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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#1
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209007/cognitive-ability-as-a-determinant-of-socioeconomic-and-oral-health-status-among-adolescent-college-students-of-bengaluru-india
#2
Rekha Rao Karnam, Naganandini Samapth Kumar, Shruthi Eshwar, Shravani Deolia
INTRODUCTION: Levels of oral health and economic status are unequally distributed throughout the population. Inequality has multiple causes and that the effect of Socio Economic Status (SES) and demographic factors, on oral health is mediated through several factors. Association between cognitive ability and oral health had been demonstrated in older age groups but adolescents and younger adults have received relatively little attention in this field. AIM: To establish the role of cognitive ability as a determinant of SES and oral health status among adolescent college students of Benagluru, Karnataka, India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208881/media-matter-the-effect-of-medium-of-presentation-on-student-s-recognition-of-histopathology
#3
Ajay Telang, Nynke De Jong, Jan Van Dalen
INTRODUCTION: Pathology teaching has undergone transformation with the introduction of virtual microscopy as a teaching and learning tool. AIM: To assess if dental students can identify histopathology irrespective of the media of presentation and if the media affect student's oral pathology case based learning scores. The perception of students towards "hybrid" approach in teaching and learning histopathology in oral pathology was also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A controlled experiment was conduc-ted on year 4 and year 5 dental student groups using a perfor-mance test and a questionnaire survey...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#4
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203310/analysis-of-dental-maturation-in-relation-to-sagittal-jaw-relationships
#5
Magdalena Durka-Zając, Marcin Derwich, Maria Mituś-Kenig, Magdalena Łoboda, Elżbieta Pawłowska
BACKGROUND: The degree of mineralization of permanent tooth germs in dental age assessment has been an area of interest among many authors for years. However, only recently have researchers attempted to determine the potential interdependencies between dental age and jaw relationships. The aim of this work was to compare dental maturation in patients with skeletal Class II to patients with skeletal Classes I and III. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study involved 150 patients who sought orthodontic treatment...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184079/academic-performance-of-undergraduate-dental-students-with-learning-disabilities
#6
K Ali, D Zahra, C Coelho, G Jones, C Tredwin
Aims To compare the academic performance of undergraduate dental students with known learning disabilities (LDs) to their peers.Methods This study analysed the results of students in applied dental knowledge (ADK) progress tests across four cohorts of dental students. A mixed model analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to compare the performance of students with known disability to their peers. ADK test sitting was treated as a repeated measures variable, and the outcome variable of interest was percentage score on the ADK...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184065/critical-appraisal-skills-teaching-in-uk-dental-schools
#7
B Hong, E Plugge
Key publications on training in dentistry, including the latest version of the General Dental Council learning outcomes for dentists, recognise the importance of teaching evidence-based practice for dental students. However, dental curriculum designers have considerable flexibility on the scope and approach for teaching evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and there is no readily available information showing how EBD is taught across the dental schools in the United Kingdom (UK). Critical appraisal is one of the key steps of evidence-based decision making and so we investigated through an electronic survey whether and how critical appraisal skills (CAS) are taught and assessed across the UK dental schools...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182073/attitude-toward-public-health-dentistry-as-a-career-among-dental-students-in-odisha-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Nupur Sharma, Kittu Jain, Soumik Kabasi
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of dental students' expectations of their profession as well as their attitudes to study a particular specialty of dentistry is of great importance. These attitudes and expectations make studying dentistry meaningful to dental students and society and understanding these factors facilitate workforce planning in the dental sector The aim of the study was to assess the attitude of dental students towards considering Public Health Dentistry as their future career. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted, which included the 3(rd) year, 4(th) fourth year and dental interns studying in the State of Odisha...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169253/dental-students-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-cone-beam-computed-tomography-an-indian-scenario
#9
Palak H Shah, Rashmi Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an upcoming imaging modality in field of dentistry with promising outcomes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the dental student's knowledge and attitude regarding CBCT in K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital as they are future practitioners. METHODOLOGY: An anonymous questionnaire consisting of 11 questions was distributed among 320 dental students which included final BDS students, interns, and postgraduate students...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153163/perceptions-of-orthodontic-case-complexity-among-orthodontists-general-practitioners-orthodontic-residents-and-dental-students
#10
Elizabeth M Heath, Jeryl D English, Cleverick D Johnson, Elizabeth B Swearingen, Sercan Akyalcin
INTRODUCTION: Our aims were to assess the perceptions of orthodontic case complexity among orthodontists, general dentists, orthodontic residents, and dental students and to compare their perceptions with the American Board of Orthodontics Discrepancy Index (DI). METHODS: Orthodontists, general dentists, orthodontic residents, and dental students (n = 343) participated in a Web-based survey. Pretreatment orthodontic records of 29 cases with varying DI scores were obtained...
February 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149068/knowledge-awareness-and-practices-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-oral-health-care-management-among-dental-students
#11
Ujwala Rohan Newadkar, Lalit Chaudhari, Yogita K Khalekar
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the awareness and practices of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for oral health-care management among dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 200 dental students of final year and internship selected by simple random sampling using a close-ended questionnaire. RESULTS: Among the total respondents, 52% were females and 48% were males. Nearly, 14% of the students were not aware of the different categories of the CAM and 12% of them were not aware of its implication in oral health-care management...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148605/dental-hygiene-dental-and-medical-students-omfs-hospital-dentistry-related-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-behavior-an-exploration
#12
Stephanie M Munz, Roderick Y Kim, Tyler J Holley, John N Donkersloot, Marita R Inglehart
Engaging other health care providers in oral health-related activities and interprofessional care (IPC) could increase access to oral health care for underserved populations in the U.S. The aims of this study were to assess dental hygiene, dental, and medical students' intra- and interprofessional and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)/hospital dentistry-related knowledge/skills, attitudes, and behavior; determine whether first and second year vs. third and fourth year cohorts' responses differed; and explore how intra- and interprofessional knowledge was related to interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional attitudes and behavior...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148604/the-impact-of-oral-systemic-health-on-advancing-interprofessional-education-outcomes
#13
Judith Haber, Erin Hartnett, Kenneth Allen, Ruth Crowe, Jennifer Adams, Abigail Bella, Thomas Riles, Anna Vasilyeva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an interprofessional education (IPE) clinical simulation and case study experience, using oral-systemic health as the clinical population health example, for nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students' self-reported attainment of interprofessional competencies. A pretest-posttest evaluation method was employed, using data from the Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Scale (ICCAS) completed by two large cohorts of nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students at one U...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148603/international-volunteer-programs-for-dental-students-results-of-2009-and-2016-surveys-of-u-s-dental-schools
#14
Karl F Woodmansey, Briana Rowland, Steve Horne, Francis G Serio
The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and nature of international volunteer programs for predoctoral students at U.S. dental schools and to document the change over five years. Web-based surveys were conducted in 2009 and 2016. An invitation to participate in the study, along with a hyperlink to the survey, was emailed to the deans of all U.S. dental schools in the two years. In 2009, 47 of 58 dental school deans responded to the survey, for a response rate of 81%. In 2016, 48 of 64 dental school deans responded, for a response rate of 75%...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127849/the-effect-of-color-training-of-dental-students-on-dental-shades-matching-quality
#15
Afnan F Alfouzan, Hussam M Alqahtani, Esam A Tashkandi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of color training on the dental shade matching quality of dental students of both gender and to study the need to include lectures and exercises about shade selection in the undergraduate dental curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty junior dental students from the College of Dentistry at King Saud University participated in the present study and were distributed randomly into four testing groups. They were asked to match the color of four target shade tabs from the VITA Linearguide 3D-MASTER...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125803/speech-characteristics-in-female-students-training-to-be-speech-language-pathologists
#16
Evelien D'haeseleer, Sophia De Ley, Marjan Cosyns, Els Desomer, Jasmien De Mesel, George Van Maele, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the speech characteristics regarding speech intelligibility, voice, articulation, and fluency in future speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Additionally, in 31 SLP students the differences in speech characteristics between the first bachelor and the master year were measured. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The data of the screening assessments of 600 future SLPs (mean age: 18.4 years) of the first bachelor year were analyzed (period 1995-2010)...
January 27, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123280/demirjian-approach-of-dental-age-estimation-abridged-for-operator-ease
#17
Vanshika Jain, Priyanka Kapoor, Ragini Miglani
BACKGROUND: Present times have seen an alarming increase in incidence of crimes by juveniles and of mass destruction that Highlight the preponderance of individual age estimation. Of the numerous techniques employed for age assessment, dental age estimation (DAE) and its correlation with chronological age (CA) have been of great significance in the recent past. Demirjian system, considered as gold standard in DAE is a simple and convenient method for DAE, though,, although, referring to multiple tables make it cumbersome and less eco friendly due to excessive paper load...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117541/the-effect-of-repeated-testing-vs-repeated-practice-on-skills-learning-in-undergraduate-dental-education
#18
S Sennhenn-Kirchner, Y Goerlich, B Kirchner, M Notbohm, S Schiekirka, A Simmenroth, T Raupach
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in undergraduate medical education have demonstrated the advantage of repeated testing over repeated practice with regard to knowledge and skills retention. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this "testing effect" also applies to skills retention in undergraduate dental education. METHODS: In this prospective, randomised controlled trial, fourth-year dental students at Göttingen University Medical Centre participated in a training session on surgical suturing in winter term 2014/2015...
January 24, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109162/odontoblastic-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells-from-healthy-and-carious-teeth-on-an-original-pcl-based-3d-scaffold
#19
A Louvrier, E Euvrard, L Nicod, G Rolin, F Gindraux, L Pazart, C Houdayer, P Y Risold, F Meyer, C Meyer
AIMS: To isolate and characterize Dental Pulp Stem Cells (DPSCs) obtained from carious and healthy mature teeth extracted when conservative treatment was not possible or for orthodontic reasons; to evaluate the ability of DPSCs to colonize, proliferate, and differentiate into functional odontoblast-like cells when cultured onto a polycaprolactone cone made by jet-spraying and prototyped into a design similar to a gutta-percha cone. METHODOLOGY: DPSCs were obtained from 9 carious and 12 healthy mature teeth...
January 21, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107133/patient-feedback-on-orthodontic-therapist-student-outreach-training
#20
Robert S Ireland, Elizabeth M Hopkins
The introduction of orthodontic therapists as a new group of dental care professionals (DCPs) requires that their training in specialist orthodontic practices has provision for monitoring the level of supervision and clinical care provided by the students. The University of Warwick Diploma in Orthodontic Therapy programme has developed a patient questionnaire with the aim of assessing the patient's perception of the student. The observational questionnaire was designed to cover the four General Dental Council (GDC) domains and learning outcomes for orthodontic therapists, such that patient response could potentially provide valuable feedback to support the training programme...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
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