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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909139/filipino-dna-variation-at-12-x-chromosome-short-tandem-repeat-markers
#1
Jazelyn M Salvador, Dame Loveliness T Apaga, Frederick C Delfin, Gayvelline C Calacal, Sheila Estacio Dennis, Maria Corazon A De Ungria
Demands for solving complex kinship scenarios where only distant relatives are available for testing have risen in the past years. In these instances, other genetic markers such as X-chromosome short tandem repeat (X-STR) markers are employed to supplement autosomal and Y-chromosomal STR DNA typing. However, prior to use, the degree of STR polymorphism in the population requires evaluation through generation of an allele or haplotype frequency population database. This population database is also used for statistical evaluation of DNA typing results...
June 8, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884187/health-related-quality-of-life-temperament-and-eating-behavior-among-formula-fed-infants-in-the-philippines-a-pilot-study
#2
Sheri Volger, Elvira M Estorninos, Maria R Capeding, Jowena Lebumfacil, Diane Rigassio Radler, J Scott Parrott, Pamela Rothpletz-Puglia
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of childhood obesity in Asia has led to interest in potential risk factors such as infant health-related quality of life (HRQoL), temperament and eating behaviors. This pilot study evaluated the utility of administering parent-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to explore these factors in Filipino infants and examined the relationships between these factors and infant sex, formula intake and weight, over time. METHODS: Forty healthy, 4-week-old, formula-fed infants (n = 20 males) were enrolled in this 6-week, prospective, uncontrolled study during which infants were exclusively fed a standard term infant formula enriched with alpha-lactalbumin...
June 8, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723782/a-grounded-theory-of-successful-aging-among-select-incarcerated-older-filipino-women
#3
Heizel Mae Lucas, Carl James Lozano, Les Paul Valdez, Rowena Manzarate, Fortuna Angelli Jolyn Lumawag
BACKGROUND: Across the literature, impairment and disability among the older people have been associated with a decline in meeting their special needs. Failure in meeting such needs may cause deterioration of function and threaten successful aging. Accordingly, successful aging studies were carried out among males, in health care institutions, and in communities. In spite of these, the process by which successful aging is experienced by incarcerated older women remains to be a blank spot in research...
July 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627227/effects-of-moxifloxacin-on-the-proarrhythmic-surrogate-markers-in-healthy-filipino-subjects-exposure-response-modeling-using-ecg-data-of-thorough-qt-qtc-study
#4
Suchitra Matsukura, Yuji Nakamura, Kiyotaka Hoshiai, Takashi Hayashi, Tadashi Koga, Ai Goto, Koki Chiba, Nur Jaharat Lubna, Mihoko Hagiwara-Nagasawa, Hiroko Izumi-Nakaseko, Kentaro Ando, Atsuhiko T Naito, Atsushi Sugiyama
Effects of moxifloxacin on QTc as well as proarrhythmic surrogate markers including J-Tpeak c, Tpeak -Tend and short-term variability (STV) of repolarization were examined by using both standard E14 time-based evaluation and exposure-response modeling. The study was conducted with a single-blind, randomized, single-dose, placebo-controlled and two-period cross-over design in healthy Filipino subjects. QT interval was corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF). In the E14 time-based evaluation of ECG data, the largest ΔΔQTcF with 90% confidence interval was 14...
April 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617913/striking-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-liver-cancer-incidence-rates-and-temporal-trends-in-california-1988-2012
#5
Christopher Pham, Tse-Ling Fong, Juanjuan Zhang, Lihua Liu
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by disparate risk patterns by race/ethnicity. We examined HCC incidence patterns and temporal trends among detailed racial/ethnic populations, including disaggregated Asian-American subgroups. Methods: Using data from the population-based California Cancer Registry, we identified 41 929 invasive HCC cases diagnosed during 1988-2012. Patients were grouped into mutually exclusive racial/ethnic groups of non-Hispanic (NH) white, NH black, Hispanic, and NH Asian/Pacific Islander (API), as well as Asian subgroups of Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laotian, and South Asian...
March 30, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567844/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-against-varicella-zoster-virus-and-rubella-virus-among-newly-recruited-expatriate-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ibrahim Shady
OBJECTIVES: To assess the state of immunity to varicella zoster virus (VZV) and rubella virus (RV) among newly recruited healthcare workers (HCWs) in Kuwait before they begin work, and to determine whether there are differences in the prevalence of seronegativity according to nationality, gender, age group and occupation group. SETTING: This cross-sectional study involved analysis of blood samples from workers newly recruited to the Kuwaiti healthcare system. PARTICIPANTS: All new non- national HCWs recruited during the study period (n=1540)...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310636/sociodemographic-correlates-of-urine-culture-test-utilization-in-calgary-alberta
#7
Thomas P Griener, Christopher Naugler, Wilson W Chan, Deirdre L Church
BACKGROUND: Many clinical practice guidelines encourage diagnosis and empiric treatment of lower urinary tract infection without laboratory investigation; however, urine culture testing remains one of the largest volume tests in the clinical microbiology laboratory. In this study, we sought to determine if there were specific patient groups to which increased testing was directed. To do so, we combined laboratory data on testing rates with Census Canada sociodemographic data. METHODS: Urine culture testing data was obtained from the Calgary Laboratory Services information system for 2011...
January 8, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197496/withdrawn-exploring-the-links-between-early-life-and-young-adulthood-social-experiences-and-men-s-later-life-psychobiology-as-fathers
#8
Mallika S Sarma, Patty X Kuo, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa, Lee T Gettler
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
November 29, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120826/cancer-in-guam-and-hawaii-a-comparison-of-two-u-s-island-populations
#9
Brenda Y Hernandez, Renata A Bordallo, Michael D Green, Robert L Haddock
BACKGROUND: Cancer disparities within and across populations provide insight into the influence of lifestyle, environment, and genetic factors on cancer risk. METHODS: Guam cancer incidence and mortality were compared to that of Hawaii using data from their respective population-based, central cancer registries. RESULTS: In 2009-2013, overall cancer incidence was substantially lower in Guam than in Hawaii for both sexes while overall cancer mortality was higher for Guam males...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942405/congenital-melanocytic-nevus-mimicking-a-turban-tumour-in-an-18-year-old-filipino-male
#10
Maria Elinor Grace Sison, Eileen Cubillan, Bernard U Tansipek
Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) are nevi that are present at birth or arise within the first few weeks of life. They are often found on the trunk, head and neck and extremities. We report herein an unusual presentation of a CMN as a cerebriform tumour presenting as secondary cutis verticis gyrata on the scalp of an 18-year-old Filipino male.
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940235/application-of-the-optimized-summed-scored-attributes-method-to-sex-estimation-in-asian-crania
#11
Sean D Tallman, Matthew C Go
The optimized summed scored attributes (OSSA) method was recently introduced and validated for nonmetric ancestry estimation between American Black and White individuals. The method proceeds by scoring, dichotomizing, and subsequently summing ordinal morphoscopic trait scores to maximize between-group differences. This study tests the applicability of the OSSA method for sex estimation using five cranial traits given the methodological similarities between classifying sex and ancestry. A large sample of documented crania from Japan and Thailand (n = 744 males, 320 females) are used to develop a heuristically selected OSSA sectioning point of ≤1 separating males and females...
May 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881423/thyroid-cancer-mortality-is-higher-in-filipinos-in-the-united-states-an-analysis-using-national-mortality-records-from-2003-through-2012
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michelle-Linh T Nguyen, Jiaqi Hu, Katherine G Hastings, Eric J Daza, Mark R Cullen, Lisa A Orloff, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma has a favorable prognosis, but patients with multiple recurrences have drastically lower survival. Filipinos in the United States are known to have high rates of thyroid cancer incidence and disease recurrence. To the authors' knowledge, it is unknown whether Filipinos also have higher thyroid cancer mortality rates. METHODS: The authors studied thyroid cancer mortality in Filipino, non-Filipino Asian (NFA), and non-Hispanic white (NHW) adults using US death records (2003-2012) and US Census data...
December 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876573/hemosuccus-pancreaticus-from-ruptured-splenic-vein-pseudoaneurysm-secondary-to-necrotizing-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#13
M L Medina, C Saroca
Hemosuccus pancreaticus is a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in which haemorrhage occurs from the ampulla of vater via the pancreatic duct, mostly from ruptured pseudoaneurysms. Our patient is a 25-year-old Filipino male who presented with intermittent epigastric pain associated with melena and decreasing haemoglobin despite multiple blood transfusions. EGD showed erythematous gastric and duodenal mucosa with no evidence of active bleeding. Whole abdominal CT scan with IV contrast showed diffusely prominent pancreas with areas of non-enhancement suggestive necrosis...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740627/correlation-between-severity-of-ultrasonographic-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-filipino-wellness-patients
#14
Lucky R Cuenza, Tamara Louise J Razon, Juan Carlo Dayrit
Introduction: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a prevalent condition which is known to be related to factors that predispose to the development of coronary artery disease as well as development of metabolic syndrome. The study aimed to determine the association between ultrasound-based grading of hepatic steatosis with metabolic profile and estimated cardiovascular risk using the Framingham Risk Score (FRS). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 100 Filipino patients without established cardiovascular disease who underwent a general wellness health evaluation...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673532/drug-use-among-asian-americans-differentiating-use-by-acculturation-status-and-gender
#15
Clifford S Bersamira, Yu-An Lin, Keunhye Park, Jeanne C Marsh
This study examined past-year drug use among Asian Americans with respect to ethnic subgroup, acculturation, and gender differences. Survey data were collected during the National Latino and Asian American Survey, a national epidemiological household survey of behavioral health prevalence and service utilization rates. The analytical sample consisted of 505 Filipino, 598 Chinese, 518 Vietnamese, and 466 other Asian respondents. Results indicated that among ethnic subgroups, Filipinos had the highest rates of drug use...
August 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634555/a-rare-case-of-pneumopericardium-in-the-setting-of-tuberculous-constrictive-pericarditis
#16
Lauro L Abrahan Iv, Stephanie Martha O Obillos, Jaime Alfonso M Aherrera, Jose Donato A Magno, Celia Catherine C Uy-Agbayani, Ulysses King G Gopez, Jobelle Joyce Anne R Baldonado
A 28-year-old Filipino male was admitted due to high-grade fevers and dyspnea on a background of chronic cough and weight loss. Due to clinical and echocardiographic signs of cardiac tamponade, emergency pericardiocentesis was performed on his first hospital day. Five days after, chest radiographs showed new pockets of radiolucency within the cardiac shadow, indicative of pneumopericardium. On repeat echo, air microbubbles admixed with loculated effusion were visualized in the anterior pericardial space. Constrictive physiology was also supported by a thickened pericardium, septal bounce, exaggerated respiratory variation in AV valve inflow, and IVC plethora...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498039/seduction-and-the-self-movements-through-precarity-race-and-sexuality-in-japanese-host-clubs
#17
Pardis Mahdavi
In this article, I build on the notion of precarity to argue that Japanese host clubs are sites in which a particular kind of intimacy and sense of 'belonging' are produced. The analysis highlights host clubs as necessary spaces among many in the precarious economy and as important venues for the production of subjectivity for the male hosts (both migrant and Japanese) as well as for the migrant women who frequent these establishments. In particular, host clubs provide a lucrative employment opportunity for young men - particularly young men who are migrants from the rural parts of Japan or the Philippines (and often Japanese-Filipino young men) who are trying to make a living in the context of what has been characterised as 'precarious Japan'...
January 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347359/the-association-of-trajectories-of-protein-intake-and-age-specific-protein-intakes-from-2-to-22-years-with-bmi-in-early-adulthood
#18
Melecia Wright, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Michelle A Mendez, Linda Adair
No study has analysed how protein intake from early childhood to young adulthood relate to adult BMI in a single cohort. To estimate the association of protein intake at 2, 11, 15, 19 and 22 years with age- and sex-standardised BMI at 22 years (early adulthood), we used linear regression models with dietary and anthropometric data from a Filipino birth cohort (1985-2005, n 2586). We used latent growth curve analysis to identify trajectories of protein intake relative to age-specific recommended daily allowance (intake in g/kg body weight) from 2 to 22 years, then related trajectory membership to early adulthood BMI using linear regression models...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295144/androgen-receptor-polyglutamine-repeat-length-ar-cagn-modulates-the-effect-of-testosterone-on-androgen-associated-somatic-traits-in-filipino-young-adult-men
#19
Calen P Ryan, Alexander V Georgiev, Thomas W McDade, Lee T Gettler, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, Sonny S Agustin, M Geoffrey Hayes, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: The androgen receptor (AR) mediates expression of androgen-associated somatic traits such as muscle mass and strength. Within the human AR is a highly variable glutamine short-tandem repeat (AR-CAGn), and CAG repeat number has been inversely correlated to AR transcriptional activity in vitro. However, evidence for an attenuating effect of long AR-CAGn on androgen-associated somatic traits has been inconsistent in human populations. One possible explanation for this lack of consistency is that the effect of AR-CAGn on AR bioactivity in target tissues likely varies in relation to circulating androgen levels...
June 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262139/examining-the-dimensional-structure-models-of-secondary-traumatic-stress-based-on-dsm-5-symptoms
#20
Imelu G Mordeno, Geraldine P Go, April Yangson-Serondo
Latent factor structure of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) has been examined using Diagnostic Statistic Manual-IV (DSM-IV)'s Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) nomenclature. With the advent of Diagnostic Statistic Manual-5 (DSM-5), there is an impending need to reexamine STS using DSM-5 symptoms in light of the most updated PTSD models in the literature. The study investigated and determined the best fitted PTSD models using DSM-5 PTSD criteria symptoms. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine model fit using the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale in 241 registered and practicing Filipino nurses (166 females and 75 males) who worked in the Philippines and gave direct nursing services to patients...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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