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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816511/virtual-reality-and-active-videogame-based-practice-learning-needs-and-preferences-a-cross-canada-survey-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists
#1
Danielle Levac, Stephanie Glegg, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia Miller, Farzad Noubary
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical use of virtual reality (VR)/active videogaming (AVG) by physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in Canada, identify usage barriers and facilitators, evaluate factors that predict intention to use VR/AVGs, and determine therapists' learning needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online survey of therapists in Canada who were members of 1 of 26 professional PT or OT colleges or associations using the Assessing Determinants Of Prospective Take-up of Virtual Reality (ADOPT-VR2) Instrument...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803518/a-feminist-intervention-that-hurt-women-biological-differences-ergonomics-and-occupational-health-une-intervention-f%C3%A3-ministe-qui-a-nui-aux-femmes-diff%C3%A3-rences-biologiques-%C3%A3-galit%C3%A3-ergonomie-et-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#2
Karen Messing
The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800005/the-effects-of-british-army-footwear-on-ground-reaction-force-and-temporal-parameters-of-british-army-foot-drill
#3
Alex J Rawcliffe, Scott M Graham, Richard J Simpson, Gavin L Moir, Russell Jj Martindale, Stelios G Psycharakis, Chris Connaboy
High rates of occupational training-related lower-limb musculoskeletal [MSK] overuse injuries are reported for British Army recruits during basic training. Foot-drill is a repetitive impact loading occupational activity and involves striking the ground violently with an extended-knee [straight-leg] landing. Foot-drill produces vertical ground reaction forces [vGRF] equal to and/or greater than those reported for high-level plyometric exercises/activities. Shock absorbing footwear aid in the attenuation of the magnitude of vGRF, resulting in a reduced risk of lower-limb MSK overuse injury when running...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780767/ageing-successfully-with-haemophilia-a-multidisciplinary-programme
#4
E Boccalandro, M E Mancuso, S Riva, D M Pisaniello, F Ronchetti, E Santagostino, F Peyvandi, L P Solimeno, P M Mannucci, G Pasta
INTRODUCTION: Persons with haemophilia (PWH) born before the middle 1970s have spent a substantial part of their lives without the benefits of replacement therapy, that became available on a relative large scale only during the 1970s. As a consequence, this group of PWH, although still relatively young, suffers from musculoskeletal and functional problems that are typical of old people. METHODS: We report herewith the short-term results of a project based upon a multidisciplinary training programme led by a physiotherapist and an occupational therapist, that was implemented over a period of 12 months in 40 patients with severe or moderate hemophilia A or B born before the middle 1970s and regularly followed-up at a comprehensive haemophilia treatment centre in Italy...
August 6, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776359/work-related-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-treatment-a-cross-sectional-study-among-106-patients
#5
M Aouatef, B Asma, H Hajer, A Charfeddine, B Lamia, K Taoufik
The objective is to assess the influence of sociodemographic, professional and clinical variables on the choice of treatment of work-related carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). An exhaustive and trans-sectional study was conducted over a period of eight years, from 1st January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in the Department of Occupational Medicine at University Hospital of Mahdia, Tunisia. The study population was represented by patients with work-related carpal tunnel syndrome. Data collection was based on a questionnaire sheet, describing social, occupational and medical characteristics of patients...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756736/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-and-non-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-healthcare-workers-the-implications-for-work-disability-management
#6
Nelson Ositadimma Oranye, Jayson Benneth
Objective To compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal injuries in a cohort of workers in Manitoba healthcare sector, who made injury claims between 2002 and 2012. MethodsA retrospective study, using secondary data from WCB Manitoba. Logistic regression was used to determine odds ratios for nature of work-related injuries among different groups of workers. Results Idiopathic work-related musculoskeletal disorders constituted 74.6% of all the injury claims. Injury risks varied between worker groups, and a significant difference was found within the female group, χ(2)=13...
July 31, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756480/validation-of-the-readiness-for-return-to-work-scale-in-outpatient-occupational-rehabilitation-in-canada
#7
Joanne Park, Mary Roduta Roberts, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods Lost-time claimants (n = 389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754212/health-promotion-research-in-active-duty-army-soldiers-the-road-to-a-fit-and-ready-force
#8
Mary S McCarthy, Evelyn B Elshaw, Barbara M Szekely, Bethann Pflugeisen
BACKGROUND: In the last decade the Military Health System has changed its paradigm to focus on health promotion and disease prevention. PURPOSE: This paper reviews a decade of research exploring the effects of military life on nutritional status and bone health of Army soldiers. METHOD: Descriptive and experimental approaches have assessed occupational demands on soldiers in variable environments that require optimal nutrition status and physical health...
July 5, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736451/assessing-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-municipal-waste-loaders-of-mumbai-india
#9
Pradeep Salve, Praveen Chokhandre, Dhananjay Bansod
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the impact of municipal waste loading occupation upon developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and thereby disabilities among waste loaders. Additionally, the study has identified the potential risk factors raising MSDs and disabilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control design survey was conducted in 6 out of 24 municipal wards of Mumbai during March-September 2015. The study population consisted of municipal waste loaders (N = 180) and a control group (N = 180)...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732185/chronotype-sleep-characteristics-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses
#10
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero, Kefang Wang
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) persist as the leading occupational injury, accounting for nearly half of nurses' total occupational injuries. Musculoskeletal pain is a known cause of sleep disruption, and individuals with WMSDs that interfere with sleep often report more pain. Evening chronotype has been associated with poor sleep among nurses. However, the associations among chronotype, sleep, and WMSDs are still unclear, and were explored in the present study. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 397 nurses, with 47...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722293/robotic-assisted-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#11
Daniel R Mangels, Jay Giri, John Hirshfeld, Robert L Wilensky
Performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with several occupational hazards including radiation exposure and musculoskeletal injury. Current methods to mitigate these risks range from suspended radiation suits to adjustable lead-lined glass shields. Robotic-assisted PCI is a novel approach to PCI that utilizes remote-controlled technology to manipulate catheters thereby significantly reducing radiation exposure to the operator and catheterization laboratory staff. Although limited, current evidence indicates that robotic-assisted PCI is associated with a high technical success rate and may have additional advantages over conventional PCI, such as a decreased incidence of geographical miss...
July 19, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721578/preventive-chair-massage-with-algometry-to-maintain-psychosomatic-balance-in-white-collar-workers
#12
Anna Cabak, Mirosław Mikicin, Marek Łyp, Iwona Stanisławska, Ryszard Kaczor, Wiesław Tomaszewski
People working at computers often suffer from overload-related muscle pain, and physical and mental discomfort. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chair massage, conducted in the workplace among white-collar workers, in relieving symptoms of musculoskeletal strain related to prolonged sitting posture. The study was conducted in 124 white-collar workers, 55 women and 69 men, aged 33.7 ± 7.6 years. Subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: chair massage program, relaxing music sessions, and a control group, each of four-week duration...
July 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715057/the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-health-outcomes-wellbeing-and-employment-rates-analysis-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
M Riccò, F Marchesi, F Tartamella, C Rapacchi, V Pattonieri, A Odone, C Forlini, L Roncoroni, C Signorelli
PURPOSE: Morbid obesity is associated with several comorbidities that often impair patients' ability to obtain and keep a job and that, eventually, could hinder their fitness to work. This study aimed at determining whether the employment status of morbidly obese patients may be positively affected by bariatric surgery. METHODS: A total of 30 morbidly obese patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) from March 2014 to March 2015 were prospectively evaluated...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706082/postural-sway-working-years-and-bmi-in-healthy-truck-drivers-an-observational-study
#14
Daniela Ohlendorf, Paul Troebs, Andreas Lenk, Eileen Wanke, Jörg Natrup, David Groneberg
OBJECTIVES: The following study analyses the influence of risk factors among the occupational group of truck drivers on postural control and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: One motorway station close to several highways in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 180 truck drivers (177 male/3 female), aged 21-65 years old, took part in this study. OUTCOME MEASURES: Postural control was examined using a pressure plate...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705295/strength-training-for-women-as-a-vehicle-for-health-promotion-at-work
#15
Kai Nestler, Alexander Witzki, Ulrich Rohde, Thomas Rüther, Kim Alexander Tofaute, Dieter Leyk
BACKGROUND: Women, on average, have less muscle strength than men. This anthropometric-physiological trait may make them more vulnerable to ex - cessive physical strain, injury, and inability to work. Strength training is used for preventive health maintenance and to lessen musculoskeletal symptoms. In this context, we studied whether the degree of muscle strength has any effect on women's health in everyday working life, and also the effects of strength training for women on their health in the workplace...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705042/musculoskeletal-injuries-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopists-a-systematic-review
#16
Diana E Yung, Tommaso Banfi, Gastone Ciuti, Alberto Arezzo, Paolo Dario, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal(GI) endoscopy forms a significant proportion of clinicians' workloads. However, little attention is given to the ergonomic aspects of endoscopy. This systematic review of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries in GI endoscopists aims to better understand the types of occupational injuries resulting from endoscopic procedures and associated risk factors. Areas covered: Systematic literature search conducted for articles evaluating prevalence, risk factors and mechanism of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries related to GI endoscopy...
July 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703044/implementation-of-a-safe-patient-handling-program-in-a-multihospital-health-system-from-inception-to-sustainability-successes-over-8-years-and-ongoing-challenges
#17
Christine Olinski, Christine E Norton
Musculoskeletal injuries, especially back injuries, are among the most frequent injuries sustained by direct caregivers who lift, transfer, and reposition patients. These injuries can be debilitating and, for some caregivers, career ending. In the first year following implementation of the safe patient handling program in a multihospital health care system, an 82% reduction in Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recordable patient handling injuries was realized, a 94% decrease in days away from work, an 85% reduction in restricted duty days, and an 82% reduction in incurred workers' compensation costs...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698924/development-of-a-novel-work-related-questionnaire-for-upper-extremity-disorders-worq-up
#18
Bas R J Aerts, P Paul F M Kuijer, Annechien Beumer, Denise Eygendaal, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to develop a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) that identifies work-related limitations among patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in order to enhance work-directed care in daily orthopaedic practice, and to assess its content validity. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed following the evaluation of existing PROMs and consensus within the research team. The content validity was assessed in three steps: (1) one on one interviews with patients (n = 14) were held to discuss the clarity and possible adaptation of items; (2) experts from the field (physiotherapists, insurance physicians, occupational health physicians, rehabilitation physicians and orthopaedic surgeons) were approached to participate in an interview to discuss the clarity, relevance and missing items; (3) patients (n = 12) were interviewed one on one to discuss the final version...
July 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698178/occupational-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-disability-pension-prospective-data-from-the-hunt-study-norway
#19
Marius Steiro Fimland, Gunnhild Vie, Andreas Holtermann, Steinar Krokstad, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and disability pension due to musculoskeletal cause, mental cause or any cause. We also examined the combined association of OPA and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with disability pension. METHODS: A population-based cohort study in Norway on 32 362 persons aged 20-65 years with questionnaire data on OPA and LTPA that were followed up for incident disability pension through the National Insurance Database...
July 11, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686131/occupational-health-and-safety-management-practices-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-aged-care
#20
Jodi Oakman, Timothy Bartram
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine whether occupational health and safety (OHS) management used to manage musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the aged care sector reflects contemporary research evidence of best practice to reduce the incidence of these disorders. Design/methodology/approach In total, 58 interviews were conducted with managers and supervisors in the aged care sector across four organisations in Australia. Policies and procedures relating to MSDs were reviewed for each organisation...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
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