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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208795/reliable-identi%C3%AF-cation-of-vehicle-boarding-actions-based-on-fuzzy-inference-syste
#1
DaeHan Ahn, Homin Park, Seokhyun Hwang, Taejoon Park
Existing smartphone-based solutions to prevent distracted driving suffer from inadequate system designs that only recognize simple and clean vehicle-boarding actions, thereby failing to meet the required level of accuracy in real-life environments. In this paper, exploiting unique sensory features consistently monitored from a broad range of complicated vehicle-boarding actions, we propose a reliable and accurate system based on fuzzy inference to classify the sides of vehicle entrancebyleveragingbuilt-insmartphonesensorsonly...
February 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173894/deconstructing-the-performance-of-everyday-activities-a-case-in-dementia
#2
Clarissa M Giebel, Daniela Montaldi
BACKGROUND: The assessment of everyday functioning in dementia is currently very global and in most cases fails to provide an in-depth overview of specific areas of deficits. Every activity comprises different sub-tasks which may be impaired to different degrees. Performance of some sub-tasks might be maintained and could thus be the foundation for remaining independent for longer. Thus, the objective of this study was to explore the benefits of breaking down everyday activities into sub-tasks...
February 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166872/investigating-the-impact-of-static-roadside-advertising-on-drivers-situation-awareness
#3
Kristie L Young, Amanda N Stephens, David B Logan, Michael G Lenné
Roadside advertising has the potential to create a crash risk for drivers as it may distract attention from driving at critical times. In an on-road instrumented vehicle study, we examined if and how static advertising billboards affect drivers' situation awareness across different driving environments. Nineteen fully licensed drivers drove an instrumented vehicle around a 38 km urban test route comprising freeway, busy urban retail and arterial road sections. The route contained a number of static billboards...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095026/self-regulation-of-driving-speed-among-distracted-drivers-an-application-of-driver-behavioural-adaptation-theory
#4
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Md Mazharul Haque, Mark King, Simon Washington
OBJECTIVE: The adaptive behaviour of mobile phone distracted drivers has been a topic of much discussion in the recent literature. Both simulator and naturalistic studies suggests that distracted drivers generally select lower driving speeds; however, speed adaptation is not observed among all drivers, and the mechanisms of speed selection are not well understood. The aim of this research was to apply a driver behavioural adaptation model to investigate the speed adaptation of mobile phone distracted drivers...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081433/what-s-the-law-got-to-do-with-it-legislation-regarding-in-vehicle-technology-use-and-its-impact-on-driver-distraction
#5
Katie J Parnell, Neville A Stanton, Katherine L Plant
Legislation in the road transport domain aims to control safety on the roads. Despite this, a critical issue affecting road safety is that of driver distraction. Although poorly defined, distraction is a significant road safety issue which, in part, is caused by the prevalence of technology within vehicles. Legislation surrounding the use of in-vehicle technologies are explored in this paper from a socio-technical system perspective. This reveals the wider context of the road transport system operating under the current laws using an Accimap analysis...
March 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024203/constructing-a-publically-available-distracted-driving-database-and-research-tool
#6
Paul Atchley, Ashleigh V Tran, Mohammad Ali Salehinejad
BACKGROUND: The goal of the current work was to create a publicly available visualization tool of distracted driving research, the purpose of which is to allow the public and other stakeholders to empirically inform questions of their choice that may bear on policy discussions. METHODS: Fifty years of distracted driving research was used to design a comprehensive database of studies that evaluated the effects of distraction on driving performance. Distraction sources (e...
February 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013142/preventing-distracted-driving-among-college-students-addressing-smartphone-use
#7
Sahar Hassani, Erin H Kelly, Jennifer Smith, Sara Thorpe, Fatima H Sozzer, Paul Atchley, Elroy Sullivan, Dean Larson, Lawrence C Vogel
Based on the National Highway Traffic Safety Association's (NHTSA) Report, fatalities due to distracted driving are on the rise and the highest proportion of fatalities by age group is the 20-29 year old category. To date little has been done to educate college students about the dangers of distracted driving and engage these students in promoting a safe driving culture. Intervening among college students has the potential for making real-time behavior change, can foster a lifetime of safe driving habits among these students, and can help contribute to a culture of safe driving that can be created and sustained through positive messages from peers...
February 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909391/visual-behavior-differences-in-drivers-across-the-lifespan-a-digital-billboard-simulator-study
#8
Despina Stavrinos, Peyton R Mosley, Shannon M Wittig, Haley D Johnson, John S Decker, Virginia P Sisiopiku, Sharon C Welburn
Driver distraction is implicated in a significant portion of motor vehicle collisions; evidence has suggested that billboards can contribute to such distraction, but many knowledge gaps remain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various types of billboards (static, 250-foot digital transition, 500-foot digital transition, and a control [no billboard] condition) and age group (teen, middle, and older) on visual behavior through the use of a driving simulator. To address gaps in the existing literature, the effects of age group and billboard type on the following visual attention variables were considered: percent of time participants looked at billboards, average glance length, number of glances, and glance pattern activity...
August 2016: Transportation Research. Part F, Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890120/influence-of-lane-departure-warnings-onset-and-reliability-on-car-drivers-behaviors
#9
J Navarro, J Deniel, E Yousfi, C Jallais, M Bueno, A Fort
Lane departures represent an important cause of road crashes. The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of an auditory Lane Departure Warning System (LDWS) for partial and full lane departures (onset manipulation) combined with missed warnings (reliability manipulation: 100% reliable, 83% reliable and 66% reliable) on drivers' performances and acceptance. Several studies indicate that LDWS improves drivers' performances during lane departure episodes. However, little is known about the effects of the warning onset and reliability of LDWS...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828882/get-the-message-a-teen-distracted-driving-program
#10
Ruth Adeola, Ashleigh Omorogbe, Abree Johnson
Elimination of distracted driving is becoming a public health priority. Each day, an average of 8 people are killed due to a distracted driver in the United Sates. Although all drivers are at risk, research has indicated that teenage drivers are overrepresented in motor vehicle crashes due to distracted driving. Teenage drivers are hindered by limited driving experience, and the illusion of invincibility is a common phase in social and cognitive adolescent development. "Get the Message: A Teenage Distracted Driving Program" was established at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center to identify, define, and measure the factors that contribute to distracted driving in teens...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801822/driver-distraction-using-visual-based-sensors-and-algorithms
#11
REVIEW
Alberto Fernández, Rubén Usamentiaga, Juan Luis Carús, Rubén Casado
Driver distraction, defined as the diversion of attention away from activities critical for safe driving toward a competing activity, is increasingly recognized as a significant source of injuries and fatalities on the roadway. Additionally, the trend towards increasing the use of in-vehicle information systems is critical because they induce visual, biomechanical and cognitive distraction and may affect driving performance in qualitatively different ways. Non-intrusive methods are strongly preferred for monitoring distraction, and vision-based systems have appeared to be attractive for both drivers and researchers...
October 28, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747544/texting-while-driving-the-development-and-validation-of-the-distracted-driving-survey-and-risk-score-among-young-adults
#12
Regan W Bergmark, Emily Gliklich, Rong Guo, Richard E Gliklich
BACKGROUND: Texting while driving and other cell-phone reading and writing activities are high-risk activities associated with motor vehicle collisions and mortality. This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of the Distracted Driving Survey (DDS) and score. METHODS: Survey questions were developed by a research team using semi-structured interviews, pilot-tested, and evaluated in young drivers for validity and reliability. Questions focused on texting while driving and use of email, social media, and maps on cellular phones with specific questions about the driving speeds at which these activities are performed...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745876/evaluation-of-the-small-nail-drive-technology-and-behavior-in-situ
#13
L H Dünnweber, R Rödl, G Gosheger, F M Schiedel
Although clear advances have been made during the last 5 years, practical difficulties persist for patients and surgeons in procedures for intramedullary lengthening of long bones. In particular, precise adjustment of the desired amount of lengthening and technically reliable checking of the length actually achieved are problematic. An intramedullary nail with a new type of drive that exploits the shape memory effect has been constructed. The drive technology and the behavior of the intramedullary nail in situ were evaluated in a cadaver experiment...
October 10, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738279/minimum-required-attention-a-human-centered-approach-to-driver-inattention
#14
Katja Kircher, Christer Ahlstrom
OBJECTIVE: To propose a driver attention theory based on the notion of driving as a satisficing and partially self-paced task and, within this framework, present a definition for driver inattention. BACKGROUND: Many definitions of driver inattention and distraction have been proposed, but they are difficult to operationalize, and they are either unreasonably strict and inflexible or suffer from hindsight bias. METHOD: Existing definitions of driver distraction are reviewed and their shortcomings identified...
October 13, 2016: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716494/mechanisms-behind-distracted-driving-behavior-the-role-of-age-and-executive-function-in-the-engagement-of-distracted-driving
#15
Caitlin Northcutt Pope, Tyler Reed Bell, Despina Stavrinos
Performing secondary tasks, such as texting while driving, is associated with an increased risk of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). While cognitive processes, such as executive function, are involved in driving, little is known about the relationship between executive control and willingness to engage in distracted driving. This study investigated the relationship between age, behavioral manifestations of executive function, and self-reported distracted driving behaviors. Executive difficulty (assessed with the BRIEF-A) as well as demographics (age and gender) was considered as possible predictors of engagement in distracted driving behaviors...
January 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695663/adolescent-cellphone-use-while-driving-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-promising-future-directions-for-prevention
#16
M Kit Delgado, Kathryn J Wanner, Catherine McDonald
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death in adolescents, and drivers aged 16-19 are the most likely to die in distracted driving crashes. This paper provides an overview of the literature on adolescent cellphone use while driving, focusing on the crash risk, incidence, risk factors for engagement, and the effectiveness of current mitigation strategies. We conclude by discussing promising future approaches to prevent crashes related to cellphone use in adolescents. Handheld manipulation of the phone while driving has been shown to have a 3 to 4-fold increased risk of a near crash or crash, and eye glance duration greater than 2 seconds increases crash risk exponentially...
June 16, 2016: Media and Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690839/preventable-injuries-fatalities-due-to-distracted-driving-a-call-for-a-coordinated-action
#17
Karen Bowman, Robyn D Robertson
In the past decade, distracted driving has emerged as one of the most prominent global road safety concerns. The singular and combined efforts of many organizations, such as Drop It And Drive (DIAD) and the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF), have identified the need for partnerships, shared information, and access to interpretable research findings to guide decision making and to identify effective strategies to reduce, if not eliminate, preventable injuries/fatalities from distracted driving, including whiplash-associated disorders...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690167/age-dependent-distractor-suppression-across-the-vision-and-motor-domain
#18
Carmel Mevorach, Mayra Muller Spaniol, Matthew Soden, Joseph M Galea
The ability to inhibit distracting information-distractor suppression-is a fundamental process for the visual and motor systems. Whereas aging is typically linked to a general decline in cognitive processing, a specific impairment in distractor suppression is found during visual attention tasks. Despite this, the effect of aging on a human's capacity to inhibit distracting information during a motor task is currently unknown. Therefore, we tested the ability of young and older adults to inhibit distracting information during a visual attention (global-local) and a motor (reaching) task...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661403/driving-under-the-influence-of-distraction-examining-dissociations-between-risk-perception-and-engagement-in-distracted-driving
#19
Michael A Rupp, Marc D Gentzler, Janan A Smither
Driving while distracted is a critical and unwavering problem in the United States leading to numerous injuries and fatalities each year. While increasing legislation and developing technological interventions strive to ensure we only focus on driving, individuals still drive distracted. We surveyed college-aged adults to examine the factors that influence both their risk perception of driving while distracted and how often they engage in distracting activities and situations while driving. We found a disassociation between individuals' perception of driving distraction risk and their engagement with the distraction...
December 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634839/-i-wasn-t-texting-i-was-just-reading-an-email-%C3%A2-a-qualitative-study-of-distracted-driving-enforcement-in-washington-state
#20
Paul E Nevin, Laura Blanar, Annie Phare Kirk, Amy Freedheim, Robert Kaufman, Laura Hitchcock, Jennifer D Maeser, Beth E Ebel
BACKGROUND: In response to the rise of distracted driving, many countries and most US states have adopted laws to restrict the use of handheld phones for drivers. Specific provisions of each law and the overall social mores of distracted driving influence enforceability and impact. OBJECTIVES: Identify multilevel interdependent factors that influence distracted driving enforcement through the perspective of police officers. DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions with active duty law enforcement officers from three large Washington State counties...
September 15, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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