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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727703/intrathecal-morphine-improves-hemodynamic-parameters-and-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#1
Hamed Elgendy, Hatem A R Helmy
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal morphine (ITM) has been used in hopes of providing good postoperative analgesia in cardiac surgery. Little is known about its use in isolated aortic valve replacement surgery. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of 7 µ/kg ITM administration in aortic valve replacement in regards to hemodynamics, pain score, and postoperative complications when compared to general anesthesia alone. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind trial...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725244/optimal-perioperative-anesthesia-management-for-gynecologic-interstitial-brachytherapy
#2
Alison A Nielsen, Tehani A Liyanage, Gary S Leiserowitz, Jyoti Mayadev
PURPOSE: To propose an optimal perioperative pain management clinical care pathway for interstitial brachytherapy for gynecologic cancer based on our interdepartmental experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 23 women who underwent 32 interstitial brachytherapy procedures for gynecological cancers, analyzing patient demographics, type of anesthetic, medications, postoperative pain scores, adverse events, and delays in discharge. We measured the association of postoperative nausea and/or vomiting (PONV) with hydromorphone use, and postoperative pain scores and total narcotic administration with type of anesthesia...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723765/perioperative-management-of-intracardiac-leiomyomatosis-an-observational-cohort-study
#3
Jiaying Xu, Min Wei, Qi Miao, Bin Zhu, Chunhua Yu, Yuguang Huang
Intracardiac leiomyomatosis (ICLM) is a rare condition in which the benign tumor extends into the right heart chambers through inferior vena cava. The best surgical approach still remains unclear.We present a retrospective cohort of 36 patients diagnosed with ICLM in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2002 and 2016.The mean patient age was 44.5 (range 25-55) years. The clinical manifestations were various, including shortness of breath, chest tightness, edema of the lower extremities, palpitations, syncope, etc...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723732/role-of-anesthesia-in-endovascular-stroke-therapy
#4
Arthur Wang, Apolonia E Abramowicz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent randomized clinical trials have demonstrated strong efficacy of endovascular therapy (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) from large vessel occlusions; in the USA alone, tens of thousands of patients annually may benefit. The impact of the type of anesthesia used during mechanical thrombectomy on patient outcomes remains controversial. This review discusses the current literature on the effects of anesthesia type on patient outcome following endovascular stroke therapy...
July 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723308/percutaneous-trans-tracheal-endoscopic-approach-a-novel-technique-for-the-excision-of-benign-lesions-of-thoracic-trachea
#5
Suresh C Sharma, K Devaraja, Arvind Kairo, Rakesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Currently, neoplasms of the trachea and lower airway demand open transcervical approach with or without thoracotomy. We describe here a novel, minimally invasive approach for an intraluminal lesion of the thoracic trachea, called percutaneous trans-tracheal endoscopic approach (PTEA). Apart from obvious advantages over potentially morbid open procedures, this technique has certain peculiar benefits over rigid or flexible bronchoscopic approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 43-year-old male patient had glomus tumor of thoracic trachea...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721690/pre-or-postoperative-interscalene-block-and-or-general-anesthesia-for-arthroscopic-shoulder-surgery-a-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Laura Bosco, Cheng Zhou, John A C Murdoch, Ryan Bicknell, Wilma M Hopman, Rachel Phelan, Vidur Shyam
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic shoulder surgery can be performed with an interscalene brachial plexus block (ISBPB) alone, ISBPB combined with general anesthesia (GA), or GA alone. Postoperative pain is typically managed with opioids; however, both GA and opioids have adverse effects which can delay discharge. This retrospective study compares the efficacy of four methods of anesthesia management for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. METHODS: Charts of all patients who underwent shoulder surgery by a single surgeon from 2012-2015 were categorized by analgesic regimen: GA only (n = 177), single-shot ISBPB only (n = 124), or pre- vs postoperative ISBPB combined with GA (ISBPB + GA [n = 72] vs GA + ISBPB [n = 52], respectively)...
July 18, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721091/comparison-of-single-injection-ultrasound-guided-approach-versus-multilevel-landmark-based-approach-for-thoracic-paravertebral-blockade-for-breast-tumor-resection-a-retrospective-analysis-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-institution
#7
Jagroop Singh Saran, Amie L Hoefnagel, Kristin A Skinner, Changyong Feng, Daryl Irving Smith
BACKGROUND: The role of thoracic paravertebral blockade (TPVB) in decreasing opioid requirements in breast cancer surgery is well documented, and there is mounting evidence that this may improve survival and reduce the rate of malignancy recurrence following cancer-related mastectomy. We compared the two techniques currently in use at our institution, the anatomic landmark-guided (ALG) multilevel versus an ultrasound-guided (USG) single injection, to determine an optimal technique. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients who received TPVB from January 2013 to December 2014...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720187/experiences-with-regional-anesthesia-for-analgesia-during-prolonged-aeromedical-evacuation
#8
Jeffrey M Carness, Melissa A Wilson, Mark J Lenart, Danny E Smith, Susan F Dukes
INTRODUCTION: There is much debate regarding the appropriate analgesic management of patients undergoing medical evacuation following combat trauma. Our primary objective was to review the utility of regional anesthetic techniques in patients undergoing aeromedical evacuation following surgical limb amputation as treatment for combat trauma. METHODS: This study was conducted as an observational retrospective cohort whereby acutely injured amputee patients were identified via the U...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719524/establishing-obstetric-anesthesiology-practice-guidelines-in-the-republic-of-armenia-a-global-health-collaboration
#9
Gordon Yuill, Ashot Amroyan, Simon Millar, Emil Vardapetyan, Ashraf S Habib, Medge D Owen
BACKGROUND: Disparity exists in anesthesia practices between high- and low-to-middle income countries, and awareness has been raised within the global health community to improve the standards of anesthesia care and patient safety. The establishment of international collaborations and appropriate practice guidelines may help address clinical care deficiencies. This report's aim was to assess the impact of a multiyear collaboration on obstetric anesthesia practices in the Republic of Armenia...
August 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717545/low-dose-lignocaine-butorphanol-vs-low-dose-bupivacaine-for-spinal-anaesthesia-in-day-care-urological-surgeries-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#10
Shahil Rameshbhai Khant, Rajeev Chaudhari, Rishikesh Arun Kore, Shirish Bhagwat, Ranjan Purushottam Jakhalekar
OBJECTIVE: A local anaesthetic with fast onset, short and reliable duration of anaesthesia may be preferable for day care urological surgeries. Low dose lignocaine is believed to act faster and to have a shorter duration of action than low dose bupivacaine. Use of lignocaine for spinal anesthesia is discouraged now a days because of rare reports of transient neurological symptoms. The purpose of this study was to compare effectiveness and safety of low dose of lignocaine + butorphanol against low dose of bupivacaine for day care urological surgeries...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717532/retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-renal-stones-part-1
#11
REVIEW
Ben Van Cleynenbreugel, Özcan Kılıç, Murat Akand
The main aim in the treatment of renal stones is to clearance of the stones completely with the least morbidity. Parallel to the improvements in technology during recent years, new flexible ureterorenoscopes and effective lithotripters such as holmium laser have been developed, thus retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) has become an efficient and safe option in the management of urinary system stone disease with a gradually increasing popularity. Therewithal, innovations in auxiliary equipment such as guide-wires, ureteral access sheath and stone baskets have made this procedure more effective...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717055/incidence-of-anaphylactic-reactions-after-propofol-administration-in-dogs
#12
Mamoru Onuma, Misao Terada, Sadaharu Ono, Akiyoshi Murakami, Tomoko Ishida, Tadashi Sano
Propofol is an anesthetic agent suspended in an emulsion system that includes egg yolk lecithin and soybean oil, because of which, there is concern about the use of propofol in patients allergic to these substances. We examined the association between propofol administration and incidence of adverse events in dogs with allergy to egg yolk lecithin and soybean oil. On the basis of the findings of an allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) test, 14 dogs with high levels (high-IgE group) and 7 dogs with low levels (normal-IgE group) of IgE were selected...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713660/a-cross-sectional-pharmacoepidemiological-study-of-the-utilization-pattern-of-pre-anesthetic-medications-in-major-surgical-procedures-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#13
Madhuri Kulkarni, Anant Patil
OBJECTIVE : A study of the utilization pattern of pre-anesthetic medications in major surgical procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS : A cross-sectional, pharmacoepidemiological study was conducted among patients undergoing surgical procedures in routine or emergency conditions under general anesthesia. The utilization of pre-anesthetic medicines in all patients was reported. RESULTS: A total of 110 patients (mean age - 42.36 years; 57.27% males) were enrolled...
June 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713495/awareness-of-epidural-analgesia-among-pregnant-women-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#14
Abdulrahim Gari, Ala Aziz, Nourah ALSaleh, Yosra Hamour, Hanaa Abdelal, Raed Sayed Ahmed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Labor pain is one of the most severe forms of pain that women experience throughout their lifetime. Many pregnant women decide to have an epidural anesthesia to cope with labor pain. This study has focused on general awareness about epidural anesthesia among pregnant women in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study using a self-administered questionnaire, conducted in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center and International Medical Centre...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712478/comparison-of-effects-of-local-anesthesia-and-two-point-acupressure-on-the-severity-of-venipuncture-pain-among-hospitalized-6-12-year-old-children
#15
Parisa Shahmohammadi Pour, Golnaz Foroogh Ameri, Majid Kazemi, Yones Jahani
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of topical anesthesia and acupressure at the Yintang (Extra 1) and the Laogong (P-8) points on the severity of venipuncture pain among hospitalized 6-12-year-old children. A sample (n = 120) of 6-12-year-old hospitalized children was recruited from two teaching hospitals located in Rafsanjan, Iran. The children were allocated to the topical anesthesia, acupressure, and control groups. For children in the topical anesthesia and the acupressure groups, eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream and two-point acupressure were used, respectively, prior to performing venipuncture, whereas children in the control group only received routine prevenipuncture care...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712105/evaluation-of-a-low-cost-3d-printed-model-for-bronchoscopy-training
#16
Matteo Parotto, Joshua Qua Jiansen, Ahmed AboTaiban, Svetlana Ioukhova, Alisher Agzamov, Richard Cooper, Gerald O'Leary, Massimiliano Meineri
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy is a fundamental procedure in anesthesia and critical care medicine. Learning this procedure is a complex task, but the use of simulation-based training provides significant advantages like enhanced patient safety. Access to bronchoscopy simulators may be limited in low resources settings. We developed a low-cost 3D printed bronchoscopy training model. METHODS: A parametric airway model was obtained from an online medical model repository and fabricated using a low-cost 3D printer...
July 16, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711891/-strategic-patient-safety-action-plan-for-the-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care-service-of-ukraine-basic-modules-and-their-components
#17
Роман Н Федосюк
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the problem of patient safety has become top-priority in further improvement of national healthcare systems in all developed countries. AIM: To develop a modular structure and a component composition of the strategic patient safety action plan for the anesthesiology and intensive care service of Ukraine as a part of the National Action Plan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Major domestic priorities, substantiated and made public by the author in previous works, are taken as the basis for the modular structuring of the action plan...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710563/an-observational-study-examining-the-effects-of-a-surgically-induced-inflammatory-response-on-the-distribution-of-morphine-and-its-metabolites-into-cerebrospinal-fluid
#18
Yan Wang, Kerry B Goralski, Derek J Roberts, Kathryn Landry, Mark E Issa, Lekha Sleno, Lisa C Julien, Jeremy Wood, Richard I Hall
PURPOSE: Morphine is administered intravenously for pain management in the perioperative period. The effect of the inflammatory response to surgery on morphine distribution across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in humans was investigated. We hypothesized that a graded surgically induced, systemic inflammatory response alters cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G), and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) through a temporary reduction in BBB drug efflux transporter function...
July 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708768/transcranial-cerebral-oxymetric-monitoring-reduces-brain-hypoxia-in-obese-and-elderly-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#19
Tomislav Ružman, Boris Mraović, Tatjana Šimurina, Danijela Gulam, Nataša Ružman, Maja Miškulin
The aims of this prospective, observational study were to evaluate the changes of the regional cerebral saturation (rSO2) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under total intravenous anesthesia and the association between patient's characteristics and critical decline of rSO2. Hemodynamics, rSO2, and oxygen saturation were recorded in different time points: before the anesthesia (Tbas), 2 minutes after the induction (supine position) (Tind), 2 minutes after CO2 insufflation (supine) (TCO2), 10 minutes after CO2 insufflation (reverse Trendelenburg) (TrevT), and 2 minutes after deflation (supine) (Tpost)...
July 13, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708753/effectiveness-of-preoperative-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-oral-midazolam-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-delirium-in-the-pediatric-patient-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#20
James FitzSimons, Laura S Bonanno, Stephanie Pierce, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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