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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732185/chronotype-sleep-characteristics-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses
#1
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero, Kefang Wang
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) persist as the leading occupational injury, accounting for nearly half of nurses' total occupational injuries. Musculoskeletal pain is a known cause of sleep disruption, and individuals with WMSDs that interfere with sleep often report more pain. Evening chronotype has been associated with poor sleep among nurses. However, the associations among chronotype, sleep, and WMSDs are still unclear, and were explored in the present study. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 397 nurses, with 47...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722293/robotic-assisted-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#2
Daniel R Mangels, Jay Giri, John Hirshfeld, Robert L Wilensky
Performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with several occupational hazards including radiation exposure and musculoskeletal injury. Current methods to mitigate these risks range from suspended radiation suits to adjustable lead-lined glass shields. Robotic-assisted PCI is a novel approach to PCI that utilizes remote-controlled technology to manipulate catheters thereby significantly reducing radiation exposure to the operator and catheterization laboratory staff. Although limited, current evidence indicates that robotic-assisted PCI is associated with a high technical success rate and may have additional advantages over conventional PCI, such as a decreased incidence of geographical miss...
July 19, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721578/preventive-chair-massage-with-algometry-to-maintain-psychosomatic-balance-in-white-collar-workers
#3
Anna Cabak, Mirosław Mikicin, Marek Łyp, Iwona Stanisławska, Ryszard Kaczor, Wiesław Tomaszewski
People working at computers often suffer from overload-related muscle pain, and physical and mental discomfort. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chair massage, conducted in the workplace among white-collar workers, in relieving symptoms of musculoskeletal strain related to prolonged sitting posture. The study was conducted in 124 white-collar workers, 55 women and 69 men, aged 33.7 ± 7.6 years. Subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: chair massage program, relaxing music sessions, and a control group, each of four-week duration...
July 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715057/the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-health-outcomes-wellbeing-and-employment-rates-analysis-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
M Riccò, F Marchesi, F Tartamella, C Rapacchi, V Pattonieri, A Odone, C Forlini, L Roncoroni, C Signorelli
PURPOSE: Morbid obesity is associated with several comorbidities that often impair patients' ability to obtain and keep a job and that, eventually, could hinder their fitness to work. This study aimed at determining whether the employment status of morbidly obese patients may be positively affected by bariatric surgery. METHODS: A total of 30 morbidly obese patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) from March 2014 to March 2015 were prospectively evaluated...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706082/postural-sway-working-years-and-bmi-in-healthy-truck-drivers-an-observational-study
#5
Daniela Ohlendorf, Paul Troebs, Andreas Lenk, Eileen Wanke, Jörg Natrup, David Groneberg
OBJECTIVES: The following study analyses the influence of risk factors among the occupational group of truck drivers on postural control and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: One motorway station close to several highways in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 180 truck drivers (177 male/3 female), aged 21-65 years old, took part in this study. OUTCOME MEASURES: Postural control was examined using a pressure plate...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705295/strength-training-for-women-as-a-vehicle-for-health-promotion-at-work
#6
Kai Nestler, Alexander Witzki, Ulrich Rohde, Thomas Rüther, Kim Alexander Tofaute, Dieter Leyk
BACKGROUND: Women, on average, have less muscle strength than men. This anthropometric-physiological trait may make them more vulnerable to ex - cessive physical strain, injury, and inability to work. Strength training is used for preventive health maintenance and to lessen musculoskeletal symptoms. In this context, we studied whether the degree of muscle strength has any effect on women's health in everyday working life, and also the effects of strength training for women on their health in the workplace...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705042/musculoskeletal-injuries-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopists-a-systematic-review
#7
Diana E Yung, Tommaso Banfi, Gastone Ciuti, Alberto Arezzo, Paolo Dario, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal(GI) endoscopy forms a significant proportion of clinicians' workloads. However, little attention is given to the ergonomic aspects of endoscopy. This systematic review of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries in GI endoscopists aims to better understand the types of occupational injuries resulting from endoscopic procedures and associated risk factors. Areas covered: Systematic literature search conducted for articles evaluating prevalence, risk factors and mechanism of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries related to GI endoscopy...
July 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703044/implementation-of-a-safe-patient-handling-program-in-a-multihospital-health-system-from-inception-to-sustainability-successes-over-8-years-and-ongoing-challenges
#8
Christine Olinski, Christine E Norton
Musculoskeletal injuries, especially back injuries, are among the most frequent injuries sustained by direct caregivers who lift, transfer, and reposition patients. These injuries can be debilitating and, for some caregivers, career ending. In the first year following implementation of the safe patient handling program in a multihospital health care system, an 82% reduction in Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recordable patient handling injuries was realized, a 94% decrease in days away from work, an 85% reduction in restricted duty days, and an 82% reduction in incurred workers' compensation costs...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698924/development-of-a-novel-work-related-questionnaire-for-upper-extremity-disorders-worq-up
#9
Bas R J Aerts, P Paul F M Kuijer, Annechien Beumer, Denise Eygendaal, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to develop a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) that identifies work-related limitations among patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in order to enhance work-directed care in daily orthopaedic practice, and to assess its content validity. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed following the evaluation of existing PROMs and consensus within the research team. The content validity was assessed in three steps: (1) one on one interviews with patients (n = 14) were held to discuss the clarity and possible adaptation of items; (2) experts from the field (physiotherapists, insurance physicians, occupational health physicians, rehabilitation physicians and orthopaedic surgeons) were approached to participate in an interview to discuss the clarity, relevance and missing items; (3) patients (n = 12) were interviewed one on one to discuss the final version...
July 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698178/occupational-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-disability-pension-prospective-data-from-the-hunt-study-norway
#10
Marius Steiro Fimland, Gunnhild Vie, Andreas Holtermann, Steinar Krokstad, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and disability pension due to musculoskeletal cause, mental cause or any cause. We also examined the combined association of OPA and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with disability pension. METHODS: A population-based cohort study in Norway on 32 362 persons aged 20-65 years with questionnaire data on OPA and LTPA that were followed up for incident disability pension through the National Insurance Database...
July 11, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686131/occupational-health-and-safety-management-practices-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-aged-care
#11
Jodi Oakman, Timothy Bartram
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine whether occupational health and safety (OHS) management used to manage musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the aged care sector reflects contemporary research evidence of best practice to reduce the incidence of these disorders. Design/methodology/approach In total, 58 interviews were conducted with managers and supervisors in the aged care sector across four organisations in Australia. Policies and procedures relating to MSDs were reviewed for each organisation...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684229/reverse-shoulder-endoprosthesis-for-pathologic-lesions-of-the-proximal-humerus-a-minimum-3-year-follow-up
#12
Simon Maclean, Shahbaz S Malik, Scott Evans, Jonathan Gregory, Lee Jeys
BACKGROUND: The Bayley Walker (Stanmore Implants, Elstree, UK) reversed polarity, linked shoulder replacement is designed to provide stable function in the treatment of a painful shoulder with poor soft tissue coverage. We reviewed the results of the prosthesis in destructive pathologic lesions of the proximal humerus at a United Kingdom tumor center. METHODS: We identified 8 patients (2 men, 6 women) in our database. Clinical information and functional outcome scores were collected, including range of movement, Toronto Extremity Salvage Score, the Musculoskeletal Tumor Score...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670457/hazards-and-health-problems-in-occupations-dominated-by-aged-workers-in-south-korea
#13
Jungsun Park, Soo Geun Kim, Jong-Shik Park, Boyoung Han, Kab Bae Kim, Yangho Kim
BACKGROUND: South Korea's population is aging more rapidly than any other country. Aging of the productive population will lead to shortage of labor and the decreasing quality of the labor force in South Korea. South Korea needs health care strategies to support the establishment of work environments that are appropriate for elderly workers who have reduced physical capacity. This paper aims to identify occupations that are dominated by aged workers and assess the exposure to hazards and work-related health problems of aged workers in these occupations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658034/do-occupational-risks-for-low-back-pain-differ-from-risks-for-specific-lumbar-disc-diseases-results-of-the-german-lumbar-spine-study-epilift
#14
Annekatrin Bergmann, Ulrich Bolm-Audorff, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast, Joachim Grifka, Johannes Haerting, Friedrich Hofmann, Matthias Jäger, Oliver Linhardt, Alwin Luttmann, Hans Jörg Meisel, Martina Michaelis, Gabriela Petereit-Haack, Barbara Schumann, Andreas Seidler
STUDY DESIGN: A multicentre population based case-control study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present analysis is to clarify potential differences in the "occupational risk profiles" of structural lumbar disc diseases on the one hand, and low back pain (LBP) on the other hand. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Physical workplace factors seem to play an important aetiological role. METHODS: We recruited 901 patients with structural lumbar disc diseases (disc herniation or severe disc space narrowing) and 233 control subjects with "low-back-pain"...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656731/occupational-skin-diseases-actual-state-analysis-of-patient-management-pathways-in-28-european-countries
#15
V Mahler, K Aalto-Korte, J H Alfonso, J G Bakker, A Bauer, L Bensefa-Colas, A Boman, J Bourke, M Bubaš, P Bulat, J Chaloupka, L Constandt, T E Danielsen, R Darlenski, A Dugonik, K Ettler, A Gimenez-Arnau, M Gonçalo, J D Johansen, S M John, M Kiec-Swierczynska, P Koch, V Kohánka, B Krecisz, F Larese Filon, S Ljubojević, J Macan, B Marinović, M Matura, P W Mihatsch, D Mijakoski, J Minov, J Pace, M Pesonen, J M Ramada Rodilla, H Rast, V Reljic, C Salavastru, C Schuster, M L Schuttelaar, D Simon, R Spiewak, R Jurakic Tončić, S Urbanček, S Valiukevičienė, P Weinert, M Wilkinson, W Uter
BACKGROUND: Work-related skin diseases (WSD) are caused or worsened by a professional activity. Occupational skin diseases (OSD) need to fulfil additional legal criteria which differ from country to country. OSD range amongst the five most frequently notified occupational diseases (musculoskeletal diseases, neurologic diseases, lung diseases, diseases of the sensory organs, skin diseases) in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To retrieve information and compare the current state of national frameworks and pathways to manage patients with occupational skin disease with regard to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation in different European countries...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656659/multidisciplinary-biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-for-subacute-low-back-pain
#16
REVIEW
Teresa J Marin, Dwayne Van Eerd, Emma Irvin, Rachel Couban, Bart W Koes, Antti Malmivaara, Maurits W van Tulder, Steven J Kamper
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is associated with enormous personal and societal burdens, especially when it reaches the chronic stage of the disorder (pain for a duration of more than three months). Indeed, individuals who reach the chronic stage tend to show a more persistent course, and they account for the majority of social and economic costs. As a result, there is increasing emphasis on the importance of intervening at the early stages of LBP.According to the biopsychosocial model, LBP is a condition best understood with reference to an interaction of physical, psychological, and social influences...
June 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646281/relations-between-work-and-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-problems-uemsp-and-the-moderating-role-of-psychosocial-work-factors-on-the-relation-between-computer-work-and-uemsp
#17
Nektaria Nicolakakis, Susan R Stock, Michal Abrahamowicz, Rex Kline, Karen Messing
PURPOSE: Computer work has been identified as a risk factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal problems (UEMSP). But few studies have investigated how psychosocial and organizational work factors affect this relation. Nor have gender differences in the relation between UEMSP and these work factors  been studied. We sought to estimate: (1) the association between UEMSP and a range of physical, psychosocial and organizational work exposures, including the duration of computer work, and (2) the moderating effect of psychosocial work exposures on the relation between computer work and UEMSP...
June 23, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633152/state-of-pelvic-and-acetabular-surgery-in-the-developing-world-a-global-survey-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-at-surgical-implant-generation-network-sign-hospitals
#18
Paul S Whiting, Duane R Anderson, Daniel D Galat, Lewis G Zirkle, Douglas W Lundy, Hassan R Mir
OBJECTIVES: To document the current state of pelvic and acetabular surgery in the developing world and to identify critical areas for improvement in the treatment of these complex injuries. DESIGN: A 50-question online survey. SETTING: International, multicenter. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-one orthopaedic surgeons at Surgical Implant Generation Network (SIGN) hospitals, which represent a cross-section of institutions in low- and middle-income countries that treat high-energy musculoskeletal trauma...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628049/early-access-to-physical-therapy-and-specialty-care-management-for-american-workers-with-musculoskeletal-injuries
#19
Timothy D Phillips, Michael J Shoemaker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of very early access to physical therapy and specialty care management in a workers' compensation population. METHODS: A prospective pilot (n = 75) was conducted from 2012 to 2013 in which injured workers with musculoskeletal complaints received physical therapy and started care management during their initial occupational medicine clinic visit. Two retrospective comparator groups with workers' compensation claims from 2009 and 2012 were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623144/cardiovascular-stress-during-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#20
Dominik Zbogar, Janice J Eng, William C Miller, Andrei V Krassioukov, Mary C Verrier
OBJECTIVES: 1) To measure the amount of a) cardiovascular stress, b) self-reported physical activity and c) accelerometry-measured physical activity by individuals with SCI during physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) and, 2) to investigate the relationship between these measures. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Two inpatient SCI rehabilitation centres. PARTICIPANTS: SCI patients (n=87) were recruited from consecutive admissions to rehabilitation...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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