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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336243/hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-workers-experience-with-functional-impairment-and-disability
#1
Midori Handford, Kiera Lepine, Kristina Boccia, Francesca Ruddick, Darya Alyeksyeyeva, Aaron Thompson, D Linn Holness, Sharon Switzer-McIntyre
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and descriptive study. INTRODUCTION: Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) is a prevalent disease in Canada. There is little work on the perspectives of HAVS patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Explore perceptions of disability and functional compromise in patients with HAVS. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with HAVS patients and analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: The 11 participants reported numbness, pain, and reduced dexterity, strength, and sensation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322704/transmission-of-hepatitis-a-virus-through-combined-liver-small-intestine-pancreas-transplantation
#2
Monique A Foster, Lauren M Weil, Sherry Jin, Thomas Johnson, Tonya R Hayden-Mixson, Yury Khudyakov, Pallavi D Annambhotla, Sridhar V Basavaraju, Saleem Kamili, Jana M Ritter, Noele Nelson, George Mazariegos, Michael Green, Ryan W Himes, David T Kuhar, Matthew J Kuehnert, Jeffrey A Miller, Rachel Wiseman, Anne C Moorman
Although transmission of hepatitis A virus (HAV) through blood transfusion has been documented, transmission through organ transplantation has not been reported. In August 2015, state health officials in Texas, USA, were notified of 2 home health nurses with HAV infection whose only common exposure was a child who had undergone multi-visceral organ transplantation 9 months earlier. Specimens from the nurses, organ donor, and all organ recipients were tested and medical records reviewed to determine a possible infection source...
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319799/occurrence-of-hepatitis-a-and-e-and-norovirus-gi-and-gii-in-ready-to-eat-vegetables-in-italy
#3
V Terio, M Bottaro, E Pavoni, M N Losio, A Serraino, F Giacometti, V Martella, A Mottola, A Di Pinto, G Tantillo
Fresh vegetables and their ready-to-eat (RTE) salads have become increasingly recognized as potential vehicles for foodborne diseases. The EU Reg. 1441/2007 establishes microbiological criteria for bacterial pathogens for products placed on the market during their shelf-life (i.e. Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes) for pre-cut fruits and vegetables (RTE) whilst it does not address the problem of contamination by enteric viruses. In this study we investigated the contamination by hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis E virus (HEV) and norovirus (NoV) in 911 ready-to-eat vegetable samples taken from products at retail in Apulia and in Lombardia...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319454/five-year-antibody-persistence-in-children-after-one-dose-of-inactivated-or-live-attenuated-hepatitis-a-vaccine
#4
Zhilun Zhang, Xiangjun Zhu, Yuansheng Hu, Miao Liang, Jin Sun, Yufei Song, Qi Yang, Haiquan Ji, Gang Zeng, Lifei Song, Jiangting Chen
In China, both inactivated hepatitis A (HA) vaccine and live attenuated HA vaccine are available. We conducted a trial to evaluate 5-year immune persistence induced by one dose of inactivated or live attenuated HA vaccines in children. Subjects with no HA vaccination history had randomly received one dose of inactivated or live attenuated HA vaccine at 18-60 months of age. Anti-HAV antibody concentrations were measured before vaccination and at the first, second, and fifth year after vaccination. Suspected cases of hepatitis A were monitored during the study period...
February 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303345/detection-and-characterization-of-hepatitis-a-virus-circulating-in-egypt
#5
Hazem Hamza, Dina Nadeem Abd-Elshafy, Sayed A Fayed, Mahmoud Mohamed Bahgat, Nagwa Abass El-Esnawy, Emam Abdel-Mobdy
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) still poses a considerable problem worldwide. In the current study, hepatitis A virus was recovered from wastewater samples collected from three wastewater treatment plants over one year. Using RT-PCR, HAV was detected in 43 out of 68 samples (63.2%) representing both inlet and outlet. Eleven positive samples were subjected to sequencing targeting the VP1-2A junction region. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all samples belonged to subgenotype IB with few substitutions at the amino acid level...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302512/seroepidemiology-of-hepatitis-a-hepatitis-b-and-varicella-virus-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-ireland
#6
Corinna Sadlier, Anna O'Rourke, Alison Carr, Colm Bergin
Epidemiological studies investigating seroprevalence of vaccine preventable infections at both individual and population level are important in guiding screening and vaccination practices. Data on seroprevalence of common vaccine preventable infections in HIV-infected individuals is lacking. We carried out a retrospective cohort study to investigate serological immunity and factors associated with immunity to hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and varicalla virus (VZV) in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals attending a large ambulatory HIV specialist centre in Ireland...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292796/hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-what-family-physicians-should-know
#7
REVIEW
Shixin Cindy Shen, Ronald A House
OBJECTIVE: To provide family physicians with an understanding of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, and management of hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS), an important and common occupational disease in Canada. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A MEDLINE search was conducted for research and review articles on HAVS. A Google search was conducted to obtain gray literature relevant to the Canadian context. Additional references were obtained from the articles identified...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285979/the-added-value-of-hepatitis-e-diagnostics-in-determining-causes-of-hepatitis-in-routine-diagnostic-settings-in-the-netherlands
#8
Meintje Doting, Jan Weel, H Niesters, A Riezebos-Brilman, Afke Brandenburg
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is endemic in Europe and an underdiagnosed and emerging (public) health issue. In recent years commercial enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) that detect antibodies to HEV more adequately, became available. We investigated the added value of this HEV serology in the diagnostic work flow to detect viral causes of recent hepatitis. METHODS: During a two year period (May 2013 - May 2015), HEV serology was added to the hepatitis work flow, consisting of serological detection of hepatitis A-B-C virus (HAV, HBV, HCV), Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV)...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284976/recombinant-vp1-protein-as-a-potential-marker-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-hepatitis-a-virus-infection
#9
Haroldo Cid da Silva Junior, Edimilson Domingos da Silva, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez de Souza Rodrigues, Marco Alberto Medeiros
Since hepatitis A virus (HAV) production is time-consuming and expensive, the use of recombinant proteins may represent an alternative source of antigens for diagnostic purposes. The present study aimed to express, purify and evaluate the potential of recombinant VP1 protein (rVP1) as a marker for the diagnosis of acute HAV infection. The rVP1 was expressed and purified successfully from Escherichia coli. The purified rVP1 was used to establish an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA-rVP1) for detection of IgM antibodies in sera from HAV-positive patients...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281907/persistence-of-antibodies-20%C3%A2-y-after-vaccination-with-a-combined-hepatitis-a-and-b-vaccine
#10
Pierre Van Damme, Geert Leroux-Roels, P Suryakiran, Nicolas Folschweiller, Olivier Van Der Meeren
Vaccination is the most effective and well-tolerated method of conferring long-term protection against hepatitis A and B viruses (HAV; HBV). Long-term studies are required to characterize the duration of protection and need for boosters. Following primary immunization of 150 and 157 healthy adults with 3-doses of combined hepatitis A/hepatitis B vaccine (HAB; Twinrix™, GSK Vaccines, Belgium) at 0-1-6 months in 2 separate studies, we measured vaccine-induced antibody persistence against HAV and HBV annually for 20 y (Study A: NCT01000324; Study B: NCT01037114)...
March 10, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281241/decellularized-cryopreserved-allografts-as-off-the-shelf-allogeneic-alternative-for-heart-valve-replacement-in-vitro-assessment-before-clinical-translation
#11
Laura Iop, Adolfo Paolin, Paola Aguiari, Diletta Trojan, Elisa Cogliati, Gino Gerosa
Cryopreserved allogeneic conduits are the elective biocompatible choice among currently available substitutes for surgical replacement in end-stage valvulopathy. However, degeneration occurs in 15 years in adults or faster in children, due to recipient's immunological reactions to donor's antigens. Here, human aortic valves were decellularized by TRICOL, based on Triton X-100 and sodium cholate, and submitted to standard cryopreservation (TRICOL-human aortic valves (hAVs)). Tissue samples were analyzed to study the effects of the combined procedure on original valve architecture and donor's cell removal...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259077/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-membrane-filtration-processes-to-remove-human-enteric-viruses-and-the-suitability-of-bacteriophages-and-a-plant-virus-as-surrogates-for-those-viruses
#12
N Shirasaki, T Matsushita, Y Matsui, K Murai
Here, we evaluated the efficacy of direct microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) to remove three representative human enteric viruses (i.e., adenovirus [AdV] type 40, coxsackievirus [CV] B5, and hepatitis A virus [HAV] IB), and one surrogate of human caliciviruses (i.e., murine norovirus [MNV] type 1). Eight different MF membranes and three different UF membranes were used. We also examined the ability of coagulation pretreatment with high-basicity polyaluminum chloride (PACl) to enhance virus removal by MF...
February 24, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248852/serosurveillance-of-hepatitis-a-in-a-region-which-adopted-the-universal-mass-vaccination
#13
Maria Filomena Gallone, Francesco Desiante, Maria Serena Gallone, Giovanna Barbuti, Silvio Tafuri, Cinzia Germinario
Hepatitis A is a common infectious disease worldwide that was endemic in many regions of Southern Italy, such as Apulia region. After a large hepatitis A outbreak occurred between 1996 and 1997, in Apulia an active-free immunization program that was targeted to new-borns and adolescents was started. The aim of this study is to investigate the hepatitis A seroprevalence in the adult Apulian population 18 years after the immunization program introduction, in order to evaluate the risk of new epidemics onset.The study was carried out from May 2011 to June 2012 among blood donors from Department of Transfusion Medicine and Blood Bank of Policlinico General Hospital in Bari...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236520/frequency-and-prognosis-of-acute-pancreatitis-associated-with-fulminant-or-non-fulminant-acute-hepatitis-a-a-systematic-review
#14
Samir Haffar, Fateh Bazerbachi, Larry Prokop, Kymberly D Watt, M Hassan Murad, Suresh T Chari
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with fulminant viral hepatitis is well recognized and its mortality depends on the severity of hepatitis rather than pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis associated with non-fulminant acute hepatitis A (AHA) has been rarely described, and is considered to have a benign course with good response to conservative management. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the frequency and prognosis of AP associated with fulminant or non-fulminant AHA...
February 17, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220051/the-effect-of-vibration-exposure-during-haul-truck-operation-on-grip-strength-touch-sensation-and-balance
#15
Jonisha Pollard, William Porter, Alan Mayton, Xueyan Xu, Eric Weston
Falls from mobile equipment are reported at surface mine quarry operations each year in considerable numbers. Research shows that a preponderance of falls occur while getting on/off mobile equipment. Contributing factors to the risk of falls include the usage of ladders, exiting onto a slippery surface, and foot or hand slippage. Balance issues may also contribute to fall risks for mobile equipment operators who are exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV). For this reason, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Office of Mine Safety and Health Research conducted a study at four participating mine sites with seven haul truck operators...
January 2017: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208132/an-outbreak-of-acute-hepatitis-caused-by-genotype-ib-hepatitis-a-viruses-contaminating-the-water-supply-in-thailand
#16
Kriangsak Ruchusatsawat, Jongkonnee Wongpiyabovorn, Chonthicha Kawidam, Laddawan Thiemsing, Somchai Sangkitporn, Sayaka Yoshizaki, Masashi Tatsumi, Naokazu Takeda, Koji Ishii
BACKGROUND: In 2000, an outbreak of acute hepatitis A was reported in a province adjacent to Bangkok, Thailand. AIMS: To investigate the cause of the 2000 hepatitis A outbreaks in Thailand using molecular epidemiological analysis. METHODS: Serum and stool specimens were collected from patients who were clinically diagnosed with acute viral hepatitis. Water samples from drinking water and deep-drilled wells were also collected. These specimens were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and sequencing of the VP1/2A region of the hepatitis A virus (HAV) genome...
February 17, 2017: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202798/high-prevalence-and-diversity-of-hepatitis-viruses-in-suspected-cases-of-yellow-fever-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#17
Sheila Makiala-Mandanda, Frédéric Le Gal, Nadine Ngwaka-Matsung, Steve Ahuka-Mundeke, Richard Onanga, Berthold Bivigou-Mboumba, Elisabeth Pukuta-Simbu, Athenaïs Gerber, Jessica L Abbate, Dieudonné Mwamba, Nicolas Berthet, Eric Maurice Leroy, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum, Pierre Becquart
The majority of patients with acute febrile jaundice (>95%) identified through a yellow fever surveillance program in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) test negative for antibodies against yellow fever virus. However, no etiological investigation has ever been carried out on these patients. Here, we tested for hepatitis A (HAV), B (HBV), C (HCV), D (HDV) and E (HEV) viruses, all of which can cause acute febrile jaundice, in patients included in the yellow fever surveillance program in the DRC. On a total of 498 serum samples collected from suspected cases of yellow fever from January 2003 to January 2012, ELISA techniques were used to screen for antibodies against HAV (IgM) and HEV (IgM) and for antigens and antibodies against HBV (HBsAg and anti-HBc IgM), HCV and HDV...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190741/immunogenicity-and-estimation-of-antibody-persistence-following-vaccination-with-an-inactivated-virosomal-hepatitis-a-vaccine-in-adults-a-20-year-follow-up-study
#18
Francois Chappuis, Tiziana Farinelli, Henri Deckx, Michal Sarnecki, Oscar Go, Yvonne Salzgeber, Coby Stals
PURPOSE: This was a 20-year follow-up study to assess long-term persistence of protective antibody levels against the hepatitis A virus (HAV) in healthy participants vaccinated with 2 doses of inactivated hepatitis A vaccine (Epaxal®) between 1992 and 1995. METHODS: Blood samples for anti-HAV antibody concentrations were obtained during a follow-up visit 20years after vaccination and were analyzed in parallel with samples still available from previous visits using AxSYM® HAVAB 2...
February 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185736/enteric-viruses-and-adenovirus-diversity-in-waters-from-2016-olympic-venues
#19
Rodrigo Staggemeier, Tatiana M S Heck, Meriane Demoliner, Rute G F Ritzel, Nicole M S Röhnelt, Viviane Girardi, Carolina A Venker, Fernando R Spilki
Rio de Janeiro's inner and coastal waters are heavily impacted by human sewage pollution for decades. Enteric viruses, including human adenoviruses (HAdV), human enterovirus (EV), group A rotavirus (RV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV) are more likely to be found in contaminated surface waters. The present work aimed to assess the frequency and loads of EV, HAdV-C and -F species, RV and HAV in sand and water samples from venues used during the 2016 Summer Olympics and by tourists attending the event. Sixteen monthly collections were carried out from March 2015 to July 2016 in 12 different sites from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182859/radiographic-study-of-pes-planovarus
#20
Janic Aebi, Monika Horisberger, Arno Frigg
BACKGROUND: Depending on the direction of the subtalar joint, a foot deformity generally tends towards pronation (pes planovalgus) or supination (pes cavovarus). However, the combination of hindfoot varus and flat midfoot/forefoot (pes planovarus) is an exception to this rule. Pes planovarus has so far only been referred to in connection with Müller-Weiss disease and congenital disease. We diagnosed pes planovarus in otherwise healthy patients without these diseases. METHODS: Forty patients with 54 symptomatic feet who were treated between August 2012 and July 2016 were included (mean age, 44...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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