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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924552/what-is-behavioural-medicine-commentary-on-definition-proposed-by-dekker-stauder-and-penedo
#1
Marie Johnston, Derek Johnston
PURPOSE: Dekker et al. (2016) propose an updated definition of behavioural medicine. METHOD: In this commentary, we discuss how the field and the disciplines involved have changed over time before suggesting small amendments to the proposed definition. RESULTS: We suggest that the range of medicine which might be considered 'behavioural' is increasing to encompass virtually all medical practice. In addition, the role of behaviour and the potential for behaviour change as a means of improving health have become increasingly important...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924039/flyrnai-org-the-database-of-the-drosophila-rnai-screening-center-and-transgenic-rnai-project-2017-update
#2
Yanhui Hu, Aram Comjean, Charles Roesel, Arunachalam Vinayagam, Ian Flockhart, Jonathan Zirin, Lizabeth Perkins, Norbert Perrimon, Stephanie E Mohr
The FlyRNAi database of the Drosophila RNAi Screening Center (DRSC) and Transgenic RNAi Project (TRiP) at Harvard Medical School and associated DRSC/TRiP Functional Genomics Resources website (http://fgr.hms.harvard.edu) serve as a reagent production tracking system, screen data repository, and portal to the community. Through this portal, we make available protocols, online tools, and other resources useful to researchers at all stages of high-throughput functional genomics screening, from assay design and reagent identification to data analysis and interpretation...
October 23, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922506/coding-in-muscle-disease
#3
Lyell K Jones, John P Ney
Accurate coding is critically important for clinical practice and research. Ongoing changes to diagnostic and billing codes require the clinician to stay abreast of coding updates. Payment for health care services, data sets for health services research, and reporting for medical quality improvement all require accurate administrative coding. This article provides an overview of administrative coding for patients with muscle disease and includes a case-based review of diagnostic and Evaluation and Management (E/M) coding principles in patients with myopathy...
December 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922153/-radioiodine-therapy-for-benign-thyroid-diseases-version-5-german-guideline
#4
Markus Dietlein, Frank Grünwald, Matthias Schmidt, Peter Schneider, Frederik A Verburg, Markus Luster
The version 5 of the guideline for radioiodine therapy of benign thyroid disorders is an update of the version 4, which was published by the German Society of Nuclear Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nuklearmedizin, DGN) in co-ordination with the German Society of Endocrinology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Endokrinologie, DGE, Sektion Schilddrüse) and the German Society of General- and Visceral-Surgery (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie, DGAV) in 2007. This guideline was harmonized with the recommendations of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM)...
December 6, 2016: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921381/cost-analysis-of-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-west-africa
#5
Sheila Isanaka, Nicolas A Menzies, Jessica Sayyad, Mudasiru Ayoola, Rebecca F Grais, Stéphane Doyon
We present an updated cost analysis to provide new estimates of the cost of providing community-based treatment for severe acute malnutrition, including expenditure shares for major cost categories. We calculated total and per child costs from a provider perspective. We categorized costs into three main activities (outpatient treatment, inpatient treatment, and management/administration) and four cost categories within each activity (personnel; therapeutic food; medical supplies; and infrastructure and logistical support)...
December 5, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919877/pharmacist-driven-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylaxis-stewardship-service-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Sara E Rostas, Christopher McPherson
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a pharmacist-driven respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis stewardship program in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are described. SUMMARY: An RSV prophylaxis stewardship service was created in the NICU at Brigham and Women's Hospital to align with the newly updated 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for palivizumab. The service comprised two NICU clinical pharmacists with oversight from the NICU medical director and the chair of the NICU infection control committee...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919521/unsolved-forgotten-and-ignored-features-of-the-placebo-response-in-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Paul Enck, Sibylle Klosterhalfen, Katja Weimer
PURPOSE: We aimed to identify topics of research that have been neglected, undervalued, or overseen in the past 2 decades of placebo/nocebo research. METHODS: A highly specialized literature database containing >3200 articles on the placebo or nocebo effects or response was screened for articles covering placebo effects in nutrition, sports medicine, physical therapy, and psychotherapy; for article covering gender, age, and culture as influencing factors; for articles dealing with long-term outcome, multimodality; and for articles related to technical (eHealth, mHealth) aspects of placebo effects...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915966/hepatitis-c-virus-in-the-renal-transplant-population-an-update-with-focus-on-the-new-era-of-antiviral-regimens
#8
Osama Gheith, Medhat A Halim, Nashwa Othman, Torki Al-Otaibi, Prasad Nair, Naryanan Nampoory
Chronic hepatitis C virus infection is a global health problem, especially among renal transplant recipients. Herein, we present an overview of hepatitis C virus among renal transplant patients, with a focus on some updated aspects concerning types of viral genotypes, methods of diagnosis, the effects of renal transplant on hepatitis C virus infection, and summary of hepatitis C virus-related complications after renal transplant. We also discuss patient and graft survival rates and the present and future therapeutic options with special focus on new antiviral and possible interactions with immunosuppressive medications...
December 2, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914688/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-epidemiology-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-united-states-australia-and-new-zealand
#9
REVIEW
Cairistin McDougall, Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: Past publications have highlighted an excess rheumatic disease incidence and prevalence in indigenous populations of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis), and the United States of America (Alaska Native and American Indian). We have updated these reviews and expanded the scope to include New Zealand (Maori) and Australia (Aborigine) indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a broad search using medical literature databases, indigenous specific online indexes, and government websites to identify publications reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of arthritis conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, gout, osteoarthritis, systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) in the indigenous populations of Canada, America, New Zealand, and Australia...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914632/the-us-food-and-drug-administration-s-risk-evaluation-and-mitigation-strategy-rems-program-current-status-and-future-direction
#10
Jasmanda Wu, Juhaeri Juhaeri
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Amendments Act of 2007 granted the FDA new authorities to enhance drug safety by requiring application holders to submit a proposed Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS). A REMS is a required risk management plan that uses tools beyond the package insert. REMS elements may include a medication guide and patient package insert for patients and a communication plan focused on health care professionals. Elements to assure safe use (ETASUs) are put in place to mitigate a specific known serious risk when other less restrictive elements of a REMS are not sufficient to mitigate such risk...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913580/responding-to-challenges-for-people-with-psychotic-illness-updated-evidence-from-the-survey-of-high-impact-psychosis
#11
REVIEW
Vera A Morgan, Anna Waterreus, Vaughan Carr, David Castle, Martin Cohen, Carol Harvey, Cherrie Galletly, Andrew Mackinnon, Patrick McGorry, John J McGrath, Amanda L Neil, Suzy Saw, Johanna C Badcock, Debra L Foley, Geoff Waghorn, Sarah Coker, Assen Jablensky
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to summarise recent findings from the 2010 Australian Survey of High Impact Psychosis (SHIP) and examine their implications for future policy and planning to improve mental health, physical health and other circumstances of people with a psychotic disorder. METHODS: Survey of High Impact Psychosis collected nationally representative data on 1825 people with psychotic illness. Over 60 papers have been published covering key challenges reported by participants: financial problems, loneliness and social isolation, unemployment, poor physical health, uncontrolled symptoms of mental illness, and lack of stable, suitable housing...
December 1, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913373/mobile-phone-apps-to-improve-medication-adherence-a-systematic-stepwise-process-to-identify-high-quality-apps
#12
Karla Santo, Sarah S Richtering, John Chalmers, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: There are a growing number of mobile phone apps available to support people in taking their medications and to improve medication adherence. However, little is known about how these apps differ in terms of features, quality, and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review the medication reminder apps available in the Australian iTunes store and Google Play to assess their features and their quality in order to identify high-quality apps...
December 2, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910294/medication-management-in-the-older-adult-a-narrative-exploration
#13
Johnanna Hernandez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the meaning nurse practitioners (NPs) ascribed to personal experiences providing care to older adults who take multiple medications to manage complex conditions. The study illuminated the NP experience in caring for the older adult while addressing the complexities of medication management through narrative stories in practice. METHODS: NPs self-identifying as caring for older adults were interviewed (N=15)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910177/comparison-of-pharmacy-based-and-diagnosis-based-comorbidity-measures-from-medical-administrative-data
#14
Sébastien Cortaredona, Elodie Pambrun, Hélène Verdoux, Pierre Verger
PURPOSE: Health status is sometimes quantified by chronic condition (CC) scores calculated from medical administrative data. We sought to modify two pharmacy-based comorbidity measures and compare their performance in predicting hospitalization and/or death. The reference was a diagnosis-based score. METHODS: One of the two measures applied an updated approach linking specific ATC codes of dispensed drugs to 22 CCs; the other used a list of 37 drug categories, without linking them to specific CCs...
December 2, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909612/nonsurgical-treatment-options-in-peyronie-s-disease-2016-update
#15
REVIEW
Raidh A Talib, Mohammed Abdulkareem Ibrahim, Önder Cangüven
Peyronie's disease (PD) is an inflammatory condition of penile tunica albuginea which commonly ends with penile curvature and difficulty in vaginal penetration. Unfortunately, the pathophysiology of PD has not been completely understood. In this paper, we will review what is known about the pathophysiology of PD and the nonsurgical medical treatment options that have been trialed as a result. In the last 5 years, commonly used oral medications left their places to intralesional therapies. Clostridium collagenase, which is the only Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved treatment for PD, is now the most prescribed intralesional therapy in the last years...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908273/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-features-of-nanoemulsion-following-oral-intravenous-topical-and-nasal-route
#16
Hira Choudhury, Bapi Gorain, Bappaditya Chatterjee, Uttam Kumar Mandal, Pinaki Sengupta, Rakesh Kumar Tekade
Most of the active pharmaceutical ingredients discovered recently in pharmaceutical field exhibits poor aqueous solubility that pose major problem in their oral administration. The oral administration of these drugs gets further complicated due to their short bioavailability, inconsistent absorption and inter/intra subject variability. Pharmaceutical emulsion holds a significant place as a primary choice of oral drug delivery system for lipophilic drugs used in pediatric and geriatric patients. Pharmacokinetic studies on nanoemulsion mediated drugs delivery approach indicates practical feasibility in regards to their clinical translation and commercialization...
December 1, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908266/is-metformin-a-perfect-drug-updates-in-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics
#17
Magdalena Markowicz-Piasecka, Kristiina Maria Huttunen, Łukasz Mateusiak, Elżbieta Mikiciuk-Olasik, Joanna Sikora
Metformin, a synthetic biguanide, is currently one of the most frequently recommended medications for type 2 diabetes treatment around the world. In this review, we present the latest discoveries in the pharmacokinetics of metformin, especially the role of transporters (e.g. Organic Cation Transporters OCTs, Multidrug and Toxin Extrusion transporters MATE) in oral absorption, distribution, elimination and biochemical effects of metformin in humans. We also review the associations between genetic variations of metformin transporters, their pharmacokinetics and drug efficacy or drug responses...
December 1, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907271/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-in-the-dsm-5-era
#18
Joel L Young, David W Goodman
Objective: To increase awareness of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the primary care community and to provide guidance for the management of this condition. Despite its increasing prevalence, adult ADHD largely remains underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated in the United States. The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has provided more clear diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD, but a solid framework supporting the transition of ADHD management from pediatric to adult primary care is lacking...
November 17, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907210/assessing-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-community-dwelling-older-patients-using-the-updated-version-of-stopp-start-criteria-a-comparison-of-profiles-and-prevalences-with-respect-to-the-original-version
#19
Encarnación Blanco-Reina, Maria Rosa García-Merino, Ricardo Ocaña-Riola, Lorena Aguilar-Cano, Jennifer Valdellós, Inmaculada Bellido-Estévez, Gabriel Ariza-Zafra
Emerging and changing evidence made it necessary to update STOPP-START criteria, and version 2 was published recently. In this study the objectives were to determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication prescribing (PIM) in primary care using STOPP versions 1 (v1) and 2 (v2), as well as 2012 AGS Beers criteria, and analyze the factors associated with inappropriate prescribing according to STOPP/START v2. A cross-sectional study was carried out including community-dwelling older adults over the age of 65...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906531/medicare-program-revisions-to-payment-policies-under-the-physician-fee-schedule-and-other-revisions-to-part-b-for-cy-2017-medicare-advantage-bid-pricing-data-release-medicare-advantage-and-part-d-medical-loss-ratio-data-release-medicare-advantage-provider-network
#20
(no author information available yet)
This major final rule addresses changes to the physician fee schedule and other Medicare Part B payment policies, such as changes to the Value Modifier, to ensure that our payment systems are updated to reflect changes in medical practice and the relative value of services, as well as changes in the statute. This final rule also includes changes related to the Medicare Shared Savings Program, requirements for Medicare Advantage Provider Networks, and provides for the release of certain pricing data from Medicare Advantage bids and of data from medical loss ratio reports submitted by Medicare health and drug plans...
November 15, 2016: Federal Register
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