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Dental students assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937896/evaluation-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-to-assess-dental-treatment-in-preschool-children-with-early-childhood-caries-a-preliminary-study
#1
Ana Lúcia Vollú, Maria da Encarnação Perez Requejo da Costa, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
PURPOSE: The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was used to assess the outcome of dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Children (3.56±1.31years) affected by ECC were selected. Anamnesis, clinical and radiographic exams were performed. Data about sociodemographic aspects, OHRQoL and dmf-t index were collected. The Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was applied in two time intervals: before and after 30 days of treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928780/assessment-of-oral-health-parameters-among-students-attending-special-schools-of-mangalore-city
#2
Tom Peter, Deepthi Anna Cherian, Tim Peter
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs and correlation between dental caries susceptibility and salivary pH, buffering capacity and total antioxidant capacity among students attending special schools of Mangalore city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 361 subjects in the age range of 12-18 years were divided into normal (n = 84), physically challenged (n = 68), and mentally challenged (n = 209) groups. Their oral health status and treatment needs were recorded using the modified WHO oral health assessment proforma...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921547/a-clinical-randomized-study-on-the-influence-of-dental-whitening-on-streptococcus-mutans-population
#3
André Luiz Fraga Briso, Úrsula Aparecida Escalero Silva, Morganna Borges de Almeida Souza, Vanessa Rahal, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Júnior, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
Dental whitening with peroxides has been popularized through the at-home technique, which employs low concentrations of peroxide applied on individual trays. However, there are few clinical trials reporting the effects of its continuous use on oral microbiota. Thus, the purpose of the present clinical, randomized study was to evaluate the influence of at-home whitening treatment on Streptococcus mutans in saliva, buccal mucosa, and subgingival and supragingival plaque. Thirty volunteers were randomly divided into 2 study groups (n=15) according to the whitening therapy: G CP- whitening using 10% carbamide peroxide 4 hours daily for 21 days and G HP- whitening using 6% hydrogen peroxide 1...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#4
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910246/waiting-room-time-an-opportunity-for-parental-oral-health-education
#5
Randa Soussou, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Rosamund Harrison
OBJECTIVES: The UBC Children's Dental Program (CDP) has provided free dental treatments to underserved low-income children, but its preventive component needs to be enhanced. The study aims were: 1) to develop a "waiting-room based" dental education program engaging caregivers of these children, and 2) to assess the program's feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness. METHODS: In preparation, a situational analysis (SA) included structured interviews with caregivers, and with various stakeholders (e...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900320/a-cross-sectional-survey-assessing-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-oral-cancer-among-private-medical-and-dental-practitioners-in-bhubaneswar-city
#6
Avinash Jnaneswar, Bala Subramanya Goutham, Jayashree Pathi, Kunal Jha, Vinay Suresan, Gunjan Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is a public health problem giving rise to a great number of disabilities and deaths, but the possibility of survival is astonishingly higher when detected early. Health professionals therefore have an important role and responsibility in the prevention and early detection of oral cancer. They should be in a position to identify all suspicious lesions and to search for specialist opinion as promptly as possible when unsure, while also referring to the most appropriate discipline...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894542/perceptions-of-an-integrated-curriculum-among-dental-students-in-a-public-university-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Khulood Sami Hussein
BACKGROUND: Being aware of the limits of traditional discipline-based education, the Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) tasked basic medical science faculty members with developing a new integrated curriculum for undergraduate dental students to be applied in the 2014/2015 academic year. OBJECTIVE: To determine the students' perceptions of the restructured curriculum and elicit student suggestions for improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all first-year dental undergraduate students (n=192) enrolled in the academic year of 2014/2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#8
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876475/a-school-based-dental-program-evaluation-comparison-to-the-massachusetts-statewide-survey
#9
Corinna S Culler, Milton Kotelchuck, Eugene Declercq, Karen Kuhlthau, Kari Jones, Karen M Yoder
BACKGROUND: School-based dental programs target high-risk communities and reduce barriers to obtaining dental services by delivering care to students in their schools. We describe the evaluation of a school-based dental program operating in Chelsea, a city north of Boston, with a low-income and largely minority population, by comparing participants' oral health to a Massachusetts oral health assessment. METHODS: Standardized dental screenings were conducted for students in kindergarten, third, and sixth grades...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864789/improving-dental-students-long-term-retention-of-pharmacy-knowledge-with-medication-minutes
#10
Adam M Persky, Michael A Wells, Kimberly A Sanders, Jim Fiordalisi, Christine Downey, Heidi N Anksorus
A major challenge in foundational science courses in dental curricula is the application of information from the classroom to a clinical setting. To bridge this gap, the aim of this study was to increase students' learning in a foundational pharmacology course through increasing clinical relevance and using formative assessment. Second-year dental students in an introductory pharmacology course were presented material in a traditional basic science lecture format and in brief examples of pharmacy-generated clinical content (Medication Minutes)...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864787/screening-for-diabetes-in-a-dental-school-clinic-to-assess-interprofessional-communication-between-physicians-and-dental-students
#11
Rick Ken Biethman, Cyril Pandarakalam, M Nathalia Garcia, Sara Whitener, Charles F Hildebolt
If a dental student diagnoses a patient in a dental school clinic as being at high risk of prediabetes or diabetes, the patient should be referred to his or her physician for further diagnostic evaluation, and the physician should send back the evaluation results so that the dental team can optimize treatment and health care choices if the diagnosis is confirmed. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate physicians' responses to written and oral requests for information regarding follow-up diabetes testing...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864786/enhancing-dental-students-understanding-of-poverty-through-simulation
#12
Lewis N Lampiris, Alex White, Lattice D Sams, Tiffany White, Jane A Weintraub
Dental students should develop an understanding of the barriers to and frustrations with accessing dental care and maintaining optimal oral health experienced by persons with limited resources rather than blaming the patient or caregiver. Developing this understanding may be aided by helping students learn about the lives of underserved and vulnerable patients they will encounter not only in extramural rotations, but throughout their careers. The aim of this study was to determine if dental students' understanding of daily challenges faced by families with low income changed as a result of a poverty simulation...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862763/technical-quality-of-root-canal-treatment-performed-by-undergraduate-students-using-hand-instrumentation-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
D M Ribeiro, J C Réus, W T Felippe, C Pachêco-Pereira, K L Dutra, J N Santos, A L Porporatti, G De Luca Canto
The technical quality of root canal treatment (RCT) may impact on the outcome. The quality of education received during undergraduate school may be linked to the quality of treatment provided in general dental practice. In this context, the aim of this systematic-review is to answer the following focused questions: 1) What is the frequency of acceptable technical quality of root fillings, assessed radiographically, performed by undergraduate students? 2) What are the most common errors assessed radiographically and reported in these treatments? For this purpose, articles that evaluated the quality of root fillings performed by undergraduate students were selected...
September 1, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852639/a-comparative-evaluation-of-mixed-dentition-analysis-on-reliability-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-image-compared-to-plaster-model
#14
Snigdha Gowd, T Shankar, Samarendra Dash, Nivedita Sahoo, Suravi Chatterjee, Pritam Mohanty
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reliability of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) obtained image over plaster model for the assessment of mixed dentition analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty CBCT-derived images and thirty plaster models were derived from the dental archives, and Moyer's and Tanaka-Johnston analyses were performed. The data obtained were interpreted and analyzed statistically using SPSS 10.0/PC (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA)...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852630/awareness-attitude-and-knowledge-of-basic-life-support-among-medical-dental-and-nursing-faculties-and-students-in-the-university-hospital
#15
N C Sangamesh, K C Vidya, Jugajyoti Pathi, Arpita Singh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness, attitude, and knowledge about basic life support (BLS) among medical, dental, and nursing students and faculties and the proposal of BLS skills in the academic curriculum of undergraduate (UG) course. Recognition, prevention, and effective management of life-threatening emergencies are the responsibility of health-care professionals. These situations can be successfully managed by proper knowledge and training of the BLS skills. These life-saving maneuvers can be given through the structured resuscitation programs, which are lacking in the academic curriculum...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840636/an-evaluation-of-a-school-based-dental-sealant-programme
#16
R Williams, E J Rogo, J R Gurenlian, K M Portillo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Bengal Smiles, a school-based dental sealant programme and assess outcomes related to the U.S. Healthy People 2020 oral health objectives. METHODS: A needs assessment identified high caries prevalence in Idaho children and supported the need for a school-based dental sealant programme at a local Title 1 school. Children (n=54) ages 6-12 were screened by dental hygiene students for suspected dental caries, sealant placement and need for referral for dental treatment...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833993/high-fidelity-simulation-in-training-dental-students-for-medical-life-threatening-emergency
#17
E Roy, V E Quinsat, O Bazin, P Lesclous, C Lejus-Bourdeau
INTRODUCTION: Any dental surgeon may be faced with a critical life-threatening emergency situation. In our university, all students in dentistry receive a standard course on emergency first aid. The aim of this prospective, comparative, single-centre study was to determine whether additional training on a high-fidelity patient simulator would improve student performance. METHODS: After approval by an Ethical Committee and written informed consent, the students of the Simulation group (n=42) had full-scale high-fidelity training on a patient simulator SimMan 3G(™) (3 hours by six students)...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815479/validation-of-the-internet-addiction-test-in-students-at-a-pakistani-medical-and-dental-school
#18
Ahmed Waqas, Faisal Farooq, Mohsin Raza, Saamia Tahir Javed, Spogmai Khan, Mahrukh Elahi Ghumman, Sadiq Naveed, Mark Haddad
Despite growing concerns over pathological internet usage, studies based on validated psychometric instruments are still lacking in Pakistan. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) in a sample of Pakistani students. A total of 522 students of medicine and dentistry completed the questionnaire, which consisted of four sections: (a) demographics, (b) number of hours spent on the Internet per day, (c) English version of the IAT, and (d) the Defense Style Questionnaire-40...
August 17, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811790/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-its-association-with-adiposity-indices-in-young-adults
#19
Mozaffer Rahim Hingorjo, Sitwat Zehra, Zainab Hasan, Masood Anwar Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity in young adults. METHODS: Data was collected from 133 students of a medical college of Pakistan. The study was conducted on young adults, aged 17-24 years, recruited from Jinnah Medical & Dental College, Karachi, between Aug-Dec, 2015. Queen's College Step Test was conducted to measure CRF and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) evaluated. Anthropometric measurements (body mass index, body fat, visceral fat, waist circumference) were taken to assess adiposity...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806431/association-between-personality-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Javier Montero, Cristina Gómez-Polo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among subjects with typical, atypically positive, and atypically negative personality trait scores within the five basic dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 235 subjects not seeking dental treatment were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
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