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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332672/motivational-factors-associated-with-drowsy-driving-behavior-a-qualitative-investigation-of-college-students
#1
Kenneth H Beck, Clark J Lee, Talia Weiner
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative investigation sought to identify the motivational factors that contribute to drowsy driving in college students and to discover important messaging strategies that may help prevent or reduce this behavior in this population. DESIGN: Four focus groups of college students. SETTING: A large university in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area during the Fall 2016 term. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 25 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302610/what-theory-for-whom-and-in-which-context-reflections-on-the-application-of-theory-in-the-development-and-evaluation-of-complex-population-health-interventions
#2
Graham F Moore, Rhiannon E Evans
Recent years have seen a growing emphasis on the value of building and testing middle range theory throughout the development and evaluation of complex population health interventions. We agree that a coherent theoretical basis for intervention development, and use of evaluation to test key causal assumptions and build theory, are crucial. However, in this editorial, we argue that such recommendations have often been operationalised in somewhat simplistic terms with potentially perverse consequences, and that an uncritical assumption that an intervention explicitly based on theory is inherently superior carries significant risks...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277384/effectiveness-of-visual-warnings-on-young-drivers-hazard-anticipation-and-hazard-mitigation-abilities
#3
Foroogh Hajiseyedjavadi, Tingru Zhang, Ravi Agrawal, Michael Knodler, Donald Fisher, Siby Samuel
Previous studies have demonstrated that young drivers fail both to scan for and mitigate latent hazards mostly due to their cluelessness. This study aims to investigate whether these skills could be improved by providing young drivers with alerts in advance of the upcoming threat using a driving simulator experiment. In particular, the warning was presented on the head-up displays (HUD) either 2 s, 3 s or 4 s in advance of a latent threat. The hazard anticipation, hazard mitigation and attention maintenance performance of forty-eight young drivers aged 18-25 was evaluated across eight unique scenarios either in the presence or in the absence of latent threat alerts displayed on a HUD...
December 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277383/gaze-position-modulates-the-effectiveness-of-forward-collision-warnings-for-drowsy-drivers
#4
John G Gaspar, John-Chris W Schwarz, Timothy L Brown, Julie Kang
Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) have the potential to prevent crashes and reduce their severity. Forward collision warnings (FCW) are quickly becoming standard across vehicle lineups and may prevent frontal crashes by alerting drivers. Previous research has demonstrated the effectiveness of FCW for distracted drivers, but their effectiveness for other types of impairment remains unknown. Like distraction, drowsiness can impair driver response time and lead to crashes. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of FCW for moderately and severely drowsy drivers using a high-fidelity driving simulator...
December 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245079/what-technologies-do-people-engage-with-while-driving-and-why
#5
Katie J Parnell, Neville A Stanton, Katherine L Plant
This paper presents the findings of a semi-structured interview study that was conducted to identify drivers' self-reported likelihood of engaging with technologies that are now commonly found in modern automobiles. Previous research has focused on the effect these technological tasks have on driving performance, but there has been less focus on how, why and when drivers choose to engage with them. As distraction remains a significant contributor to road accidents, an understanding of why it occurs will give important insights into how it can be prevented...
December 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223795/good-distractions-testing-the-effects-of-listening-to-an-audiobook-on-driving-performance-in-simple-and-complex-road-environments
#6
Robert J Nowosielski, Lana M Trick, Ryan Toxopeus
Distracted driving (driving while performing a secondary task) causes many collisions. Most research on distracted driving has focused on operating a cell-phone, but distracted driving can include eating while driving, conversing with passengers or listening to music or audiobooks. Although the research has focused on the deleterious effects of distraction, there may be situations where distraction improves driving performance. Fatigue and boredom are also associated with collision risk and it is possible that secondary tasks can help alleviate the effects of fatigue and boredom...
December 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207727/effect-of-cellular-mobile-phone-use-and-cetrizine-on-hand-eye-coordination-and-visual-acuity
#7
Kalpita Ganpat Gawit, Smita Anand Tiwari, Gauri Hari Kasabe, Pradeep Kisanrao Deshpande, Balasaheb Baburao Ghongane
Introduction: Cellular mobile phones are a major cause of distraction especially while driving. The aggressive and inappropriate use of cellular mobile phones has increased the risk of accidents. Similar alerts are available in literature for certain substances and drugs (e.g. second generation anti H1 drug -Cetirizine) which also derange psychomotor performance and parameters of alertness. Aim: This study measured variations in hand-eye coordination and visual acuity due to use of cellular mobile phone in comparison to that of commonly used antihistaminic drug viz...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204129/-maybe-i-will-just-send-a-quick-text%C3%A2-an-examination-of-drivers-distractions-causes-and-potential-interventions
#8
Ole J Johansson, Aslak Fyhri
Many people use cars all over the world. This is, however, not done without risk, as traffic accidents are one of the most common causes of death for adolescents worldwide. The number of deaths has steadily decreased, both worldwide and in Norway. Many of these accidents involve passenger cars and distracted driving. While there are many campaigns to improve safety in traffic, little research has looked at distractions. A recent report has investigated the occurrence of and damage caused by distraction, and one article has looked at what predicts baseline differences in levels of distracted driving...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203019/using-naturalistic-driving-study-data-to-investigate-the-impact-of-driver-distraction-on-driver-s-brake-reaction-time-in-freeway-rear-end-events-in-car-following-situation
#9
Jingru Gao, Gary A Davis
INTRODUCTION: The rear-end crash is one of the most common freeway crash types, and driver distraction is often cited as a leading cause of rear-end crashes. Previous research indicates that driver distraction could have negative effects on driving performance, but the specific association between driver distraction and crash risk is still not fully revealed. This study sought to understand the mechanism by which driver distraction, defined as secondary task distraction, could influence crash risk, as indicated by a driver's reaction time, in freeway car-following situations...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203015/crashes-and-near-crashes-on-horizontal-curves-along-rural-two-lane-highways-analysis-of-naturalistic-driving-data
#10
Bo Wang, Shauna Hallmark, Peter Savolainen, Jing Dong
INTRODUCTION: Prior research has shown the probability of a crash occurring on horizontal curves to be significantly higher than on similar tangent segments, and a disproportionally higher number of curve-related crashes occurred in rural areas. Challenges arise when analyzing the safety of horizontal curves due to imprecision in integrating information as to the temporal and spatial characteristics of each crash with specific curves. METHODS: The second Strategic Highway Research Program(SHRP 2) conducted a large-scale naturalistic driving study (NDS),which provides a unique opportunity to better understand the contributing factors leading to crash or near-crash events...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203014/teens-distracted-driving-behavior-prevalence-and-predictors
#11
Pnina Gershon, Chunming Zhu, Sheila G Klauer, Tom Dingus, Bruce Simons-Morton
INTRODUCTION: Teen drivers' over-involvement in crashes has been attributed to a variety of factors, including distracted driving. With the rapid development of in-vehicle systems and portable electronic devices, the burden associated with distracted driving is expected to increase. The current study identifies predictors of secondary task engagement among teenage drivers and provides basis for interventions to reduce distracted driving behavior. We described the prevalence of secondary tasks by type and driving conditions and evaluated the associations between the prevalence of secondary task engagement, driving conditions, and selected psychosocial factors...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203013/examining-drivers-eye-glance-patterns-during-distracted-driving-insights-from-scanning-randomness-and-glance-transition-matrix
#12
Yuan Wang, Shan Bao, Wenjun Du, Zhirui Ye, James R Sayer
INTRODUCTION: Visual attention to the driving environment is of great importance for road safety. Eye glance behavior has been used as an indicator of distracted driving. This study examined and quantified drivers' glance patterns and features during distracted driving. METHOD: Data from an existing naturalistic driving study were used. Entropy rate was calculated and used to assess the randomness associated with drivers' scanning patterns. A glance-transition proportion matrix was defined to quantity visual search patterns transitioning among four main eye glance locations while driving (i...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197692/linking-mind-wandering-tendency-to-risky-driving-in-young-male-drivers
#13
Derek A Albert, Marie Claude Ouimet, Julien Jarret, Marie-Soleil Cloutier, Martin Paquette, Nancy Badeau, Thomas G Brown
Risky driving is a significant contributor to road traffic crashes, especially in young drivers. Transient mind wandering states, an internal form of distraction, are associated with faster driving, reduced headway distance, slower response times, reduced driver vigilance, and increased crash risk. It is unclear whether a trait tendency to mind wander predicts risky driving, however. Mind wandering is also associated with poor executive control, but whether this capacity moderates the putative link between mind wandering tendency and risky driving is uncertain...
November 30, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176895/functional-connectivity-analysis-of-distracted-drivers-based-on-the-wavelet-phase-coherence-of-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-signals
#14
Gongcheng Xu, Ming Zhang, Yan Wang, Zhian Liu, Congcong Huo, Zengyong Li, Mengyou Huo
The present study aimed to evaluate the functional connectivity (FC) in relevant cortex areas during simulated driving with distraction based on functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) method. Twelve subjects were recruited to perform three types of driving tasks, namely, straight driving, straight driving with secondary auditory task, and straight driving with secondary visual vigilance task, on a driving simulator. The wavelet amplitude (WA) and wavelet phase coherence (WPCO) of the fNIRS signals were calculated in six frequency intervals: I, 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131661/validation-of-essential-acoustic-parameters-for-highly-urgent-in-vehicle-collision-warnings
#15
Bridget A Lewis, Jesse L Eisert, Carryl L Baldwin
Objective The aim of this study was to validate the importance of key acoustic criteria for use as in-vehicle forward collision warning (FCW) systems. Background Despite recent advances in vehicle safety, automobile crashes remain one of the leading causes of death. As automation allows for more control of noncritical functions by the vehicle, the potential for disengagement and distraction from the driving task also increases. It is, therefore, as important as ever that in-vehicle safety-critical interfaces are intuitive and unambiguous, promoting effective collision avoidance responses upon first exposure even under divided-attention conditions...
November 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122198/effect-of-police-mobile-computer-terminal-interface-design-on-officer-driving-distraction
#16
Maryam Zahabi, David Kaber
Several crash reports have identified in-vehicle distraction to be a primary cause of emergency vehicle crashes especially in law enforcement. Furthermore, studies have found that mobile computer terminals (MCTs) are the most frequently used in-vehicle technology for police officers. Twenty police officers participated in a driving simulator-based assessment of visual behavior, performance, workload and situation awareness with current and enhanced MCT interface designs. In general, results revealed MCT use while driving to decrease officer visual attention to the roadway, but usability improvements can reduce the level of visual distraction and secondary-task completion time...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101787/how-safe-is-tuning-a-radio-using-the-radio-tuning-task-as-a-benchmark-for-distracted-driving
#17
Ja Young Lee, John D Lee, Jonas Bärgman, Joonbum Lee, Bryan Reimer
Drivers engage in non-driving tasks while driving, such as interactions entertainment systems. Studies have identified glance patterns related to such interactions, and manual radio tuning has been used as a reference task to set an upper bound on the acceptable demand of interactions. Consequently, some view the risk associated with radio tuning as defining the upper limit of glance measures associated with visual-manual in-vehicle activities. However, we have little knowledge about the actual degree of crash risk that radio tuning poses and, by extension, the risk of tasks that have similar glance patterns as the radio tuning task...
October 27, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062345/distraction-related-road-traffic-collisions
#18
Hani O Eid, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively study distraction-related road traffic collision injuries, their contributory factors, severity, and outcome. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all hospitalized road traffic collision trauma patients in Al-Ain City who were drivers at the collision time over one and half years. Driver's inattentive behaviors preceding the collision were collected by interviewing the admitted drivers. RESULTS: There were 444 drivers, 330 of them were fully oriented patients, out of them only 44 (13%) were distracted...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059533/factors-associated-with-self-reported-inattentive-driving-at-highway-rail-grade-crossings
#19
Shanshan Zhao, Aemal J Khattak
This research identified factors associated with inattentive driving at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings (HRGCs) by investigating drivers' self-reported inattentive driving experiences and factors pertaining to their socioeconomic, personality, attitudinal, and other characteristics. A random selection of 2500 households in Nebraska received a survey questionnaire designed for licensed motor vehicle drivers; respondents returned 980 questionnaires. Factor analysis identified latent variables evaluating drivers' patience and inclination to wait for trains, attitudes toward new technology, law enforcement or education regarding HRGC safety, and the propensity to commit serious traffic violations at HRGCs...
October 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057396/effects-of-actigraphically-acquired-sleep-quality-ondriving-outcomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patientsand-control-drivers-a-naturalistic-study
#20
Nazan Aksan, Robert Marini, Jon Tippin, Jeffrey Dawson, Matthew Rizzo
We examined the effects of sleep quality on next day driving outcomes in a 3.5-month naturalistic driving study of 67 OSA and 47 matched control drivers. Sleep quality measures included total sleep time and sleep fragmentation from actigraphy. The driving outcomes included average speed, lateral control, longitudinal control, distraction, attention to driving- and non-driving related tasks. Sleep quality affected next day's driving performance differently for OSA and control drivers. Better sleep quality was associated with better lateral and longitudinal control during highway driving for control drivers...
2017: Proceedings of the ... International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design
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