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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723858/maternal-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-hospital-based-case-control-study-in-wuhan-china
#1
Zhihua Wan, Aifen Zhou, Huiping Zhu, Xiaofang Lin, Dan Hu, Songxu Peng, Bin Zhang, Yukai Du
GOALS: To examine the impact of maternal hepatitis B virus infection on pregnancy outcomes. BACKGROUND: Studies regarding hepatitis B virus infection and pregnancy outcomes are limited with inconsistent results, and none of them have evaluated the effect of maternal viral load in pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes. STUDY: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted. In total, 1728 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive women who delivered consecutively at Wuhan Women and Children Medical and Healthcare Center, Wuhan, China, from June 2008 to May 2015, were compared with 1497 HBsAg-negative women giving birth in the same hospital during the same period who were randomly identified and selected from the computerized medical record database in parallel...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721634/minimally-invasive-abdominal-cerclage-compared-to-laparotomy-a-comparison-of-surgical-and-obstetric-outcomes
#2
Soorin Kim, Amanda Hill, Gulden Menderes, Sarah Cross, Masoud Azodi, Mert Ozan Bahtiyar
The objective of this study is to report surgical and obstetric outcomes of patients following abdominal cerclage placement through either minimally invasive or open techniques. Subjects of this retrospective cohort study were patients at two referral centers specializing in high-risk pregnancy and minimally invasive gynecologic surgery. Electronic medical records of all patients who underwent abdominal cerclage placement between December 2011 and December 2015 at Yale New Haven Hospital and Bridgeport Hospital were reviewed...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721465/growth-of-children-born-to-renal-transplanted-women
#3
M Isabel S Dinelli, Erika Ono, Patrícia O Viana, Amélia M N Dos Santos, M Isabel de Moraes-Pinto
Neonates born to transplanted mothers are exposed to immunosuppressive drugs during gestation and have a higher risk of being born prematurely and small for gestational age than the general population. We have prospectively followed up 27 children born to renal transplanted mothers from a single center and 31 healthy children born at term with adequate weight for gestational age. Comparisons of weight and length measurements were made at birth, 1 month (±0.9), 3 months (±1.0), 6 months (±1.0), 9 months (±1...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721142/maternal-lipids-associated-with-large-for-gestational-age-birth-weight-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-a-prospective-single-center-study
#4
Paweł Gutaj, Ewa Wender-Ożegowska, Jacek Brązert
INTRODUCTION: Despite improvement in diabetes care over the years, the incidence of macrosomia in type 1 diabetic mothers is still very high and even shows an increasing tendency. It is suggested that other factors that maternal hyperglycemia might be associated with excessive fetal growth in diabetic mothers. The aim of this study was to determine whether maternal lipids might contribute to high rates of large-for-gestational-age (LGA) newborns in women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective, single-center study was performed in a population of women with T1DM admitted to the perinatal center for women with diabetes...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720492/prevention-of-congenital-chagas-disease-by-benznidazole-pre-treatment-in-reproductive-age-women-an-observational-study
#5
María G Álvarez, Carlos Vigliano, Bruno Lococo, Graciela Bertocchi, Rodolfo Viotti
Since the decline in new cases of infection by insect/vector, congenital Chagas disease has become more relevant in the transmission of Chagas disease. Treatment with benznidazole significantly reduces the parasitemia, which constitutes an important factor linked to vertical transmission. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether treatment with benznidazole previously administered to women of childbearing age can prevent or reduce the incidence of new cases of congenital Chagas disease. An historical cohort study that included all women in reproductive age (15-45 years) assisted in our center was designed...
July 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720014/the-impact-of-intrauterine-treatment-on-fetal-tachycardia-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#6
Keiko Ueda, Yasuki Maeno, Takekazu Miyoshi, Noboru Inamura, Motoyoshi Kawataki, Mio Taketazu, Masaki Nii, Akiko Hagiwara, Hitoshi Horigome, Makio Shozu, Wataru Shimizu, Satoshi Yasukochi, Hitoshi Yoda, Isao Shiraishi, Heima Sakaguchi, Shinji Katsuragi, Haruhiko Sago, Tomoaki Ikeda
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical course of fetal tachycardia and analyze the impact of intrauterine treatment on the postnatal treatment and patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of cases of fetal tachycardia that occurred from 2004 to 2006. Data were collected from questionnaires that were sent to all 750 secondary or tertiary perinatal care centers in Japan. RESULTS: Eighty-two cases (14 with fetal hydrops) were analyzed (supraventricular tachycardia [SVT], n = 52; atrial flutter [AFL], n = 23; and ventricular tachycardia, n = 7)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719774/a-secular-trend-in-birth-weight-and-delivery-practices-in-periurban-vietnam-during-2005-2012
#7
Duc Minh Duong, Anh Duy Nguyen, Chuong Canh Nguyen, Vui Thi Le, Son Ngoc Hoang, Ha Thi Thu Bui
The remarkable increase in Vietnamese economic conditions can increase the birth weight in neonates and better delivery practices among women. The Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System started in 2004. An open cohort of data consisting of about 57 561 people from 17 993 households has been followed primarily with respect to demography, economy, and education. The aim of this research is to study secular trends in delivery practice and birth weight in the past decade (2005-2012) in Chi Linh...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719421/lifelong-estradiol-exposure-and-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-during-the-transition-to-menopause-and-postmenopause
#8
Wendy K Marsh, Joyce T Bromberger, Sybil L Crawford, Katherine Leung, Howard M Kravitz, John F Randolph, Hadine Joffe, Claudio N Soares
OBJECTIVE: Depression risk increases during the menopausal transition (MT) and initial postmenopausal years-both times of significant fluctuations of estrogen. Research to date provides limited support for the hypothesis that estrogen fluctuations play a role in the greater susceptibility to midlife depression. Importantly, not all women report depressive symptoms during the MT, and recent reports suggest that duration of exposure to estradiol throughout the adult years may also play a role in vulnerability to depression...
July 17, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718080/a-comparison-of-live-birth-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-between-cryopreserved-oocytes-and-cryopreserved-embryos
#9
Jacqueline R Ho, Irene Woo, Kristin Louie, Wael Salem, Sami I Jabara, Kristin A Bendikson, Richard J Paulson, Karine Chung
PURPOSE: Prior studies suggest that pregnancy outcomes after autologous oocyte cryopreservation are similar to fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. It is unknown whether there are differences in pregnancy and perinatal outcomes between cryopreserved oocytes and cryopreserved embryos. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing pregnancy and perinatal outcomes between oocyte and embryo cryopreservation at a university-based fertility center. We included 42 patients and 68 embryo transfers in patients who underwent embryo transfer after elective oocyte preservation (frozen oocyte-derived embryo transfer (FOET)) from 2005 to 2015...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717131/lactobacillus-acidophilus-bifidobacterium-infantis-probiotics-are-associated-with-increased-growth-of-vlbwi-among-those-exposed-to-antibiotics
#10
Christoph Härtel, Julia Pagel, Juliane Spiegler, Janne Buma, Philipp Henneke, Michael Zemlin, Dorothee Viemann, Christian Gille, Stephan Gehring, David Frommhold, Jan Rupp, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel
We performed an observational study with very-low-birth weight infants (VLBWI) ≤33 weeks of gestation born in centers of the German Neonatal Network (GNN; (total n = 8534, n = 6229 received probiotics). The primary objectives of our study were (a) to assess the effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus/Bifidobacterium infantis probiotics on growth in VLBWI during primary stay in hospital and (b) to determine whether this effect is modified by antibiotic exposure. In linear regression models the administration of probiotics was independently associated with improved weight gain [g/d; effect size B = 0...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716146/interactive-weekly-mobile-phone-text-messaging-plus-motivational-interviewing-in-promotion-of-breastfeeding-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Moleen Zunza, Mark F Cotton, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Richard Lester, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: South Africa recently phased out access to free formula milk in the public sector in support of breastfeeding for women living with HIV. Few women living with HIV in South Africa choose breastfeeding and among those who do, many stop breastfeeding early. We sought to explore the feasibility of using mobile phone text messaging coupled with motivational interviewing to enhance adherence to breastfeeding practices. METHODS AND DESIGN: A randomized, parallel group, single-center pilot trial...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715527/screening-criteria-for-ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#12
Andrea A Zin, Irena Tsui, Julia Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Kristina Adachi, Stephanie Valderramos, Umme-Aiman Halai, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Mitsue S Aibe, Ana Carolina C da Costa, Olivia A Zin, Rubens Belfort, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Importance: Current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations for infants with microcephaly or laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection but not for all infants potentially exposed to Zika virus in utero. Objective: To evaluate eye findings in a cohort of infants whose mothers had polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this descriptive case series performed from January 2 through October 30, 2016, infants were examined from birth to 1 year of age by a multidisciplinary medical team, including a pediatric ophthalmologist, from Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Ministry of Health referral center for high-risk pregnancies and infectious diseases in children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715387/a-modified-trier-social-stress-test-for-vulnerable-mexican-american-adolescents
#13
Megan M Johnson, Julianna Deardorff, Kimberly Parra, Abbey Alkon, Brenda Eskenazi, Elizabeth Shirtcliff
The Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) is a well validated and widely used social stressor that has been shown to induce a 2-4 fold increase in cortisol, the biological output produced by the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis in humans. While studies have explored how modifications to the TSST influence stress responsivity, few studies have created a modified TSST appropriate for vulnerable youth that elicits a significant cortisol stress response. Thus, the current study sought to modify or adjust the TSST in a culturally sensitive way for a vulnerable sample of 14 year-old adolescents...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714492/estimated-fetal-weight-comparison-of-clinical-versus-ultrasound-estimate
#14
A Joshi, O B Panta, B Sharma
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of fetal weight is of paramount importance in the management of labour and delivery. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted over a period of 6 months in a tertiary care teaching hospital. All singleton term mothers with cephalic presentation and intact membranes with ultrasound examination done within a week were included in the study. IUFD, multiple gestation, malpresentation, diagnosed oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios, pelvic and or abdominal masses, and current weight more than 80 Kgs were excluded from the study...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712519/contemporary-outcomes-of-infants-with-gastroschisis-in-north-america-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#15
Brenna S Fullerton, Cristine S Velazco, Eric A Sparks, Kate A Morrow, Erika M Edwards, Roger F Soll, Biren P Modi, Jeffrey D Horbar, Tom Jaksic
OBJECTIVE: To quantify outcomes and analyze factors predictive of morbidity and mortality in infants with gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical data regarding neonates with gastroschisis born between 2009 and 2014 were prospectively collected at 175 North American centers. Multivariate regression was used to assess risk factors for mortality and length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: Gastroschisis was diagnosed in 4420 neonates with median birth weight 2410 g (IQR 2105-2747)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711963/transfer-of-neonates-with-critical-congenital-heart-disease-within-a-regionalized-network
#16
Michael F Swartz, Jill M Cholette, Jennifer M Orie, Marshall L Jacobs, Jeffrey P Jacobs, George M Alfieris
Regionalization of pediatric cardiac surgical care varies between and within states. In most geographic regions, at least some neonates with critical heart disease are transferred from their birth hospital to a different hospital for surgery. The impact of neonatal transfer for surgery, particularly over a considerable distance (>10 miles), has been largely unexplored. We sought to examine the impact of transferring neonates for cardiac surgery. We queried the New York State Cardiac Surgery database (2005-2014) from a single institution to identify neonates born within the cardiac surgery center and those transferred for surgery...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711893/-incidence-of-adverse-medical-events-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-with-the-help-of-a-global-trigger-tool
#17
Марина Н Фастовец, Андрей И Белорус, Виктор П Лысак, Лариса С Зюзина, Елена М Ковалева
INTRODUCTION: Identification and monitoring of the frequency of adverse medical events are important in the organization of the patient's safety system in the intensive care units (ICU). The consistent and accurate identification of adverse events remains a problem for most medical institutions, even in developed countries of the world. AIM: To determine the frequency of adverse medical events in the NICU by using Global and Pediatric Trigger Instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To achieve the goal, the cross-sectional study was conducted in which in retrospect analyzed 160 newborn development records which were treated in the ICU of the newborn in the perinatal center of the M...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711408/biochemical-characteristics-of-newborns-with-carnitine-transporter-defect-identified-by-newborn-screening-in-california
#18
N M Gallant, K Leydiker, Y Wilnai, C Lee, F Lorey, L Feuchtbaum, H Tang, J Carter, G M Enns, S Packman, H J Lin, W R Wilcox, S D Cederbaum, J E Abdenur
Carnitine transporter defect (CTD; also known as systemic primary carnitine deficiency; MIM 212140) is due to mutations in the SLC22A5 gene and leads to extremely low carnitine levels in blood and tissues. Affected individuals may develop early onset cardiomyopathy, weakness, or encephalopathy, which may be serious or even fatal. The disorder can be suggested by newborn screening. However, markedly low newborn carnitine levels can also be caused by conditions unrelated to CTD, such as the low carnitine levels often associated with normal pregnancies and some metabolic disorders occurring in the mother...
July 8, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709162/late-onset-sepsis-in-extremely-premature-infants-2000-2011
#19
Rachel G Greenberg, Sarah Kandefer, Barbara T Do, P Brian Smith, Barbara J Stoll, Edward F Bell, Waldemar A Carlo, Abbot R Laptook, Pablo J Sánchez, Seetha Shankaran, Krisa P Van Meurs, M Bethany Ball, Ellen C Hale, Nancy S Newman, Abhik Das, Rosemary D Higgins, C Michael Cotten
BACKGROUND: Late-onset sepsis (LOS) is an important cause of death and neurodevelopmental impairment in premature infants. The purpose of this study was to assess overall incidence of LOS, distribution of LOS-causative organisms and center variation in incidence of LOS for extremely premature infants over time. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of infants 401-1000 g birth weight and 22-28 6/7 weeks of gestational age born at 12 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network centers in the years 2000-2005 (era 1) or 2006-2011 (era 2) who survived >72 hours, we compared the incidence of LOS and pathogen distribution in the 2 eras using the χ test...
August 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708975/short-term-costs-of-preeclampsia-to-the-united-states-health-care-system
#20
Warren Stevens, Tiffany Shih, Devin Incerti, Thanh G N Ton, Henry C Lee, Desi Peneva, George A Macones, Baha M Sibai, Anupam B Jena
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality and adverse neonatal outcomes. Little is known about the extent of the health and cost burden of preeclampsia in the United States. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to quantify the annual epidemiological and health care cost burden of preeclampsia to both mothers and infants in the United States in 2012. STUDY DESIGN: We used epidemiological and econometric methods to assess the annual cost of preeclampsia in the United States using a combination of population-based and administrative data sets: the National Center for Health Statistics Vital Statistics on Births, the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative Databases, the US Health Care Cost and Utilization Project database, and a commercial claims data set...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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