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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214588/the-experiences-of-a-biochemist-in-the-evolving-world-of-g-protein-dependent-signaling
#1
REVIEW
Richard A Cerione
This review describes how a biochemist and basic researcher (i.e. myself) came to make a career in the area of receptor-coupled signal transduction and the roles cellular signaling activities play both in normal physiology and in disease. Much of what has been the best part of this research life is due to the time I spent with Bob Lefkowitz (1982-1985), during an extraordinary period in the emerging field of G-protein-coupled receptors. Among my laboratory colleagues were some truly outstanding scientists including Marc Caron, the late Jeffrey Stadel, Berta Strulovici, Jeff Benovic, Brian Kobilka, and Henrik Dohlman, as well as many more...
February 15, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203636/i-want-to-media-multitask-and-i-want-to-do-it-now-individual-differences-in-media-multitasking-predict-delay-of-gratification-and-system-1-thinking
#2
Dan Schutten, Kirk A Stokes, Karen M Arnell
Media multitasking, the concurrent use of multiple media forms, has been shown to be related to greater self-reported impulsivity and less self-control. These measures are both hallmarks of the need for immediate gratification which has been associated with fast, intuitive 'system-1' decision making, as opposed to more deliberate and effortful 'system-2' decision making. In Study 1, we used the Cognitive Reflection Task (CRT) to examine whether individuals who engage heavily in media multitasking differ from those who are light media multitaskers in their degree of system-1 versus system-2 thinking...
2017: Cogn Res Princ Implic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190916/psychometric-validation-of-a-simplified-form-of-the-picts-for-low-reading-level-populations
#3
David J Disabato, Johanna B Folk, John Wilson, Sharen Barboza, Jordan Daylor, June Tangney
The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) is one of the most widely used measures of criminal thinking. Although the PICTS has adequate psychometric qualities with many general population inmates, the measurement confound of reading ability may decrease its construct validity in low-literacy inmates. To help resolve this confound, we present psychometric evaluation of a simplified version of the PICTS (PICTS-SV) in which item language was simplified but item content was preserved. We first conducted Lexile analyses to confirm the reading level of the PICTS-SV is significantly lower than the original PICTS (i...
September 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167331/turning-lemonade-into-lemons-dampening-appraisals-reduce-positive-affect-and-increase-negative-affect-during-positive-activity-scheduling
#4
Leigh-Anne Burr, Mahmood Javiad, Grace Jell, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Barnaby D Dunn
The way individuals appraise positive emotions may modulate affective experience during positive activity scheduling. Individuals may either engage in dampening appraisals (e.g., think "this is too good to last") or amplifying appraisals (e.g., think "I deserve this"). A cross-over randomized design was used to examine the consequences of these appraisal styles. Participants (N = 43) rated positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) during four daily walks in pleasant locations, whilst following dampening, emotion-focus amplifying (focusing on how good one feels), self-focus amplifying (focusing on positive self qualities), or control instructions...
January 24, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150989/dialectical-thinking-and-fairness-based-perspectives-of-affirmative-action
#5
Ivona Hideg, D Lance Ferris
Affirmative action (AA) policies are among the most effective means for enhancing diversity and equality in the workplace, yet are also often viewed with scorn by the wider public. Fairness-based explanations for this scorn suggest AA policies provide preferential treatment to minorities, violating procedural fairness principles of consistent treatment. In other words, to promote equality in the workplace, effective AA policies promote inequality when selecting employees, and the broader public perceives this to be procedurally unfair...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150183/at-the-edge-of-safety-moral-experimentation-in-the-case-of-family-therapy
#6
Teresa Kuan
"At the Edge of Safety" argues for thinking of structural family therapy as a "moral laboratory." Borrowing a trope from Cheryl Mattingly's recent book Moral Laboratories, the article reconsiders a therapeutic style that was once controversial by analyzing personal stories of supervision-i.e. professional training-in light of Mattingly's suggestion that a social space in which people conduct experiments on themselves and their lives may be considered a moral laboratory. Family therapy is especially good to think with, because it is simultaneously a real and a metaphorical laboratory, physically lab-like in its use of visual technologies, yet moral in the way it puts the possibility for situational change in the hands of human actors...
February 1, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149361/case-study-of-mental-skills-training-for-a-taekwondo-olympian
#7
TaeHee Lim, David Michael O'Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of systematic mental skills training (MST) for a taekwondo gold medallist. Based on MST of other sports, this programme was designed for a single subject who competed in the Olympics. The Korean test of performance strategies, Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes, and a few sessions of interviews were applied to investigate the effect of MST. The pre and post-test mean scores of both the Korean test of performance strategies and Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes were compared...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131965/the-importance-of-thinking-styles-in-predicting-binge-eating
#8
A V Nikčević, C Marino, G Caselli, M M Spada
Impulsivity, Body Mass Index, negative emotions and irrational food beliefs are often reported as predictors of binge eating. In the current study we explored the role played by two thinking styles, namely food thought suppression and desire thinking, in predicting binge eating among young adults controlling for established predictors of this condition. A total of 338 university students (268 females) participated in this study by completing a battery of questionnaires measuring the study variables. Path analysis revealed that impulsivity was not associated with binge eating, that Body Mass Index and negative emotions predicted binge eating, and that irrational food beliefs only influenced binge eating via food thought suppression and desire thinking...
January 10, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131005/rigid-dietary-control-flexible-dietary-control-and-intuitive-eating-evidence-for-their-differential-relationship-to-disordered-eating-and-body-image-concerns
#9
Jake Linardon, Sarah Mitchell
This study aimed to replicate and extend from Tylka, Calogero, and Daníelsdóttir (2015) findings by examining the relationship between rigid control, flexible control, and intuitive eating on various indices of disordered eating (i.e., binge eating, disinhibition) and body image concerns (i.e., shape and weight over-evaluation, body checking, and weight-related exercise motivations). This study also examined whether the relationship between intuitive eating and outcomes was mediated by dichotomous thinking and body appreciation...
January 23, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128041/barriers-and-enablers-to-academic-health-leadership
#10
Aleem Bharwani, Theresa Kline, Margaret Patterson, Peter Craighead
Purpose This study sought to identify the barriers and enablers to leadership enactment in academic health-care settings. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interviews ( n = 77) with programme stakeholders (medical school trainees, university leaders, clinical leaders, medical scientists and directors external to the medical school) were conducted, and the responses content-analysed. Findings Both contextual and individual factors were identified as playing a role in affecting academic health leadership enactment that has an impact on programme development, success and maintenance...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103978/-cosmetological-thinking-and-methods-in-tcm-in-the-sui-tang-dynasty
#11
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099136/alexithymia-and-automatic-processing-of-emotional-stimuli-a-systematic-review
#12
Uta-Susan Donges, Thomas Suslow
Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in recognizing and verbalizing emotions and the utilization of a cognitive style that is oriented toward external events, rather than intrapsychic experiences. Alexithymia is considered a vulnerability factor influencing onset and course of many psychiatric disorders. Even though emotions are, in general, elicited involuntarily and emerge without conscious effort, it is surprising that little attention in etiological considerations concerning alexithymia has been given to deficits in automatic emotion processing and their neurobiological bases...
January 18, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079497/meanings-of-waves-electroencephalography-and-society-in-mexico-city-1940-1950
#13
Nuria Valverde Pérez
Argument This paper focuses on the uses of electroencephalograms (EEGs) in Mexico during their introductory decade from 1940 to 1950. Following Borck (2006), I argue that EEGs adapted to fit local circumstances and that this adjustment led to the consolidation of different ways of making science and the emergence of new objects of study and social types. I also maintain that the way EEGs were introduced into the institutional networks of Mexico entangled them in discussions about the objective and juridical definitions of social groups, thereby preempting concerns about their technical and epistemic limitations...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076528/the-brief-life-of-norplant%C3%A2-in-brazil-controversies-and-reassemblages-between-science-society-and-state
#14
Ana Cristina de Lima Pimentel, Cláudia Bonan Jannotti, Paula Gaudenzi, Luiz Antonio da Silva Teixeira
Norplant® is the brand name of the world's first registered subdermal hormonal contraceptive implant, developed by the laboratories of the Population Council, an international organisation working in the area of fertility and population growth. The article revisits the trajectory of this contraceptive in Brazil from its arrival through clinical trials to its eventual ban in 1986 by the Brazilian regulatory agency responsible for approving medications at the time. Its circulation generated controversies related to research practices, side effects and political uses of the drug as a birth control method...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043015/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-two-styles-of-case-based-learning-implemented-in-lectures-for-developing-nursing-students-critical-thinking-ability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Shaohua Hong, Ping Yu
PURPOSE: To explore and compare the effectiveness of two styles of case-based learning methods, unfolding nursing case and usual nursing case, implemented in lectures for developing nursing students' critical thinking ability. METHODS: 122 undergraduate nursing students in four classes were taught the subject of medical nursing for one year. Two classes were randomly assigned as the experimental group and the other two the control group. The experimental group received the lectures presenting unfolding nursing cases and the control group was taught the usual cases...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035741/does-empowerment-mediate-the-effects-of-psychological-factors-on-mental-health-well-being-and-recovery-in-young-people
#16
Annmarie Grealish, Sara Tai, Andrew Hunter, Richard Emsley, Trevor Murrells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: There is consensus that empowerment is key to recovery from mental health problems, enabling a person to take charge of their life and make informed choices and decisions about their life. However, little is known about the mechanisms through which empowerment affects mental health in young people. The current study involved young people aged 16-29 years and examined empowerment as a potential mediator of the relationship between psychological factors (psychosocial, cognition, coping, and control) and mental health, well-being, and recovery from personal problems...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993247/-personality-traits-screening-in-a-colombian-adult-population-sample-colombian-national-survey-of-mental-health-2015
#17
Gabriel Fernando Oviedo, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Martín Rondón, Juan Pablo Borda Bohigas, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Personality refers to the individual style in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. Traits may configure a personality disorder when there is a long-lasting rigid pattern of inner experience that deviates from the expectations of the individual's culture, are inflexible and form maladaptative schemes in different interpersonal scenarios. Given the pervasiveness of this structure, they cause impairment of functioning in the affected person. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of personality traits in all selected adults, using the module-structured interview WHO WHM-CIDI-CAPI for clusters A, B and C of personality traits...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982507/cognitive-processing-in-the-aftermath-of-relationship-dissolution-associations-with-concurrent-and-prospective-distress-and-posttraumatic-growth
#18
Adriana Del Palacio-González, David A Clark, Lucia F O'Sullivan
Non-marital romantic relationship dissolution is amongst the most stressful life events experienced by young adults. Yet, some individuals experience posttraumatic growth following relationship dissolution. Little is known about the specific and differential contribution of trait-like and event-specific cognitive processing styles to each of these outcomes. A longitudinal design was employed in which trait-like (brooding and reflection) and dissolution-specific (intrusive and deliberate) cognitive processing was examined as predictors of growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory) and distress (Breakup Distress Scale) following a recent relationship dissolution...
December 16, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955643/mindsurf-a-pilot-study-to-assess-the-usability-and-acceptability-of-a-smartphone-app-designed-to-promote-contentment-wellbeing-and-goal-achievement
#19
Timothy A Carey, Jennifer Haviland, Sara J Tai, Thea Vanags, Warren Mansell
BACKGROUND: The Method of Levels (MOL) is a transdiagnostic cognitive therapy that promotes contentment, wellbeing, and goal achievement through the resolution of internal conflicts underlying psychological distress. MOL, based on Perceptual Control Theory (PCT), was developed in routine clinical practice and has been used effectively across different health services by different practitioners. Access to MOL-style questions through a smartphone app could, potentially, help both the general public maintain robust mental health, and also be a useful adjunct to therapy for clinical populations...
December 12, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#20
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
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