercise, defined as purposeful physical activity involving repetitive exercises, and incorporating multiple muscle groups, is frequently used in the management of whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Evidence supporting its efficacy is not well established. Objectives To determine whether general exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in people with WAD. Methods Studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and May 2015 were eligible if they evaluated a general exercise intervention compared with a different intervention or control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618868/appropriate-use-criteria-for-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-the-united-states
#7
Arup K Bhadra, Roy Altman, Vinod Dasa, Karen Myrick, Jeffrey Rosen, Vijay Vad, Peter Vitanzo, Michelle Bruno, Hillary Kleiner, Caryn Just
OBJECTIVE: A workgroup of clinical experts has developed an Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the use of hyaluronic acid (HA) in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. The increasingly broad and varied use of HA injections, lack of published clinical guidance, and limited coverage for their use has created the imperative to establish appropriateness criteria. METHODS: The experts of this workgroup represent rheumatology, orthopedic surgery, physiatry, sports medicine, and nursing clinicians with substantive knowledge of intra-articular HA therapy...
July 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617653/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-taping-techniques-on-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#8
Catherine A Logan, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Ashley J Tisosky, Daniel B Haber, Anna Jorgensen, Adam Roy, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Taping is commonly used in the management of several musculoskeletal conditions, including patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Specific guidelines for taping are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of knee taping in the management of PFPS. Our hypothesis was that tension taping and exercise would be superior to placebo taping and exercise as well as to exercise or taping alone. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Source, and CINAHL databases were reviewed for English-language randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of various taping techniques that were published between 1995 and April 2015...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613407/school-mental-healthcare-services-using-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-young-male-athletes-in-japan
#9
Ryo Sekizaki, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Chieko Takano, Chie Yoshida, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Yutaka Ono, Masafumi Mizuno
AIM: Preventive intervention and treatment using internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) can be easily administered to school students, as they are quite familiar with internet tools. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and contribution of iCBT to mental healthcare in a school setting. METHODS: Eighty Japanese high school boys who were participating in a sports specialist course were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to either the iCBT intervention group or the control group...
June 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610776/two-stage-late-reconstruction-with-a-fresh-large-osteochondral-shell-allograft-transplantation-flocsat-for-a-large-ostechondral-defect-in-a-non-union-after-a-lateral-tibia-plateau-fracture-2-year-follow-up
#10
C Krettek, J Clausen, M Omar, S Noack, C Neunaber
This is the description of a 58-year-old female patient presenting 8 months after a horse riding accident with significant pain and inability to walk independently. Imaging revealed a large osseous defect of the lateral tibia plateau which was not united posteriorly. The patient refused knee replacement and we developed a patient specific two-step procedure for her. Step 1: Filling of the defect with a large cortico-cancellous autograft from the posterior iliac crest; step 2: Transplantation of a fresh large osteochondral shell allograft (FLOCSAT)...
May 17, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610536/triceps-ruptures-after-fluoroquinolone-antibiotics-a-report-of-2-cases
#11
Theodore B Shybut, Ernest R Puckett
Rupture of the triceps brachii tendon is exceedingly rare, and surgical repair is generally indicated. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics have been implicated in tendon pathology, including tendon ruptures. Triceps rupture has not been previously reported in the setting of fluoroquinolone antibiotic therapy. We present 2 cases of triceps tendon rupture after treatment with fluoroquinolones. In both cases, triceps repair was performed with good outcomes. These cases highlight a risk of fluoroquinolone-induced tendinopathy to athletes...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607764/chronic-medial-instability-of-the-elbow
#12
REVIEW
Felix H Savoie, Michael O'Brien
Damage to the medial collateral ligament of the elbow from an instability episode usually heals with non-operative treatment. In some cases, residual instability may occur, leading to functional impairment.Non-operative management can be successful when bracing, taping and therapy are used to stabilise the elbow.A recent report detailing the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma in effectively treating ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries in throwers has shown promise. However, there remain specific groups that should be considered for repair or reconstruction...
January 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590374/return-to-sport-after-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#13
Travis J Dekker, Jonathan A Godin, Kevin M Dale, William E Garrett, Dean C Taylor, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft failure and contralateral ACL tears are more frequent in children and adolescents than adults. The reasons for higher subsequent injury rates in this population are incompletely understood. METHODS: We analyzed a continuous cohort of patients who were <18 years of age. Subjects underwent isolated, primary ACL reconstruction with autograft between 2006 and January 1, 2014, and had a minimum 2-year follow-up. Return-to-sport characteristics were described, and multivariable Cox regression modeling was used to identify predictors of a second ACL injury...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589160/flexion-posteroanterior-radiographs-affect-both-enrollment-for-and-outcomes-after-injection-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
Maximilian A Meyer, Timothy S Leroux, David M Levy, Annemarie K Tilton, Paul B Lewis, Adam B Yanke, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: Knee injection therapy is less effective for severe osteoarthritis (OA), specifically Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade 4. Patient selection for knee injection trials has historically been based on extension anteroposterior (AP) radiographic evaluation; however, emerging evidence suggests that KL grading using a flexion posteroanterior (PA) radiograph more accurately and reproducibly predicts disease severity. The impact of radiographic view on patient selection and outcome after knee injection therapy remains unknown...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582871/global-yet-incomplete-overview-of-cohort-studies-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Sebastian Heinzel, Stefanie Lerche, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by heterogeneity and multifactorial longitudinal changes. To identify PD subtypes and factors influencing the disease course, multiple cohort studies have been designed globally. Knowledge about existing cohorts is pivotal to foster collaboration, which may help to advance the understanding of PD. OBJECTIVE: To raise the awareness about PD cohorts and potential global collaboration opportunities. METHODS: Observational cohort studies in clinical PD were identified by a European working group (JPND BioLoC-PD) and through literature search...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581692/examining-the-effects-of-rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt-on-performance-outcomes-in-elite-paralympic-athletes
#16
Andrew G Wood, Jamie B Barker, Martin Turner, David Sheffield
Traditionally a psychotherapeutic intervention, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is receiving increasing attention within the extant literature as an intervention to enhance the athletic performance and psychological wellbeing of competitive athletes. Whilst the benefits of REBT on psychological health are established, less is understood about the effects on athletic performance. The present study aimed to examine the immediate and maintained effects of REBT on physiological, psychological, and performance outcomes with elite Paralympic athletes...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578328/gene-and-cell-doping-the-new-frontier-beyond-myth-or-reality
#17
Elmo W I Neuberger, Perikles Simon
The advent of gene transfer technologies in clinical studies aroused concerns that these technologies will be misused for performance-enhancing purposes in sports. However, during the last 2 decades, the field of gene therapy has taken a long and winding road with just a few gene therapeutic drugs demonstrating clinical benefits in humans. The current state of gene therapy is that viral vector-mediated gene transfer shows the now long-awaited initial success for safe, and in some cases efficient, gene transfer in clinical trials...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569522/exercise-motivation-and-nonspecific-back-pain-a-comparison-of-patients-and-nonpatients
#18
Jens Kleinert, Ida Ott, Tobias Mierswa, Claudia G Levenig, Kerstin Wenge, Monika Hasenbring, Michael Kellmann
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is a key variable to consider during exercise or exercise therapy of individuals with back pain. Based on organismic integration theory, this study aims to improve the understanding of exercise motivation in patients and nonpatients by evaluating the relationships between typical motivational profiles and personal characteristics, therapy parameters and pain related variables. METHOD: One hundred nine women and 145 men with back pain (mean age 33...
June 1, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566053/hip-pain-and-mobility-deficits-hip-osteoarthritis-revision-2017
#19
Michael T Cibulka, Nancy J Bloom, Keelan R Enseki, Cameron W Macdonald, Judith Woehrle, Christine M McDonough
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to hip pain and mobility deficits...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566052/buttock-pain-and-sciatica-caused-by-a-femoral-osteochondroma
#20
Olaoye A Akinyemi, Lance M Mabry, Sonja I Dardenelle
A 26-year-old woman was referred to physical therapy with lower back pain extending into the right buttock. Palpation of the right buttock revealed a firm, immobile mass of considerable size, which the patient identified as her locus of symptoms. Due to the noted palpable mass, her pain, her inability to sit normally, and the longevity of symptoms, the physical therapist ordered radiographs, which identified multiple osteochondromas. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(6):442. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.6877.
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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