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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335531/associations-among-substance-use-mental-health-disorders-and-self-harm-in-a-prison-population-examining-group-risk-for-suicide-attempt
#1
Madison L Gates, Asher Turney, Elizabeth Ferguson, Veronica Walker, Michelle Staples-Horne
Substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders are significant public health issues that co-occur and are associated with high risk for suicide attempts. SUD and mental health disorders are more prevalent among offenders (i.e., prisoners or inmates) than the non-imprisoned population, raising concerns about the risk of self-harm. This cross-sectional study examined the population of a state prison system (10,988 out of 13,079) to identify associations among SUD (alcohol, cannabis, intravenous drugs, narcotics, and tobacco smoking), mental health disorders (anxiety, bipolar, depression, and psychotic disorders), and suicide attempts...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334661/extended-release-naltrexone-reduces-alcohol-consumption-among-released-prisoners-with-hiv-disease-as-they-transition-to-the-community
#2
Sandra A Springer, Angela Di Paola, Marwan M Azar, Russell Barbour, Archana Krishnan, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are highly prevalent among persons living with HIV (PLH) within the criminal justice system (CJS). Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) has not been previously evaluated among CJS-involved PLH with AUDs. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 100 HIV+ prisoners with AUDs. Participants were randomized 2:1 to receive 6 monthly injections of XR-NTX or placebo starting one week prior to release...
March 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334036/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-prisons-located-in-former-soviet-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
Maxwell Droznin, Allen Johnson, Asal Mohamadi Johnson
BACKGROUND: A systematic literature review was performed to investigate the occurrence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) in prisons located in countries formerly part of the Soviet Union. METHODS: A systematic search of published studies reporting MDR TB occurrence in prisons located in former Soviet countries was conducted by probing PubMed and Cumulative Index Nursing and Allied Health Literature for articles that met predetermined inclusion criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333611/transcendental-meditation-and-reduced-trauma-symptoms-in-female-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Sanford Nidich, Angela Seng, Blaze Compton, Tom O'connor, John W Salerno, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Compared with the general population, trauma experiences are higher among incarcerated women. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in female offenders. DESIGN: Twenty-two inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility in Wilsonville, OR, with at least 4 months left of incarceration were enrolled in this randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the TM group (n = 11) or a wait-list control group (n = 11)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332036/the-committed-intimate-partnerships-of-incarcerated-african-american-men-implications-for-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-and-prevention-opportunities
#5
Maria R Khan, Nabila El-Bassel, Carol E Golin, Joy D Scheidell, Adaora A Adimora, Ashley M Coatsworth, Hui Hu, Selena Judon-Monk, Katie P Medina, David A Wohl
Incarceration is thought to influence HIV transmission by disrupting partnerships that provide support and protect against sex risk-taking. Current correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs focus on marital partnerships, a minority of inmates' partnerships. Research on the sex partnerships of incarcerated African-American men and the types of partnerships most likely to protect against HIV-related sex risk is limited. Improved understanding can inform expansion of correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs to a greater proportion of protective partnerships and HIV risk reduction programs to partnerships vulnerable to sex risk...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327887/oral-anticoagulation-in-primary-care
#6
J Altirriba, P Aparicio
Oral anticoagulant therapy is currently widespread in the population and primary care plays an important role in its control in Spain. Younger populations, such as those in prisons, often require this treatment for reasons other than atrial fibrillation, often in relation to valvular or congenital or acquired hypercoagulability situations. The possibility of obtaining the INR by portable coagulometers has allowed primary care physicians to tackle the indication of this therapy and the control of these patients in coordination with haematology services...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327886/impact-on-the-psychotic-vulnerability-of-the-therapeutic-approachin-the-prison-psychiatric-hospital-in-seville-spain
#7
P Massé-García, F J Lamas-Bosque, A Massé-Palomo
OBJECTIVES: to analyze changes in psychotic vulnerability following the implementation of a program of prison psychiatric treatment, recidivism after the release and various descriptive variables of criminological interest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: review of a sample consisting of 50 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia admitted to the Prison Psychiatric Hospital of Seville. RESULTS: there was a statistically significant reduction of psychotic vulnerability according to an assessment using the Frankfurt psychopathological inventory (FBF-3), after conducting a complete psychiatric, psychological, social and rehabilitation approach in the prison environment...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327885/prison-nursing-legal-framework-and-care-reality
#8
H Carrasco-Baún
INTRODUCTION: Penitentiary Nursing has experienced during the last decades a deep transformation similar to that experienced by the rest of the Nursing. However, there is a great distance from the protective legislation. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the main legal documents which regulate the functions of Penitentiary Nursing and to compare it with the health care reality of nurses in Spanish prisons. METHODOLOGY: Narrative bibliographic review based on various sources such as Medline, Cuiden, Scielo, Dialnet, etc...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327884/diabetes-in-prisons-improving-its-management
#9
Edelmiro Menéndez Torre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325062/personal-experiences-of-the-criminal-justice-system-by-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Sissel Berge Helverschou, Kari Steindal, Jim Aage Nøttestad, Patricia Howlin
The processes of arrest, investigation, trial and imprisonment are often extremely difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. In this study, nine offenders with autism spectrum disorders were interviewed about the circumstance surrounding the criminal acts, their views of the arrest, the police interrogation, the trial and the defence and their experiences of being in prison and/or life following the offence. The nine individuals described a range of different and often negative experiences with the Criminal Justice System...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319291/high-risk-of-overdose-death-following-release-from-prison-variations-in-mortality-during-a-15-year-observation-period
#11
Anne Bukten, Marianne Riksheim Stavseth, Svetlana Skurtveit, Aage Tverdal, John Strang, Thomas Clausen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The time post-release from prison involves elevated mortality, especially overdose deaths. Variations in overdose mortality both by time since release from prison and time of release has not been sufficiently investigated. Our aims were to estimate and compare overdose death rates at time intervals after prison release and to estimate the effect on overdose death rates over calendar time. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: This 15-year cohort study includes all persons (n= 91,090) released from prison (01...
March 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316848/strongyloides-hyperinfection-in-a-renal-transplant-patient-always-be-on-the-lookout
#12
Murtaza Mazhar, Ijlal Akbar Ali, Nelson Iván Agudelo Higuita
We present a case of a 71-year-old Vietnamese man with chronic kidney disease secondary to adult polycystic kidney disease. He had been a prisoner of war before undergoing a successful cadaveric renal transplant in the United States. He presented to clinic one year after the transplant with gross hematuria, productive cough, intermittent chills, and weight loss. Long standing peripheral eosinophilia of 600-1200/μL triggered further evaluation. A wet mount of stool revealed Strongyloides stercoralis larvae...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316785/narrative-change-narrative-stability-and-structural-constraint-the-case-of-prisoner-reentry-narratives
#13
David J Harding, Cheyney C Dobson, Jessica J B Wyse, Jeffrey D Morenoff
Cultural sociologists and other social scientists have increasingly used the concept of narrative as a theoretical tool to understand how individuals make sense of the links between their past, present, and future, how individuals construct social identities from cultural building blocks, and how culture shapes social action and individual behavior. Despite its richness, we contend that the narratives literature has yet to grapple with narrative change and stability when structural constraints or barriers challenge personal narratives and narrative identities...
March 2017: Am J Cult Sociol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314070/long-lasting-effects-of-chronic-heavy-cannabis-abuse
#14
Joannis N Nestoros, Elena Vakonaki, Manolis N Tzatzarakis, Athanasios Alegakis, Markos D Skondras, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent of short-term memory impairment and schizophrenia-like symptoms in heavy and systematic cannabis users and the association between the severity of abuse and the longevity of its persistent symptoms after refraining from such use. METHODS: A complete psychiatric examination and a psychometric evaluation were performed in 48 solely cannabis users. Additionally, head hair samples were analyzed and the detected cannabinoids levels were correlated with the psychometric findings...
March 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301702/space-for-the-prisoner-s-point-of-view
#15
Laura Haupt
The lead article in this issue discusses a potentially free metaphorical space-that of decision-making-within the confines, tangible and intangible, of life in jail or prison. By interviewing prisoner-participants from six clinical studies, Paul Christopher and colleagues sought to find out how these men and women would answer open-ended questions about their decision to enroll in the research. What the interviewers heard was that none saw themselves as having been inappropriately pressured to do so. In fact, a significant percentage of the prisoners described being dissuaded from participating in the studies...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301701/enrolling-in-clinical-research-while-incarcerated-what-influences-participants-decisions
#16
Paul P Christopher, Lorena G Garcia-Sampson, Michael Stein, Jennifer Johnson, Josiah Rich, Charles Lidz
As a 2006 Institute of Medicine report highlights, surprisingly little empirical attention has been paid to how prisoners arrive at decisions to participate in modern research. With our study, we aimed to fill this gap by identifying a more comprehensive range of factors as reported by prisoners themselves during semistructured interviews. Our participants described a diverse range of motives, both favoring and opposing their eventual decision to join. Many are well-recognized considerations among nonincarcerated clinical research participants, including a desire for various forms of personal benefit, altruism, and concern about study risks and inconveniences...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301699/coercion-and-access-to-health-care
#17
Keramet Reiter
In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, Paul Christopher and colleagues describe a study of why prisoners choose to enroll in clinical research. The article represents an important methodological and policy contribution to the literature on prisoner participation in research and medical experimentation. Given the methodological and ethical debates to which this research seeks to make an empirical contribution, the careful manner in which the study was conducted and the transparency with which the authors describe the research is especially noteworthy...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299973/the-potential-of-prison-based-democratic-therapeutic-communities
#18
Jamie Bennett, Richard Shuker
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the work of HMP Grendon, the only prison in the UK to operate entirely as a series of democratic therapeutic communities and to summarise the research of its effectiveness. Design/methodology/approach The paper is both descriptive, providing an overview of the work of a prison-based therapeutic community, and offers a literature review regarding evidence of effectiveness. Findings The work of HMP Grendon has a wide range of positive benefits including reduced levels of disruption in prison, reduced self-harm, improved well-being, an environment that is experienced as more humane and reduced levels of reoffending...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299972/older-and-incarcerated-policy-implications-of-aging-prison-populations
#19
Zachary Psick, Jonathan Simon, Rebecca Brown, Cyrus Ahalt
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the policy Implications of aging prison populations. Design/methodology/approach An examination of the worldwide aging trend in prison and its implications for correctional policy, including an examination of population aging in California prisons as a case example of needed reform. Findings Prison populations worldwide are aging at an unprecedented rate, and age-related medical costs have had serious consequences for jurisdictions struggling to respond to the changes...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299971/addressing-excess-risk-of-overdose-among-recently-incarcerated-people-in-the-usa-harm-reduction-interventions-in-correctional-settings
#20
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, David H Cloud, Chelsea Davis, Nickolas Zaller, Ayesha Delany-Brumsey, Leah Pope, Sarah Martino, Benjamin Bouvier, Josiah Rich
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss overdose among those with criminal justice experience and recommend harm reduction strategies to lessen overdose risk among this vulnerable population. Design/methodology/approach Strategies are needed to reduce overdose deaths among those with recent incarceration. Jails and prisons are at the epicenter of the opioid epidemic but are a largely untapped setting for implementing overdose education, risk assessment, medication assisted treatment, and naloxone distribution programs...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
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