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L Bustamante-Lopez, M Sulbaran, C Sakai, E G de Moura, L Bustamante-Perez, C S Nahas, S C Nahas, I Cecconello, P Sakai
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Rectal prolapse is common in the elderly, having an incidence of 1% in patients over 65years of age. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a new endoluminal procedure for attaching the previously mobilized rectum to the anterior abdominal wall using an endoscopic fixation device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a single-arm phasei experimental trial. Under general anesthesia, total rectal prolapse was surgically reproduced in five pigs...
October 4, 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Patrick B Murphy, Kerollos Wanis, Christopher M Schlachta, Nawar A Alkhamesi
: INTRODUCTION; Surgical management of external rectal prolapse (ERP) remains a challenge with the breadth of choices available and varies on the international, national, regional and locoregional level. Significant innovation has led to new techniques to manage ERP including changes to both abdominal and perineal approaches. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION; A systematic, English-language search of major databases was conducted from 2006-2016. From 636 papers two reviewers identified 24 studies which compared two or more surgical techniques in adult patients with rectal prolapse and reported on complications, quality of life or recurrence...
October 6, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
F Borie, T Coste, J M Bigourdan, F Guillon
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic-related infection and erosion occurring after a laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR) are rare complications, and their importance is often underestimated. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence rate and surgical management of these complications in LVR patients with polyester (PE) or polypropylene (PP) prostheses. METHODS: From January 2004 to June 2012, 149 patients underwent LVR with PE and 176 underwent LVR with PP. Surgical management and rate of infectious and erosive prosthesis-related complications, depending on the type of prosthesis, were described and compared...
October 3, 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Muhammad Naeem, Mariyah Anwer, Muhammad Shamim Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To find out the short term outcomes of effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse. METHODS: It was a descriptive case series study of 31 consecutive patients of rectal prolapse in Colorectal division of Ward 2, Department of General surgery, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Center, Karachi, from November 2009 to November 2015. These patients were admitted through outpatient department with complains of something coming out of anus, constipation and per rectal bleeding...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
T Rautio, J Mäkelä-Kaikkonen, M Vaarala, M Kairaluoma, J Kössi, M Carpelan-Holmström, S Salmenkylä, P Ohtonen, J Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy has been used to treat male patients with external rectal prolapse, but evidence to support this approach is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of this new abdominal rectopexy surgical technique in men. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter study. Adult male patients who were operated on for external rectal prolapse using ventral rectopexy in five tertiary hospitals in Finland between 2006 and 2014 were included in the study...
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Jan J van Iersel, Chris J de Witte, Paul M Verheijen, Ivo A M J Broeders, Egbert Lenters, Esther C J Consten, Steven E Schraffordt Koops
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor disorders are a major public health issue. For female genital prolapse, sacrocolpopexy is the gold standard. Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy is a relatively new and promising technique correcting rectal prolapse. There is no literature combining the 2 robotically assisted techniques. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the safety, quality of life, and functional and sexual outcomes of robot-assisted sacrocolporectopexy for multicompartment prolapse of the pelvic floor...
October 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
L Wagner, G Meurette, A Vidart, S Warembourg, J-B Terassa, N Berrogain, E Ragni, L Le Normand
INTRODUCTION: Open sacrocolpopexy have demonstrated its efficiency in surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse with an important backward on a large number of patients. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy reproduced the same surgical technique with reduced morbidity and may benefits from the recent development of robotic. Numerous technical variants have been developped around the original procedure but results seems not ever equivalent. Our objectives are to establish practical recommendations issues from the data of the litterature on the various technical aspects of this technique...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Jennifer Hrabe, Brooke Gurland
Rectal prolapse is associated with debilitating symptoms and leads to both functional impairment and anatomic distortion. Symptoms include rectal bulge, mucous drainage, bleeding, incontinence, constipation, tenesmus, as well as discomfort, pressure, and pain. The only cure is surgical. The optimal surgical repair is not yet defined though laparoscopic rectopexy with mesh is emerging as a more durable approach. The chosen approach should be individually tailored, taking into account factors such as presence of pelvic floor defects and coexistence of vaginal prolapse, severe constipation, surgical fitness, and whether the patient has had a previous prolapse procedure...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
J-L Faucheron, B Trilling, S Barbois, P-Y Sage, P-A Waroquet, F Reche
BACKGROUND: Ventral rectopexy to the promontory has become one of the most strongly advocated surgical treatments for patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse and deep enterocele. Despite its challenges, laparoscopic ventral rectopexy with or without robotic assistance for selected patients can be performed with relatively minimal patient trauma thus creating the potential for same-day discharge. The aim of this prospective case-controlled study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and cost of day case robotic ventral rectopexy compared with routine day case laparoscopic ventral rectopexy...
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
S Kersting, K-P Jung, E Berg
BACKGROUND: In rectopexy the use of meshes provides stability by mechanical support as well as by the induction of scar formation; however, one of the problems of conventional methods of mesh rectopexy is that many patients postoperatively suffer from functional disorders, such as fecal incontinence and stool evacuation disorders. One reason is the damage of vegetative nerves following dorsal and lateral mobilization of the rectum, which is required for positioning of the mesh. In 2004 D'Hoore and Penninckx first described the method of ventral rectopexy, a new technique of mesh rectopexy which allows preservation of the autonomic nerves...
August 11, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Philip H Pucher, Damian Mayo, Anthony R Dixon, Andrew Clarke, Michael J Lamparelli
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR) is an effective and well-recognised treatment for symptoms of obstructive defecation in the context of rectal prolapse and recto-rectal intussusception. However, due to the technical complexity of VMR, a significant learning curve has been previously described. This paper examines the effect of proctored adoption of VMR on learning curves, operative times, and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective database analysis of two district general hospitals was conducted, with inclusion of all cases performed by two surgeons since first adoption of the procedure in 2007-2015...
August 5, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Muhammad A Javed, Faryal G Afridi, Dmitri Y Artioukh
AIM: To report our experience with perineal repair (Delorme's procedure) of rectal prolapse with particular focus on treatment of the recurrence. METHODS: Clinical records of 40 patients who underwent Delorme's procedure between 2003 and 2014 were reviewed to obtain the following data: Gender; duration of symptoms, length of prolapse, operation time, ASA grade, length of post-operative stay, procedure-related complications, development and treatment of recurrent prolapse...
July 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
A Tsunoda, T Takahashi, T Ohta, H Kusanagi
AIM: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR) is considered an effective treatment for rectal prolapse and/or rectoanal intussusception. After the dissection of the rectovaginal septum down to the pelvic floor, a strip of mesh is introduced and should be secured as distally as possible. We have developed a novel technique of introducing the mesh at the distal dissection. METHOD: A nylon thread with straight needle was passed through the posterior wall of vagina at the distal extent of the dissection, which was caught in the abdominal cavity and fixed at the end of the mesh extracorporeally...
September 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
P Ihnát, P Guňková, P Vávra, M Lerch, M Peteja, A Pelikán, P Zonča
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive defecation syndrome (ODS) presents a common medical problem, which can be caused by various pelvic disorders; multiple disorders are frequently diagnosed. At the present, a high number of corrective techniques are available via various surgical approaches. Laparoscopic resection rectopexy is a minimally invasive technique, which comprises redundant sigmoidal resection with rectal mobilisation and fixation. METHODS: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic resection rectopexy in the treatment of patients with ODS...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Ghada Morshed Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, laparoscopic mesh rectopexy is performed with four ports, in an attempt to improve cosmetic results. Following laparoscopic mesh rectopexy there is a new operative technique called single-port laparoscopic mesh rectopexy. AIM: To evaluate the single-port laparoscopic mesh rectopexy technique in control of rectal prolapse and the cosmesis and body image issues of this technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in El Fayoum University Hospital between July 2013 and November 2014 in elective surgery for symptomatic rectal prolapse with single-port laparoscopic mesh rectopexy on 10 patients...
2016: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Jan J van Iersel, Tim J C Paulides, Paul M Verheijen, John W Lumley, Ivo A M J Broeders, Esther C J Consten
External and internal rectal prolapse with their affiliated rectocele and enterocele, are associated with debilitating symptoms such as obstructed defecation, pelvic pain and faecal incontinence. Since perineal procedures are associated with a higher recurrence rate, an abdominal approach is commonly preferred. Despite the description of greater than three hundred different procedures, thus far no clear superiority of one surgical technique has been demonstrated. Ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR) is a relatively new and promising technique to correct rectal prolapse...
June 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Sameh Hany Emile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Johanna K Mäkelä-Kaikkonen, Tero T Rautio, Sari Koivurova, Eija Pääkkö, Pasi Ohtonen, Fausto Biancari, Jyrki T Mäkelä
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To compare the effect of laparoscopic and robot-assisted ventral rectopexy for posterior compartment procidentia on the pelvic floor anatomy and function. METHODS: A prospective randomised single-centre study was carried out of 29 female patients, who underwent robot-assisted or laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy for external or internal rectal prolapse with symptoms of obstructive defecation and/or faecal incontinence. Anatomical changes were measured by Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) and magnetic resonance defecography...
June 1, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Karl Jallad, Brooke Gurland
Rectal prolapse and vaginal prolapse have traditionally been treated as separate entities despite sharing a common pathophysiology. This compartmentalized approach often leads to frustration and suboptimal outcomes. In recent years, there has been a shift to a more patient-centered, multidisciplinary approach. Procedures to repair pelvic organ prolapse are divided into three categories: abdominal, perineal, and a combination of both. Most commonly, a combined minimally invasive abdominal sacral colpopexy and ventral rectopexy is performed to treat concomitant rectal and vaginal prolapse...
June 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Sameh Hany Emile, Hosam Elbanna, Mohamed Youssef, Waleed Thabet, Waleed Omar, Ayman Elshobaky, Tito M Abd El-Hamed, Mohamed Farid
AIM: Various surgical operations have been devised for the treatment of rectal prolapse, yet no ideal procedure has been described. The present study aims to compare the clinical and functional outcome of laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) and Delorme's operation for complete rectal prolapse. METHOD: Fifty patients with complete rectal prolapse were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly selected to undergo either LVMR or Delorme's procedure after clinical, manometeric, and radiological evaluation...
May 26, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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