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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211840/working-suspended-in-a-harness-rig-a%C3%A2-comparative-study-of-musculoskeletal-health-complaints-in-rope-access-technicians-and-controls
#1
Harald Vikne, Einar Jebens, Shahrooz Elka, Stein Knardahl, Kaj Bo Veiersted
BACKGROUND: Rope access technique is an alternative method for gaining access to challenging work locations. There is limited knowledge about possible adverse effects of this technique on the workers' health. OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of bodily regions with pain in rope access technicians with craft workers and the working population in general. METHODS: The one-month prevalence of pain in the head, neck, distal upper extremities, lower back and lower extremities was recorded in rope access technicians (n = 95), "craft workers" (n = 289) and "all occupations" (n = 1563)...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#2
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199293/the-role-of-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-in-workers-compensation-cases
#3
Alan H Daniels, Eren O Kuris, Mark A Palumbo
Workers' compensation is an employer-funded insurance program that provides financial and medical benefits for employees injured at work. Because many occupational injuries are musculoskeletal in nature, the orthopaedic surgeon plays an important role in the workers' compensation system. Along with establishing the correct diagnosis and implementing an appropriate treatment plan, the clinician must understand the fundamental components of the workers' compensation system to manage an injured employee. Ultimately, effective claim management requires collaboration among the employer, the employee, the legal representatives, the insurance company, and the orthopaedic surgeon...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165373/a-profile-of-injuries-sustained-by-law-enforcement-officers-a-critical-review
#4
REVIEW
Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope
Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154743/effects-of-physical-activity-at-work-and-life-style-on-sleep-in-workers-from-an-amazonian-extractivist-reserve
#5
Andressa Juliane Martins, Suleima Pedroza Vasconcelos, Debra Jean Skene, Arne Lowden, Claudia Roberta de Castro Moreno
Physical activity has been recommended as a strategy for improving sleep. Nevertheless, physical effort at work might not be not the ideal type of activity to promote sleep quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of type of job (low vs. high physical effort) and life-style on sleep of workers from an Amazonian Extractivist Reserve, Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 148 low physical activity (factory workers) and 340 high physical activity (rubber tappers) was conducted between September and November 2011...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129848/using-the-zebrafish-to-understand-tendon-development-and-repair
#6
J W Chen, J L Galloway
Tendons are important components of our musculoskeletal system. Injuries to these tissues are very common, resulting from occupational-related injuries, sports-related trauma, and age-related degeneration. Unfortunately, there are few treatment options, and current therapies rarely restore injured tendons to their original function. An improved understanding of the pathways regulating their development and repair would have significant impact in stimulating the formulation of regenerative-based approaches for tendon injury...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103728/occupational-problems-and-barriers-reported-by-individuals-with-obesity
#7
Randi Nossum, Ann-Elin Johansen, Ingvild Kjeken
BACKGROUND: Even if occupational therapists meet many people with obesity in the course of their work, a majority of them do not seem to view weight management as within their area of professional practice. AIM: To explore the occupational problems and barriers among persons with severe obesity from an occupational therapy perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used the Canadian Model of Occupation and Engagement (CMOP-E) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to identify and analyze prioritized occupational performance problems and barriers perceived by 63 individuals with obesity...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096901/exploring-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-podiatry-profession-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#9
Cylie M Williams, Stefania Penkala, Peter Smith, Terry Haines, Kelly-Ann Bowles
BACKGROUND: Workplace injury is an international costly burden. Health care workers are an essential component to managing musculoskeletal disorders, however in doing this, they may increase their own susceptibility. While there is substantial evidence about work-related musculoskeletal disorders across the health workforce, understanding risk factors in specific occupational groups, such as podiatry, is limited. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of work related low back pain in podiatrists...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#10
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094592/association-among-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-job-stress-and-job-attitude-of-occupational-therapists
#11
Jin-Hyuck Park, Ji-Hyuk Park
This study was conducted to investigate the associations among work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs), job stress, and job attitude of occupational therapists in South Korea. Self-reporting questionnaires were distributed to 150 occupational therapists. Of the 128 occupational therapists who responded, 110 (85.9%) reported WMSDs affecting at least one body site. The most affected WMSDs site was the low back (26.8%), and the most reported number of body site affected by WMSDs was one (53.9%). As a result, there were significant differences in job stress and job attitude depending on the age, work experience, working hour, presence or absence of WMSDs, and number of site of pain...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090651/incidence-of-skin-and-respiratory-diseases-among-danish-hairdressing-apprentices
#12
Majken H Foss-Skiftesvik, Lone Winther, Claus R Johnsen, Claus Zachariae, Jeanne D Johansen
BACKGROUND: Hairdressing is one of the professions with the highest risk of occupational skin and respiratory diseases. The incidence of these diseases in hairdressing apprentices has been studied only sparsely. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of skin and respiratory diseases in hairdressing apprentices, and to explore whether hairdressing apprentices leave the trade during training because of these diseases. METHODS: A 3-year follow-up questionnaire study was conducted among 248 hairdressing apprentices and a control group comprising 816 young adults from the general population...
January 16, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060875/correlations-of-neck-shoulder-perfusion-characteristics-and-pain-symptoms-of-the-female-office-workers-with-sedentary-lifestyle
#14
Jian-Guo Bau, Taipau Chia, Shan-Hua Wei, Yung-Hui Li, Fun-Chie Kuo
AIM: Modern office workers are often impacted by chronic neck/shoulder pain. Most of the previous studies which investigated the relationship of the occupational factors and musculoskeletal symptoms had adopted questionnaire survey. In this study the microcirculatory characteristics and perceived symptoms in neck/shoulder region were compared among office workers with sedentary lifestyle. METHODS: Thirty-seven female office workers were recruited in this study. Microcirculatory flow in neck/shoulder region characterized by the mean blood flow (MMBF value), pulsatile blood flow (PMBF value), and the PMBF/MMBF ratio (perfusion pulsatility, PP) were investigated using Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039200/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-construction-workers-in-the-united-states-from-1992-to-2014
#15
Xuanwen Wang, Xiuwen Sue Dong, Sang D Choi, John Dement
OBJECTIVES: Examine trends and patterns of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among construction workers in the USA, with an emphasis on older workers. METHODS: WMSDs were identified from the 1992-2014 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), and employment was estimated from the Current Population Survey (CPS). Risk of WMSDs was measured by number of WMSDs per 10 000 full-time equivalent workers and stratified by major demographic and employment subgroups...
December 30, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032439/a-narrative-review-of-musculoskeletal-problems-of-the-lower-extremity-and-back-associated-with-the-interface-between-occupational-tasks-feet-footwear-and-flooring
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer Anderson, Anita E Williams, Christopher J Nester
At least 50% of workers are exposed to the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) due to spending prolonged hours standing at work. There is a lack of information regarding issues with the feet, solutions to the problem, and links between MSD, feet, footwear and flooring. The present article provides a narrative review of the research in this area, based on 31 papers. Workers who stand for large proportions of the working day had a level of MSD considerably greater than a normal population. Muscle co-activation, blood pooling, muscle fatigue and individual characteristics are all associated with MSD...
December 29, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027046/factors-associated-with-success-in-an-occupational-rehabilitation-program-for-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#17
Mark E Hardison, Shawn C Roll
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a significant burden; however, no consensus has been reached on how to maximize occupational rehabilitation programs for people with these disorders, and the impact of simulating work tasks as a mode of intervention has not been well examined. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors used logistic regression to identify client and program factors predicting success for 95 clients in a general occupational rehabilitation program and 71 clients in a comprehensive occupational rehabilitation program...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027045/role-of-occupational-therapy-in-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-recycling-workers-a-pilot-study
#18
Thomas Fisher
Little is known about injury prevention in recycling workers; therefore, in this study, I aimed to identify physical and psychosocial risk factors for employees involved in single-stream recycling and to explore strategies for prevention and wellness. Fifteen participants who were either recycling workers or supervisors located throughout seven locations on an urban university campus participated. A mixed-methods research design was used to obtain data through a variety of standardized work environment and health questionnaires and semistructured interviews...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027040/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#19
Julie Dorsey, Michelle Bradshaw
Lower-extremity (LE) musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can have a major impact on the ability to carry out daily activities. The effectiveness of interventions must be examined to enable occupational therapy practitioners to deliver the most appropriate services. This systematic review examined the literature published between 1995 and July 2014 that investigated the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for LE MSDs. Forty-three articles met the criteria and were reviewed. Occupational therapy interventions varied on the basis of population subgroup: hip fracture, LE joint replacement, LE amputation or limb loss, and nonsurgical osteoarthritis and pain...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027039/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-musculoskeletal-shoulder-conditions-a-systematic-review
#20
Tambra L Marik, Shawn C Roll
People with musculoskeletal disorders of the shoulder commonly experience pain, decreased strength, and restricted range of motion (ROM) that limit participation in meaningful occupational activities. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the current evidence for interventions within the occupational therapy scope of practice that address pain reduction and increase participation in functional activities. Seventy-six studies were reviewed for this study-67 of Level I evidence, 7 of Level II evidence, and 2 of Level III evidence...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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