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distracted driving

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544953/designing-feedback-to-mitigate-teen-distracted-driving-a-social-norms-approach
#1
Maryam Merrikhpour, Birsen Donmez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research is to investigate teens' perceived social norms and whether providing normative information can reduce distracted driving behaviors among them. BACKGROUND: Parents are among the most important social referents for teens; they have significant influences on teens' driving behaviors, including distracted driving which significantly contributes to teens' crash risks. Social norms interventions have been successfully applied in various domains including driving; however, this approach is yet to be explored for mitigating driver distraction among teens...
May 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538628/the-east-s-injury-control-and-violence-prevention-committee-s-annual-distracted-driving-outreach-event-evaluating-attitude-and-behavior-change-in-high-school-students
#2
Lisa Allee, Tracey Dechert, Sowmya R Rao, Marie Crandall, Ashley Christmas, Alexander Eastman, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Statistics and Analysis report at least 8 deaths and 1,160 daily injuries due to distracted driving (DD) in the U.S. Drivers under age 20 are most likely to incur a distraction related fatal crash. We aimed to determine short and long term impact of a multi-modal educational program including student developed interventions, simulated driving experiences, and presentations by law enforcement and medical personnel. METHODS: A single day program aimed at teen DD prevention was conducted at a high school targeting students age 15 to 19 years old...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538529/promoting-driver-safety-by-avoiding-distracted-driving-behaviors
#3
Lynn C Parsons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537009/modeling-cognitive-load-effects-of-conversation-between-a-passenger-and-driver
#4
Gabriel Tillman, David Strayer, Ami Eidels, Andrew Heathcote
Cognitive load from secondary tasks is a source of distraction causing injuries and fatalities on the roadway. The Detection Response Task (DRT) is an international standard for assessing cognitive load on drivers' attention that can be performed as a secondary task with little to no measurable effect on the primary driving task. We investigated whether decrements in DRT performance were related to the rate of information processing, levels of response caution, or the non-decision processing of drivers. We had pairs of participants take part in the DRT while performing a simulated driving task, manipulated cognitive load via the conversation between driver and passenger, and observed associated slowing in DRT response time...
May 23, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537005/active-listening-delays-attentional-disengagement-and-saccadic-eye-movements
#5
Benjamin D Lester, Shaun P Vecera
Successful goal-directed visual behavior depends on efficient disengagement of attention. Attention must be withdrawn from its current focus before being redeployed to a new object or internal process. Previous research has demonstrated that occupying cognitive processes with a secondary cellular phone conversation impairs attentional functioning and driving behavior. For example, attentional processing is significantly impacted by concurrent cell phone use, resulting in decreased explicit memory for on-road information...
May 23, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535478/the-effect-of-billboard-design-specifications-on-driving-a-pilot-study
#6
Hadas Marciano, Pe'erly Setter
Decades of research on the effects of advertising billboards on road accident rates, driver performance, and driver visual scanning behavior, has produced no conclusive findings. We suggest that road safety researchers should shift their focus and attempt to identify the billboard characteristics that are most distracting to drivers. This line of research may produce concrete guidelines for permissible billboards that would be likely to reduce the influence of the billboards on road safety. The current study is a first step towards this end...
May 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534644/a-spectral-power-analysis-of-driving-behavior-changes-during-the-transition-from-non-distraction-to-distraction
#7
Yuan Wang, Shan Bao, Wenjun Du, Zhirui Ye, James R Sayer
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigated and compared frequency-domain and time-domain characteristics of drivers' behavior before and after the start of distracted driving. METHOD: Data from an existing naturalistic driving study were used. Fast Fourier transform (FFT) was applied for the frequency domain analysis to explore drivers' behavior pattern changes between non-distracted (pre-starting of visual-manual task) and distracted (post-starting of visual-manual task) driving periods...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525349/distracted-driving-on-youtube-implications-for-adolescents
#8
Corey H Basch, Christina Mouser, Ashley Clark
For the first time in 50 years, traffic fatalities have increased in the United States (US). With the emergence of technology, comes the possibility, that distracted driving has contributed to a decrease in safe driving practices. The purpose of this study was to describe the content on the popular video sharing site, YouTube to ascertain the type of content conveyed in videos that are widely viewed. The 100 most widely viewed English language videos were included in this sample, with a collective number of views of over 35 million...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504303/distracted-walking-bicycling-and-driving-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-mobile-technology-and-youth-crash-risk
#9
Despina Stavrinos, Caitlin N Pope, Jiabin Shen, David C Schwebel
This article examined the impact of mobile technology on young pedestrians, bicyclists, and drivers. A systematic search yielded 41 articles meeting inclusion criteria: peer-reviewed, published before February 1, 2016, behavioral outcome related to pedestrian, bicycling, or driving in the presence of mobile technology use, youth sample. Eleven studies were meta-analyzed to evaluate increased risk for crash/near-crash while distracted. Risk of bias and quality of research were assessed. Across methodologies, developmental stages, and type of distracting task, mobile technology use impairs youth safety on the road...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502406/steering-the-conversation-a-linguistic-exploration-of-natural-language-interactions-with-a-digital-assistant-during-simulated-driving
#10
David R Large, Leigh Clark, Annie Quandt, Gary Burnett, Lee Skrypchuk
Given the proliferation of 'intelligent' and 'socially-aware' digital assistants embodying everyday mobile technology - and the undeniable logic that utilising voice-activated controls and interfaces in cars reduces the visual and manual distraction of interacting with in-vehicle devices - it appears inevitable that next generation vehicles will be embodied by digital assistants and utilise spoken language as a method of interaction. From a design perspective, defining the language and interaction style that a digital driving assistant should adopt is contingent on the role that they play within the social fabric and context in which they are situated...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492867/distracted-driving-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Vishal Madaan, Daniel J Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485017/child-and-adolescent-use-of-mobile-phones-an-unparalleled-complex-developmental-phenomenon
#12
Zheng Yan
This article addresses why children's use of mobile phones is an unparalleled complex developmental phenomenon in hopes of providing a broad context for this special section. It first outlines mobile phones as a sophisticated personalized and multifunction technology. Then it presents mobile phone use by children as an unparalleled complex developmental phenomenon on the basis of its four behavioral elements, two mobile cultures, and two developmental processes. It further illustrates the existing knowledge about children's mobile phones use that has been accumulated over the past 23 years and highlights 12 most studied topics, especially distracted driving and radiation exposure...
May 9, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459777/analysis-of-explanted-magnetically-controlled-growing-rods-from-7-uk-spinal-centers
#13
Thomas J Joyce, Simon L Smith, Paul R P Rushton, Andrew J Bowey, Michael J Gibson
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of explanted MAGnetic Expansion Control (MAGEC) growing rods. OBJECTIVE: To analyze explanted MAGEC rods used in management of early onset scoliosis and identify the mode of failure in such cases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Magnetically controlled growing rods are increasingly used as the option of choice for early onset scoliosis. However, being more complex than conventional growing rods they are perhaps more likely to succumb to multifarious failure modes...
April 28, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458017/adolescent-and-adult-drivers-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-with-different-interlocutors
#14
Jessica H Mirman, Dennis R Durbin, Yi-Ching Lee, Sara J Seifert
PURPOSE: We examined the frequency of adolescents' and their parents' mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) in the context of their peer and parent-child interlocutors (i.e., communication partners), considering individual differences in perceived risk and symptoms of technology addiction. METHODS: Ninety-four participants (47 parent-adolescent dyads) completed a survey battery measuring their symptoms of technology addiction, perceived risk of MPUWD, and MPUWD with family members and with their peers as assessed via the proportion of trips when drivers used a mobile phone to communicate...
April 27, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454868/brake-reactions-of-distracted-drivers-to-pedestrian-forward-collision-warning-systems
#15
Nils Lubbe
INTRODUCTION: Forward Collision Warning (FCW) can be effective in directing driver attention towards a conflict and thereby aid in preventing or mitigating collisions. FCW systems aiming at pedestrian protection have been introduced onto the market, yet an assessment of their safety benefits depends on the accurate modeling of driver reactions when the system is activated. This study contributes by quantifying brake reaction time and brake behavior (deceleration levels and jerk) to compare the effectiveness of an audio-visual warning only, an added haptic brake pulse warning, and an added Head-Up Display in reducing the frequency of collisions with pedestrians...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454863/distracting-behaviors-among-teenagers-and-young-middle-aged-and-older-adult-drivers-when-driving-without-and-with-warnings-from-an-integrated-vehicle-safety-system
#16
David G Kidd, Mary Lynn Buonarosa
INTRODUCTION: Negative reinforcement from crash warnings may reduce the likelihood that drivers engage in distracted driving. Alternatively, drivers may compensate for the perceived safety benefit of crash warnings by engaging in distractions more frequently, especially at higher speeds. The purpose of this study was to examine whether warning feedback from an integrated vehicle-based safety system affected the likelihood that various secondary behaviors were present among drivers ages 16-17, 20-30, 40-50, and 60-70...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441517/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-driving-does-in-vehicle-distraction-affect-driving-performance
#17
Ion N Beratis, Dimosthenis Pavlou, Eleonora Papadimitriou, Nikolaos Andronas, Dionysia Kontaxopoulou, Stella Fragkiadaki, George Yannis, Sokratis G Papageorgiou
OBJECTIVES: In-vehicle distraction is considered to be an important cause of road accidents. Drivers with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), because of their attenuated cognitive resources, may be vulnerable to the effects of distraction; however, previous relevant research is lacking. The main objective of the current study was to explore the effect of in-vehicle distraction on the driving performance of MCI patients, by assessing their reaction time at unexpected incidents and accident probability...
April 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433773/who-s-calling-social-networks-and-mobile-phone-use-among-motorcyclists
#18
Chris De Gruyter, Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen
Mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle poses a key safety risk, particularly among younger people who have been found to be more susceptible to distracted driving. While previous research has examined the influence of social networks on mobile phone use while driving a car, no research has explored this association in the context of motorcycle use. Using a survey of university students in Vietnam, this research explores the association between social networks and mobile phone use among motorcyclists and the links this has to reported crashes/falls...
April 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399463/distraction-or-cognitive-overload-using-modulations-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-to-discriminate-the-possible-negative-effects-of-advanced-assistance-system
#19
D Ruscio, A J Bos, M R Ciceri
The interaction with Advanced Driver Assistance Systems has several positive implications for road safety, but also some potential downsides such as mental workload and automation complacency. Malleable attentional resources allocation theory describes two possible processes that can generate workload in interaction with advanced assisting devices. The purpose of the present study is to determine if specific analysis of the different modalities of autonomic control of nervous system can be used to discriminate different potential workload processes generated during assisted-driving tasks and automation complacency situations...
April 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383972/sustained-attention-in-the-face-of-distractors-a-study-of-children-with-rett-syndrome
#20
Susan A Rose, Sam Wass, Jeffery J Jankowski, Judith F Feldman, Aleksandra Djukic
OBJECTIVE: The object of the present study is to advance our understanding of the cognitive profile of Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene. We focus on sustained attention, which plays a critical role in driving cognitive growth, and use an innovative, gaze-based task that minimizes demands on the limited verbal and motor abilities associated with RTT. METHOD: The task required the ability to sustain attention on a visual target (a butterfly) while inhibiting a prepotent response to look to moving distractors (trees and clouds) presented in the peripheral visual field...
April 6, 2017: Neuropsychology
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