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Dental students assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337012/preparedness-of-undergraduate-dental-students-in-the-united-kingdom-a-national-study
#1
K Ali, A Slade, E Kay, D Zahra, C Tredwin
Aims To evaluate the self-perceived preparedness of final year dental undergraduate students in the United Kingdom.Methods Dental undergraduate students in their final year were invited by email through the Dental Schools Council (DSC) to provide their responses to an online preparedness assessment scale. The data analysis was carried out using the RUMM2030 software which is specifically designed for Rasch analysis, a measurement model based on item response theory.Results Students felt adequately prepared to carry out simple clinical procedures and communication skills...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336319/influence-of-gender-of-the-teaching-staff-on-students-acceptance-of-a-virtual-implant-planning-course
#2
Emeka Nkenke, Elefterios Vairaktaris, Hans-Günter Schaller, Christos Perisanidis, Stephan Eitner
Acceptance of new technology is influenced by a number of situational and social factors. So far, only limited data are available on the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of virtual dental implant planning by students. This study aimed at assessing the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of a virtual implant planning course by male and female undergraduate dental students and their general attitude toward implantology. Two groups of third-year dental students (group 1, 9 males, 22 females; group 2, 12 males, 20 females) attended a virtual dental implant planning course...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#3
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323814/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-maxillary-sinus-septa-for-implant-placement
#4
Eliza Dragan, Guillaume A Odri, Gabriel Melian, Danisia Haba, Raphael Olszewski
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to investigate, in 3 dimensions, the maxillary sinus septa as an alternative site for dental implant placement to avoid sinus lift procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected 100 dentate and 100 edentate patients with the presence of a maxillary sinus septum by reviewing a larger cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) database from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc in Bruxelles, Belgium...
March 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321850/educational-intervention-about-oral-piercing-knowledge-among-dental-students-and-adolescents-at-schools
#5
Pilar Junco, Rocío Barrios, María José Ruiz, Manuel Bravo
INTRODUCTION: Oral piercing can lead to complications and dentists are in a unique position to detect such complications. The purpose of this study was: (i) to assess the immediate and the long-term effects, on dental students, of a training programme about oral piercing knowledge; and (ii) to assess the immediate effect, on adolescents, of a single educational intervention session about oral piercing. METHODS: A training programme for dental students (n = 66) was carried out in three phases...
March 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316918/an-evaluation-of-craniofacial-growth-pattern-in-north-indian-children
#6
Vivek Mehta, R K Pandey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess craniofacial growth pattern in children with generalized decreased skeletal age and compare it with the children having normal skeletal age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms and hand wrist radiographs of 40 patients (age group 3-14 years) were taken and skeletal age assessment was done with hand wrist radiographs according to Greulich and Pyle, based on which two groups were made, Group A - Control group (normal skeletal age) and Group B - study group (decreased skeletal age)...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315858/how-does-culture-affect-experiential-training-feedback-in-exported-canadian-health-professional-curricula
#7
Kerry Wilbur, Rasha Mousa Bacha, Somaia Abdelaziz
Objectives: To explore feedback processes of Western-based health professional student training curricula conducted in an Arab clinical teaching setting. Methods: This qualitative study employed document analysis of in-training evaluation reports (ITERs) used by Canadian nursing, pharmacy, respiratory therapy, paramedic, dental hygiene, and pharmacy technician programs established in Qatar. Six experiential training program coordinators were interviewed between February and May 2016 to explore how national cultural differences are perceived to affect feedback processes between students and clinical supervisors...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296651/the-predictive-validity-of-a-text-based-situational-judgment-test-in-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-school-admissions
#8
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Helena Edwards, Anna Rosselli, Sandra Nicholson, Barry Wright
PROBLEM: Situational judgment tests (SJTs) can be used to assess the nonacademic attributes necessary for medical and dental trainees to become successful practitioners. Evidence for SJTs' predictive validity, however, relates predominantly to selection in postgraduate settings or using video-based SJTs at the undergraduate level; it may not be directly transferable to text-based SJTs in undergraduate medical and dental school selection. This preliminary study aimed to address these gaps by assessing the validity of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) text-based SJT...
March 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295943/wrong-postural-hygiene-and-ergonomics-in-dental-students-of-the-university-of-valencia-spain-part-i
#9
J Cervera-Espert, A Pascual-Moscardó, I Camps-Alemany
INTRODUCTION: Failure to adopt a correct working posture can lead to occupational diseases. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate knowledge in relation to ergonomics about BHOP concept and its application to routine clinical practice amongst undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study based on interviews of undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain) was carried out...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295299/oral-findings-and-dental-behaviour-before-and-after-liver-transplantation-a-single-centre-cross-sectional-study
#10
Anne Kauffels, Gerhard Schmalz, Otto Kollmar, Jan E Slotta, Michael Weig, Uwe Groß, Oliver Bader, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this single-centre, cross-sectional study was to evaluate dental, periodontal and mycological findings, as well as oral behaviour, in patients before (pre-LTx) and after (post-LTx) liver transplantation. METHODS: A total of 47 patients pre-LTx and 119 patients post-LTx were asked to participate. Oral health behaviour was assessed using a standardised questionnaire. Oral examinations included dental [decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index] and periodontal [papillary bleeding index (PBI), periodontal probing depth (PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL)] findings...
March 10, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270705/dental-specialty-career-preferences-and-their-influencing-factors-among-final-year-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/general dentistry and career options...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270704/role-of-ethical-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-in-providing-care-for-hiv-aids-patients
#12
Saad Ahmed Khan, Min Li Liew, Hanan Omar
INTRODUCTION: Dental care has remained as an unmet need for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Dental students are considered as future healthcare workforce and having beliefs which are discriminating may have negative attitudes towards providing care to these individuals (Azodo et al., 2010). The study aimed to assess the ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students towards PLWHAs for providing care. METHODS: It is a descriptive correlational and cross sectional study...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265896/use-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-identifying-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis
#13
C B Brasileiro, L L F H Chalub, M H N G Abreu, I D Barreiros, T M P Amaral, A M Kakehasi, R A Mesquita
The aim of this study is to correlate radiometric indices from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. Quantitative CBCT indices can be used to screen for women with low BMD. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by the deterioration of bone tissue and the consequent decrease in BMD and increase in bone fragility. Several studies have been performed to assess radiometric indices in panoramic images as low-BMD predictors...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261930/an-approach-on-defining-competency-in-evidence-based-dentistry
#14
T A Marshall, C L Straub-Morarend, S Guzman-Armstrong, S C McKernan, L Marchini, N Q Handoo, M A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) knowledge and behaviour is hampered by lack of explicit competency criteria. This void impedes instructional design and assessment of student growth during the educational process. METHODS: Knowledge and cognitive domains supporting educational objectives in a pre-doctoral dental programme were identified for each level of the EBD five-step process. We articulated educational objectives with behavioural expectations for each level of skill acquisition at each step of the EBD process...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255379/medical-legislation-educational-needs-assessment-for-dental-students
#15
S M Piţuru, A Nanu, A Bucur
Rationale (hypothesis): Many studies have highlighted the vulnerabilities in medical practice due to the legislation ignorance. Therefore, developing special programs for students training is needed and has become imperative. Objective: This research aimed to identify the educational needs for the 5th year students in "Carol Davila" School of Dentistry in Bucharest, related to the legislation in dentistry and its area of application. Methods and results: 199 students were invited to respond to a specially designed questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253585/-accuracy-of-computer-aided-measurement-for-detecting-dental-proximal-caries-lesions-in-images-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#16
Z L Zhang, J P Li, G Li, X C Ma
Objective: To establish and validate a computer program used to aid the detection of dental proximal caries in the images cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Methods: According to the characteristics of caries lesions in X-ray images, a computer aided detection program for proximal caries was established with Matlab and Visual C++. The whole process for caries lesion detection included image import and preprocessing, measuring average gray value of air area, choosing region of interest and calculating gray value, defining the caries areas...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250040/safety-assessment-of-two-hybrid-instrumentation-techniques-in-a-dental-student-endodontic-clinic-a-retrospective-study
#17
Marcelo Santos Coelho, Steven John Card, Peter Zahi Tawil
The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the safety potential of a hybrid technique combining nickel-titanium (NiTi) reciprocating and rotary instruments by third- and fourth-year dental students in the predoctoral endodontics clinic at one U.S. dental school. For the study, 3,194 root canal treatments performed by 317 dental students from 2012 through 2015 were evaluated for incidence of ledge creation and instrument separation. The hybrid reciprocating and rotary technique (RRT) consisted of a glide path creation with stainless steel hand files up to size 15/02, a crown down preparation with a NiTi reciprocating instrument, and an apical preparation with NiTi rotary instruments...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250039/optimization-and-preclinical-perception-of-an-artificial-simulator-for-endodontic-training-a-preliminary-study
#18
Lieven Robberecht, Jean-Christophe Hornez, Marion Dehurtevent, Thomas Dufour, Julien Labreuche, Etienne Deveaux, Feng Chai
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of ceramic, hybrid ceramic, and commercial plastic bloc root canal simulator (RCS) as preclinical training aids in the learning phase of endodontic treatments. A previously developed hydroxyapatite ceramic RCS was improved by adding epoxy resin to the ceramic matrix to more closely mimic the organic phase of dentin and to simulate the clinical situation as realistically as possible. The sintered hydroxyapatite ceramic RCS was vacuum infiltrated with epoxy resin, and the degree of infiltration was evaluated by methylene blue staining...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250037/the-relationship-between-dental-students-assessment-ability-and-preclinical-and-academic-performance-in-operative-dentistry
#19
Cliff Lee, Sheetal R Asher, Supattriya Chutinan, German O Gallucci, Hiroe Ohyama
Self-assessment is a critical skill for health care professionals. Because these professionals must be lifelong, self-directed learners and self-regulating practitioners, the ability to self-assess is essential for them. The aims of this study were to measure how dental students self-assessed and peer-assessed their performance in preclinical operative procedures and to evaluate any relationship between their assessment ability and preclinical skills or academic performance. The study was conducted from 2015 to 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250036/identifying-noncognitive-skills-that-contribute-to-dental-students-success-dental-faculty-perspectives
#20
Shannon Myers Virtue, Laura Pendergast, Marisol Tellez, Elizabeth Waldron, Amid Ismail
The aims of this study were to identify noncognitive factors that dental faculty members perceived to contribute to dental students' success and to assess dental faculty members' ratings of the relative importance of these factors to academic performance, clinical performance, and overall success. Out of 184 eligible faculty members at one U.S. dental school, 43 respondents (23.3%) completed a survey in 2015-16. The survey asked respondents to rank the importance of seven noncognitive factors to academic performance, clinical performance, and overall success...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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