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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157155/work-environment-and-occupational-risk-assessment-for-small-animal-portuguese-veterinary-activities
#1
Angela C Macedo, Vânia T Mota, João M Tavares, Osvaldo L Machado, Francisco X Malcata, Marinela P Cristo, Olga N Mayan
The professional work of small animal veterinary staff encompasses a wide diversity of demanding tasks. This has prompted a number of studies covering physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or psychological hazards, as well as their health effects upon veterinary workers. However, such results were obtained from self-reported surveys (via paper or online). This study reports the identification of potential hazards and provides a risk assessment of 15 veterinary clinics based on data from walk-through surveys, interviews with workers, and quantification of indoor air quality parameters including concentration of volatile organic compounds (total, isoflurane and glutaraldehyde)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155960/occupational-medicine-specialist-referral-triggers-mixed-methods-analysis-of-teleconsult-cases
#2
J L Eaton, A Mohammad, D C Mohr, D J Brustein, S R Kirkhorn
Background: Qualitative analyses can yield critical lessons for learning organizations in healthcare. Few studies have applied these techniques in the field of occupational and environmental medicine (OEM). Aims: To describe the characteristics of complex cases referred for OEM subspecialty evaluation and variation by referring provider's training. Methods: Using a mixed methods approach, we conducted a content analysis of clinical cases submitted to a national OEM teleconsult service...
November 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153449/the-changing-epidemiology-of-open-fractures-in-vehicle-occupants-pedestrians-motorcyclists-and-cyclists
#3
Dennis Winkler, Stuart T Goudie, Charles M Court-Brown
AIMS: To investigate the changing epidemiology of open fractures in vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcyclists and cyclists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on all non-spinal open fractures admitted to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh after a road traffic accident between 1988 and 2010 were collected and analysed to provide information about the changing epidemiology in different patient groups. Demographic information was collected on all patients with the severity of injury being analysed with the Injury Severity Score (ISS), Musculoskeletal Index (MSI) and the number of open fractures...
November 14, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146651/prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-and-associated-factors-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#4
Dragana Ceprnja, Lucinda Chipchase, Amitabh Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Women with PPGP report difficulty performing everyday functional activities, such as standing and walking. However, the magnitude of the problem remains unknown in Australia. It is important to determine how many women are affected by this condition and the factors associated with PPGP as this will direct healthcare services to being able to better manage women during pregnancy. Thus, this study aims to determine the prevalence of PPGP and associated factors in a Western Sydney population...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136048/-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-and-dental-students-in-the-netherlands
#5
J J M Bruers, L E C M Trommelen, P Hawi, H S Brand
In this study, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dentists and dental students in the Netherlands was inventoried by means of 2 corresponding web surveys. 196 (25% response) dentists and 359 (40% response) dental students participated. 80% of the dentists and 95% of the dental students reported to have suffered from pain in muscles and joints in the last 12 months. In particular, they mentioned complaints of the neck, the shoulders and the lower back. Dental students also frequently reported complaints of the upper back...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122191/identifying-interactive-effects-of-task-demands-in-lifting-on-estimates-of-in-vivo-low-back-joint-loads
#6
Chad E Gooyers, Tyson A C Beach, David M Frost, Samuel J Howarth, Jack P Callaghan
This investigation examined interactions between the magnitude of external load, movement speed and (a)symmetry of load placement on estimates of in vivo joint loading in the lumbar spine during simulated occupational lifting. Thirty-two participants with manual materials handling experience were included in the study. Three-dimensional motion data, ground reaction forces, and activation of six bilateral trunk muscle groups were captured while participants performed lifts with two loads at two movement speeds and using two load locations...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117932/patient-transfers-and-risk-of-back-injury-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-technical-measurements-of-exposure
#7
Jonas Vinstrup, Pascal Madeleine, Markus Due Jakobsen, Kenneth Jay, Lars Louis Andersen
BACKGROUND: More than one third of nurses experience musculoskeletal pain several times during a normal work week. Consistent use of assistive devices during patient transfers is associated with a lower risk of occupational back injuries and low back pain (LBP). While uncertainties exist regarding which type of assistive devices most efficiently prevent LBP, exposure assessments using technological advancements allow for quantification of muscle load and body positions during common work tasks...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110873/predictors-of-healthcare-seeking-delays-among-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-nepal
#8
Drake G LeBrun, Divya Talwar, Tuyetnhi A Pham, Bibek Banskota, David A Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Healthcare seeking behaviors among children with musculoskeletal disorders are poorly understood. We sought to analyze healthcare seeking delays among children with chronic musculoskeletal conditions in Nepal and identify predictors of clinically significant delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a large pediatric musculoskeletal rehabilitation center in Nepal. Baseline sociodemographic data and healthcare seeking behaviors were assessed via interviews with 75 randomly selected caregivers...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104228/work-life-imbalance-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-south-korean-workers
#9
Young-Mee Kim, Sung-Il Cho
Employed workers often have family responsibilities such as childcare or homemaking. This dual burden may increase work-related health problems, particularly if there are conflicts between work and family responsibilities. This study assessed whether difficulty in work-life balance is associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among Korean employees. Data from the population-based Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2011, including 28,640 male and 21,392 female workers, were used. Men and women were analyzed separately to investigate gender differences...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084290/exploring-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-of-prisoners-in-the-canton-of-vaud-switzerland
#10
Karine Moschetti, Véra Zabrodina, Pierre Stadelmann, Tenzin Wangmo, Alberto Holly, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Bernice S Elger, Bruno Gravier
Prison healthcare is an important public health concern given the increasing healthcare needs of a growing and aging prison population, which accumulates vulnerability factors and suffers from higher disease prevalence than the general population. This study identifies the key factors associated with outpatient general practitioner (GP), nursing or psychiatric healthcare utilization (HCU) within prisons. Cross-sectional data systematically collected by the prison medical staff were obtained for a sample of 1664 adult prisoners of the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland, for the year 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075981/work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-amongst-otolaryngologists-and-head-and-neck-surgeons-in-canada
#11
Josiane Bolduc-Bégin, François Prince, Apostolos Christopoulos, Tareck Ayad
The first objective of this study was to identify work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and determine their prevalence in the practice of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck surgery in Canada. The second objective was to establish potential associations between those musculoskeletal symptoms and variables related to demographic status of the surgeons, their workload and work ergonomics. This study was designed as a Canadian census on work-related musculoskeletal symptoms amongst Otolaryngologist and Head and Neck surgeons...
October 26, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075519/evaluation-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-physicians-performing-ultrasound
#12
Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski
AIM OF THE STUDY: Owing to its wide availability, relatively low cost and lack of negative effect on the patient, ultrasound has become the most commonly and readily used imaging modality. However, scanning for increasingly long periods of time on a given day and in a given week tends to negatively affect sonographers' health, primarily resulting with the overuse of the musculoskeletal system, as multiple muscles and joints are engaged during scanning. This research has been aimed at evaluating the prevalence and type of musculoskeletal symptoms among diagnostic medical sonographers, as well as identifying their professional profile...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070277/an-ergonomic-assessment-of-operating-table-and-surgical-stool-heights-for-seated-otolaryngology-procedures
#13
Anam F Azimuddin, Erik K Weitzel, Kevin C McMains, Philip G Chen
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries, such as neck and back pain, during a surgeon's career are common. However, studies on ergonomics are limited with regard to seated otolaryngologic procedures. Key elements of an ergonomic operating environment include the height of operating tables and surgical chairs. Surgeons benefit from proper support and positioning to prevent musculoskeletal injuries and reduce occupational risk. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate operating table and surgical seat heights, and determine whether adjustments can be made for various surgeon physiques...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068798/use-of-pain-medication-before-and-after-inpatient-musculoskeletal-rehabilitation-longitudinal-analysis-of-a-nationwide-cohort
#14
Mikhail Saltychev, Katri Laimi, Jaana Pentti, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
The objective of this study was to identify subgroups among the participants in inpatient multidisciplinary musculoskeletal rehabilitation based on the differences in the shapes of trajectories of pain medication consumption during the 9 years around the time of intervention. A register-based study among 4578 public sector employees was conducted. Group-based trajectory analysis was done on the purchase of prescribed pain medications during the 9 years around the time of rehabilitation. The participants were on an average 50...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063618/vulnerability-of-employees-in-businesses-with-fewer-than-five-workers-micro-enterprises-to-occupational-safety-and-health-problems
#15
Jungsun Park, Jong-Shik Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the characteristics of micro-enterprises (businesses with fewer than five workers) focusing on occupational safety and health (OSH) issues. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the Economically Active Population Supplementary Survey and the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Relative to larger businesses, micro-enterprises employ more women, temporary workers, and older workers (>55 years)...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058534/comparative-assessment-of-respiratory-and-other-occupational-health-effects-among-elementary-workers
#16
Almas Hamid, Wajeeha Saleem, Ghazala Yaqub, Moin Ud Din Ghauri
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to assess hazards faced by elementary workers. METHODS: For this purpose, questionnaire survey and respiratory function test (spirometry) were carried out on 150 respondents. RESULTS: Major hazards identified related to sharp objects, heavy weight lifting, thermally harsh conditions, working at height, whole body vibration, chemicals, pathogens, increased noise levels and confined space entry. Workers suffered from upper and lower respiratory disorder symptoms, digestive problems, optical and musculoskeletal issues etc...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052757/variation-in-occupational-exposure-associated-with-musculoskeletal-complaints-a-cross-sectional-study-among-professional-bassists
#17
Kees H Woldendorp, Anne M Boonstra, J Hans Arendzen, Michiel F Reneman
BACKGROUND: Variation in occupational exposure is assumed to have a protective effect against the development of musculoskeletal complaints (MSC), but this common assumption is not strongly supported by the literature. Among musicians, who have a high prevalence of MSC, many play more than one type of instrument (multi-instrumentalism) for many hours a day. Since multi-instrumentalism implies greater variation in ergonomic load of specific musculoskeletal areas than mono-instrumentalism, musicians are a suitable study population to test whether the above assumption is true...
October 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046809/hospital-resuscitation-teams-a-review-of-the-risks-to-the-healthcare-worker
#18
REVIEW
Stephen M Vindigni, Juan N Lessing, David J Carlbom
BACKGROUND: "Code blue" events and related resuscitation efforts involve multidisciplinary bedside teams that implement specialized interventions aimed at patient revival. Activities include performing effective chest compressions, assessing and restoring a perfusing cardiac rhythm, stabilizing the airway, and treating the underlying cause of the arrest. While the existing critical care literature has appropriately focused on the patient, there has been a dearth of information discussing the various stresses to the healthcare team...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036866/the-prevalence-of-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-iran-a-meta-analysis-study
#19
Ayub Parno, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Mohsen Parno, Mohammad Khandan, Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Maryam Maghsoudipour, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSDs) is crucial as they jeopardize the well-being of the workforce in workplaces and are prevalent in developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of WRMSDs among Iranian workers. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of WRMSDs in Iran was performed by searching relevant keywords in authentic databases and search engines such as SID, Google Scholar, Medlib and PubMed...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035401/skydiving-and-the-risk-of-cervical-disc-herniation
#20
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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