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Europeans cardiology society 2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534177/european-guidelines-on-lifestyle-changes-for-management-of-hypertension-awareness-and-implementation-of-recommendations-among-german-and-european-physicians
#1
J Bolbrinker, L Zaidi Touis, H Gohlke, B Weisser, R Kreutz
BACKGROUND: In the 2013 European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension, six lifestyle changes for treatment are recommended for the first time with class I, level of evidence A. We initiated a survey among physicians to explore their awareness and consideration of lifestyle changes in hypertension management. METHODS: The survey included questions regarding demographics as well as awareness and implementation of the recommended lifestyle changes...
May 22, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511325/-feasibility-of-the-2014-european-guidelines-risk-prediction-model-for-sudden-cardiac-death-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-chinese-patients
#2
S H Zhu, Y Li, W Huang, H Jiang, S N Li, L Chen, S Huang, H S Yu, B Xu
Objective: Exploring the feasibility of the 2014 European Society of Cardiology(ESC)guideline's risk prediction model for sudden cardiac death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM Risk-SCD) in Chinese patients. Methods: The study population consisted of a consecutive cohort of 172 Chinese patients with HCM without prior sudden cardiac death (SCD) event who were in patients in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from December 2010 to October 2015.The endpoint event was a composite of SCD and appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy...
May 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504227/israel-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#3
Ariel Finkelstein, Saar Minha, Ran Kornowski, Haim Danenberg, Shmuel Banai, Haim Lotan, Amit Segev, Israel M Barbash
The Israel Heart Society is a member of the European Society of Cardiology, and the Israeli Working Group of Interventional Cardiology is an active participant in EAPCI. The aim of this manuscript is to provide a snapshot of cardiac interventions performed in the State of Israel during the period 2010-2015. Data for this manuscript were collected via collaboration with the National Diseases Registries Unit of the Israel Center for Disease Control. During the survey period, the Israeli population increased by 7% but only one additional hospital with an active cardiac catheterisation laboratory was opened...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498092/barriers-to-esc-guideline-implementation-results-of-a-survey-from-the-european-council-on-cardiovascular-nursing-and-allied-professions-ccnap
#4
Gabrielle McKee, Mary Kerins, Glenys Hamilton, Tina Hansen, Jeroen Hendriks, Eleni Kletsiou, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Catriona Jennings, Donna Fitzsimons
BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has a comprehensive clinical guideline development programme, relevant for all clinicians. However, implementation of guidelines is not always optimal. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine nurses' and allied professionals' awareness and barriers regarding clinical guideline implementation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administrated online and in print at EuroHeartCare 2015...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495691/screening-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-an-unselected-prospective-systemic-sclerosis-cohort
#5
Els Vandecasteele, Benny Drieghe, Karin Melsens, Kristof Thevissen, Michel De Pauw, Ellen Deschepper, Saskia Decuman, Carolien Bonroy, Yves Piette, Filip De Keyser, Guy Brusselle, Vanessa Smith
Screening for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) improves outcomes. The DETECT screening algorithm is recommended in a high-risk SSc subgroup. This study aims to compare prospectively the positive predictive value of screening using the DETECT algorithm and the 2009 European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society (ESC/ERS) guidelines, and to compare their cost-effectiveness in an unselected, day-to-day SSc population. Post hoc, screening according to the 2015 ESC/ERS guidelines using echocardiographic parameters alone ("2015 echo screening") or combined with the DETECT algorithm ("2015 combined screening") in high-risk subjects was analysed...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397445/-from-right-to-left-the-role-of-right-heart-catheterization-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-left-heart-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Marta Kałużna-Oleksy, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Jacek Migaj, Maciej Lesiak, Ewa Straburzyńska-Migaj
Pulmonary hypertension (PH), second only to left heart diseases (LHD), is a frequent problem in clinical practice. At the same time, left heart diseases represent the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension, and the occurrence of PH in patients with chronic heart failure is usually associated with worse functional class, and prognosis. Right heart catheterization (RHC) is the "gold standard" in the diagnosis and differentiation of PH. It is also essential in the process of qualifying for a heart transplantation...
January 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387202/2016-consensus-statement-on-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-hong-kong-population
#7
B My Cheung, C H Cheng, C P Lau, C Ky Wong, R Cw Ma, D Ws Chu, D Hk Ho, K Lf Lee, H F Tse, A Sp Wong, B Py Yan, V Wt Yan
INTRODUCTION: In Hong Kong, the prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease has increased markedly over the past few decades, and further increases are expected. In 2008, the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Task Force released a consensus statement on preventing cardiovascular disease in the Hong Kong population. The present article provides an update on these recommendations. PARTICIPANTS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians comprising the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Task Force-10 cardiologists, an endocrinologist, and a family physician-met in September 2014 and June 2015 in Hong Kong...
April 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383860/-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-infective-endocarditis-partim-1
#8
A Iovino, S Marchetta, R Dulgheru, C Oury, L A Piérard, P Lancellotti
Until recently, the recommendations of infective endocarditis were based on expert opinions, due to its low incidence and the absence of controlled trials. The update in 2015 of the new guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (compared with 2009) relates to the publication of a randomised study on the surgical treatment, the innovations in imaging procedures (especially functional imaging in nuclear medicine) and the new concept of «Team Endocarditis» (multidisciplinary approach). Their aim is to remind the limitations of antibiotic prophylaxis and to insist on hospital hygiene measures...
June 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372463/patient-centred-care-of-patients-with-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-risk-of-sudden-cardiac-death-what-do-the-2015-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-add
#9
Tone M Norekvål, Paulus Kirchhof, Donna Fitzsimons
Nurses and allied professionals are at the forefront of care delivery in patients with arrythmogenic risk and have a responsibility to deliver care that is focused on their individual needs. The 2015 European Society of Cardiology guideline on prevention of ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death heralds a step-change in patient and family focus and interdisciplinary involvement. This development reflects a recognition within the European Society of Cardiology that chronic care of patients with cardiovascular conditions can be improved by involving all stakeholders, making use of multidisciplinary interventions, and placing the patient at the centre of the care process...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329355/international-recommendations-for-electrocardiographic-interpretation-in-athletes
#10
Sanjay Sharma, Jonathan A Drezner, Aaron Baggish, Michael Papadakis, Mathew G Wilson, Jordan M Prutkin, Andre La Gerche, Michael J Ackerman, Mats Borjesson, Jack C Salerno, Irfan M Asif, David S Owens, Eugene H Chung, Michael S Emery, Victor F Froelicher, Hein Heidbuchel, Carmen Adamuz, Chad A Asplund, Gordon Cohen, Kimberly G Harmon, Joseph C Marek, Silvana Molossi, Josef Niebauer, Hank F Pelto, Marco V Perez, Nathan R Riding, Tess Saarel, Christian M Schmied, David M Shipon, Ricardo Stein, Victoria L Vetter, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of mortality in athletes during sport. A variety of mostly hereditary, structural, or electrical cardiac disorders are associated with SCD in young athletes, the majority of which can be identified or suggested by abnormalities on a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Whether used for diagnostic or screening purposes, physicians responsible for the cardiovascular care of athletes should be knowledgeable and competent in ECG interpretation in athletes. However, in most countries a shortage of physician expertise limits wider application of the ECG in the care of the athlete...
February 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329235/improving-public-health-by-improving-clinical-trial-guidelines-and-their-application
#11
Martin J Landray, Jeroen J Bax, Laurence Alliot, Marc Buyse, Adam Cohen, Rory Collins, Gerhard Hindricks, Stefan K James, Sile Lane, Aldo P Maggioni, Ann Meeker-O'Connell, Gunnar Olsson, Stuart J Pocock, Michael Rawlins, Jonathan Sellors, Kaori Shinagawa, Karin R Sipido, Liam Smeeth, Richard Stephens, Murray W Stewart, Wendy Gattis Stough, Fergus Sweeney, Frans Van de Werf, Kerrie Woods, Barbara Casadei
Evidence generated from randomized controlled trials forms the foundation of cardiovascular therapeutics and has led to the adoption of numerous drugs and devices that prolong survival and reduce morbidity, as well as the avoidance of interventions that have been shown to be ineffective or even unsafe. Many aspects of cardiovascular research have evolved considerably since the first randomized trials in cardiology were conducted. In order to be large enough to provide reliable evidence about effects on major outcomes, cardiovascular trials may now involve thousands of patients recruited from hundreds of clinical sites in many different countries...
March 8, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319472/infective-endocarditis-in-children-an-update
#12
Garth Dixon, Georgi Christov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Infective endocarditis in children remains a clinical challenge. Here, we review the impact of the updated 2015 American Heart Association and European Society of Cardiology guidelines on management as well as the significance of the new predisposing factors, diagnostic and treatment options, and the impact of the 2007-2008 change in prophylaxis recommendations. RECENT FINDINGS: The new 2015 infective endocarditis guidelines introduced the endocarditis team, added the new imaging modalities of computer tomography and PET-computer tomography into the diagnostic criteria and endorsed the concept of safety of relatively early surgical treatment...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306587/comparison-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-and-the-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes
#13
Aya J Alame, Aris Karatasakis, Judit Karacsonyi, Barbara A Danek, Erica Resendes, Jose R Martinez Parachini, Pratik Kalsaria, Michele Roesle, Bavana V Rangan, Paul Sorajja, Hani Jneid, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
INTRODUCTION: The American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) have been developing guidelines to assist clinicians in making evidence-based decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) that were updated in 2014 and 2015, respectively, were compared to assess the number of recommendations on the basis of class of recommendation and level of evidence (LOE), the sources cited, and the content...
June 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290558/-real-world-data-on-novel-oral-anticoagulants-the-added-value-of-registries-and-observational-studies-focus-on-apixaban
#14
Francesco Pelliccia, Gaetano Tanzilli, Michele Schiariti, Nicola Viceconte, Cesare Greco, Carlo Gaudio
Anticoagulant therapy has been used with great effect for decades for the prevention of stroke among patients with atrial fibrillation. In recent years, the therapeutic armamentarium has been strengthened considerably, with the addition of anticoagulants acting through novel pathways. The currently available novel agents are apixaban, rivaroxaban and dabigatran. These novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were approved for use on the basis of major clinical trials clearly demonstrating improved risk reductions compared to warfarin for stroke and/or major bleeding events...
December 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258178/international-criteria-for-electrocardiographic-interpretation-in-athletes
#15
Jonathan A Drezner, Sanjay Sharma, Aaron Baggish, Michael Papadakis, Mathew G Wilson, Jordan M Prutkin, Andre La Gerche, Michael J Ackerman, Mats Borjesson, Jack C Salerno, Irfan M Asif, David S Owens, Eugene H Chung, Michael S Emery, Victor F Froelicher, Hein Heidbuchel, Carmen Adamuz, Chad A Asplund, Gordon Cohen, Kimberly G Harmon, Joseph C Marek, Silvana Molossi, Josef Niebauer, Hank F Pelto, Marco V Perez, Nathan R Riding, Tess Saarel, Christian M Schmied, David M Shipon, Ricardo Stein, Victoria L Vetter, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of mortality in athletes during sport. A variety of mostly hereditary, structural or electrical cardiac disorders are associated with SCD in young athletes, the majority of which can be identified or suggested by abnormalities on a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Whether used for diagnostic or screening purposes, physicians responsible for the cardiovascular care of athletes should be knowledgeable and competent in ECG interpretation in athletes. However, in most countries a shortage of physician expertise limits wider application of the ECG in the care of the athlete...
March 3, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011803/the-italian-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-survey-s-icd-why-not
#16
Giovanni Luca Botto, Giovanni B Forleo, Alessandro Capucci, Francesco Solimene, Antonello Vado, Giovanni Bertero, Pietro Palmisano, Ennio Pisanò, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Tommaso Infusino, Alessandro Vicentini, Miguel Viscusi, Paola Ferrari, Antonello Talarico, Giovanni Russo, Giuseppe Boriani, Luigi Padeletti, Mariolina Lovecchio, Sergio Valsecchi, Antonio D'Onofrio
AIMS: A recommendation for a subcutaneous-implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) has been added to recent European Society of Cardiology Guidelines. However, the S-ICD is not ideally suitable for patients who need pacing. The aim of this survey was to analyse the current practice of ICD implantation and to evaluate the actual suitability of S-ICD. METHODS AND RESULTS: The survey 'S-ICD Why Not?' was an independent initiative taken by the Italian Heart Rhythm Society (AIAC)...
December 23, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989055/anticoagulation-after-biological-aortic-valve-replacement-is-there-an-optimal-regimen
#17
Tamer Owais, Mina Rouman, Martin Breuer, Lars Hüter, Jürgen Fuchs, Bernward Lauer, Thomas Kuntze
BACKGROUND: The anticoagulation of biological heart valves remains a 'hot spot' of discussion in various domains due to the risk of developing valve thrombosis and arterial thromboembolism. The situation has always been controversial, especially during the early postoperative phase. The American College of Cardiology/ American Heart Association and European Society of Cardiology guidelines recommend the use of warfarin for the first three months after biological aortic valve replacement (BAVR), although the American College of Chest Physicians guidelines suggest that these recommendations are experience-based and that the risk/benefit is unclear...
March 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968771/treatment-of-acute-cardiac-failure-in-the-emergency-department-improve-our-practices-data-from-the-resurcor-network
#18
L Belle, G Courtiol, L Lamboley, P Debax, P Pili, G Deschane, M Latappy, J Oberlin, A Drouet, C Ricard, C Morvan, F-X Ageron
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the European Society of cardiology published guidelines on the pre-hospital and early hospital management of acute cardiac failure (ACF), which included: - use of intravenous vasodilators (nitrates) when systolic blood pressure is>110mmHg; - non-invasive ventilation if oxygen saturation is<90% and/or respiratory rate is>25/min despite nasal oxygen; - using a reduced dose of intravenous furosemide (20-40mg or equivalent of the oral morning dose if already on chronic diuretic therapy) and; - early performance of echocardiography...
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931558/time-to-shift-from-contemporary-to-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-in-diagnosis-of-acute-coronary-syndromes
#19
REVIEW
Jamshed J Dalal, C K Ponde, Brian Pinto, C N Srinivas, Joy Thomas, Sunil Kumar Modi, Sanjay Mehta, Suvin Shetty, Manimarane, Bhupen Desai
Early rule-in and rule-out of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is a challenge. In patients with inconclusive findings on ECG, cardiac biomarkers play a crucial role in the diagnosis. The introduction of the new high-sensitive cardiac troponin test (hs-TnI assay) has changed the landscape of NSTEMI diagnosis. The new hs-TnI assay can detect troponin values at a lower level compared with a contemporary cardiac troponin (cTn) assay. The hs-cTnI assay has a coefficient of variation of ≤10%, well below the 99th percentile value...
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903661/risk-assessment-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#20
REVIEW
Amresh Raina, Marc Humbert
Regular patient assessment is essential for the management of chronic diseases, such as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Comprehensive patient assessment and risk stratification in PAH are important to guide treatment decisions and to monitor disease progression as well as patients' response to treatment. Approaches for assessing risk in PAH patients include the use of risk variables, as recommended in the 2015 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) pulmonary hypertension (PH) guidelines, and the application of risk equations and scores, such as the French registry risk equation and the REVEAL registry risk score...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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