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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779456/understanding-polyvictimization-in-prison-prevalence-and-predictors-among-men-inmates-in-spain
#1
Francisco Caravaca-Sánchez, Nancy Wolff
Victimization-physical, sexual, and emotional-is part of prison life for a sizable proportion of incarcerated people. Research has primarily focused on the prevalence and predictors of physical or sexual victimization inside prisons located in the United States. Very little prison-based victimization research has been conducted in other countries, and even less has examined the clustering patterns of victimization (referred to as polyvictimization), and whether different demographic, behavioral health, and criminal risk factors are associated with polyvictimization...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764320/in-key-victory-for-death-penalty-opponents-supreme-court-sides-with-death-row-inmate-mcwilliams-v-dunn-1
#2
Marisa Bartolotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764177/solidarity-and-compassion-prisoners-as-hospice-volunteers-in-poland
#3
Piotr Krakowiak, Renata Deka, Anna Janowicz
Democracy in Eastern Europe arrived after a long fight with a communist regime, and the activities of medical volunteers have been developing in opposition to the existing then in Poland mentality called Homo Sovieticus. From 1981 onwards the Polish Hospice Movement there was inspired by practitioners and international experiences brought by visits of Dr. Cicely Saunders. The history of modern end-of-life care in Poland was connected to caring communities, which could be called compassionate, because of the volunteering of all hospice team members...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738944/sex-differences-in-traumatic-events-and-psychiatric-morbidity-associated-to-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-latino-prisoners
#4
Coralee Pérez-Pedrogo, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Rafael A González, José N Caraballo, Carmen E Albizu-García
Latinos comprised 17.1% of the U.S. population and 33.1% of US prisoners, yet they are underrepresented in the psychopathology literature. Despite higher rates of trauma among incarcerated individuals than in the general population, most of the previous research in this area focused primarily on women samples, and very few studies examined sex differences in PTSD and traumatic experiences. In addition, there is a need for research assessing traumatic experiences and probable PTSD in men and women Latino inmates to inform culturally competent care and sex sensitive care for this vulnerable and underserved population...
April 14, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737273/treatment-outcomes-of-brazilian-inmates-with-treponema-pallidum-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Graciela Mendonça Dos Santos Bet, Gleyce Hellen de Almeida de Souza, Júlio Croda, Maísa Estopa Correa, Romário Oliveira de Sales, Ruthe Aline da Silva Santos, Renata Viebrantz Enne Sgarbi, Renata Terumi Shiguematsu Yassuda, Ana Rita Castro Mota Coimbra, Maurício Antônio Pompílio, Simone Simionatto
A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the incidence and treatment outcomes of syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in inmates from Central Brazil. In 2013, 3,363 inmates from 12 prisons in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul were recruited, and 1,614 remained incarcerated after 1 year. The inmates were interviewed, and blood samples were collected for serological testing for Treponema pallidum and HIV infections. Inmates infected with T. pallidum or HIV within the first year were assessed for treatment using prison medical record data, based on Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test results, HIV-1 viral load, and CD4 counts...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706116/approved-and-off-label-use-of-prescribed-psychotropic-medications-among-federal-canadian-inmates
#6
Gregory P Brown, Lynn A Stewart, Terry Rabinowitz, Harold Boudreau, Angela J Wright
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychotropic medication prescription practices in federal Canadian penitentiaries. METHOD: 468 files were drawn from a purposive sample of thirteen Canadian federal institutions representing the five regions, different security levels, and male and female designated facilities. Information on the names of all psychotropic medications prescribed, indications for use, dosage, frequency, and route of administration was retrieved. Designation of approved or off-label use of medications was determined by consulting: (1) the Health Canada (2016) Drug Product Database, (2) the Canadian Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties 2016, and (3) the American Hospital Formulary Service Drug Information 2016...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706102/a-narrative-review-of-mental-health-support-for-people-during-transition-from-incarceration-to-community-the-grass-can-be-greener-on-the-other-side-of-the-fence
#7
Jennifer Smith-Merry, Damian Mellifont, Kirsty McKenzie, Paul Clenaghan
BACKGROUND: Despite significant need for mental health services targeting the requirements of inmates transitioning into the community there is little research about successful recovery-oriented or person-centred transition programs. AIMS: This systematic narrative review brings together existing evidence to inform policymakers and practitioners about current practice in transition support, and barriers and facilitators of effective practice. METHOD: We carried out a systematic narrative review of recovery-oriented or person-centred mental health support programs supporting transition from incarceration to the community...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685697/mental-health-of-jail-inmates-within-the-prison-of-ducos-martinique-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#8
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685057/sexual-violence-among-male-inmates
#9
Carly M Hilinski-Rosick, Tina L Freiburger
Inmate misconduct has been a widely studied topic for many decades. General studies of misconduct have found that there are certain factors that contribute to misconduct, including age, gender, sentence length, and facility type. Few studies, however, have examined the factors predicting sexual offenses in a prison conduct. Although many studies of victims of sexual offenses in prison have been conducted, there is a lack of studies examining the perpetrators of prison sexual violence. The current study attempted to expand this body of literature by examining the correlates of sexual misconduct among a sample of male inmates incarcerated in the state of North Carolina during 2010...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677699/-epidemic-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-prisoners-compared-to-the-german-population-an-analysis-based-on-laboratory-results
#10
Friedrich Pürner, Merle M Böhmer, Manfred Wildner
OBJECTIVE: Effects of long-term imprisonment on the vitamin D (vitD) status of prison inmates in Germany have not been systematically assessed so far. Special circumstances in prisons - little sunlight exposure combined with restricted outdoor activities - may lead to vitD deficiency among prisoners. The aim of this study was to assess the vitD status of prisoners and the general population in order to quantify the extent of vitD deficiency in both groups. METHODS: VitD status (25(OH)D in blood serum samples) was assessed in female inmates of a prison in southern Germany between May 2012-June 2013...
April 20, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672095/concurrent-validity-of-the-personality-assessment-screener-in-a-large-sample-of-offenders
#11
Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, Kevin S Douglas
Mental health problems are disproportionately prevalent in forensic and correctional settings, and there have been numerous attempts to develop screening tools to evaluate individuals in such contexts. This study investigates the clinical utility of the Personality Assessment Screener (PAS; Morey, 1997), a brief self-report measure of risk for emotional and behavioral dysfunction, in a large mixed-gender offender sample (N = 1,658). The PAS is a 22-item measure derived from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991, 2007), a more comprehensive self-report instrument widely used to assess for psychological disturbances among forensic and correctional populations...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669512/a-systematic-review-of-transmission-dynamic-studies-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-non-hospital-residential-facilities
#12
Kin On Kwok, Jonathan M Read, Arthur Tang, Hong Chen, Steven Riley, Kai Man Kam
BACKGROUND: Non-hospital residential facilities are important reservoirs for MRSA transmission. However, conclusions and public health implications drawn from the many mathematical models depicting nosocomial MRSA transmission may not be applicable to these settings. Therefore, we reviewed the MRSA transmission dynamics studies in defined non-hospital residential facilities to: (1) provide an overview of basic epidemiology which has been addressed; (2) identify future research direction; and (3) improve future model implementation...
April 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666647/oral-health-of-lipjan-convicts-kosovo-prison-house
#13
Luljeta Zajmi, Agim Begzati, Milaim Sejdini, Nora Berisha, Lumnije Krasniqi
Objectives: The oral health services of the prison population are considered more complex than those of the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the oral health status (the DMFT index and OHI index) and to evaluate the relation between the oral health and risk factors of inmates of this population, thus identifying the dental health status of inmates by gender, age, and the duration of their sentence. Materials and Methods: Our study has included a total number of 150 inmates, of both genders, from Lipjan prison house in Kosovo...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663957/high-utility-of-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-an-ethiopian-prison
#14
Y Merid, Y Woldeamanuel, M Abebe, D G Datiko, T Hailu, G Habtamu, G Assefa, R R Kempker, H M Blumberg, A Aseffa
SETTING: Hawassa Prison, Southern Region of Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the burden of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) using active case finding among prisoners. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, prisoners were screened for TB using a symptom screen. Those with cough of 2 weeks had spot and morning sputum samples collected for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy and molecular diagnostic testing (Xpert® MTB/RIF). RESULTS: Among 2068 prisoners, 372 (18%) had a positive cough screen...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663951/active-case-finding-and-treatment-adherence-in-risk-groups-in-the-tuberculosis-pre-elimination-era
#15
R K Gupta, M Lipman, A Story, A Hayward, G de Vries, R van Hest, C Erkens, M X Rangaka, I Abubakar
Vulnerable populations, including homeless persons, high-risk drug and alcohol users, prison inmates and other marginalised populations, contribute a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis (TB) cases in low-incidence settings. Drivers of this disease burden include an increased risk of both TB transmission in congregate settings, and progression from infection to active disease. Late diagnosis and poor treatment completion further propagate the epidemic and fuel the acquisition of drug resistance. These groups are therefore a major priority for TB control programmes in low-incidence settings...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660111/confidence-in-attachment-relationships-and-marital-status-as-protective-factors-for-self-perceived-parental-role-and-in-person-visitation-with-children-among-incarcerated-fathers
#16
Michele Giovanni Laquale, Gabrielle Coppola, Rosalinda Cassibba, Maria Pasceri, Susanna Pietralunga, Alessandro Taurino, Cristina Semeraro, Ignazio Grattagliano
The study aimed at investigating the role of confidence in attachment relationships and marital status as protective factors for incarcerated fathers' self-perceived parental role and in-person contacts with their children. Participants included 150 inmate fathers and 145 nonincarcerated control fathers who provided background sociodemographic information and completed two self-reports, the Attachment Style Questionnaire and the Self-Perception of Parental Role. A two-phased cluster analytic plan allowed us to highlight two profiles of self-perceived parental roles, with incarceration and low confidence in attachment relationships increasing the risk of the less optimal of the two profiles...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652094/from-in-vivo-to-in-vitro-how-the-guatemala-std-experiments-transformed-bodies-into-biospecimens
#17
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Paul A Lombardo
Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from the Tuskegee syphilis experiments for ongoing research. We argue there should be a public accounting of whether there are still biospecimens from the Guatemala and Tuskegee experiments held in US government biorepositories today...
April 13, 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651681/higher-autistic-traits-among-criminals-but-no-link-to-psychopathy-findings-from-a-high-security-prison-in-portugal
#18
Diana Loureiro, Ana Machado, Tânia Silva, Tânia Veigas, Carlos Ramalheira, Joaquim Cerejeira
The relationship between autism, criminality and psychopathy has gained increased attention in recent years, although research has focused on autism spectrum disorders, and not autistic traits. We measured autistic traits (with the Autism Spectrum Quotient) in a sample of 101 inmates from a high-security prison and compared them to a control group, using a logistic regression model that included age, education, psychopathology, psychopathy and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder as covariates. Prisoners had more autistic traits (OR 1...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649258/clinician-ratings-of-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-psychopathic-personality-capp-in-a-representative-sample-of-spanish-prison-inmates-new-validity-evidence
#19
Gerardo Flórez, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez, Pilar A Saíz, David J Cooke
The Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) is a concept map of psychopathic personality disorder (PPD). The CAPP- Institutional Rating Scale (IRS) is a tool designed to assess CAPP symptoms in institutional settings. The CAPP contains 33 personality traits organized in six domains: attachment, behavioural, cognitive, dominance, emotional and self. Until now, much of the CAPP research has been conducted out of clinical, forensic and correctional settings using self-ratings. In the current study, the psychometric properties and construct validity of the CAPP-IRS were evaluated in a non-convenience sample of 204 Spanish convicts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648594/active-case-finding-for-communicable-diseases-in-prison-settings-increasing-testing-coverage-and-uptake-among-the-prison-population-in-the-european-union-european-economic-area
#20
Lara Tavoschi, Hilde Vroling, Giordano Madeddu, Sergio Babudieri, Roberto Monarca, Marije Vonk Noordegraaf-Schouten, Netta Beer, Joana Gomes Dias, Éamonn O'Moore, Dagmar Hedrich, Anouk Oordt-Speets
Prison populations are disproportionally affected by communicable diseases when compared with the general community because of a complex mix of socioeconomic determinants and environmental factors. Tailored and adequate health care provision in prisons has the potential to reach vulnerable and underserved groups and address their complex needs. We investigated the available evidence on modalities and effectiveness of active case-finding interventions in prisons by searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for records on prison and active case finding with no language limit...
April 10, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
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