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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645018/take-over-performance-in-evasive-manoeuvres
#1
Riender Happee, Christian Gold, Jonas Radlmayr, Sebastian Hergeth, Klaus Bengler
We investigated after effects of automation in take-over scenarios in a high-end moving-base driving simulator. Drivers performed evasive manoeuvres encountering a blocked lane in highway driving. We compared the performance of drivers 1) during manual driving, 2) after automated driving with eyes on the road while performing the cognitively demanding n-back task, and 3) after automated driving with eyes off the road performing the visually demanding SuRT task. Both minimum time to collision (TTC) and minimum clearance towards the obstacle disclosed a substantial number of near miss events and are regarded as valuable surrogate safety metrics in evasive manoeuvres...
June 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604027/load-theory-behind-the-wheel-perceptual-cognitive-load-effects
#2
Gillian Murphy, Ciara M Greene
Perceptual Load Theory has been proposed as a resolution to the longstanding early versus late selection debate in cognitive psychology. There is much evidence in support of Load Theory but very few applied studies, despite the potential for the model to shed light on everyday attention and distraction. Using a driving simulator, the effect of perceptual and cognitive load on drivers' visual search was assessed. The findings were largely in line with Load Theory, with reduced distractor processing under high perceptual load, but increased distractor processing under high cognitive load...
June 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602131/so-what-really-is-user-experience-%C3%A2-an-experimental-study-of-user-needs-and-emotional-responses-as-underlying-constructs
#3
Tirza Jung, Christina Kaß, Thomas Schramm, Dieter Zapf
This driving simulator study extended knowledge on user experience using a strategy to mitigate distraction resulting from the use of in-vehicle information systems. It examined the impact of system restrictions on users' needs, emotions, and consequences of users' experience in terms of psychological reactance. In a repeated measures design, we asked 53 participants to perform secondary tasks with an in-vehicle information system while driving. Three versions of the system varied with respect to the number of operable functionalities...
June 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557846/adolescent-motor-vehicle-crash-prevention-through-a-trauma-centered-based-intervention-program
#4
Cathline Layba, Lance Griffin, Daniel Jupiter, Charles Mathers, William Mileski
Traumatic injuries account for millions of emergency room visits and hospital admissions annually. Motor vehicle crashes (MVC) remain a leading cause of mortality between the ages of one to 44. With the popularity of smart devices, drivers are ever more distracted on the road. Programs that educate drivers on safe actions and to raise awareness of the perils of drunk and distracted driving exist, but there is little data that demonstrates a reduction in motor vehicle injury rates. We sought to determine if the implementation of such a program in our community would impact the rates of MVCs...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556818/vital-sign-monitoring-and-mobile-phone-usage-detection-using-ir-uwb-radar-for-intended-use-in-car-crash-prevention
#5
Seong Kyu Leem, Faheem Khan, Sung Ho Cho
In order to avoid car crashes, active safety systems are becoming more and more important. Many crashes are caused due to driver drowsiness or mobile phone usage. Detecting the drowsiness of the driver is very important for the safety of a car. Monitoring of vital signs such as respiration rate and heart rate is important to determine the occurrence of driver drowsiness. In this paper, robust vital signs monitoring through impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) radar is discussed. We propose a new algorithm that can estimate the vital signs even if there is motion caused by the driving activities...
May 30, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554063/a-meta-analysis-of-in-vehicle-and-nomadic-voice-recognition-system-interaction-and-driving-performance
#6
Sarah M Simmons, Jeff K Caird, Piers Steel
Driver distraction is a growing and pervasive issue that requires multiple solutions. Voice-recognition (V-R) systems may decrease the visual-manual (V-M) demands of a wide range of in-vehicle system and smartphone interactions. However, the degree that V-R systems integrated into vehicles or available in mobile phone applications affect driver distraction is incompletely understood. A comprehensive meta-analysis of experimental studies was conducted to address this knowledge gap. To meet study inclusion criteria, drivers had to interact with a V-R system while driving and doing everyday V-R tasks such as dialing, initiating a call, texting, emailing, destination entry or music selection...
May 26, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553750/development-of-a-theoretically-grounded-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-adolescent-driver-inattention
#7
Catherine C McDonald, Bridgette M Brawner, Jamison Fargo, Jennifer Swope, Marilyn S Sommers
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of adolescent death. Inattention to the roadway contributes to crash risk and often results from distractions, such as cell phone calls, texting, and peer passengers. We report on the development of a web-based intervention based on the Theory of Planned Behavior that aims to reduce adolescent driver inattention ( Let's Choose Ourselves). In Phase I, we collected qualitative and quantitative data on adolescents' attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norms about driver inattention through focus groups with newly licensed adolescent drivers...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553217/electrocorticography-of-spatial-shifting-and-attentional-selection-in-human-superior-parietal-cortex
#8
Maarten Schrooten, Eshwar G Ghumare, Laura Seynaeve, Tom Theys, Patrick Dupont, Wim Van Paesschen, Rik Vandenberghe
Spatial-attentional reorienting and selection between competing stimuli are two distinct attentional processes of clinical and fundamental relevance. In the past, reorienting has been mainly associated with inferior parietal cortex. In a patient with a subdural grid covering the upper and lower bank of the left anterior and middle intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the superior parietal lobule (SPL), we examined the involvement of superior parietal cortex using a hybrid spatial cueing paradigm identical to that previously applied in stroke and in healthy controls...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544953/designing-feedback-to-mitigate-teen-distracted-driving-a-social-norms-approach
#9
Maryam Merrikhpour, Birsen Donmez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research is to investigate teens' perceived social norms and whether providing normative information can reduce distracted driving behaviors among them. BACKGROUND: Parents are among the most important social referents for teens; they have significant influences on teens' driving behaviors, including distracted driving which significantly contributes to teens' crash risks. Social norms interventions have been successfully applied in various domains including driving; however, this approach is yet to be explored for mitigating driver distraction among teens...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538628/the-east-s-injury-control-and-violence-prevention-committee-s-annual-distracted-driving-outreach-event-evaluating-attitude-and-behavior-change-in-high-school-students
#10
Lisa Allee, Tracey Dechert, Sowmya R Rao, Marie Crandall, Ashley Christmas, Alexander Eastman, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Statistics and Analysis report at least 8 deaths and 1,160 daily injuries due to distracted driving (DD) in the U.S. Drivers under age 20 are most likely to incur a distraction related fatal crash. We aimed to determine short and long term impact of a multi-modal educational program including student developed interventions, simulated driving experiences, and presentations by law enforcement and medical personnel. METHODS: A single day program aimed at teen DD prevention was conducted at a high school targeting students age 15 to 19 years old...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538529/promoting-driver-safety-by-avoiding-distracted-driving-behaviors
#11
Lynn C Parsons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537009/modeling-cognitive-load-effects-of-conversation-between-a-passenger-and-driver
#12
Gabriel Tillman, David Strayer, Ami Eidels, Andrew Heathcote
Cognitive load from secondary tasks is a source of distraction causing injuries and fatalities on the roadway. The Detection Response Task (DRT) is an international standard for assessing cognitive load on drivers' attention that can be performed as a secondary task with little to no measurable effect on the primary driving task. We investigated whether decrements in DRT performance were related to the rate of information processing, levels of response caution, or the non-decision processing of drivers. We had pairs of participants take part in the DRT while performing a simulated driving task, manipulated cognitive load via the conversation between driver and passenger, and observed associated slowing in DRT response time...
May 23, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537005/active-listening-delays-attentional-disengagement-and-saccadic-eye-movements
#13
Benjamin D Lester, Shaun P Vecera
Successful goal-directed visual behavior depends on efficient disengagement of attention. Attention must be withdrawn from its current focus before being redeployed to a new object or internal process. Previous research has demonstrated that occupying cognitive processes with a secondary cellular phone conversation impairs attentional functioning and driving behavior. For example, attentional processing is significantly impacted by concurrent cell phone use, resulting in decreased explicit memory for on-road information...
May 23, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535478/the-effect-of-billboard-design-specifications-on-driving-a-pilot-study
#14
Hadas Marciano, Pe'erly Setter
Decades of research on the effects of advertising billboards on road accident rates, driver performance, and driver visual scanning behavior, has produced no conclusive findings. We suggest that road safety researchers should shift their focus and attempt to identify the billboard characteristics that are most distracting to drivers. This line of research may produce concrete guidelines for permissible billboards that would be likely to reduce the influence of the billboards on road safety. The current study is a first step towards this end...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534644/a-spectral-power-analysis-of-driving-behavior-changes-during-the-transition-from-non-distraction-to-distraction
#15
Yuan Wang, Shan Bao, Wenjun Du, Zhirui Ye, James R Sayer
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigated and compared frequency-domain and time-domain characteristics of drivers' behavior before and after the start of distracted driving. METHOD: Data from an existing naturalistic driving study were used. Fast Fourier transform (FFT) was applied for the frequency domain analysis to explore drivers' behavior pattern changes between non-distracted (pre-starting of visual-manual task) and distracted (post-starting of visual-manual task) driving periods...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525349/distracted-driving-on-youtube-implications-for-adolescents
#16
Corey H Basch, Christina Mouser, Ashley Clark
For the first time in 50 years, traffic fatalities have increased in the United States (US). With the emergence of technology, comes the possibility, that distracted driving has contributed to a decrease in safe driving practices. The purpose of this study was to describe the content on the popular video sharing site, YouTube to ascertain the type of content conveyed in videos that are widely viewed. The 100 most widely viewed English language videos were included in this sample, with a collective number of views of over 35 million...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504303/distracted-walking-bicycling-and-driving-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-mobile-technology-and-youth-crash-risk
#17
Despina Stavrinos, Caitlin N Pope, Jiabin Shen, David C Schwebel
This article examined the impact of mobile technology on young pedestrians, bicyclists, and drivers. A systematic search yielded 41 articles meeting inclusion criteria: peer-reviewed, published before February 1, 2016, behavioral outcome related to pedestrian, bicycling, or driving in the presence of mobile technology use, youth sample. Eleven studies were meta-analyzed to evaluate increased risk for crash/near-crash while distracted. Risk of bias and quality of research were assessed. Across methodologies, developmental stages, and type of distracting task, mobile technology use impairs youth safety on the road...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502406/steering-the-conversation-a-linguistic-exploration-of-natural-language-interactions-with-a-digital-assistant-during-simulated-driving
#18
David R Large, Leigh Clark, Annie Quandt, Gary Burnett, Lee Skrypchuk
Given the proliferation of 'intelligent' and 'socially-aware' digital assistants embodying everyday mobile technology - and the undeniable logic that utilising voice-activated controls and interfaces in cars reduces the visual and manual distraction of interacting with in-vehicle devices - it appears inevitable that next generation vehicles will be embodied by digital assistants and utilise spoken language as a method of interaction. From a design perspective, defining the language and interaction style that a digital driving assistant should adopt is contingent on the role that they play within the social fabric and context in which they are situated...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492867/distracted-driving-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Vishal Madaan, Daniel J Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485017/child-and-adolescent-use-of-mobile-phones-an-unparalleled-complex-developmental-phenomenon
#20
Zheng Yan
This article addresses why children's use of mobile phones is an unparalleled complex developmental phenomenon in hopes of providing a broad context for this special section. It first outlines mobile phones as a sophisticated personalized and multifunction technology. Then it presents mobile phone use by children as an unparalleled complex developmental phenomenon on the basis of its four behavioral elements, two mobile cultures, and two developmental processes. It further illustrates the existing knowledge about children's mobile phones use that has been accumulated over the past 23 years and highlights 12 most studied topics, especially distracted driving and radiation exposure...
May 9, 2017: Child Development
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