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Sodium Potassium ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687159/the-effects-of-tolvaptan-dose-on-cardiac-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-after-hospital-discharge
#1
Kenji Matsumoto, Shoichi Ehara, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Keiko Otsuka, Yoshio Kawase
Tolvaptan (TLV) is a newly developed oral vasopressin-2 receptor antagonist that is mostly used for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) refractory to conventional diuretic therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of outpatient TLV dose on cardiac mortality in patients discharged after hospitalization for ADHF. One hundred and five patients with ADHF who had been treated with TLV for the first time during hospitalization were retrospectively divided into three groups based on outpatient TLV use and dose...
April 23, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663995/-risk-factors-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-critical-ill-patients
#2
Jianyu Fu, Hongying Bi, Yunsong Xia, Hui Fang, Xu Liu, Yan Tang, Difen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical features of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, and to explore the correlation between the routine detection index and the new-onset AF and to find out risk factors for new AF in critically ill patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The patients with AF admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from March 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into new-onset AF group and past-existed AF group according to their past history of AF (including persistent AF, paroxysmal AF or permanent AF)...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661658/is-transcellular-potassium-shifting-with-insulin-albuterol-or-sodium-bicarbonate-in-emergency-department-patients-with-hyperkalemia-associated-with-recurrent-hyperkalemia-after-dialysis
#3
Brian E Driver, Lauren R Klein, Chaitanya Chittineni, Ellen K Cales, Nathaniel Scott
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) treatment of hyperkalemia often involves shifting potassium into the intracellular space. There is uncertainty whether transcellular shifting causes insufficient potassium removal during hemodialysis, resulting in a subsequent need for further medical therapy or multiple sessions of hemodialysis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether transcellular potassium shifting in ED patients with hyperkalemia who undergo hemodialysis is associated with recurrent hyperkalemia with or without repeat hemodialysis within 24 h...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657001/accuracy-of-a-diagnostic-model-based-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-in-detecting-cows-at-an-increased-risk-of-chronic-fascioliasis
#4
Sławomir J Kowalczyk, Michał Czopowicz, Corinna N Weber, Elisabeth Müller, Jarosław Kaba
In adult cattle Fasciola hepatica infection usually follows a chronic subclinical course, and reduces both the milk yield and milk quality, resulting in considerable financial losses. Effective control of the disease is based on reliable identification of asymptomatically infected individuals, which now requires special parasitological or serological diagnostic tests. It is also known that F. hepatica infection induces alterations in some serum biochemical parameters. Therefore, the study was conducted to develop a model based on serum biochemical parameters allowing to identify cows at higher risk of chronic fascioliasis...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656252/assessing-the-effect-of-industrial-wastewater-on-soil-properties-and-physiological-and-nutritional-responses-of-robinia-pseudoacacia-cercis-siliquastrum-and-caesalpinia-gilliesii-seedlings
#5
Maryam Saffari Aman, Mohammad Jafari, Majid Karimpour Reihan, Babak Motesharezadeh, Salman Zare
The main aim of this study is to investigate the physical and chemical properties, including soil salinity, acidity, concentrations of macro-nutrients (phosphorus, potassium, and Calcium-Magnesium) and sodium adsorption ratio to the soil, physiological and nutritional traits of three plant species including Caesalpinia gilliesii, Robinia pseudoacacia, and Cercis siliquastrum. First, some sample were taken from the agricultural soils irrigated with wastewater. The results of initial soil test revealed that the irrigation with wastewater significantly increased sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), electrical conductivity (ECe), cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the soil (p < 0...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619577/effects-of-sodium-chloride-salinity-on-ecophysiological-and-biochemical-parameters-of-oak-seedlings-quercus-robur-l-from-use-of-de-icing-salts-for-winter-road-maintenance
#6
Xavier Laffray, Laurence Alaoui-Sehmer, Mohamed Bourioug, Pascale Bourgeade, Badr Alaoui-Sossé, Lotfi Aleya
Salt is widely used to melt snow on roads especially in mountain regions. Whether as rock salt or aerosols, spread or sprayed over road surfaces, salt may result in increased salt concentrations in soils, which, in turn, affect natural vegetation, especially tree seedlings already subjected to various other types of abiotic stress. The authors investigated the effects of salt treatment-related stress on seedling growth and certain biochemical parameters in Quercus robur to determine ion concentrations in root tips...
April 4, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617079/effect-of-phyllanthus-niruri-on-metabolic-parameters-of-patients-with-kidney-stone-a-perspective-for-disease-prevention
#7
Nidia D Pucci, Giovanni S Marchini, Eduardo Mazzucchi, Sabrina T Reis, Miguel Srougi, Denise Evazian, William C Nahas
Phyllanthus niruri (P.niruri) or stone breaker is a plant commonly used to reduce stone risk, however, clinical studies on this issue are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the effect of P. niruri on the urinary metabolic parameters of patients with urinary lithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 56 patients with kidney stones <10mm. Clinical, metabolic, and ultrasonography assessment was conducted before (baseline) the use of P. niruri infusion for 12-weeks (P...
March 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607892/novel-risk-score-efficiently-prevents-tolvaptan-induced-hypernatremic-events-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#8
Koichiro Kinugawa, Naoki Sato, Takayuki Inomata, Moriyoshi Yasuda, Yoshiyuki Shibasaki, Toshiyuki Shimakawa
BACKGROUND: It has been 7 years since tolvaptan was approved in Japan for the indication of heart failure in patients with volume overload; the drug can be used in patients with normonatremia. Hypernatremia was identified as a significant adverse event to be prevented.Methods and Results:We compiled and analyzed data from 3,349 patients over 5 years to identify patients at high risk of hypernatremia with tolvaptan treatment. The incidence of hypernatremia, defined as serum sodium ≥150 mEq/L, was 3...
March 31, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575501/liquid-chromatography-isotope-ratio-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-halogenated-benzoates-for-characterization-of-the-underlying-degradation-reaction-in-thauera-chlorobenzoica-cb-1-t
#9
Steffi Franke, Steffen Kümmel, Ivonne Nijenhuis
RATIONALE: Halogenated benzoic acids occur in the environment due to their widespread agricultural and pharmaceutical use. Compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) has developed over the last decades for investigation of in-situ transformation and reaction mechanisms of environmental pollutants amenable by gas chromatography (GC). As polar compounds are unsuitable for GC analysis we developed a method to perform liquid chromatography (LC)/CSIA for halogenated benzoates. METHODS: LC/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) utilizing a LC-Surveyor Pump coupled to a MAT 253 isotope ratio mass spectrometer via a LC-Isolink interface was applied...
March 25, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574372/post-wildfire-management-effects-on-short-term-evolution-of-soil-properties-catalonia-spain-sw-europe
#10
Marcos Francos, Paulo Pereira, Meritxell Alcañiz, Xavier Úbeda
Post-fire management practices after wildfires have an important impact on soil properties. Nevertheless, little research has been carried out. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of different post-wildfire forest management practices in a 10-month period immediately after a severe wildfire on soil properties. Two months after a wildfire, three experimental areas were designed, each one with different post-fire management: Cut and Remove (CR) where burned trunks were cut after fire and removed manually from the area; No Treatment (NT) where no intervention was carried out; and, Cut and Leave (CL) where burned trunks were cut and left randomly on topsoil...
March 22, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562428/-relationship-between-overnight-urinary-sodium-to-potassium-ratio-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#11
H H Liu, X M Gao, Y Li, Y Wu, L Zhou, J Z Mai, M Guo, Z Q Nie, Y Q Ou, Y F Wu, X Q Liu, L C Zhao
Objective: To explore the relationship between overnight urinary sodium to potassium ratio and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: A subsample of 10 percent of the participants (35-59 years old) from the People's Republic of China-United States Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular and Cardiopulmonary Epidemiology (prospective survey) were used. Three consecutive overnight urine samples were collected in the autumn of 1983-1984 and the spring in 1985-1986, respectively. Urinary sodium and potassium were detected and calculated for 8 hours excretion...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559724/effect-of-individualised-dietary-advice-for-weight-loss-supplemented-with-walnuts-on-blood-pressure-the-healthtrack-study
#12
Rhoda N Ndanuko, Linda C Tapsell, Karen E Charlton, Elizabeth P Neale, Marijka J Batterham
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In addition to weight-loss, healthy dietary patterns and lower sodium intakes can help reduce blood pressure (BP), but individualised dietary advice may be necessary to achieve these effects. This study aimed to examine the impact of individualised dietary advice on BP in the intensive phase of a weight-loss trial. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Secondary analysis of baseline and 3-month data from the HealthTrack randomised controlled trial (n = 211)...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554004/effects-of-high-salt-low-potassium-diet-on-blood-pressure-and-vascular-reactivity-in-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#13
Lebogang P Mokotedi, Frederic S Michel, Angela J Woodiwiss, Gavin R Norton, Aletta Me Millen
Sodium (Na)-intake increases vascular reactivity. Whether low potassium (K)-intake affects vascular reactivity associated blood pressure (BP) changes is uncertain. This study aimed to determine whether Na-induced increases in BP and vascular reactivity are altered by low K-intake. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to three dietary groups for six weeks: a standard Na-K diet (Control, n=12), a high Na-normal K diet (HS-NormK, n=12) and a high Na-low K diet (HS-LowK, n=12). BP was measured at baseline and after the dietary intervention...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553836/an-exaggerated-blood-pressure-response-to-exercise-is-associated-with-the-dietary-sodium-potassium-and-antioxidant-vitamin-intake-in-normotensive-subjects
#14
Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Masaharu Ikeda, Ying Jiang, Hiroshi Yamato
AIM: This study was designed to examine the associations between an exaggerated systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to exercise and the nutrient intake in normotensive subjects. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 302 normotensive subjects (64 males and 238 females; age, 48.4 ± 11.3 years) without a history of cardiovascular disease or stroke who were not taking any medications. Each subject performed a multistage graded submaximal exercise stress test using an electric bicycle ergometer, and their blood pressure was measured at rest and during the last minute of each stage...
March 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549495/24-h-urinary-sodium-to-potassium-ratio-and-its-association-with-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Nahid Rafie, Sahar Golpour Hamedani, Noushin Mohammadifard, Awat Feizi, Sayyed Morteza Safavi
PURPOSE: There are epidemiologic studies indicating a positive correlation between high sodium and low potassium intake and body mass index. Therefore, this study was conducted in a cross-sectional sample of Iranian children and adolescents to evaluate the link between 24-h urinary Na:K ratio and risk of obesity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 374 participants aged 11-18 years were included. One 24-h urine sample was collected by each participant to estimate Na:K ratio...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545733/sodium-and-potassium-urinary-excretion-and-their-ratio-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-nutrition-up-65-study
#16
Pedro Moreira, Ana S Sousa, Rita S Guerra, Alejandro Santos, Nuno Borges, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F Amaral, Patrícia Padrão
Background: We aimed to describe urinary sodium and potassium excretion and their ratio in a representative sample of Portuguese elderly population, according to sociodemographic characteristics and weight status. Methods: A cluster sampling approach was used, representing older Portuguese adults (≥65 years) according to age, sex, education level, and regional area within the Nutrition UP 65 study. This cross-sectional evaluation was conducted in 2015 and 2016...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538199/hypertensive-crisis-with-2-target-organ-impairment-induced-by-glycyrrhizin-a-case-report
#17
Jing Li, Xiaoli Fan, Qin Wang
RATIONALE: Glycyrrhizin is the main active component of licorice. Licorice and glycyrrhizin induced hypertension has been widely reported, yet licorice and glycyrrhizin induced hypertensive crisis has been rarely known. PATIENT CONCERNS: The case of this report was a 47-year-old woman, who took 225 mg of glycyrrhizin daily for 3 years due to primary biliary cholangitis. She was found to have a dramatically elevated blood pressure of about 230/110 mmHg without a history of hypertension and was referred to the emergency department...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520708/association-study-between-copy-number-variation-and-beef-fatty-acid-profile-of-nellore-cattle
#18
Marcos Vinicius Antunes de Lemos, Elisa Peripolli, Mariana Piatto Berton, Fabiele Loise Braga Feitosa, Bianca Ferreira Olivieri, Nedenia Bonvino Stafuzza, Rafael Lara Tonussi, Sabrina Kluska, Hermenegildo Lucas Justino Chiaia, Lenise Mueller, Adrielli Mathias Ferrinho, Angelica Simone Cravo Prereira, Henrique Nunes de Oliveira, Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque, Fernando Baldi
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between the copy number variation regions (CNVRs) and fatty acid profile phenotypes for saturated (SFA), monosaturated (MUFA), polyunsaturated (PUFA), ω6 and ω3 fatty acids, PUFA/SFA and ω6/ω3 ratios, as well as for their sums, in Nellore cattle (Bos primigenius indicus). A total of 963 males were finished in feedlot and slaughtered with approximately 2 years of age. Animals were genotyped with the BovineHD BeadChip (Illumina Inc., San Diego, CA, USA)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517441/age-related-changes-in-hematology-and-blood-biochemistry-values-in-endangered-wild-ring-tailed-lemurs-lemur-catta-at-the-bez%C3%A3-mahafaly-special-reserve-madagascar
#19
Cora L Singleton, Michelle L Sauther, Frank P Cuozzo, Ibrahim Antho Youssouf Jacky
The health of 44 wild ring-tailed lemurs ( Lemur catta) at the Bezà Mahafaly Special Reserve was assessed across three age classes: <5 yr (young), 5-9 yr (adult), and ≥10 yr (old). Hematology and biochemistry tests were performed manually (leukocyte count and differential, packed cell volume, total protein) and using a point-of-care analyzer (hematocrit, hemoglobin, glucose, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, ionized calcium, total carbon dioxide, anion gap), respectively. Urine specific gravity was measured via refractometry...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515175/effect-of-antibiotics-and-nsaids-on-cyclooxygenase-2-in-the-enamel-mineralization
#20
Clara Serna Muñoz, Amparo Pérez Silva, Francisco Solano, María Teresa Castells, Ascensión Vicente, Antonio José Ortiz Ruiz
The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in childhood could disturb enamel mineralization. Forty-two Swiss mice were divided into seven groups: controls; amoxicillin; amoxicillin/clavulanate; erythromycin; acetaminophen; ibuprofen and celecoxib, to inhibit cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2). SEM-EDX analysis was conducted on all cusps of the third molars. Calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), aluminum, potassium, sodium, magnesium and chlorine were quantified...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
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