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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775692/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-providing-medical-assistance-in-dying-a-qualitative-study
#1
Narges Khoshnood, Marie-Clare Hopwood, Bhadra Lokuge, Allison Kurahashi, Anastasia Tobin, Sarina Isenberg, Amna Husain
CONTEXT: MAiD allows a practitioner to administer or prescribe medication for the purpose of ending a patient's life. In 2016, Canada was the latest country, following several European countries and American states, to legalize physician-assisted death. Although some studies report on physician attitudes towards MAiD or describe patient characteristics, there are few that explore the professional challenges faced by physicians who provide MAiD. OBJECTIVES: To explore the professional challenges faced by Canadian physicians who provide MAiD...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774777/current-research-status-of-palliative-care-in-mainland-china
#2
Tao Wang, Alex Molassiotis, Betty Pui Man Chung, Jing-Yu Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain an overview of the current research status of palliative care in Mainland China and identify research directions for future studies by characterizing palliative care studies conducted among patients with any life-limiting illness in Mainland China and published in a peer-reviewed journal before November 2016. METHODS: A review guide with 7 categories was initially developed based on existing international palliative care definitions and guidelines through content analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774476/japanese-physicians-attitudes-toward-end-of-life-discussion-with-pediatric-patients-with-cancer
#3
Saran Yoshida, Chitose Ogawa, Ken Shimizu, Mariko Kobayashi, Hironobu Inoguchi, Yoshio Oshima, Chikako Dotani, Rika Nakahara, Masashi Kato
PURPOSE: We explored pediatricians' practices and attitudes concerning end-of-life discussions (EOLds) with pediatric patients with cancer, and identified the determinants of pediatricians' positive attitude toward having EOLds with pediatric patients. METHODS: A multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted with 127 pediatricians specializing in the treatment of pediatric cancer. RESULTS: Forty-two percent of participants reported that EOLds should be held with the young group of children (6-9 years old), 68% with the middle group (10-15 years old), and 93% with the old group (16-18 years old)...
May 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763841/nursing-and-midwifery-students-perceptions-of-spirituality-spiritual-care-and-spiritual-care-competency-a-prospective-longitudinal-correlational-european-study
#4
Linda Ross, Wilfred McSherry, Tove Giske, René van Leeuwen, Annemiek Schep-Akkerman, Tiburtius Koslander, Jenny Hall, Vibeke Østergaard Steenfeldt, Paul Jarvis
BACKGROUND: Nurses and midwives care for people at some of the most vulnerable moments of their lives, so it is essential that they have the skills to give care which is compassionate, dignified, holistic and person-centred. Holistic care includes spiritual care which is concerned with helping people whose beliefs, values and sense of meaning, purpose and connection is challenged by birth, illness or death. Spiritual care is expected of nurses/midwives but they feel least prepared for this part of their role...
May 9, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756557/barriers-to-end-of-life-discussions-among-hematologists-a-qualitative-study
#5
Chloé Prod'homme, Dominique Jacquemin, Licia Touzet, Regis Aubry, Serge Daneault, Laurent Knoops
BACKGROUND: Integrated palliative care is correlated with earlier end-of-life discussion and improved quality of life. Patients with haematological malignancies are far less likely to receive care from specialist palliative or hospice services compared to other cancers. AIM: The main goal of this study was to determine hematologists' barriers to end-of-life discussions when potentially fatal hematological malignancies recur. DESIGN: Qualitative grounded theory study using individual interviews...
May 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754123/psychiatry-trainees-attitudes-towards-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#6
M-I Kontaxaki, K Paplos, M Dasopoulou, V Kontaxakis
We investigated the attitudes towards Euthanasia (EUT) and Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS) in a sample of Greek Psychiatry trainees (PT), (n=120, mean age 32.01±0.21, male 60.0%) and compared these to those of medical trainees of other specialties (OMT), i.e. internal medicine, surgery, intensive care (n=154, mean age 32.97±1.17, male 57.1%). Most of the responders were for the acceptance of EUT and PAS under some circumstances. More often PT answer "never" in the question regarding the permission to withdraw life-sustaining medical treatment to hasten death, if that requested by a terminally ill patient (p<0...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741646/breast-cancer-screening-behavior-attitude-barriers-among-middle-aged-chinese-women-in-macao-china
#7
Yan Xiang Gan, Cheng-Kin Lao, Alexandre Chan
Background: Breast cancer is the third leading cause of death from cancer among females in Macao, but little is known about local practice of breast cancer screening. The study aims to evaluate breast cancer screening behaviors and to identify the predictors of insufficient knowledge and attitudes towards breast cancer and its screening among female residents. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from April to June 2016 in Macao. Quota sampling of women completed the modified Chinese Breast Cancer Screening Beliefs questionnaire (CBCSB) to assess their breast cancer-related perceptions, screening attitudes and behaviors...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740194/opinions-of-israeli-neonatologists-about-life-and-death-decisions-in-neonates
#8
Moshe Y Kasirer, Francis B Mimouni, Alona Bin-Nun, Michael S Schimmel
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the Israeli parliament passed the "law of dying patients" legalizing life and death decisions (do not resuscitate) in patients with life expectancy less than 6 months. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ethnic and religious backgrounds (both religion and religiosity) influence neonatologists' attitudes in simulated clinical situations and opinions about the new law. DESIGN/METHODS: Prospective design, using standard questionnaire sent to all 155 board-certified practising Israeli Neonatologists...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736869/muslim-physicians-and-palliative-care-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-palliative-sedation
#9
George Muishout, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Gerard Wiegers, Ulrike Popp-Baier
BACKGROUND: Muslim norms concerning palliative sedation can differ from secular and non-Muslim perceptions. Muslim physicians working in a Western environment are expected to administer palliative sedation when medically indicated. Therefore, they can experience tension between religious and medical norms. OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the professional experiences of Muslim physicians with palliative sedation in terms of religious and professional norms. DESIGN: Interpretative phenomenological study using semi-structured interviews to take a closer look at the experiences of Muslim physicians with palliative sedation...
May 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734289/the-impact-of-patient-navigation-on-diabetes
#10
Thomas M English, David Masom, Marilyn V Whitman
Diabetes is a growing concern in the United States as it is associated with increasing rates of mortality and morbidity, in addition to rising healthcare costs. It is the seventh-leading cause of death in the U.S. From 1980 through 2014, the number of Americans diagnosed with diabetes increased fourfold (from 5.5 million to 22 million). Consequently, costs associated with diabetes have soared to an estimated $245 billion, representing an average annual cost of approximately $13,700 per patient with diabetes...
May 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734279/patient-safety-climate-a-study-of-southern-california-healthcare-organizations
#11
Andre S Avramchuk, Stephen J J McGuire
Human error remains the most important factor in unnecessary deaths and suffering in U.S. hospitals. Human error results from healthcare providers' attitudes and behaviors toward patients in different settings. Therefore, taking periodic snapshots of the attitudes and behaviors prevalent in an organization and manifested in its patient safety climate (PSC) is essential.We developed and tested a short survey instrument intended as an organization-level measure of PSC with good psychometric properties that can be used in hospitals, clinics, or other healthcare provider settings...
May 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733062/actitud-del-personal-m%C3%A3-dico-de-un-servicio-de-pediatr%C3%A3-a-ante-la-muerte-de-los-pacientes
#12
Luz María Sánchez-Sánchez, Edreí Daniel López-Córdova, Pedro Siller-Gómez
Introducción: Los médicos de hospitales de tercer nivel requie-ren alta competencia emocional, ya que enfrentan las de-mandas de enfermos terminales y sus fami-liares. Objetivo: Evaluar la actitud de médicos de un servicio de pediatría ante la muerte de los pacientes. Método: Médicos adscritos y residentes de pediatría contestaron anónimamente el Cuestionario de Actitudes ante la Muerte (CAM). Se utilizaron frecuencias absolutas, porcentajes, medias, desviaciones estándar, t de Student y chi cuadrado...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731091/a-study-on-nursing-students-knowledge-attitude-and-educational-needs-for-brain-death-organ-transplantation-and-donation-and-intent-to-donate-organs
#13
M K Ju, M K Sim, S Y Son
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitude, educational needs, and will of nursing students on organ donation from brain-dead donors. METHODS: Data were collected by using a 40-item questionnaire to measure knowledge, attitude, educational needs, and will for organ donation of 215 nursing college students in one university in Dangjin city from May 11 to May 31, 2017. The data were analyzed using SPSS 22 program (Data Solution Inc, Seoul)...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731090/police-officers-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-brain-death-and-organ-donation-in-korea
#14
H S Kim, Y S Yoo, O-H Cho, C E Lee, Y-H Choi, H J Kim, J Y Park, H S Park, Y J Kwon
BACKGROUND: Administrative processing by the police may affect the process involved in organ donation in the event of an accidental brain injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of police toward brain-dead donors and organ donation. METHODS: This was a descriptive research study using a 41-item questionnaire. As of July 19, 2017, 11 police stations in Seoul had collected questionnaires completed by 115 police officers. Data were analyzed using SAS (version 9...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730000/the-role-of-language-in-suicide-reporting-investigating-the-influence-of-problematic-suicide-referents
#15
Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till
BACKGROUND: Although suicide experts recommend using neutral suicide referents in news media reporting, this recommendation has not yet been tested empirically. This recommendation, based on the empirically yet untested assumption that problematic suicide referents carry meaning that is inappropriate from a prevention perspective, may lead to a different perspective on suicide, termed "framing effects." For example, in German-speaking countries, the neutral term Suizid (suicide) is recommended...
February 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726121/meeting-the-urgent-need-for-rabies-education-in-haiti
#16
M O V Osinubi, N Fenelon, J L Dyer, R Franka, M Etheart, A Ali, M Birhane, N Phaimyr Jn Charles, A Destine, N Saleme, C Newman, K Crowdis, C Lutfy, C E Rupprecht, R M Wallace, V R Johnson
The highest rate of human rabies deaths reported in the Americas is in Haiti, and most of these deaths result from rabies virus infections that occur after individuals are bitten by infected dogs and do not receive rabies post-exposure prophylaxis. One barrier to rabies prevention in Haiti is a lack of knowledge about this disease among healthcare professionals and community members. During the past 4 years, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has collaborated with public health officials and partners to develop, test and refine educational materials aimed at filling this need for rabies education...
May 3, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701109/attitudes-toward-return-of-genetic-research-results-to-relatives-including-after-death-comparison-of-cancer-probands-blood-relatives-and-spouse-partners
#17
Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Susan M Wolf, Kari G Chaffee, Marguerite E Robinson, Noralane M Lindor, Deborah R Gordon, Barbara A Koenig, Gloria M Petersen
Genetic research generates results with implications for relatives. Recommendations addressing relatives' access to a participant's genetic research findings include eliciting participant preferences about access and choosing a representative to make decisions about access upon participant incapacity/death. Representatives are likely to be blood relatives or spouse/partners (who may share genetically related children). This raises the question of whether relatives hold similar attitudes about access or divergent attitudes that may yield conflict...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699054/prevalence-cognitive-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-prostate-cancer-screening
#18
Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Touraj Ahmadi-Jouybari, Masoumeh Vaezi, Farzad Jalilian
Screening may be effective for reducing deaths due to prostate cancer. The aim of this study was determine the prevalence and determinants influencing prostate cancer early detection behaviors based on the theory planned behavior (TPB). In this cross-sectional study, conducted in the west of Iran, a total of 250 men aged 50 to 70 years old were randomly selected to participate. Of these, 200 (80%) signed the consent form and voluntarily agreed to take part. A structured questionnaire based on TPB constructs was applied for collecting data by interview...
April 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682690/priorities-of-a-good-death-according-to-cancer-patients-their-family-caregivers-physicians-and-the-general-population-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Young Ho Yun, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Jin-Ah Sim, EunKyo Kang, Jihye Lee, Jiyeon Choo, Shin Hye Yoo, Miso Kim, Young Ae Kim, Beo Deul Kang, Hyun-Jeong Shim, Eun-Kee Song, Jung Hun Kang, Jung Hye Kwon, Jung Lim Lee, Soon Nam Lee, Chi Hoon Maeng, Eun Joo Kang, Young Rok Do, Yoon Seok Choi, Kyung Hae Jung
PURPOSE: Understanding the concept of a "good death" is crucial to end-of-life care, but our current understanding of what constitutes a good death is insufficient. Here, we investigated the components of a good death that are important to the general population, cancer patients, their families, and physicians. METHODS: We conducted a stratified nationwide cross-sectional survey of cancer patients and their families from 12 hospitals, physicians from 12 hospitals and the Korean Medical Association, and the general population, investigating their attitudes toward 10 good-death components...
April 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679433/students-attitudes-to-suicide-and-suicidal-persons-a-cross-national-and-cultural-comparison-between-turkey-and-united-kingdom
#20
Chris Flood, Mualla Yilmaz, Louise Phillips, Tracy Lindsay, Mehmet Eskin, Janet Hiley, Bahar Tasdelen
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health issue internationally and the impact of positive or negative attitudes amongst the mental health professional workforce warrants scrutiny. The study aimed to examine English and Turkish nursing students' attitudes towards people with suicidal behaviour. METHOD: This cross-cultural study reports on attitudes of 240 nursing students towards suicide in Turkey and 82 nursing students in the UK. A reliable and valid twenty-four item 'Attitudes towards Suicide Scale' and 'Social Reactions to Suicidal Persons Scale' were used to measure attitudes...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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