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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937272/effects-of-movement-music-therapy-with-a-percussion-instrument-on-physical-and-frontal-lobe-function-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Nobuko Shimizu, Tomohiro Umemura, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takayoshi Hirai
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that performing a rhythmic physical task accompanied by a cognitive task, such as multitask movement music therapy (MMT) involving repetitive rhythmic movement with a musical instrument (the Naruko clapper), may improve pre-frontal cortex (PFC) function and cognitive performance. METHOD: Forty-five older adult participants with MCI (74.62 ± 5.05 years) participated in this randomized, controlled, single-blind intervention trial...
September 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936072/alleviating-stress-response-to-tracheal-extubation-in-neurosurgical-patients-a-comparative-study-of-two-infusion-doses-of-dexmedetomidine
#2
Ankur Luthra, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Girija Prasad Rath
BACKGROUND: Tracheal extubation is almost always associated with increase in sympathoadrenal activity may result in hypertension, tachycardia, and arrhythmias. Attempts have been made to oppose the pressor response by the use of various drugs. Dexmedetomidine decreases norepinephrine which reduces the blood pressure and the heart rate (HR). We hypothesize that the infusion of dexmedetomidine may produce more stable hemodynamics during extubation as compared to boluses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety adult patients aged 18-65 years, the American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I-II undergoing intracranial surgeries for various neurologic problem at All India Institute of Medical Sciences were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935511/pavia-experience-in-reoperative-pulmonary-endarterectomy
#3
Vera Nadia Merli, Nicola Vistarini, Valentina Grazioli, Antonio Sciortino, Maurizio Pin, Ilaria Parisi, Andrea Maria D'Armini
In our experience, we reperformed pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) in 10 patients who previously underwent a first PEA. We analyzed this cohort of patients to investigate the main causes of recurrence of symptomatic pathology and the clinical and hemodynamic results of redo surgery. Between 1994 and April 2016, 10 of 716 patients were reoperated at our institution. Available postoperative data were analyzed, and a comparison between first and second PEA hemodynamic and clinical results was carried out. In-hospital mortality rate was also evaluated...
August 24, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935509/aortic-valve-replacement-are-we-spoiled-for-choice
#4
Mohamad Bashir, Amer Harky, David Bleetman, Benjamin Adams, Neil Roberts, Damian Balmforth, John Yap, Kulvinder Lall, Alex Shipolini, Aung Oo, Rakesh Uppal
Management of aortic valve disease and, in particular, aortic valve stenosis has evolved through the course of time from medical management and balloon valvuloplasty to the presumed gold-standard surgical intervention. However, with the advent of surgical innovation, intra- and postoperative patients monitoring, understanding of hemodynamic dysfunction, and choices of prosthesis, conventional surgical aortic valve replacements are currently being challenged in particular in moderate- and high-risk patients...
August 18, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934705/vitamin-c-the-next-step-in-sepsis-management
#5
REVIEW
J Teng, A Pourmand, M Mazer-Amirshahi
Sepsis is a life-threatening medical condition, affecting approximately 26 million people worldwide every year. The disease is a continuum, marked by dysregulated inflammation and hemodynamic instability leading to shock, multi-system organ dysfunction, and death. Over the past decades, there has been a focus on the early identification and treatment of sepsis primarily with bundled and goal directed therapy. Despite these advances, morbidity and mortality has remained high, prompting investigation into novel therapies...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929941/long-term-predictors-of-stroke-in-healthy-middle-aged-men
#6
Erik Prestgaard, Christian Hodnesdal, Kristian Engeseth, Jan Erikssen, Johan Bodegård, Knut Liestøl, Knut Gjesdal, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Irene Grundvold, Eivind Berge
Background There are few data on risk factors for stroke during long-term follow-up of healthy individuals. Aims We aimed to investigate the long-term predictive impact on stroke risk of baseline variables including hemodynamic variables measured at rest and during exercise in middle-aged, healthy men. Methods We performed a prospective cohort study of 2014 healthy Norwegian men aged 40-59 years, recruited during the period 1972-1975 and followed until 2007. Participants underwent a comprehensive clinical assessment at baseline, including a bicycle exercise test...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928573/a-comparative-study-for-the-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-profile-of-fentanyl-versus-clonidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-epidural-ropivacaine-0-75-in-lower-abdominal-surgeries
#7
Shuchi Nigam, Shivani Rastogi, Amit Tyagi, Rajlakshmi Bhandari
CONTEXT: Different adjuvants are coadministered with local anesthetics to improve the speed of onset and duration of analgesia, and to reduce the dose, the selection of which is often left to the choice of an anesthesiologist. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy and safety profile of fentanyl and clonidine as an adjuvant to epidural ropivacaine anesthesia. SETTING AND DESIGN: With institutional ethical committee clearance, a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind clinical study was conducted at Vivekananda Polyclinic and Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928561/periprocedural-management-of-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation-patients-an-11-year-experience
#8
Ajay Prasad Hrishi, Karen Ruby Lionel
CONTEXT: The vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare arteriovenous malformation where a dilated median prosencephalic vein provides a low-resistance conduit for intracerebral blood flow resulting in high-output cardiac failure, severe pulmonary hypertension, with or without central nervous system symptoms secondary to hydrocephalus, in the neonatal and pediatric population. AIM: This study aims to analysis of the anesthetic management of this unique subset of patients with VGAM...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927565/venous-hemodynamics-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-comparison-between-portable-vs-stationary-pneumatic-compression-devices-and-the-effect-of-body-position
#9
Jonathan L Berliner, Philippe A Ortiz, Yuo-Yu Lee, Theodore T Miller, Geoffrey H Westrich
BACKGROUND: Improvements in device design have allowed for portable pneumatic compression devices (PPCDs). However, portability results in smaller pumps that move less blood. Additionally, although patients often stand when wearing PPCDs, few studies have evaluated the hemodynamic effects of PCDs while standing. METHODS: A crossover study was performed to compare a PPCD (ActiveCare+S.F.T.; Medical Compression Systems, Or Akiva, Israel) to a stationary pneumatic compression device (SPCD) (VenaFlow; DJO Global, Carlsbad, CA) on hemodynamics in supine and standing positions among 2 cohorts composed of 10 controls and 10 total hip arthroplasty patients...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926566/guidelines-for-the-management-of-a-brain-death-donor-in-the-rhesus-macaque-a-translational-transplant-model
#10
Tiffany J Zens, Juan S Danobeitia, Peter J Chlebeck, Laura J Zitur, Scott Odorico, Kevin Brunner, Jennifer Coonen, Saverio Capuano, Anthony M D'Alessandro, Kristina Matkowskyj, Weixiong Zhong, Jose Torrealba, Luis Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: The development of a translatable brain death animal model has significant potential to advance not only transplant research, but also the understanding of the pathophysiologic changes that occur in brain death and severe traumatic brain injury. The aim of this paper is to describe a rhesus macaque model of brain death designed to simulate the average time and medical management described in the human literature. METHODS: Following approval by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, a brain death model was developed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923988/contemporary-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#11
REVIEW
Sean van Diepen, Jason N Katz, Nancy M Albert, Timothy D Henry, Alice K Jacobs, Navin K Kapur, Ahmet Kilic, Venu Menon, E Magnus Ohman, Nancy K Sweitzer, Holger Thiele, Jeffrey B Washam, Mauricio G Cohen
Cardiogenic shock is a high-acuity, potentially complex, and hemodynamically diverse state of end-organ hypoperfusion that is frequently associated with multisystem organ failure. Despite improving survival in recent years, patient morbidity and mortality remain high, and there are few evidence-based therapeutic interventions known to clearly improve patient outcomes. This scientific statement on cardiogenic shock summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock; reviews contemporary best medical, surgical, mechanical circulatory support, and palliative care practices; advocates for the development of regionalized systems of care; and outlines future research priorities...
September 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923631/effect-of-prereperfusion-ephedrine-on-postreperfusion-syndrome-and-graft-function-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#12
I S Chung, H S Jee, S Han, J S Ko, M S Gwak, S J Choi, G S Kim, S-K Lee
A characteristic pattern of hemodynamic changes that may occur after reperfusion during liver transplantation (LT) is known as postreperfusion syndrome (PRS). We investigated the effect of prophylactic ephedrine administration on PRS and postoperative laboratory results in living donor LT. The medical records of adult recipients who underwent living donor LT were reviewed. A total of 308 recipients were divided into the prophylaxis group and the nonprophylaxis group. Graft factors, preoperative and intraoperative recipient factors, and postoperative laboratory results were compared between the 2 groups...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921420/causes-of-an-increased-pressure-gradient-through-the-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-a-west-coast-experience
#13
Sayuki Kobayashi, Yoshihiko Sakai, Isao Taguchi, Hiroto Utsunomiya, Takahiro Shiota
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) occurs from not only obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy but also other conditions such as sigmoid septum or post mitral valve repair. However, the changes of the LVOT pressure gradient (LVOT PG) in LVOTO with various conditions remain unclear. METHODS: The clinical characteristics and echocardiographic parameters of 73 patients with LVOT PG ≥50 mmHg at rest on Doppler ultrasound were retrospectively investigated...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919570/initial-clinical-experience-with-aview-a-clinical-computational-platform-for-intracranial-aneurysm-morphology-hemodynamics-and-treatment-management
#14
Jianping Xiang, Nicole Varble, Jason M Davies, Ansaar T Rai, Kenichi Kono, Shin-Ichiro Sugiyama, Mandy J Binning, Rabih G Tawk, Hoon Choi, Andrew J Ringer, Kenneth V Snyder, Elad I Levy, L Nelson Hopkins, Adnan H Siddiqui, Hui Meng
BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysm (IA) management is challenging. Clinicians often rely on varied and intuitively disparate ways of evaluating rupture risk that may only partially take into account complex hemodynamic and morphologic factors. We developed a prototype of a clinically-oriented, streamlined, computational platform, AView, for rapid assessment of hemodynamics and morphometrics in clinical settings. To show the potential clinical utility of AView, we report our initial multicenter experience highlighting the possible advantages of morphologic and hemodynamic analysis of IAs...
September 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918881/clinical-detection-of-hemodynamically-significant-isolated-secundum-atrial-septal-defect
#15
Robert L Geggel
The diagnosis of secundum atrial septal defect often is delayed. For 310 patients with hemodynamically significant secundum atrial septal defect undergoing closure over a 5-year period at a single medical center, this study reviews the symptoms prompting referral, limitations of physical examination and electrocardiography, and basis for initially missing the diagnosis.
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915907/effect-of-a-mother-s-recorded-voice-on-emergence-from-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Seok Young Song, Sang Gyu Kwak, Eugene Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is a behavioral disturbance after general anesthesia in children and may distress both the patients and the primary caregivers, such as parents and medical staff, looking after the patients. Various medical and emotional interventions have been investigated to reduce emergence delirium; however, none are completely effective. This trial intends to assess whether the mother's recorded voice can reduce this adverse post-anesthesia event and facilitate arousal from general anesthesia...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915395/effects-of-polymyxin-b-hemoperfusion-on-hemodynamics-and-prognosis-in-septic-shock-patients
#17
Chen-Tse Lee, Yu-Kang Tu, Yi-Chun Yeh, Tzu Chang, Po-Yuan Shih, Anne Chao, Hsing-Hao Huang, Ya-Jung Cheng, Yu-Chang Yeh
PURPOSE: We designed this study to examine the clinical effects of polymyxin B hemoperfusion (PMX-HP) in septic shock patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined the effects of PMX-HP in septic shock patients with intra-abdominal or gram-negative bacterial infection during October 2013-May 2016. A one-to-one matching between the PMX-HP and conventional groups was performed, and 28-day mortality, and change in inotropic score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score at 24h in the two groups were compared...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913763/a-patient-specific-three-dimensional-hemodynamic-model-of-the-circle-of-willis
#18
Hamed Rezaie, Ali Ashrafizadeh, Afsaneh Mojra
Circle of Willis (CoW) is one of the most important cerebral arteries in the human body and various attempts have been made to study the hemodynamic of blood flow in this vital part of the brain. In the present study, blood flow in a patient specific CoW is numerically modeled to predict disease-prone regions of the CoW. Medical images and computer aided design software are used to construct a realistic three-dimensional model of the CoW for this particular case. The arteries are considered as elastic conduits and the interactions between arterial walls and the blood flow are taken into account...
September 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913499/perioperative-hyperoxia-perhaps-a-malady-in-disguise
#19
REVIEW
Yalim Dikmen, Aybike Onur
Oxygen is an element, which is used liberally during several medical procedures. The use of oxygen during perioperative care is a controversial issue. Anesthesiologists use oxygen to prevent hypoxemia during surgical procedures, but the effects of its liberal use can be harmful. Another argument for using high oxygen concentrations is to prevent surgical site infections by increasing oxygen levels at the incision site. Although inconclusive, literature concerning the use of high oxygen concentrations during anesthesia show that this approach may cause hemodynamic changes, altered microcirculation and increased oxidative stress...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913494/the-public-perception-of-the-anaesthesiologist-in-romania-a-survey
#20
Adela Hilda Onutu, Cristina Rus, Iurie Acalovschi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the public perception of anaesthesiologists' duties regarding perioperative management lacks a good understanding. The aim of this study was to assess the public perception of the anaesthesiologist's role before, during and after surgery, in Romania. METHOD: The prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken between January 2015 and August 2016. A questionnaire that comprised 23 questions was uploaded on Google at https://docs...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
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