keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical update

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677993/shared-medical-imaging-repositories
#1
Rui Lebre, Luís Bastião, Carlos Costa
This article describes the implementation of a solution for the integration of ownership concept and access control over medical imaging resources, making possible the centralization of multiple instances of repositories. The proposed architecture allows the association of permissions to repository resources and delegation of rights to third entities. It includes a programmatic interface for management of proposed services, made available through web services, with the ability to create, read, update and remove all components resulting from the architecture...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677309/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#2
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675745/a-proposal-for-an-atypical-femur-fracture-treatment-and-prevention-clinical-practice-guideline
#3
REVIEW
R Dell, D Greene
The prevention as well as the treatment of atypical femur fractures (AFFs) remains controversial but there have been many clinical recommendations suggested. We have summarized these recommendations as well as expanded upon them in this paper. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the paper was to develop a clinical practice guideline that both treats AFF and decreases the risk of AFF in patients requiring antiresorptive medications. Examples of these medications include bisphosphonates and denosumab for the treatment of osteoporosis...
April 19, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673431/the-aeromedical-management-of-allergic-rhinitis
#4
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Charles Reese, Alaistair Bushby, Berit H Munkeby, Sébastien Coste, Višnja Livajić Pezer, Lars Rosenkvist
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis is a prevalent condition warranting special aeromedical consideration due to its potential for acute and painful manifestations involving the middle ear or paranasal sinuses during rapid barometric pressure changes. Although second generation antihistamines and intranasal steroids are safe and effective treatments for this common condition, aeromedical management varies. METHODS: An aeromedical policy review of 14 public access civil and military data repositories was undertaken...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671864/treatment-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-recommendations-for-medical-emergency-teams-focus-on-antiplatelet-therapies-updated-experts-standpoint
#5
Jacek Kubica, Piotr Adamski, Przemysław Paciorek, Jerzy R Ładny, Zbigniew Kalarus, Waldemar Banasiak, Wacław Kochman, Jarosław Gorący, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon, Eliano Pio Navarese, Andrzej Kleinrok, Robert Gil, Maciej Lesiak, Jarosław Drożdż, Aldona Kubica, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Jarosław Kaźmierczak, Aleksander Goch, Stefan Grajek, Andrzej Basiński, Łukasz Szarpak, Grzegorz Grześk, Piotr Hoffman, Wojciech Wojakowski, Zbigniew Gąsior, Sławomir Dobrzycki, Jolanta M Siller-Matula, Adam Witkowski, Wiktor Kuliczkowski, Marcin Gruchała, Dariusz Timler, Grzegorz Opolski, Dariusz Dudek, Jacek Legutko, Marzenna Zielińska, Jarosław Wójcik
A group of Polish experts in cardiology and emergency medicine, encouraged by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines, have recently published common recommendations for medical emergency teams regarding the pre-hospital management of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Due to the recent publication of the 2017 ESC guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation and 2017 focused update on dual antiplatelet therapy in coronary artery disease the current panel of experts decided to update the previous standpoint...
April 19, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671145/nephrotoxicity-of-ciprofloxacin-five-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Meriam Hajji, Hela Jebali, Aymen Mrad, Yassine Blel, Nozha Brahmi, Rania Kheder, Soumaya Beji, Lilia Ben Fatma, Wided Smaoui, Madiha Krid, Fethi Ben Hmida, Lamia Rais, Mohammed Karim Zouaghi
Fluoroquinolones are usually well tolerated with a minimum of serious adverse effects; renal toxicity is uncommon. Apart from the renal side effects of ciprofloxacin, we aimed to highlight the renal impact of a ciprofloxacin overdose, and thus conducted a prospective study in the Department of Nephrology at La Rabta Hospital between 2010 and 2015. The cohort database was continually updated until the inclusion of five patients who were subjected to an overdose and who were initially admitted to the medical intensive care unit and then transferred to our department for acute renal failure (ARF) due to ciprofloxacin ingestion requiring urgent hemodialysis...
April 18, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671077/infantile-spasms-have-we-made-progress
#7
REVIEW
Sarah Aminoff Kelley, Kelly G Knupp
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The care of children with infantile spasms is full of areas of ambiguity, despite practice parameters and randomized trials. This review is to update the current care of children with infantile spasms. RECENT FINDINGS: Several recent studies have generated new data to guide management including a randomized trial supporting combination therapy of hormone treatment and vigabatrin as an initial treatment for infantile spasms. Studies have suggested that we are not consistent in our recognition of hypsarrhythmia, while additional studies suggest that the presence or absence of this pattern may not have any predictive value...
April 19, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669175/antidepressants-for-preventing-postnatal-depression
#8
REVIEW
Emma Molyneaux, Laurence A Telesia, Carol Henshaw, Elizabeth Boath, Eleanor Bradley, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in the postnatal period and can lead to adverse effects on the infant and wider family, in addition to the morbidity for the mother. It is not clear whether antidepressants are effective for the prevention of postnatal depression and little is known about possible adverse effects for the mother and infant, particularly during breastfeeding. This is an update of a Cochrane Review last published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antidepressant medication for the prevention of postnatal depression, in comparison with any other treatment, placebo or standard care...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668190/bedsharing-at-home-breastfeeding-and-sudden-infant-death-recommendations-for-health-professionals
#9
Alejandro Jenik, Roxana Conti
The Sudden and Unexpected Infant Death Task Force together with the Subcommittee on Breastfeeding of the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría have issued updated recommendations on bedsharing with the parents, a practice which remains controversial. Sleeping with the mother maximizes breastfeeding, which is protective against Sudden Infant Death. There is a small group of infants that have been associated with an increased risk of Sudden Infant Death and fatal sleeping accidents in certain circumstances. These hazards include parental smoking, sedating drugs or medication and alcohol consumption prior to sleep and sofa sharing situations...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667789/updates-and-controversies-in-the-management-of-acute-optic-neuritis
#10
Ethan Meltzer, Sashank Prasad
Optic neuritis remains a common diagnosis with controversial management. Although typical optic neuritis is often associated with "good" recovery of visual acuity, patients are often left with persistent impairments of contrast sensitivity, color vision, and visual field. These permanent visual deficits correlate with structural injury to the anterior visual pathway and are closely linked to visual quality of life. High dose corticosteroids are commonly used for patients with acute optic neuritis...
April 18, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667703/diagnosis-and-management-practices-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#11
Nina Meloncelli, Adrian Barnett, Fiona Pelly, Susan de Jersey
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common pregnancy disorders; however, if well managed, women with GDM experience similar pregnancy outcomes to those without. Currently, there is limited evidence on actual management practices across Australia or how multidisciplinary teams interact to optimise care. AIMS: To examine the current screening, diagnostic, task and role perceptions and management practices, as reported by members of the GDM multidisciplinary team...
April 18, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667217/secondary-prostate-cancer-screening-outcomes-by-race-in-the-prostate-lung-colorectal-and-ovarian-plco-screening-trial
#12
Eric A Miller, Paul F Pinsky, Amanda Black, Gerald L Andriole, Dudith Pierre-Victor
BACKGROUND: Despite disparities in prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates between black and white men, there is still insufficient data available to assess potential differences in the benefits and harms of prostate cancer screening by race. Although the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Screening Trial is underpowered to detect a difference by race in prostate-cancer specific mortality, because of the large study size, there are still sufficient numbers to examine secondary screening outcomes...
April 17, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666814/digital-chest-tomosynthesis-the-2017-updated-review-of-an-emerging-application
#13
REVIEW
Arianna Ferrari, Luca Bertolaccini, Piergiorgio Solli, Paola Oriana Di Salvia, David Scaradozzi
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death and second most common cancer among both men and women, but most of them are detected when patients become symptomatic and in late-stage. Chest radiography (CR) is a basic technique for the investigation of lung cancer and has the benefit of convenience and low radiation dose, but detection of malignancy is often difficult. The introduction of computed tomography (CT) for screening has increased the proportion of lung cancer detected but with higher exposure dose and higher costs...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665943/-interpretation-of-the-guidance-for-immune-thrombocytopenia-review
#14
Xiao-Yang Yang, Meng-Jie Wan, Fang-Ping Chen
Since the American Medical Association published the 2011 guidelines for immune thrombocytopenia, China has been the first to update the guidelines for immune thrombocytopenia based on evidence-based medicine. Recently, there have been many breakthroughs in clinical research published, especially the Chinese medical workers have made a prominent contribution to the treatment of the immune thrombocytopenia. However, the references of systematic drug introduction for children, adults, aged and pregnant women are still insufficient, and the first or second line treatment for some patients were ineffective...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664162/a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-stem-cell-therapy-for-chronic-angina
#15
Rahman Shah, Samuel B Latham, Sajjad A Khan, Muhammad Shahreyar, Inyong Hwang, Ion S Jovin
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of patients with coronary artery disease do not achieve complete revascularization and continue to experience refractory angina despite optimal medical therapy. Recently, stem cell therapy has emerged as a potential therapeutic option for these patients. However, findings of individual trials have been scrutinized because of their small sample sizes and lack of statistical power. Therefore, we conducted an updated comprehensive meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with the largest sample size ever reported on this subject...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663969/adherence-to-infective-endocarditis-prevention-guidelines-by-israeli-dentists-who-treat-children
#16
Nili Tickotsky, Sarit Faibis, Geula Gellman, Michael Shoshani, Yael Kutiner, Moti Moskovitz
PURPOSE: To examine the rate of adherence of Israeli dentists who treat children and their rate of adherence, in 2010-2011 and in 2016, to changes made to the 2008 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for endocarditis prevention. METHODS: A questionnaire on adherence to AHA guidelines was handed out in two consecutive continuing education courses in 2010-2011 and again in 2016. Data were analyzed using student's t test, chi-square, and analysis of variance...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663425/experimental-investigation-of-linac-angles-and-floor-scatter-dose-contributions-using-cherenkov-imaging-improving-total-skin-electron-therapy-treatment-geometries
#17
Jacqueline M Andreozzi, Petr Brůža, Irwin I Tendler, Karen E Mooney, Lesley A Jarvis, Jochen Cammin, Harold Li, Brian W Pogue, David J Gladstone
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the optimal treatment geometry for total skin electron therapy (TSET) using a new optimization metric from Cherenkov image analysis, and to investigate the sensitivity of the Cherenkov imaging method to floor scatter effects in this unique treatment setup. METHODS: Cherenkov imaging using an intensified charge coupled device (ICCD) was employed to measure the relative surface dose distribution as a 2D image in the total skin electron treatment plane...
April 16, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663088/updates-in-the-metabolic-management-of-calcium-stones
#18
REVIEW
Kristina L Penniston, Stephen Y Nakada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urinary risk factors, such as hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia, and hyperoxaluria, either in combination or alone, are associated with calcium stones. Dietary habits as well as underlying medical conditions can influence urinary risk factors. Evaluation of the conglomerate of patients' stone risks provides evidence for individualized medical management, an effective and patient-supported approach to prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Many patients with stones desire prevention to avoid repeated surgical interventions...
April 16, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662832/hong-kong-consensus-statements-for-the-management-of-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Tom Tan-To Cheung, Philip Chong-Hei Kwok, Stephen Chan, Chin-Cheung Cheung, Ann-Shing Lee, Victor Lee, Hoi-Ching Cheng, Nam-Hung Chia, Charing C N Chong, Tak-Wing Lai, Ada L Y Law, Mai-Yee Luk, Chi Chung Tong, Thomas C C Yau
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is highly prevalent in Hong Kong due to the high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B infection. Liver cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the third most common cause of cancer death. Due to the high case load, there is a high level of local expertise in treating HCC, and the full spectrum of treatment modalities is available. This document summarizes how these modalities should be used based on the latest evidence. Summary: In 2 meetings held in early 2017, a multidisciplinary group of Hong Kong clinicians, including liver surgeons, interventional radiologists, clinical oncologists, and medical oncologists, met to update local consensus statements for management of HCC...
March 2018: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662294/application-of-enhanced-recovery-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-an-updated-meta-analysis
#20
Liu-Hua Wang, Ren-Fei Zhu, Cheng Gao, Shou-Lin Wang, Li-Zong Shen
AIM: To provide an updated assessment of the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in elective gastric cancer (GC) surgery. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, World Health Organization International Trial Register, and Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2017 for all available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ERAS protocols and standard care (SC) in GC surgery. Thirteen RCTs, with a total of 1092 participants, were analyzed in this study, of whom 545 underwent ERAS protocols and 547 received SC treatment...
April 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
keyword
keyword
80650
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"