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picc lines

Meredith Degnan, Jessica Brodt, Yiliam Rodriguez-Blanco
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe our institutional experience, primarily with general anesthesiologists consulting with cardiac anesthesiologists, caring for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the population of patients with LVADs at a single institution undergoing noncardiac procedures between 2009 and 2014. Demographic, perioperative, and procedural data collected included the type of procedure performed, anesthetic technique, vasopressor requirements, invasive monitors used, anesthesia provider type, blood product management, need for postoperative intubation, postoperative disposition and length of stay, and perioperative complications including mortality...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Hossein Mohamadipanah, Chembian Parthiban, Jay Nathwani, Drew Rutherford, Shannon DiMarco, Carla Pugh
BACKGROUND: Due to the increased use of peripherally inserted central catheter lines, central lines are not performed as frequently. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether a virtual reality (VR)-based assessment of fine motor skills can be used as a valid and objective assessment of central line skills. METHODS: Surgical residents (N = 43) from 7 general surgery programs performed a subclavian central line in a simulated setting. Then, they participated in a force discrimination task in a VR environment...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Gauri Bhutani, Mireille El Ters, Walter K Kremers, Joe L Klunder, Sandra J Taler, Amy W Williams, Andrew H Stockland, Marie C Hogan
Introduction Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) may adversely impact future successful arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). As part of a quality improvement project, the performance of tunneled small bore tunneled central venous catheters (TSB-CVCs), as alternatives to PICCs, was evaluated. Methods A retrospective observational study, involving individuals ≥18 years of age who underwent TSB-CVC placement by Interventional Radiology at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN between 1/1/2010 and 8/30/2013...
September 20, 2016: Hemodialysis International
Bryan Renton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Kevin N Johnson, Tina Thomas, Jason Grove, Marcus D Jarboe
BACKGROUND: Neonates commonly require central access, and in those with very low or extremely low birthweight this can be challenging. Described here is a technique that uses ultrasound guidance in the placement of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) in neonates and an analysis of outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients below 1500 g that underwent placement of a peripherally inserted central catheter under ultrasound guidance between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014 at a single center...
November 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
R W Atmawidjaja, M Azri, I H Ismail
Pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade is a rare and life-threatening complication of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in a neonate. We report a 33-week preterm neonate who had sudden clinical deterioration at day seven of total parenteral nutrition regime via PICC. Recognition of pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade in neonates with a PICC requires a high index of suspicion and steps in prevention include proper catheter tip placement and continuous monitoring of line position and function...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Robert P Richter, Mark A Law, Santiago Borasino, Jessica A Surd, Jeffrey A Alten
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel real-time ultrasound (US)-guided distal superficial femoral vein (DSFV) cannulation technique for insertion of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) in critically ill infants with congenital heart disease. DESIGN: Descriptive retrospective cohort study SETTING: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a pediatric tertiary hospital PATIENTS: First 28 critically ill infants that received DSFV PICCs via this new technique. RESULTS: Thirty-seven US-guided DSFV PICCs were attempted on 31 infants from September 2012 to November 2014; 34 PICCs were placed in 28 patients (success rate 92%)...
July 20, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
Shawn J Rangel, Brett R Anderson, Rajendu Srivastava, Samir S Shah, Paul Ishimine, Mythili Srinivasan, Matthew Bryan, Wu Gong, Matt Hall, Russell Localio, Xianqun Luan, Seema Anandalwar, Ron Keren
OBJECTIVE: To compare treatment failure leading to hospital readmission in children with complicated appendicitis who received oral versus intravenous antibiotics after discharge. BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are often employed after discharge to prevent treatment failure in children with complicated appendicitis, although existing studies comparing intravenous and oral antibiotics for this purpose are limited. METHODS: We identified all patients aged 3 to 18 years undergoing appendectomy for complicated appendicitis, who received postdischarge antibiotics at 35 childrens hospitals from 2009 to 2012...
July 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Julie Le, Areg Grigorian, Samuel Chen, Isabella J Kuo, Roy M Fujitani, Nii-Kabu Kabutey
INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are a popular alternative to central venous lines. PICCs can provide reliable long-term access for intravenous fluids, antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition. Multiple factors can contribute to difficult PICC removal including adherent fibrin and thrombus formation around the catheter. We discuss a novel endovascular retrieval technique to remove tightly adherent PICCs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old male with history of chronic pancreatitis requiring intravenous pain medications, presented with right upper extremity single lumen PICC that could not be removed by standard techniques...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Dany Antanios Al Hamod, Smart Zeidan, Ayah Al Bizri, Georges Baaklini, Yolla Nassif
BACKGROUND: Among preterm infants, the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is the standard line for central venous access; however, its placement exposes them to hypothermia and pain. Ultrasound (US)-guided central line insertion may be less morbid than standard PICC line. AIMS: To determine the ease, success rate, and morbidity associated with US-guided central line insertion in the internal jugular vein (IJV) by comparing it to the standard PICC line placement...
May 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Ralph Gnannt, Bairbre L Connolly, Dimitri A Parra, Joao Amaral, Rahim Moineddin, Avnesh S Thakor
BACKGROUND: The position of the tip of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is crucial; malposition can lead to malfunction of the line or life-threatening events (e.g., arrhythmias, perforation). OBJECTIVE: To determine what factors other than arm position and accessed vein might influence the tip position of a PICC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria were upper limb PICC placement, body weight <20 kg, intraoperative imaging with the arm in 0°, 45° and 90° abduction and an arm view marking the skin entry site relative to the shoulder...
October 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Xiao-Hui Zhang, Fei-Er Feng, Wei Han, Feng-Rong Wang, Jing-Zhi Wang, Yu Wang, Yao Chen, Hai-Xia Fu, Xiao-Dong Mo, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Chen-Hua Yan, Huan Chen, Yu-Hong Chen, Yang Liu, Lan-Ping Xu, Kai-Yan Liu, Xiao-Jun Huang
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients are at an increased risk of thrombotic complications, most of which are catheter-related and present a substantial challenge. The incidence of CRT varies considerably depending on clinical factors. However, the underlying pathogenesis and risk factors remain unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective nested case-control study in patients following allo-HSCT. Thrombotic episodes were diagnosed based on the clinical suspicion of the physician (pain, swelling, etc...
August 2016: Thrombosis Research
Susan Storey, Jamie Brown, Angela Foley, Erica Newkirk, Jan Powers, Julie Barger, Karen Paige
BACKGROUND: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a common life-threatening risk factor associated with central venous catheters (CVCs). Research has demonstrated benefit in reducing CLABSIs when CVCs coated with antimicrobials are inserted. The impact of chlorhexidine (CHG)-impregnated versus non-CHG peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) on risk of CLABSI is unknown. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is also a complication associated with CVCs. This study compares the impact of both PICC lines on these outcomes...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Jeffrey D Hord, John Lawlor, Eric Werner, Amy L Billett, David G Bundy, Cindi Winkle, Aditya H Gaur
BACKGROUND: Central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric hematology/oncology (PHO) patients. Understanding the differences in CLABSI rates by central line (CL) type is important to inform clinical decisions. PROCEDURE: CLABSI, using similar definitions, noted with three commonly used CL types (totally implanted catheter [port], tunneled externalized catheter [TEC], peripherally inserted central catheter [PICC]) and CL-specific line days were prospectively tracked across 15 US PHO centers from May 2012 until April 2015 and CLABSI rates (CLABSI per 1,000 CL-specific line days) were calculated...
September 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Sue J Kim-Saechao, Earl Almario, Zachary A Rubin
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) removed prematurely for unconfirmed infection or thrombosis lead to subsequent reinsertions and associated complications. To improve clinical quality, a mandatory electronic communication tool (MECT) based on clinical practice guidelines was mandated for all inpatient adult PICCs in an academically affiliated tertiary medical center. This MECT facilitated early communication and specialized evaluation with the PICC team for any complications related to PICCs...
May 11, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Kate A Hodgson, Julie Huynh, Laila F Ibrahim, Bronwyn Sacks, Daniel Golshevsky, Michael Layley, Mark Spagnolo, Chin-Mae Raymundo, Penelope A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) is increasingly used to treat children at home, but studies in children are scarce. We aimed to describe the use, appropriateness and outcomes of OPAT in children. DESIGN: This was a 12-month prospective observational study. SETTING: The hospital-in-the-home programme of The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. PATIENTS: All patients receiving OPAT. INTERVENTIONS: Data were collected including demographics, diagnosis, type of venous access and antibiotic choice...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
E McAuliffe, S O'Shea, M I Khan
INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) have been increasingly used for administration of chemotherapy, antibiotics and blood products in patients with haematological malignancies. Although generally regarded safe, infections and thrombotic events have occurred with PICC use, necessitating study to guide future clinical prophylaxis and management. AIM: 1) Determine the incidence of PICC associated thrombosis in patients with haematological malignancies 2) To identify clinically significant risk factors contributing to these complications...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
Niloy Dasgupta, Manish N Patel, John M Racadio, Neil D Johnson, Matthew P Lungren
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is among the most common procedures performed in children in the hospital setting. PICC insertion can be simplified with the use of a sheathed needle as an alternative to the modified Seldinger technique. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate PICC placement for the technique used and the incidence of complications at a large pediatric tertiary care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all PICC placements at a single institution over a 4-year period...
September 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Rani A Bashir, Kamala Swarnam, Sakeer Vayalthrikkovil, Wendy Yee, Amuchou S Soraisham
Objective To examine whether there is an association between peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) insertion site and complication rates among preterm infants. Design We performed a retrospective analysis of the first PICCs placed in preterm infants in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit between January 2006 and December 2010. The PICC-related complications resulting in catheter removal were compared based on site of insertion. Results Of the 827 PICCs, 593 (72%) were inserted in upper extremity...
August 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Anne L Smazal, Anne B Kavars, Susan J Carlson, Tarah T Colaizy, John M Dagle
BACKGROUND: While very preterm (<32 wk gestation) infants are routinely provided intensive nutritional support via central line, clinical practice varies for nutrient delivery in infants born moderately preterm (32-34 wk gestation). We sought to define the impact of nutritional support via peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) on nutrient delivery in the first 2 wk of life and growth by discharge. METHODS: Data were extracted from the records of 187 infants born between 32 and 34 6/7 wk gestation and admitted to the University of Iowa Children's Hospital between April 2012 and December 2013...
August 2016: Pediatric Research
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