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occupational dermatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338540/occupational-contact-dermatitis-in-north-american-print-machine-operators-referred-for-patch-testing-retrospective-analysis-of-cross-sectional-data-from-the-north-american-contact-dermatitis-group-1998-to-2014
#1
Erin M Warshaw, Solveig L Hagen, Donald V Belsito, Joel G DeKoven, Howard I Maibach, C G Toby Mathias, Kathryn A Zug, Denis Sasseville, Matthew J Zirwas, Joseph F Fowler, Anthony F Fransway, Vincent A DeLeo, James G Marks, Melanie D Pratt, James S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of contact dermatitis (CD) in print machine operators (PMOs). OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of CD and characterize clinically relevant and occupationally related allergens among PMOs undergoing patch testing. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the North American Contact Dermatitis Group data from 1998 to 2014. RESULTS: Of 39,332 patch-tested patients, 132 (0...
March 23, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328819/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-contact-dermatitis-among-clothing-manufacturing-employees-in-beijing-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yu-Xin Chen, Hai-Yan Cheng, Lin-Feng Li
Little is known about the epidemiology of contact dermatitis (CD) in the Chinese clothing industry. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and some risk factors of contact dermatitis among clothing manufacturing employees in Beijing.This cross-sectional study was conducted by interview using self-administered questionnaires and skin examination between May and August in 2016. Five-hundred twenty-nine employees who had worked at sewing, ironing, and as managers at 12 clothing manufacturing factories were studied...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317188/occupational-opiate-contact-dermatitis
#3
Sophie Colomb, Jean L Bourrain, Nathalie Bonardel, Anca Chiriac, Pascal Demoly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317187/occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-1-propanol-in-a-hand-disinfectant
#4
Hilde M Bosker, Klaziena Politiek, Merel C Urgert, Peter A Flach, Pieter-Jan Coenraads, Marie Louise Schuttelaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290976/jet-fuel-associated-occupational-contact-dermatitis
#5
James J Contestable
INTRODUCTION: Occupational contact dermatitis is a ubiquitous problem. Sailors onboard U.S. Navy vessels are at high risk given the multitude of potential workplace exposures. Solvents, petrochemicals, and fuels are abundant and can cause irritant or allergic contact dermatitis. Symptoms of contact dermatitis can cause inability to work and, if chronic, may require a change in rating or job. Prevention of this issue requires patient education about the risks and correct personnel protective equipment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290621/contact-sensitization-of-children-referred-to-the-dermatology-department-of-the-university-federico-ii-of-naples-italy-a-two-decade-years-history
#6
Serena Lembo, Claudio Lembo, Cataldo Patruno, Pasquale Cuomo, Fabio Ayala, Nicola Balato, Anna Balato
BACKGROUND: Contact sensitization (CS) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) were once thought to be rare in children. The aim of our study was to assess CS and ACD in children affected by eczematous conditions referring to our contact and occupational dermatoses service, and to compare the obtained data to the results of a similar study performed in our Department in late eighties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patch test data from the Database of Contact Allergy of the Dermatology Department - University Federico II of Naples was performed...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245835/the-effectiveness-of-a-skin-care-program-for-the-prevention-of-contact-dermatitis-in-health-care-workers-the-healthy-hands-project-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Maryam Soltanipoor, Sanja Kezic, Judith K Sluiter, Thomas Rustemeyer
BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCW) are at high risk for developing occupational hand dermatitis (HD) due to frequent exposure to 'wet work'. Amongst HCWs, nurses are at highest risk, with an estimated point prevalence of HD ranging between 12 and 30%. The burden of disease is high with chronicity, sick leave, risk of unemployment and impaired quality of life. Despite evidence from the medical literature on the risk factors and the importance of skin care in the prevention of HD, in practice, compliance to skin care protocols are below 30%...
February 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240735/universal-expositions-physics-chemistry-and-new-occupational-diseases-the-case-of-marie-sklodowska-curie-and-radium-girls
#8
Silvana Salerno
BACKGROUND: Radium discovery by Marie and Pierre Curies caused previously unknown diseases. Marie Sklodowska Curie (1867-1934) suffered from radiations effects, as did girls in the radium dial watches factories. Therapeutic effects of radium were soon discovered, its unhealthy effects were as yet unheard of. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of Marie Sklodowska Curie (Marie) and radium girls occupational exposure, taking scientific debate on radium dangerous effects into account...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216728/marine-and-other-aquatic-dermatoses
#9
Surg Capt Jandhyala Sridhar, Surg Cdr Rajeev Deo
Occupational and recreational aquatic activity predisposes our population to a wide variety of dermatoses. Sunburn, urticaria, jellyfish stings, and contact dermatitis to rubber equipment are common allergies that are encountered in the aquatic environment. Among the infections, tinea versicolor, intertrigo, and verruca vulgaris are widespread. Swimmer's itch may occur due to skin penetration by schistosome cercariae, while free-floating nematocysts of marine coelenterates may precipitate seabather's eruption...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216727/high-altitude-dermatology
#10
Lt Col G K Singh
Approximately, 140 million people worldwide live permanently at high altitudes (HAs) and approximately another 40 million people travel to HA area (HAA) every year for reasons of occupation, sports or recreation. In India, whole of Ladakh region, part of Northwest Kashmir, Northern part of Sikkim and Tenga valley of Arunachal are considered inhabited areas of HAA. The low quantity of oxygen, high exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light, very low humidity, extreme subzero temperature in winter, high wind velocity, make this region difficult for lowlanders as well as for tourists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203266/occupational-contact-dermatitis-from-protein-in-sea-products-who-is-the-most-affected-the-fisherman-or-the-chef
#11
B Loddé, P Cros, A M Roguedas-Contios, R Pougnet, D Lucas, J D Dewitte, L Misery
BACKGROUND: Protein contact dermatitis has frequently been reported in case studies (usually in cases involving contact with seafood products), but there are very few descriptive series. The objectives of this present study were firstly to determine the incidence of protein contact dermatitis among fishermen in France and compare it with data from onshore work involving seafood exposure. Second, to discover what factors could explain any differences. In order to answer these questions we analysed data from the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) and occupational diseases declared to the French National Network for Monitoring and Prevention of Occupational Disease...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168422/contact-allergy-to-preservatives-in-patients-with-occupational-contact-dermatitis-and-exposure-analysis-of-preservatives-in-registered-chemical-products-for-occupational-use
#12
Jakob Ferløv Schwensen, Ulrik Fischer Friis, Torkil Menné, Mari-Ann Flyvholm, Jeanne Duus Johansen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to investigate risk factors for sensitization to preservatives and to examine to which extent different preservatives are registered in chemical products for occupational use in Denmark. METHODS: A retrospective epidemiological observational analysis of data from a university hospital was conducted. All patients had occupational contact dermatitis and were consecutively patch tested with 11 preservatives from the European baseline series and extended patch test series during a 5-year period: 2009-2013...
February 6, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157439/dermatoses-among-automobile-mechanics-in-mansoura-egypt
#13
Hala Samir Abou-ElWafa, Ahmed A Albadry, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ahmed Fawzi Ismael
This cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura, Egypt to assess the prevalence of occupational dermatoses and their possible risk factors on a convenience sample of car mechanics. Sociodemographic and occupational data were collected, and clinical examination was done. Prevalence of skin diseases was 45.4% and that of exclusively occupational skin diseases was 9.2%. Irritant contact dermatitis, eczema, and tar/oil acne were the most common types (4.6%, 3.1%, 3.1%, respectively). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of occupational dermatoses increased significantly with lack of use of personal protective equipment, longer duration of work, and presence of workplace chemicals (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] were 7...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110709/chromium-vi-contact-dermatitis-getting-closer-to-understanding-the-underlying-mechanisms-of-toxicity-and%C3%A2-sensitization
#14
Jeroen Buters, Tilo Biedermann
Various haptens trigger innate immune pathways and/or induce cytotoxicity as a part of sensitization. Adam et al. decipher in vitro the mechanisms by which chromium(VI) induces inflammation, the likely prerequisites for toxicity, sensitization, and allergic contact dermatitis against chromium(VI). Importantly, and in line with other observations, chromium(VI), but not chromium(III) (or Ni(II)), induces mitochondrial reactive oxygen species accumulation. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species in turn activate the NLRP3 inflammasome, allowing increased IL-1β processing and secretion, which likely underlies both chromium(VI)-induced cutaneous toxicity and sensitization...
February 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099592/epidemiological-analysis-of-occupational-dermatitis-notified-in-brazil-in-the-period-2007-to-2012
#15
Gabriela Yumi Plombom, Mariana Santos de Oliveira, Fernanda Lika Tabushi, Amanda Joekel Kassem, Kátia Sheylla Malta Purim, Renato Mitsunori Nisihara
BACKGROUND: Occupational dermatitis affects the quality of life and productivity of workers. Studies on the subject are scarce in Brazil. It is estimated that the disease is underreported and that many affected patients do not seek health care. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an epidemiological analysis of occupational dermatitis notified via SINAN in Brazil from January 2007 to December 2012; evaluate the profile of patients assisted; and check the main etiological agents involved...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095631/occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-thebaine-and-oripavine
#16
Sam Dekeyser, Mieke van Tomme, Barbara Boone, Nanja van Geel, Hilde Lapeere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095574/managing-occupational-irritant-contact-dermatitis-using-a-two-step-skincare-regimen-designed-to-prevent-skin-damage-and-support-skin-recovery
#17
Erika C von Grote, Kiruthi Palaniswarmy, Matthew H Meckfessel
Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) affecting the hands is a common and difficult-to-manage condition. Occupations that necessitate contact with harsh chemicals, use of alcohol-based disinfectants, and frequent hand washing elevate the risk of ICD. Management strategies that do not adequately prevent accumulated damage and repair skin, can develop into chronic dermatoses which negatively impact work productivity and quality of life. A 2-step skin-care regimen (Excipial Daily Protection Hand Cream (EP) and Excipial Rapid Repair Hand Cream (ER), Galderma Laboratories, L...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095569/efficacy-of-a-hand-regimen-in-skin-barrier-protection-in-individuals-with-occupational-irritant-contact-dermatitis
#18
Laura Jordan
BACKGROUND: Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (OICD) is a dif cult and hard to manage condition. It occurs more frequently in certain occupations where contact with harsh chemicals, use of alcohol-based disinfectants, and frequent hand washing heightens the risk. Treatment for OICD includes patient education in addition to physical, topical, and systemic therapies. OBJECTIVE: To review the pathogenesis and treatment options for OICD and evaluate the ef cacy of a selective skin-care regimen involv- ing a hand protectant cream alone as well as combined with a repair cream and speci c cleanser...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093332/chitin-and-chitinase-role-in-pathogenicity-allergenicity-and-health
#19
REVIEW
Seema Patel, Arun Goyal
Chitin, a polysaccharide with particular abundance in fungi, nematodes and arthropods is immunogenic. It acts as a threat to other organisms, to tackle which they have been endowed with chitinase enzyme. Even if this enzyme is not present in all organisms, they possess proteins having chitin-binding domain(s) (ChtBD). Many lethal viruses like Ebola, and HCV (Hepatitis C virus) have these domains to manipulate their carriers and target organisms. In keeping with the basic rule of survival, the self-origin (own body component) chitins and chitinases are protective, but that of non-self origin (from other organisms) are detrimental to health...
April 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050486/patch-test-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-hand-eczema
#20
Natarajan Vigneshkarthik, Satyaki Ganguly, Sheela Kuruvila
INTRODUCTION: Allergic contact dermatitis is an important cause of hand eczema. Patch testing is the only investigation available to prove the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis. Exposures to allergens differ according to geographical, occupational, economic and social factors. Accordingly, patterns of allergic contact dermatitis differ in different parts of the world and different regions of the same country. AIM: To study the causes of allergic contact dermatitis in adult patients with hand eczema with the help of patch testing...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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