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Andrew M Kidger, Linda K Rushworth, Julia Stellzig, Jane Davidson, Christopher J Bryant, Cassidy Bayley, Edward Caddye, Tim Rogers, Stephen M Keyse, Christopher J Caunt
Deregulated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling drives cancer growth. Normally, ERK activity is self-limiting by the rapid inactivation of upstream kinases and delayed induction of dual-specificity MAP kinase phosphatases (MKPs/DUSPs). However, interactions between these feedback mechanisms are unclear. Here we show that, although the MKP DUSP5 both inactivates and anchors ERK in the nucleus, it paradoxically increases and prolongs cytoplasmic ERK activity. The latter effect is caused, at least in part, by the relief of ERK-mediated RAF inhibition...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Shabina Parveen, Syamdas Bandhyopadhyay, Sonali Das, Suchandra Bhattacharyya Majumdar, Junaid Jibran Jawed, Bidisha Paul Chowdhury, Bhaskar Saha, Subrata Majumdar
Leishmania donovani resides within the host macrophages by dampening host defence mechanisms and thereby it modulates the host cell functions for its survival. Multiple host cell factors compete during the interplay between the host and the parasite. Roles for dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs) are implicated in various pathological conditions. However, the reciprocity of these DUSPs was unknown in L. donovani infection in a susceptible model. Here, we show that Mycobacterium indicus pranii (Mw), an immunomodulator, reciprocally regulates DUSP1 and DUSP6 through the TLR4 pathway...
December 2016: International Immunology
Douglas G Tilley, Abdelkarim Sabri
This commentary highlights the research presented by Li et al. [15]. In this issue of Clinical Science, which demonstrates that dual specific phosphatase 12 (DUSP12), through JNK1/2 inhibition, alleviates cardiac hypertrophy in response to pressure overload, making it a potential therapeutic target.
January 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
Raman G Kutty, Gang Xin, David M Schauder, Stephanie M Cossette, Michelle Bordas, Weiguo Cui, Ramani Ramchandran
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway regulates many key cellular processes such as differentiation, apoptosis, and survival. The final proteins in this pathway, ERK1/2, are regulated by dual specificity phosphatase 5 (DUSP5). DUSP5 is a nuclear, inducible phosphatase with high affinity and fidelity for ERK1/2. By regulating the final step in the MAPK signaling cascade, DUSP5 exerts strong regulatory control over a central cellular pathway. Like other DUSPs, DUSP5 plays an important role in immune function...
2016: PloS One
Yuqi Lv, Yi Jin, Yongqiang Zhou, Jianjun Jin, Zhenfa Ma, Zhuqing Ren
Glutathione-S-transferases mu 2 (GSTM2), a kind of important Phase II antioxidant enzyme of eukaryotes, is degraded by nonsense mediated mRNA decay due to a C27T substitution in the fifth exon of pigs. As a reproductive performance-related gene, GSTM2 is involved in embryo implantation, whereas, functional deficiency of GSTM2 induces pre- or post-natal death in piglets potentially. To have some insight into the role of GSTM2 in embryo development, high throughput RNA sequencing is performed using the swine testis cells (ST) with the deletion of GSTM2...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
Anna Kudryavtseva, George Krasnov, Anastasiya Lipatova, Boris Alekseev, Faniya Maganova, Mikhail Shaposhnikov, Maria Fedorova, Anastasiya Snezhkina, Alexey Moskalev
A large number of terpenoids exhibit potential geroprotector and anti-cancer properties. Here, we studied whole transcriptomic effects of Abisil, the extract of fir (Abies sibirica) terpenes, on normal and cancer cell lines. We used early passaged and senescent none-immortalized fibroblasts as cellular aging models. It was revealed that in normal fibroblasts, terpenes induced genes of stress response, apoptosis regulation and tissue regeneration. The restoration of the expression level of some prolongevity genes after fir extract treatment was shown in old cells...
November 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Marat R Talipov, Jaladhi Nayak, Michael Lepley, Robert D Bongard, Daniel S Sem, Ramani Ramchandran, Rajendra Rathore
DUSP5 is an inducible nuclear dual-specificity phosphatase that specifically interacts with and deactivates extracellular signal-regulated kinases ERK1 and ERK2, which are responsible for cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. The phosphatase domain (PD) of DUSP5 has unique structural features absent from other nuclear DUSPs, such as the presence of a secondary anion-binding site in the proximity of the reaction center and a glutamic acid E264 positioned next to the catalytic cysteine C263, as well as a remote intramolecular disulfide linkage...
November 8, 2016: Biochemistry
Martin Hölzer, Verena Krähling, Fabian Amman, Emanuel Barth, Stephan H Bernhart, Victor A O Carmelo, Maximilian Collatz, Gero Doose, Florian Eggenhofer, Jan Ewald, Jörg Fallmann, Lasse M Feldhahn, Markus Fricke, Juliane Gebauer, Andreas J Gruber, Franziska Hufsky, Henrike Indrischek, Sabina Kanton, Jörg Linde, Nelly Mostajo, Roman Ochsenreiter, Konstantin Riege, Lorena Rivarola-Duarte, Abdullah H Sahyoun, Sita J Saunders, Stefan E Seemann, Andrea Tanzer, Bertram Vogel, Stefanie Wehner, Michael T Wolfinger, Rolf Backofen, Jan Gorodkin, Ivo Grosse, Ivo Hofacker, Steve Hoffmann, Christoph Kaleta, Peter F Stadler, Stephan Becker, Manja Marz
The unprecedented outbreak of Ebola in West Africa resulted in over 28,000 cases and 11,000 deaths, underlining the need for a better understanding of the biology of this highly pathogenic virus to develop specific counter strategies. Two filoviruses, the Ebola and Marburg viruses, result in a severe and often fatal infection in humans. However, bats are natural hosts and survive filovirus infections without obvious symptoms. The molecular basis of this striking difference in the response to filovirus infections is not well understood...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wei-Ming Li, Yi-Fan Zhao, Guo-Fu Zhu, Wen-Hui Peng, Meng-Yun Zhu, Xue-Jing Yu, Wei Chen, Da-Chun Xu, Ya-Wei Xu
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is an independent risk factor of heart failure. However, we still lack effective methods to reverse cardiac hypertrophy. DUSP12 is a member of the dual specific phosphatase (DUSP) family, which is characterized by its DUSP activity to dephosphorylate both tyrosine and serine/threonine residues on one substrate. Some DUSPs have been identified as being involved in the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy. However, the role of DUSP12 during pathological cardiac hypertrophy is still unclear...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
Gurinder Bir Singh, Satish K Raut, Sanskriti Khanna, Akhilesh Kumar, Saurabh Sharma, Rishikesh Prasad, Madhu Khullar
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) (ERK1/2, JNK, and p38) are upregulated in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). Dual-specific phosphatase-1 (DUSP-1) has been reported to regulate the activity of MAPKs in cardiac hypertrophy; however, the role of DUSP-1 in regulating MAPKs activity in DCM is not known. MicroRNAs have been reported to regulate the expression of several genes in hypertrophied failing hearts. However, little is known about the microRNAs regulating DUSP-1 expression in diabetes-related cardiac hypertrophy...
January 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Ruijie Liu, Jeffery D Molkentin
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play a critical role in regulating cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling in response to increased workload or pathological insults. The spatiotemporal activities and inactivation of MAPKs are tightly controlled by a family of dual-specificity MAPK phosphatases (DUSPs). Over the past 2 decades, we and others have determined the critical role for selected DUSP family members in controlling MAPK activity in the heart and the ensuing effects on ventricular growth and remodeling...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Christopher J Caunt, Andrew M Kidger, Stephen M Keyse
The spatiotemporal regulation of the Ras/ERK pathway is critical in determining the physiological and pathophysiological outcome of signaling. Dual-specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatases (DUSPs or MKPs) are key regulators of pathway activity and may also localize ERK to distinct subcellular locations. Here we present methods largely based on the use of high content microscopy to both visualize and quantitate the subcellular distribution of activated (p-ERK) and total ERK in populations of mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from mice lacking DUSP5, a nuclear ERK-specific MKP...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Juan Wang, Jun-Ying Zhou, Dhonghyo Kho, John J Reiners, Gen Sheng Wu
Accumulating evidence suggests that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) regulate macroautophagy/autophagy. However, the involvement of dual-specificity protein phosphatases (DUSPs), endogenous inhibitors for MAPKs, in autophagy remains to be determined. Here we report that DUSP1/MKP-1, the founding member of the DUSP family, plays a critical role in regulating autophagy. Specifically, we demonstrate that DUSP1 knockdown by shRNA in human ovarian cancer CAOV3 cells and knockout in murine embryonic fibroblasts, increases both basal and rapamycin-increased autophagic flux...
October 2, 2016: Autophagy
Elyse M Donaubauer, Nathan C Law, Mary E Hunzicker-Dunn
Within the ovarian follicle, granulosa cells (GCs) surround and support immature oocytes. FSH promotes the differentiation and proliferation of GCs and is essential for fertility. We recently reported that ERK activation is necessary for FSH to induce key genes that define the preovulatory GC. This research focused on the phosphoregulation by FSH of ERK within GCs. FSH-stimulated ERK phosphorylation on Thr(202)/Tyr(204) was PKA-dependent, but MEK(Ser(217)/Ser(221)) phosphorylation was not regulated; rather, MEK was already active...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Joanna Laskowska, Joanna Lewandowska-Bieniek, Joanna Szczepanek, Jan Styczyński, Andrzej Tretyn
BACKGROUND: A major problem in the treatment of leukemia is the development of drug resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. METHODS: To determine the ex vivo drug resistance profile to anthracyclines, an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) cytotoxicity assay was performed on mononuclear cells obtained from 155 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). Gene expression profiles (for 51 patients with ALL and 16 with AML) were prepared on the basis of cRNA hybridization to oligonucleotide arrays of the human genome (Affymetrix)...
August 2016: Journal of Gene Medicine
Qi Zhang, Rachel Harding, Feng Hou, Aiping Dong, John R Walker, Joseph Bteich, Yufeng Tong
Ubiquitin-specific proteases (USPs) USP15 and USP4 belong to a subset of USPs featuring an N-terminal tandem domain in USP (DUSP) and ubiquitin-like (UBL) domain. Squamous cell carcinoma antigen recognized by T-cell 3 (SART3), a spliceosome recycling factor, binds to the DUSP-UBL domain of USP15 and USP4, recruiting them to the nucleus from the cytosol to control deubiquitination of histone H2B and spliceosomal proteins, respectively. To provide structural insight, we solved crystal structures of SART3 in the apo-form and in complex with the DUSP-UBL domain of USP15 at 2...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ruijie Liu, Jop H van Berlo, Allen J York, Ronald J Vagnozzi, Marjorie Maillet, Jeffery D Molkentin
RATIONALE: Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling regulates the growth response of the adult myocardium in response to increased cardiac workload or pathological insults. The dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs) are critical effectors, which dephosphorylate the MAPKs to control the basal tone, amplitude, and duration of MAPK signaling. OBJECTIVE: To examine DUSP8 as a regulator of MAPK signaling in the heart and its impact on ventricular and cardiac myocyte growth dynamics...
July 8, 2016: Circulation Research
Heng Boon Low, Yongliang Zhang
The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are key regulators of cell growth and survival in physiological and pathological processes. Aberrant MAPK signaling plays a critical role in the development and progression of human cancer, as well as in determining responses to cancer treatment. The MAPK phosphatases (MKPs), also known as dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs), are a family of proteins that function as major negative regulators of MAPK activities in mammalian cells. Studies using mice deficient in specific MKPs including MKP1/DUSP1, PAC-1/DUSP2, MKP2/DUSP4, MKP5/DUSP10 and MKP7/DUSP16 demonstrated that these molecules are important not only for both innate and adaptive immune responses, but also for metabolic homeostasis...
April 2016: Immune Network
Krisztina Köröskényi, Beáta Kiss, Zsuzsa Szondy
Adenosine is known to reduce inflammation by suppressing the activity of most immune cells. Previous studies have shown that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated mouse macrophages produce adenosine, and the adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) signaling activated in an autocrine manner attenuates LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine formation. It has been suggested that A2AR signaling inhibits LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine production through a unique cAMP-dependent, but PKA- and Epac-independent signaling pathway...
July 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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