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Sodium Potassium ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646831/assessment-of-differences-in-nutrients-consumption-in-women-diagnosed-with-osteoporosis-as-compared-to-a-healthy-control-group
#1
Agata Wawrzyniak, Patrycja Klimczyk, Agnieszka Woźniak, Anna Anyżewska, Magdalena Leonkiewicz
Background: Osteoporosis is a condition that has been much more frequent for women, which is related to menopause and to their lower bone mineral density (BMD). Inappropriate diet is among the development factors of the disease. Objective: To assess differences in consumption of particular nutrients among women with and without osteoporosis diagnosed. Material and Methods: The study was conducted in 2013 in a group of 100 women aged 51-70, using a questionnaire, including a 24-hour recall related to a participant’s nutrients consumptions...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633392/can-estimation-of-sodium-intake-be-improved-by-borrowing-information-from-other-variables
#2
Lawrence J Appel, David R Jacobs
Estimation of dietary sodium intake is problematic. The most accurate measure is average sodium excretion from multiple 24 hour urine collections, but such an approach is impractical. Using data from the Women's Health Initiative, Prentice and colleagues assessed the relationship of calibrated estimates of sodium and potassium excretion with cardiovascular outcomes. The calibrated estimates are a function of self-reported sodium/potassium ratio from a food frequency questionnaire, age, body mass index, race, supplement use, smoking status, education, income, and aspirin use...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633342/biomarker-calibrated-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-postmenopausal-women
#3
Ross L Prentice, Ying Huang, Marian L Neuhouser, JoAnn E Manson, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Fridtjof Thomas, Lesley F Tinker, Matthew Allison, Karen C Johnson, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Arjun Seth, Jacques E Rossouw, James Shikany, Laura D Carbone, Lisa W Martin, Marcia L Stefanick, Bernhard Haring, Linda Van Horn
Studies of sodium and potassium intake and cardiovascular disease incidence often rely on self-reported dietary data. Here self-reported intakes from postmenopausal women at 40 participating U.S. clinical centers are calibrated using 24-hour urinary excretion measures in Women's Health Initiative cohorts, with follow-up over 1993-2010. Hypertension incidence related positively to (calibrated) sodium intake and to the ratio of sodium-to-potassium. The sodium-to-potassium ratio was associated with cardiovascular disease incidence during a 12-year average follow-up period...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625323/assessment-of-sodium-and-potassium-intake-by-24%C3%A2-h-urinary-excretion-in-a-healthy-mexican-cohort
#4
Maite Vallejo, Eloisa Colín-Ramírez, Susana Rivera Mancía, Raúl Cartas Rosado, Magdalena Madero, Oscar Infante Vázquez, Jesús Vargas-Barrón
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A high dietary sodium intake and a low potassium intake are associated with adverse cardiovascular health. Data on these nutrients consumption in Mexico is limited. The aim of this study was to assess sodium and potassium intake by 24 h urinary excretion in a clinically healthy Mexican population. We additionally explored their association with blood pressure. METHODS: 711 clinically healthy participants aged 20-50 years old recruited in the Tlalpan 2020 cohort from September 2014-December 2015, were included in this cross-sectional analysis...
February 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622115/ppar%C3%AE-2-c1431t-polymorphism-interacts-with-the-antiobesogenic-effects-of-kochujang-a-korean-fermented-soybean-based-red-pepper-paste-in-overweight-obese-subjects-a-12-week-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Yunkyoung Lee, Youn-Soo Cha, Yongsoon Park, Myoungsook Lee
Kochujang, a Korean fermented soybean-based red pepper paste, has been reported to have beneficial health effects. The aim of this study was to examine the antiobesity effects of Kochujang as a supplement in overweight/obese subjects according polymorphisms in the obesity-linked gene, peroxisome proliferator activator receptor γ (PPARγ2). Sixty overweight/obese subjects, who had body mass indexes (BMI, kg/m(2)) ≥23 or waist/hip ratios (WHR) ≥0.90 for males or ≥0.85 for females, were randomly assigned to either taking 32 g/day of placebo or Kochujang for 12 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610565/the-influence-of-dehydration-on-the-prognosis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-for-patients-treated-with-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#6
Fei-Fan Wu, Yen-Chu Hung, Y H Tsai, Jen-Tsung Yang, Tsong-Hai Lee, Chia-Wei Liow, Jiann-Der Lee, Chung-Jen Lin, Tsung-I Peng, Leng-Chieh Lin
BACKGROUND: Many studies have determined that dehydration is an independent predictor of outcome after ischemic stroke (IS); however, none have determined if the use of thrombolytic therapy modifies the negative impact of poor hydration. To inform the stroke registry established at our institution, we conducted a retrospective study to determine if dehydration remains a negative prognostic factor after IS patients treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2012, we recruited 382 subjects; 346 had data available and were divided into 2 groups on the basis of their blood urea nitrogen/creatinine (BUN/Cr) ratio...
June 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599172/influence-of-sodium-chloride-reduction-and-replacement-with-potassium-chloride-based-salts-on-the-sensory-and-physico-chemical-characteristics-of-pork-sausage-patties
#7
Regan E Stanley, Chad G Bower, Gary A Sullivan
This study evaluated the effects of sodium chloride reduction and replacement with potassium chloride or modified potassium chloride based salts using a weight or molar equivalent basis on the sensory and physico-chemical properties of pork sausage patties. Three independent replications of pork sausage patties were manufactured to compare five treatments: full sodium, reduced sodium, modified potassium chloride weight based replacement, modified potassium chloride molar based replacement, and standard potassium chloride weight based replacement...
May 31, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593836/predictors-and-generation-of-risk-equations-for-albuminuria-progression-in-type-2-diabetes%C3%A2
#8
Miriam Giordano Imbroll, Daniele Agius Lauretta, Trevor Tabone, Stephen Fava
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease and is associated with increased mortality. Although only a proportion of type 2 diabetic subjects develop albuminuria or progress, it is not currently possible to identify those patients who will develop this complication or who will progress. AIM: The aim of the study was to identify baseline risk factors for the development and progression of albuminuria in a cohort with type 2 diabetes and use this data to generate risk equations...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586769/validation-of-surrogates-of-urine-osmolality-in-population-studies
#9
Sonia Youhanna, Lise Bankir, Paul Jungers, David Porteous, Ozren Polasek, Murielle Bochud, Caroline Hayward, Olivier Devuyst
BACKGROUND: The importance of vasopressin and/or urine concentration in various kidney, cardiovascular, and metabolic diseases has been emphasized recently. Due to technical constraints, urine osmolality (Uosm), a direct reflect of urinary concentrating activity, is rarely measured in epidemiologic studies. METHODS: We analyzed 2 possible surrogates of Uosm in 4 large population-based cohorts (total n = 4,247) and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD, n = 146)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577665/rationale-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-salt-substitute-and-stroke-study-ssass-a-large-scale-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Bruce Neal, Maoyi Tian, Nicole Li, Paul Elliott, Lijing L Yan, Darwin R Labarthe, Liping Huang, Xuejun Yin, Zhixin Hao, Sandrine Stepien, Jingpu Shi, Xiangxian Feng, Jianxin Zhang, Yuhong Zhang, Ruijuan Zhang, Yangfeng Wu
Lowering sodium intake with a reduced-sodium, added potassium salt substitute has been proved to lower blood pressure levels. Whether the same strategy will also reduce the risks of vascular outcomes is uncertain and controversial. The SSaSS has been designed to test whether sodium reduction achieved with a salt substitute can reduce the risk of vascular disease. The study is a large-scale, open, cluster-randomized controlled trial done in 600 villages across 5 provinces in China. Participants have either a history of stroke or an elevated risk of stroke based on age and blood pressure level at entry...
June 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577104/level-of-interleukins-il-6-and-il-15-in-blood-plasma-of-mice-after-forced-swimming-test
#11
L V Kapilevich, T A Kironenko, A N Zakharova, A V Kabachkova, S N Orlov
We measured the concentrations of IL-6 and IL-15 in blood plasma of mice at different terms after forced swimming, taking into account exercise intensity and preliminary training. It was shown that training was an important factor affecting blood plasma level of IL both at rest and after single forced swimming: in trained animals, the concentration of both myokines increased immediately after swimming, while in untrained animals, this increase was observed only after 5 h. Changes in cytokine production against the background of training can be associated with various factors, including neuroendocrine mechanisms, stress, modification of intracellular signaling, as well as reorganization of transcriptional mechanisms in muscle fibers...
June 3, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573965/characterization-of-croatian-rape-brassica-sp-honey-by-pollen-spectrum-physicochemical-characteristics-and-multielement-analysis-by-icp-oes
#12
Blanka Bilić Rajs, Ivana Flanjak, Jelena Mutić, Vesna Vukojević, Slađana Đurđić, Ljiljana Primorac
Rape (Brassica sp.) unifloral honey from Croatia was characterized by certain physicochemical parameters, micro- and macroelement content, and pollen spectrum, as determined in 21 honey samples. The Brassica sp. pollen type was predominant in the analyzed samples and ranged between 60 and 98%, with Trifolium spp., Robinia pseudoacacia, Rosaceae, Helianthus annuus, Salix spp., and Taraxacum officinale as the main accompanying pollen types. The electrical conductivity mean value was 0.22 ± 0.05 mS/cm and the glucose/fructose ratio mean value was 1...
June 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573144/prevalence-of-laboratory-critical-results-in-eye-patients-from-an-eye-hospital-in-southern-china
#13
Fang Duan, Jingyu Liao, Liping Lin, Xiuping Liu, Kaili Wu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of laboratory critical results (CRs) and associated risk factors in patients with eye diseases in a tertiary eye hospital. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from both inpatients and outpatients at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Guangzhou, China, from June 1, 2012, to May 31, 2014, and samples were sent to the hospital's clinical laboratory for blood routine, biochemistry, and blood coagulation tests. Laboratory CRs for blood glucose, sodium, potassium, white blood cell count, platelet count, prothrombin time, fibrinogen, international normalized ratio, and activated partial thromboplastin time were included in the current analysis...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559392/renal-dysfunction-induced-by-kidney-specific-gene-deletion-of-hsd11b2-as-a-primary-cause-of-salt-dependent-hypertension
#14
Kohei Ueda, Mitsuhiro Nishimoto, Daigoro Hirohama, Nobuhiro Ayuzawa, Wakako Kawarazaki, Atsushi Watanabe, Tatsuo Shimosawa, Johannes Loffing, Ming-Zhi Zhang, Takeshi Marumo, Toshiro Fujita
Genome-wide analysis of renal sodium-transporting system has identified specific variations of Mendelian hypertensive disorders, including HSD11B2 gene variants in apparent mineralocorticoid excess. However, these genetic variations in extrarenal tissue can be involved in developing hypertension, as demonstrated in former studies using global and brain-specific Hsd11b2 knockout rodents. To re-examine the importance of renal dysfunction on developing hypertension, we generated kidney-specific Hsd11b2 knockout mice...
May 30, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552881/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-associated-factors-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-treated-in-routine-practice
#15
Svetlana Ristic, Sandra Zivanovic, Dragan R Milovanovic, Vladimir Janjic, Danijela Djokovic, Ana Jovicevic, Marijana Stanojevic Pirkovic, Sanja Kocic
This research aimed to investigate factors associated with vitamin D deficiency and to provide data about its prevalence in patients suffering from different psychiatric illnesses. The study had a cross-sectional design and it included 220 patients of both genders, aged from 19-81 y, with a wide range of mental disorders (F00-F89), and treated in routine ambulatory and hospital practice. The researchers collected data from three sources: medical records, a study questionnaire and biochemical analysis of patients' serum samples (concentration of vitamin D measured as 25(OH)D, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544740/interannual-study-of-spot-urine-evaluated-sodium-excretion-in-young-japanese-women
#16
Kenichiro Yasutake, Ririko Moriguchi, Tomomi Kajiyama, Hitomi Miyazaki, Shimako Abe, Takashi Masuda, Katsumi Imai, Masako Iwamoto, Hiroko Tsuda, Masayo Obe, Hisaya Kawate, Hiromi Ueno, Misaki Ono, Ryoko Goromaru, Kenji Ohe, Munechika Enjoji, Takuya Tsuchihashi, Shuji Nakano
The authors investigated interannual differences in the sodium excretion levels of young healthy Japanese women as estimated from spot urine analysis at Nakamura Gakuen University from 1995 to 2015. Participants included 4931 women aged 18 to 20 years who were classified into three time periods according to year of health check: first (1995-2001), second (2002-2007), and third (2008-2015). Estimated daily urinary sodium and potassium excretion levels and the sodium to potassium ratio were 120.6±31.9 mmol, 35...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541941/greywater-treatment-by-granular-filtration-system-using-volcanic-tuff-and-gravel-media
#17
Abeer Albalawneh, Tsun-Kuo Chang, Heba Alshawabkeh
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a granular filtration system (GFS) in greywater treatment under arid and semi-arid conditions. Six GFSs were designed, constructed, and monitored for approximately 13 months. Each GFS served a single rural Jordanian home by treating their greywater. Volcanic tuff media were used as the filtration media in three of the GFSs while the remaining three GFSs used gravel media. Results show that the biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, and total suspended solids of the effluent were significantly lower as compared to the influent and demonstrated a removal efficiency of 73%, 65%, and 85%, respectively, when using volcanic tuff media...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514635/specialization-to-extremely-low-nutrient-soils-limits-the-nutritional-adaptability-of-plant-lineages
#18
G Anthony Verboom, William D Stock, Michael D Cramer
Specialization to extreme selective situations promotes the acquisition of traits whose coadaptive integration may compromise evolutionary flexibility and adaptability. We test this idea in the context of the foliar stoichiometry of plants native to the South African Cape. Whereas foliar concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium, magnesium, and sodium showed strong phylogenetic signal, as did the foliar ratios of these nutrients to P, the same was not true of the corresponding soil values...
June 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513067/interventions-for-cutaneous-molluscum-contagiosum
#19
REVIEW
Johannes C van der Wouden, Renske van der Sande, Emma J Kruithof, Annet Sollie, Lisette Wa van Suijlekom-Smit, Sander Koning
BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin infection that is caused by a pox virus and occurs mainly in children. The infection usually resolves within months in people without immune deficiency, but treatment may be preferred for social and cosmetic reasons or to avoid spreading the infection. A clear evidence base supporting the various treatments is lacking.This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006, and updated previously in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of specific treatments and management strategies, including waiting for natural resolution, for cutaneous, non-genital molluscum contagiosum in people without immune deficiency...
May 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498883/prognostic-significance-of-spot-urine-na-k-for-longitudinal-changes-in-blood-pressure-and-renal-function-the-nagahama-study
#20
Yasuharu Tabara, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Kazuya Setoh, Takahisa Kawaguchi, Shinji Kosugi, Takeo Nakayama, Fumihiko Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio (Na/K) represents a simple measure of sodium load and has been reported to be associated with blood pressure (BP) levels in a cross-sectional setting even with spot measurements. The aim of the present large-scale cohort study is to determine prognostic significance of spot urine Na/K for longitudinal changes in BP levels and renal function. METHODS: The present study population consisted of 7,063 individuals from the general population...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
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