keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prisoners

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820706/high-prevalence-of-treponema-pallidum-infection-in-brazilian-prisoners
#1
Maisa Estopa Correa, Julio Croda, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta de Castro, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira, Maurício Antonio Pompilio, Ronaldo Omizolo de Souza, Júlio Henrique Ferreira de Sá Queiroz, Kesia Esther da Silva, Albert L Ko, Simone Simionatto
The number of new syphilis cases in Brazil has risen alarmingly in recent years. However, there is limited data regarding syphilis prevalence in the Brazilian prison population. To facilitate the development of effective interventions, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Treponema pallidum infection, active syphilis, and associated risk factors among Brazilian prisoners. We administered a questionnaire to a population-based sample of prisoners from 12 prisons in Central-West Brazil and collected sera for syphilis testing, from January to December 2013...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819131/impulsiveness-does-not-prevent-cooperation-from-emerging-but-reduces-its-occurrence-an-experiment-with-zebra-finches
#2
Camille Chia, Frédérique Dubois
Reciprocal altruism, the most probable mechanism for cooperation among unrelated individuals, can be modelled as a Prisoner's Dilemma. This game predicts that cooperation should evolve whenever the players, who expect to interact repeatedly, make choices contingent to their partner's behaviour. Experimental evidence, however, indicates that reciprocity is rare among animals. One reason for this would be that animals are very impulsive compared to humans. Several studies have reported that temporal discounting (that is, strong preferences for immediate benefits) has indeed a negative impact on the occurrence of cooperation...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814336/risk-behaviour-determinants-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-stockholm-sweden-over-a-10-year-period-from-2002-to-2012
#3
Niklas Karlsson, Michele Santacatterina, Kerstin Käll, Maria Hägerstrand, Susanne Wallin, Torsten Berglund, Anna Mia Ekström
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) frequently engage in injection risk behaviours exposing them to blood-borne infections. Understanding the underlying causes that drive various types and levels of risk behaviours is important to better target preventive interventions. METHODS: A total of 2150 PWID in Swedish remand prisons were interviewed between 2002 and 2012. Questions on socio-demographic and drug-related variables were asked in relation to the following outcomes: Having shared injection drug solution and having lent out or having received already used drug injection equipment within a 12 month recall period...
August 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813305/trauma-and-ptsd-in-older-adults-prevalence-course-concomitants-and-clinical-considerations
#4
REVIEW
Joan M Cook, Vanessa Simiola
This review presents recent empirical developments on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in older adults, highlighting some of the most interesting lines of investigation that have taken place over the past few years. The majority of the extant literature has focused on male veterans or former prisoners of war, Caucasians, and those from the United States. Major advances have taken place in terms longitudinal investigations of representative samples of veterans and their health and functioning in relation to traumatic exposure...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812253/the-land-of-no-milk-and-no-honey-force-feeding-in-israel
#5
Zohar Lederman, Shmuel Lederman
In 2015, the Israeli Knesset passed the force-feeding act that permits the director of the Israeli prison authority to appeal to the district court with a request to force-feed a prisoner against his expressed will. A recent position paper by top Israeli clinicians and bioethicists, published in Hebrew, advocates for force-feeding by medical professionals and presents several arguments that this would be appropriate. Here, we first posit three interrelated questions: 1. Do prisoners have a right to hunger-strike? 2...
August 15, 2017: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810685/characterising-the-exposure-of-prison-staff-to-second-hand-tobacco-smoke
#6
Sean Semple, Helen Sweeting, Evangelia Demou, Greig Logan, Rachel O'Donnell, Kate Hunt
Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is an avoidable and harmful exposure in the workplace but >25000 prison staff continue to be exposed on a daily basis in the UK and many more worldwide. SHS exposures in prisons are incompletely understood but may be considerable given the large proportion of smoking prisoners and limited ventilation. This study characterized the exposure of prison staff to SHS in all 15 prisons in Scotland using multiple methods. Exposure assessment strategies included 6-day area measurement of fine Particulate Matter (PM2...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808122/dramatic-budget-increase-for-hepatitis-treatment-in-federal-prisons
#7
Paul Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#8
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806757/impact-of-interaction-style-and-degree-on-the-evolution-of-cooperation-on-barab%C3%A3-si-albert-scale-free-network
#9
Fengjie Xie, Jing Shi, Jun Lin
In this work, we study an evolutionary prisoner's dilemma game (PDG) on Barabási-Albert scale-free networks with limited player interactions, and explore the effect of interaction style and degree on cooperation. The results show that high-degree preference interaction, namely the most applicable interaction in the real world, is less beneficial for emergence of cooperation on scale-free networks than random interaction. Besides, cooperation on scale-free networks is enhanced with the increase of interaction degree regardless whether the interaction is high-degree preference or random...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803665/-teledermatology-between-two-french-hospitals-two-years-of-experience
#10
C Bertin, A Diakite, B Carton, C Wozniak, S Nathanson, S Monnier, C Sin, M-A Dommergues, J Parigot, F Moreau, M-L Sigal, P Foucaud, A Greder, E Mahé
BACKGROUND: Teledermatology is currently booming. Due to the shortage of dermatologists in hospitals access to dermatological consultations is very limited in some hospitals. We present our experience of collaboration between an expert center, the dermatology department of the Victor-Dupouy Hospital Centre in Argenteuil, and all medical structures under the André-Mignot Hospital in Versailles (CHV), including 2 prison medical centers (UCSA), traditional departments and emergency department...
August 10, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803503/hiv-testing-and-awareness-of-hiv-status-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#11
Alexander R Bazazi, Aishwarya Vijay, Forrest W Crawford, Robert Heimer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
HIV testing services are the gateway into HIV treatment and are critical for monitoring the epidemic. HIV testing is recommended at least annually in high-risk populations, including people who inject drugs (PWID). In Malaysia, the HIV epidemic is concentrated among PWID, but their adherence to testing recommendations and the proportion of HIV-positive PWID who are aware of their status remain unknown. We recruited 460 PWID in Greater Kuala Lumpur using respondent-driven sampling and conducted HIV testing. We examined past testing behaviors, estimating testing frequency, correlates of testing in the past 12 months, and the proportion of those living with HIV who were aware of their status...
August 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800809/legal-and-ethical-challenges-in-emergency-psychiatry-part-2-management-of-inmates
#12
REVIEW
Andrew Foote, Britta Ostermeyer
Psychiatrists and clinicians encounter unique situations, challenges, and requirements in the treatment of jail and prison inmates in the emergency department. This article reviews the historical legal highlights pertaining to medical and psychiatric care of inpatients, as well as the professional, ethical, and legal aspects that allow clinicians to evaluate, treat, and properly disposition their inmate patients. In particular, this article discusses the specific suicide risk factors related to inmates and correctional facilities that should be ascertained and managed in a clinician's suicide risk assessment and intervention planning in this special high suicide risk patient population...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792360/in-their-own-words-a-qualitative-exploration-of-last-statements-of-capital-punishment-inmates-in-the-state-of-missouri-1995-2011
#13
Maranda A Upton, Tabitha M Carwile, Kristina S Brown
Last statements have been a common practice as part of capital punishment as far back as the 1300s in Europe. In the United States, the first execution occurred in 1608, and currently, 32 states have the death penalty. In 1991, Missouri integrated death row inmates into the general prison population, which makes this population unique compared with other death row populations across the United States. This article is a qualitative study on the themes found in the last statements of 46 capitally punished inmates in Missouri from 1995 to 2011...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792303/-dangerous-state-of-the-prison-system-is-putting-nurses-safety-at-risk-rcn-warns
#14
(no author information available yet)
Nurses are no longer willing to work in prisons that have become 'dangerous, overcrowded warehouses', the RCN has warned.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791496/forensic-assertive-community-treatment-in-a-continuum-of-care-for-male-internees-in-belgium-results-after-33-months
#15
Thomas Marquant, Bernard Sabbe, Meike Van Nuffel, Rudy Verelst, Kris Goethals
Non-forensic or regular assertive community treatment (ACT) has positive effects on non-forensic outcomes but has poor effects on forensic outcome measures. In this study, we examined non-forensic and forensic outcome measures of a forensic adaptation of ACT (ForACT) within a continuum of care for internees. Data were collected retrospectively from files of 70 participants in the ForACT group who had been released from a forensic hospital. The control group comprised internees who had left prison and entered community-based care (n = 56)...
August 8, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782868/klinefelter-s-syndrome-and-sexual-offending-a-literature-review
#16
Rebecca O'Donovan, Birgit Völlm
BACKGROUND: Klinefelter's syndrome is a sex chromosome abnormality affecting approximately 1 in 1000 men. There have been suggestions that it is associated with a higher than average prevalence of sexual offending but to what extent does research evidence support this assertion? AIMS: This study aimed to conduct a systematic review of published research to establish the prevalence of sexual offending in men with Klinefelter's syndrome. METHOD: The databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and EMBASE were searched from inception until 31 December 2016 by using a range of terms for Klinefelter's syndrome and for sexual offending...
August 7, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782332/virological-outcomes-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-zomba-central-prison-malawi-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
REVIEW
Happy Mpawa, Aunex Kwekwesa, Alemayehu Amberbir, Daniela Garone, Oscar H Divala, Gift Kawalazira, Vanessa van Schoor, Henry Ndindi, Joep J van Oosterhout
INTRODUCTION: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes that include viral suppression rates are rarely reported among African prison populations. Prisoners deal with specific challenges concerning adherence to ART. We aimed to describe virological outcomes of ART in a large prison in Malawi. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of ART outcomes was conducted at the Zomba Central Prison HIV clinic, Malawi, following the introduction of routine viral load monitoring. All prisoners on ART for at least 6 months were eligible for a viral load test...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782098/measuring-generalised-expectancies-for-negative-mood-regulation-in-china-the-chinese-language-negative-mood-regulation-scale
#18
Guofang Wang, Jack Mearns, Xiaohui Yang, Peng Han, Salvatore J Catanzaro
Negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE) represent people's confidence that they can alleviate their negative affect or induce a positive emotional state through thought or action. NMRE predict coping behaviour and mood outcomes for individuals under stress. Since 1990, much research documents the reliability and validity of the English language Negative Mood Regulation (NMR) scale as a measure of NMRE. The current research reports two studies developing a Chinese language translation of the NMR (NMR-C) scale that goes beyond literal translation to be a culturally sensitive measure of NMRE in China...
August 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780913/maintaining-abstinence-from-smoking-after-a-period-of-enforced-abstinence-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-analysis-of-behaviour-change-techniques-with-a-focus-on-mental-health
#19
L S Brose, E Simonavicius, A McNeill
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence is doubled among people with mental health problems and reaches 80% in inpatient, substance misuse and prison settings, widening inequalities in morbidity and mortality. As more institutions become smoke-free but most smokers relapse immediately post-discharge, we aimed to review interventions to maintain abstinence post-discharge. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science were searched from inception to May 2016 and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies conducted with adult smokers in prison, inpatient mental health or substance use treatment included...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776462/demographic-and-spatial-disparity-in-hiv-prevalence-among-incarcerated-population-in-the-us-a-state-level-analysis
#20
Srimoyee Bose
The purpose of this study was to explore empirically the presence of any spatial and demographic disparity in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection rate among the prison inmates across 48 states in the US and compare the results for 2000 and 2010. HIV infection is a severe health issue for incarcerated populations in the US. In 2010, the rate of diagnosed HIV infection among inmates in state and federal prisons was five times more than the nonincarcerated population. The National Prisoner Statistics database was used to find the demographic disparities in HIV prevalence rate based on incarceration rate, gender, race/ethnicity, the proportion of non-US citizens, and proportion of population below 18 years...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
keyword
keyword
8063
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"