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Filipino male

Melecia Wright, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Michelle A Mendez, Linda Adair
No study has analysed how protein intake from early childhood to young adulthood relate to adult BMI in a single cohort. To estimate the association of protein intake at 2, 11, 15, 19 and 22 years with age- and sex-standardised BMI at 22 years (early adulthood), we used linear regression models with dietary and anthropometric data from a Filipino birth cohort (1985-2005, n 2586). We used latent growth curve analysis to identify trajectories of protein intake relative to age-specific recommended daily allowance (intake in g/kg body weight) from 2 to 22 years, then related trajectory membership to early adulthood BMI using linear regression models...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
Calen P Ryan, Alexander V Georgiev, Thomas W McDade, Lee T Gettler, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, Sonny S Agustin, M Geoffrey Hayes, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: The androgen receptor (AR) mediates expression of androgen-associated somatic traits such as muscle mass and strength. Within the human AR is a highly variable glutamine short-tandem repeat (AR-CAGn), and CAG repeat number has been inversely correlated to AR transcriptional activity in vitro. However, evidence for an attenuating effect of long AR-CAGn on androgen-associated somatic traits has been inconsistent in human populations. One possible explanation for this lack of consistency is that the effect of AR-CAGn on AR bioactivity in target tissues likely varies in relation to circulating androgen levels...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Imelu G Mordeno, Geraldine P Go, April Yangson-Serondo
Latent factor structure of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) has been examined using Diagnostic Statistic Manual-IV (DSM-IV)'s Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) nomenclature. With the advent of Diagnostic Statistic Manual-5 (DSM-5), there is an impending need to reexamine STS using DSM-5 symptoms in light of the most updated PTSD models in the literature. The study investigated and determined the best fitted PTSD models using DSM-5 PTSD criteria symptoms. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine model fit using the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale in 241 registered and practicing Filipino nurses (166 females and 75 males) who worked in the Philippines and gave direct nursing services to patients...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Yanyan Wu, Kathryn Braun, Alvin T Onaka, Brian Y Horiuchi, Caryn J Tottori, Lynne Wilkens
The objective of this study is to examine longevity disparities in Hawai'i by race/ethnicity and gender based on age-specific death rates in 2010. Abridged life tables for Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Hawaiians, and Caucasians in Hawai'i are presented for the age groups: <1, 1-4, every 5-year interval from 5-84, and 85+ years for the year of 2010. Death data were provided by the Hawai'i Department of Health Office of Health Status Monitoring, and population data were based on 2010 Census modified based on ethnicity estimates from the Hawai'i Health Survey...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Mary Anne D Chiong, Daffodil M Canson, Mary Ann R Abacan, Melissa Mae P Baluyot, Cynthia P Cordero, Catherine Lynn T Silao
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II, an X-linked recessive disorder is the most common lysosomal storage disease detected among Filipinos. This is a case series involving 23 male Filipino patients confirmed to have Hunter syndrome. The clinical and biochemical characteristics were obtained and mutation testing of the IDS gene was done on the probands and their female relatives. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 11.28 (SD 4.10) years with an average symptom onset at 1...
January 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Ernesto Ramos Gregorio, Jun Kobayashi, John Robert Carabeo Medina, Nymia Pimentel Simbulan
BACKGROUND: Globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of mortality. Due to the nature of their work and lifestyle on board, Filipino seafarers have a high propensity towards acquiring CVD. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to CVD of Filipino seafarers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilised a descriptive cross-sectional study design. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed among 136 male seafarers who went into a private general hospital for their pre-employment medical examination...
2016: International Maritime Health
Lee T Gettler, Calen P Ryan, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M Geoffrey Hayes, Alan B Feranil, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa
Partnered fathers often have lower testosterone than single non-parents, which is theorized to relate to elevated testosterone (T) facilitating competitive behaviors and lower T contributing to nurturing. Cultural- and individual-factors moderate the expression of such psychobiological profiles. Less is known about genetic variation's role in individual psychobiological responses to partnering and fathering, particularly as related to T. We examined the exon 1 CAG (polyglutamine) repeat (CAGn) within the androgen receptor (AR) gene...
January 2017: Hormones and Behavior
Kevin Riley, Jennifer Nazareno, Sterling Malish
INTRODUCTION: Live-in formal caregivers spend consecutive days in patients' homes, raising questions about their ability to secure adequate sleep while on duty. Few studies have examined sleeping conditions and outcomes for this growing workforce. METHODS: We collected weeklong sleep logs and interview data from 32 Filipino caregivers in Los Angeles who provide live-in services at least 3 consecutive days per week. RESULTS: Respondents recorded a total average of 6...
December 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Caroline A Thompson, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Katherine G Hastings, Kristopher Kapphahn, Peter Yu, Salma Shariff-Marco, Ami S Bhatt, Heather A Wakelee, Manali I Patel, Mark R Cullen, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Asian Americans (AA) are the fastest growing U.S. population, and when properly distinguished by their ethnic origins, exhibit substantial heterogeneity in socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and health outcomes. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, yet trends and current patterns in the mortality burden of cancer among AA ethnic groups have not been documented. METHODS: We report age-adjusted rates, standardized mortality ratios, and modeled trends in cancer-related mortality in the following AA ethnicities: Asian Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, and Vietnamese, from 2003 to 2011, with non-Hispanic whites (NHW) as the reference population...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Alina Kutsenko, Maya R Ladenheim, Nathan Kim, Pauline Nguyen, Vincent Chen, Channa Jayasekera, Ju Dong Yang, Radhika Kumari, Lewis Roberts, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: We used metabolic risk factors to estimate the prevalence and clinical significance of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Asian Americans with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 824 consecutive Asian HCC patients at Stanford University Medical Center from 1998 to 2015. Patients were subdivided as: Chinese, other East Asian (Japanese and Korean), South East Asian (Vietnamese, Thai, and Laotian), Maritime South East Asian (MSEA: Malaysian, Indonesian, Filipino, and Singaporean), and South West Asian (Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Melinda Sarmiento Bender, Glenn-Milo Santos, Carissa Villanueva, Shoshana Arai
BACKGROUND: Filipino Americans are the second largest Asian subgroup in the United States, and were found to have the highest prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to all Asian subgroups and non-Hispanic whites. In addition to genetic factors, risk factors for Filipinos that contribute to this health disparity include high sedentary rates and high fat diets. However, Filipinos are seriously underrepresented in preventive health research. Research is needed to identify effective interventions to reduce Filipino diabetes risks, subsequent comorbidities, and premature death...
September 8, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Magdalena L Plasilova, Brandon Hayse, Brigid K Killelea, Nina R Horowitz, Anees B Chagpar, Donald R Lannin
The aim of this study was to determine the features of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) using a large national database. TNBC is known to be an aggressive subtype, but national epidemiologic data are sparse. All patients with invasive breast cancer and known molecular subtype diagnosed in 2010 to 2011 were identified from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). Patients with and without TNBC were compared with respect to their sociodemographic and clinicopathologic features. TNBC was present in 38,628 of 295,801 (13%) female patients compared to 185 of 3136 (6%) male patients (P < 0...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Calen P Ryan, Thomas W McDade, Lee T Gettler, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M Geoffey Hayes, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: Testosterone (T), the primary androgenic hormone in males, is stimulated through pulsatile secretion of LH and regulated through negative feedback inhibition at the hypothalamus and pituitary. The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis also controls sperm production through the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Negative feedback in the HPG axis is achieved in part through the binding of T to the androgen receptor (AR), which contains a highly variable trinucleotide repeat polymorphism (AR-CAGn)...
January 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Won Kim Cook, Winston Tseng, Roxanna Bautista, Iyanrick John
Asian American children and adolescents are an under-investigated subpopulation in obesity research. This study aimed to identify specific profiles of Asian subgroups at high risk of adolescent overweight with special attention to Asian ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), and their interaction. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted using a sample of 1533 Asian American adolescents ages 12-17 from the 2007-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). In addition to Asian ethnicity and socioeconomic status (assessed by family income and parental education level), age, gender, nativity, and two lifestyle variables, fast food consumption and physical activity, were also controlled for in these models...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Dieu T T Huynh, Elvira Estorninos, Maria Rosario Capeding, Jeffery S Oliver, Yen Ling Low, Francisco J Rosales
Nutrient deficiencies during childhood have adverse effects on child growth and health. In a single-arm 48-week long-term intervention, we previously reported the efficacy of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) and dietary counselling on catch-up growth and growth maintenance in nutritionally at-risk Filipino children. The present analysis was done to assess the contributing effects of ONS to nutritional adequacy, dietary diversity, food intake and longitudinal growth. ONS (450 ml) was consumed daily providing 450 kcal (1880 kJ) and at least 50 % of micronutrient requirements among 200 children aged 3-4 years with weight-for-height percentiles between 5th and 25th (WHO Growth Standards)...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
Vui Heng Chong, Pemasari Upali Telisinghe, Edwin Lim, Jackson Tan, Chee Fui Chong
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the incidence of cancers is increasing and is becoming a major public health issue, including those in the Asia Pacific region. South-East Asia is a region with diverse populations with different disease spectra. This study looked at the spectrum of cancers among South-East Asians working in Brunei Darussalam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cancer registry from 1994 to 2012 maintained by the State Laboratory was retrospectively reviewed. Crude incidence rates were calculated based on the population census of 2010...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Richard Williams, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Ben Goss, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Shankar Acharya, Mamoru Kawakami, Shigenobu Satoh, Wen-Jer Chen, Chun-Kun Park, Chong-Suh Lee, Thanit Foocharoen, Hideki Nagashima, Sunguk Kuh, Zhaomin Zheng, Richard Condor, Manabu Ito, Motoki Iwasaki, Je Hoon Jeong, Keith D K Luk, Bambang Prijambodo, Amol Rege, Tae-Ahn Jahng, Zhuojing Luo, Warat Tassanawipas, Narayana Acharya, Rohit Pokharel, Yong Shen, Takui Ito, Zhihai Zhang, Janardhana Aithala P, Gomatam Vijay Kumar, Rahyussalim Ahmad Jabir, Saumyajit Basu, Baojun Li, Vishal Moudgil, Phoebe Sham, Dino Samartzis
Study Design A multinational, multiethnic, cross-sectional image-based study was performed in 33 institutions, representing 10 countries, which were part of the AOSpine Asia Pacific Research Collaboration Consortium. Objective Lumbar facet joint orientation has been reported to be associated with the development of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). The role of ethnicity regarding facet joint orientation remains uncertain. As such, the following study was performed across a wide-ranging population base to assess the role of ethnicity in facet joint orientation in patients with DS in the Asia Pacific region...
February 2016: Global Spine Journal
Richard Jonathan O Taduran, Anna Katrina V Tadeo, Nadine Anne C Escalona, Grant C Townsend
Fingerprints are distinct physical characteristics that remain unchanged throughout an individual's lifetime. This study derived Filipino-specific probability formulae from fingerprints to be used for sex discrimination in human identification cases. Ridge density from three different areas - distal radial area, distal ulnar area, and proximal area - as well as white line counts from fingerprints of 200 male and 200 female Filipinos were collected and analyzed statistically. Ridge densities of radial and ulnar areas emerged as displaying significant differences between the sexes, with 16ridges/25mm(2) or more in radial area and 15ridges/25mm(2) or more in ulnar area being more likely to be female, whereas 13ridges/25mm(2) or less in radial area and 12ridges/25mm(2) or less in ulnar area were more likely to be male...
April 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
Bryan Edgar K Guevara, Chao-Kai Hsu, Lu Liu, Alice Feast, Karen Lee P Alabado, Maricarr Pamela M Lacuesta, Julia Yu-Yun Lee, John A McGrath
Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare, multisystem X-linked dominant genetic disorder caused by mutations in IKBKG, the encoding inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells. Almost 80% of all cases result from a recurrent intragenic deletion mutation that removes exon 4-10. At present, this mutation can be detected by a multi-primer polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique although current protocols may preferentially amplify the wild-type allele and miss the deletion. Here, we report a female infant with incontinentia pigmenti that also affected her mother and sister, and two spontaneously aborted male siblings...
May 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
AbdulSalam A Noorwali, AbdulHafiz M Turkistani, Sari I Asiri, Fadel A Trabulsi, Osama M Alwafi, Saud H Alzahrani, Muhammad M Rashid, Safwat A Hegazy, Mohammed D Alzaydi, Khalid O Bawakid
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Describe the epidemiology and characteristics of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which are essential for control and treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all cases of MERS-CoV reported in four cities of the Makkah Region from March to June 2014. Exposure factors and comorbid conditions were analyzed using Epi Info. RESULTS: Analysis of the 261 cases revealed that the incidence peaked in mid-April 2014 and the fatality rate was 42%...
May 2015: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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