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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433773/who-s-calling-social-networks-and-mobile-phone-use-among-motorcyclists
#1
Chris De Gruyter, Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen
Mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle poses a key safety risk, particularly among younger people who have been found to be more susceptible to distracted driving. While previous research has examined the influence of social networks on mobile phone use while driving a car, no research has explored this association in the context of motorcycle use. Using a survey of university students in Vietnam, this research explores the association between social networks and mobile phone use among motorcyclists and the links this has to reported crashes/falls...
April 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399463/distraction-or-cognitive-overload-using-modulations-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-to-discriminate-the-possible-negative-effects-of-advanced-assistance-system
#2
D Ruscio, A J Bos, M R Ciceri
The interaction with Advanced Driver Assistance Systems has several positive implications for road safety, but also some potential downsides such as mental workload and automation complacency. Malleable attentional resources allocation theory describes two possible processes that can generate workload in interaction with advanced assisting devices. The purpose of the present study is to determine if specific analysis of the different modalities of autonomic control of nervous system can be used to discriminate different potential workload processes generated during assisted-driving tasks and automation complacency situations...
April 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383972/sustained-attention-in-the-face-of-distractors-a-study-of-children-with-rett-syndrome
#3
Susan A Rose, Sam Wass, Jeffery J Jankowski, Judith F Feldman, Aleksandra Djukic
OBJECTIVE: The object of the present study is to advance our understanding of the cognitive profile of Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene. We focus on sustained attention, which plays a critical role in driving cognitive growth, and use an innovative, gaze-based task that minimizes demands on the limited verbal and motor abilities associated with RTT. METHOD: The task required the ability to sustain attention on a visual target (a butterfly) while inhibiting a prepotent response to look to moving distractors (trees and clouds) presented in the peripheral visual field...
April 6, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378515/cross-sensory-modulation-of-alpha-oscillatory-activity-suppression-idling-and-default-resource-allocation
#4
Rosanne Maria van Diepen, Ali Mazaheri
Alpha oscillations (~10 Hz) have been suggested to have an inhibitory influence on stimulus processing within the context of attention being coordinated across space, with an increase in the power of alpha activity occurring in spatially irrelevant regions. However, with respect to cross-sensory attention (distribution of attention to different sensory modalities) an increase in alpha activity from baseline has not yet been definitively linked to active inhibition of distraction. In the current study, we examined the role of top-down alpha modulation in facilitating and suppressing stimulus processing between the visual and auditory domain...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369841/attentional-capture-in-driving-displays
#5
Mahé Arexis, François Maquestiaux, Nicholas Gaspelin, Eric Ruthruff, André Didierjean
Drivers face frequent distraction on the roadways, but little is known about situations placing them at risk of misallocating visual attention. To investigate this issue, we asked participants to search for a red target embedded within simulated driving scenes (photographs taken from inside a car) in three experiments. Distraction was induced by presenting, via a GPS unit, red or green distractors positioned in an irrelevant location at which the target never appeared. If the salient distractor captures attention, visual search should be slower on distractor-present trials than distractor-absent trials...
May 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365563/pedestrian-inattention-blindness-while-playing-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-as-an-emerging-health-risk-behavior-a-case-report
#6
Stefania Barbieri, Gianna Vettore, Vincenzo Pietrantonio, Rossella Snenghi, Alberto Tredese, Mauro Bergamini, Sara Previato, Armando Stefanati, Rosa Maria Gaudio, Paolo Feltracco
BACKGROUND: Cases of trauma resulting from the use of mobile phones while driving motor vehicles have become quite common in recent years. Road injuries incurred by people playing video games on mobile phones (or other media devices) while walking have also become a cause for concern. Pokémon Go has been the world's most popular game since it was launched in July 2016, with more than 15 million players trying to catch all Pokémon available in the game; however, the case detailed here is the first reported accident in the medical literature caused by a pedestrian distracted by the game while crossing a street...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338711/the-effects-of-age-on-crash-risk-associated-with-driver-distraction
#7
Feng Guo, Sheila G Klauer, Youjia Fang, Jonathan M Hankey, Jonathan F Antin, Miguel A Perez, Suzanne E Lee, Thomas A Dingus
Background: Driver distraction is a major contributing factor to crashes, which are the leading cause of death for the US population under 35 years of age. The prevalence of secondary-task engagement and its impacts on distraction and crashes may vary substantially by driver age. Methods: Driving performance and behaviour data were collected continuously using multiple cameras and sensors in situ for 3542 participant drivers recruited for up to 3 years for the Second Strategic Highway Research Program Naturalistic Driving Study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323449/the-relative-importance-of-real-time-in-cab-and-external-feedback-in-managing-fatigue-in-real-world-commercial-transport-operations
#8
Michael Fitzharris, Sara Liu, Amanda N Stephens, Michael G Lenné
OBJECTIVE: Real-time driver monitoring systems represent a solution to address key behavioral risks as they occur, particularly distraction and fatigue. The efficacy of these systems in real-world settings is largely unknown. This paper has three objectives: 1) to document the incidence and duration of fatigue in real-world commercial truck driving operations, 2) to determine the reduction, if any, in the incidence of fatigue episodes associated with providing feedback, and 3) to tease apart the relative contribution of in-cab warnings from 24 monitoring and feedback to employers...
March 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283304/minor-injury-crashes-prevalence-of-driver-related-risk-factors-and-outcome
#9
Jeffrey R Brubacher, Herbert Chan, Elizabeth Purssell, Benjamin J Tuyp, Daniel K Ting, Vahid Mehrnoush
BACKGROUND: The majority of crashes cause "minor" injuries (i.e., treated and released from the emergency department [ED]). Minor injury crashes are poorly studied. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the prevalence of driver-related risk factors and subsequent outcome in drivers involved in minor crashes. METHODS: We interviewed a convenience sample of injured drivers, aged over 17 years, who were treated and released from the ED. Follow-up interviews were conducted 6 months after the crash...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250326/medication-and-driving-appropriate-interventions
#10
Masahito Hitosugi
 Sudden illness while driving has been identified as a major cause of vehicle collisions, accounting for approximately 1 in 10 collisions. Because most drivers who experience sudden illnesses while driving do not perform avoidance maneuvers, the improvement of drivers' health is being promoted as a traffic safety strategy. Although stroke, heart disease, and epilepsy are common causes of sudden illness, common symptoms, such as abdominal cramps, vertigo, and syncope can also cause problems during driving...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245497/new-rules-for-visual-selection-isolating-procedural-attention
#11
Mahalakshmi Ramamurthy, Erik Blaser
High performance in well-practiced, everyday tasks-driving, sports, gaming-suggests a kind of procedural attention that can allocate processing resources to behaviorally relevant information in an unsupervised manner. Here we show that training can lead to a new, automatic attentional selection rule that operates in the absence of bottom-up, salience-driven triggers and willful top-down selection. Taking advantage of the fact that attention modulates motion aftereffects, observers were presented with a bivectorial display with overlapping, iso-salient red and green dot fields moving to the right and left, respectively, while distracted by a demanding auditory two-back memory task...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230266/who-is-a-distracted-driver-associations-between-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-domain-specific-risk-taking-and-personality
#12
Madison Sween, Andrea Ceschi, Francesco Tommasi, Riccardo Sartori, Joshua Weller
Mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) is an increasingly common form of distracted driving. Given its widespread prevalence, it is important for researchers to identify factors that may predict who is more likely to engage in this risky behavior. The current study investigates associations between MPUWD risk behaviors, domain-specific risk perceptions, and broad personality dimensions. An Italian community sample (n = 804) completed a survey regarding MPUWD risk perceptions and engagement in MPUWD, in addition to the HEXACO-PI-R, a broad six-factor personality inventory (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience), and the DOSPERT, a six-factor domain-specific self-report risk-taking measure (health/safety, recreational, social, ethical, gambling, and investment)...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226253/modeling-single-vehicle-run-off-road-crash-severity-in-rural-areas-accounting-for-unobserved-heterogeneity-and-age-difference
#13
Linfeng Gong, Wei David Fan
This study investigates factors that significantly contribute to the severity of driver injuries resulting from single-vehicle run-off-road (SV ROR) crashes. A mixed logit model approach is employed to explore the potential unobserved heterogeneous effects associated with each age group: young (ages 16-24), middle-aged (ages 25-65), and older drivers (ages over 65). Likelihood ratio tests indicated that the development of separate injury severity models for each age group is statistically superior to estimating a single model using all data...
February 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208795/reliable-identi%C3%AF-cation-of-vehicle-boarding-actions-based-on-fuzzy-inference-syste
#14
DaeHan Ahn, Homin Park, Seokhyun Hwang, Taejoon Park
Existing smartphone-based solutions to prevent distracted driving suffer from inadequate system designs that only recognize simple and clean vehicle-boarding actions, thereby failing to meet the required level of accuracy in real-life environments. In this paper, exploiting unique sensory features consistently monitored from a broad range of complicated vehicle-boarding actions, we propose a reliable and accurate system based on fuzzy inference to classify the sides of vehicle entrancebyleveragingbuilt-insmartphonesensorsonly...
February 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173894/deconstructing-the-performance-of-everyday-activities-a-case-in-dementia
#15
Clarissa M Giebel, Daniela Montaldi
BACKGROUND: The assessment of everyday functioning in dementia is currently very global and in most cases fails to provide an in-depth overview of specific areas of deficits. Every activity comprises different sub-tasks which may be impaired to different degrees. Performance of some sub-tasks might be maintained and could thus be the foundation for remaining independent for longer. Thus, the objective of this study was to explore the benefits of breaking down everyday activities into sub-tasks...
February 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166872/investigating-the-impact-of-static-roadside-advertising-on-drivers-situation-awareness
#16
Kristie L Young, Amanda N Stephens, David B Logan, Michael G Lenné
Roadside advertising has the potential to create a crash risk for drivers as it may distract attention from driving at critical times. In an on-road instrumented vehicle study, we examined if and how static advertising billboards affect drivers' situation awareness across different driving environments. Nineteen fully licensed drivers drove an instrumented vehicle around a 38 km urban test route comprising freeway, busy urban retail and arterial road sections. The route contained a number of static billboards...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095026/self-regulation-of-driving-speed-among-distracted-drivers-an-application-of-driver-behavioral-adaptation-theory
#17
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Md Mazharul Haque, Mark King, Simon Washington
OBJECTIVE: The adaptive behavior of mobile phone-distracted drivers has been a topic of much discussion in the recent literature. Both simulator and naturalistic studies suggest that distracted drivers generally select lower driving speeds; however, speed adaptation is not observed among all drivers, and the mechanisms of speed selection are not well understood. The aim of this research was to apply a driver behavioral adaptation model to investigate the speed adaptation of mobile phone-distracted drivers...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081433/what-s-the-law-got-to-do-with-it-legislation-regarding-in-vehicle-technology-use-and-its-impact-on-driver-distraction
#18
Katie J Parnell, Neville A Stanton, Katherine L Plant
Legislation in the road transport domain aims to control safety on the roads. Despite this, a critical issue affecting road safety is that of driver distraction. Although poorly defined, distraction is a significant road safety issue which, in part, is caused by the prevalence of technology within vehicles. Legislation surrounding the use of in-vehicle technologies are explored in this paper from a socio-technical system perspective. This reveals the wider context of the road transport system operating under the current laws using an Accimap analysis...
March 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024203/constructing-a-publically-available-distracted-driving-database-and-research-tool
#19
Paul Atchley, Ashleigh V Tran, Mohammad Ali Salehinejad
BACKGROUND: The goal of the current work was to create a publicly available visualization tool of distracted driving research, the purpose of which is to allow the public and other stakeholders to empirically inform questions of their choice that may bear on policy discussions. METHODS: Fifty years of distracted driving research was used to design a comprehensive database of studies that evaluated the effects of distraction on driving performance. Distraction sources (e...
February 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013142/preventing-distracted-driving-among-college-students-addressing-smartphone-use
#20
Sahar Hassani, Erin H Kelly, Jennifer Smith, Sara Thorpe, Fatima H Sozzer, Paul Atchley, Elroy Sullivan, Dean Larson, Lawrence C Vogel
Based on the National Highway Traffic Safety Association's (NHTSA) Report, fatalities due to distracted driving are on the rise and the highest proportion of fatalities by age group is the 20-29 year old category. To date little has been done to educate college students about the dangers of distracted driving and engage these students in promoting a safe driving culture. Intervening among college students has the potential for making real-time behavior change, can foster a lifetime of safe driving habits among these students, and can help contribute to a culture of safe driving that can be created and sustained through positive messages from peers...
February 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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