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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788277/work-related-ill-health-in-radiographers
#1
P M Hulls, A Money, R M Agius, F de Vocht
Background: In the UK in 2015/16, 1.3 million workers self-reported a work-related illness (WRI) of which an estimated 41% were due to musculoskeletal disorders (incidence rate 550 cases per 100000 people) and 37% were related to stress, anxiety and depression. Little is known about the incidence of WRIs in radiographers. Aims: To analyse the medically reported incidence of WRIs among radiographers in the UK between 1989 and 2015. Methods: Incident cases reported by physicians to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network through its specialist schemes from 1989 to 2015 were analysed, using the Labour Force Survey as denominator where appropriate...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788221/predictive-factors-of-life-quality-among-packaging-workers-in-taiwan
#2
Shang-Yu Yang, Der-Jen Hsu, Chun-Ming Yen, Jer-Hao Chang
The semiconductor plants on the top of high-tech industrial chain hire many packaging workers to carry out miscellaneous packing tasks for various product orders from different companies and countries. Under tremendous workload the quality of life (QoL) of such packaging workers need to be concerned. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing their QoL. This study recruited 247 packing workers (162 male and 85 female; mean age: 35.6 years old) in 2015 and 2016 from a semiconductor plant in Taiwan by convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788209/musculoskeletal-injuries-among-female-soldiers-working-with-dogs
#3
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Victoria Yoffe, Amir Shlaifer, Ran Yanovich
Introduction: Female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Forces canine unit may be at increased risk of overuse injuries related to working with military dogs. We hypothesized that this particular type of occupational exposure may lead to an increased strain of the upper extremity due to such non-physiologic motions as pulling the dog's strap or resisting the sudden pulling by the dog, and may result in an increased rate of overuse injuries. Materials and Methods: We compared incidence of overuse injuries in a retrospective cohort of female soldiers who served either in the military working dogs' unit (MWD), or in the light infantry battalions (Infantry) from 2005 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776452/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-registered-general-nurses-a-case-of-a-large-central-hospital-in-harare-zimbabwe
#4
M Chiwaridzo, V Makotore, J M Dambi, N Munambah, M Mhlanga
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a common cause of morbidity affecting occupational individuals such as health-care professionals. However, nothing is known about WMSDs in hospital nurses in Zimbabwe. This study was conducted to provide cross-sectional evidence of the 12-month prevalence, consequences and factors associated with WMSDs among 208 nurses at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals (PGH). RESULTS: The response rate for the study was 55...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768593/-musculoskeletal-pain-among-bus-drivers-and-fare-collectors-in-the-metropolitan-region-of-belo-horizonte-brazil
#5
Mariana Roberta Lopes Simões, Ada Ávila Assunção, Adriane Mesquita de Medeiros
Musculoskeletal pain among professionals in the transport sector has been linked to working conditions. The scope of this study was to assess the prevalence of cervical musculoskeletal pain and its relation to pain in other areas (arms, hands and shoulders). The association between neck pain, related to pain in other areas or otherwise, was checked against occupational factors. A cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted with 799 bus drivers and 708 fare collectors of the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744110/comparison-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-between-male-cameramen-and-male-office-workers
#6
Han-Seur Jeong, Byung-Seong Suh, Soo-Geun Kim, Won-Sool Kim, Won-Cheol Lee, Kyung-Hun Son, Min-Woo Nam
Background: Previous studies have classified cameramen's job as physiologically heavy work and identified the risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in cameramen. However, those studies limited their research subjects to cameramen. In this study, we compared the frequency and severity of WRMDs between cameramen and office workers. Methods: A total of 293 subjects working in four broadcasting companies in Korea were recruited. A questionnaire survey was conducted for a month, starting in October 2016...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743392/a-health-behavior-screening-tool-for-non-specific-neck-pain-in-office-workers-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
OBJECTIVE: One effective strategy for management of musculoskeletal disorders is self-management based on the biopsychosocial model. Self-management requires patients to have adequate health literacy, defined as the individual's ability to seek, understand, and utilize health information. Recently, the neck pain-specific health behavior for office workers (NHBOW) questionnaire was developed based upon a conceptual framework of health literacy. The content in the NHBOW relates to the work and exercise behaviors of office workers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733036/a-systematic-review-of-lost-time-injuries-in-the-global-mining-industry
#8
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Basem Gohar, Jennifer Casole, Carla Chidu, Jennifer Dumond, Alicia McDougall, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Mining is a hazardous occupation with elevated rates of lost-time injury and disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the mining workforce, regardless of the kind of mining and 2) To examine the antecedent factors to the occupational injury (lost-time injuries). METHODS: We identified and extracted primary papers related to lost-time injuries in the mining sector by conducting a systematic search of the electronic literature in the eight health and related databases...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733032/reducing-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-through-implementation-of-kiken-yochi-training-intervention-approach
#9
Noor Afifah Ya'acob, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Irniza Rasdi, Anita Abd Rahman, Suriani Ismail
BACKGROUND: Work tasks in pineapple plantations in Malaysia are characterised by non-ergonomic work postures, repetitive tasks, awkward posture and manual handling of work tools that contribute to the reporting of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS). There have been very limited studies performed among pineapple plantation workers focusing on ergonomic intervention programs to specifically reduce MSS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of work improvement module using a Kiken Yochi participatory approach intervention in reducing MSS among male migrant pineapple farm plantation workers in Pontian, Johor...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729666/prevention-of-exertional-lower-body-musculoskeletal-injury-in-tactical-populations-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-planned-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies-from-1955-to-2018
#10
Shawn D Flanagan, Aaron M Sinnott, Kellen T Krajewski, Caleb D Johnson, Shawn R Eagle, Alice D LaGoy, Meaghan E Beckner, Anne Z Beethe, Rose Turner, Mita Lovalekar, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Chris Connaboy, Bradley C Nindl
BACKGROUND: Exertional lower body musculoskeletal injuries (ELBI) cost billions of dollars and compromise the readiness and job performance of military service and public safety workers (i.e., tactical populations). The prevalence and burden of such injuries underscores the importance of prevention efforts during activities necessary to sustain core occupational competencies. Attempts to synthesize prevention techniques specific to tactical populations have provided limited insight on the comparative efficacy of interventions that do not modify physical training practices...
May 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713458/can-chiropractors-contribute-to-work-disability-prevention-through-sickness-absence-management-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-comparative-qualitative-case-study-in-the-scandinavian-context
#11
Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Ole Kristoffer Larsen, Casper Glissmann Nim, Iben Axén, Julia Haraldsson, Ole Christian Kvammen, Corrie Myburgh
Background: Despite extensive publication of clinical guidelines on how to manage musculoskeletal pain and back pain in particular, these efforts have not significantly translated into decreases in work disability due to musculoskeletal pain. Previous studies have indicated a potential for better outcomes by formalized, early referral to allied healthcare providers familiar with occupational health issues. Instances where allied healthcare providers of comparable professional characteristics, but with differing practice parameters, can highlight important social and organisational strategies useful for informing policy and practice...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693025/development-of-a-method-to-assess-compliance-with-ergonomic-posture-in-dental-students
#12
Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia, Danielle Wajngarten, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
CONTEXT: The ergonomic posture protocol is extremely important for the maintenance of occupational health in dentistry. The lack of compliance with this protocol results in a high risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. AIMS: This study developed a direct observation method for the evaluation of dental student compliance with ergonomic posture protocol. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The method is named compliance assessment of dental ergonomic posture requirements (CADEP)...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683858/the-effect-of-booster-seat-use-on-pediatric-injuries-in-motor-vehicle-frontal-crashes
#13
Sean Caskey, Joshua Hammond, Jeffery Peck, Matthew Sardelli, Theresa Atkinson
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are a significant source of pediatric mortality and morbidity. Studies indicate that booster seats significantly improve seat belt fit for children who have not attained a height of 145 cm (4' 9"). This study examined injuries occurring in booster age children up to age 12, as the majority of children do not attain 145 cm until this age. The purpose of the study was to identify differences in injuries due to the type of restraint used, with attention to musculoskeletal injuries...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670002/assessment-of-whole-body-and-local-muscle-fatigue-using-electromyography-and-a-perceived-exertion-scale-for-squat-lifting
#14
Imran Ahmad, Jung-Yong Kim
This research study aims at addressing the paradigm of whole body fatigue and local muscle fatigue detection for squat lifting. For this purpose, a comparison was made between perceived exertion with the heart rate and normalized mean power frequency (NMPF) of eight major muscles. The sample consisted of 25 healthy males (age: 30 ± 2.2 years). Borg’s CR-10 scale was used for perceived exertion for two segments of the body (lower and upper) and the whole body. The lower extremity of the body was observed to be dominant compared to the upper and whole body in perceived response...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669084/advancing-psychologically-informed-practice-for-patients-with-persistent-musculoskeletal-pain-promise-pitfalls-and-solutions
#15
Francis J Keefe, Chris J Main, Steven Z George
There has been growing interest in psychologically oriented pain management over the past 3 to 4 decades, including a 2011 description of psychologically informed practice (PIP) for low back pain. PIP requires a broader focus than traditional biomechanical and pathology-based approaches that have been traditionally used to manage musculoskeletal pain. A major focus of PIP is addressing the behavioral aspects of pain (ie, peoples' responses to pain) by identifying individual expectations, beliefs, and feelings as prognostic factors for clinical and occupational outcomes indicating progression to chronicity...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667644/emotional-distress-as-a-predictor-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-malaysian-nursing-professionals
#16
Nur Azma Amin, Kia Fatt Quek, Jennifer Anne Oxley, Rahim Noah, Rusli Nordin
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress is becoming a great concern and is more common in both developed and developing countries. It is associated with several disease conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of self-perceived emotional distress and its relation to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) in nurses. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out on 660 female nurses working in public hospitals in the Klang Valley, Malaysia...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663865/proactive-prevention-in-occupational-safety-and-health-how-to-identify-tomorrow-s-prevention-priorities-and-preventive-measures
#17
Angelika Hauke, Eva Flaspöler, Dietmar Reinert
INTRODUCTION: Global trends such as digitalisation, globalisation and demographic change are changing workplaces, and accordingly occupational safety and health (OSH) needs. To better prepare for the future and to foster proactive prevention, the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV) established an OSH risk observatory (RO OSH). METHODS: The RO OSH relies on an online survey and calls upon the expertise of labour inspectors. 398 labour inspectors participated in the first RO OSH enquiry...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660896/a-physiological-exploration-on-operational-stance-and-occupational-musculoskeletal-problem-manifestations-amongst-construction-labourers-of-west-bengal-india
#18
Arijit Chatterjee, Subhashis Sahu
BACKGROUND: A huge number of labourers engaged in construction industry in India both in organized and unorganized sectors. The construction labourers most often work for an extended period of time and they are compelled to uphold altered static and dynamic operational stance in awkward positions during the complete period of work which raises the demand on the musculoskeletal system and may lead to work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). OBJECTIVE: This study is intended to explore the operational stance and occupation related musculoskeletal manifestations amongst the construction labourers...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659312/anatomical-distribution-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-following-a-road-traffic-collision-in-litigants-presenting-to-physiotherapists-within-a-private-clinic-in-north-east-england
#19
Jennifer Sewell, Cheryl Dixon, Rosie Morris, Samuel Stuart
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are common following a road traffic collision (RTC) in England. Establishing the anatomical distribution of MSDs following RTC that present to physiotherapists may improve understanding and clinical practice. This study examined anatomical distribution of MSDs that present to physiotherapists within a litigant population following a RTC in England. METHODS: A retrospective review of physiotherapy records was conducted at a private practice in North-East England...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648891/muscular-and-vascular-issues-induced-by-prolonged-standing-with-different-work-rest-cycles-with-active-or-passive-breaks
#20
Maria-Gabriela Garcia, Thomas Läubli, Bernard J Martin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-lasting motor, behavioral, physiological, and perceptual effects of prolonged standing work in three work-rest cycle conditions including passive or active rest breaks. BACKGROUND: Muscle fatigue has been evidenced after prolonged standing work through physiological and neuromotor measures. It has been postulated that muscle fatigue induced by prolonged work could be attenuated by appropriate scheduling of work and rest periods...
April 1, 2018: Human Factors
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