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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134856/boston-offender-needs-delivery-project
#1
Leila Salem, Emily Reichert, Julianne Siegfriedt, Taylor Hall, Stephanie W Hartwell
To bridge a gap in access to community services for releasing state inmates, the Boston Offender Needs Delivery (BOND) project was developed as a longitudinal study (2014-2016) of adult inmates with a history of substance use and co-occurring mental health disorders returning to the community following detention in one of Massachusetts' State correctional facilities. Pre-release inmates who were wrapping up their sentence (i.e., no community supervision) and presented with mental illness and/or substance use disorder were recruited...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131730/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#2
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119358/hepatitis-b-c-and-d-virus-genotypes-detected-in-hbsag-or-anti-hcv-positive-people-from-the-republic-of-moldova
#3
Ala Gori, Stela Gheorgita, Constantin Spinu, Iurie Pinzaru, Ala Halacu, Octavian Sajen, Luminița Suveica, Aurélie Sausy, Claude P Muller, Judith M Hübschen
In the Republic of Moldova, little is known about hepatitis B, C and D virus (HBV, HCV, HDV) genotypes, although the genetic variant may influence the course and outcome of disease. For HBV genotyping, 301 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive sera collected in 2010 and 2011 from drug users, prison inmates, commercial sex workers, and the general population in different geographical regions were investigated. The 31 HBsAg-positive sera collected in 2011 were also tested for HDV. Eighty-eight anti-HCV-positive sera collected between 2010 and 2011 from the general population and health care workers were used for HCV genotyping...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117723/cardiovascular-disease-risk-predicts-health-perception-in-prison-inmates
#4
Zyad T Saleh, Alison Connell, Terry A Lennie, Alison L Bailey, Rami A Elshatarat, Khalil Yousef, Debra K Moser
We hypothesized that risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) would be associated with worse health perceptions in prison inmates. This study included 362 inmates recruited from four medium security prisons in Kentucky. Framingham Risk Score was used to estimate the risk of developing CVD within the next 10 years. A single item on self-rated health from the Medical Outcomes Survey-Short Form 36 was used to measure health perception. Multinomial logistic regression showed that for every 1-unit increase in Framingham Risk Score, inmates were 23% more likely to have rated their health as fair/poor and 11% more likely to rate their health as good rather than very good/excellent...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103371/prolonged-incarceration-and-prisoners-wellbeing-livid-experiences-of-awaiting-trial-pre-trial-remand-prisoners-in-nigeria
#5
Charles T Orjiakor, Dorothy I Ugwu, John E Eze, Leonard I Ugwu, Peace N Ibeagha, Desmond U Onu
PURPOSE: Awaiting trial prisoners (ATPs) are represented in prisons globally, and may stay for long periods in detention. This group is however underrepresented in literature on incarcerated persons. We aim to explore the lived experiences of ATPs detained for prolonged years in a sub-Saharan country; examining what they make of their status and how their conditions have affected their wellbeing. METHOD: Eight inmates awaiting trial for armed robbery and murder offences, held for between 8 years and 15 years participated in a focus group discussion...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101814/injuries-associated-with-bunk-beds-that-occur-in-jail
#6
Randall T Loder, Jocelyn Cole Young
BACKGROUND: There are many studies of bunk bed injuries, but none specifically addressing those occurring in jails. It was the purpose of this study to investigate the magnitude and patterns of bunk bed injuries occurring in correctional institutions. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10 year period 2006 through 2015 due to bunk beds was accessed. Injuries involving bunk beds were identified and the mechanism of injury determined...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091234/teaching-nursing-students-to-care-for-patients-who-are-inmates
#7
Kathleen S Ashton
BACKGROUND: Inmates in federal or state correctional facilities or those who are under the custody of local law enforcement officials receive health care in acute care settings, and caring for these inmate-patients is difficult for many nurses. Nurse educators should teach nursing students that nurses care for all patients in all situations with respect for a person's inherent dignity and worth. METHOD: Information from relevant nursing publications was synthesized to provide nurse educators with content that can be useful when teaching nursing students to care for inmate-patients in acute care settings...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084290/exploring-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-of-prisoners-in-the-canton-of-vaud-switzerland
#8
Karine Moschetti, Véra Zabrodina, Pierre Stadelmann, Tenzin Wangmo, Alberto Holly, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Bernice S Elger, Bruno Gravier
Prison healthcare is an important public health concern given the increasing healthcare needs of a growing and aging prison population, which accumulates vulnerability factors and suffers from higher disease prevalence than the general population. This study identifies the key factors associated with outpatient general practitioner (GP), nursing or psychiatric healthcare utilization (HCU) within prisons. Cross-sectional data systematically collected by the prison medical staff were obtained for a sample of 1664 adult prisoners of the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland, for the year 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083222/the-effects-of-the-growing-pro-social-program-on-cognitive-distortions-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-over-time-in-male-prison-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Maria do Céu Salvador, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of a structured cognitive-behavioral group program, Growing Pro-Social (GPS), in reducing cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas over time in male prison inmates. METHOD: A total of 254 participants were recruited from nine Portuguese prisons and allocated to receive GPS (n = 121) or treatment as usual (n = 133). Participants were assessed with self-report measures on cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas at baseline, during intervention, at post-treatment and at 12 months' follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072472/promoting-emotion-and-behavior-regulation-in-male-prison-inmates-a-secondary-data-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-the-efficacy-of-the-growing-pro-social-program
#10
Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Maria do Céu Salvador, José Pinto-Gouveia
This article describes a secondary data analysis collected from inmates who participated in an independent randomized controlled trial, testing the efficacy of the Growing Pro-Social (GPS) Program. The current study aimed to test the program's ability to increase, on one hand, cognitive reappraisal (adaptive emotion regulation strategy) and, on the other hand, decrease expressive suppression (maladaptive emotion regulation strategy) over time. It was also assessed if the GPS was capable of reducing disciplinary infractions committed by inmates over time...
October 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069337/health-related-quality-of-life-and-physical-activity-in-prison-a-multicenter-observational-study-in-italy
#11
Alice Mannocci, Daniele Mipatrini, Valeria D'Egidio, Jenny Rizzo, Sara Meggiolaro, Alberto Firenze, Giovanni Boccia, Omar E Santangelo, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre, Daniele Masala
Background: Inmates have a poorer health status than the general population. The physical activity is well know that improve the wellness of the people. This multicentric cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between Quality of Life (QoL) and physical activity levels among Italian prisoners. Methods: Inmates from eight prisons compiled a questionnaire. The Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) was used to measure inmates' weekly physical activity levels (MATwk)...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061132/depression-among-inmates-in-a-regional-prison-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Gambhir Shrestha, Deepak Kumar Yadav, Nidesh Sapkota, Dharanidhar Baral, Birendra Kumar Yadav, Avaniendra Chakravartty, Paras Kumar Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common form of mental disorder among inmates, with a prevalence much higher than in the general population. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of depression among inmates and identify factors associated with it. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Jhumka Regional Prison, the largest prison in eastern Nepal, from September 2014 to August 2015. A total of 434 randomly selected inmates were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire examining socio-demographic characteristics, detention status, self-reported health problems, substance use status, and suicidal ideation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052041/suicide-of-isolated-inmates-suffering-from-psychiatric-disorders-when-a-preventive-measure-becomes-punitive
#13
S Grassi, G Mandarelli, M Polacco, G Vetrugno, A G Spagnolo, Fabio De-Giorgio
We performed external autopsies and examinations on two inmates who had committed suicide by hanging themselves with their underwear and using the window bars of their cells as ligature points after they had been placed in solitary confinement. In one case, the inmate had even been deprived of her clothing (with the exception to her underwear). Underwear has been rarely described as a means for self-harm and, to the best of our knowledge, no previous study has focused on cases of prison suicides committed using this garment, even though it is available to every inmate...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047290/understanding-factors-related-to-prolonged-trial-of-detained-defendants-in-the-philippines
#14
Raymund E Narag
Utilizing a combination of jail official data and qualitative data gathered through Focus Group Discussions and interviews with inmates, court actors, and jail officers, this article investigates the factors related to prolonged trial of detained defendants in the Philippines. Sensitizing concepts derived from Western literature are utilized to understand individual, court, and jail-level variations to prolonged detention. Results from official jail data show the magnitude and extent of the problem. The narrative data suggests the salience of organizational and cultural dynamics that lead to the delay of cases for detained defendants...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046129/preventing-suicide-in-forensic-settings-assessment-and-intervention-for-inmates-with-serious-mental-illness
#15
Georgia M Winters, Emily Greene-Colozzi, Elizabeth L Jeglic
Suicide is one of the leading causes of inmate deaths in correctional settings. Furthermore, there is heightened risk for suicide among individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) who present in jails and prisons. In the present article, the authors review suicide risk factors associated with SMI, with emphasis on incarcerated individuals, and discuss the best practices in assessing risk for suicide. The authors review interventions designed to prevent suicide among individuals with SMI in forensic settings...
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045799/opt-out-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-testing-at-the-dallas-county-jail-uptake-prevalence-and-demographic-characteristics-of-testers
#16
Carolina de la Flor, Esmaeil Porsa, Ank E Nijhawan
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are common in the criminal justice system. We offered opt-out HIV/HCV testing at the Dallas County Jail during intake from June 2015 to November 2016, after which testing was integrated into routine phlebotomy processes. The uptake of testing increased from 12.9% (118/915) in June 2015 to 80.5% (269/334) in January 2016. HIV was confirmed in 1.0% (30/3155) of inmates; 6 were new diagnoses and all were linked to care. HCV antibody positivity was found in 16...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040976/diagnosing-psychopathy-through-emotional-regulation-tasks-heart-rate-variability-versus-implicit-association-test
#17
Gerardo Flórez, Xosé A Vila, María J Lado, Pedro Cuesta, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the assessment of psychopathy relies on semistructured interviews plus file reviews. In order to improve the predictive validity of psychopathy at the individual level, tools that are not based on the rating of signs and symptoms are in great need. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The present study was conducted in a representative sample of 204 Spanish sentenced inmates. These inmates have served at least 6 months of their sentence at the Pereiro de Aguiar (Ourense, Spain) penitentiary...
October 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034671/-hepatitis-c-in-prison-an-opportunity-for-healthcare
#18
Méoïn Hagège
Prison inmates constitute a vulnerable population, in which socially excluded, poor and marginalized individuals are overrepresented and infectious diseases are more prevalent than in the general population. The poor health of inmates and recently released inmates is a rarely studied public health problem. The health trajectories of inmates living with the hepatitis C virus is an interesting case study to discuss public health interventions in prison. It is presented here as part of a socio-anthropological study of inmates and healthcare professionals in France...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031158/a-potential-contribution-to-human-identification-using-peri-mortem-trauma-an-example-from-peru
#19
Jose P Baraybar
This is an exploratory study into the need for additional lines of forensic evidence in humanitarian cases using applied research. One hundred and twenty four, still unidentified terrorism inmates, were killed after surrendering to the Peruvian Army once it took control of the San Pedro-Lurigancho prison in Lima, Peru in 1986. Two questions are put forward: first, to what extent mechanism of injury (gunshot, blunt, sharp force) and bodily distribution of those injuries allow us to classify individuals into discrete sub-groups of people? The second question is to what respect can such a classification become an additional line of evidence assisting in generating hypotheses of identity regarding those individuals? The analysis of the 109 recovered bodies and their associated evidence show a sub group of four individuals differentiated from the rest based on the combination of injuries (gunshot and blunt force trauma), opposing trajectories and weapons...
September 21, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#20
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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