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Dental students assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156108/optimizing-quality-of-dental-carving-by-preclinical-dental-students-through-anatomy-theory-reinforcement
#1
Renato A de Azevedo, Marcos B Correa, Marcos A Torriani, Rafael G Lund
Knowledge of dental anatomy is of great importance in the practice of dentistry, especially in oral rehabilitation, because without this knowledge, professional practice is not possible. Dental carving plays a major role in training dental students as it develops their manual dexterity. This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the influence of didactic-theoretical reinforcement on the theoretical and practical knowledge of dental anatomy of preclinical students by examining the quality of the anatomical restorations performed by these students before and after a didactic-theoretical reinforcement...
November 20, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154304/assessment-of-work-engagement-among-dentists-in-hyderabad
#2
Madhuri Mukkavilli, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Srikanth Reddy, Padma Reddy, Sahithi Reddy
BACKGROUND: Work engagement has been conceptualized as a relatively stable phenomenon, partly explained by the presence of specific job and organizational characteristics. Work engagement is important to the dental workforce worldwide, and the lack of it has been known to cause burnout. Positivity among dentists is essential as it is directly proportional to the patient's satisfaction towards the dental care. OBJECTIVE: To assess work engagement among dentists in the city of Hyderabad, India...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151794/knowledge-and-practices-of-indian-dental-students-regarding-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-and-analgesics
#3
Astha Doshi, Kailash Asawa, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Priyanjali Dutta, Tajinder Kumar Bansal, Ruchika Gupta
Background and aim: Making a diagnosis and prescribing medicine is the most important skill required by any doctor in the colleges, hospitals or clinical practice. Prescribing is the intervention that has the greatest influence on patients' health requiring complex series of sub-competencies like making a diagnosis, setting a therapeutic goal, choosing the approach, choosing the best drug, route and frequency of administration, duration of therapy, writing the prescription, patient information, monitoring drug effects and, lastly, review the prescription...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139567/effectiveness-of-an-oral-health-educational-intervention-for-individuals-with-special-health-care-needs-from-a-southern-brazilian-city
#4
Andreia Drawanz Hartwig, Vanessa Müller Stüermer, Ivam Freire da Silva-Júnior, Lisandrea Rocha Schardosim, Marina Sousa Azevedo
AIM: To assess the effects of an oral health education strategy targeted at students with disabilities. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study included students aged 7 to 24 years. The intervention was conducted for 5 weeks and divided into 2 phases: (1) comprising supervised toothbrushing and educational activities to students; (2) verbal oral health instructions and oral hygiene demonstration targeted at the caregivers. A clinical examination was conducted to evaluate the dental debris and gingival bleeding before the intervention, and the Wilcoxon test was performed after phase 1 and 2 for comparisons between paired samples...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131460/pilot-study-on-the-effectiveness-and-students-attitude-towards-undergraduate-training-provided-by-industry
#5
M Karl, M Franz, T Grobecker-Karl, M Scheib
INTRODUCTION: Rapid developments in CAD/CAM technology necessitate the adaptation of curriculum content. Limited resources hinder institutions in holding state of the art equipment available for student training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A workshop given by an industry partner was organised as part of the final pre-clinical course in prosthodontics for the academic years 2015 and 2016. The workshop on dental ceramics and CAD/CAM technology comprised of lectures and practical demonstrations...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122096/association-between-bmi-and-dental-caries-among-school-children-and-adolescents-in-jiangsu-province-china
#6
Wei Li, Taha Hussein Musa, Rong Gao, Xiao Shan Li, Wei Xiang Wang, Lei Hong, Ping Min Wei
Obesity and dental caries are increasing epidemics, especially among children and adolescents. This epidemiological observational cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the possible association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among 111,792 school children and adolescents in Jiangsu Province. We found that 13.14% participants of the study sample were overweight, and 7.37% were obese. The prevalence of dental caries was 12.95% in overweight and 7.89% in obese students. There were significant differences in caries prevalence by sex, region, age group, and BMI...
October 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120528/student-performance-in-a-flipped-classroom-dental-anatomy-course
#7
S Chutinan, C A Riedy, S E Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dental student learning in a dental anatomy module between traditional lecture and flipped classroom cohorts. METHODS: Two cohorts of predoctoral dental students (N = 70 within each cohort) participated in a dental anatomy module within an Introduction to the Dental Patient (IDP) course ([traditional/lecture cohort: academic year (AY) 2012, 2013] and [flipped classroom cohort: AY 2014, 2015]). For the dental anatomy module, both cohorts were evaluated on pre-clinical tooth waxing exercises immediately after each of five lectures and tooth identification after all lectures were given...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120252/interprofessional-ethics-education-seminar-for-undergraduate-health-science-students-a-pilot-study
#8
Kathleen Cino, Rita Austin, Cristina Casa, Christine Nebocat, Adele Spencer
To prepare for the modern collaborative healthcare system, health science academia is charged with educating future professionals to be competent members of the interprofessional team. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess self-efficacy for interprofessional education (IPE) in medical laboratory technology, dental hygiene, and nursing students before and after an IPE session. The specific topic of ethics was the focus of the session. The interprofessional seminar was designed to compare the codes of ethics from each programme through discussion and a case-based approach...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118279/measuring-the-impact-of-cultural-competence-training-for-dental-hygiene-students
#9
Heather N Daugherty, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the change in levels of knowledge of providing culturally competent care and self-assessed cultural competence of senior level dental hygiene students after the implementation of an online cultural competence training module.Methods: Twenty-eight members of the senior class of 31 dental hygiene students (N=28) volunteered to participate in this IRB approved study at the Ohio State University School of Dentistry. The students took the online Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence- Student Version (IAPCC-SV), to assess their self-perceived cultural competence...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118252/effects-of-yoga-on-musculoskeletal-pain
#10
Angela L Monson, Aubreé M Chismark, Brigette R Cooper, Trisha M Krenik-Matejcek
Purpose: Musculoskeletal pain has been associated with work stress and a shortened career in the dental hygiene profession. The purpose of this study was to determine if participating in two yoga sessions per week would reduce the musculoskeletal pain reported by dental hygiene students and or impact body composition.Methods: A convenience sample of 77 dental hygiene students self-selected into treatment (yoga) and control groups. Students in the yoga group participated in bi-weekly, 60-minute yoga sessions for 13 consecutive weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118150/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-symptom-screening-in-a-dental-setting
#11
Anisha Raibrown, Lori J Giblin, Linda D Boyd, Kristen Perry
Purpose: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a chronic health condition in which the symptoms often go unnoticed. Oral problems accompanying GERD may include non-specific burning sensation, mucosa ulceration and erosion, erythema of the soft/hard palate mucosa and uvula, loss of taste and either xerostomia or increased salivary flow with potential long-term complications such as difficulty swallowing, trouble breathing, esophagitis and potential development of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using a GERD screening in the dental clinic setting to identify and refer patients...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118149/perceptions-related-to-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-among-california-college-students
#12
Shiva Abadi, Elizabeth T Couch, Benjamin W Chaffee, Margaret M Walsh
Purpose: To assess electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, factors associated with use, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals in a sample of college students attending a public university in northern California, using a web-based survey.Methods: In this quantitative cross-sectional study, survey items assessed e-cigarette use, perceived risks and benefits, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals and were pilot tested for feasibility and acceptability...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118147/admissions-criteria-that-influence-dental-hygiene-students-performance-on-board-examinations
#13
Jennifer O Rudy, Jacqueline A Singleton, Linda Hart Lewis, Rachel N Quick
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to assess which dental hygiene program admission variables contribute to the selection of students who are successful in passing the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE) and a clinical dental hygiene board examination.Methods: A retrospective study was conducted by investigating 121 educational records and application forms from graduates through the years 2008 to 2011 from one educational institution. Predictor variables included re-application status, student GPA, age, race/ethnicity, type of school attended for pre-requisite coursework, number of times the pre-requisite courses needed to be retaken, course load while taking the pre-requisites, previous degrees obtained, American College Test (ACT) scores and student participation in the university's lower division (LD) or upper pre-placement (UPP) program...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118146/dental-hygiene-students-perceptions-of-importance-and-confidence-in-applying-motivational-interviewing-during-patient-care
#14
Angela Mills, Wendy E Kerschbaum, Philip S Richards, Gail A Czarnecki, Janet S Kinney, Anne E Gwozdek
Purpose: Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based, patient-centered counseling approach for eliciting behavior change. In 2012, the University of Michigan (U-M) Dental Hygiene Program significantly enhanced their behavior change curriculum by reinforcing and building upon the Motivational Interviewing segment. The purpose of this study was to examine students' perceptions of the importance of MI and their confidence in applying it during patient care.Methods: A convenience sample of 22 U-M Class of 2015 dental hygiene students who had received an enhanced curriculum participated in this study, utilizing a retrospective, pre-test/post-test design...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118068/the-impact-of-community-rotations-on-the-cultural-competence-of-dental-hygiene-students-in-the-state-of-texas
#15
Rita A Classe-Cutrone, Ann L McCann, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald, Emet D Schneiderman
Purpose: Culturally competent health care providers understand cultural attitudes, values, beliefs and practices and are able to use this knowledge to guide patient care. Rising oral health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities require that dental educators emphasize the attainment of cultural competence in order to prepare students to effectively care for patients with backgrounds different from their own. This study investigated the role of community rotations on the cultural competence of second-year Texas dental hygiene students...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112027/dentists-survey-on-adverse-events-during-their-clinical-training
#16
Alfredo Alan Osegueda-Espinosa, Leonor Sánchez-Pérez, Bernardo Perea-Pérez, Elena Labajo-González, A Enrique Acosta-Gio
BACKGROUND: Adverse events (AEs) begin challenging the safe practice of dentistry early when students start treating patients at dental school. We assessed the frequency with which dentists caused common AEs during their undergraduate clinical training. METHODS: A convenience sample of dentists, graduated from more than 34 dental schools in Mexico and other Spanish speaking countries, answered a confidential, self-administered questionnaire with closed-format questions on common AEs they caused and their active errors that could have led to AEs in the teaching clinics...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111835/improving-outcomes-in-adults-with-diabetes-through-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-program
#17
Jean Nagelkerk, Margaret E Thompson, Michael Bouthillier, Amy Tompkins, Lawrence J Baer, Jeff Trytko, Andrew Booth, Adam Stevens, Kayleah Groeneveld
In 2014, the Midwest Interprofessional Practice, Education and Research Center partnered with a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) to implement an interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) education program to improve the health of adult patients with diabetes and to improve practice efficiency. This partnership included integrating an interprofessional team of students with the practice team. Twenty-five students and 20 staff engaged in the IPCP program, which included completion of educational modules on IPCP and implementation of daily huddles, focus patient visits, phone calls, team-based case presentations, medication reconciliation, and student-led group diabetes education classes...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104690/frequency-of-symptoms-of-temporomandibular-disorders-among-prishtina-dental-students
#18
Teuta Bicaj, Kujtim Shala, Teuta Pustina Krasniqi, Enis Ahmedi, Linda Dula, Zana Lila-Krasniqi
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is important for prevention of greater damages of the parts of the oro-facial system. There are early symptoms that can be used as predictors of TMD. AIM: The study aimed to assess the frequency of the symptoms of TMD among dental students. METHODS: Total number of 166 respondents, all undergraduate dental students, (84 female, 82 male), mean age 22, participated in this study...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093150/should-student-evaluation-of-teaching-play-a-significant-role-in-the-formal-assessment-of-dental-faculty-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-formal-faculty-assessment-should-include-student-evaluation-of-teaching-and-viewpoint-2-student-evaluation-of-teaching-should
#19
Susan Rowan, Elmer J Newness, Sotirios Tetradis, Joanne L Prasad, Ching-Chang Ko, Arlene Sanchez
Student evaluation of teaching (SET) is often used in the assessment of faculty members' job performance and promotion and tenure decisions, but debate over this use of student evaluations has centered on the validity, reliability, and application of the data in assessing teaching performance. Additionally, the fear of student criticism has the potential of influencing course content delivery and testing measures. This Point/Counterpoint article reviews the potential utility of and controversy surrounding the use of SETs in the formal assessment of dental school faculty...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093146/educating-dental-students-about-eating-disorders-perceptions-and-practice-of-interprofessional-care
#20
Katherine M Frimenko, Carol Anne Murdoch-Kinch, Marita R Inglehart
Providing care for patients with eating disorders (EDs) requires an interprofessional care (IPC) approach. The aims of this study were to assess dental students' ED- and IPC-related educational experiences, perceptions of preparedness for ED-related communication with patients and providers, and attitudes related to an IPC approach to ED. Relationships among perceptions of education, preparedness, attitudes, and characteristics (e.g., year in program and family members in other health care fields) were also explored...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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