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occupational dermatitis

L Hepburn, D J Hijnen, B R Sellman, T Mustelin, M A Sleeman, R D May, I Strickland
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a complex, chronic inflammatory skin disorder affecting more than 10% of UK children and is a major cause of occupation-related disability. A subset of patients, particularly those with severe AD, are persistently colonised with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and exacerbation of disease is commonly associated with this bacterium by virtue of increased inflammation and allergic sensitisation, aggravated by skin barrier defects. Understanding the complex biology of S. aureus is an important factor when developing new drugs to combat infection...
October 25, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Erin M Warshaw, Solveig L Hagen, Denis Sasseville, Howard I Maibach, Joel G DeKoven, Donald V Belsito, Joseph F Fowler, Kathryn A Zug, James S Taylor, C G Toby Mathias, Anthony F Fransway, Vincent A DeLeo, James G Marks, Melanie D Pratt, Matthew J Zirwas, Frances J Storrs
BACKGROUND: Contact dermatoses are common in mechanic and repair occupations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) estimate the prevalence of occupationally related contact dermatitis among mechanics/repairers patch tested from 1998 to 2014 by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, (2) characterize responsible allergens and irritants, and their sources, and (3) compare results among 3 occupational subgroups (mechanics, electrical/electronic, and other). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of patients patch tested by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group between 1998 and 2014...
October 21, 2016: Dermatitis
Joel G DeKoven, Erin M Warshaw, Donald V Belsito, Denis Sasseville, Howard I Maibach, James S Taylor, James G Marks, Joseph F Fowler, C G Toby Mathias, Vince A DeLeo, Melanie D Pratt, Matthew J Zirwas, Kathryn A Zug
BACKGROUND: Patch testing is the most important diagnostic tool for the assessment of allergic contact dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: This study documents the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) patch testing results from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2014. METHODS: At 13 centers in North America, patients were tested in a standardized manner with a screening series of 70 allergens. Data were manually verified and entered into a central database...
October 21, 2016: Dermatitis
Aayush Gupta, Yugal K Sharma, Kirti Deo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Julie Herry, Yolande Esquirol, Françoise Giordano-Labadie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Niels H Bennike, Jeanne D Johansen, Claus Zachariae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Tanja K Carøe, Niels E Ebbehøj, Tove Agner
BACKGROUND: Hairdressers are at risk of developing occupational contact dermatitis because of their intense contact with wet work in combination with chemicals. OBJECTIVES: To perform an analysis of a cohort study of hairdressers with occupational contact dermatitis recognized in the period 2006-2011, focusing on individual and environmental factors associated with the disease. METHODS: The study was a descriptive, register-based survey including all hairdressers with recognized occupational contact dermatitis in Denmark in the period January 2006 to September 2011...
October 6, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Francesca Zuliani, Andrea Prodi, Anna Belloni Fortina, Maria Teresa Corradin, Massimo Bovenzi, Francesca Larese Filon
BACKGROUND: 4,4'-Diaminodiphenylmethane (DDM) is an aromatic amine used as a hardener, insulator, anticorrosive. Exposure implies risk to be sensitized and to develop contact dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of contact sensitization to DDM among patients with contact dermatitis and the role of occupational exposure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1996 to 2012, 24 056 consecutive patients with suspected allergic contact dermatitis were patch tested in north-eastern Italy...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
C J Phythian, P J Cripps, D Grove-White, E Michalopoulou, J S Duncan
In sheep, the diagnosis of foot lesions is routinely based on physical examination of the hoof. Correct diagnosis is important for the effective treatment, prevention and control of both infectious and non-infectious causes of lameness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the level of inter-observer agreement for clinical examination of ovine foot lesions. Eight observers of varying experience, training and occupation performed foot examinations on a total of 1158 sheep from 38 farms across North England and Wales...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Bethany Zack, Victoria H Arrandale, Dorothy Linn Holness
BACKGROUND: Workplace training may help to prevent contact dermatitis, a common work-related disease. Information on the characteristics of existing workplace training programs and worker perceptions of this training is limited. METHODS: Fourteen workers with suspected occupational contact dermatitis participated in one-on-one, semi-structured interviews. An inductive thematic analysis approach was used to identify interview themes. RESULTS: Workers expressed a desire for hands-on training with content relevant to their job tasks, favored training from supervisors who had practical experience, and were conflicted about employer motivations for providing training...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Martin Mowitz, Erik Zimerson, Inese Hauksson, Ann Pontén
BACKGROUND: Five workers from a plant manufacturing concrete wall panels and beams were referred to our department because of suspected occupational dermatitis. When patch tested, 3 workers reacted to potassium dichromate. Four workers reacted to ethylenediamine dihydrochloride, without any obvious exposure. Owing to the high proportion of workers with recent-onset skin disease, an investigation of all workers at the plant was initiated. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of occupational dermatitis and contact allergy in the workers at the plant...
September 23, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Jolinde Kettelarij, Sara Nilsson, Klara Midander, Carola Lidén, Anneli Julander
BACKGROUND: It is not fully understood where and how people are exposed to sensitizing metals. Much can be learnt from studying occupational settings where metals are handled. OBJECTIVES: To quantify cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr) and nickel (Ni) exposure on the skin and in the air, and urine levels, in dental technicians working with tools and alloys that may result in skin and respiratory exposure. METHODS: The metal skin dose was quantified with acid wipe sampling in dental technicians (n = 13)...
September 15, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Aaron M Drucker, Annie R Wang, Wen-Qing Li, Erika Sevetson, Julie K Block, Abrar A Qureshi
To assess the patient-level and societal burden of atopic dermatitis, we comprehensively reviewed the literature related to quality of life, social, economic, academic, and occupational impacts. Atopic dermatitis has profound impacts on patient and family quality of life. A conservative estimate of the annual costs of atopic dermatitis in the United States is $5.297 billion (in 2015 USD). People with atopic dermatitis may change their occupation because of their skin disease. Research gaps include quality of life assessments outside of tertiary care centers, impacts on partners and families of adult patients, and updated comprehensive cost estimates...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Jennifer Chen, Pilar Gomez, Irena Kudla, Joel DeKoven, D Linn Holness, Sandra Skotnicki
BACKGROUND: Occupational skin disease is common in healthcare workers. If the healthcare worker develops moderate to severe dermatitis, return to work (RTW) may be challenging. OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were to review the impact of an RTW program on the work status of nurses with occupational hand dermatitis and to identify successful intervention methods and strategies. METHODS: Nurses who received RTW services at a tertiary occupational medicine clinic were identified, and information related to their diagnosis and RTW was abstracted from their charts...
September 2016: Dermatitis
Katja Radon, Dennis Nowak, Christian Vogelberg, Franziska Ruëff
BACKGROUND: One-third of all young persons entering the work force have a history of atopic disease. Occupationally induced allergy and asthma generally arise in the first few months on the job, while pre-existing symptoms tend to worsen. Young persons with a history of an atopic disease should receive evidence-based advice before choosing a career. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed for cohort studies investigating the new onset of asthma, rhinitis, or hand eczema among job trainees from before the start of training and onward into the first few years on the job...
August 8, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
T Cartner, N Brand, K Tian, A Saud, T Carr, P Stapelton, M E Lane, A V Rawlings
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate the effect of ethanol, isopropanol and n-propanol on stratum corneum (SC) enzymes and keratinocytes in vitro together with their effects on skin condition and function. METHODS: Activities of kallikrein 5 (KLK5) and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) as well as keratinocyte metabolic activity, interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured in vitro in the presence and absence of the different alcohols...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
M Mauro, V De Giusti, M Bovenzi, F LareseFilon
BACKGROUND: Occupational skin diseases are often responsible for sick leave or job changes, affect mostly young subjects, are costly to society and have been reported as significant predictor of unemployment. OBJECTIVES: To assess over time the course of occupational hand dermatitis (OHD), after a specific training, by means of follow up visits and TEWL measurement, to evaluate skin barrier integrity and if preventive measures for hand skin care provided may influence the course of the disease...
August 25, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Maria Pesonen, Outi Kuuliala, Sari Suomela, Kristiina Aalto-Korte
BACKGROUND: Amines in epoxy hardeners are significant causes of occupational allergic contact dermatitis among workers who use epoxy resin systems. OBJECTIVES: To describe a novel group of contact allergens: N-(2-phenylethyl) derivatives of the reactive amine 1,3-benzenedimethanamine (1,3-BDMA). METHODS: We describe the clinical examinations and exposure of 6 patients with occupational contact allergy to derivatives of 1,3-BDMA. RESULTS: Of the 6 patients, 4 were spray painters who used epoxy paints, 1 was a floor layer who handled a variety of epoxy coatings, and 1 was a worker in epoxy hardener manufacture...
August 24, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
J Hines, S M Wilkinson, S M John, T L Diepgen, J English, T Rustemeyer, S Wassilew, S Kezic, H I Maibach
Contact dermatitis is one of the most common occupational diseases, with serious impact on quality of life, lost days at work and a condition that may be chronically relapsing. Regular prophylactic skin cream application is widely acknowledged to be an effective prevention strategy against occupational contact dermatitis; however, compliance rates remain low. To present a simple programme for skin cream application in the workplace with focus on implementation to drive down the rate of occupational irritant contact dermatitis, an expert panel of eight international dermatologists combined personal experience with extensive literature review...
August 22, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Olivier Aerts, Hans Meert, Elien Romaen, Julie Leysen, Lucretia Matthieu, Sandra Apers, Julien Lambert, An Goossens
BACKGROUND: Octylisothiazolinone (OIT) is used as an antifungal agent by the leather industry. OBJECTIVES: To show sensitization to OIT from leather, and to highlight the potential implications when cross-reactivity between OIT and methylisothiazolinone (MI) is studied. METHODS: Two patients with allergic contact dermatitis caused by a leather belt and shoes, respectively, were patch tested with methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/MI, MI, MCI, OIT, and benzisothiazolinone (BIT)...
November 2016: Contact Dermatitis
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