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death attitude

Nidal Abukhaizaran, Mohammed Hashem, Osama Hroub, Souad Belkebir, Khaled Demyati
BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation is the treatment of choice for organ failure, but organs are scarce and their availability is affected by relational ties, religious beliefs, cultural influences, body integrity, medical mistrust, and other factors. This aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Palestinian population with respect to organ donation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used a validated questionnaire delivered by land telephone to collect data on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to organ donation in the general population of the West Bank...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Sophie Emilia Huttmann, Friederike Sophie Magnet, Christian Karagiannidis, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL), life satisfaction, living conditions, patients' attitudes towards life and death, expectations, beliefs and unmet needs are all poorly understood aspects associated with patients receiving invasive home mechanical ventilation (HMV) following ICU treatment and unsuccessful weaning. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess (1) HRQL, (2) life satisfaction and (3) patients' perspectives on life and death associated with invasive HMV as the consequence of unsuccessful weaning...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of certified nurse-midwives related to sudden infant death syndrome and infant safe sleep. However, this population is an important and trusted source of information for pregnant women and may provide guidance on infant care. We explored these topics with certified nurse-midwives to identify potential barriers as well as enabling and reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal health care environment...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Pelin Corman Dincer, Deniz Birtan, Mustafa Kemal Arslantas, Gulbin Tore Altun, Hilmi Omer Ayanoglu
OBJECTIVES: Organ donation is the most important stage for organ transplant. Studies reveal that attitudes of families of brain-dead patients toward donation play a significant role in their decision. We hypothesized that supporting family awareness about the meaning of organ donation, including saving lives while losing a loved one, combined with being informed about brain death and the donation process must be maintained by intensive care unit physicians through standardized interviews and questionnaires to increase the donation rate...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Sikhumbuzo A Mabunda, Leslie London, David Pienaar
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive primary healthcare (PHC) approach requires clear referral and continuity of care pathways. South Africa is a lower-middle income country (LMIC) that lacks data on the role of intermediate care (IC) services in the health system. This study described the model of service provision at one facility in Cape Town, including reason for admission, the mix of services and skills provided and needed, patient satisfaction, patient outcome and articulation with other services across the spectrum of care...
May 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Jordana L Burdon Bailey, Luke Gamble, Andrew D Gibson, Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Ian G Handel, Richard J Mellanby, Stella Mazeri
Rabies is an important neglected disease, which kills around 59,000 people a year. Over a third of these deaths are in children less than 15 years of age. Almost all human rabies deaths in Africa and Asia are due to bites from infected dogs. Despite the high efficacy of current rabies vaccines, awareness about rabies preventive healthcare is often low in endemic areas. It is therefore common for educational initiatives to be conducted in conjunction with other rabies control activities such as mass dog vaccination, however there are few examples where the efficacy of education activities has been assessed...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Sagrario Pérez-de la Cruz, Amelia Victoria García-Luengo
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and attitudes of students of health sciences faculties (medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy) regarding specific issues related to death and end of life in both professional and personal realms. A descriptive, cross-sectional, and multi-center approach was used. The modified Bugen Scale for facing death was used. The study population (411 students) encompassed three distinct groups: students from the degrees of medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy. In total, 12 items showed significant differences between the three groups...
March 9, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Elodie Pajot, María Teresa Muñoz Sastre, Etienne Mullet
OBJECTIVE: The study mapped French people's views regarding the acceptability of posthumous reproduction. BACKGROUND: Posthumous reproduction - the use of a deceased person's gametes for procreative purposes -is a controversial procedure because it involves a series of ethical issues, namely the surviving partner's rights to procreation, the emotional feelings and financial interests of other family members, and the government's interest in maintaining orderly inheritance rules...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Sotiria Kostopoulou, Efi Parpa, Eleni Tsilika, Stylianos Katsaragakis, Irene Papazoglou, Anna Zygogianni, Antonis Galanos, Kyriaki Mystakidou
PURPOSE: The present study assesses the relationship between patient dignity in advanced cancer and the following variables: psychological distress, preparatory grief, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: The sample consisted of 120 patients with advanced cancer. The self-administered questionnaires were as follows: the Preparatory Grief in Advanced Cancer Patients (PGAC), the Patient Dignity Inventory-Greek (PDI-Gr), the Greek Schedule for Attitudes toward Hastened Death (G-SAHD), and the Greek version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (G-HADS)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
Madelyn S Gould, Alison M Lake, Marjorie Kleinman, Hanga Galfalvy, Saba Chowdhury, Alison Madnick
Adolescents' exposure to a peer's suicide has been found to be associated with, as well as to predict, suicidal ideation and behavior. Although postvention efforts tend to be school-based, little is known about the impact of a schoolmate's suicide on the school's student population overall. The present study seeks to determine whether there is excess psychological morbidity among students in a school where a schoolmate has died by suicide, and whether students' attitudes about coping and help-seeking strategies are more or less problematic in such schools...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Amanda J Simonton, Cara C Young, Richard A Brown
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are prevalent in the United States and costly to society. SUDs contribute significantly to decreased quality of life and overdose deaths. Physical activity (PA) interventions may be one efficacious method to improve recovery and long-term abstinence from substance use; although PA interventions have resulted in positive physical and psychological outcomes, their adherence and attrition rates have been problematic. To address lack of adherence and high attrition rates, it is important to understand the preferences and attitudes for PA among patients in SUD treatment...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Amanda F Dempsey, Sean T O'Leary
The burden of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections is substantial, causing thousands of cancers and deaths in the United States yearly. Safe and effective vaccines exist, yet remains underutilized, particularly among younger adolescents for whom the vaccine is targeted. Provider communication techniques are known to affect parents' and adolescents' acceptance of this vaccine. In this review, we examine the influence that provider communication techniques have on parental attitudes regarding HPV vaccine, as well as how those techniques affect vaccination uptake...
March 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Teresa A Rummans, M Caroline Burton, Nancy L Dawson
The opioid crisis that exists today developed over the past 30 years. The reasons for this are many. Good intentions to improve pain and suffering led to increased prescribing of opioids, which contributed to misuse of opioids and even death. Following the publication of a short letter to the editor in a major medical journal declaring that those with chronic pain who received opioids rarely became addicted, prescriber attitude toward opioid use changed. Opioids were no longer reserved for treatment of acute pain or terminal pain conditions but now were used to treat any pain condition...
March 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Kimberly Goodyear, Carolina L Haass-Koffler, David Chavanne
The stigma of drug addiction is associated with negative perceptions and can be a barrier to treatment. With the rise in opioid overdose deaths, understanding stigmatizing attitudes towards individuals who use opioids is a crucial matter. There is a lack of opioid use research on stigma and, therefore, we aimed to discern stigmatizing attitudes towards people with opioid addiction. A randomized, between-subjects case vignette study (n = 2605) was conducted with a nation-wide online survey. Participants rated a hypothetical individual addicted to opioids on different dimensions of stigma after seeing one version of a vignette that varied by three conditions: 1) a male versus a female, 2) an individual labeled as being a "drug addict" versus having an "opioid use disorder" and 3) an individual whose use started by taking prescription opioids from a friend versus receiving a prescription from a doctor...
February 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Melike Ayça Ay, Fatma Öz
BACKGROUND: Attitudes of nurses towards death and related concepts influence end-of-life care. Determining nurses' views and attitudes towards these concepts and the factors that affect them are necessary to ensure quality end-of-life care. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine nurses' views and attitudes about death, dying patient, euthanasia and the relationships between nurses' characteristics. METHODS: Participants consist of the nurses who volunteered to take part in this descriptive study from 25 hospitals (n = 340) which has a paediatric or adult intensive care unit and located within the boundaries of Ankara, Turkey...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
Zahra Sheikhalipour, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leili Borimnejad, Leila Valizadeh, Sarah Newton, Mohammad Shahbazi, Afshar Zomorrodi, Mojtaba Nazari
BACKGROUND: Awaiting organ transplantation can be stressful, and pretransplant candidates' religious and cultural beliefs can influence how they adapt to the stress. While little is known about the effect religious and cultural beliefs have on the pretransplant waiting period, virtually nothing is known regarding whether and how Shia Muslim patients' religious and cultural beliefs facilitate more positive patient outcomes while they await transplantation. Therefore, it is important for nurses and other health care providers to understand transplant candidates' experiences dealing with the stressors that present themselves during the pretransplant waiting period, especially how their religious and cultural beliefs affect their adaptation to the stressors...
February 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
Mercedes Bellido-Pérez, Iris Crespo, Keith G Wilson, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer, Cristina Monforte-Royo
INTRODUCTION: The Desire for Death Rating Scale (DDRS) and the short form of the Schedule of Attitudes toward Hastened Death (SAHD-5) are different approaches to assessing the wish to hasten death (WTHD). Both have clinical threshold scores for identifying individuals with a meaningfully elevated WTHD. However, the agreement between the two measures, and patient opinions about assessment of the WTHD, are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare the DDRS and SAHD-5 and to analyse patient opinions about assessment of the WTHD...
February 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Chaïma Ahaddour, Bert Broeckaert, Stef Van den Branden
This study aims to elicit the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward dying, death and the afterlife; to identify whether differences are observable between middle-aged and elderly participants and to document how the actual attitudes of our participants relate to normative Islamic literature. Interviews were conducted with middle-aged and elderly Moroccan women living in Belgium (n = 30) and with experts in the field (n = 15). This study reveals that the belief in an omnipotent and omniscient God and in an afterlife strongly marks the attitudes of first and second generation Muslims in Belgium towards life and death...
February 26, 2018: Death Studies
Sarah D Bennett, Sara A Lowther, Felix Chingoli, Benson Chilima, Storn Kabuluzi, Tracy L Ayers, Thomas A Warne, Eric Mintz
On May 2, 2009 an outbreak of typhoid fever began in rural villages along the Malawi-Mozambique border resulting in 748 illnesses and 44 deaths by September 2010. Despite numerous interventions, including distribution of WaterGuard (WG) for in-home water treatment and education on its use, cases of typhoid fever continued. To inform response activities during the ongoing Typhoid outbreak information on knowledge, attitudes, and practices surrounding typhoid fever, safe water, and hygiene were necessary to plan future outbreak interventions...
2018: PloS One
L Lewis Wall
OBJECTIVES: To review the historical background surrounding the early work of Dr. J. Marion Sims, who developed the first consistently successful surgical technique for the repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistulas by operating on a group of young, enslaved, African American women who had this condition between 1846 and 1849. METHODS: Review of primary source documents on Sims and his operations, early 19th century clinical literature on the treatment of vesicovaginal fistula, the introduction of ether and chloroform anesthesia into surgical practice, and the literature on the early 19th century medical ethics pertaining to surgical innovation...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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