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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922841/stress-resiliency-practices-in-neonatal-nurses
#1
Lisa M Pannell, Lynn Rowe, Salena Tully
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental changes were experienced in a large level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) causing a perception of work-related stress leading to high nurse turnover, decreased engagement, and decreased satisfaction. PURPOSE: To identify a preintervention measure of perceived stress resiliency and ranking of interpretive styles in a population of neonatal, bedside registered nurses faced with a change in the physical practice environment...
December 5, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911470/posttraumatic-rumination-content-correlates-and-processes
#2
Christine E Valdez, Michelle M Lilly
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related rumination (i.e., repetitive and recurrent thinking about trauma and its consequences) has shown to predict the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, though little is known about its characteristics. The purpose of this study was to examine trauma-related ruminative content, correlates, and processes during a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview. METHOD: A total of 63 female survivors of violence completed questionnaires assessing trauma-related pathology and participated in a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview, which was qualitatively coded...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906527/behavioral-epigenetics
#3
David S Moore
Why do we grow up to have the traits we do? Most 20th century scientists answered this question by referring only to our genes and our environments. But recent discoveries in the emerging field of behavioral epigenetics have revealed factors at the interface between genes and environments that also play crucial roles in development. These factors affect how genes work; scientists now know that what matters as much as which genes you have (and what environments you encounter) is how your genes are affected by their contexts...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895510/the-psychological-profile-of-women-presenting-to-a-multidisciplinary-clinic-for-chronic-pelvic-pain-high-levels-of-psychological-dysfunction-and-implications-for-practice
#4
Christina Bryant, Rebecca Cockburn, Anne-Florence Plante, Angela Chia
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is widely acknowledged as a common problem with significant consequences for those diagnosed with this condition. There is a lack of studies with good sample size that provide a comprehensive psychological profile of women presenting to specialist chronic pain clinics. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the psychological profile of a representative sample of women presenting with CPP at a tertiary referral center. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893907/patterns-and-perceptions-of-asynchronous-video-discussion-in-a-graduate-health-sciences-course
#5
Mollie Cummins, Naresh Sundar Rajan, Chad Hodge, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
BACKGROUND: Studies of graduate online education indicate a need for increased interaction among students and faculty. However, it can be challenging to foster a high level of scholarly interaction and engagement in fully online courses. The objective of this study was to evaluate student perceptions and participation patterns related to online, asynchronous video discussion in a graduate health sciences course. METHOD: An asynchronous video discussion was piloted in a 2014 interprofessional informatics course and students were subsequently surveyed to determine their perceptions of this approach...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#6
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846417/threat-interpretation-and-parental-influences-for-children-with-asthma-and-anxiety
#7
Gemma Sicouri, Louise Sharpe, Jennifer L Hudson, Jo Dudeney, Adam Jaffe, Hiran Selvadurai, Sarah Lorimer, Caroline Hunt
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in children with asthma yet very little is known about the cognitive and parent factors that may underpin this relationship. The present study investigated interpretation biases in children with asthma and anxiety and their parents, and whether parent-child discussions influenced children's interpretations. Eighty-nine parent-child dyads were included across four groups: children with asthma and anxiety, children with anxiety only, children with asthma only and healthy children (aged between 8 and 13 years old)...
November 10, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816907/new-horizons-in-design-for-autonomous-ageing
#8
REVIEW
Tischa J M van der Cammen, Armagan Albayrak, Ena Voûte, Johan F M Molenbroek
The world is ageing rapidly. Between 2000 and 2050, the number of people aged ≥65 will double as a proportion of the global population, from 7% to 16%, respectively. By 2050, for the first time in human history, there will be more older people than children (aged 0-14 years) in the population. More distinctive is the tremendous increase in the oldest old aged ≥85. This challenges society to adapt, in order to maximise the health and functional capacity of older people as well as their social participation and security...
November 5, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795968/designing-a-model-for-critical-thinking-development-in-aja-university-of-medical-sciences
#9
Mahyar Mafakheri Laleh, Mojgan Mohammadimehr, Sanaz Zargar Balaye Jame
INTRODUCTION: In the new concept of medical education, creativity development is an important goal. The aim of this research was to identify a model for developing critical thinking among students with the special focus on learning environment and learning style. METHODS: This applied and cross-sectional study was conducted among all students studying in undergraduate and professional doctorate programs in Fall Semester 2013-2014 in AJA University of Medical Sciences (N=777)...
October 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791394/differential-influence-of-asynchrony-in-early-and-late-chronotypes-on-convergent-thinking
#10
Péter Simor, Bertalan Polner
Eveningness preference (late chronotype) was previously associated with different personality dimensions and thinking styles that were linked to creativity, suggesting that evening-type individuals tend to be more creative than the morning-types. Nevertheless, empirical data on the association between chronotype and creative performance is scarce and inconclusive. Moreover, cognitive processes related to creative thinking are influenced by other factors such as sleep and the time of testing. Therefore, our aim was to examine convergent and divergent thinking abilities in late and early chronotypes, taking into consideration the influence of asynchrony (optimal versus nonoptimal testing times) and sleep quality...
October 28, 2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783011/advances-and-innovations-in-microsurgery
#11
Julie E Park, David W Chang
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. summarize the evolution of perforator, chimeric, and free style flaps; 2. define and give examples of supermicrosurgery as well as understand its application in treatment of lymphedema; and 3. appreciate the development and advancements of composite tissue allotransplantation. SUMMARY: Although microsurgery may seem like a highly specialized niche within plastic surgery, it is more than just a discipline that focuses on small anastomoses...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756927/relationship-between-student-pharmacist-decision-making-preferences-and-experiential-learning
#12
Charlene R Williams, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Wendy C Cox, Greene Shepherd
Objective. To determine if student pharmacists' preferences towards experiential and rational thinking are associated with performance on advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) and whether thinking style preference changes following APPEs. Methods. The Rational Experiential Inventory (REI), a validated survey of thinking style, was administered to student pharmacists before starting APPEs and re-administered after completing APPEs. APPE grades were compared to initial REI scores. Results. Rational Experiential Inventory scores remained consistent before and after APPEs...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745723/-psychological-processes-of-stress-management-and-neuroendocrine-regulation-in-incarcerated-adolescent-offenders-a-pilot-study
#13
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741270/can-learning-a-foreign-language-foster-analytic-thinking-evidence-from-chinese-efl-learners-writings
#14
Jingyang Jiang, Jinghui Ouyang, Haitao Liu
Language is not only the representation of thinking, but also shapes thinking. Studies on bilinguals suggest that a foreign language plays an important and unconscious role in thinking. In this study, a software-Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count 2007-was used to investigate whether the learning of English as a foreign language (EFL) can foster Chinese high school students' English analytic thinking (EAT) through the analysis of their English writings with our self-built corpus. It was found that: (1) learning English can foster Chinese learners' EAT...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734751/number-comparison-and-number-ordering-as-predictors-of-arithmetic-performance-in-adults-exploring-the-link-between-the-two-skills-and-investigating-the-question-of-domain-specificity
#15
Kinga Morsanyi, Eileen O'Mahony, Teresa McCormack
Recent evidence has highlighted the important role that number-ordering skills play in arithmetic abilities, both in children and adults. In the current study, we demonstrated that number comparison and ordering skills were both significantly related to arithmetic performance in adults, and the effect size was greater in the case of ordering skills. Additionally, we found that the effect of number comparison skills on arithmetic performance was mediated by number-ordering skills. Moreover, performance on comparison and ordering tasks involving the months of the year was also strongly correlated with arithmetic skills, and participants displayed similar (canonical or reverse) distance effects on the comparison and ordering tasks involving months as when the tasks included numbers...
November 8, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708952/rumination-modulates-stress-and-other-psychological-processes-in-fibromyalgia
#16
Katrina Malin, Geoffrey Owen Littlejohn
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by widespread pain and high levels of sleep disturbance, fatigue, and altered cognition. Psychological stress can modulate these features. In this study, we examined the thinking style of rumination in women with FM to assess the effect of rumination on stress levels and other psychological variables in FM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-eight women with FM completed questionnaires to assess levels of rumination, stress, anxiety, depression, optimism, control, and coping...
December 2015: Eur J Rheumatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703767/mental-capacity-to-consent-to-treatment-in-anorexia-nervosa-explorative-study
#17
Isis F F M Elzakkers, Unna N Danner, Hans W Hoek, Annemarie A van Elburg
BACKGROUND: Mental capacity to consent to treatment in anorexia nervosa is a neglected area in clinical decision-making. AIMS: To examine clinical and neuropsychological parameters associated with diminished mental capacity in anorexia nervosa. METHOD: An explorative study was conducted in 70 adult female patients with severe anorexia nervosa. Mental capacity to consent to treatment was assessed by experienced psychiatrists. Further measurements included the MacCAT-T (to assess mental capacity status), a range of clinical measures (body mass index (BMI) and comorbidity) and neuropsychological tests assessing decision-making, central coherence and set-shifting capacity...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690064/the-built-environment-a-missing-cause-of-the-causes-of-non-communicable-diseases
#18
Kelvin L Walls, Mikael Boulic, John W D Boddy
The United Nations "25 × 25 Strategy" of decreasing non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases, by 25% by 2025 does not appear to take into account all causes of NCDs. Its focus is on a few diseases, which are often linked with life-style factors with "voluntary" "modifiable behavioral risk factors" causes tending towards an over-simplification of the issues. We propose to add some aspects of our built environment related to hazardous building materials, and detailed form of the construction of infrastructure and buildings, which we think are some of the missing causes of NCDs...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689853/communicating-conservation-status-how-different-statistical-assessment-criteria-affect-perceptions-of-extinction-risk
#19
Hwanseok Song, Jonathon P Schuldt
Although alternative forms of statistical and verbal information are routinely used to convey species' extinction risk to policymakers and the public, little is known about their effects on audience information processing and risk perceptions. To address this gap in literature, we report on an experiment that was designed to explore how perceptions of extinction risk differ as a function of five different assessment benchmarks (Criteria A-E) used by scientists to classify species within IUCN Red List risk levels (e...
September 30, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685154/the-impact-of-negative-emotions-on-self-concept-abstraction-depends-on-accessible-information-processing-styles
#20
Linda M Isbell, Daniel R Rovenpor, Elicia C Lair
Research suggests that anger promotes global, abstract processing whereas sadness and fear promote local, concrete processing (see Schwarz & Clore, 2007 for a review). Contrary to a large and influential body of work suggesting that specific affective experiences are tethered to specific cognitive outcomes, the affect-as-cognitive-feedback account maintains that affective experiences confer positive or negative value on currently dominant processing styles, and thus can lead to either global or local processing (Huntsinger, Isbell, & Clore, 2014)...
October 2016: Emotion
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