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Dental students assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792543/restructuring-saudi-board-in-restorative-dentistry-sbrd-curriculum-using-canmeds-competency
#1
Bahiah Abdulaziz Al Askar, Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Ebtesam Ibrahim Al Wasill, Zubair Amin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of adopting the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS) 2015 competency framework in a dental specialty program to reconstruct the Saudi Board in Restorative Dentistry (SBRD) curriculum and disseminate the lessons learned. Method and development process: The process of curriculum development was started with the selection of SBRD curriculum committee and review of CanMEDS framework. The Committee conducted needs assessment among the stakeholders and adopted CanMEDS 2015 competencies through a careful process...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790228/evidence-based-dentistry-skill-acquisition-by-second-year-dental-students
#2
T A Marshall, S C McKernan, C L Straub-Morarend, S Guzman-Armstrong, L Marchini, N Q Handoo, M A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Identification and assessment of Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) outcomes have been elusive. Our objective was to describe EBD skill acquisition during the second (D2) year of pre-doctoral dental education and student competency at the end of the year. METHODS: The first and fourth (final) curricular-required EBD Exercises (ie, application of the first 4 steps of the 5-Step evidence-based practice process applied to a real or hypothetical situation) completed by D2 students (n = 151) during 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 were evaluated to measure skill acquisition through use of a novel rubric with measures of performance from novice to expert...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785677/analysis-of-the-frequency-of-visualization-of-morphological-variations-in-anatomical-bone-features-in-the-mandibular-interforaminal-region-through-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#3
Marilza do Carmo Oliveira, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Thais Gimenez, Sergio Allegrini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency of visualization of anatomical bone features and their possible variations in the mandibular interforaminal region through cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated CBCT scans of the mandible of 141 women and 61 men, obtained by imaging archives from two private clinics of dental radiology. The study analyzed the frequency of visualization of: lingual symphyseal foramen (LSF), additional mental foramen (AdMF), absence of mental foramen (AbMF), mandibular incisive canal (MIC), and anterior loop (AL)...
May 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785161/prevalence-and-psychological-stress-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-among-female-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Muhammed Ajmal, Lujain Ibrahim, Nada Mohammed, Heba Al-Qarni
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder which is characterized by recurrent ulcerations mainly confined to non-keratinized oral mucosa. Though the exact etiology is imprecise, stress and anxiety were found to be linked with the onset of RAS. The present study was directed to know the prevalence of RAS among female dental students in King Khalid University, to find out the association between RAS and psychological stress and the effectiveness of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) in finding out the psychological profile of RAS patients...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#5
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780746/a-novel-herbal-formulation-versus-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-in-efficacy-against-oral-microflora
#6
K S Vinod, K S Sunil, Priyanka Sethi, Ram Chand Bandla, Subhasini Singh, Deepak Patel
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare and to analyze the antimicrobial efficacy of 0.12% chlorhexidine and new formulated herbal mouthwash after using for 14 days. The objective was to signify whether the noval herbal combination could be a better alternative mouthwash to Chlorhexidine (CHX). Materials and Methods: This is a double-blinded, random controlled research study conducted in the Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology. A total of 200 dental students were selected randomly, comprising of two groups, 100 in each, aged between 18 and 22 years with gingival index of score II...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780741/estimation-of-dental-and-bone-age-in-obese-children-of-south-india
#7
Shaji T Varghese, Vinod Kumar, Sam Paul, Lijo K Jose, Tom Mathew, Sabin Siddique
Aim: Determination of skeletal and dental age is very essential for Pediatric dentist and orthodontist to formulate a treatment plan, and it is a source of supplemental information for Pediatrics, Orthopedics, and Forensics. There are no available studies in the literature about the comparison of dental and bone age with chronological age in obese children of south India. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate and compare dental age, bone age, and chronological age in obese children of south India...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778987/effect-of-ethanol-dissolved-rhodamine-b-marker-on-mechanical-properties-of-non-simplified-adhesives
#8
Camila Moreira Machado, Odair Bim Júnior, Marina Ciccone Giacomini, Márcia Sirlene Zardin Graeff, Fernanda Cristina Pimentel Garcia, Daniela Rios, Heitor Marques Honório, Linda Wang
OBJECTIVES: Rhodamine B (RB) is commonly used to evaluate dental polymers, including dental bonding systems (DBS). For reliability assessments, its effect should not only allow visualization of the dentin-polymer interface but also must not interfere with the bonding of the DBS to dentin as measured by the microtensile bond strength and hardness tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Flat human dentin surfaces were prepared and randomly distributed (n = 10) into six groups: Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP) or Clearfil SE Bond (SE) in concentrations of none/control, 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756172/relationship-between-erosive-tooth-wear-and-beverage-consumption-among-a-group-of-schoolchildren-in-mexico-city
#9
Álvaro Edgar González-Aragón Pineda, Socorro Aída Borges-Yáñez, María Esther Irigoyen-Camacho, Adrian Lussi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between erosive tooth wear (ETW) and consumption of different kinds of beverages in a group of schoolchildren 11-14 years old in Mexico City. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a sample of students (n = 512) in Mexico City. The Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) was used to quantify ETW. Beverage consumption (BC) was determined using a frequency questionnaire; beverages included pure water, natural fruit juices, milk, hot beverages, and soft drinks...
May 13, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752807/oral-health-and-school-performance-in-a-group-of-schoolchildren-from-the-federal-district-brazil
#10
Raquel Francis Almeida, Soraya Coelho Leal, Jordana Guedes Amorim Medonca, Leandro Augusto Hilgert, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether an association exists between school performance, quality of life, dental caries, and dental pain in children between 6 and 8 years of age. METHODS: All 6- to 8-year-old children enrolled in the second year of the six public schools in Paranoá-FD were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. In total, 374 consented. Dental caries was recorded according to the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index by two trained examiners...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750620/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-in-foster-care-children-and-adolescents
#11
A Solis-Riggioni, C Gallardo-Barquero, D Chavarria-Bolaños
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among institutionalized children and adolescents in San José, Costa Rica. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 201 children and adolescents between the ages of 2 and 17 years. Participants were selected by following pre-established criteria from 33 shelters located in the province of San José, Costa Rica. The International Caries Detection Assessment System (ICDAS) method was used for caries assessment...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750427/evaluation-of-knowledge-of-students-in-paediatric-dentistry-concerning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-in-children
#12
L M De Mauro, L B Oliveira, C De Cássia Bergamaschi, J C Ramacciato, R H L Motta
AIM: The study evaluated the theoretical knowledge and practical ability of students in paediatric dentistry concerning basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and babies. METHODS: Seventy paediatric dentistry students answered a questionnaire and also performed a simulation of the manoeuvres of BLS and CPR on baby and child manikins. RESULTS: The results showed that 41 (58%) students had never received BLS training...
May 10, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741116/possible-sleep-bruxism-circadian-preference-and-sleep-related-characteristics-and-behaviors-among-dental-students
#13
Sara Oliveira Aguiar, Ivana Meyer Prado, Karen Simon Rezende Silveira, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Sheyla Márcia Auad, Saul Martins Paiva, Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra
OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep bruxism prevalence and its association with circadian preference and sleep-related characteristics among dental students. METHODS: Dental students of the Federal University of Minas Gerais participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants answered a scale assessing individuals' circadian preference, and a questionnaire regarding sleep-related characteristics and behaviors, history of muscle ache in the temporomandibular area, and history of bruxism...
May 9, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739848/effects-of-a-training-needle-on-dental-hygiene-student-anxiety
#14
Diana Aboytes, Christina Calleros
Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to assess whether practicing with a cotton-tipped applicator as compared to a new training device had an effect on the anxiety levels of dental hygiene students prior to administering and receiving their first intraoral injection for local anesthesia. Methods: This pilot study used a convenience sample of senior dental hygiene students from an entry-level Bachelor degree dental hygiene program. Participants completed a pre-test survey after watching a video demonstrating the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) injection technique to determine anxiety levels regarding administering and receiving an intraoral injection...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739407/work-shadowing-in-dental-teaching-practices-evaluation-results-of-a-collaborative-study-between-university-and-general-dental-practices
#15
Stefan J Heitkamp, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the acceptance and assessment of work shadowing carried out by students and dentists in dental practices. Furthermore, the extent to which students perceive an improvement in their specialised, communication and social competencies, was to be examined. METHODS: 61 dental students in their clinical semesters at a German university participated in work shadowing placements at 27 different general dental practices...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739105/blood-donation-are-we-willing-a-cross-sectional-study-among-dental-students
#16
Dolar Doshi, P Karunakar, D Satyanarayana, B Srikanth Reddy
BACKGROUND: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards blood donation among a cohort of dental students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included all the undergraduate and post-graduate dental students of Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital. A self-administered questionnaire comprised of four parts. The first part gathered socio-demographic data. The subsequent parts consisted of 11-knowledge questions (K1-11), 11attitude questions (A1-11), and the fourth part evaluated the practice of blood donation (P1-11)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735853/awareness-knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-students-toward-infection-control-in-prosthodontic-clinic-of-a-dental-school-in-india
#17
S C Deogade, V Suresan, A Galav, J Rathod, S S Mantri, S M Patil
Background: Infection control practices are crucial and important elements in clinical dentistry as there is an increase in the prevalence of infectious diseases among dental patients. This necessitates the application of recommended procedures for infection control in dental schools and clinics. Objectives: The aim is to evaluate the awareness, knowledge, and attitude of the undergraduate dental students toward infection control measures in the prosthodontic clinic and to assess their satisfaction toward applying these measures during prosthodontic treatment...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730966/the-effectiveness-of-integration-of-virtual-patients-in-a-collaborative-learning-activity
#18
Hesham F Marei, Jeroen Donkers, Jeroen J G Van Merrienboer
BACKGROUND: Virtual patients (VPs) have been recently integrated within different learning activities. AIM: To compare between the effect of using VPs in a collaborative learning activity and using VPs in an independent learning activity on students' knowledge acquisition, retention and transfer. METHODS: For two different topics, respectively 82 and 76 dental students participated in teaching, learning and assessment sessions with VPs. Students from a female campus and from a male campus have been randomly assigned to condition (collaborative and independent), yielding four experimental groups...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729097/3d-printed-model-for-hands-on-training-in-dental-traumatology
#19
M Reymus, C Fotiadou, R Hickel, C Diegritz
AIM: To assess the feasibility of creating a realistic model for hands-on training in dental traumatology using 3D printing technology, and then to investigate the added value of working with the website dentaltraumaguide. org. METHODOLOGY: With the use of special software applications, a model was designed based on the CBCT of the maxilla of a real patient that imitated several traumatic dental injuries. The model was reproduced using a stereolithographic printer in order to use the specimens in a hands-on training course on dental traumatology for undergraduate students in their final year in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology in Munich, Germany...
May 5, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728889/comparative-evaluation-of-soft-and-hard-tissue-changes-following-endosseous-implant-placement-using-flap-and-flapless-techniques-in-the-posterior-edentulous-areas-of-the-mandible-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Divya Kumar, G Sivaram, B Shivakumar, Tss Kumar
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-supported restorations have long been used as a successful modality for replacing missing teeth. There are two well-established methods of implant placement. The traditional approach to implant surgery involves raising a mucoperiosteal flap and the alternative approach does not involve reflecting a flap, each having its own advantages and disadvantages. The purpose of the present study was to compare and evaluate the soft and hard tissue changes around endosseous implants placed using flap and flapless surgery in mandibular posterior edentulous sites over a period of time...
May 5, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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