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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677693/does-the-consecutive-interpreting-approach-enhance-medical-english-communication-skills-of-japanese-speaking-students
#1
Hideki Iizuka, Alan K Lefor
Objectives: To determine if the Consecutive Interpreting Approach enhances medical English communication skills of students in a Japanese medical university and to assess this method based on performance and student evaluations. Methods:  This is a three-phase study using a mixed-methods design, which starts with four language reproduction activities for 30 medical and 95 nursing students, followed by a quantitative analysis of perfect-match reproduction rates to assess changes over the duration of the study and qualitative error analysis of participants' language reproduction...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677690/investigating-the-effects-of-visual-distractors-on-the-performance-of-a-motor-imagery-brain-computer-interface
#2
Zahra Emami, Tom Chau
OBJECTIVES: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) allow users to operate a device or application by means of cognitive activity. This technology will ultimately be used in real-world environments which include the presence of distractors. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of visual distractors on BCI performance. METHODS: Sixteen able-bodied participants underwent neurofeedback training to achieve motor imagery-guided BCI control in an online paradigm using electroencephalography (EEG) to measure neural signals...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677683/application-of-solid-phase-microextraction-followed-by-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-in-the-determination-of-antibiotic-drugs-and-their-metabolites-in-human-whole-blood-and-tissue-samples
#3
Malgorzata Szultka-Mlynska, Pawel Pomastowski, Boguslaw Buszewski
A sensitive, rapid and specific analytical method using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (HPLC-QqQ-MS) was developed to determine selected antibiotic drugs and their metabolites (amoxicillin, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin and metronidazole; amoxycilloic acid, 4-hydroxyphenyl glycyl amoxicillin, desacetyl cefotaxime, 3-desacetyl cefotaxime lactone, ciprofloxacin N-oxide, N-demethylclindamycin, clindamycin sulfoxide, and hydroxy metronidazole) in human whole blood and vascularized tissue after single oral administration...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677679/a-four-parameter-optimization-and-troubleshooting-of-a-rplc-charged-aerosol-detection-stability-indicating-method-for-determination-of-s-lysophosphatidylcholines-in-a-phospholipid-formulation
#4
James Tam, Imad A Haidar Ahmad, Andrei Blasko
A four parameter optimization of a stability indicating method for non-chromophoric degradation products of 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC), 1-stearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 2-stearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine was achieved using a reverse phase liquid chromatography-charged aerosol detection (RPLC-CAD) technique. Using the hydrophobic subtraction model of selectivity, a core-shell, polar embedded RPLC column was selected followed by gradient-temperature optimization, resulting in ideal relative peak placements for a robust, stability indicating separation...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677678/%C3%AE-glucosidase-enzyme-inhibitory-effects-and-ursolic-and-oleanolic-acid-contents-of-fourteen-anatolian-salvia-species
#5
Zeynep Kalaycıoğlu, Sesil Uzaşçı, Tuncay Dirmenci, F Bedia Erim
During the last decade, ursolic and oleanolic acids have been of considerable interest because of their α-glucosidase inhibitory activities and potential effects for treatment of type 2 diabetes. A simple and sensitive reversed-phase HPLC method was developed for the simultaneous determination of ursolic acid and oleanolic acid. The optimal mobile phase was selected as 85% acetonitrile solution. The limit of detection of the method for ursolic acid and oleanolic acid were 14 ng mL-1 and 13 ng mL-1 , respectively...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677673/influence-of-water-management-and-natural-variability-on-dissolved-inorganic-carbon-dynamics-in-a-mangrove-dominated-estuary
#6
Chiara Volta, David T Ho, Gernot Friederich, Victor C Engel, Mahadev Bhat
High-resolution time series measurements of temperature, salinity, pH and pCO2 were made during the period October 2014-September 2015 at the midpoint of Shark River, a 15km tidal river that originates in the freshwater Everglades of south Florida (USA) and discharges into the Gulf of Mexico. Dissolved inorganic carbon dynamics in this system vary over time, and during this study could be classified into three distinct regimes corresponding to October 2014-February 2015 (a wet to dry season transition period), March-May 2015 (dry period) and July-September 2015 (wet period)...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677666/use-of-cleaner-burning-biomass-stoves-and-airway-macrophage-black-carbon-in-malawian-women
#7
Abigail L Whitehouse, Lisa Miyashita, Norrice M Liu, Maia Lesosky, Graham Flitz, Chifundo Ndamala, John R Balmes, Stephen B Gordon, Kevin Mortimer, Jonathan Grigg
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) from burning of biomass for cooking is associated with adverse health effects. It is unknown whether or not cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstoves reduce the amount of PM inhaled by women compared with traditional open fires. We sought to assess whether airway macrophage black carbon (AMBC) - a marker of inhaled dose of carbonaceous PM from biomass and fossil fuel combustion - is lower in Malawian women using a cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstove compared with those using open fires for cooking...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677655/stimulation-of-methane-yield-rate-from-food-waste-by-aerobic-pre-treatment
#8
Chuanfu Wu, Miao Yu, Qiqi Huang, Hongzhi Ma, Ming Gao, Qunhui Wang, Kenji Sakai
Aerobic pre-treatment (AP) was applied to enhance methane yield from food waste through anaerobic digestion. Different AP durations (i.e. 2, 5 and 8 days) prior to anaerobic digestion were tested. The results indicated that AP of food waste led to no significant differences (p > 0.05) in methane yield potential (ca. 418 mL/g-VS). However, a suitable AP duration (5 days) increased methane yield rates (ca. 18 mL/d/g-VS; 22.0% higher than the control) by anticipating methane generation and shortening the methanogenic phase via volatile fatty acid reduction and pH increase...
April 9, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677650/pollutants-degradation-performance-and-microbial-community-structure-of-aerobic-granular-sludge-systems-using-inoculums-adapted-at-mild-and-low-temperature
#9
Barbara Muñoz-Palazon, Chiara Pesciaroli, Alejandro Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jesús Gonzalez-Lopez, Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez
Three aerobic granular sequencing batch reactors were inoculated using different inocula from Finland, Spain and a mix of both in order to investigate the effect over the degradation performance and the microbial community structure. The Finnish inoculum achieved a faster granulation and a higher depollution performance within the first two month of operation. However, after 90 days of operation, similar physico-chemical values were observed. On the other hand, the Real-time PCR showed that Archaea diminished from inoculum to granular biomass, while Bacteria and Fungi numbers remained stable...
April 13, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677644/antimicrobial-activity-and-cytotoxicity-of-xanthoquinodin-analogs-from-the-fungus-cytospora-eugeniae-bcc42696
#10
Karoon Sadorn, Siriporn Saepua, Nattawut Boonyuen, Tanapong Boonruangprapa, Pranee Rachtawee, Pattama Pittayakhajonwut
Eleven previously undescribed compounds, including cytosporanthraxanthone, xanthoquinodins A7-A10, ketoxanthoquinodin A6, xanthoquinodins B6-B8, and spiroxanthoquinodins A and B, and one synthetically known compound, 2-methoxy pinselin, as well as ten known compounds, including xanthoquinodins A4-A6, B4, and B5, chrysophanol, physcion, (4S)-5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-α-tetralone, (4S)-4,8-dihydroxy-α-tetralone (or isosclerone), and gonytolide C were isolated from the fungus Cytospora eugeniae BCC42696. Their chemical structures were determined based on the analysis of NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data...
April 17, 2018: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677641/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-1-year-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-oral-tegafur-uracil-versus-surgery-alone-in-stage-ii-colon-cancer-sacura-trial
#11
Chu Matsuda, Megumi Ishiguro, Satoshi Teramukai, Yoshiki Kajiwara, Shoichi Fujii, Yusuke Kinugasa, Yoshihiko Nakamoto, Masanori Kotake, Yoshiyuki Sakamoto, Kiyotaka Kurachi, Atsuyuki Maeda, Koji Komori, Naohiro Tomita, Yasuhiro Shimada, Keiichi Takahashi, Kenjiro Kotake, Masahiko Watanabe, Hidetaka Mochizuki, Yoko Nakagawa, Kenichi Sugihara
BACKGROUND: Efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage II colon cancer is still controversial. The SACURA trial is a randomised-controlled study evaluating the superiority of 1-year adjuvant treatment with oral tegafur-uracil (UFT) to surgery alone for stage II colon cancer. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to the surgery-alone group or UFT group (UFT at 500-600 mg/day for 5 days, followed by 2-day rest, for 1 year). The primary end-point was disease-free survival (DFS)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677639/selection-of-reference-genes-for-quantitative-real-time-pcr-in-octopus-minor-cephalopoda-octopoda-under-acute-ammonia-stress
#12
Ran Xu, Xiaodong Zheng
High concentration of ammonia is a common issue in the aquaculture industry and often causes detrimental effects to aquatic products. Exploring expression regulation of genes involved in acute ammonia stress can help to understand the molecular mechanisms of ammonia response. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) with proper reference genes is an effective way to normalize the expression of target genes. To identify the most suitable reference genes for Octopus minor (Mollusca: Cephalopoda: Octopoda) under acute ammonia stress and the normal culturing, nine candidate genes were selected for the validation: OD, RPS18b, RPL29, RPS5, EF-1α, RPL6, AA4, ACT, TUB...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677637/the-prevalence-of-molecular-markers-of-drug-resistance-in-plasmodium-vivax-from-the-border-regions-of-thailand-in-2008-and-2014
#13
Kritpaphat Tantiamornkul, Tepanata Pumpaibool, Jittima Piriyapongsa, Richard Culleton, Usa Lek-Uthai
The prevalence of Plasmodium vivax is increasing in the border regions of Thailand; one potential problem confounding the control of malaria in these regions is the emergence and spread of drug resistance. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic diversity in genes potentially linked to drug resistance in P. vivax parasites isolated from four different border regions of Thailand; Thai-Myanmar (Tak, Mae Hong Son and Prachuap Khiri Khan Provinces), and Thai-Cambodian borders (Chanthaburi Province). Isolates were collected from 345 P...
April 12, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677631/enhancement-of-monoclonal-antibody-production-after-single-and-combination-treatment-of-the-hybridoma-cells-with-all-trans-retinoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#14
Mohsen Rokni, Ali Reza Razavi, Fazel Shokri, Kazem Ahmadi Kia, Farid Solaymani-Mohammadi, Reza Chahardoli, Ali Akbar Saboor-Yaraghi
Murine hybridoma cells can produce monoclonal antibody (MAb) and the production of these antibodies in culture and peritoneum can be affected by different factors, including stimulants, inhibitors and supplements. Among these factors, the impact of micronutrients on the production of MAbs by mouse hybridoma cells has not fully been explored. In this study the murine hybridoma cells, M3C5, were cultured and treated with different concentrations of ATRA and DHA, alone, in combinations, and at different time of exposure...
April 17, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677630/resting-heart-rate-and-the-incidence-and-progression-of-valvular-calcium-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#15
Kojo Amoakwa, Oluwaseun E Fashanu, Martin Tibuakuu, Di Zhao, Eliseo Guallar, Seamus P Whelton, Wesley T O'Neal, Wendy S Post, Matthew J Budoff, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Left-sided valvular calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Resting heart rate (RHR) may influence valvular calcium progression through shear stress. Whether RHR, an established CVD risk factor, is associated with valvular calcium progression is unknown. We assessed whether RHR predicts incidence and progression of mitral annular calcium (MAC) and aortic valve calcium (AVC) in a community-based cohort free of CVD at baseline...
April 6, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677608/lifetime-acute-suicidal-affective-disturbance-symptoms-account-for-the-link-between-suicide-specific-rumination-and-lifetime-past-suicide-attempts
#16
Megan L Rogers, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Suicide-specific rumination, defined as rumination about one's suicidal thoughts, intentions, and plans, and Acute Suicidal Affective Disturbance (ASAD) have each been proposed as relevant and proximal predictors of suicidal behavior. The purpose of the current study was to examine relations between suicide-specific rumination, ASAD, and previous number of lifetime suicide attempts, particularly whether ASAD accounted for the association between suicide-specific rumination and previous lifetime suicide attempts...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677587/effects-of-chronic-exposure-to-cadmium-and-temperature-alone-or-combined-on-the-threespine-stickleback-gasterosteus-aculeatus-interest-of-digestive-enzymes-as-biomarkers
#17
Younes Mohamed Ismail Hani, Cyril Turies, Olivier Palluel, Laurence Delahaut, Véronique Gaillet, Anne Bado-Nilles, Jean-Marc Porcher, Alain Geffard, Odile Dedourge-Geffard
The development of predictive, sensitive and reliable biomarkers is of crucial importance for aquatic biomonitoring to assess the effects of chemical substances on aquatic organisms, especially when it comes to combined effects with other stressors (e.g. temperature). The first purpose of the present study was to evaluate the single and combined effects of 90 days of exposure to an environmental cadmium concentration (0.5 μg L-1 ) and two water temperatures (16 and 21 °C) on different parameters. These parameters are involved in (i) the antioxidant system (superoxide dismutase activity -SOD- and total glutathione levels -GSH-), (ii) the energy metabolism, i...
April 12, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677585/age-at-epilepsy-onset-in-patients-with-focal-cortical-dysplasias-gangliogliomas-and-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumours
#18
Attila Rácz, Andreas-Markus Müller, Johannes Schwerdt, Albert Becker, Hartmut Vatter, Christian E Elger
PURPOSE: The age at epilepsy onset in patients with inborn or very early acquired brain lesions depends on the epileptogenic potential of the lesion and the patients' individual "susceptibility" to epileptic seizures. To gain insight into these determinants, we analysed the case history of patients with focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) and neuroglial tumours. METHODS: In a systematic, retrospective analysis comprised of 233 patients who underwent surgery (116 with FCDs and 117 with neuroglial tumours), we evaluated the age at epilepsy onset according to histopathologic subgroups, lesion location and family history...
April 4, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677579/factors-underlying-perceptions-of-community-care-and-other-healthcare-areas-in-first-year-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-focus-group-study
#19
Margriet van Iersel, Corine H M Latour, Marjon van Rijn, Rien de Vos, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma J M Scholte Op Reimer
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing labour market shortage of well-educated community nurses, few baccalaureate nursing students choose for a career in community care. Obtaining knowledge of how students perceive healthcare areas early in their education is important to take meaningful steps in counteracting any existing misconceptions with targeted curriculum redesign. OBJECTIVE: Determination of factors underlying perceptions of healthcare areas in first-year baccalaureate nursing students...
April 13, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677568/validation-of-the-cps-eg-and-neo-bioscore-staging-systems-after-preoperative-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-in-a-single-center-in-china
#20
Ling Xu, Xuening Duan, Bin Zhou, Yinhua Liu, Jingming Ye, Zhaorui Liu, Chao Ma, Hong Zhang, Shuang Zhang, Lanbo Zhang, Jianxin Zhao, Yuanjia Cheng
BACKGROUND: Prognostic assessment after preoperative systemic therapy (PST) plays a vital role in determining treatment in breast cancer patients. Many researchers have sought to develop a system to quantitate residual tumor and its correlation with prognosis after PST. This retrospective study validated the CPS + EG staging system and Neo-Bioscore in a single center in China. METHODS: Data from patients with non-metastatic primary breast cancer who were treated with PST and surgery from Jan...
April 17, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
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