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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716621/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-about-physician-assisted-death-an-analysis-of-their-justifications-and-the-roles-of-terminology-and-patient-competency
#1
Derek W Braverman, Brian S Marcus, Paul G Wakim, Mark R Mercurio, Gary S Kopf
CONTEXT: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) are crucial to physician-assisted death (PAD) provision. OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively assess the favorability of justifications for or against PAD legalization among HCPs, the effect of the terms "suicide" and "euthanasia" on their views, and their support for three forms of PAD. METHODS: Our questionnaire presented three cases: physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia for a competent patient, and euthanasia for an incompetent patient with an advance directive for euthanasia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716616/relationship-between-spirituality-meaning-in-life-psychological-distress-wish-for-hastened-death-and-their-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-palliative-care-patients
#2
Mathieu Bernard, Florian Strasser, Claudia Gamondi, Giliane Braunschweig, Michaela Forster, Karin Kaspers-Elekes, Silvia Walther Veri, Gian Domenico Borasio
CONTEXT: Spiritual, existential, and psychological issues represent central components of quality of life (QOL) in palliative care. A better understanding of the dynamic underlying these components is essential for the development of interventions tailored to the palliative context. OBJECTIVES: The aims were to explore (i) the relationship between spirituality, meaning in life, wishes for hastened death and psychological distress in palliative patients, and (ii) the extent to which these non-physical determinants influence QOL...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716555/attitudes-about-vaccines-to-prevent-ebola-virus-disease-in-guinea-at-the-end-of-a-large-ebola-epidemic-results-of-a-national-household-survey
#3
Kathleen L Irwin, Mohamed F Jalloh, Jamaica Corker, Barry Alpha Mahmoud, Susan J Robinson, Wenshu Li, Nyuma E James, Musa Sellu, Mohammad B Jalloh, Alpha Ahmadou Diallo, LaRee Tracy, Rana Hajjeh, Amanda VanSteelandt, Rebecca Bunnell, Lise Martel, Pratima L Raghunathan, Barbara Marston
INTRODUCTION: In 2014-2016, an Ebola epidemic devastated Guinea; more than 3800 cases and 2500 deaths were reported to the World Health Organization. In August 2015, as the epidemic waned and clinical trials of an experimental, Ebola vaccine continued in Guinea and neighboring Sierra Leone, we conducted a national household survey about Ebola-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) and opinions about "hypothetical" Ebola vaccines. METHODS: Using cluster-randomized sampling, we selected participants aged 15+ years old in Guinea's 8 administrative regions, which had varied cumulative case counts...
July 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711753/psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-version-of-the-patient-dignity-inventory-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#4
Efi Parpa, Sotiria Kostopoulou, Eleni Tsilika, Antonis Galanos, Stylianos Katsaragakis, Kyriaki Mystakidou
CONTEXT: The Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) is an instrument to measure dignity distressing aspects at the end of life. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study was the translation of the PDI in Greek language as well as to measure its psychometric aspects in a palliative care unit. METHODS: A back-translation method was obtained at the Greek version. 120 advanced cancer patients completed the Greek version of the PDI, the Greek Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Gr-HADS), The Greek Schedule of attitudes towards hastened death (SAHD-Gr) and the Greek SF-12 (Short Form Health Survey: SF-12)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701110/the-traditional-model-does-not-explain-attitudes-toward-euthanasia-a-web-based-survey-of-the-general-public-in-finland
#5
Anja Terkamo-Moisio, Tarja Kvist, Teuvo Laitila, Mari Kangasniemi, Olli-Pekka Ryynänen, Anna-Maija Pietilä
The debate about euthanasia is ongoing in several countries including Finland. However, there is a lack of information on current attitudes toward euthanasia among general Finnish public. The traditional model for predicting individuals' attitudes to euthanasia is based on their age, gender, educational level, and religiosity. However, a new evaluation of religiosity is needed due to the limited operationalization of this factor in previous studies. This study explores the connections between the factors of the traditional model and the attitudes toward euthanasia among the general public in the Finnish context...
August 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698908/-adult-autopsies-during-the-past-decade-in-germany-data-from-two-university-hospitals
#6
F Erlmeier, W Weichert, R Knüchel, J Andruszkow
BACKGROUND: The clinical autopsy is the ultimate medical service for a patient and plays a crucial role in the education of physicians and other medical personnel, as well as in the context of quality control. Nevertheless, the number of autopsies is constantly decreasing. Numerous factors, such as the personal attitude of relatives and also clarification of relatives, as well as the increasing application of imaging methods while the patient is still alive, play a central role in this decline...
July 11, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698759/effect-of-free-maternal-health-care-program-on-health-seeking-behaviour-of-women-during-pregnancy-intra-partum-and-postpartum-periods-in-cross-river-state-of-nigeria-a-mixed-method-study
#7
Betta Chimaobim Edu, Thomas U Agan, Emmanuel Monjok, Krystyna Makowiecka
BACKGROUND: Increasing the percentage of maternal health service utilization in health facilities, through cost-removal policy is important in reducing maternal deaths. The Cross River State Government of Nigeria introduced a cost-removal policy in 2009, under the umbrella of "PROJECT HOPE" where free maternal health services are provided. Since its inception, there has been no formal evaluation of its effectiveness. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the effect of the free maternal health care program on the health care-seeking behaviours of pregnant women in Cross River State, Nigeria...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698488/dementia-at-the-end-of-life-and-family-partners-a-symbolic-interactionist-perspective-on-communication
#8
Christopher Johnson, Jordan Kelch, Roxanna Johnson
People with dementia are not dying; they are experiencing changes in the brain. This paper utilizes a symbolic interaction theoretical perspective to outline communicative alternatives to polypharmacy. There is a growing interest in sociological interventions to untangle the "disordered discourses" associated with dementia. Such practices challenge common stigmas attached to dementia as an "ongoing funeral" or "death certificate." Changing the expectations, attitudes and communication patterns of family care partners can positively impact them and the person living with dementia at the end of life...
July 9, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697791/blood-transfusion-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-anemia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-general-practitioners-attitudes
#9
Sylvain Le Calvé, Dominique Somme, Joaquim Prud'homm, Aline Corvol
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion in chronic anemia is not covered by guidelines specific to older adults. When they consider that this treatment is necessary in elderly patients, French general practitioners (GPs) contact a hospital specialist to plan a transfusion. METHODS: Twenty French GPs were questioned individually regarding their approach to blood transfusion using semi-structured interviews. Each interview was recorded, typed up verbatim and then coded using an inductive procedure by theme, in a cross-over design (two researchers) in two phases: analysis and summary, followed by grouping of the recorded comments...
July 11, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697746/nursing-parental-perceptions-of-neonatal-care-in-central-vietnam-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study
#10
Katie Gallagher, Colin Partridge, Hoang T Tran, Suzanna Lubran, Duncan Macrae
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality accounts for nearly three quarters of all infant deaths in Vietnam. The nursing team are the largest professional group working with newborns, however do not routinely receive neonatal training and there is a lack of research into the impact of educational provision. This study explored changes in nursing perceptions towards their role following a neonatal educational intervention. Parents perceptions of nursing care were explored to determine any changes as nurses gained more experience...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688885/using-the-systems-practice-framework-to-understand-food-allergen-management-practices-at-college-catering-operations-a-qualitative-study
#11
Jennie Verstappen, Miranda Mirosa, Carla Thomson
BACKGROUND: The number of individuals with food allergies or intolerances attending catered university residential colleges is increasing, and safe dining options are required to minimize the risk of allergic reactions and food-induced death. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative research study sought to advance professional knowledge of the factors affecting allergen management practices, particularly pertaining to college foodservices. DESIGN: Three catered residential colleges affiliated with a major university in New Zealand were selected as research sites...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674721/attitude-of-the-saudi-community-towards-heart-donation-transplantation-and-artificial-hearts
#12
Waleed AlHabeeb, Fakhr AlAyoubi, Adel Tash, Leenah AlAhmari, Khalid F AlHabib
To understand the attitudes of the Saudi population towards heart donation and transplantation. Methods: A survey using a questionnaire addressing attitudes towards organ transplantation and donation was conducted across 18 cities in Saudi Arabia between September 2015 and March 2016.  Results: A total of 1250 respondents participated in the survey. Of these, approximately 91% agree with the concept of organ transplantation but approximately 17% do not agree with the concept of heart transplantation; 42...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658025/determinants-of-receiving-palliative-care-and-ventilator-withdrawal-among-patients-with-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation
#13
Yang-Ching Chen, Hsien-Yu Fan, J Randall Curtis, Oscar Kuang-Sheng Lee, Chih-Kuang Liu, Sheng-Jean Huang
OBJECTIVES: Increasing numbers of patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation generates a tremendous strain on healthcare systems. Patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation suffer from long-term poor quality of life. However, no study has ever explored the willingness to receive palliative care or terminal withdrawal and the factors influencing willingness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Five different hospitals of Taipei City Hospital system...
June 27, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639775/-%C3%A2-living-facing-death-improving-lausanne-s-medical-students-%C3%A2-attitude-toward-end-of-life-issues
#14
Emmanuel Tamchès, Lazare Benaroyo, Marc Antoine Bornet, Jean-Pierre Hornung, Gian Domenico Borasio
The optional course « Living facing death » is the result of an innovative educational approach jointly developed by CHUV's Palliative Care Service, Lausanne's School of Medicine, Medical Ethics Unit and the students' association « Doctors & Death ». It is intended for 3rd and 4th grade medical students and was inspired by previous experiences conducted at Harvard Medical School. Its primary objective is to help students to « take some distances ». A mixed quantitative/qualitative satisfaction questionnaire was administered to all participating students at the completion of the course...
May 24, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635040/verbal-communication-of-families-with-cancer-patients-at-end-of-life-a-questionnaire-survey-with-bereaved-family-members
#15
Kazuhiro Nakazato, Mariko Shiozaki, Kei Hirai, Tatsuya Morita, Ryuhei Tatara, Kaori Ichihara, Shinichi Sato, Megumi Simizu, Satoru Tuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyasita
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the verbal communication of feelings between families and patients in Japanese palliative care units (PCUs) from the perspective of bereaved family members by examining (1) proportions of families' and patients' verbalization of six feelings (gratitude, love, seeking forgiveness, giving forgiveness, wishes after death, and continuing bonds),(2) recognition of receiving these feelings through verbalization from the family's perspective, and (3) the specific attitudes of family members that influence their verbalizations...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633554/belief-in-life-after-death-and-attitudes-toward-voluntary-euthanasia
#16
Shane Sharp
Research has documented associations among religious affiliation, religious practice, and attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia, yet very few studies have investigated how particular religious beliefs influence these attitudes. I use data from the General Social Survey (GSS; N = 19,967) to evaluate the association between the belief in life after death and attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. I find that those who believe in life after death are significantly less likely than those who do not believe in life after death or those who doubt the existence of life after death to have positive attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#17
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631279/nurses-attitudes-and-knowledge-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-and-transplantation-in-a-provincial-hospital-a-descriptive-and-multivariate-analysis
#18
Maria Del Mar Lomero, María F Jiménez-Herrera, Maria José Rasero, Alberto Sandiumenge
The attitudes and knowledge of nursing personnel regarding organ and tissue donation can influence the decision to donate. This study aimed to determine these two factors among nurses at a district hospital in Barcelona, Spain. A survey was carried out using a 35 item questionnaire. Results were subjected to descriptive and comparative statistical analyses using bivariate and multivariate analyses to examine the relation between demographic data and attitudes toward donation. The completion rate was 68.2%, with 98...
June 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#19
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628073/evaluating-the-need-for-organ-donation-and-transplant-related-education-in-nursing-curricula
#20
Annette Cerrato, Emerson Ea, Peter Flom
Transplant education has been historically unstructured and inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to measure nursing students' knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation, allocation, and preparation for practice using a modified version of the Organ Donation Attitude Questionnaire II-Student Version. Scores were low, particularly regarding brain death and organ allocation. Preparedness for practice was related to knowledge of brain death (z = 2.05, p = .04); knowledge (t = 2.24, p = .03) and attitude (t = 7...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
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