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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227288/physician-and-nurse-perceptions-of-gentle-cesarean-birth
#1
Rebecca J Mercier, Julia C Durante
BACKGROUND: Protocols for neonatal care and mother-baby interaction at cesarean birth frequently differ from those at vaginal birth. There is increasing interest in adopting family-friendly or gentle protocols for women having cesarean birth. Current evidence suggests challenges in achieving interdepartmental cooperation and consensus are potential barriers to implementing gentle cesarean protocols. PURPOSE: To describe how care providers' professional role and characteristics may affect perception about gentle cesarean birth techniques and inform specific concerns about protocol changes...
December 8, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195854/hypothermia-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-wake-up-call
#2
Jordan B Simpson, Vijai S Thomas, Sabir K Ismaily, Pavel I Muradov, Philip C Noble, Stephen J Incavo
BACKGROUND: Total joint patients are particularly vulnerable to perioperative hypothermia (PH) (combined effects of anesthesia, radiation, and convective heat loss from exposed skin surfaces and cool temperatures in the operating room). There are limited studies on PH in these patients. METHODS: In a retrospective review of 204 patients undergoing primary hip and 179 undergoing primary knee replacement surgeries, time and temperature parameters were collected from the electronic health records from preoperative and postoperative recovery room nursing assessments, intraoperative anesthesia records, and floor nursing notes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180198/surgical-tray-optimization-as-a-simple-means-to-decrease-perioperative-costs
#3
James S Farrelly, Crystal Clemons, Sherri Witkins, Walter Hall, Emily R Christison-Lagay, Doruk E Ozgediz, Robert A Cowles, David H Stitelman, Michael G Caty
BACKGROUND: Health care spending in the US remains excessively high. Aside from complicated, large-scale efforts at health care cost reduction, there are still relatively simple ways in which individual hospitals can cut unnecessary costs from everyday operations. Inspired by recent publications, our group sought to decrease the costs associated with surgical instrument processing at a large, multihospital academic center. METHODS: This was a single-site observational study conducted at a large academic medical center...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142566/operating-room-professionals-attitudes-towards-patient-safety-and-the-influencing-factors
#4
Pinar Ongun, Seyda Seren Intepeler
Objective: To determine operating room professionals'attitudes towards patient safety and the influencing factors. Methods: This study was conducted in research hospitals in Izmir, Turkey using descriptive, cross-sectional and correlation research designs. The sample of this study consisted of 477 individuals including nurses, physicians and anesthesia technicians. Data were collected using the Sociodemographic and Working Characteristics Form and the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129336/-cost-of-teaching-cataract-surgery-in-a-public-hospital
#5
R Benzekri, J Marie-Louise, S Chahed
INTRODUCTION: The gold standard of cataract surgery, phacoemulsification is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in France. Surgical instruction often takes place in the operating room where residents and fellows perform real surgery, supervised by an experienced surgeon. The goals of this study were double: evaluate surgical times according to the person performing the surgery, in order to quantitate the cost incurred by teaching and compare complication rate between surgeons...
November 9, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127018/curriculum-using-the-in-situ-operating-room-setting
#6
Raghavendra Rao, Robert C Caskey, Lily Owei, Kathleen O'Connor, Elijah Riddle, Daniel T Dempsey, Joshua Atkins, Dimitry Baranov, Gregory Motuk, Ari D Brooks, Noel Williams, Jon Morris, Kristoffel Dumon
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons/Association of Program Directors in Surgery is a comprehensive, simulation-based curriculum for General Surgery residents which exists in 3 phases. While phases 1 and 2 deal with core skills and advanced procedures respectively, phase 3 targets team-based skills. To date, the 3rd phase of this curriculum has not seen wide scale implementation. This is a pilot study to verify the feasibility of implementing the phase 3 curriculum in the in-situ setting...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114284/intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-cranial-and-spinal-cases-using-preexisting-c-shaped-three-side-open-0-2-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Vinod Kumar Tewari, Ravindra Tripathi, Subodh Aggarwal, Mazhar Hussain, Hari Kishan Das Gupta
Background: The existing Intraoperative MRI (IMRI) of developed countries is too costly to be affordable in any developing country and out of the reach of common and poor people of developing country at remote areas. We have used the pre-existing (refurbished) 3 side open "C" shaped 0.2 Tesla MRI for IMRI in a very remote area. Materials and Methods: In this technique the 0.2 Tesla MRI and the operating theatre were merged. MRI table was used as an operation table...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104692/nitrous-oxide-exposure-of-health-care-personnel-in-the-operating-rooms-and-intensive-care-units-in-hospitals-in-macedonia
#8
Biljana Eftimova, Dejan Mirakovski, Marija Sholjakova, Marija Hadzi-Nikolova
AIM: To determine average personal exposure to nitrous oxide for anaesthesiologists and nurses working in operating rooms (ORs) and intensive care units (ICU) in Clinical Hospital in Shtip, ENT University Clinic in Skopje and General Hospital in Kochani. METHODS: To determine TWA exposure nitrous oxide concentration was continuously measured over 8 hours shift within breathing zone of the subjects involved, using the handheld electrochemical instrument with data logging option...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099473/a-study-of-interpersonal-conflict-among-operating-room-nurses
#9
Tsui-Fen Chang, Chung-Kuang Chen, Ming-Jia Chen
BACKGROUND: Team collaboration is an important factor that affects the performance of the operating room (OR). Therefore, the ability of OR nurses to adapt to and manage interpersonal conflict incidents properly is very important. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the interpersonal conflict management capabilities of OR nursing staffs and to find the relationships among the demographics of OR nurses and the following: work-related variables, interpersonal conflict management style, and target of interpersonal conflict...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094751/evaluation-of-a-novel-waste-anaesthetic-gas-scavenger-device-for-use-during-recovery-from-anaesthesia
#10
R Tallent, J Corcoran, J Sebastian
Volatile anaesthetic agents are a potential occupational health hazard to theatre and recovery staff. Operating theatres and anaesthetic rooms are required to be equipped with scavenging systems, but recovery units often are not. We compared exhaled, spectrophotometric sevoflurane and desflurane concentrations 15 cm from the mouth ('patient breathing zone') and 91 cm laterally to the patient ('nurse work zone') in 120 patients after tracheal extubation who were consecutively allocated to either ISO-Gard mask oxygen/scavenging or standard oxygen mask, 0 min, 10 min and 20 min after arrival in the theatre recovery unit...
November 2, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084132/evaluation-of-thermal-comfort-and-carbon-dioxide-levels-during-ventricular-assist-device-implant
#11
Marco Lembo, Antonio Santoro, Martina Andellini, Giulia Losito, Nicole Olivini, Mario Graziano Tucci, Michele Del Gaudio
BACKGROUND: Environmental measurements were performed in an operating theatre within a pediatric cardiac department, during a surgical operation involving the use of carbon dioxide for the implantation of a ventricular system (VAD). OBJECTIVES: After some reports from the staff, who were complaining about low temperatures in the operating room, it was decided to check carbon dioxide levels, the conditions of thermal comfort and the presence of draughts. METHODS: Microclimatic parameters and carbon dioxide concentration were performed with a microclimatic unit Delta OHM model HD 32...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084129/analysis-of-incidents-of-violence-in-a-large-italian-hospital
#12
Dimitri Sossai, Francesco Stefano Molina, Mario Amore, Giovanna Ferrandes, Elena Sarcletti, Gabriella Biffa, Simone Accorsi, Martino Belvederi Murri, Marzia Jole Tomellini, Francesco Copello
INTRODUCTION: An increase in the rate of non-fatal violence events, from 20.65/10,000 in 2012 to 22.81/10,000 in 2014, was observed at the IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and outcome of the phenomenon of violence, by identifying the type of aggressive event and the ward in which it occurred, assuming that the occurrence is evenly distributed and not only limited to the psychiatric or to the emergency department...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082599/failure-modes-and-effects-analysis-fmea-for-gamma-knife-radiosurgery
#13
Andy Yuanguang Xu, Jagdish Bhatnagar, Greg Bednarz, John Flickinger, Yoshio Arai, Jonet Vacsulka, Wenzheng Feng, Edward Monaco, Ajay Niranjan, L Dade Lunsford, M Saiful Huq
PURPOSE: Gamma Knife radiosurgery is a highly precise and accurate treatment technique for treating brain diseases with low risk of serious error that nevertheless could potentially be reduced. We applied the AAPM Task Group 100 recommended failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) tool to develop a risk-based quality management program for Gamma Knife radiosurgery. METHODS: A team consisting of medical physicists, radiation oncologists, neurosurgeons, radiation safety officers, nurses, operating room technologists, and schedulers at our institution and an external physicist expert on Gamma Knife was formed for the FMEA study...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079993/auditory-display-as-feedback-for-a-novel-eye-tracking-system-for-sterile-operating-room-interaction
#14
David Black, Michael Unger, Nele Fischer, Ron Kikinis, Horst Hahn, Thomas Neumuth, Bernhard Glaser
PURPOSE: The growing number of technical systems in the operating room has increased attention on developing touchless interaction methods for sterile conditions. However, touchless interaction paradigms lack the tactile feedback found in common input devices such as mice and keyboards. We propose a novel touchless eye-tracking interaction system with auditory display as a feedback method for completing typical operating room tasks. Auditory display provides feedback concerning the selected input into the eye-tracking system as well as a confirmation of the system response...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067548/operating-room-waste-disposable-supply-utilization-in-neurointerventional-procedures
#15
Luigi Rigante, Walid Moudrous, Joost de Vries, André J Grotenhuis, Hieronymus D Boogaarts
BACKGROUND: Operating rooms account for 70% of hospital waste, increasing healthcare costs and creating environmental hazards. Endovascular treatment of cerebrovascular pathologies has become prominent, and associated products highly impact the total cost of care. We investigated the costs of endovascular surgical waste at our institution. METHODS: Data from 53 consecutive endovascular procedures at the Radboud UMC Nijmegen from May to December 2016 were collected...
October 25, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047340/occupational-blood-exposures-in-health-care-workers-incidence-characteristics-and-transmission-of-bloodborne-pathogens-in-south-korea
#16
Ju Hyun Lee, Junhyeon Cho, Yung Jung Kim, Sang Hyuk Im, Eun Sun Jang, Jin-Wook Kim, Hong Bin Kim, Sook-Hyang Jeong
BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCWs) are at high risk for occupational blood exposures (OBEs) and transmission of bloodborne pathogens. This study elucidated the incidence rate and epidemiological characteristics of OBEs among HCWs and investigated the pathogen transmission rate for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: Self-reported OBEs from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015 were obtained from the electronic recording system...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044068/needle-stick-injuries-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-hospital-incidence-management-outcomes-and-recommendations
#17
Ekta Rishi, B Shantha, Abhinav Dhami, Pukhraj Rishi, Hannah C Rajapriya
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence, management, and outcomes for needle stick injuries (NSIs) in a tertiary eye-care hospital and provide appropriate recommendations for its prevention. METHODS: This was a retrospective database review of NSI recorded between 2010 and 2015 at a tertiary eye care center. All staff members who had NSI were managed with standard treatment protocol. The mode, location, health-care workers affected and/or at risk for NSI were analyzed...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032298/factors-and-outcomes-associated-with-inpatient-cardiac-arrest-following-emergent-endotracheal-intubation
#18
Gabriel Wardi, Julian Villar, Thien Nguyen, Anuja Vyas, Nicholas Pokrajac, Anushirvan Minokadeh, Daniel Lasoff, Christopher Tainter, Jeremy R Beitler, Rebecca E Sell
BACKGROUND: Inpatient peri-intubation cardiac arrest (PICA) following emergent endotracheal intubation (ETI) is an uncommon but potentially preventable type of cardiac arrest (CA). Limited published data exist describing factors associated with inpatient PICA and patient outcomes. This study identifies risk factors associated with PICA among hospitalized patients emergently intubated out of the operating room and compares PICA to other types of inpatient CA. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of patients at our institution over a five-year period...
December 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977429/determination-of-propofol-by-gc-ms-and-fast-gc-ms-tof-in-two-cases-of-poisoning
#19
Paolo Procaccianti, Fiorenza Farè, Antonella Argo, Eleonora Casagni, Sebastiano Arnoldi, Sara Facheris, Giacomo Luca Visconti, Gabriella Roda, Veniero Gambaro
Two cases of suspected acute and lethal intoxication caused by propofol were delivered by the judicial authority to the Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care in Palermo, Sicily. In the first case a female nurse was found in a hotel room, where she lived with her mother; four 10 mg/mL vials and two 20 mg/mL vials of propofol were found near the decedent along with syringes and needles. In the second case a male nurse was found in the operating room of a hospital, along with a used syringe...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974875/parental-satisfaction-with-pediatric-day-care-surgery-and-its-determinants-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#20
Cenita James Sam, Pavai A Arunachalam, Sivamani Manivasagan, T Surya
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to assess the level of parental satisfaction of pediatric day-care surgery and its different determinants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study performed in a tertiary care hospital in India among parents of pediatric day-care surgery patients from June 2013 to March 2015. The core questionnaire for the assessment of patient satisfaction for general day care (COPS-D) was used. Variables related to surgery, overall satisfaction, one open-ended question, and socio-demographic data were also collected...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
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