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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131661/validation-of-essential-acoustic-parameters-for-highly-urgent-in-vehicle-collision-warnings
#1
Bridget A Lewis, Jesse L Eisert, Carryl L Baldwin
Objective The aim of this study was to validate the importance of key acoustic criteria for use as in-vehicle forward collision warning (FCW) systems. Background Despite recent advances in vehicle safety, automobile crashes remain one of the leading causes of death. As automation allows for more control of noncritical functions by the vehicle, the potential for disengagement and distraction from the driving task also increases. It is, therefore, as important as ever that in-vehicle safety-critical interfaces are intuitive and unambiguous, promoting effective collision avoidance responses upon first exposure even under divided-attention conditions...
November 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122198/effect-of-police-mobile-computer-terminal-interface-design-on-officer-driving-distraction
#2
Maryam Zahabi, David Kaber
Several crash reports have identified in-vehicle distraction to be a primary cause of emergency vehicle crashes especially in law enforcement. Furthermore, studies have found that mobile computer terminals (MCTs) are the most frequently used in-vehicle technology for police officers. Twenty police officers participated in a driving simulator-based assessment of visual behavior, performance, workload and situation awareness with current and enhanced MCT interface designs. In general, results revealed MCT use while driving to decrease officer visual attention to the roadway, but usability improvements can reduce the level of visual distraction and secondary-task completion time...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101787/how-safe-is-tuning-a-radio-using-the-radio-tuning-task-as-a-benchmark-for-distracted-driving
#3
Ja Young Lee, John D Lee, Jonas Bärgman, Joonbum Lee, Bryan Reimer
Drivers engage in non-driving tasks while driving, such as interactions entertainment systems. Studies have identified glance patterns related to such interactions, and manual radio tuning has been used as a reference task to set an upper bound on the acceptable demand of interactions. Consequently, some view the risk associated with radio tuning as defining the upper limit of glance measures associated with visual-manual in-vehicle activities. However, we have little knowledge about the actual degree of crash risk that radio tuning poses and, by extension, the risk of tasks that have similar glance patterns as the radio tuning task...
October 27, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062345/distraction-related-road-traffic-collisions
#4
Hani O Eid, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively study distraction-related road traffic collision injuries, their contributory factors, severity, and outcome. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all hospitalized road traffic collision trauma patients in Al-Ain City who were drivers at the collision time over one and half years. Driver's inattentive behaviors preceding the collision were collected by interviewing the admitted drivers. RESULTS: There were 444 drivers, 330 of them were fully oriented patients, out of them only 44 (13%) were distracted...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059533/factors-associated-with-self-reported-inattentive-driving-at-highway-rail-grade-crossings
#5
Shanshan Zhao, Aemal J Khattak
This research identified factors associated with inattentive driving at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings (HRGCs) by investigating drivers' self-reported inattentive driving experiences and factors pertaining to their socioeconomic, personality, attitudinal, and other characteristics. A random selection of 2500 households in Nebraska received a survey questionnaire designed for licensed motor vehicle drivers; respondents returned 980 questionnaires. Factor analysis identified latent variables evaluating drivers' patience and inclination to wait for trains, attitudes toward new technology, law enforcement or education regarding HRGC safety, and the propensity to commit serious traffic violations at HRGCs...
October 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057396/effects-of-actigraphically-acquired-sleep-quality-ondriving-outcomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patientsand-control-drivers-a-naturalistic-study
#6
Nazan Aksan, Robert Marini, Jon Tippin, Jeffrey Dawson, Matthew Rizzo
We examined the effects of sleep quality on next day driving outcomes in a 3.5-month naturalistic driving study of 67 OSA and 47 matched control drivers. Sleep quality measures included total sleep time and sleep fragmentation from actigraphy. The driving outcomes included average speed, lateral control, longitudinal control, distraction, attention to driving- and non-driving related tasks. Sleep quality affected next day's driving performance differently for OSA and control drivers. Better sleep quality was associated with better lateral and longitudinal control during highway driving for control drivers...
2017: Proceedings of the ... International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992450/multilevel-analysis-of-the-role-of-human-factors-in-regional-disparities-in-crash-outcomes
#7
Emmanuel Kofi Adanu, Randy Smith, Lars Powell, Steven Jones
A growing body of research has examined the disparities in road traffic safety among population groups and geographic regions. These studies reveal disparities in crash outcomes between people and regions with different socioeconomic characteristics. A critical aspect of the road traffic crash epidemic that has received limited attention is the influence of local characteristics on human elements that increase the risk of getting into a crash. This paper applies multilevel logistic regression modeling techniques to investigate the influence of driver residential factors on driver behaviors in an attempt to explain the area-based differences in the severity of road crashes across the State of Alabama...
October 6, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974736/the-regulatory-effect-of-choice-in-situation-selection-reduces-experiential-exocrine-and-respiratory-arousal-for-negative-emotional-stimulations
#8
Simon Thuillard, Elise S Dan-Glauser
Situation selection is a seldom studied emotion regulation strategy that entails choosing an upcoming emotional situation. Two mechanisms may drive its regulatory effect on emotional responses. One relates to the evaluation of the chosen option, people generally selecting the most positive. The other one implies that having the choice regarding the upcoming emotional situation is already regulatory, independently of what we choose. This research aimed at investigating this latter hypothesis. In a within-subject design, we compared emotional responses of 65 participants when they viewed negative and positive images they could select (use of Situation selection) vs...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954915/anthropogenic-noise-pollution-from-pile-driving-disrupts-the-structure-and-dynamics-of-fish-shoals
#9
James E Herbert-Read, Louise Kremer, Rick Bruintjes, Andrew N Radford, Christos C Ioannou
Noise produced from a variety of human activities can affect the physiology and behaviour of individual animals, but whether noise disrupts the social behaviour of animals is largely unknown. Animal groups such as flocks of birds or shoals of fish use simple interaction rules to coordinate their movements with near neighbours. In turn, this coordination allows individuals to gain the benefits of group living such as reduced predation risk and social information exchange. Noise could change how individuals interact in groups if noise is perceived as a threat, or if it masked, distracted or stressed individuals, and this could have impacts on the benefits of grouping...
September 27, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946643/improving-night-time-driving-safety-using-vision-based-classification-techniques
#10
Jong-Chih Chien, Yong-Sheng Chen, Jiann-Der Lee
The risks involved in nighttime driving include drowsy drivers and dangerous vehicles. Prominent among the more dangerous vehicles around at night are the larger vehicles which are usually moving faster at night on a highway. In addition, the risk level of driving around larger vehicles rises significantly when the driver's attention becomes distracted, even for a short period of time. For the purpose of alerting the driver and elevating his or her safety, in this paper we propose two components for any modern vision-based Advanced Drivers Assistance System (ADAS)...
September 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886450/driving-performance-at-lateral-system-limits-during-partially-automated-driving
#11
Frederik Naujoks, Christian Purucker, Katharina Wiedemann, Alexandra Neukum, Stefan Wolter, Reid Steiger
This study investigated driver performance during system limits of partially automated driving. Using a motion-based driving simulator, drivers encountered different situations in which a partially automated vehicle could no longer safely keep the lateral guidance. Drivers were distracted by a non-driving related task on a touch display or driving without an additional secondary task. While driving in partially automated mode drivers could either take their hands off the steering wheel for only a short period of time (10s, so-called 'Hands-on' variant) or for an extended period of time (120s, so-called 'Hands-off' variant)...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882261/factors-contributing-to-commercial-vehicle-rear-end-conflicts-in-china-a-study-using-on-board-event-data-recorders
#12
Giulio Bianchi Piccinini, Johan Engström, Jonas Bärgman, Xuesong Wang
INTRODUCTION: In the last 30years, China has undergone a dramatic increase in vehicle ownership and a resulting escalation in the number of road crashes. Although crash figures are decreasing today, they remain high; it is therefore important to investigate crash causation mechanisms to further improve road safety in China. METHOD: To shed more light on the topic, naturalistic driving data was collected in Shanghai as part of the evaluation of a behavior-based safety service...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877200/risk-factors-of-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-in-queensland-prevalence-attitudes-crash-risk-perception-and-task-management-strategies
#13
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Mark King, Md Mazharul Haque, Simon Washington
Distracted driving is one of the most significant human factor issues in transport safety. Mobile phone interactions while driving may involve a multitude of cognitive and physical resources that result in inferior driving performance and reduced safety margins. The current study investigates characteristics of usage, risk factors, compensatory strategies in use and characteristics of high-frequency offenders of mobile phone use while driving. A series of questions were administered to drivers in Queensland (Australia) using an on-line questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809848/a-multimodal-dataset-for-various-forms-of-distracted-driving
#14
Salah Taamneh, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta, Pradeep Buddharaju, Ashik Khatri, Michael Manser, Thomas Ferris, Robert Wunderlich, Ioannis Pavlidis
We describe a multimodal dataset acquired in a controlled experiment on a driving simulator. The set includes data for n=68 volunteers that drove the same highway under four different conditions: No distraction, cognitive distraction, emotional distraction, and sensorimotor distraction. The experiment closed with a special driving session, where all subjects experienced a startle stimulus in the form of unintended acceleration-half of them under a mixed distraction, and the other half in the absence of a distraction...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802430/digital-analogue-or-redundant-speedometers-for-truck-driving-impact-on-visual-distraction-efficiency-and-usability
#15
Mathilde François, Philippe Crave, François Osiurak, Alexandra Fort, Jordan Navarro
Existing literature does not draw conclusions as to which speedometer type is better for truck driving. A digital speedometer would be more beneficial when obtaining absolute and relative readings, while an analogue speedometer would be more efficient and less distracting when detecting dynamic speed changes. Redundant speedometers, which simultaneously present digital and analogue speedometers, appear increasingly in vehicles, but no information is available on their ergonomic qualities. This study compared three speedometers: digital speedometers, analogue speedometers, and redundant speedometers...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735180/cell-phone-use-while-driving-prospective-association-with-emerging-adult-use
#16
Neha Trivedi, Denise Haynie, Joe Bible, Danping Liu, Bruce Simons-Morton
Secondary task engagement such as cell phone use while driving is a common behavior among adolescents and emerging adults. Texting and other distracting cell phone use in this population contributes to the high rate of fatal car crashes. Peer engagement in similar risky driving behaviors, such as texting, could socially influence driver phone use behavior. The present study investigates the prospective association between peer and emerging adult texting while driving the first year after high school. Surveys were conducted with a national sample of emerging adults and their nominated peers...
September 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719829/detection-of-driver-engagement-in-secondary-tasks-from-observed-naturalistic-driving-behavior
#17
Mengqiu Ye, Osama A Osman, Sherif Ishak, Bita Hashemi
Distracted driving has long been acknowledged as one of the leading causes of death or injury in roadway crashes. The focus of past research has been mainly on the impact of different causes of distraction on driving behavior. However, only a few studies attempted to address how some driving behavior attributes could be linked to the cause of distraction. In essence, this study takes advantage of the rich SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) database to develop a model for detecting the likelihood of a driver's involvement in secondary tasks from distinctive attributes of driving behavior...
July 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704631/driver-movement-patterns-indicate-distraction-and-engagement
#18
Robert G Radwin, John D Lee, Oguz Akkas
Objective This research considers how driver movements in video clips of naturalistic driving are related to observer subjective ratings of distraction and engagement behaviors. Background Naturalistic driving video provides a unique window into driver behavior unmatched by crash data, roadside observations, or driving simulator experiments. However, manually coding many thousands of hours of video is impractical. An objective method is needed to identify driver behaviors suggestive of distracted or disengaged driving for automated computer vision analysis to access this rich source of data...
August 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699210/driving-in-search-of-analyses
#19
Bruce Simons-Morton
Although transportation safety has greatly improved over the past 2 decades, motor vehicle crash injuries remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among young drivers. Driver errors and behaviors such as speeding and distraction contribute disproportionately to crashes among inexperienced novices, who develop safe driving judgment only with substantial driving experience, commonly described as the "young driver problem." Research on young drivers has applied a range of research methods, including analyses of national archival data (mainly from police reports), crash analyses, observation of driver behavior, surveys of driver behavior and dispositions, and experimental research on driver behavior and vehicle crash worthiness...
October 30, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666401/practice-safe-driving
#20
(no author information available yet)
More than 30,000 people die in motor vehicle collisions each year in the United States. Distracted, drowsy, and drunk driving cause most motor vehicle collision injuries and deaths. An editorial published in the October 2016 issue of JOSPT identified the global need for effective strategies to reduce, if not eliminate, preventable injuries, including whiplash-associated disorders and deaths from distracted driving. This is a call to action for everyone who gets behind the wheel of a car. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(7):449...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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