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Fecal immunochemical testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906448/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multicomponent-targeted-low-literacy-educational-intervention-compared-with-a-nontargeted-intervention-to-boost-colorectal-cancer-screening-with-fecal-immunochemical-testing-in-community-clinics
#1
Stacy N Davis, Shannon M Christy, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Rania Abdulla, Steven K Sutton, Alyssa R Schmidt, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Vani N Simmons, Chukwudi B Ufondu, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard G Roetzheim, David Shibata, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to improve colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). The current study investigated the differential impact of a multicomponent, targeted, low-literacy educational intervention compared with a standard, nontargeted educational intervention. METHODS: Patients aged 50 to 75 years who were of average CRC risk and not up-to-date with CRC screening were recruited from either a federally qualified health center or a primary care community health clinic...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905896/the-impact-of-medical-tourism-on-colorectal-screening-among-korean-americans-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Linda K Ko, Victoria M Taylor, Jihye Yoon, Wade K Copeland, Joo Ha Hwang, Eun Jeong Lee, John Inadomi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Korean Americans (KAs) in part due to low screening rates. Recent studies suggest that some KA patients engage in medical tourism and receive medical care in their home country. The impact of medical tourism on CRC screening is unknown. The purpose of this paper was to 1) investigate the frequency of medical tourism, 2) examine the association between medical tourism and CRC screening, and 3) characterize KA patients who engage in medical tourism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895817/current-noninvasive-tests-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-an-overview-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-tests
#3
REVIEW
Le-Le Song, Yue-Min Li
Colorectal cancer (CRC) has become the third most common cancer in the world. Screening has been shown to be an effective way to identify early CRC and precancerous lesions, and to reduce its morbidity and mortality. Several types of noninvasive tests have been developed for CRC screening, including the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), the fecal-based DNA test and the blood-based DNA test (the SEPT9 assay). FIT has replaced FOBT and become the major screening test due to high sensitivity, specificity and low costs...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893135/screening-for-colorectal-cancer-and-evolving-issues-for-physicians-and-patients-a-review
#4
REVIEW
David Lieberman, Uri Ladabaum, Marcia Cruz-Correa, Carla Ginsburg, John M Inadomi, Lawrence S Kim, Francis M Giardiello, Richard C Wender
Importance: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second-leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Screening can reduce CRC mortality and incidence, and numerous screening options, although available, complicate informed decision making. This review provides evidence-based tools for primary care physicians to identify patients with higher-than-average-risk and engage patients in informed decision making about CRC screening options. Observations: Recently, the US Preventive Services Task Force recommended any of 8 CRC screening approaches for average-risk individuals, beginning at age 50 years...
November 22, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890769/real-time-monitoring-of-results-during-first-year-of-dutch-colorectal-cancer-screening-program-and-optimization-by-altering-fecal-immunochemical-test-cut-off-levels
#5
Esther Toes-Zoutendijk, Monique E van Leerdam, Evelien Dekker, Frank van Hees, Corine Penning, Iris Nagtegaal, Miriam P van der Meulen, Anneke J van Vuuren, Ernst J Kuipers, Johannes M G Bonfrer, Katharina Biermann, Maarten G J Thomeer, Harriët van Veldhuizen, Sonja Kroep, Marjolein van Ballegooijen, Gerrit A Meijer, Harry J de Koning, Manon C W Spaander, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: After careful pilot studies and planning, the national screening program for colorectal cancer (CRC), with biennial fecal immunochemical tests (FITs), was initiated in the Netherlands in 2014. A national information system for real-time monitoring was developed to allow for timely evaluation. Data was collected from the first year of this screening program to determine the importance of planning and monitoring for optimal screening program performance. METHODS: The national information system of the CRC screening program kept track on the number of invitations sent in 2014, FIT kits returned, and colonoscopies performed...
November 24, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873508/are-hemorrhoids-associated-with-false-positive-fecal-immunochemical-test-results
#6
Nam Hee Kim, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn, Kyuyong Choi, Yoon Suk Jung
PURPOSE: False-positive (FP) results of fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) conducted in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening could lead to performing unnecessary colonoscopies. Hemorrhoids are a possible cause of FP FIT results; however, studies on this topic are extremely rare. We investigated whether hemorrhoids are associated with FP FIT results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at a university hospital in Korea from June 2013 to May 2015...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853376/diagnosis-reliability-of-combined-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-and-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-colorectal-neoplasia-screening
#7
Dana Iovanescu, Mirela Frandes, Diana Lungeanu, Amelia Burlea, Bogdan P Miutescu, Eftimie Miutescu
BACKGROUND: Employing colonoscopy, the gold standard in colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis testing, for CRC screening presents a significant risk of complications. Alternative methods with a lower invasive-level and fewer risks are proposed in combination, though each with lower diagnosis performance when applied separately. The main objective of this cross-sectional pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of a CRC screening program using combined flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal-immunochemical test (FIT)...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847280/serrated-polyp-detection-by-the-fecal-immunochemical-test-an-imperfect-fit
#8
EDITORIAL
Joseph C Anderson, Douglas J Robertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842559/dna-from-fecal-immunochemical-test-can-replace-stool-for-detection-of-colonic-lesions-using-a-microbiota-based-model
#9
Nielson T Baxter, Charles C Koumpouras, Mary A M Rogers, Mack T Ruffin, Patrick D Schloss
BACKGROUND: There is a significant demand for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening methods that are noninvasive, inexpensive, and capable of accurately detecting early stage tumors. It has been shown that models based on the gut microbiota can complement the fecal occult blood test and fecal immunochemical test (FIT). However, a barrier to microbiota-based screening is the need to collect and store a patient's stool sample. RESULTS: Using stool samples collected from 404 patients, we tested whether the residual buffer containing resuspended feces in FIT cartridges could be used in place of intact stool samples...
November 14, 2016: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824661/changes-in-health-behavior-1-year-after-testing-negative-at-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Markus D Knudsen, Anette Hjartåker, Marie K E Olsen, Geir Hoff, Thomas D Lange, Tomm Bernklev, Paula Berstad
When planning national screening programs, it is important to investigate potential changes in health behavior initiated by the screening. Knowledge of the consequences of different colorectal cancer (CRC) screening modalities for health behavior is limited. We aimed to investigate differences in 1-year health behavior changes after testing negative in CRC screening by one of two screening modalities. Participants of both sexes aged 50-74 years assigned randomly to five biennial rounds of fecal immunochemical test (FIT), one round of flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS), or no screening (control) were invited to complete a self-reported lifestyle questionnaire on smoking, body weight, physical activity, alcohol intake, and consumption of selected dietary items at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824639/age-adapted-variation-in-screening-interval-of-fecal-immunochemical-test-may-improve-its-participation-and-colonoscopy-acceptance
#11
Min Seob Kwak, Jae Myung Cha, Jin Young Yoon, Jung Won Jeon, Hyun Phil Shin, Kwang Ro Joo, Joung Il Lee
GOALS: We determined appropriate intervals for administering the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and performance outcomes in an Asian national colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program. BACKGROUND: The optimal interval for FIT in CRC screening is unclear, especially in Asian populations. STUDY: Between January 2009 and December 2015, 13,480 individuals aged 50 years or older with an initial negative FIT result underwent 2 rounds of FIT screening at intervals of 1 (annual group, 5333), 2 (biennial group, 7363), or 3 years (triennial group, 784)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796633/the-need-for-an-integrated-patient-navigation-pathway-to-improve-access-to-colonoscopy-after-positive-fecal-immunochemical-testing-a-safety-net-hospital-experience
#12
Sreedevi Thamarasseril, Taft Bhuket, Chuck Chan, Benny Liu, Robert J Wong
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Delays in access to colonoscopy following positive fecal immunochemical test (FIT) contribute to increased CRC incidence and mortality. To evaluate intervals from positive FIT result to receipt of colonoscopy among underserved safety-net populations. We retrospectively evaluated all average CRC risk adults who had positive FIT results from 2012 to 2015 at an ethnically diverse safety-net hospital system. Interval from positive FIT to receipt of colonoscopy was evaluated with Kaplan Meier methods and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793749/fresh-vs-frozen-samples-and-ambient-temperature-have-little-effect-on-detection-of-colorectal-cancer-or-adenomas-by-a-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-cohort-in-germany
#13
Hongda Chen, Simone Werner, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are used in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. We compared detection of CRCs and colorectal neoplasms by FITs using fresh samples (collected into buffer-filled tubes) vs frozen samples, and we assessed the effects of seasonal variations in ambient temperature on test performance. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 3466 individuals (50% male; mean age, 62 years) undergoing screening colonoscopies at 20 gastroenterology practices in southern Germany from November 2008 through the September 2014...
October 25, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779195/accuracy-of-ct-colonography-for-detection-of-polypoid-and-nonpolypoid-neoplasia-by-gastroenterologists-and-radiologists-a-nationwide-multicenter-study-in-japan
#14
Koichi Nagata, Shungo Endo, Tetsuro Honda, Takaaki Yasuda, Michiaki Hirayama, Sho Takahashi, Takashi Kato, Shoichi Horita, Ken Furuya, Kenji Kasai, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Yoshiki Kimura, Kenichi Utano, Hideharu Sugimoto, Hiroyuki Kato, Rieko Yamada, Junta Yamamichi, Takeshi Shimamoto, Yasuji Ryu, Osamu Matsui, Hitoshi Kondo, Ayako Doi, Taro Abe, Hiro-O Yamano, Ken Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Hanai, Yukihisa Saida, Katsuyuki Fukuda, Janne Näppi, Hiroyuki Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess prospectively the diagnostic accuracy of computer-assisted computed tomographic colonography (CTC) in the detection of polypoid (pedunculated or sessile) and nonpolypoid neoplasms and compare the accuracy between gastroenterologists and radiologists. METHODS: This nationwide multicenter prospective controlled trial recruited 1,257 participants with average or high risk of colorectal cancer at 14 Japanese institutions...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769517/recommendations-on-fecal-immunochemical-testing-to-screen-for-colorectal-neoplasia-a-consensus-statement-by-the-us-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#15
Douglas J Robertson, Jeffrey K Lee, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, David Lieberman, Theodore R Levin, Douglas K Rex
The use of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is supported by randomized trials demonstrating effectiveness in cancer prevention and widely recommended by guidelines for this purpose. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT), as a direct measure of human hemoglobin in stool has a number of advantages relative to conventional FOBT and is increasingly used relative to that test. This review summarizes current evidence for FIT in colorectal neoplasia detection and the comparative effectiveness of FIT relative to other commonly used CRC screening modalities...
October 18, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769516/recommendations-on-fecal-immunochemical-testing-to-screen-for%C3%A2-colorectal-neoplasia-a-consensus-statement-by-the-us-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#16
Douglas J Robertson, Jeffrey K Lee, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, David Lieberman, Theodore R Levin, Douglas K Rex
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753435/recommendations-on-fecal-immunochemical-testing-to-screen-for-colorectal-neoplasia-a-consensus-statement-by-the-us-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#17
Douglas J Robertson, Jeffrey K Lee, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, David Lieberman, Theodore R Levin, Douglas K Rex
The use of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is supported by randomized trials demonstrating effectiveness in cancer prevention and widely recommended by guidelines for this purpose. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT), as a direct measure of human hemoglobin in stool has a number of advantages relative to conventional FOBT and is increasingly used relative to that test. This review summarizes current evidence for FIT in colorectal neoplasia detection and the comparative effectiveness of FIT relative to other commonly used CRC screening modalities...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741536/reassessment-colonoscopy-to-diagnose-serrated-polyposis-syndrome-in-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-population
#18
Liseth Rivero-Sanchez, Maria Lopez-Ceron, Sabela Carballal, Leticia Moreira, Xavier Bessa, Anna Serradesanferm, Angels Pozo, Josep Maria Augé, Teresa Ocaña, Ariadna Sánchez, María Liz Leoz, Míriam Cuatrecasas, Jaume Grau, Josep Llach, Antoni Castells, Francesc Balaguer, Maria Pellisé
Background and study aims: Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) is a high risk condition for colorectal cancer (CRC). Surveillance strategies for patients with serrated lesions remain controversial. We aimed to evaluate a diagnostic strategy to detect SPS consistently during reassessment colonoscopy in patients with proximal serrated lesions. Methods: This was a retrospective study of all individuals from a fecal immunochemical test (FIT)-based CRC screening program (2010 - 2013) with one or more serrated lesions of ≥ 5 mm proximal to the sigmoid colon on baseline colonoscopy...
October 14, 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737964/regional-colorectal-cancer-screening-program-using-colonoscopy-on-an-island-a-prospective-nii-jima-study
#19
Kinichi Hotta, Takahisa Matsuda, Yasuo Kakugawa, Hiroaki Ikematsu, Nozomu Kobayashi, Ryoji Kushima, Atsushi Hozawa, Takeshi Nakajima, Taku Sakamoto, Mika Mori, Takahiro Fujii, Yutaka Saito
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer screening program using fecal immunochemical test had been conducted on an isolated island named Nii-jima. However, the participation rate of the program had been approximately 12%, which was lower than average level of Japan. This study aimed to evaluate the participation rate, safety and efficacy of a colorectal cancer screening program using colonoscopy on the island. METHODS: Educational campaigns were actively conducted every month using information bulletins and special propaganda pamphlets...
October 13, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732635/long-term-prediction-of-the-demand-of-colonoscopies-generated-by-a-population-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-program
#20
Mercè Comas, Joan Mendivil, Montserrat Andreu, Cristina Hernández, Xavier Castells
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the long-term need for colonoscopies after a positive fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and post-polypectomy surveillance in the context of a population-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program. METHODS: A discrete-event simulation model was built to reproduce the process of CRC screening and post-polypectomy surveillance following European guidelines in a population of 100,000 men and women aged 50-69 years over a 20-year period. Screening consisted of biennial FIT and colonoscopy in participants with positive results...
2016: PloS One
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