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Dental students assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636151/method-of-teaching-undergraduate-students-to-perform-root-canal-treatment-it-s-influence-on-the-quality-of-root-fillings
#1
A Baaij, A R Özok
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess whether the method of teaching endodontology influenced the quality of root fillings made by undergraduate students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method of teaching endodontology at our institution was revised. Changes concerned: the programme (ie method of clinical training and summative assessment), and the supervision whilst performing root canal treatment on patients. An intermediate cohort (N=91) comprised partly students attending the former programme (involving patients) and partly students attending the revised programme (without patients)...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#2
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612324/assessing-the-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-an-app-in-improving-knowledge-on-oral-cancer-an-interventional-study
#3
Prajna Pramod Nayak, Sushma S Nayak, Deepicca Sathiyabalan, N K Aditya, Priyanjana Das
Although current oral health care initiatives have proved to be quite successful, a great number of individuals are unaware of how their choice of daily activities compromises their oral health. That is why newer technologies like WhatsApp can definitely serve as a platform to communicate dental advice, thereby strengthening the bridge between health and technology. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of WhatsApp as a tool for providing health education on tobacco and oral cancer as compared to the conventional health education via PowerPoint...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610738/blood-pressure-and-blood-sugar-assessment-by-recent-dental-school-graduates
#4
Michael N Hatton, Heather Orom, Patrick L Anders
OBJECTIVE: Recent dental school graduates' willingness to assess blood pressure and blood sugar in practice is positively influenced by having a workplace policy fostering these assessments. Negative influences toward these assessments include practice culture issues and time management concerns. The aim of this study was to determine whether 2010-2014 graduates of the School of Dental Medicine at Buffalo, NY (UB-SDM) continue to assess blood pressure and capillary blood sugar after graduation...
July 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#5
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606667/a-comparative-study-of-protaper-universal-and-protaper-next-used-by-undergraduate-students-to-prepare-root-canals
#6
Amin A H Alemam, Paul M H Dummer, Damian J J Farnell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine whether final-year undergraduate dental students achieved better shaping outcomes using the new ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland) system to prepare root canals for the first time compared with the existing ProTaper Universal (PTU, Dentsply Sirona) system on which they had trained. A secondary aim was to explore the attitudes and preferences of the students toward both systems. METHODS: Forty students prepared 1 simulated S-shaped canal using PTN and another with PTU...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594914/associations-between-dental-knowledge-source-of-dental-knowledge-and-oral-health-behavior-in-japanese-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Daisuke Ekuni, Shinsuke Mizutani, Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Kota Kataoka, Tetsuji Azuma, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita
The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior in a group of students at a university in Japan. A total of 2,220 university students (1,276 males, 944 females) volunteered to undergo an oral examination and answer a questionnaire. The questionnaire assessed dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior (e.g., daily frequency of tooth brushing, use of dental floss and regular dental checkups)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584834/effectiveness-of-a-program-on-evidence-based-dentistry-in-dental-students
#8
Naghmeh Feyzi Najafi, Imaneh Asgari
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is an approach to oral healthcare by combining the best scientific evidence and clinical diagnostics, clinical expertise of the dentist, and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program on EBD offered in a community-dentistry course in improving knowledge and attitudes of students in this regard. STUDY METHODS: By a quasi-experimental study design, 64 senior dental students of Islamic Azad University of Khorasgan recruited in a controlled trial...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584828/measurement-of-the-levels-anxiety-self-perception-of-preparation-and-expectations-for-success-using-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-written-examination-and-a-preclinical-preparation-test-in-kerman-dental-students
#9
Mahsa Kalantari, Nazila Lashkari Zadeh, Raha Habib Agahi, Nader Navabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour, Amir Hossein Gandjalikhan Nassab
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Examinations have an important role in evaluating students' learning outcomes and their mastery of a subject. Passing or failing an examination can have far-reaching consequences for the students. Therefore, it is not surprising that international studies consistently show that dental students report examinations and grades among the highest ranking stressors in dental schools. PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to measure the levels of anxiety, self-perception of preparation and expectations for success using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), a written examination and a preclinical preparation test, and to examine the effects of the three predictive variables on the outcomes of assessments...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584534/impact-of-virtual-microscopy-with-conventional-microscopy-on-student-learning-in-dental-histology
#10
Alka Harish Hande, Vidya K Lohe, Minal S Chaudhary, Madhuri N Gawande, Swati K Patil, Prajakta R Zade
BACKGROUND: In dental histology, the assimilation of histological features of different dental hard and soft tissues is done by conventional microscopy. This traditional method of learning prevents the students from screening the entire slide and change of magnification. To address these drawbacks, modification in conventional microscopy has evolved and become motivation for changing the learning tool. Virtual microscopy is the technique in which there is complete digitization of the microscopic glass slide, which can be analyzed on a computer...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578375/knowledge-aptitudes-and-preferences-in-implant-dentistry-teaching-training-among-undergraduate-dental-students-at-the-university-of-barcelona
#11
M-A Sánchez-Garcés, E Berástegui-Jimeno, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Oral implant rehabilitation should be considered a treatment option for any edentulous patient and Implant Dentistry is currently a discipline taught in the undergraduate formation. The level of knowledge acquired and how the students perceive the quality of training in Implant Dentistry could assess to know if it is necessary to improve the syllabus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed with 11 questions: Basic knowledge (7); Perception of training received (2); Ways in which students would receive training (2)...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575892/evaluation-of-a-vibrotactile-simulator-for-dental-caries-detection
#12
Katherine J Kuchenbecker, Robert C Parajon, Margrit P Maggio
INTRODUCTION: Developed to educate dental students in caries detection, the VerroTeach simulator allows dental faculty to share, record, and replay the tactile vibrations felt through a dental hand instrument. We assessed this simulation approach by asking experienced dental educators to evaluate the system's real-time and video playback modes. METHODS: VerroTeach uses an accelerometer to sense instrument vibrations and a voice coil actuator to reproduce these vibrations on another tool...
June 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572422/teaching-dental-students-to-understand-the-temporomandibular-joint-using-mri-comparison-of-conventional-and-digital-learning-methods
#13
Nádia A Arús, Átila M da Silva, Rogério Duarte, Priscila F da Silveira, Mariana B Vizzotto, Heraldo L D da Silveira, Heloisa E D da Silveira
The aims of this study were to evaluate and compare the performance of dental students in interpreting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans using two learning methods (conventional and digital interactive learning) and to examine the usability of the digital learning object (DLO). The DLO consisted of tutorials about MRI and anatomic and functional aspects of the TMJ. In 2014, dental students in their final year of study who were enrolled in the elective "MRI Interpretation of the TMJ" course comprised the study sample...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572420/partial-ceramic-crowns-prepared-by-dental-students-clinical-performance-up-to-five-years
#14
Julia Bühler, Marina Alena Naef, Mauro Amato, Gabriel Krastl, Roland Weiger, Nicola Ursula Zitzmann
Partial ceramic crowns (PCCs) are an accepted treatment option for the restoration of posterior teeth with deficient tooth substance. Data on the survival of PCCs fabricated by dental students are scarce. The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to investigate the clinical performance and longevity of PCCs placed by dental students in the last year of their training program at the University of Basel, Switzerland. Eighty-eight patients who had received at least one PCC (n=108) in the program were considered for clinical assessment; their records were analyzed to detect previous complications or failures; and they were contacted by telephone...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572419/using-assessments-of-dental-students-entrepreneurial-self-efficacy-to-aid-practice-management-education
#15
Anthony G Mollica, Kevin Cain, Richard S Callan
In the past, the typical practice management curriculum in U.S. dental schools was found to place a heavy emphasis on customer service, whereas areas typically stressed in business entrepreneurship and management courses (e.g., long-range planning, competing strategies, and supplier relationship) received less attention. However, future dentists will likely have many points in their careers at which they must decide whether to begin a new business or to associate with a practice, and entrepreneurial and management training can help them make and implement those decisions...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572413/impact-of-faculty-development-workshops-in-student-centered-teaching-methodologies-on-faculty-members-teaching-and-their-students-perceptions
#16
Jorge A Tricio, Juan E Montt, Andrea P Ormeño, Alberto J Del Real, Claudia A Naranjo
The aim of this study was to assess, after one year, the impact of faculty development in teaching and learning skills focused on a learner-centered approach on faculty members' perceptions of and approaches to teaching and on their students' learning experiences and approaches. Before training (2014), all 176 faculty members at a dental school in Chile were invited to complete the Approaches to Teaching Inventory (ATI) to assess their teaching approaches (student- vs. teacher-focused). In 2015, all 496 students were invited to complete the Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) to assess their learning approaches (deep or surface) and the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) to measure their teaching quality perceptions...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572412/the-effect-of-calibration-on-caries-risk-assessment-performance-by-students-and-clinical-faculty
#17
Douglas A Young, Bernadette Alvear Fa, Nicholas Rogers, Peter Rechmann
Caries management requires a complete oral examination and an accurate caries risk assessment (CRA). Performing Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA) is inefficient when the caries risk level assignment is incorrect. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of faculty members and students at one U.S. dental school to correctly assign caries risk levels for 22 CRA cases, followed by calibration with guidelines on how to use the CRA form and a post-calibration test two months after calibration...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571172/disparities-in-oral-health-behaviour-among-young-adults-in-mangalore-india-a-psychosocial-perspective
#18
G Rajesh, Simi Seemanthini, Dilip Naik, Keshava Pai, Ashwini Rao
INTRODUCTION: Oral health inequalities imply unequal distribution of health and disease across socioeconomic gradients. Oral health related behaviour and its psychosocial antecedents can have a major impact on oral disease pathways in communities. AIM: To ascertain disparities in oral health behaviour and its psychosocial antecedents among young adults in Mangalore, Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Present study was carried out among 341 degree students at three randomly chosen institutions belonging to government, aided and private colleges in Mangalore...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553831/depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-dental-students
#19
Sumaya Basudan, Najla Binanzan, Aseel Alhassan
Objectives: To measure the occurrence and levels of depression, anxiety and stress in undergraduate dental students using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in November and December of 2014. A total of 289 dental students were invited to participate, and 277 responded, resulting in a response rate of 96%. The final sample included 247 participants. Eligible participants were surveyed via a self-reported questionnaire that included the validated DASS-21 scale as the assessment tool and questions about demographic characteristics and methods for managing stress...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546609/just-one-thing-a-novel-patient-feedback-model
#20
I Gharib, S L Rolland, H Bateman, J S Ellis
In response to the Educational Standards of the UK's General Dental Council, Newcastle University, School of Dental Sciences introduced a patient feedback card to gather and incorporate patient feedback into their undergraduate assessment framework. The cards ask for patient response to two questions about their experience, and also ask patients to identify 'Just One Thing' (JOT) the student could do to improve this. JOT cards completed during a two week period were collected to evaluate and analyse the nature of patient responses within this model...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
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