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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630737/mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-hip-osteoarthritis
#1
Rodrigo Mardones, Claudio M Jofré, L Tobar, José J Minguell
This study was performed to investigate the safety and efficacy of the intra-articular infusion of ex vivo expanded autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC) to a cohort of patients with articular cartilage defects in the hip. The above rationale is sustained by the notion that MSCs express a chondrocyte differential potential and produce extracellular matrix molecules as well as regulatory signals, that may well contribute to cure the function of the damaged hip joint. A cohort of 10 patients with functional and radiological evidences of hip osteoarthritis, either in one or both legs, was included in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604846/identification-of-active-components-in-yixinshu-capsule-with-protective-effects-against-myocardial-dysfunction-on-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-by-an-integrative-approach
#2
Minyu Zhang, Hongwei Wu, Feifei Guo, Yangyang Yu, Junying Wei, Ya Geng, Shifeng Wang, Shiyou Li, Hongjun Yang
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations have significant effects on some refractory diseases; however, these compositions are complex and their mechanisms are unknown. Identification of the active components in these preparations is essential. The mortality rate for heart failure (HF) has been increasing in recent years, and myocardial dysfunction (MD) has been proved to be the pathological basis of HF. Yixinshu Capsule (YXSC) is a multi-component oral drug with therapeutic effects on HF. However, the key active components are still unclear...
June 12, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595116/the-unique-spliceosome-signature-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-is-mediated-by-snrpa1-snrpd1-and-pnn
#3
Young-Dae Kim, Jungwoon Lee, Han-Seop Kim, Mi-Ok Lee, Mi-Young Son, Chae Hwa Yoo, Jung-Kyun Choi, Sang Chul Lee, Yee Sook Cho
Spliceosomes are the core host of pre-mRNA splicing, allowing multiple protein isoforms to be produced from a single gene. Herein, we reveal that spliceosomes are more abundant in human pluripotent stem cells (hPSs), including human embryonic stem cells (hESs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSs), than non-hPSs, and their presence is associated with high transcriptional activity. Supportively, spliceosomal components involved in the catalytically active pre-mRNA splicing step were mainly co-localized with hPS spliceosomes...
May 30, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578007/sensitivity-of-hips-derived-neural-stem-cells-nsc-to-pyrroloquinoline-quinone-depends-on-their-developmental-stage
#4
J Augustyniak, J Lenart, M Zychowicz, G Lipka, P Gaj, M Kolanowska, P P Stepien, L Buzanska
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a factor influencing on the mitochondrial biogenesis. In this study the PQQ effect on viability, total cell number, antioxidant capacity, mitochondrial biogenesis and differentiation potential was investigated in human induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) - derived: neural stem cells (NSC), early neural progenitors (eNP) and neural progenitors (NP). Here we demonstrated that sensitivity to PQQ is dependent upon its dose and neural stage of development. Induction of the mitochondrial biogenesis by PQQ at three stages of neural differentiation was evaluated at mtDNA, mRNA and protein level...
May 31, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577706/biologic-options-for-articular-cartilage-wear-platelet-rich-plasma-stem-cells-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate
#5
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Jorge Chahla, Robert F LaPrade, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
Biological treatments for articular cartilage repair have gained in popularity in the past decade. Advantages of these therapies include minimal invasiveness, improved healing time, and faster recovery. Biological therapies for cartilage repair include platelet-rich plasma, bone marrow aspirate concentrate, and cell-based therapies. These methods have the added benefit of containing growth factors and/or stem cells that aid in recovery and regeneration. The purpose of this article is to review the current cartilage treatment options and the existing literature on outcomes, complications, and safety profile of these products for use in the knee and hip joints...
July 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574591/bone-marrow-adipocytes-support-haematopoietic-stem-cell-survival
#6
Domenico Mattiucci, Giulia Maurizi, Valerio Izzi, Lorenzo Cenci, Marco Ciarlantini, Stefania Mancini, Emanuela Mensà, Raffaele Pascarella, Marco Vivarelli, Attilio Olivieri, Pietro Leoni, Antonella Poloni
In bone marrow (BM), haematopoietic elements are mingled with adipocytes (BM-A), which are the most abundant stromal component in the niche. BM-A progressively increase with ageing, eventually occupying up to 50% of BM cavities. In this work, the role played by BM-A was explored by studying primary human BM-A isolated from hip surgery patients at the molecular level, through microarray analysis, and at the functional level, by assessing their relationship with primary human haematopoietic stem cells (HSC) by the long-term culture initiating cell (LTC-IC) assay...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521025/mechanism-of-as2o3-induced-action-potential-prolongation-and-using-hips-cms-to-evaluate-the-rescue-efficacy-of-drugs-with-different-rescue-mechanism
#7
Meng Yan, Lifang Feng, Yanhui Shi, Junnan Wang, Yan Liu, Fengmei Li, Baoxin Li
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has been verified as a breakthrough in the management of acute promyelocytic leukemia in recent decades. However, cardiotoxicity, especially long QT syndrome (LQTS) has become the most important issue during As2O3 treatment. The characterized mechanisms behind this adverse effect are inhibition of cardiac hERG channel trafficking and increase of cardiac calcium currents. In our study, we found a new pathway underlying As2O3-induced cardiotoxicity that As2O3 accelerates lysosomal degradation of hERG on plasma membrane after using brefeldin A (BFA) to block protein trafficking...
May 17, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505164/human-decellularized-bone-scaffolds-from-aged-donors-show-improved-osteoinductive-capacity-compared-to-young-donor-bone
#8
Christopher A Smith, Tim N Board, Paul Rooney, Mark J Eagle, Stephen M Richardson, Judith A Hoyland
To improve the safe use of allograft bone, decellularization techniques may be utilized to produce acellular scaffolds. Such scaffolds should retain their innate biological and biomechanical capacity and support mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) osteogenic differentiation. However, as allograft bone is derived from a wide age-range, this study aimed to determine whether donor age impacts on the ability an osteoinductive, acellular scaffold produced from human bone to promote the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501647/application-of-optical-action-potentials-in-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-derived-cardiomyocytes-to-predict-drug-induced-cardiac-arrhythmias
#9
H R Lu, M P Hortigon-Vinagre, V Zamora, I Kopljar, A De Bondt, D J Gallacher, G Smith
INTRODUCTION: Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs) are emerging as new and human-relevant source in vitro model for cardiac safety assessment that allow us to investigate a set of 20 reference drugs for predicting cardiac arrhythmogenic liability using optical action potential (oAP) assay. METHODS: Here, we describe our examination of the oAP measurement using a voltage sensitive dye (Di-4-ANEPPS) to predict adverse compound effects using hiPS-CMs and 20 cardioactive reference compounds...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491099/induction-of-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-a-manifesting-carrier-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-and-characterization-of-their-x-inactivation-status
#10
Yuko Miyagoe-Suzuki, Takashi Nishiyama, Miho Nakamura, Asako Narita, Fusako Takemura, Satoru Masuda, Narihiro Minami, Kumiko Murayama, Hirofumi Komaki, Yu-Ichi Goto, Shin'ichi Takeda
Three to eight percent of female carriers of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) develop dystrophic symptoms ranging from mild muscle weakness to a rapidly progressive DMD-like muscular dystrophy due to skewed inactivation of X chromosomes during early development. Here, we generated human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from a manifesting female carrier using retroviral or Sendai viral (SeV) vectors and determined their X-inactivation status. Although manifesting carrier-derived iPS cells showed normal expression of human embryonic stem cell markers and formed well-differentiated teratomas in vivo, many hiPS clones showed bi-allelic expression of the androgen receptor (AR) gene and loss of X-inactivation-specific transcript and trimethyl-histone H3 (Lys27) signals on X chromosomes, suggesting that both X chromosomes of the hiPS cells are in an active state...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481220/mrna-mediated-glycoengineering-ameliorates-deficient-homing-of-human-stem-cell-derived-hematopoietic-progenitors
#11
Jungmin Lee, Brad Dykstra, Joel A Spencer, Laurie L Kenney, Dale L Greiner, Leonard D Shultz, Michael A Brehm, Charles P Lin, Robert Sackstein, Derrick J Rossi
Generation of functional hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) from human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) has been a long-sought-after goal for use in hematopoietic cell production, disease modeling, and eventually transplantation medicine. Homing of HSPCs from bloodstream to bone marrow (BM) is an important aspect of HSPC biology that has remained unaddressed in efforts to derive functional HSPCs from human PSCs. We have therefore examined the BM homing properties of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived HSPCs (hiPS-HSPCs)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461922/bone-grafts-bone-graft-extenders-substitutes-and-enhancers-for-acetabular-reconstruction-in-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
REVIEW
Luca Pierannunzii, Luigi Zagra
Acetabular bone loss is a relevant concern for surgeons dealing with a failed total hip arthroplasty.Since the femoral head is no longer available, allografts represent the first choice for most reconstructive solutions, either as a structural buttress or impacted bone chips.Even though fresh-frozen bone is firmly recommended for structural grafts, freeze-dried and/or irradiated bone may be used alternatively for impaction grafting. Indeed, there are some papers on freeze-dried or irradiated bone impaction grafting, but their number is limited, as is the number of cases...
December 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423718/itraq-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-yamanaka-factors-reprogrammed-breast-cancer-cells
#13
Kun Wang, Zhiyan Shan, Lian Duan, Tiantian Gong, Feng Liu, Yue Zhang, Zhendong Wang, Jingling Shen, Lei Lei
Cancer cells had been developed to be reprogrammed into embryonic stem like cells by induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) technology, however, the tumor differentiation/dedifferentiation mechanisms had not yet been analyzed on a genome-wide scale. Here, we inserted the four stem cell transcription factor genes OCT4, SOX2, C-MYC and KLF4 into MCF cells (MCFs), represented a female breast cancer cell type, and obtained iPSCs (Mcfips) in about 3 weeks. By using the LC MS/MS iTRAQ technology, we analyzed the proteomic changes between MCFs and Mcfips...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420864/insulin-growth-factor-1-protects-neural-stem-cells-against-apoptosis-induced-by-hypoxia-through-akt-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-akt-mapk-erk-pathway-in-hypoxia-ishchemic-encephalopathy
#14
Bing Zhao, Zebao Zheng
BACKGROUND Insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is reported to modulate cell growth and acts as potential therapy for traumatic brain injury. This study was designed to investigate the effect of IGF-1 on hypoxia-induced apoptosis in neural stem cells (NSCs). MATERIAL AND METHODS A hypoxia model was constructed using NSCs separated from the hippocampus of rat. NSCs were divided into four groups: cells under normoxic conditions that acted as controls (C group), cells under hypoxia (H group), cells under hypoxia with IGF-1 (HI group), and cells under hypoxia with IGF-1 as well as picropodophyllin (PPP), which acts as an inhibitor of the IGF-1 receptor (HIP group)...
April 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395796/derivation-of-human-ips-cell-lines-from-monozygotic-twins-in-defined-and-xeno-free-conditions
#15
Elias Uhlin, Harriet Rönnholm, Kelly Day, Malin Kele, Kristiina Tammimies, Sven Bölte, Anna Falk
Human induced pluripotent stem (hiPS) cell lines CTRL-9-II and CTRL-10-I were derived from healthy monozygotic twin donors using non-integrating RNA based Sendai virus reprogramming and cultured in a xeno-free chemically defined condition. The established hiPS cell lines, CTRL-9-II and CTRL-10-I, are karyotypically normal, free from reprogramming vectors, display endogenously expression of pluripotency factors at levels similar to embryonic stem cells. The generated iPS cell lines demonstrate pluripotency by passing bioinformatics assay PluriTest and by embryonic body assay...
January 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395738/a-feeder-and-xeno-free-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-line-obtained-from-primary-human-dermal-fibroblasts-with-epigenetic-repression-of-reprogramming-factors-expression-gpcci001-a
#16
Michał Stefan Lach, Joanna P Wroblewska, Ewelina Augustyniak, Katarzyna Kulcenty, Wiktoria Maria Suchorska
The primary human dermal fibroblasts (PHDFs) from breast cancer patient were obtained to generate the human induced pluripotent stem cell line GPCCi001-A via lentiviral transfection. Thus, a modified EF1a-hSTEMCCA-loxP with tetO operator which regulates transgene expression was used. This method takes advantage of epigenetic regulation of transcription and allows for stable silencing of the reprogramming factors in obtained hiPS cells. To increase the potential utility of hiPSCs for clinical applications, they were adapted to feeder- and xeno-free conditions...
April 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351853/pharmaceutical-characterization-of-tropomyosin-receptor-kinase-b-agonistic-antibodies-on-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-hips-cell-derived-neurons
#17
Stefanie Traub, Heiko Stahl, Holger Rosenbrock, Eric Simon, Lore Florin, Lisa Hospach, Stefan Hörer, Ralf Heilker
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a central modulator of neuronal development and synaptic plasticity in the central nervous system. This renders the BDNF-modulated tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) a promising drug target to treat synaptic dysfunctions. Using GRowth factor-driven expansion and INhibition of NotCH (GRINCH) during maturation, the so-called GRINCH neurons were derived from human-induced pluripotent stem cells. These GRINCH neurons were used as model cells for pharmacologic profiling of two TrkB-agonistic antibodies, hereafter referred to as AB2 and AB20 In next-generation sequencing studies, AB2 and AB20 stimulated transcriptional changes, which extensively overlapped with BDNF-driven transcriptional modulation...
June 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340154/irradiation-strongly-reduces-tumorigenesis-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#18
Shoki Inui, Kazumasa Minami, Emiko Ito, Hiromasa Imaizumi, Seiji Mori, Masahiko Koizumi, Satsuki Fukushima, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yoshiki Sawa, Nariaki Matsuura
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have demonstrated they can undergo self-renewal, attain pluripotency, and differentiate into various types of functional cells. In clinical transplantation of iPS cells, however, a major problem is the prevention of tumorigenesis. We speculated that tumor formation could be inhibited by means of irradiation. Since the main purpose of this study was to explore the prevention of tumor formation in human iPS (hiPS) cells, we tested the effects of irradiation on tumor-associated factors such as radiosensitivity, pluripotency and cell death in hiPS cells...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326353/in-vitro-osteogenic-capacity-of-bone-marrow-mscs-from-postmenopausal-women-reflect-the-osseointegration-of-their-cementless-hip-stems
#19
Jessica J Alm, Niko Moritz, Hannu T Aro
Age-related dysfunction of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) is suggested as a main cause of altered bone repair with aging. We recently showed that in postmenopausal women undergoing cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) aging, low bone mineral density (BMD) and age-related geometric changes of the proximal femur are risk factors for increased early migration and delayed osseointegration of the femoral stems. Extending these analyses, we have here explored how the in vitro osteogenic capacity of bone marrow MSCs from these patients reflects implant osseointegration, representing the patient's in vivo bone healing capacity...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321048/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-power-frequency-magnetic-fields-on-the-electrical-activity-of-cardiomyocytes-differentiated-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#20
Masayuki Takahashi, Atsushi Saito, Yasuhiko Jimbo, Satoshi Nakasono
Although cardiac activity is known to differ between species in many respects, most evaluations of the cardiac effects of low-frequency electric and magnetic fields, which have a stimulant effect on electrically activated cells, have been performed in non-human experimental animals and cells, and the effects in humans have been assessed using theoretical models. In recent years, it has been verified that human cardiomyocytes differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPS-CM) are useful for evaluating human responses to various cardioactive compounds...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
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