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Diabetes in CKD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935079/falls-and-fall-related-injuries-among-us-adults-aged-65-or-older-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Brandon M Kistler, Jagdish Khubchandani, Gina Jakubowicz, Kenneth Wilund, Jacob Sosnoff
INTRODUCTION: Falls are among the leading causes of injury and death among adults aged 65 or older. People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of falling and of having a serious injury from falls. However, information is limited about risk factors for falls and fall-related injuries among people with CKD. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 157,753 adults (6.1% with CKD) aged 65 or older surveyed in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933406/anemia-modifies-the-prognostic-value-of-glycated-hemoglobin-in-patients-with-diabetic-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
I-Ching Kuo, Hugo You-Hsien Lin, Sheng-Wen Niu, Jia-Jung Lee, Yi-Wen Chiu, Chi-Chih Hung, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Hung-Chun Chen
A common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD), anemia can influence glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. In diabetic patients, anemia occurs earlier and with higher severity over the course of CKD stages. To elucidate the effect of hemoglobin (Hb) on the predictive value of HbA1c, we enrolled 1558 diabetic patients with stages 3-4 CKD, categorized according to baseline Hb and HbA1c quartiles. Linear regression revealed that higher HbA1c correlated significantly with higher Hb in the Hb < 10 g/dL group (β = 0...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931675/correlations-between-plasma-strontium-concentration-components-of-calcium-and-phosphate-metabolism-and-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Y S Van den Berkhof, C M Gant, R Maatman, A De Graaf, G J Navis, S J L Bakker, G D Laverman
BACKGROUND: Renal function decline in diabetic kidney disease is accompanied by calcium and phosphate metabolism alterations. Whereas Strontium (Sr2+ ) has many similarities with calcium, little is known about Sr2+ in this respect. We studied the association of plasma Sr2+ concentration and parameters associated with an altered calcium and phosphate metabolism in diabetic kidney disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma Sr2+ concentration was measured in 450 patients included in the DIAbetes and LifEstyle Cohort Twente-1...
June 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930419/-impact-of-anemia-and-chronic-kidney-disease-on-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-among-diabetic-patients
#4
C Yang, J W Wang, Y Z Yang, K H Bai, B X Gao, M H Zhao, L X Zhang, S L Wu, F Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between anemia and cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among diabetic patients, and whether the association is modified by the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Physical examination data of 8 563 patients with diabetes who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria between 2010 and 2011 were collected, based on the prospective cohort data of Kailuan study. The deadline of the follow-up was December 31, 2015, and the endpoints comprised all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930407/-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-community-based-patients-with-diabetes
#5
H B Lin, Y Chen, P Shen, X Y Li, Y Q Si, D D Zhang, X Tang, P Gao
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence rate and effects of risk factors on chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Chinese patients with diabetes, based on Electronic Health Records (EHRs) from the Chinese Electronic health Records Research in Yinzhou (CHERRY) Study. METHODS: Using the CHERRY cohort study with the individual-level information on chronic disease management; and health administrative, clinical and laboratory databases, patients with diabetes without kidney disease at baseline were enrolled and followed up from January 2009 through December 2016...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929484/contemporary-rates-and-predictors-of-fast-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Alan S Go, Jingrong Yang, Thida C Tan, Claudia S Cabrera, Bergur V Stefansson, Peter J Greasley, Juan D Ordonez
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent but identification of patients at high risk for fast CKD progression before reaching end-stage renal disease in the short-term has been challenging. Whether factors associated with fast progression vary by diabetes status is also not well understood. We examined a large community-based cohort of adults with CKD to identify predictors of fast progression during the first 2 years of follow-up in the presence or absence of diabetes mellitus...
June 22, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927457/validated-registry-of-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-description-of-a-large-cohort
#7
Rosalia Maria Nunes Henriques Huaira, Rogerio Baumgratz de Paula, Marcus Gomes Bastos, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati, Natália Maria da Silva Fernandes
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases account for the majority of deaths in Brazil. These include hypertension (SAH) and diabetes mellitus (DM), which are the main causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to validate the data of an electronic health record and to point out characteristics of the profile of these users in relation to clinical quality indicators for a pre-dialytic CKD. METHODS: Retrospective cohort, August/2010 to December/2014...
June 7, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926368/the-effect-of-periodontal-disease-treatment-in-patients-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#8
Zekeriya Tasdemir, Funda Özsarı Tasdemir, Cem Gürgan, Eray Eroglu, Inayet Gunturk, Ismail Kocyigit
PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation is an obvious risk factor of atherosclerotic diseases, and the presence of periodontal disease is one of the important sources of chronic inflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Thus, we aimed to investigate the effects of non-surgical periodontal therapy of the patients undergoing CAPD due to diabetic nephropathy, diabetic patients without CKD, and healthy controls on inflammation exponents. METHODS: Thirty-two CAPD patients due to diabetic nephropathy (group III), 31 diabetic patients without nephropathy (group II), and 38 healthy subjects (group I) were enrolled to the study...
June 20, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925069/vasopressin-and-diabetic-kidney-disease
#9
Ray El Boustany
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy has become the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the progress accomplished in therapy, the prevalence of renal disorders remains high. Some modifiable factors driving the increase in incidence of CKD, in diabetes and other settings, might have been overlooked. Consistent evidence supports a role for vasopressin, hydration state, and urine concentration in kidney health. SUMMARY: Plasma vasopressin is elevated in diabetes, even if metabolic control is good...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925066/the-vasopressin-system-in-the-risk-of-diabetes-and-cardiorenal-disease-and-hydration-as-a-potential-lifestyle-intervention
#10
Sofia Enhörning, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its cardiovascular complications are increasing as health problems worldwide. These diseases are interrelated with overlapping occurrence and once diabetes is established, the risk of cardiorenal disease is dramatically elevated. Thus, a search for unifying modifiable risk factors is key for effective prevention. SUMMARY: Elevated fasting plasma concentration of vasopressin, measured with the marker copeptin, predicts new onset type 2 diabetes as well as renal function decline...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924288/dietary-intake-of-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-the-progredir-study-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Alisson Diego Machado, Fernanda Silva Nogueira Dos Anjos, Maria Alice Muniz Domingos, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Dirce Maria Lobo Marchioni, Isabela Judith Martins Benseñor, Silvia Maria de Oliveira Titan
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that diet is very important in relation to chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, studies in this field are scarce and have focused only on some specific nutrients. We evaluated the energy, macronutrient and micronutrient intakes and dietary patterns of non-dialysis CKD participants in the PROGREDIR study. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study; CKD cohort, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Baseline data on 454 participants in the PROGREDIR study were analyzed...
June 18, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923427/renoprotective-effects-of-canagliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitor-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-open-label-prospective-trial
#12
Hiroyuki Takashima, Yoshinori Yoshida, Chinami Nagura, Tetsuya Furukawa, Ritsukou Tei, Takashi Maruyama, Noriaki Maruyama, Masanori Abe
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the renoprotective effects of canagliflozin, we assessed the albuminuria-lowering effect in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, parallel-group study, type 2 diabetes patients with CKD were randomized to receive either oral canagliflozin (100 mg/day) or usual care (control group) for 52 weeks. Endpoints included changes in urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), other urinary biomarkers, laboratory parameters, and adverse events...
June 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915707/increased-chronic-kidney-disease-development-and-progression-in-diabetic-patients-after-appendectomy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Chin-Hua Chang, Chew-Teng Kor, Chia-Lin Wu, Ping-Fang Chiu, Jhao-Rong Li, Chun-Chieh Tsai, Teng-Hsiang Chang, Chia-Chu Chang
Background: The vermiform appendix serves as a "safe house" for maintaining normal gut bacteria and appendectomy may impair the intestinal microbiota. Appendectomy is expected to profoundly alter the immune system and modulate the pathogenic inflammatory immune responses of the gut. Recent studies have shown that a dysbiotic gut increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Therefore, we hypothesized that appendectomy would increase the risk of CKD...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915131/medication-safety-principles-and-practice-in-ckd
#14
Chanel F Whittaker, Margaret A Miklich, Roshni S Patel, Jeffrey C Fink
Ensuring patient safety is a priority of medical care because iatrogenic injury has been a primary concern. Medications are an important source of medical errors, and kidney disease is a thoroughfare of factors threatening safe administration of medicines. Principal among these is reduced kidney function because almost half of all medications used are eliminated via the kidney. Additionally, kidney patients often suffer from multimorbidity, including diabetes, hypertension, and heart failure, with a range of prescribers who often do not coordinate treatments...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914761/chronic-kidney-disease-in-spain-prevalence-and-impact-of-accumulation-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#15
Manuel Gorostidi, Mercedes Sánchez-Martínez, Luis M Ruilope, Auxiliadora Graciani, Juan J de la Cruz, Rafael Santamaría, María D Del Pino, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando de Álvaro, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, José R Banegas
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem worldwide. We aimed to estimate the CKD prevalence in Spain and to examine the impact of the accumulation of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a nationwide, population-based survey evaluating 11,505 individuals representative of the Spanish adult population. Information was collected through standardised questionnaires, physical examination, and analysis of blood and urine samples in a central laboratory...
June 15, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909935/ckd-and-sedentary-time-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#16
Tamara Glavinovic, Thomas Ferguson, Paul Komenda, Claudio Rigatto, Todd A Duhamel, Navdeep Tangri, Clara Bohm
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are associated with incident diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and early mortality. Previous studies have examined associations between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and physical activity, but little is known about the role of sedentary time. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional national survey. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of adults (n=8,444) participating in the Canadian Health Measures Survey's (CHMS) activity monitoring component (2007-2013)...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909773/chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study-of-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#17
Jiahui Si, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Chenxi Qin, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Li Yin, Hui Li, Jian Lan, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Jun Lv, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence remains inconclusive as to the association between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We prospectively examined the association between chronic HBV infection and CKD risk, and the joint associations of HBV infection with established risk factors of several lifestyle factors and prevalent diseases on CKD risk. METHODS: Participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank were enrolled during 2004-2008 and followed up until 31 December 2015...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907699/decline-in-kidney-function-among-apparently-healthy-young-adults-at-risk-of-mesoamerican-nephropathy
#18
Marvin Gonzalez-Quiroz, Evangelia-Theano Smpokou, Richard J Silverwood, Armando Camacho, Dorien Faber, Brenda La Rosa Garcia, Amin Oomatia, Michael Hill, Jason Glaser, Jennifer Le Blond, Catharina Wesseling, Aurora Aragon, Liam Smeeth, Neil Pearce, Dorothea Nitsch, Ben Caplin
Background Epidemic levels of CKD of undetermined cause, termed Mesoamerican nephropathy in Central America, have been found in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the natural history of, and factors associated with, loss of kidney function in a population at high risk for this disease. Methods We conducted a 2-year prospective, longitudinal study with follow-up every 6 months in nine rural communities in northwestern Nicaragua and included all men ( n =263) and a random sample of women ( n =87) ages 18-30 years old without self-reported CKD, diabetes, or hypertension...
June 15, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906428/effects-of-coffee-intake-on-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-community-based-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Jong Hyun Jhee, Ki Heon Nam, Seong Yeong An, Min-Uk Cha, Misol Lee, Seohyun Park, Hyoungnae Kim, Hae-Ryong Yun, Youn Kyung Kee, Jung Tak Park, Tae-Ik Chang, Ea Wha Kang, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang, Seung Hyeok Han
BACKGROUND: Drinking coffee can raise public health problems, but the association between coffee and kidney disease is unknown. We studied whether coffee intake can affect the development of chronic kidney disease in the general population. METHODS: We analyzed 8717 subjects with normal renal function recruited from the KoGES cohort. Based on food frequency questionnaire, coffee consumption was categorized into five groups: 0/week, <1 cup/week, 1-6 cups/week, 1 cup/day, and ≥2 cups/day...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898822/is-increased-uric-acid-a-risk-factor-or-a-defensive-response-the-campania-salute-network
#20
C Mancusi, R Izzo, L A Ferrara, F Rozza, M A Losi, G Canciello, M Pepe, N de Luca, B Trimarco, G de Simone
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Circulating uric acid (UA) is positively associated with body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), markers of inflammation, and altered lipid profile. UA has also anti-oxidative properties which might be beneficial for cardiovascular (CV) system. It is still debated whether or not UA is independently associated with increased CV morbidity and/or mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied prognostic impact of UA in 8833 hypertensive adults (mean age 53 ± 12 yrs, 3857 women) from the Campania Salute Network, without prevalent CV disease and more than stage 3 CKD...
May 4, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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