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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723735/driver-distraction-by-smartphone-use-whatsapp-in-different-age-groups
#1
C Ortiz, S Ortiz-Peregrina, J J Castro, M Casares-López, C Salas
This paper investigates the effect that texting with WhatsApp, one of the most common applications for instant messaging, exerts on driving performance. Because distracted driving also affects older drivers, who can have seriously compromised vision, we also analysed the associations between visual-function parameters and driving performance. A total of 75 drivers, experienced in sending WhatsApp messages (≥10WhatsApp messages/week), participated in this study and were divided into four age categories. Visual-function tests included contrast sensitivity with and without glare, retinal straylight and objective assessment of optical quality...
April 30, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704947/drowsiness-measures-for-commercial-motor-vehicle-operations
#2
Amy R Sparrow, Cynthia M LaJambe, Hans P A Van Dongen
Timely detection of drowsiness in Commercial Motor Vehicle (C MV) operations is necessary to reduce drowsiness-related CMV crashes. This is relevant for manual driving and, paradoxically, even more so with increasing levels of driving automation. Measures available for drowsiness detection vary in reliability, validity, usability, and effectiveness. Passively recorded physiologic measures such as electroencephalography (EEG) and a variety of ocular parameters tend to accurately identify states of considerable drowsiness, but are limited in their potential to detect lower levels of drowsiness...
April 25, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672096/legitimacy-versus-morality-why-do-the-chinese-obey-the-law
#3
Jingkang Gao, Jinhua Zhao
This study explored two aspects of the rule of law in China: (1) motivations for compliance with 4 groups of everyday laws and regulations and (2) determinants of the legitimacy of legal authorities. We applied a structural equations model, constructed from Tyler's conceptual process-based self-regulation model with morality added as a motivation, to online questionnaire responses from 1,000 Shanghai drivers. We explored the compliance with four particular groups of laws: public disturbance; conventional traffic laws; illegal downloading; and distracted driving...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656076/is-improved-lane-keeping-during-cognitive-load-caused-by-increased-physical-arousal-or-gaze-concentration-toward-the-road-center
#4
Penghui Li, Gustav Markkula, Yibing Li, Natasha Merat
Driver distraction is one of the main causes of motor-vehicle accidents. However, the impact on traffic safety of tasks that impose cognitive (non-visual) distraction remains debated. One particularly intriguing finding is that cognitive load seems to improve lane keeping performance, most often quantified as reduced standard deviation of lateral position (SDLP). The main competing hypotheses, supported by current empirical evidence, suggest that cognitive load improves lane keeping via either increased physical arousal, or higher gaze concentration toward the road center, but views are mixed regarding if, and how, these possible mediators influence lane keeping performance...
April 12, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652523/attitudes-on-technological-social-and-behavioral-economic-strategies-to-reduce-cellphone-use-while-driving-in-teens
#5
M Kit Delgado, Catherine C McDonald, Flaura K Winston, Scott D Halpern, Alison M Buttenheim, Claudia Setubal, Yanlan Huang, Kathryn A Saulsgiver, Yi-Ching Lee
OBJECTIVE: The majority of U.S. teens admit to handheld cellphone use while driving, an increasingly common cause of crashes. Attitudes towards novel cellphone applications and settings that block use while driving are poorly understood, potentially limiting uptake. We examined teens' willingness to reduce cellphone use while driving and perceptions of potential strategies to limit this behavior. METHODS: Teen drivers (n = 153) aged 16-17 who owned smartphones and admitted to texting while driving completed an online survey...
April 13, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619153/epidemiology-of-handheld-cell-phone-use-while-driving-a-study-from-a-south-indian-city
#6
Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi, A S AiswaryaLakshmi
Background: Using cell phones while driving contribute to distractions which can potentially cause minor or major road traffic injuries and also stress among other drivers. With this background, the study was done to ascertain the proportion of handheld cell phone use while driving among road users in Mysore city and also patterns of the use by the day of week, type of road, and type of vehicle. Methods: The study was conducted in Mysore, Karnataka, India. Four stretches of roads were observed thrice daily for 1 week...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609806/the-impact-of-driver-distraction-in-tractor-trailers-and-motorcoach-buses
#7
Rebecca L Hammond Olson, Susan A Soccolich, Richard J Hanowski
Driver distraction has become an increasing concern over the last decade as portable technology has emerged and its presence while driving has become more common. Driver distraction occurs when inattention leads to a delay in recognition of information necessary to accomplish the driving task. Two recent studies were conducted using a naturalistic data collection method and analysis of driver distraction. The Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Distraction study (Olson et al., 2009) was conducted using heavy truck data, and the Distraction and Drowsiness in Motorcoach Drivers study (Hammond et al...
March 30, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584496/evaluating-drugged-driving-effects-of-exemplar-pain-and-anxiety-medications
#8
Timothy L Brown, Gary Milavetz, Gary Gaffney, Andrew Spurgin
OBJECTIVE: Distracted and drug-influenced driving presents a major risk for traffic safety morbidity and mortality. As part of an ongoing research program, we examined the effects of a commonly prescribed combination of medications for pain relief: alprazolam, a benzodiazepine, and a hydrocodone preparation, a combination opiate and acetaminophen, on a simulated driving protocol. METHODS: Utilizing a within-subjects design, we recruited 8 healthy experienced drivers without major physical and psychological histories...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584476/advanced-driver-assistance-systems-for-teen-drivers-teen-and-parent-impressions-perceived-need-and-intervention-preferences
#9
Eve Weiss, Megan Fisher Thiel, Nahida Sultana, Chloe Hannan, Thomas Seacrist
OBJECTIVE: From the advent of airbags to electronic stability control, technological advances introduced into automobile design have significantly reduced injury and death from motor vehicle crashes. These advances are especially pertinent among teen drivers, a population whose leading cause of death is motor vehicle crashes. Recently developed advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) have the potential to compensate for skill deficits and reduce overall crash risk. Yet, ADAS is only effective if drivers are willing to use it...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583076/how-do-adolescents-affected-by-cancer-experience-a-hospital-environment
#10
Kimberly Peeters, Pleuntje Jellema, Margo Annemans, Ann Heylighen
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a transition period involving complex development processes. A life-threatening disease like cancer jeopardizes this development and often exposes adolescents to hospital environments that are unadjusted to them. Despite growing research on how the physical environment affects the well-being of the (child as) patient, adolescents are often overlooked. We investigated how adolescents experience a hospital stay and how the physical environment influences that experience...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571975/asleep-at-the-automated-wheel-sleepiness-and-fatigue-during-highly-automated-driving
#11
Tobias Vogelpohl, Matthias Kühn, Thomas Hummel, Mark Vollrath
Due to the lack of active involvement in the driving situation and due to monotonous driving environments drivers with automation may be prone to become fatigued faster than manual drivers (e.g. Schömig et al., 2015). However, little is known about the progression of fatigue during automated driving and its effects on the ability to take back manual control after a take-over request. In this driving simulator study with Nö=ö60 drivers we used a three factorial 2ö×ö2ö×ö12 mixed design to analyze the progression (12ö×ö5ömin; within subjects) of driver fatigue in drivers with automation compared to manual drivers (between subjects)...
March 20, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562565/driving-after-brain-injury-does-dual-task-modality-matter
#12
Kayci L Vickers, Maria T Schultheis, Kevin J Manning
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality technology allows neuropsychologists to examine complex, real-world behaviors with high ecological validity and can provide an understanding of the impact of demanding dual-tasks on driving performance. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a task imposing high cognitive and physical demands (coin-sorting) would result in the greatest reduction in driving maintenance performance. METHODS: Twenty participants with acquired brain injury and 28 healthy controls were included in the current study...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550613/drivers-overtaking-bicyclists-an-examination-using-naturalistic-driving-data
#13
Fred Feng, Shan Bao, Robert C Hampshire, Michael Delp
This paper demonstrates a unique and promising approach to study driver-bicyclist interactions from a driver's perspective by using in-vehicle sensory data from naturalistic driving studies. A total of 4789 events of drivers overtaking bicyclists were extracted from an existing naturalistic driving study in Michigan, United States. The vehicle lateral placement at the time of passing bicyclists was used as a surrogate safety measure. A number of factors were examined, including the lane marking type, the presence of a bike lane or paved shoulder, the presence of traffic, lane width, and driver distraction...
March 15, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549771/naturalistic-study-on-the-usage-of-smartphone-applications-among-finnish-drivers
#14
Tuomo Kujala, Jakke Mäkelä
We present results from a naturalistic study that tracked how Finnish drivers use their smartphones while on the move. We monitored 30 heavy in-car smartphone users in Finland during June-September 2016, recording the times that they used their phones, the application used at the time of touch (calls excluded), the location and driving speed. Touches per time unit were used as a proxy for estimating visual-manual distraction due to visual-manual tasks. Our data set allows the determining of whether drivers use their phones differently on varying road types (highway, main road, local rural road, urban road)...
March 14, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544135/a-trial-of-retrofitted-advisory-collision-avoidance-technology-in-government-fleet-vehicles
#15
James P Thompson, Jamie R R Mackenzie, Jeffrey K Dutschke, Matthew R J Baldock, Simon J Raftery, John Wall
In-vehicle collision avoidance technology (CAT) has the potential to prevent crash involvement. In 2015, Transport for New South Wales undertook a trial of a Mobileye 560 CAT system that was installed in 34 government fleet vehicles for a period of seven months. The system provided headway monitoring, lane departure, forward collision and pedestrian collision warnings, using audio and visual alerts. The purpose of the trial was to determine whether the technology could change the driving behaviour of fleet vehicle drivers and improve their safety...
March 12, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544134/association-between-mobile-phone-traffic-volume-and-road-crash-fatalities-a-population-based-case-crossover-study
#16
Claudio Gariazzo, Massimo Stafoggia, Silvia Bruzzone, Armando Pelliccioni, Francesco Forastiere
Use of mobile phones while driving is known to cause crashes with possible fatalities. Different habits of mobile phone use might be distracting forces and display differential impacts on accident risk; the assessment of the relative importance is relevant to implement prevention, mitigation, and control measures. This study aimed to assess the relationship between the use of mobile phones at population level and road crash fatalities in large urban areas. Data on road crashes with fatalities were collected from seven Italian metropolitan areas and matched in time and space with high resolution mobile phone traffic volume data about calls, texts, Internet connections and upload/download data...
March 12, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529397/what-are-the-factors-that-contribute-to-road-accidents-an-assessment-of-law-enforcement-views-ordinary-drivers-opinions-and-road-accident-records
#17
Jonathan J Rolison, Shirley Regev, Salissou Moutari, Aidan Feeney
What are the main contributing factors to road accidents? Factors such as inexperience, lack of skill, and risk-taking behaviors have been associated with the collisions of young drivers. In contrast, visual, cognitive, and mobility impairment have been associated with the collisions of older drivers. We investigated the main causes of road accidents by drawing on multiple sources: expert views of police officers, lay views of the driving public, and official road accident records. In Studies 1 and 2, police officers and the public were asked about the typical causes of road traffic collisions using hypothetical accident scenarios...
March 9, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501681/what-makes-the-hedonic-experience-of-a-meal-in-a-top-restaurant-special-and-retrievable-in-the-long-term-meal-related-social-and-personality-factors
#18
Francisco Muñoz, Andrea Hildebrandt, Annekathrin Schacht, Birgit Stürmer, Felix Bröcker, Manuel Martín-Loeches, Werner Sommer
Knowing what makes a top gastronomy experience unique and retrievable in the long term is of interest for scientific and economic reasons. Recent attempts to isolate predictors of the hedonic evaluation of food have afforded several factors, such as individual and social attributes, or liking/disliking profiles. However, in these studies relevant variables have been examined in isolation without an integrative perspective. Here we investigated 80 guests enjoying a 23-course meal in a top gastronomy restaurant, in groups of four...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489421/voluntary-and-involuntary-distraction-engagement-an-exploratory-study-of-individual-differences
#19
Huei-Yen Winnie Chen, Liberty Hoekstra-Atwood, Birsen Donmez
Objective The aim of this study was to explore individual differences in voluntary and involuntary driver-distraction engagement. Background Distractions may stem from intentional engagement in secondary tasks (voluntary) or failing to suppress non-driving-related stimuli or information (involuntary). A wealth of literature has examined voluntary distraction; involuntary distraction is not particularly well understood. Individual factors, such as age, are known to play a role in how drivers engage in distractions...
February 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479310/theta-and-alpha-oscillations-in-attentional-interaction-during-distracted-driving
#20
Yu-Kai Wang, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Chin-Teng Lin
Performing multiple tasks simultaneously usually affects the behavioral performance as compared with executing the single task. Moreover, processing multiple tasks simultaneously often involve more cognitive demands. Two visual tasks, lane-keeping task and mental calculation, were utilized to assess the brain dynamics through 32-channel electroencephalogram (EEG) recorded from 14 participants. A 400-ms stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) factor was used to induce distinct levels of attentional requirements. In the dual-task conditions, the deteriorated behavior reflected the divided attention and the overlapping brain resources used...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
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