keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

distracted driving

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719829/detection-of-driver-engagement-in-secondary-tasks-from-observed-naturalistic-driving-behavior
#1
Mengqiu Ye, Osama A Osman, Sherif Ishak, Bita Hashemi
Distracted driving has long been acknowledged as one of the leading causes of death or injury in roadway crashes. The focus of past research has been mainly on the impact of different causes of distraction on driving behavior. However, only a few studies attempted to address how some driving behavior attributes could be linked to the cause of distraction. In essence, this study takes advantage of the rich SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) database to develop a model for detecting the likelihood of a driver's involvement in secondary tasks from distinctive attributes of driving behavior...
July 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704631/driver-movement-patterns-indicate-distraction-and-engagement
#2
Robert G Radwin, John D Lee, Oguz Akkas
Objective This research considers how driver movements in video clips of naturalistic driving are related to observer subjective ratings of distraction and engagement behaviors. Background Naturalistic driving video provides a unique window into driver behavior unmatched by crash data, roadside observations, or driving simulator experiments. However, manually coding many thousands of hours of video is impractical. An objective method is needed to identify driver behaviors suggestive of distracted or disengaged driving for automated computer vision analysis to access this rich source of data...
August 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699210/driving-in-search-of-analyses
#3
Bruce Simons-Morton
Although transportation safety has greatly improved over the past 2 decades, motor vehicle crash injuries remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among young drivers. Driver errors and behaviors such as speeding and distraction contribute disproportionately to crashes among inexperienced novices, who develop safe driving judgment only with substantial driving experience, commonly described as the "young driver problem." Research on young drivers has applied a range of research methods, including analyses of national archival data (mainly from police reports), crash analyses, observation of driver behavior, surveys of driver behavior and dispositions, and experimental research on driver behavior and vehicle crash worthiness...
July 11, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666401/practice-safe-driving
#4
(no author information available yet)
More than 30,000 people die in motor vehicle collisions each year in the United States. Distracted, drowsy, and drunk driving cause most motor vehicle collision injuries and deaths. An editorial published in the October 2016 issue of JOSPT identified the global need for effective strategies to reduce, if not eliminate, preventable injuries, including whiplash-associated disorders and deaths from distracted driving. This is a call to action for everyone who gets behind the wheel of a car. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(7):449...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666215/just-look-away-gaze-aversions-as-an-overt-attentional-disengagement-mechanism
#5
Dekel Abeles, Shlomit Yuval-Greenberg
During visual exploration of a scene, the eye-gaze tends to be directed toward more salient image-locations, containing more information. However, while performing non-visual tasks, such information-seeking behavior could be detrimental to performance, as the perception of irrelevant but salient visual input may unnecessarily increase the cognitive-load. It would be therefore beneficial if during non-visual tasks, eye-gaze would be governed by a drive to reduce saliency rather than maximize it. The current study examined the phenomenon of gaze-aversion during non-visual tasks, which is hypothesized to act as an active avoidance mechanism...
June 27, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654843/naturalistic-assessment-of-the-learner-license-period
#6
J P Ehsani, S G Klauer, C Zhu, P Gershon, T A Dingus, B G Simons-Morton
The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and progression of practice driving during the learner license period in a sample of teenagers. During the first and last 10h of practice driving, we examined (1) the amount, variety and complexity of conditions of practice; (2) the nature of parental instruction; and (3) errors that teens made while driving. Data were collected from 90 teens and 131 parents living in Virginia, USA, using in-vehicle cameras, audio recorders, GPS and trip recorders...
June 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645018/take-over-performance-in-evasive-manoeuvres
#7
Riender Happee, Christian Gold, Jonas Radlmayr, Sebastian Hergeth, Klaus Bengler
We investigated after effects of automation in take-over scenarios in a high-end moving-base driving simulator. Drivers performed evasive manoeuvres encountering a blocked lane in highway driving. We compared the performance of drivers 1) during manual driving, 2) after automated driving with eyes on the road while performing the cognitively demanding n-back task, and 3) after automated driving with eyes off the road performing the visually demanding SuRT task. Both minimum time to collision (TTC) and minimum clearance towards the obstacle disclosed a substantial number of near miss events and are regarded as valuable surrogate safety metrics in evasive manoeuvres...
June 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604027/load-theory-behind-the-wheel-perceptual-cognitive-load-effects
#8
Gillian Murphy, Ciara M Greene
Perceptual Load Theory has been proposed as a resolution to the longstanding early versus late selection debate in cognitive psychology. There is much evidence in support of Load Theory but very few applied studies, despite the potential for the model to shed light on everyday attention and distraction. Using a driving simulator, the effect of perceptual and cognitive load on drivers' visual search was assessed. The findings were largely in line with Load Theory, with reduced distractor processing under high perceptual load, but increased distractor processing under high cognitive load...
June 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602131/so-what-really-is-user-experience-%C3%A2-an-experimental-study-of-user-needs-and-emotional-responses-as-underlying-constructs
#9
Tirza Jung, Christina Kaß, Thomas Schramm, Dieter Zapf
This driving simulator study extended knowledge on user experience using a strategy to mitigate distraction resulting from the use of in-vehicle information systems. It examined the impact of system restrictions on users' needs, emotions, and consequences of users' experience in terms of psychological reactance. In a repeated measures design, we asked 53 participants to perform secondary tasks with an in-vehicle information system while driving. Three versions of the system varied with respect to the number of operable functionalities...
June 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557846/adolescent-motor-vehicle-crash-prevention-through-a-trauma-centered-based-intervention-program
#10
Cathline Layba, Lance Griffin, Daniel Jupiter, Charles Mathers, William Mileski
Traumatic injuries account for millions of emergency room visits and hospital admissions annually. Motor vehicle crashes (MVC) remain a leading cause of mortality between the ages of one to 44. With the popularity of smart devices, drivers are ever more distracted on the road. Programs that educate drivers on safe actions and to raise awareness of the perils of drunk and distracted driving exist, but there is little data that demonstrates a reduction in motor vehicle injury rates. We sought to determine if the implementation of such a program in our community would impact the rates of MVCs...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556818/vital-sign-monitoring-and-mobile-phone-usage-detection-using-ir-uwb-radar-for-intended-use-in-car-crash-prevention
#11
Seong Kyu Leem, Faheem Khan, Sung Ho Cho
In order to avoid car crashes, active safety systems are becoming more and more important. Many crashes are caused due to driver drowsiness or mobile phone usage. Detecting the drowsiness of the driver is very important for the safety of a car. Monitoring of vital signs such as respiration rate and heart rate is important to determine the occurrence of driver drowsiness. In this paper, robust vital signs monitoring through impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) radar is discussed. We propose a new algorithm that can estimate the vital signs even if there is motion caused by the driving activities...
May 30, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554063/a-meta-analysis-of-in-vehicle-and-nomadic-voice-recognition-system-interaction-and-driving-performance
#12
Sarah M Simmons, Jeff K Caird, Piers Steel
Driver distraction is a growing and pervasive issue that requires multiple solutions. Voice-recognition (V-R) systems may decrease the visual-manual (V-M) demands of a wide range of in-vehicle system and smartphone interactions. However, the degree that V-R systems integrated into vehicles or available in mobile phone applications affect driver distraction is incompletely understood. A comprehensive meta-analysis of experimental studies was conducted to address this knowledge gap. To meet study inclusion criteria, drivers had to interact with a V-R system while driving and doing everyday V-R tasks such as dialing, initiating a call, texting, emailing, destination entry or music selection...
May 26, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553750/development-of-a-theoretically-grounded-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-adolescent-driver-inattention
#13
Catherine C McDonald, Bridgette M Brawner, Jamison Fargo, Jennifer Swope, Marilyn S Sommers
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of adolescent death. Inattention to the roadway contributes to crash risk and often results from distractions, such as cell phone calls, texting, and peer passengers. We report on the development of a web-based intervention based on the Theory of Planned Behavior that aims to reduce adolescent driver inattention ( Let's Choose Ourselves). In Phase I, we collected qualitative and quantitative data on adolescents' attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norms about driver inattention through focus groups with newly licensed adolescent drivers...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553217/electrocorticography-of-spatial-shifting-and-attentional-selection-in-human-superior-parietal-cortex
#14
Maarten Schrooten, Eshwar G Ghumare, Laura Seynaeve, Tom Theys, Patrick Dupont, Wim Van Paesschen, Rik Vandenberghe
Spatial-attentional reorienting and selection between competing stimuli are two distinct attentional processes of clinical and fundamental relevance. In the past, reorienting has been mainly associated with inferior parietal cortex. In a patient with a subdural grid covering the upper and lower bank of the left anterior and middle intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the superior parietal lobule (SPL), we examined the involvement of superior parietal cortex using a hybrid spatial cueing paradigm identical to that previously applied in stroke and in healthy controls...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544953/designing-feedback-to-mitigate-teen-distracted-driving-a-social-norms-approach
#15
Maryam Merrikhpour, Birsen Donmez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research is to investigate teens' perceived social norms and whether providing normative information can reduce distracted driving behaviors among them. BACKGROUND: Parents are among the most important social referents for teens; they have significant influences on teens' driving behaviors, including distracted driving which significantly contributes to teens' crash risks. Social norms interventions have been successfully applied in various domains including driving; however, this approach is yet to be explored for mitigating driver distraction among teens...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538628/the-east-s-injury-control-and-violence-prevention-committee-s-annual-distracted-driving-outreach-event-evaluating-attitude-and-behavior-change-in-high-school-students
#16
Lisa Allee, Tracey Dechert, Sowmya R Rao, Marie Crandall, Ashley Christmas, Alexander Eastman, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Statistics and Analysis report at least 8 deaths and 1,160 daily injuries due to distracted driving (DD) in the U.S. Drivers under age 20 are most likely to incur a distraction related fatal crash. We aimed to determine short and long term impact of a multi-modal educational program including student developed interventions, simulated driving experiences, and presentations by law enforcement and medical personnel. METHODS: A single day program aimed at teen DD prevention was conducted at a high school targeting students age 15 to 19 years old...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538529/promoting-driver-safety-by-avoiding-distracted-driving-behaviors
#17
Lynn C Parsons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537009/modeling-cognitive-load-effects-of-conversation-between-a-passenger-and-driver
#18
Gabriel Tillman, David Strayer, Ami Eidels, Andrew Heathcote
Cognitive load from secondary tasks is a source of distraction causing injuries and fatalities on the roadway. The Detection Response Task (DRT) is an international standard for assessing cognitive load on drivers' attention that can be performed as a secondary task with little to no measurable effect on the primary driving task. We investigated whether decrements in DRT performance were related to the rate of information processing, levels of response caution, or the non-decision processing of drivers. We had pairs of participants take part in the DRT while performing a simulated driving task, manipulated cognitive load via the conversation between driver and passenger, and observed associated slowing in DRT response time...
May 23, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537005/active-listening-delays-attentional-disengagement-and-saccadic-eye-movements
#19
Benjamin D Lester, Shaun P Vecera
Successful goal-directed visual behavior depends on efficient disengagement of attention. Attention must be withdrawn from its current focus before being redeployed to a new object or internal process. Previous research has demonstrated that occupying cognitive processes with a secondary cellular phone conversation impairs attentional functioning and driving behavior. For example, attentional processing is significantly impacted by concurrent cell phone use, resulting in decreased explicit memory for on-road information...
May 23, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535478/the-effect-of-billboard-design-specifications-on-driving-a-pilot-study
#20
Hadas Marciano, Pe'erly Setter
Decades of research on the effects of advertising billboards on road accident rates, driver performance, and driver visual scanning behavior, has produced no conclusive findings. We suggest that road safety researchers should shift their focus and attempt to identify the billboard characteristics that are most distracting to drivers. This line of research may produce concrete guidelines for permissible billboards that would be likely to reduce the influence of the billboards on road safety. The current study is a first step towards this end...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
keyword
keyword
80697
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"