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Dental students assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346708/role-of-comprehension-on-performance-at-higher-levels-of-bloom-s-taxonomy-findings-from-assessments-of-healthcare-professional-students
#1
Anne-Marie A Verenna, Kim A Noble, Helen E Pearson, Susan M Miller
The first four levels of Bloom's taxonomy were used to create quiz questions designed to assess student learning of the gross anatomy, histology, and physiology of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Information on GI histology and physiology was presented to separate samples of medical, dental, and podiatry students in computer based tutorials where the information from the two disciplines was presented either separately or in an integrated fashion. All students were taught GI gross anatomy prior to this study by course faculty as part of the required curriculum of their respective program...
January 18, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344450/hybrid-tool-for-assessment-of-professionalism-among-dental-undergraduate-students
#2
Eswara Uma, Abdul Hj Ismail Rashid, Adinegara Lutfi Abas, Sowmya Nettem, Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Noorliza Mastura
Context: Of the several methods available for assessment of professionalism, there is still no consensus on an ideal tool for dental undergraduate (UG) students. Aims: The study aims to use a hybrid tool for assessment of professionalism among dental undergraduate students. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional design with purposive sampling. Subjects and Methods: All final year UG dental students participated in this study...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344397/a-cross-sectional-study-of-stress-and-its-sources-among-health-professional-students-at-makerere-university-uganda
#3
Sharon Bright Amanya, Joyce Nakitende, Tom Denis Ngabirano
Aim: To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University. Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection. Methods: The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342147/missed-opportunities-do-states-require-screening-of-children-for-health-conditions-that-interfere-with-learning
#4
Delaney Gracy, Anupa Fabian, Corey Hannah Basch, Maria Scigliano, Sarah A MacLean, Rachel K MacKenzie, Irwin E Redlener
METHODS: Investigators reviewed websites of state departments of health and education, and legislation for all 50 states and DC. For states with mandated screenings and a required form, investigators applied structured analysis to assess HBL inclusion. RESULTS: No state mandated that schools require screening for all 7 HBLs. Less than half (49%) required comprehensive school health examinations and only 12 states plus DC required a specific form. Of these, 12 of the forms required documentation of vision screening, 11 of hearing screening, and 12 of dental screening...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334421/a-survey-of-tooth-morphology-teaching-methods-employed-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#5
M Lone, J P McKenna, J F Cryan, E J Downer, A Toulouse
BACKGROUND: Tooth morphology is a central component of the dental curriculum and is applicable to all dental specialities. Traditional teaching methods are being supplemented with innovative strategies to tailor teaching and accommodate the learning styles of the recent generation of students. METHODS: An online survey was compiled and distributed to the staff involved in teaching tooth morphology in the United Kingdom and Ireland to assess the importance of tooth morphology in the dentistry curriculum and the methodologies employed in teaching...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330985/medical-students-perceptions-of-their-learning-environment-at-lahore-medical-and-dental-college-lahore
#6
Uzma Zafar, Seema Daud, Qamar Shakoor, Abdul Majeed Chaudhry, Fahad Naser, Mehreen Mushtaq
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to assess medical students' perceptions of their learning environment at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. METHODS: It was a crosssectional descriptive study conducted at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Five hundred and thirty-three students participated in this study. A questionnaire was used as a study tool, comprising of demographic information and the 'Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure' (DREEM) inventory...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328868/oral-sciences-phd-program-enrollment-graduates-and-placement-1994-to-2016
#7
C R Herzog, D W Berzins, P DenBesten, R L Gregory, K M Hargreaves, R L W Messer, M Mina, M P Mooney, M L Paine, C Phillips, R B Presland, R G Quivey, F A Scannapieco, J F Sheridan, K K H Svoboda, P C Trackman, M P Walker, S G Walker, C Y Wang, J C C Hu
For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school-affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321029/association-of-caries-experience-and-dental-plaque-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-elementary-school-aged-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Saeed Bashirian, Samaneh Shirahmadi, Shabnam Seyedzadeh-Sabounchi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Farshid Vahdatinia
BACKGROUND: Dental caries among Iranian elementary school children aged 6-12 years continue to rise. To estimate treatment needs and guide health initiatives, current epidemiologic data are required. Such data are currently unavailable for dental health. The purpose of this study was to assess caries experience, dental plaque, and associated factors in elementary school-aged children from Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 988 elementary school children aged 7-12 years were selected by multistage cluster sampling...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316064/a-questionnaire-based-study-evaluating-differences-between-dental-students-in-paris-f-and-malm%C3%A3-se-regarding-diagnosis-and-treatment-decisions-of-patients-with-different-severity-levels-of-periodontal-diseases
#9
A Milosavljevic, A Stavropoulos, V Descroix, B Götrick
AIM: To evaluate differences between last-year dental students in Paris (F) and Malmö (SE) Dental Schools, in regard to their judgement and decision-making within periodontology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six last-year dental students from Paris and 45 from Malmö participated in a questionnaire study based on four patient cases: (i) Patient case with generalised alveolar bone loss but no signs of inflammation (Well-maintained), (ii) Patient case with generalised alveolar bone loss and signs of inflammation (Periodontitis), (iii) Patient case with no alveolar bone loss and no signs of inflammation (Healthy) and (iv) Patient case with no alveolar bone loss but with signs of inflammation (Gingivitis)...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314164/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-an-ageism-scale-for-dental-students
#10
Ryan Rucker, Patrick B Barlow, Jennifer Hartshorn, Laura Kaufman, Becky Smith, Anastassia Kossioni, Leonardo Marchini
PURPOSE/AIM: This work presents the preliminary validation of a novel scale assessing ageism attitudes among dental students. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A 27-question scale was created based on existing ageism scales. The new ageism scale was applied to 144 dental students. Content validity was achieved by experts' consensus. Questions whose deletion increased the overall α, loading < 0.40, loading on more than one factors, or those unexpectedly grouped in another factor were thoroughly examined...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299730/the-functional-implant-prosthodontic-score-fips-assessment-of-reproducibility-and-observer-variability
#11
Tim Joda, Fernando Zarone, Nicola U Zitzmann, Marco Ferrari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate the reproducibility and observer variability of the Functional Implant Prosthodontic Score (FIPS), while considering the level of dental experience for intra- and inter-examiner analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 examiners (n = 31 undergraduate dental students and n = 13 postgraduate prosthodontic students) applied FIPS to ten sample cases each showing one implant-supported single crown for premolar or molar replacements...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288542/evaluation-of-an-animation-tool-developed-to-supplement-dental-student-study-of-the-cranial-nerves
#12
M Lone, J P McKenna, J F Cryan, T Vagg, A Toulouse, E J Downer
INTRODUCTION: The structure/function of the cranial nerves is a core topic for dental students. However, due to the perceived complexity of the subject, it is often difficult for students to develop a comprehensive understanding of key concepts using textbooks and models. It is accepted that the acquisition of anatomical knowledge can be facilitated by visualisation of structures. This study aimed to develop and assess a novel cranial nerve animation as a supplemental learning aid for dental students...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288402/long-term-effect-of-intensive-prevention-on-dental-health-of-primary-school-children-by-socioeconomic-status
#13
Julia Winter, Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Annett Ladda, Klaus Pieper
OBJECTIVES: Children in a German region took part in regular toothbrushing with fluoride gel during their time in primary school after having received a preventive program in kindergarten. The study aimed at determining the dental health of the students as a function of prevention in kindergarten and at school while taking into account their socioeconomic status and other confounders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were in six groups: groups 1 and 2, intensive prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school; groups 3 and 4, basic prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school; groups 5 and 6, no organized prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285474/an-assessment-of-teaching-and-learning-practices-a-questionnaire-study-for-dental-educators-of-karnataka
#14
S Meenakshi, N Raghunath, H S Shreeshyla
Aims and Objectives: Faculty members of dental institutions are being asked to assume new academic duties for which they have received no formal training. To succeed in new teaching tasks, faculty development through assessment of teaching skills is essential. Materials and Methods: A Self-Assessment Questionnaire consisting 18 closed-ended questions was sent to various faculty members of dental colleges of Karnataka. A total of 210 faculty members volunteered to participate in the study...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285468/self-reported-knowledge-attitude-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-among-undergraduate-oral-health-students-at-a-university-in-south-africa
#15
Thomas K Madiba, Ahmed Bhayat, Ntombizodwa R Nkambule
Aims and Objectives: This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and its association with body mass index (BMI) among undergraduate oral health students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design was used and the study was conducted at a South African dental university. Undergraduate dental and oral hygiene students (n = 344) registered in 2015 were invited to participate. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit the necessary information...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285034/performance-of-preschoolers-mothers-and-senior-dental-students-after-receiving-training-on-fluoride-varnish-administration
#16
Simin Zahra Mohebbi, Samaneh Razeghi, Zahra Chinipardaz, Hamideh Soleimannejad, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: Fluoride varnish application is an effective way to prevent caries in children. We aimed to educate preschool children's mothers on how to apply fluoride varnish and compare their performance with dental students and to assess their self-reported competency six months later. Materials and Methods: Eighty-eight 4-6-year-old children presenting to toy houses of six randomly selected health centers in a non-affluent district of Tehran in 2014 were divided into two groups to receive fluoride varnish by their mothers and students...
July 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284949/smoking-cessation-advice-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-clinical-dental-students
#17
Allama Prabhu, Jayesh Kumar Jain, B Sakeenabhi, P G Naveen Kumar, Mohamed Imranulla, Mallikarjuna Ragher
Background: Smoking is the single most important public health challenge facing the National Health Service. The detrimental effects on the general health of tobacco smoking are well documented. Smoking is a primary risk factor for oral cancer and many oral diseases. Dental professional scan plays an important role in preventing adverse health effects by promoting smoking cessation. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among clinical dental students in giving smoking cessation advice and to explore the barriers to this activity...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284471/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-associated-factors-among-12%C3%A2-years-old-students-in-eritrea
#18
Amanuel Kidane Andegiorgish, Bizen Weldmicheal Weldemariam, Meron Mehari Kifle, Filmon Gebreysus Mebrahtu, Henos Keflom Zewde, Micheal Gebregziabhir Tewelde, Mohammed Anwar Hussen, Winta Kesete Tsegay
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent diseases of childhood in developing countries. However, there is a paucity of epidemiological data on the prevalence and associated factors of dental caries in Eritrea. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of dental caries among 12 years old school children in Eritrea. METHODS: A school based cross sectional study was conducted among 225 twelve years old students in two selected schools...
December 29, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279822/repeat-analysis-of-intraoral-digital-imaging-performed-by-undergraduate-students-using-a-complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor-sensor-an-institutional-case-study
#19
Mohd Yusmiaidil Putera Mohd Yusof, Nur Liyana Abdul Rahman, Amiza Aqiela Ahmad Asri, Noor Ilyani Othman, Ilham Wan Mokhtar
Purpose: This study was performed to quantify the repeat rate of imaging acquisitions based on different clinical examinations, and to assess the prevalence of error types in intraoral bitewing and periapical imaging using a digital complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) intraoral sensor. Materials and Methods: A total of 8,030 intraoral images were retrospectively collected from 3 groups of undergraduate clinical dental students. The type of examination, stage of the procedure, and reasons for repetition were analysed and recorded...
December 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279681/awareness-of-basic-life-support-among-saudi-dental-students-and-interns
#20
Hashem Motahir Al-Shamiri, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Nader Ahmed Alaizari, Abdulrahman Hunaish
Objective: Fatal medical emergencies may occur at any time in the dental clinic. The present study assessed the level of awareness and attitudes toward basic life support (BLS) among Saudi dental students and interns. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire comprising 23 closed-ended questions was used in this survey. The first part of the questionnaire assessed the demographical profile of the students such as age, gender, and educational level...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
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