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Sodium Potassium ratio

Qi Qian
The popular modern diet, characterized by an excess of animal protein and salt but insufficient in fruits, vegetables and water, is a poor fit for human physiological and homeostatic regulatory systems. Sustained net acid and sodium retention, coupled with an insufficient intake of cardiovascular protective potassium-rich foods and hydration in the modern diet can give rise to debilitating chronic organ dysfunction and ultimately, mortality. This holds true, especially in our aging population who are already facing inevitable decline in organ functional reserve...
June 16, 2018: Nutrients
Ahmad Jayedi, Farnoosh Ghomashi, Mahdieh Sadat Zargar, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association of high sodium intake with risk of stroke has been accepted. But considering the proposed J/U-shaped association between sodium intake and risk of all-cause mortality, the shape of the dose-response relationship has not been determined yet. This study aimed to test the dose-response association of dietary sodium and sodium-to-potassium ratio with risk of stroke in adults aged 18 years or older. METHODS: We performed a systematic search using PubMed and Scopus, from database inception up to October 2017...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Sanigdha Acharya, S K Sharma, Vinita Khandegar
Groundwater quality should be continuously monitored for irrigation and drinking purpose so that risk from geochemical contaminants can be reduced by appropriate treatment method. Therefore, the focus of the present study was to determine the suitability of groundwater collected from South West Delhi, India, for irrigation and drinking purpose on the basis of various water quality indices. In order to assess the groundwater quality, 50 samples were collected from different sites of selected study area and parameters such as pH, EC (electrical conductivity), total dissolved solids (TDS), salinity, total hardness (TH), total alkalinity (HCO3 - ), calcium (Ca+2 ), magnesium (Mg+2 ), sodium (Na+ ), potassium (K+ ), chloride (Cl- ), Fluoride (F- ), sulfates (SO4 -2 ) and Nitrates (NO3 - ) were determined...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Jixian Lin, Aihua Jiang, Meirong Ling, Yanqing Mo, Meiyi Li, Jing Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Dehydration on admission is correlated with neurological deterioration (ND). The primary objective of our study was to use support vector machine (SVM) algorithms to identify an ND prognostic model, based on dehydration equations. METHODS: This study included a total of 382 patients hospitalized with acute ischemic stroke. The following parameters were recorded: age, sex, laboratory values (serum sodium, potassium, chlorinum, glucose, and urea), and vascular risk factor data...
June 11, 2018: Brain and Behavior
Beau J Kildow, Vasili Karas, Elizabeth P Howell, Cynthia L Green, William T Baumgartner, Colin T Penrose, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
BACKGROUND: Routine laboratory studies are often obtained daily after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) regardless of medical management. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of routine basic metabolic panel (BMP) tests after TJA. Furthermore, the goal was to identify factors that may predispose patients to abnormal laboratory values that require medical intervention. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 767 patients who underwent primary TJA at a single institution...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Tatsufumi Oka, Takayuki Hamano, Yusuke Sakaguchi, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Keiichi Kubota, Masamitsu Senda, Sayoko Yonemoto, Karin Shimada, Ayumi Matsumoto, Nobuhiro Hashimoto, Daisuke Mori, Chikako Monden, Atsushi Takahashi, Yoshitsugu Obi, Ryohei Yamamoto, Yoshitsugu Takabatake, Jun-Ya Kaimori, Toshiki Moriyama, Masaru Horio, Isao Matsui, Yoshitaka Isaka
Background: Hypomagnesemia (Hypo-Mg) predicts mortality and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. However, in CKD, its prevalence, kidney-intrinsic risk factors, and the effectiveness of oral magnesium (Mg) therapy on serum Mg levels is uncertain. Methods: In a cross-sectional study enrolling pre-dialysis outpatients with CKD, the prevalence of electrolyte abnormalities (Mg, sodium, potassium, calcium and phosphorus) was compared. In an open-label randomized controlled trial (RCT), we randomly assigned CKD patients to either the magnesium oxide (MgO) or control arm...
May 22, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Jeewoo Kim, Juyeon Lee, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Kook-Hwan Oh, Curie Ahn, Jongkoo Lee, Daehee Kang, Sue K Park
Few studies have explored the association between mineral intake and chronic kidney disease (CKD). A cross-sectional analysis investigated the association between mineral intake (calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, and zinc) and CKD using the Health Examinee (HEXA) cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiologic Study (KoGES). For 159,711 participants, mineral intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than 60 mL/min/1...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Julian D Muñoz Sierra, Margreet J Oosterkamp, Wei Wang, Henri Spanjers, Jules B van Lier
Industrial wastewaters are becoming increasingly associated with extreme conditions such as the presence of refractory compounds and high salinity that adversely affect biomass retention or reduce biological activity. Hence, this study evaluated the impact of long-term salinity increase to 20 gNa+ .L-1 on the bioconversion performance and microbial community composition in anaerobic membrane bioreactors treating phenolic wastewater. Phenol removal efficiency of up to 99.9% was achieved at 14 gNa+ .L-1 . Phenol conversion rates of 5...
May 7, 2018: Water Research
Jason An, Branko Braam
Rationale: We hope to increase awareness that hypokalemic paralysis may be the first presentation of Sjögren syndrome, for which potassium-sparing diuretics can be an effective adjunct to potassium replenishment. Presenting concerns: A 73-year-old female presented to a peripheral hospital with quadriparesis and a critically low serum potassium of 1.6 mmol/L with U waves on the electrocardiogram (ECG). The initial arterial blood gas showed a pH of 7.19, bicarbonate of 13 mEq/L, and a CO2 of 35 mm Hg...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Sukyoung Jung, Mi Kyung Kim, Jinho Shin, Bo Youl Choi, Young-Hoon Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Min-Ho Shin
PURPOSE: Subclinical vascular damage is a chronic intermediate process in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and high sodium (Na) has been regarded as an adverse factor in subclinical vascular health; however, the longitudinal relationship between Na intake and subclinical vascular damage has not been studied. We aimed to evaluate the longitudinal relationship of dietary Na intake and sodium to potassium ratio (Na:K) with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) in healthy adults aged 40 years and older in Korea...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Akio Ishida, Michiko Fujisawa, Eva Garcia Del Saz, Kiyohito Okumiya, Yumi Kimura, Indrajaya Ida Bagus Manuaba, Marthen Ferry Kareth, Andreas Lallo Rantetampang, Yusuke Ohya, Kozo Matsubayashi
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and arterial stiffness are closely related and may behave reciprocally as cause or effect, interacting in a vicious cycle. Both SBP and arterial stiffness increase with age in populations in most developed countries. However, the age-related increase in SBP appears to be absent in indigenous populations, partially because of their lifelong low-sodium and high-potassium diets, whereas age-related arterial stiffening in these populations remains to be determined. We performed a field survey of the indigenous population of Soroba, a small village located in the central highlands of Papua, Indonesia...
May 14, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
A R P Disetlhe, U Marume, V Mlambo
The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of a humic acid and enzymes on growth performance, protein utilization, and blood parameters in broilers fed canola-based diets. Canola meal (CM) is characterized as low protein compared to soybean meal. Two-hundred-twenty broiler chickens were randomly allotted to the following 5 dietary treatments: 1. Control (commercial broiler diet); 2. CM (17.5% canola meal inclusion); 3. CMEnz (CM + 0.3 g/kg enzymes [Axtra XAP]); 4. CMPh (CM + 1.5% potassium humate, PH) and 5...
May 10, 2018: Poultry Science
Chun-Lin Li, Hai-Jun Wang, Quan-Jin Si, Jin Zhou, Kai-Liang Li, Yu Ding
Objective This study was performed to evaluate the association between urinary sodium excretion and coronary heart disease (CHD) in hospitalized elderly patients in China. Methods The 24-h urinary excretion specimens of 541 patients were collected, and the serum creatinine concentration and urinary sodium/potassium ratio were measured. Associations were explored by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results The mean 24-h urinary sodium excretion was 200.4 mmol, corresponding to 11.7 g of salt intake...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
David Eshar, Melanie Ammersbach, Boaz Shacham, Gad Katzir, Hugues Beaufrère
The purpose of this study was to determine a wide range of selected hematologic, venous blood gases, and plasma biochemistry analytes in common chameleons (Chamaeleo chamaeleon) . Blood samples were collected from the ventral tail vein of 41 common chameleons to determine reference intervals for 30 different blood analytes. The calcium-to-phosphorus ratio, packed cell volume (PCV), refractometric total solids (TS), blood cell counts, and differentials were also determined. The microscopic evaluation of blood smears revealed inclusion bodies in monocytes in 7 of the samples...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Jing Wang, Xuefa Wen, Xinyu Zhang, Shenggong Li, Da-Yong Zhang
Leaf photosynthetic capacity is mainly constrained by nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). Little attention has been given to the photosynthetic capacity of mature forests with high calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in the Karst critical zone. We measured light-saturated net photosynthesis (Asat ), photosynthetic capacity (maximum carboxylation rate [Vcmax ], and maximum electron transport rate [Jmax ]) as well as leaf nutrient contents (N, P, Ca, Mg, potassium [K], and sodium [Na]), leaf mass per area (LMA), and leaf thickness (LT) in 63 dominant plants in a mature subtropical forest in the Karst critical zone in southwestern China...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Giovany Gomes Capistrano, Gdayllon Cavalcante Meneses, Fernanda Macedo de Oliveira Neves, Renata de Almeida Leitão, Alice Maria Costa Martins, Alexandre Braga Libório
Introduction: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) comprises a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by impaired antibody production. Kidney involvement in CVID is described in isolated and sporadic case reports. The objective of this study was to study the renal function pattern in CVID patients through glomerular and tubular function tests. Methods: Study of 12 patients with CVID diagnosis and 12 healthy control individuals. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), fractional excretion of sodium (FENa+ ) and potassium (FEK+ ), urinary concentration, and acidification capacity were measured...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
Sara R Zwart, Barbara L Rice, Holly Dlouhy, Linda C Shackelford, Martina Heer, Matthew D Koslovsky, Scott M Smith
Background: Bed rest studies document that a lower dietary acid load is associated with lower bone resorption. Objective: We tested the effect of dietary acid load on bone metabolism during spaceflight. Design: Controlled 4-d diets with a high or low animal protein-to-potassium (APro:K) ratio (High and Low diets, respectively) were given to 17 astronauts before and during spaceflight. Each astronaut had 1 High and 1 Low diet session before flight and 2 High and 2 Low sessions during flight, in addition to a 4-d session around flight day 30 (FD30), when crew members were to consume their typical in-flight intake...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Sara J Meltzer, Romina Pace, Natasha Garfield, Ariane Godbout, Leslie Meissner, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: We recently demonstrated that a gestational diabetes history in mothers is associated with higher postpartum incident diabetes not only in mothers but also in fathers. In the present study, we examined changes in health behaviours and cardiometabolic profiles in both mothers and partners who participated in a diabetes prevention program within 5 years of a gestational diabetes pregnancy. METHODS: Couples were enrolled into a 13-week program that included 5 half-day group sessions and web/telephone-based support between sessions...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Lu Yin, Guijuan Deng, Andrew Mente, Yi Sun, Xiaoyun Liu, Xinhua Zhang, Xingyu Wang, Yang Wang, Jian Bo, Hui Chen, Xu Liu, Nan Gao, Xiulin Bai, Sumathy Rangarajan, Wei Li
We aim to evaluate the association of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) with estimated urinary sodium (Na) and potassium(K) excretions, and their gram-to-gram Na/K ratio across various salt-diet regions during 2005-2009 in China. A prospective cohort study was conducted to recruit 46,285 participants in China. A single fasting morning urine specimen was collected to estimate 24-hour urinary Na and K excretion using Kawasaki formula. Means of estimated Na and K were 5.7 ± 1.7 and 2.1 ± 0...
April 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Till M Schneider, Armin M Nagel, Markus Zorn, Andreas Wetscherek, Martin Bendszus, Mark E Ladd, Sina Straub
Blood clotting is a fundamental biochemical process in post-hemorrhagic hemostasis. Although the varying appearance of coagulating blood in T1 - and T2 -weighted images is widely used to qualitatively determine bleeding age, the technique permits only a rough discrimination of coagulation stages, and it remains difficult to distinguish acute and chronic hemorrhagic stages because of low T1 - and T2 -weighted signal intensities in both instances. To investigate new biomedical parameters for magnetic resonance imaging-based characterization of blood clotting kinetics, sodium imaging and quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) were compared with conventional T1 - and T2 -weighted imaging, as well as with biochemical hemolysis parameters...
June 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
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