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occupational dermatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203266/occupational-contact-dermatitis-from-protein-in-sea-products-who-is-the-most-affected-the-fisherman-or-the-chef
#1
B Loddé, P Cros, A M Roguedas-Contios, R Pougnet, D Lucas, J D Dewitte, L Misery
BACKGROUND: Protein contact dermatitis has frequently been reported in case studies (usually in cases involving contact with seafood products), but there are very few descriptive series. The objectives of this present study were firstly to determine the incidence of protein contact dermatitis among fishermen in France and compare it with data from onshore work involving seafood exposure. Second, to discover what factors could explain any differences. In order to answer these questions we analysed data from the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) and occupational diseases declared to the French National Network for Monitoring and Prevention of Occupational Disease...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168422/contact-allergy-to-preservatives-in-patients-with-occupational-contact-dermatitis-and-exposure-analysis-of-preservatives-in-registered-chemical-products-for-occupational-use
#2
Jakob Ferløv Schwensen, Ulrik Fischer Friis, Torkil Menné, Mari-Ann Flyvholm, Jeanne Duus Johansen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to investigate risk factors for sensitization to preservatives and to examine to which extent different preservatives are registered in chemical products for occupational use in Denmark. METHODS: A retrospective epidemiological observational analysis of data from a university hospital was conducted. All patients had occupational contact dermatitis and were consecutively patch tested with 11 preservatives from the European baseline series and extended patch test series during a 5-year period: 2009-2013...
February 6, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157439/dermatoses-among-automobile-mechanics-in-mansoura-egypt
#3
Hala Samir Abou-ElWafa, Ahmed A Albadry, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ahmed Fawzi Ismael
This cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura city, Egypt to assess the prevalence of occupational dermatoses and their possible risk factors on a convenience sample of car mechanics. Socio-demographic and occupational data were collected, and clinical examination was done. Prevalence of skin diseases was 45.4% and that of exclusively occupational skin diseases was 9.2%. Irritant contact dermatitis, eczema, and tar/oil acne were the commonest types (4.6%, 3.1%, 3.1%; respectively). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of occupational dermatoses increased significantly with lack of use of personal protective equipment, longer duration of work, and presence of workplace chemicals [Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) were 7...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110709/chromium-vi-contact-dermatitis-getting-closer-to-understanding-the-underlying-mechanisms-of-toxicity-and%C3%A2-sensitization
#4
Jeroen Buters, Tilo Biedermann
Various haptens trigger innate immune pathways and/or induce cytotoxicity as a part of sensitization. Adam et al. decipher in vitro the mechanisms by which chromium(VI) induces inflammation, the likely prerequisites for toxicity, sensitization, and allergic contact dermatitis against chromium(VI). Importantly, and in line with other observations, chromium(VI), but not chromium(III) (or Ni(II)), induces mitochondrial reactive oxygen species accumulation. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species in turn activate the NLRP3 inflammasome, allowing increased IL-1β processing and secretion, which likely underlies both chromium(VI)-induced cutaneous toxicity and sensitization...
February 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099592/epidemiological-analysis-of-occupational-dermatitis-notified-in-brazil-in-the-period-2007-to-2012
#5
Gabriela Yumi Plombom, Mariana Santos de Oliveira, Fernanda Lika Tabushi, Amanda Joekel Kassem, Kátia Sheylla Malta Purim, Renato Mitsunori Nisihara
BACKGROUND: Occupational dermatitis affects the quality of life and productivity of workers. Studies on the subject are scarce in Brazil. It is estimated that the disease is underreported and that many affected patients do not seek health care. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an epidemiological analysis of occupational dermatitis notified via SINAN in Brazil from January 2007 to December 2012; evaluate the profile of patients assisted; and check the main etiological agents involved...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095631/occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-thebaine-and-oripavine
#6
Sam Dekeyser, Mieke van Tomme, Barbara Boone, Nanja van Geel, Hilde Lapeere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095574/managing-occupational-irritant-contact-dermatitis-using-a-two-step-skincare-regimen-designed-to-prevent-skin-damage-and-support-skin-recovery
#7
Erika C von Grote, Kiruthi Palaniswarmy, Matthew H Meckfessel
Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) affecting the hands is a common and difficult-to-manage condition. Occupations that necessitate contact with harsh chemicals, use of alcohol-based disinfectants, and frequent hand washing elevate the risk of ICD. Management strategies that do not adequately prevent accumulated damage and repair skin, can develop into chronic dermatoses which negatively impact work productivity and quality of life. A 2-step skin-care regimen (Excipial Daily Protection Hand Cream (EP) and Excipial Rapid Repair Hand Cream (ER), Galderma Laboratories, L...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095569/efficacy-of-a-hand-regimen-in-skin-barrier-protection-in-individuals-with-occupational-irritant-contact-dermatitis
#8
Laura Jordan
BACKGROUND: Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (OICD) is a dif cult and hard to manage condition. It occurs more frequently in certain occupations where contact with harsh chemicals, use of alcohol-based disinfectants, and frequent hand washing heightens the risk. Treatment for OICD includes patient education in addition to physical, topical, and systemic therapies. OBJECTIVE: To review the pathogenesis and treatment options for OICD and evaluate the ef cacy of a selective skin-care regimen involv- ing a hand protectant cream alone as well as combined with a repair cream and speci c cleanser...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093332/chitin-and-chitinase-role-in-pathogenicity-allergenicity-and-health
#9
REVIEW
Seema Patel, Arun Goyal
Chitin, a polysaccharide with particular abundance in fungi, nematodes and arthropods is immunogenic. It acts as a threat to other organisms, to tackle which they have been endowed with chitinase enzyme. Even if this enzyme is not present in all organisms, they possess proteins having chitin-binding domain(s) (ChtBD). Many lethal viruses like Ebola, and HCV (Hepatitis C virus) have these domains to manipulate their carriers and target organisms. In keeping with the basic rule of survival, the self-origin (own body component) chitins and chitinases are protective, but that of non-self origin (from other organisms) are detrimental to health...
April 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050486/patch-test-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-hand-eczema
#10
Natarajan Vigneshkarthik, Satyaki Ganguly, Sheela Kuruvila
INTRODUCTION: Allergic contact dermatitis is an important cause of hand eczema. Patch testing is the only investigation available to prove the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis. Exposures to allergens differ according to geographical, occupational, economic and social factors. Accordingly, patterns of allergic contact dermatitis differ in different parts of the world and different regions of the same country. AIM: To study the causes of allergic contact dermatitis in adult patients with hand eczema with the help of patch testing...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029781/aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-activation-contributes-to-benzanthrone-induced-hyperpigmentation-via-modulation-of-melanogenic-signaling-pathways
#11
Sabiya Abbas, Shamshad Alam, Krishna P Singh, Mahadeo Kumar, Shailendra K Gupta, Kausar M Ansari
Benzanthrone (BA), an oxidized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), has been found to be a potential health threat to occupational workers involved in dye manufacturing factories. It has been observed that occupational workers become exposed to BA either during manufacturing, pulverization, or storage and developed various kinds of skin diseases like contact dermatitis, itching, erythema, roughness, and foremost, hyperpigmentation. It has been shown that some environmental organic pollutants (POPs) like dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) may act as ligands for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and regulate hyperpigmentation...
January 12, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007673/rubber-new-allergens-and-preventive-measures
#12
Marie-Noëlle Crepy
Natural rubber latex (NRL) and rubber accelerators are well-known causes of occupational skin diseases. The latest epidemiological data on rubber allergy show that rubber additives are still among the allergens most strongly associated with occupational contact dermatitis, however, a decrease in NRL allergy has been confirmed. A review of recent publications on rubber allergens based on the Pubmed database is presented. New glove manufacturing processes have been developed, such as low-protein natural rubber gloves, vulcanisation accelerator-free gloves, or specific-purpose gloves containing antimicrobial agents or moisturisers...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957755/occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-tetracaine-in-an-otorhinolaryngologist
#13
Morten S Opstrup, Henrik B Sørensen, Claus Zachariae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957753/occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-benzisothiazolinone-in-printing-ink-and-soap
#14
Tanya Meysman, An Goossens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938810/occupational-acral-dermatitis-and-where-the-twain-shall-meet
#15
Ronni Wolf, Lawrence Charles Parish, Yalçın Tüzün
This contribution, which is somewhat of a departure from the usual format, will focus on dermatologic conditions that are consequences of the patients' choices of employment, hobby, or even other forms of recreation. Most of the cutaneous changes involve the hands and feet, and each is labeled according to the anatomic location.
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914155/-main-causes-of-occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-a-three-year-study-in-the-center-of-portugal
#16
Catarina Pestana, Raquel Gomes, Vítor Pinheiro, Miguel Gouveia, Isabel Antunes, Margarida Gonçalo
INTRODUCTION: Allergic contact dermatitis, along with irritant contact dermatitis and immediate contact reactions, contact urticarial, are the most frequent dermatological occupational disease, but seldom reported to the National authorities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a 3-year retrospective study at the allergology section in the Dermatology Clinic of the University Hospital of Coimbra to evaluate the main occupations diagnosed as occupational allergic contact dermatitis, most common allergens and the effect of the modification of the work station in the evolution of the disease...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879459/clinical-and-epidemiological-features-of-paederus-dermatitis-among-nut-farm-workers-in-turkey
#17
Emel Uzunoğlu, Isıl Deniz Oguz, Busra Kir, Cihangir Akdemir
Paederus dermatitis is an acute irritant dermatitis resulting from contact with the hemolymph of Paederus beetles. This dermatitis mimics other infectious skin disorders, often resulting in diagnostic dilemmas. This study of 46 patients was conducted to increase awareness about Paederus dermatitis. Possible causes of a number of cases of Paederus dermatitis in Giresun, Turkey, were investigated using climate data and telephone interviews with the patients about risk factors. Insects caught by patients were identified at the species level...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846117/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-preventing-occupational-irritant-hand-dermatitis-a-quantitative-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Zoi Papadatou, Kay Cooper, Susan Klein, Colin MacDuff, Markus Steiner
The objective of this quantitative systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of moisturizers, barrier creams, protective gloves, skin protection education and complex interventions (a combination of two or more of the interventions listed) in preventing occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) in wet workers. These interventions will be compared to an alternative intervention or to usual care (workers regular skin care regime). The specific review question is: "What is the effectiveness of moisturizers, barrier creams, protective gloves, skin protection education and complex interventions in preventing OIHD in wet workers?"...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834227/allergic-contact-dermatitis-from-acrylic-nails-in-a-flamenco-guitarist
#19
F A Alcántara-Nicolás, M A Pastor-Nieto, C Sánchez-Herreros, R Pérez-Mesonero, V Melgar-Molero, A Ballano, E De-Eusebio
Acrylates are molecules that are well known for their strong sensitizing properties. Historically, many beauticians and individuals using store-bought artificial nail products have developed allergic contact dermatitis from acrylates. More recently, the use of acrylic nails among flamenco guitarists to strengthen their nails has become very popular. A 40-year-old non-atopic male patient working as a flamenco guitarist developed dystrophy, onycholysis and paronychia involving the first four nails of his right hand...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807445/comparison-of-european-standard-patch-test-results-of-330-patients-from-an-occupational-diseases-hospital
#20
Özge Gündüz, Aslı Aytekin, Engin Tutkun, Hınç Yılmaz
Background and Aim. Contact dermatitis (CD) is the most prevalent occupational skin disease with a significant impact on quality of life. Patch testing is used for the identification of responsible allergens which may improve protective and preventive measures in the workplace. Herein, we aim to identify the demographic characteristics and occupation of patients with early diagnosis of occupational CD and compare patch test results. Materials and Methods. The study included 330 patients referred to our clinic between April 2009 and April 2011 and who were patch-tested with 28-allergen European Standard Test...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
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