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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224181/social-cognition-and-aggression-in-methamphetamine-dependence-with-and-without-a-history-of-psychosis
#1
Anne Uhlmann, Jonathan C Ipser, Don Wilson, Dan J Stein
In substance use and psychotic disorders, socially problematic behaviours, such as high aggression may, in part, be explained by deficits in social cognition skills, like the detection of emotions or intentions in others. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of social cognition impairment and its association with aggression in individuals with methamphetamine (MA) dependence, methamphetamine-associated psychosis (MAP), and healthy controls (CTRL). A total of 20 MAP participants, 21 MA-dependent participants without psychosis, and 21 CTRL participants performed a facial morphing emotion recognition task (ERT) across four basic emotions (anger, fear, happiness and sadness) and the reading the mind in the eyes task (RMET), and completed the aggression questionnaire...
December 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224024/association-of-the-tg-hdl-c-and-non-hdl-c-hdl-c-ratios-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-an-adult-chinese-population
#2
Jia Wen, Yiyin Chen, Yun Huang, Yao Lu, Xing Liu, Honghao Zhou, Hong Yuan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Evidence indicates a role for dyslipidemia in the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the association of lipid abnormalities and their ratios with kidney disease using the new CKD Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation is not well understood. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 48,054 adult subjects. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 or dipstick-positive proteinuria...
December 8, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224006/epigenetic-regulation-of-the-promotor-region-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-a-and-nerve-growth-factor-in-opioid-maintained-patients
#3
Adrian Groh, Kirsten Jahn, Alexandra Burkert, Alexandra Neyazi, Laura Schares, Eva Janke, Marie Rehme, Rilana Schuster, Thomas Hillemacher, Stefan Bleich, Helge Frieling, Annemarie Heberlein
AIMS: The nerve growth factor (NGF) and the vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) may be of importance for psychiatric diseases including substance use disorders. The aim of the study was to identify differences in the regulation of both neuropeptides via the DNA-methylation status of the promotor regions of NGF and VEGF-A in different forms of maintenance therapy for opioid dependence and the related stress regulation via the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. METHODS: We compared methylation levels of opioid-dependent patients receiving treatment with diamorphine (n = 28) or levomethadone (n = 54) and similar levels in a healthy control group (n = 72)...
December 8, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223933/task-based-and-resting-state-fmri-reveal-compensatory-network-changes-following-damage-to-left-inferior-frontal-gyrus
#4
Glyn P Hallam, Hannah E Thompson, Mark Hymers, Rebecca E Millman, Jennifer M Rodd, Matthew A Lambon Ralph, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies
Damage to left inferior prefrontal cortex in stroke aphasia is associated with semantic deficits reflecting poor control over conceptual retrieval, as opposed to loss of knowledge. However, little is known about how functional recruitment within the semantic network changes in patients with executive-semantic deficits. The current study acquired functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from 14 patients with semantic aphasia, who had difficulty with flexible semantic retrieval following left prefrontal damage, and 16 healthy age-matched controls, allowing us to examine activation and connectivity in the semantic network...
October 17, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223932/pregnancy-related-knowledge-of-women-with-epilepsy-an-internet-based-survey-in-german-speaking-countries
#5
Carolin Dierking, Thomas Porschen, Uwe Walter, Johannes Rösche
There are several issues, which have to be acknowledged, when treating women with epilepsy (WWE). The need for counseling WWE in Germany with epilepsy on pregnancy-related matters was stressed in several papers and medical guidelines. Physicians treating WWE in Germany therefore should be aware of the information needs of their patients. We aimed to determine the level of pregnancy-related knowledge of WWE and their informational needs concerning pregnancy and childbirth issues in German-speaking countries by an internet-based survey...
December 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223913/prevalence-of-childhood-trauma-and-correlations-between-childhood-trauma-suicidal-ideation-and-social-support-in-patients-with-depression-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia-in-southern-china
#6
Peng Xie, Kai Wu, Yingjun Zheng, Yangbo Guo, Yuling Yang, Jianfei He, Yi Ding, Hongjun Peng
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has long-term adverse effects on physical and psychological health. Previous studies demonstrated that suicide and mental disorders were related to childhood trauma. In China, there is insufficient research available on childhood trauma in patients with mental disorders. METHODS: Outpatients were recruited from a psychiatric hospital in southern China, and controls were recruited from local communities. The demographic questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), and the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) were completed by all participants, and the Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS) were completed only by patients...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223855/increased-adam10-expression-in-patients-with-immune-thrombocytopenia
#7
Jianlin Qiao, Qi Luo, Na Liu, Guangyu Wei, Xiaoqing Wu, Jun Lu, Kai Tang, Yulu Wu, Jie Zi, Xiaoqian Li, Yun Liu, Wen Ju, Kunming Qi, Zhiling Yan, Zhenyu Li, Lingyu Zeng, Kailin Xu
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disease, which is characterized by abnormal of T immunity. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) 10, a member of proteinase family, has been demonstrated to regulate T cell proliferation and effector function. Considering the closely association of dysregulation of T cell function with ITP, whether ADAM10 involves in the pathogenesis of ITP remains unclear. In this study, 54 active ITP patients, 18 ITP in remission and 24 age and gender matched healthy control were enrolled...
December 7, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#8
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223720/serum-periostin-is-associated-with-body-mass-index-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-healthy-and-asthmatic-subjects
#9
Hirokazu Kimura, Satoshi Konno, Hironi Makita, Natsuko Taniguchi, Hiroki Kimura, Houman Goudarzi, Kaoruko Shimizu, Masaru Suzuki, Noriharu Shijubo, Katsunori Shigehara, Junya Ono, Kenji Izuhara, Yoichi Minagawa Ito, Masaharu Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Many studies have attempted to clarify the factors associated with serum periostin levels in asthmatic patients. However, these results were based on studies of subjects mainly characterized by high eosinophil counts, which may present as an obstacle for clarification in the identification of other factors associated with serum periostin levels. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with serum periostin levels in healthy subjects. We also assessed some factors in asthmatic subjects to confirm their extrapolation for management of asthma...
December 6, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223712/correlated-colour-temperature-of-morning-light-influences-alertness-and-body-temperature
#10
Marije Te Kulve, Luc Schlangen, Lisje Schellen, Jan L Souman, Wouter van Marken Lichtenbelt
Though several studies have reported human alertness to be affected by the intensity and spectral composition of ambient light, the mechanism behind this effect is still largely unclear, especially for daytime exposure. Alerting effects of nocturnal light exposure are correlated with melatonin suppression, but melatonin levels are generally low during the day. The aim of this study was to explore the alerting effect of light in the morning for different correlated colour temperature (CCT) values, as well as its interaction with ambient temperature...
December 6, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223681/language-processing-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-associated-with-unique-functional-connectivity-signatures-in-the-right-hemisphere
#11
Jie Zhuang, David J Madden, Xuan Duong-Fernandez, Nan-Kuei Chen, Scott W Cousins, Guy G Potter, Michele T Diaz, Heather E Whitson
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal disease associated with significant vision loss among older adults. Previous large-scale behavioral studies indicate that people with AMD are at increased risk of cognitive deficits in language processing, particularly in verbal fluency tasks. The neural underpinnings of any relationship between AMD and higher cognitive functions, such as language processing, remain unclear. This study aims to address this issue using independent component analysis of spontaneous brain activity at rest...
November 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223680/dysregulation-of-c-x-c-motif-ligand-10-during-aging-and-association-with-cognitive-performance
#12
Steven Bradburn, Jamie McPhee, Liam Bagley, Michael Carroll, Mark Slevin, Nasser Al-Shanti, Yoann Barnouin, Jean-Yves Hogrel, Mati Pääsuke, Helena Gapeyeva, Andrea Maier, Sarianna Sipilä, Marco Narici, Andrew Robinson, David Mann, Antony Payton, Neil Pendleton, Gillian Butler-Browne, Chris Murgatroyd
Chronic low-grade inflammation during aging (inflammaging) is associated with cognitive decline and neurodegeneration; however, the mechanisms underlying inflammaging are unclear. We studied a population (n = 361) of healthy young and old adults from the MyoAge cohort. Peripheral levels of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) was found to be higher in older adults, compared with young, and negatively associated with working memory performance. This coincided with an age-related reduction in blood DNA methylation at specific CpGs within the CXCL10 gene promoter...
November 23, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223651/effects-of-the-rigid-gas-permeable-contact-lense-use-on-tear-and-ocular-surface-among-keratoconus-patients
#13
Cansu Yuksel Elgin, Guzin Iskeleli, Ovgu Aydin
PURPOSE: To investigate changes in tear and ocular surface of patients with keratoconus using rigid gas permeable contact lenses (RGPCL) and compare them against keratoconus patients who were not using lenses as well as a control group of healthy subjects. METHODS: 24 keratoconus patients using RGPCL (Group 1) 22 patients who were not using lenses (Group 3) and 21 healthy subjects (Group 3) were included in the study. Subjective complaints about the subjects' eyes have been investigated using the ocular-surface disease index (OSDI)...
December 6, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223635/three-dimensional-superimposition-for-patients-with-facial-palsy-an-innovative-method-for-assessing-the-success-of-facial-reanimation-procedures
#14
C Sforza, E Ulaj, D M Gibelli, F Allevi, V Pucciarelli, F Tarabbia, D Ciprandi, G Dell'Aversana Orabona, C Dolci, F Biglioli
Facial palsy is a severe condition that may be ameliorated by facial reanimation, but there is no consensus about how to judge its success. In this study we aimed to test a new method for assessing facial movements based on 3-dimensional analysis of the facial surfaces. Eleven patients aged between 42 and 77 years who had recently been affected by facial palsy (onset between 6 and 18 months) were treated by an operation based on triple innervation: the masseteric to temporofacial nerve branch, 30% of the hypoglossal fibres to the cervicofacial nerve branch, and the contralateral facial nerve through two cross-face sural nerve grafts...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223621/does-observation-of-a-disabled-child-s-action-moderate-action-execution-implication-for-the-use-of-action-observation-therapy-for-patient-rehabilitation
#15
Marie Alsamour, Maxime Gilliaux, Anne Renders, Thierry Lejeune, Gaëtan Stoquart, Martin Gareth Edwards
BACKGROUND: Research investigating action observation-execution priming has mainly manipulated congruent versus incongruent action, and aspects of action expertise/capability. More specifically, the literature suggests enhanced performance priming following action observation by actors closely matched to participant expertise. The aim of the present study was to extend the understanding of action expertise effects by investigating action priming in healthy participants after observing a mild hemiparetic child actor versus a neurologically healthy child actor...
November 15, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223530/diet-quality-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-and-the-impact-of-nutritional-counseling
#16
Andréia Silva Fernandes, Christiane Ishikawa Ramos, Fabiana Baggio Nerbass, Lilian Cuppari
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate the quality of the diet of nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease and to investigate the impact of dietary counseling in the quality of the diet of these patients. METHODS: In the cross-sectional analysis, 3-day food records of 100 nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease patients, in the first visit to the renal dietitians, were evaluated using the Diet Quality Index (DQI)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223425/assessing-age-dependent-multi-task-functional-co-activation-changes-using-measures-of-task-potency
#17
Roselyne J Chauvin, Maarten Mennes, Jan K Buitelaar, Christian F Beckmann
It is being hypothesised that the developing adolescent brain is increasingly enlisting long-range connectivity, allowing improved communication between spatially distant brain regions. The developmental trajectories of such maturational changes remain elusive. Here, we aim to study how the brain engages in multiple tasks (working memory, reward processing, and inhibition) at the network-level and evaluate how effects of age across these tasks are related to each other. We characterise how the brain departs from its functional baseline architecture towards task-induced functional connectivity modulations using a novel measure called task potency, allowing direct comparison between tasks by defining sensitivity to one or multiple tasks...
December 5, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223409/obtaining-adequate-tension-for-extensor-hallucis-longus-tendon-rupture-repair-using-wide-awake-surgery-a-case-report
#18
Takenori Matsuda, Akira Taniguchi, Koji Hayashi, Yasuaki Nakanishi, Yasuhito Tanaka
Wide-awake surgery has potential advantages for treating extensor or flexor tendon injury. We present a case of chronic extensor hallucis longus injury treated with turn-down reconstruction using wide-awake surgery with a selective nerve block. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case reported. The patient had dropped a knife proximal to the right hallux metatarsophalangeal joint. Because direct suturing was thought to be difficult, turn-down reconstruction was performed under a selective nerve block...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223329/the-impact-of-psychosis-on-brain-anatomy-in-bipolar-disorder-a-structural-mri-study
#19
A Carlo Altamura, Eleonora Maggioni, Taj Dhanoa, Valentina Ciappolino, Riccardo A Paoli, Laura Cremaschi, Cecilia Prunas, Giulia Orsenigo, Elisabetta Caletti, Claudia M Cinnante, Fabio M Triulzi, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Lakshmi Yatham, Paolo Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric illness characterized by heterogeneous symptoms including psychotic features. Up until now, neuroimaging studies investigating cerebral morphology in patients with BD have underestimated the potential impact of psychosis on brain anatomy in BD patients. In this regard, psychotic and non-psychotic BD may represent biologically different subtypes of the disorder, being possibly associated with specific cerebral features. METHODS: In the present study, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3T was used to identify the neuroanatomical correlates of psychosis in an International sample of BD patients...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223229/comparison-of-a-new-scheimpflug-imaging-combined-with-partial-coherence-interferometry-biometer-and-a-low-coherence-reflectometry-biometer
#20
Ramón Ruiz-Mesa, Antonio Abengózar-Vela, María Ruiz-Santos
PURPOSE: To evaluate the repeatability of a new biometer using Scheimpflug technology combined with partial coherence interferometry (PCI) (Pentacam AXL) and its agreement with a device based on optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR), the Allegro Biograph. SETTING: Oftalvist Centro Integral Ocular Jerez, Jerez de la Frontera, Spain. DESIGN: Evaluation of a diagnostic test. METHODS: The mean keratometry (K), central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and axial length (AL) were measured with the 2 devices 3 times by the same examiner in 2 groups (patients with cataract and patients without cataract)...
November 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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