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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912666/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Yosra Azizpour, Ali Delpisheh, Zahra Montazeri, Kourosh Sayehmiri
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) as a musculoskeletal disorder is one of the most common occupational injuries in nurses but there isn't any valid measure of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nursing. In order to increase the power and improve the estimates of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, a comprehensive meta-analysis was carried out. A summary measure of all studies conducted in this field was found and distributions of LBP were evaluated based on different variables. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included articles with prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, who had at least six months of work experience without any trauma, injuries to spine, or any underlying disease...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899656/greater-ankle-strength-anaerobic-and-aerobic-capacity-and-agility-predict-ground-combat-military-occupational-school-graduation-in-female-marines
#2
Katelyn Fleishman Allison, Karen A Keenan, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Erin R Pletcher, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Lawrence C Coleman, Bradley C Nindl
Women can serve in all military occupational specialties (MOS); however, musculoskeletal and physiological characteristics that predict successful completion of ground combat MOS schools by female Marines are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine which demographic, musculoskeletal, and physiological characteristics predict graduation from infantry and vehicle ground combat MOS schools in female Marines. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Prior to MOS school, the following were assessed in 62 female Marines (22...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895982/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-among-healthcare-workers-in-denizli
#3
Şule Şimşek, Nesrin Yağcı, Hande Şenol
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine personal, occupational, and psychosocial risk factors affecting prevalence of low back pain in healthcare workers. METHODS: Study included total of 1682 participants (1010 female, 672 male) working at Denizli State Hospital. Low back pain section of Standardized Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (SNMA) was used to evaluate recent occurrence, pain experienced within previous year, and over lifetime. Perceived Stress Scale and Job Satisfaction Scale were also administered...
April 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892936/hazards-and-health-risks-encountered-by-manual-sand-dredgers-from-udupi-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Sidhiprada Mohapatra, Alfiya Shaikh, Priyanka Nayak, Rajesh Navada
INTRODUCTION: Globalization and urbanization have resulted in an increased demand on sand dredging. Legal and environmental restrictions on automated dredging have led to a rise in manual technique. The working techniques and environment involved in manual sand dredging may expose the workers to multiple work related disorders. AIM: To determine the health risks and occupational hazards involved in manual sand dredging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An assessment schedule was developed and content was validated by five experts for the study...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891546/work-related-musculoskeletal-pain-among-lebanese-dentists-an-epidemiological-study
#5
S Bou Jaoude, N Naaman, E Nehme, J Gebeily, M Daou
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and identify their associated factors among a group of Lebanese dentists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 314 Lebanese, dentists completed an anonymous questionnaire that focused on occupational health problems. This study was approved by the ethics committee of Saint-Joseph University of Beirut, Lebanon. The statistical analyses were performed using SPSS for windows...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876189/association-between-positive-and-negative-affect-and-musculoskeletal-pain-amongst-u-s-home-health-aides
#6
Ilana Mayer-Hirshfeld, Debi Brannan, Lauren A Murphy, Eric Hecht, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
As the United States population ages, there is an expected increase in demand for home health aides (HHAs) therefore it is important to ensure their occupational well-being. Previous studies have demonstrated associations between negative emotions and musculoskeletal pain. Using survey data collected from 285 HHAs we characterize the association between affect and musculoskeletal pain. Affect was measured using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, while musculoskeletal pain was measured using the Brief Pain Inventory...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865708/computational-stability-of-human-knee-joint-at-early-stance-in-gait-effects-of-muscle-coactivity-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficiency
#7
M Sharifi, A Shirazi-Adl, H Marouane
As one of the most complex and vulnerable structures of body, the human knee joint should maintain dynamic equilibrium and stability in occupational and recreational activities. The evaluation of its stability and factors affecting it is vital in performance evaluation/enhancement, injury prevention and treatment managements. Knee stability often manifests itself by pain, hypermobility and giving-way sensations and is usually assessed by the passive joint laxity tests. Mechanical stability of both the human knee joint and the lower extremity at early stance periods of gait (0% and 5%) were quantified here for the first time using a hybrid musculoskeletal model of the lower extremity...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855953/work-participation-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-is-this-addressed-in-physical-therapy-practice
#8
Wiebke Oswald, Nathan Hutting, Josephine A Engels, J Bart Staal, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are the main complaints for visiting a physical therapist (PT) in primary health care; they have a negative effect on an individual's quality of life and result in a major cost to society. Qualitative research has shown that physical therapists (PTs) treating patients with these disorders experience barriers in the integration of occupational factors within their practice, and also revealed a lack of cooperation between PTs and (other) occupational healthcare providers...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835511/retrospective-analysis-of-four-year-injury-data-from-the-infantry-training-centre-catterick
#9
Robert Heagerty, J Sharma, J Cayton, N Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal injury (MSKI) represents a considerable threat to the effectiveness and productivity of military organisations globally. The impact on the medical chain, occupational disposal with associated loss of working days and associated financial burden have far-reaching consequence. The moral and legal responsibility to reduce avoidable injuries through risk assessment and prevention strategies is fundamental to governance and a key component of best practice. METHODS: A retrospective observational analysis was performed of 4101 MSKIs presenting from a total inflow of 10 498 British Army Infantry recruits recorded over four consecutive training years between 2012 and 2016...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832612/neck-shoulder-discomfort-due-to-visually-demanding-experimental-near-work-is-influenced-by-previous-neck-pain-task-duration-astigmatism-internal-eye-discomfort-and-accommodation
#10
Camilla Zetterberg, Mikael Forsman, Hans O Richter
Visually demanding near work can cause eye discomfort, and eye and neck/shoulder discomfort during, e.g., computer work are associated. To investigate direct effects of experimental near work on eye and neck/shoulder discomfort, 33 individuals with chronic neck pain and 33 healthy control subjects performed a visual task four times using four different trial lenses (referred to as four different viewing conditions), and they rated eye and neck/shoulder discomfort at baseline and after each task. Since symptoms of eye discomfort may differ depending on the underlying cause, two categories were used; internal eye discomfort, such as ache and strain, that may be caused by accommodative or vergence stress; and external eye discomfort, such as burning and smarting, that may be caused by dry-eye disorders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830389/occupational-class-differences-in-diagnostic-specific-sickness-absence-a-register-based-study-in-the-finnish-population-2005-2014
#11
Johanna Pekkala, Jenni Blomgren, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal diseases and mental disorders are major causes of long-term sickness absence in Western countries. Although sickness absence is generally more common in lower occupational classes, little is known about class differences in diagnostic-specific absence over time. Focusing on Finland during 2005-2014, we therefore set out to examine the magnitude of and changes in absolute and relative occupational class differences in long-term sickness absence due to major diagnostic causes...
August 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830315/integrating-musculoskeletal-sonography-into-rehabilitation-therapists-experiences-with-training-and-implementation
#12
Julie McLaughlin Gray, Gelya Frank, Shawn C Roll
Musculoskeletal sonography is rapidly extending beyond radiology; however, best practices for successful integration into new practice contexts are unknown. This study explored non-physician experiences with the processes of training and integration of musculoskeletal sonography into rehabilitation. Qualitative data were captured through multiple sources, and iterative thematic analysis was used to describe two occupational therapists' experiences. The dominant emerging theme was competency, in three domains: technical, procedural, and analytical...
January 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816511/virtual-reality-and-active-videogame-based-practice-learning-needs-and-preferences-a-cross-canada-survey-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists
#13
Danielle Levac, Stephanie Glegg, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia Miller, Farzad Noubary
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical use of virtual reality (VR)/active videogaming (AVG) by physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in Canada, identify usage barriers and facilitators, evaluate factors that predict intention to use VR/AVGs, and determine therapists' learning needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online survey of therapists in Canada who were members of 1 of 26 professional PT or OT colleges or associations using the Assessing Determinants Of Prospective Take-up of Virtual Reality (ADOPT-VR2) Instrument...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803518/a-feminist-intervention-that-hurt-women-biological-differences-ergonomics-and-occupational-health-une-intervention-f%C3%A3-ministe-qui-a-nui-aux-femmes-diff%C3%A3-rences-biologiques-%C3%A3-galit%C3%A3-ergonomie-et-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#14
Karen Messing
The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800005/the-effects-of-british-army-footwear-on-ground-reaction-force-and-temporal-parameters-of-british-army-foot-drill
#15
Alex J Rawcliffe, Scott M Graham, Richard J Simpson, Gavin L Moir, Russell Jj Martindale, Stelios G Psycharakis, Chris Connaboy
High rates of occupational training-related lower-limb musculoskeletal [MSK] overuse injuries are reported for British Army recruits during basic training. Foot-drill is a repetitive impact loading occupational activity and involves striking the ground violently with an extended-knee [straight-leg] landing. Foot-drill produces vertical ground reaction forces [vGRF] equal to and/or greater than those reported for high-level plyometric exercises/activities. Shock absorbing footwear aid in the attenuation of the magnitude of vGRF, resulting in a reduced risk of lower-limb MSK overuse injury when running...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780767/ageing-successfully-with-haemophilia-a-multidisciplinary-programme
#16
E Boccalandro, M E Mancuso, S Riva, D M Pisaniello, F Ronchetti, E Santagostino, F Peyvandi, L P Solimeno, P M Mannucci, G Pasta
INTRODUCTION: Persons with haemophilia (PWH) born before the middle 1970s have spent a substantial part of their lives without the benefits of replacement therapy, that became available on a relative large scale only during the 1970s. As a consequence, this group of PWH, although still relatively young, suffers from musculoskeletal and functional problems that are typical of old people. METHODS: We report herewith the short-term results of a project based upon a multidisciplinary training programme led by a physiotherapist and an occupational therapist, that was implemented over a period of 12 months in 40 patients with severe or moderate hemophilia A or B born before the middle 1970s and regularly followed-up at a comprehensive haemophilia treatment centre in Italy...
August 6, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776359/work-related-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-treatment-a-cross-sectional-study-among-106-patients
#17
M Aouatef, B Asma, H Hajer, A Charfeddine, B Lamia, K Taoufik
The objective is to assess the influence of sociodemographic, professional and clinical variables on the choice of treatment of work-related carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). An exhaustive and trans-sectional study was conducted over a period of eight years, from 1st January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in the Department of Occupational Medicine at University Hospital of Mahdia, Tunisia. The study population was represented by patients with work-related carpal tunnel syndrome. Data collection was based on a questionnaire sheet, describing social, occupational and medical characteristics of patients...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756736/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-and-non-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-healthcare-workers-the-implications-for-work-disability-management
#18
Nelson Ositadimma Oranye, Jayson Benneth
Objective To compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal injuries in a cohort of workers in Manitoba healthcare sector, who made injury claims between 2002 and 2012. MethodsA retrospective study, using secondary data from WCB Manitoba. Logistic regression was used to determine odds ratios for nature of work-related injuries among different groups of workers. Results Idiopathic work-related musculoskeletal disorders constituted 74.6% of all the injury claims. Injury risks varied between worker groups, and a significant difference was found within the female group, χ(2)=13...
July 31, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756480/validation-of-the-readiness-for-return-to-work-scale-in-outpatient-occupational-rehabilitation-in-canada
#19
Joanne Park, Mary Roduta Roberts, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods Lost-time claimants (n = 389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754212/health-promotion-research-in-active-duty-army-soldiers-the-road-to-a-fit-and-ready-force
#20
Mary S McCarthy, Evelyn B Elshaw, Barbara M Szekely, Bethann Pflugeisen
BACKGROUND: In the last decade the Military Health System has changed its paradigm to focus on health promotion and disease prevention. PURPOSE: This paper reviews a decade of research exploring the effects of military life on nutritional status and bone health of Army soldiers. METHOD: Descriptive and experimental approaches have assessed occupational demands on soldiers in variable environments that require optimal nutrition status and physical health...
July 5, 2017: Nursing Outlook
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