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Sodium Potassium ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430815/soy-and-fish-as-features-of-the-japanese-diet-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks
#1
Yukio Yamori, Miki Sagara, Yoshimi Arai, Hitomi Kobayashi, Kazumi Kishimoto, Ikuko Matsuno, Hideki Mori, Mari Mori
In the World Health Organization (WHO)-coordinated Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison Study, isoflavones (I; biomarker for dietary soy) and taurine (T; biomarker for dietary fish) in 24-hour-urine (24U) were inversely related to coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. High levels of these biomarkers are found in Japanese people, whose CHD mortality is lowest among developed countries. We analyzed the association of these biomarkers with cardiovascular disease risk in the Japanese to know their health effects within one ethnic population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421299/compared-effects-of-calcium-and-sodium-polystyrene-sulfonate-on-mineral-and-bone-metabolism-and-volume-overload-in-pre-dialysis-patients-with-hyperkalemia
#2
Yosuke Nakayama, Kaoru Ueda, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi, Miki Sugiyama, Chika Yoshida, Yuka Kurokawa, Nao Nakamura, Tomofumi Moriyama, Goh Kodama, Tomohisa Minezaki, Sakuya Ito, Akiko Nagata, Kensei Taguchi, Junko Yano, Yusuke Kaida, Kazutaka Shibatomi, Kei Fukami
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia is prevalent in end-stage renal disease patients, being involved in life-threatening arrhythmias. Although polystyrene sulfonate (PS) is commonly used for the treatment of hyperkalemia, direct comparison of effects between calcium and sodium PS (CPS and SPS) on mineral and bone metabolism has not yet been studied. METHODS: In a randomized and crossover design, 20 pre-dialysis patients with hyperkalemia (>5 mmol/l) received either oral CPS or SPS therapy for 4 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420042/determination-of-reference-intervals-of-acid-base-parameters-in-clinically-healthy-dogs
#3
Ivana Vanova-Uhrikova, Leona Rauserova-Lexmaulova, Kristina Rehakova, Peter Scheer, Jaroslav Doubek
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals for traditionally- and Stewart's approach-determined acid-base parameters in a population of clinically healthy dogs. DESIGN: Prospective study (June 2011-September 2012). SETTING: Veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Two hundred twenty-four client-owned, clinically healthy dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Blood was collected from the jugular vein and the dorsal pedal artery...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351282/do-mothers-with-high-sodium-levels-in-their-breast-milk-have-high-depression-and-anxiety-scores
#4
Burcu Serim Demirgoren, Aylin Ozbek, Murat Ormen, Canem Kavurma, Esra Ozer, Adem Aydın
Objective This study aimed to assess the possible association of high breast milk sodium levels with postpartum depression and anxiety. Methods A total of 150 mothers and their healthy, exclusively breastfed newborns aged 8 to 15 days were recruited. Mothers were asked to complete scales for evaluation of postnatal depression and anxiety following an interview for consent and sociodemographic data collection. Breast milk samples were obtained to measure sodium and potassium (K) levels. Results Forty-nine mothers had higher than expected breast milk Na concentrations and a high Na/K ratio...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340835/can-patients-who-develop-cerebral-death-in-fulminant-liver-failure-despite-liver-transplantation-be-previously-forseen
#5
K B Sarici, S Karakas, E Otan, V Ince, C Koc, S Koc, H Bayraktar, C Aydin, C Kayaalp, S Gungor, Y Kablan, S Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: The outcome of medical treatment is worse in fulminant liver failure (FLF) developing on acute or chronic ground. Recently, liver transplantations with the use of living and cadaveric donors have been performed in these diseases and good results obtained. In this study, we aimed to present the factors affecting the recovery of cerebral functions after liver transplantation in hepatic encephalopathy (HE) developing in FLF, to identify irreversible patient groups and to prevent unnecessary liver transplantation...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323995/renin-phenotypes-characterize-vascular-disease-autonomous-aldosteronism-and-mineralocorticoid-receptor-activity
#6
Gregory L Hundemer, Rene Baudrand, Jenifer M Brown, Gary Curhan, Gordon H Williams, Anand Vaidya
Context: Mild cases of autonomous aldosterone secretion may go unrecognized using current diagnostic criteria for primary aldosteronism (PA). Objective: To investigate whether the inability to stimulate renin serves as a biomarker for unrecognized autonomous aldosterone secretion and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation. Participants: 663 normotensive and mildly hypertensive participants, who were confirmed to not have PA using current guideline criteria and were on no antihypertensive medications...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322418/associations-of-sodium-potassium-and-protein-intake-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-switzerland
#7
Nicolas Glatz, Aline Chappuis, David Conen, Paul Erne, Antoinette Péchère-Bertschi, Idris Guessous, Valentina Forni, Luca Gabutti, Franco Muggli, Augusto Gallino, Daniel Hayoz, Isabelle Binet, Paolo Suter, Fred Paccaud, Murielle Bochud, Michel Burnier
BACKGROUND: Nutritional factors play an important role in the regulation of blood pressure and in the development of hypertension. In this analysis, we explored the associations of 24-hour urinary Na+, K+ and urea excretion with blood pressure levels and the risk of hypertension in the Swiss population, taking regional linguistic differences into account. METHODS: The Swiss Survey on Salt is a population based cross-sectional study that included 1336 subjects from the three main linguistic regions (French, German and Italian) of Switzerland...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321294/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-altered-in-resistant-hypertension-in-sub-saharan-african-diabetes-patients-without-evidence-of-primary-hyperaldosteronism
#8
Bertille Elodie Edinga-Melenge, Vicky J Ama Moor, Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Romance Nguetse Djoumessi, Michel K Mengnjo, Jean-Claude Katte, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Eugene Sobngwi
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system may be altered in patients with resistant hypertension. This study aimed to evaluate the relation between renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activity and resistant hypertension in Cameroonian diabetes patients with resistant hypertension. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study including 19 diabetes patients with resistant hypertension and 19 diabetes patients with controlled hypertension matched to cases according to age, sex and duration of hypertension since diagnosis...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303048/studies-on-physico-chemical-and-cooking-characteristics-of-rice-bean-varieties-grown-in-ne-region-of-india
#9
Rejaul Hoque Bepary, D D Wadikar, Seuji Borah Neog, P E Patki
Rice bean (Vigna umbellata) is grown in South and Southeast Asia, and the bean has gained importance due to its nutritional strength in terms of dietary fiber, quality protein and minerals. In current study, the nutritional and functional components, cooking and thermo-gravimetric properties of eleven rice bean varieties from NE India were investigated. Results revealed that the major nutrients among the varieties ranged as follows: 54.21-60.49% carbohydrates, 15.64-21.60% protein, 1.22-2.3% fat, 5.53-6.56% crude fibre, 3...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289182/continuum-of-renin-independent-aldosteronism-in-normotension
#10
Rene Baudrand, Francisco J Guarda, Carlos Fardella, Gregory Hundemer, Jenifer Brown, Gordon Williams, Anand Vaidya
Primary aldosteronism is a severe form of autonomous aldosteronism. Milder forms of autonomous and renin-independent aldosteronism may be common, even in normotension. We characterized aldosterone secretion in 210 normotensives who had suppressed plasma renin activity (<1.0 ng/mL per hour), completed an oral sodium suppression test, received an infusion of angiotensin II, and had measurements of blood pressure and renal plasma flow. Continuous associations between urinary aldosterone excretion rate, renin, and potassium handling were investigated...
May 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284150/effects-of-waterborne-cadmium-on-energy-metabolism-in-the-tropical-sea-cucumber-stichopus-horrens-and-a-comparison-of-tissue-specific-cadmium-accumulation-with-the-temperate-sea-cucumber-australostichopus-mollis
#11
Hannah Charan-Dixon, Sally Gaw, Sharyn J Goldstien, Chris N Glover
The sea cucumber Stichopus horrens is an important component of near-shore ecosystems, and in the Kingdom of Tonga it also comprises an important commercial and subsistence fishery. To assess the sensitivity of this species to the toxic trace metal cadmium (Cd), adult S. horrens were exposed for 96h to an environmental (15µgL(-1)) or effect (765µgL(-1)) concentration of waterborne Cd. The respiratory tree and intestine accumulated higher concentrations of Cd than the muscle and body wall, but there were no effects of Cd on tissue ions (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium)...
March 8, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273873/interaction-between-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-and-urinary-sodium-potassium-and-sodium-potassium-ratio-on-the-risk-of-hypertension-in-korean-adults
#12
Yeong Mi Park, Chang Keun Kwock, Kyunga Kim, Jihye Kim, Yoon Jung Yang
Hypertension is a complex disease explained with diverse factors including environmental factors and genetic factors. The objectives of this study were to determine the interaction effects between gene variants and 24 h estimated urinary sodium and potassium excretion and sodium-potassium excretion ratios on the risk of hypertension. A total of 8839 participants were included in the genome-wide association study (GWAS) to find genetic factors associated with hypertension. Tanaka and Kawasaki formulas were applied to estimate 24 h urinary sodium and potassium excretion...
March 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267463/early-inpatient-calculation-of-laboratory-based-30-day-readmission-risk-scores-empowers-clinical-risk-modification-during-index-hospitalization
#13
Benjamin D Horne, Deborah Budge, Andrew L Masica, Lucy A Savitz, José Benuzillo, Gabriela Cantu, Alejandra Bradshaw, Raymond O McCubrey, Tami L Bair, Colleen A Roberts, Kismet D Rasmusson, Rami Alharethi, Abdallah G Kfoury, Brent C James, Donald L Lappé
Improving 30-day readmission continues to be problematic for most hospitals. This study reports the creation and validation of sex-specific inpatient (i) heart failure (HF) risk scores using electronic data from the beginning of inpatient care for effective and efficient prediction of 30-day readmission risk. METHODS: HF patients hospitalized at Intermountain Healthcare from 2005 to 2012 (derivation: n=6079; validation: n=2663) and Baylor Scott & White Health (North Region) from 2005 to 2013 (validation: n=5162) were studied...
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224920/genetic-engineering-of-the-biosynthesis-of-glycinebetaine-leads-to-alleviate-salt-induced-potassium-efflux-and-enhances-salt-tolerance-in-tomato-plants
#14
Dandan Wei, Wen Zhang, Cuicui Wang, Qingwei Meng, Gang Li, Tony H H Chen, Xinghong Yang
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cv. 'Moneymaker') was transformed with the choline oxidase gene codA from Arthrobacter globiformis, which was modified to allow for targeting to both chloroplasts and the cytosol. Glycine betaine (GB) was accumulated in transformed plants, while no detectable GB was found in wild-type (WT) plants. Compared to WT plants, transgenic lines showed significantly higher photosynthetic rates (Pn) and antioxidant enzyme activities and lower reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in the leaves when exposed to salt stress...
April 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217339/an-unexpected-oxidation-nak5cl2-s2o6-2-revisited
#15
William T A Harrison, M John Plater
The title compound, NaK5Cl2(S2O6)2 [systematic name: sodium penta-potassium dichloride bis-(di-thio-nate)], arose as an unexpected product from an organic synthesis that used di-thio-nite (S2O4(2-)) ions as a reducing agent to destroy excess permanganate ions. Compared to the previous study [Stanley (1953 ▸). Acta Cryst.6, 187-196], the present tetra-gonal structure exhibits a root 2a × root 2a × c super-cell due to subtle changes in the orientations of the di-thio-nate anions. The structure can be visualized as a three-dimensional framework of [001] columns of alternating trans-NaO4Cl2 and KO4Cl2 octa-hedra cross-linked by the di-thio-nate ions with the inter-stices occupied by KO6Cl2 polyhedra to generate a densely packed three-dimensional framework...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213045/identification-of-the-causes-for-chronic-hypokalemia-importance-of-urinary-sodium-and-chloride-excretion
#16
Kun-Lin Wu, Chih-Jen Cheng, Chih-Chen Sung, Ming-Hua Tseng, Yu-Juei Hsu, Sung-Sen Yang, Tom Chau, Shih-Hua Lin
BACKGROUND: Uncovering the correct diagnosis of chronic hypokalemia with potassium (K(+)) wasting from the kidneys or gut can be fraught with challenges. We identified clinical and laboratory parameters helpful for differentiating the causes of chronic hypokalemia. METHODS: Normotensive patients referred to our tertiary academic medical center for the evaluation of chronic hypokalemia were prospectively enrolled over five years. Clinical features, laboratory examinations-including blood and spot urine electrolytes, acid-base status, biochemistries and hormones-as well as genetic analysis were determined...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188450/terminal-latency-abnormality-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-without-split-hand-syndrome
#17
Donghwi Park, Jin-Sung Park
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has a peculiar involvement pattern; clinically it is known as split hand syndrome and electrophysiologically shows abnormalities in the abductor pollicis brevis (APB)/abductor digiti minimi (ADM) ratio. The aim of this study was to find a significant electrophysiological parameter in upper limb onset ALS patients with normal APB/ADM ratio when compared to cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) and healthy controls. We retrospectively reviewed the electrophysiological results of 47 upper limb onset ALS and 42 CSA cases; 20 healthy individuals were included as controls...
February 10, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185023/nitrogen-removal-performance-of-anaerobic-ammonia-oxidation-anammox-in-presence-of-organic-matter
#18
Weiqiang Zhu, Peiyu Zhang, Deshuang Yu, Huiyu Dong, Jin Li
A sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was used to test the nitrogen removal performance of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) in presence of organic matter. Mesophilic operation (30 ± 0.5 °C) was performed with influent pH 7.5. The results showed, independent of organic matter species, ANAMMOX reaction was promoted when COD was lower than 80 mg/L. However, specific ANAMMOX activity decreased with increasing organic matter content. Ammonium removal efficiency decreased to 80% when COD of sodium succinate, sodium potassium tartrate, peptone and lactose were 192...
February 9, 2017: Biodegradation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135015/stoichiometric-variation-of-halophytes-in-response-to-changes-in-soil-salinity
#19
X Sun, Y Gao, D Wang, J Chen, F Zhang, J Zhou, X Yan, Y Li
Variation in soil salt may change the stoichiometry of a halophyte by altering plant ecophysiology, and exert different influences on various plant organs, which has potentially important consequences for the nutrition of consumers as well as nutrient cycling in a saline ecosystem. Using a greenhouse pot experiment, we investigated the effect of salinity variability on the growth and stoichiometry of different organs of Suaeda glauca and Salicornia europaea - two dominant species of important ecological and economic value in the saline ecosystem...
January 30, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127859/sodium-and-potassium-urinary-excretion-levels-of-preschool-children-individual-daily-and-seasonal-differences
#20
Kenichiro Yasutake, Mikako Nagafuchi, Ryoji Izu, Tomomi Kajiyama, Katsumi Imai, Yusuke Murata, Kenji Ohe, Munechika Enjoji, Takuya Tsuchihashi
In this study, the authors measured sodium and potassium concentrations in spot urine samples of preschool children on multiple days, and evaluated individual, daily, and seasonal effects. A total of 104 healthy preschool children aged 4 to 5 years were studied. Urine samples were collected from the first urine of the day after waking for three consecutive days (Monday-Wednesday) four times a year (spring, summer, autumn, winter). The authors estimated the daily urine volume as 500 mL and daily creatinine excretion as 300 mg, and used these to calculate daily sodium and potassium excretion levels...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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