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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#1
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290624/thick-melanoma-in-tuscany
#2
Alessandra Chiarugi, Paolo Nardini, Lorenzo Borgognoni, Paola Brandani, Gianni Gerlini, Pietro Rubegni, Arianna Lamberti, Camilla Salvini, Giovanni Lo Scocco, Roberto Cecchi, Riccardo Sirna, Stefano Lorenzi, Riccardo Gattai, Silvio Battistini, Emanuele Crocetti
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic trends of cutaneous melanoma are similar in several countries with a Western-type life style, where there is a progressive increasing incidence and a low but not decreasing mor- tality, or somewhere an increase too, especially in the older age groups. Also in Tuscany there is a steady rise in incidence with prevalence of in situ and invasive thin melanomas, with also an increase of thick melanomas. It is necessary to reduce the frequency of thick melanomas to reduce specific mortality...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266342/late-life-attachment
#3
Mélanie Freitas, Hassan Rahioui
Old age is likely to cause a crisis in one's life because of the vulnerabilities it brings up, acting as stressful elements disrupting the elder's feeling of security. It leads to the activation of what is called his attachment system, consisting in attachment styles and interpersonal emotional regulation strategies. To recover a higher sense of safety, the elder would refer to his attachment figures, that is to say closed people paying attention to him, showing towards him availability and consideration. However older adults particularly see their tolerance threshold lowered, regarding an accumulation of losses (true or symbolic) and stressful events within their lifetime...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257506/the-conspiratorial-style-in-lay-economic-thinking
#4
David Leiser, Nofar Duani, Pascal Wagner-Egger
This study investigates patterns of lay perception of economics, and in particular the place of conspiratorial thinking regarding the economic domain. We devised four types of accounts in the economic domain, over a range of questions regarding different aspects of the economy: the classical neo-liberal economic view (which we labeled Econ101), and the Conspiracy view (the destructive outcomes of economy are due to small and powerful groups who are manipulating the markets), to which we added the Government malfunction view (failures in the economy are due to the authorities), and the Bad Invisible Hand view (the invisible hand may go wrong, and the equilibrium reached by its doings may be undesirable)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249013/societal-perspective-on-access-to-publicly-subsidised-medicines-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-3080-adults-in-australia
#5
Lesley Chim, Glenn Salkeld, Patrick Kelly, Wendy Lipworth, Dyfrig A Hughes, Martin R Stockler
BACKGROUND: Around the world government agencies responsible for the selection and reimbursement of prescribed medicines and other health technologies are considering how best to bring community preferences into their decision making. In particular, community views about the distribution or equity of funding across the population. These official committees and agencies often have access to the best available and latest evidence on clinical effectiveness, safety and cost from large clinical trials and population-based studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244033/young-people-s-experience-of-individual-cognitive-remediation-therapy-crt-in-an-inpatient-eating-disorder-service-a-qualitative-study
#6
Lucia Giombini, Sophie Nesbitt, Lauren Waples, Emilia Finazzi, Abigail Easter, Kate Tchanturia
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Current literature shows promising results regarding the efficacy of Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa (AN); however, there is a paucity of studies considering the use of CRT in Young People (YP). The aim of this study was to examine YP's experiences of individual CRT in an inpatient eating disorder unit. METHOD: Seventy letters following a cycle of eight individual CRT sessions were analysed using thematic analysis, adopting an inductive approach...
February 27, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241759/smokers-and-drinkers-choice-of-smartphone-applications-and-expectations-of-engagement-a-think-aloud-and-interview-study
#7
Olga Perski, Ann Blandford, Harveen Kaur Ubhi, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Public health organisations such as the National Health Service in the United Kingdom and the National Institutes of Health in the United States provide access to online libraries of publicly endorsed smartphone applications (apps); however, there is little evidence that users rely on this guidance. Rather, one of the most common methods of finding new apps is to search an online store. As hundreds of smoking cessation and alcohol-related apps are currently available on the market, smokers and drinkers must actively choose which app to download prior to engaging with it...
February 28, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214588/the-experiences-of-a-biochemist-in-the-evolving-world-of-g-protein-dependent-signaling
#8
REVIEW
Richard A Cerione
This review describes how a biochemist and basic researcher (i.e. myself) came to make a career in the area of receptor-coupled signal transduction and the roles cellular signaling activities play both in normal physiology and in disease. Much of what has been the best part of this research life is due to the time I spent with Bob Lefkowitz (1982-1985), during an extraordinary period in the emerging field of G-protein-coupled receptors. Among my laboratory colleagues were some truly outstanding scientists including Marc Caron, the late Jeffrey Stadel, Berta Strulovici, Jeff Benovic, Brian Kobilka, and Henrik Dohlman, as well as many more...
February 15, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203636/i-want-to-media-multitask-and-i-want-to-do-it-now-individual-differences-in-media-multitasking-predict-delay-of-gratification-and-system-1-thinking
#9
Dan Schutten, Kirk A Stokes, Karen M Arnell
Media multitasking, the concurrent use of multiple media forms, has been shown to be related to greater self-reported impulsivity and less self-control. These measures are both hallmarks of the need for immediate gratification which has been associated with fast, intuitive 'system-1' decision making, as opposed to more deliberate and effortful 'system-2' decision making. In Study 1, we used the Cognitive Reflection Task (CRT) to examine whether individuals who engage heavily in media multitasking differ from those who are light media multitaskers in their degree of system-1 versus system-2 thinking...
2017: Cogn Res Princ Implic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190916/psychometric-validation-of-a-simplified-form-of-the-picts-for-low-reading-level-populations
#10
David J Disabato, Johanna B Folk, John Wilson, Sharen Barboza, Jordan Daylor, June Tangney
The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) is one of the most widely used measures of criminal thinking. Although the PICTS has adequate psychometric qualities with many general population inmates, the measurement confound of reading ability may decrease its construct validity in low-literacy inmates. To help resolve this confound, we present psychometric evaluation of a simplified version of the PICTS (PICTS-SV) in which item language was simplified but item content was preserved. We first conducted Lexile analyses to confirm the reading level of the PICTS-SV is significantly lower than the original PICTS (i...
September 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167331/turning-lemonade-into-lemons-dampening-appraisals-reduce-positive-affect-and-increase-negative-affect-during-positive-activity-scheduling
#11
Leigh-Anne Burr, Mahmood Javiad, Grace Jell, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Barnaby D Dunn
The way individuals appraise positive emotions may modulate affective experience during positive activity scheduling. Individuals may either engage in dampening appraisals (e.g., think "this is too good to last") or amplifying appraisals (e.g., think "I deserve this"). A cross-over randomized design was used to examine the consequences of these appraisal styles. Participants (N = 43) rated positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) during four daily walks in pleasant locations, whilst following dampening, emotion-focus amplifying (focusing on how good one feels), self-focus amplifying (focusing on positive self qualities), or control instructions...
April 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150989/dialectical-thinking-and-fairness-based-perspectives-of-affirmative-action
#12
Ivona Hideg, D Lance Ferris
Affirmative action (AA) policies are among the most effective means for enhancing diversity and equality in the workplace, yet are also often viewed with scorn by the wider public. Fairness-based explanations for this scorn suggest AA policies provide preferential treatment to minorities, violating procedural fairness principles of consistent treatment. In other words, to promote equality in the workplace, effective AA policies promote inequality when selecting employees, and the broader public perceives this to be procedurally unfair...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150183/at-the-edge-of-safety-moral-experimentation-in-the-case-of-family-therapy
#13
Teresa Kuan
"At the Edge of Safety" argues for thinking of structural family therapy as a "moral laboratory." Borrowing a trope from Cheryl Mattingly's recent book Moral Laboratories, the article reconsiders a therapeutic style that was once controversial by analyzing personal stories of supervision-i.e. professional training-in light of Mattingly's suggestion that a social space in which people conduct experiments on themselves and their lives may be considered a moral laboratory. Family therapy is especially good to think with, because it is simultaneously a real and a metaphorical laboratory, physically lab-like in its use of visual technologies, yet moral in the way it puts the possibility for situational change in the hands of human actors...
February 1, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149361/case-study-of-mental-skills-training-for-a-taekwondo-olympian
#14
TaeHee Lim, David Michael O'Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of systematic mental skills training (MST) for a taekwondo gold medallist. Based on MST of other sports, this programme was designed for a single subject who competed in the Olympics. The Korean test of performance strategies, Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes, and a few sessions of interviews were applied to investigate the effect of MST. The pre and post-test mean scores of both the Korean test of performance strategies and Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes were compared...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131965/the-importance-of-thinking-styles-in-predicting-binge-eating
#15
A V Nikčević, C Marino, G Caselli, M M Spada
Impulsivity, Body Mass Index, negative emotions and irrational food beliefs are often reported as predictors of binge eating. In the current study we explored the role played by two thinking styles, namely food thought suppression and desire thinking, in predicting binge eating among young adults controlling for established predictors of this condition. A total of 338 university students (268 females) participated in this study by completing a battery of questionnaires measuring the study variables. Path analysis revealed that impulsivity was not associated with binge eating, that Body Mass Index and negative emotions predicted binge eating, and that irrational food beliefs only influenced binge eating via food thought suppression and desire thinking...
January 10, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131005/rigid-dietary-control-flexible-dietary-control-and-intuitive-eating-evidence-for-their-differential-relationship-to-disordered-eating-and-body-image-concerns
#16
Jake Linardon, Sarah Mitchell
This study aimed to replicate and extend from Tylka, Calogero, and Daníelsdóttir (2015) findings by examining the relationship between rigid control, flexible control, and intuitive eating on various indices of disordered eating (i.e., binge eating, disinhibition) and body image concerns (i.e., shape and weight over-evaluation, body checking, and weight-related exercise motivations). This study also examined whether the relationship between intuitive eating and outcomes was mediated by dichotomous thinking and body appreciation...
January 23, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128041/barriers-and-enablers-to-academic-health-leadership
#17
Aleem Bharwani, Theresa Kline, Margaret Patterson, Peter Craighead
Purpose This study sought to identify the barriers and enablers to leadership enactment in academic health-care settings. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interviews ( n = 77) with programme stakeholders (medical school trainees, university leaders, clinical leaders, medical scientists and directors external to the medical school) were conducted, and the responses content-analysed. Findings Both contextual and individual factors were identified as playing a role in affecting academic health leadership enactment that has an impact on programme development, success and maintenance...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103978/-cosmetological-thinking-and-methods-in-tcm-in-the-sui-tang-dynasty
#18
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099136/alexithymia-and-automatic-processing-of-emotional-stimuli-a-systematic-review
#19
Uta-Susan Donges, Thomas Suslow
Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in recognizing and verbalizing emotions and the utilization of a cognitive style that is oriented toward external events, rather than intrapsychic experiences. Alexithymia is considered a vulnerability factor influencing onset and course of many psychiatric disorders. Even though emotions are, in general, elicited involuntarily and emerge without conscious effort, it is surprising that little attention in etiological considerations concerning alexithymia has been given to deficits in automatic emotion processing and their neurobiological bases...
January 18, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079497/meanings-of-waves-electroencephalography-and-society-in-mexico-city-1940-1950
#20
Nuria Valverde Pérez
Argument This paper focuses on the uses of electroencephalograms (EEGs) in Mexico during their introductory decade from 1940 to 1950. Following Borck (2006), I argue that EEGs adapted to fit local circumstances and that this adjustment led to the consolidation of different ways of making science and the emergence of new objects of study and social types. I also maintain that the way EEGs were introduced into the institutional networks of Mexico entangled them in discussions about the objective and juridical definitions of social groups, thereby preempting concerns about their technical and epistemic limitations...
December 2016: Science in Context
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