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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633152/state-of-pelvic-and-acetabular-surgery-in-the-developing-world-a-global-survey-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-at-surgical-implant-generation-network-sign-hospitals
#1
Paul S Whiting, Duane R Anderson, Daniel D Galat, Lewis G Zirkle, Douglas W Lundy, Hassan R Mir
OBJECTIVES: To document the current state of pelvic and acetabular surgery in the developing world and to identify critical areas for improvement in the treatment of these complex injuries. DESIGN: A 50-question online survey. SETTING: International, multicenter. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-one orthopaedic surgeons at Surgical Implant Generation Network (SIGN) hospitals, which represent a cross-section of institutions in low- and middle-income countries that treat high-energy musculoskeletal trauma...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628049/early-access-to-physical-therapy-and-specialty-care-management-for-american-workers-with-musculoskeletal-injuries
#2
Timothy D Phillips, Michael J Shoemaker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of very early access to physical therapy and specialty care management in a workers' compensation population. METHODS: A prospective pilot (n = 75) was conducted from 2012 to 2013 in which injured workers with musculoskeletal complaints received physical therapy and started care management during their initial occupational medicine clinic visit. Two retrospective comparator groups with workers' compensation claims from 2009 and 2012 were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623144/cardiovascular-stress-during-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#3
Dominik Zbogar, Janice J Eng, William C Miller, Andrei V Krassioukov, Mary C Verrier
OBJECTIVES: 1) To measure the amount of a) cardiovascular stress, b) self-reported physical activity and c) accelerometry-measured physical activity by individuals with SCI during physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) and, 2) to investigate the relationship between these measures. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Two inpatient SCI rehabilitation centres. PARTICIPANTS: SCI patients (n=87) were recruited from consecutive admissions to rehabilitation...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615732/managing-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-past-present-and-future
#4
REVIEW
Gerd R Burmester, Johannes W J Bijlsma, Maurizio Cutolo, Iain B McInnes
Progress in rheumatology has been remarkable in the past 70 years, favourably affecting quality of life for people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. Therapeutics have advanced considerably in this period, from early developments such as the introduction of glucocorticoid therapy to the general use of methotrexate and other disease-modifying agents, followed by the advent of biologic DMARDs and, most recently, small-molecule signalling inhibitors. Novel strategies for the use of such agents have also transformed outcomes, as have multidisciplinary nonpharmacological approaches to the management of rheumatic musculoskeletal disease including surgery, physical therapy and occupational therapy...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602744/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-neck-pain-a-population-based-study
#5
Caio Vitor Dos Santos Genebra, Nicoly Machado Maciel, Thiago Paulo Frascareli Bento, Sandra Fiorelli Almeida Penteado Simeão, Alberto De Vitta
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a musculoskeletal condition with high prevalence that may affect the physical, social, and psychological aspects of the individual, contributing to the increase in costs in society and business. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neck pain and associated factors in a population-based sample of adults aged 20 and more. METHODS: Cross-sectional study based on a population survey. A total number of 600 individuals were interviewed in their homes, and the following data were collected: (1) participant characteristics (demographic, socioeconomic, and work-related aspects) using a pre-coded questionnaire; (2) physical activity level using the IPAQ; and (3) musculoskeletal symptoms using the Nordic questionnaire...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599378/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-textile-industries-in-tamil-nadu-india-a-comparative-study
#6
Gnanaselvam Nancy Angeline, Joseph Bobby
Musculoskeletal disorders are common in those employed in the textile industry. The aim of the study is to assess musculoskeletal disorders among adolescent girls who are current employees of textile industries in comparison with the adolescent girls and young women who are past employees of textile industries and adolescent girls who have never been employed in the textile industry. Methodology This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 321 subjects, 107 in each study group were sampled. Standardized nordic questionnaires (SNQ) was used to assess musculoskeletal symptoms...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599019/musculoskeletal-problems-in-pianists-and-their-influence-on-professional-activity
#7
María R Ciurana Moñino, Jaume Rosset-Llobet, Luis Cibanal Juan, María D García Manzanares, Juan D Ramos-Pichardo
BACKGROUND: Professional musical performance requires static postures and repetitive movements that may cause musculoskeletal problems in performers. Elite pianists are especially at risk for these disorders, which may cause discomfort but also affect their work. The objective of this study was to describe the most frequent musculoskeletal problems observed in pianists, and to explore the influence of these disorders on their professional activities from the perspective of the pianists themselves...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598769/a-study-of-the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-surgeons-performing-minimally-invasive-surgery
#8
Maria C Gutierrez-Diez, Maria A Benito-Gonzalez, Ramon Sancibrian, Marco A Gandarillas-Gonzalez, Carlos Redondo-Figuero, Jose C Manuel-Palazuelos
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has shown significant benefits for patients and healthcare systems. However, due to the poor ergonomic adaptation of operating rooms and surgical instruments, most surgeons suffer from pain caused by musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). METHODS: A descriptive survey on MIS surgeons working on different surgical specialties has been carried out in Hospital Valdecilla (Spain). The aim is to determine the prevalence of MSDs by using a personal interview and the standardized Nordic questionnaire (SNQ)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597308/randomized-controlled-trial-of-adding-telephone-follow-up-to-an-occupational-rehabilitation-program-to-increase-work-participation
#9
Karen Walseth Hara, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Søren Brage, Petter Christian Borchgrevink, Vidar Halsteinli, Tore Charles Stiles, Roar Johnsen, Astrid Woodhouse
Purpose Transfer from on-site rehabilitation to the participant's daily environment is considered a weak link in the rehabilitation chain. The main objective of this study is to see if adding boosted telephone follow-up directly after completing an occupational rehabilitation program effects work participation. Methods A randomized controlled study included participants with chronic pain, chronic fatigue or common mental disorders on long-term sick leave. After completing 3½ weeks of acceptance and commitment therapy based occupational rehabilitation, participants were randomized to boosted follow-up or a control group before returning to their daily environment...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591358/factor-associated-with-self-reported-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-brazilian-adults
#10
Ada Ávila Assunção, Mery Natali Silva Abreu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) and analyze the factors associated with this outcome in the Brazilian population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, population-based study, we use data from the National Survey on Health (PNS) of 2013. The sample was composed of 60,202 Brazilians aged 18 years or older. The outcome variable was the occurrence of self-reported WMSD. Sociodemographic and occupational characteristics, personal resources, and health conditions were investigated as explanatory variables...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590272/an-investigation-of-self-reported-health-related-productivity-loss-in-office-workers-and-associations-with-individual-and-work-related-factors-using-an-employer-s-perspective
#11
Michelle Jessica Pereira, Venerina Johnston, Leon Melville Straker, Gisela Sjøgaard, Markus Melloh, Shaun Patrick O'Leary, Tracy Anne Comans
OBJECTIVE: Office workers have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions. This can be a significant economic burden due to health-related productivity loss. Individual and work-related factors related to office worker health-related productivity were investigated. METHODS: A survey including the Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, which estimated productivity loss, also recorded individual and work-related factors with potential associations with health-related productivity...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587558/patient-trajectories-in-a-norwegian-unit-of-municipal-emergency-beds
#12
Heidi Nilsen, Steinar Hunskaar, Sabine Ruths
OBJECTIVE: The Coordination reform was implemented in Norway from 2012, aiming at seamless patient trajectories. All municipalities are required to establish emergency care beds (MEBs) to avoid unnecessary hospital admissions. We aimed to examine occupancy rate, patient characteristics, diagnoses and discharge level of municipal care in a small MEB unit. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SETTING: A two-bed emergency care unit. SUBJECTS: All patients admitted to the unit during one year...
June 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584330/the-association-between-rurality-and-return-to-work-for-workers-compensation-claimants-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-an-analysis-of-workers-who-failed-to-return-to-work-within-typical-healing-time-frames
#13
Callum A Lavoie, Don Voaklander, Jeremy R Beach, Douglas P Gross
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study have been to: 1) describe and compare urban and rural injured worker populations in Alberta, Canada; 2) identify return-to-work outcomes in urban and rural populations; 3) examine the relationship between geographic location of residence and recovery from work-related musculoskeletal injury; and 4) investigate if this relationship is attenuated after controlling for other known risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis utilizing data of a population of musculoskeletal injury claimants who underwent clinical/RTW (return to work) assessment between December 2009 and January 2011 collected by the Workers' Compensation Board of Alberta...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584322/musculoskeletal-symptoms-and-exposure-to-whole-body-vibration-among-open-pit-mine-workers-in-the-arctic
#14
Lage Burström, Anna Aminoff, Bodil Björ, Satu Mänttäri, Tohr Nilsson, Hans Pettersson, Hannu Rintamäki, Ingemar Rödin, Victor Shilov, Ljudmila Talykova, Arild Vaktskjold, Jens Wahlström
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional questionnaire study was carried out at 4 open-pit mines in Finland, Norway, Russia and Sweden as part of the MineHealth project. The aim has been to compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms between drivers of mining vehicles and non-drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The mine workers were asked whether they had suffered from any musculoskeletal symptoms during the previous 12 months in specified body regions, and to grade the severity of these symptoms during the past month...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584315/social-costs-of-loss-in-productivity-related-absenteeism-in-poland
#15
Agnieszka Genowska, Justyna Fryc, Jarosław Pinkas, Jacek Jamiołkowski, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Szpak, Iwona Bojar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate indirect costs associated with losses in productivity due to sickness absence among registered workers in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on sick leave durations in 2013 was obtained from the Social Insurance Institution (SII) (Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych - ZUS). Based on the number of assumptions, this data was used for calculating absence durations. The costs of lost productivity were estimated on the basis of the measure of gross value added...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583093/physical-working-conditions-as-covered-in-european-monitoring-questionnaires
#16
Tore Tynes, Cecilie Aagestad, Sannie Vester Thorsen, Lars Louis Andersen, Merja Perkio-Makela, Francisco Javier Pinilla García, Luz Galiana Blanco, Greet Vermeylen, Agnes Parent-Thirion, Wendela Hooftman, Irene Houtman, Falk Liebers, Hermann Burr, Maren Formazin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of workers with demanding physical working conditions in the European work force remains high, and occupational physical exposures are considered important risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), a major burden for both workers and society. Exposures to physical workloads are therefore part of the European nationwide surveys to monitor working conditions and health. An interesting question is to what extent the same domains, dimensions and items referring to the physical workloads are covered in the surveys...
June 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582951/the-effects-of-physical-and-psychosocial-factors-and-ergonomic-conditions-on-the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-in-malaysia
#17
Mohd Firdaus Mohd Taib, Sangwoo Bahn, Myung Hwan Yun, Mohd Syukri Mohd Taib
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) have been recognized as one of the main occupational health problems for dentists. Many studies have suggested that dentists experience work-related pain or discomfort in the neck, shoulder, and back, as well as in other parts of the body. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationship between specific physical and psychosocial factors and/or ergonomic conditions on MSD symptoms among dentists in Malaysia. METHODS: A group of 85 dentists was asked to complete a questionnaire to determine whether their complaints were related to physical and psychosocial factors and/or ergonomic conditions in their practices...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558776/association-between-epicondylitis-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-pooled-occupational-cohorts
#18
Kurt T Hegmann, Matthew S Thiese, Jay Kapellusch, Andrew Merryweather, Stephen Bao, Barbara Silverstein, Eric M Wood, Richard Kendall, James Foster, David L Drury, Arun Garg
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of lateral epicondylitis (LE) is unclear. Recent evidence suggests some common musculoskeletal disorders may have a basis in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Thus, we examined CVD risks as potential LE risks. METHODS: Workers (n = 1824) were enrolled in two large prospective studies and underwent structured interviews and physical examinations at baseline. Analysis of pooled baseline data assessed the relationships separately between a modified Framingham Heart Study CVD risk score and three prevalence outcomes of: 1) lateral elbow pain, 2) positive resisted wrist or middle finger extension, and 3) a combination of both symptoms and at least one resisted maneuver...
May 30, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558746/characteristics-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-musculoskeletal-physiotherapy-and-occupational-therapy-practice-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#19
Folarin Babatunde, Joy MacDermid, Norma MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Most conventional treatment for musculoskeletal conditions continue to show moderate effects, prompting calls for ways to increase effectiveness, including drawing from strategies used across other health conditions. Therapeutic alliance refers to the relational processes at play in treatment which can act in combination or independently of specific interventions. Current evidence guiding the use of therapeutic alliance in health care arises largely from psychotherapy and medicine literature...
May 30, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557638/essentials-in-return-to-work-issues-a-tale-of-two-shoulders
#20
Candace L Sandal
Musculoskeletal disorders are common in the workplace and often respond to first-aid treatment. Worker education combined with precise management of precautionary restrictions by occupational health nurses can decrease employees' recovery time and lower risk of complications.
June 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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