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Melancholie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747605/wavelet-based-study-of-valence-arousal-model-of-emotions-on-eeg-signals-with-labview
#1
Seda Guzel Aydin, Turgay Kaya, Hasan Guler
This paper illustrates the wavelet-based feature extraction for emotion assessment using electroencephalogram (EEG) signal through graphical coding design. Two-dimensional (valence-arousal) emotion model was studied. Different emotions (happy, joy, melancholy, and disgust) were studied for assessment. These emotions were stimulated by video clips. EEG signals obtained from four subjects were decomposed into five frequency bands (gamma, beta, alpha, theta, and delta) using "db5" wavelet function. Relative features were calculated to obtain further information...
June 2016: Brain Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648506/pyrotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-psychosis-in-the-21st-century-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Zachary D Zuschlag, Callie J Lalich, Edward B Short, Mark Hamner, David A Kahn
The concept that fevers can improve the condition of patients with certain medical and psychiatric diseases dates back to Hippocrates. Over the centuries, it has been observed that fevers and infectious agents have been beneficial for a broad spectrum of diseases, including neurologic conditions such as epilepsy and psychiatric illnesses including melancholy and psychosis. Interest in the concept of fever as a treatment for disease, termed pyrotherapy or pyretotherapy, peaked in the late 1800s and early 1900s thanks to the Nobel Prize winning work of Julius Wagner-Jauregg for his studies with malaria therapy for general paralysis of the insane, now more commonly referred to as neurosyphilis...
September 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628883/erin-sullivan-beyond-melancholy-sadness-and-selfhood-in-renaissance-england-oxford-oxford-university-press-2016-pp-%C3%A2-ix-227-100-hardback-isbn-%C3%A2-9780198739654
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569105/melancholy-as-a-risk-factor-for-cancer-a-historical-overview
#4
Marianna Karamanou, Elias Tzavellas, Konstantinos Laios, Michalis Koutsilieris, George Androutsos
In antiquity, physicians related depression or melancholic humour to cancer's pathogenesis. Galen (130-201 AD), sustained that melancholy could give rise to a tumour and his theory was repeated by the Byzantine and Arab physicians. In the 19th century, malignancy and depression became synonymous and people attributed their cancer to sadness. In 1893, the London surgeon Hebert Snow (1847-1930), performed an epidemiological study in order to clarify that link. The results revealed a probable connection. His work was followed by several large scale prospective studies some of which identified depression as a risk factor for cancer where others found no association...
May 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516689/salt-and-its-role-in-health-and-disease-prevention-from-the-perspectives-of-iranian-medicine-and-modern-medicine
#5
Masoud Mokhtari, Hamide Vahid
BACKGROUND: Salt in Iranian medical sources is mentioned as Malh and has a special place in people's nutrition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of correct use of salt on health and disease prevention in the context of Iranian medicine and its comparison with modern medicine. METHODS: This article reviews Iranian medicine references on the usage of salt and its benefits. Additionally, modern medicine references were searched to identify the dos and don'ts of salt consumption...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516658/categorization-of-cathartic-purgative-medicines-mentioned-in-tpm-resources-according-to-their-specific-function
#6
Jafar Abolghasemi
BACKGROUND: According to traditional Persian medicine (TPM) resources, the human digestive system includes four steps. In the first step, gastric digestion, the ingested food pours into the stomach and changes into the leachate called chylous due to the heat produced in the stomach. In the second step, hepatic digestion, the chylous enters in the liver through mesenteric vessels and transforms into the quadruple humors, sanguine, phlegm, bile and black bile due to the liver heat. In the case of humor predominance, using moshel or cathartic medicines is considered as a strategic medical plan...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477342/democritus-junior-as-reader-of-auctoritates-robert-burton-s-method-and-italic-the-anatomy-of-melancholy-italic
#7
Giuliano Mori
This essay analyzes Robert Burton's methodological approach to the subject of melancholy and draws comparisons between Burton's method of inquiry and the 17th-century scientific method at large. Burton's sources are hence examined and two epistemological lines of influence are singled out, one being characterized by deductive procedures (Galen, Ramus), and the other by inductivism (Hippocrates, pseudo-Hippocratic representation of Democritus). Combined by Burton, these traditions inspired the structure of Burton's Anatomy, which allowed the concurrence of multiple opinions that mutually interact and automatically correct one another within a cento-like text...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456194/-robert-schumann-in-the-psychiatric-hospital-in-endenich-near-bonn
#8
R Steinberg
BACKGROUND: The composer Robert Schumann (1810-1856) spent the last two-and-a-half years of his life in the private psychiatric hospital in Endenich. His medical records emerged in 1991 and were published by Appel in 2006. METHODS: Daily entries by the physicians were analyzed concerning psychopathology and organic signs as well as the illness-related correspondence of the people closest to Schumann. RESULTS: The numerous entries reveal the treatment typical at that time for what was at first considered to be "melancholy with delusions": shielding from stimuli, physical procedures, and a dietary regimen...
July 25, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391984/-m%C3%A3-ller-hegemann-s-classification-of-depressions-of-1964-as-a-proposal-for-a-conceptualization-of-affective-disorders-a-critical-review
#9
R Schmidt, H Steinberg
Against the background of current discussions on the classification of psychiatric disorders, this study analyses and discusses the East-German psychiatrist Dietfried Müller-Hegemann's concept of a clinical classification of depressions of 1964.In his paper, Müller-Hegemann differentiated between two main forms of depression, namely the "vitally tinged depression" (= melancholy), found mainly in the depressive phases of the manic-depressive disorder, and the "depressive disgruntlement" (= dysthymia) seen in "reactive and neurotic depression", "involutional depression", and in the depressive states in psychopathic personalities...
June 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190931/the-arid-melancholy-netherton-syndrome-with-protein-energy-malnutrition
#10
Sonia Pramod Jain, Pramod Ajit Jain, Neha Pandey
Netherton Syndrome (NS) is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary ichthyosiform disease with a classical triad comprising of an ichthyosiform dermatosis, hair shaft abnormalities and atopic diathesis. There is a mutation in a gene named Serine Protease Inhibitor Kazal type-5 (SPINK5); a new type of serine protease inhibitor involved in the regulation of skin barrier formation and immunity. Skin manifestations include, Ichthyosis Linearis Circumflexa (ILC), polycyclic and serpiginous, erythematous plaques with characteristic migratory, double-edged scale at the margins, or Congenital Ichthyosiform Erythroderma (CIE)...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143008/the-anatomy-of-melancholy-by-robert-burton-reflection
#11
German E Berrios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111989/medicine-and-melancholy
#12
Dwalia S South
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070466/-dysphoric-disorders-in-epilepsy
#13
M V Usyukina, S V Kornilova, A S Shamanaev
OBJECTIVE: to determine the differentiated clinical variants of dysphoric disorders in epilepsy based on their syndromal patterns, etiopathogenetic and dynamic characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty men (mean age 32.7 years, illness duration from 11 to 20 years) were examined using clinical/psychopathological methods. Data analysis was performed with Statistika-10 software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Dysphoric disorders in epilepsy were most frequent among affective disorders Paroxysmal, psychogenic and autochthonous dysphoric disorders were determined...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991429/quality-of-life-analysis-and-smoking-correlation-in-symptomatic-spine-osteoarthritis-a-nationwide-health-survey-analysis-of-an-elderly-population-with-eq-5d
#14
Jae-Young Hong, Kyungdo Han, Dong-Hyup Shin, Eun Mi Chun
OBJECTIVES: To analyze quality of life in people with symptomatic spine osteoarthritis (OA) using the results of a cross-sectional, nationwide survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used data from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-5; 2010-2012). After excluding ineligible subjects, the total number of subjects in the study was 8,963, including 4,091 males and 4,872 females. All participants reported disabilities related to spine OA...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26746319/-temporal-meaning-of-suffering
#15
J Porée
If we had to find a few simple words to express what a suffering human being experiences, no matter what ills are causing the suffering and no matter what circumstances underlie the ills themselves, we could unmistakably say that it is the experience of not being able to go on like this. Suffering can be described, in this same sense, as an alteration in temporality. However, describing suffering as such only makes sense if we already have a conception of normal temporality. Yet for this, philosophical tradition offers not one but four competing conceptions...
September 2015: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26487812/a-history-of-anxiety-from-hippocrates-to-dsm
#16
REVIEW
Marc-Antoine Crocq
This article describes the history of the nosology of anxiety disorders. Greek and Latin physicians and philosophers distinguished anxiety from other types of negative affect, and identified it as a medical disorder. Ancient Epicurean and Stoic philosophers suggested techniques to reach an anxiety-free state of mind that are reminiscent of modern cognitive psychology. Between classical antiquity and the late 19(th) century there was a long interval during which anxiety was not classified as a separate illness...
September 2015: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26480224/mental-health-and-sexual-activity-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#17
K Laios, G Tsoucalas, Μ-Ι Kontaxaki, Μ Karamanou, Μ Sgantzos, G Androutsos
The ancient Greek physicians have not failed in their studies to indicate the beneficial role of sexual activity in human health. They acknowledged that sex helps to maintain mental balance. Very interesting is their observation that sex may help mental patients to recover. Nevertheless they stressed emphatically that sex is beneficial only when there is a measure in it, so they believed that sexual abstinence or excessive sexual activity affect negatively the mental and physical health of man. Ancient Greek physicians reached this conclusion by empirical observation...
July 2015: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26462036/bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-and-stressful-life-events-in-melancholic-childhood-onset-depression
#18
Timea Rimay, Istvan Benak, Eniko Kiss, Ildiko Baji, Agnes Feher, Anna Juhasz, John Strauss, James Kennedy, Cathy Barr, Maria Kovacs, Agnes Vetro, Krisztina Kapornai
INTRODUCTION: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) polymorphisms have been examined for their contribution toward depression with equivocal results. More homogeneous phenotypes might be used to improve our understanding of genetic liability to depression. The aim of our study was to (a) test for an association between the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and childhood-onset melancholic depression and (b) to examine the interactive effects of stressful life events (SLE) and the Val66Met polymorphism on the risk of childhood-onset melancholic depression...
December 2015: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456324/dental-pain-related-to-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-south-korean-adults
#19
Sung-Eun Yang, Yong-Gyu Park, Kyungdo Han, Jung-Ah Min, Sin-Young Kim
High levels of stress, anxiety and depression have been reported in patients with orofacial pain. Dental pain has the potential to reduce quality of life (QOL), and pain relief is important aspect of QOL. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships of dental pain with QOL and mental health using a nationally representative, population-based study. This study analyzed data from the 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 5469). Oral health status was assessed using the oral health questionnaire, and oral examination was performed by trained dentists...
December 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26408043/a-medicinal-herb-melissa-officinalis-l-ameliorates-depressive-like-behavior-of-rats-in-the-forced-swimming-test-via-regulating-the-serotonergic-neurotransmitter
#20
Shih-Hang Lin, Mei-Ling Chou, Wei-Cheng Chen, Yi-Syuan Lai, Kuan-Hung Lu, Cherng-Wei Hao, Lee-Yan Sheen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Depression is a serious psychological disorder that causes extreme economic loss and social problems. However, the conventional medications typically cause side effects that result in patients opting to out of therapy. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L., MO) is an old and particularly reliable medicinal herb for relieving feelings of melancholy, depression and anxiety. The present study aims to investigate the antidepressant-like activity of water extract of MO (WMO) by evaluating its influence on the behaviors and the relevant neurotransmitters of rats performed to forced swimming test...
December 4, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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