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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730915/burnout-among-danish-prison-personnel-a-question-of-quantitative-and-emotional-demands
#1
Dorte Raaby Andersen, Lars Peter Andersen, Charlotte Ann Gadegaard, Annie Høgh, Annick Prieur, Thomas Lund
Objectives The objective of this follow-up study was to investigate associations between individual, occupational and work environment factors and burnout among both uniformed and non-uniformed personnel working in the Danish Prison and Probation Service. Methods The participants (N = 4808) with client contact received a questionnaire in 2010 and again in 2011. In 2010, 2843 participants responded to the questionnaire (59.1%), and in 2011, 1741 responded to the questionnaire, yielding a response rate of 61...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730855/relationship-intervention-for-inmates-and-their-partners-bringing-couples-together-before-release
#2
Kerry Kazura
The aim of this intervention study was to examine the impact of the Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program on inmates and their partners with the programming goal to reduce the negative impact of incarceration on families. This study was conducted in a prison facility in the Northeast United States, and data were collected on 40 couples (40 male inmates and 40 female partners) that completed the program. This study used a self-report pre and post survey to collect data on relationship satisfaction, relationship confidence, types of interactions, as well as program satisfaction...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724668/mortality-rates-and-cause-of-death-among-former-prison-inmates-in-north-carolina
#3
Mark Jones, Gregory D Kearney, Xiaohui Xu, Tammy Norwood, Scott K Proescholdbell
BACKGROUND Inmates face challenges upon release from prison, including increased risk of death. We examine mortality among former inmates in North Carolina, including both violent and nonviolent deaths.METHODS A retrospective cohort study among former North Carolina inmates released between 2008 and 2010 were linked with North Carolina mortality data to determine cause of death. Inmates were followed through December 31, 2012. Mortality rates among former inmates were compared with deaths among North Carolina residents using standardized mortality ratios (SMRs)...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714722/pilot-testing-the-daily-activities-list-for-inmates-dali-item-evaluation-and-content-validity
#5
Philip R Magaletta, Rokas Perskaudas, Christina J Connors, Marc W Patry, Jarrod Reisweber, Alix McLearen
Scheduling enjoyable daily activities is a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy intervention used in the treatment of depression and substance abuse disorders that are prevalent disorders among inmates. To effectively use this intervention with inmates, an activities list with items ecologically sensitive to the correctional setting needs to be created. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate items; thus, establishing a content valid Daily Activities List for Inmates (DALI). Fifteen corrections professionals representing a wide range of disciplines and managerial backgrounds served as subject matter experts (SMEs)...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709385/recurrent-childhood-animal-cruelty-and-its-link-to-recurrent-adult-interpersonal-violence
#6
Caleb E Trentham, Christopher Hensley, Christina Policastro
In the early 1960s, researchers began to examine the potential link between childhood animal cruelty and future interpersonal violence. Findings since then have been inconsistent in establishing a relationship between the two. This may be due to researchers failing to measure the recurrency of childhood animal abuse and the recurrency of later violent acts committed in adulthood. The current study, using data from 257 inmates at a medium-security prison in a Southern state, is a replication of research conducted by Tallichet and Hensley, and Hensley, Tallichet, and Dutkiewicz, which examined this recurrency issue...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676410/tuberculosis-transmission-in-public-locations-in-tanzania-a-novel-approach-to-studying-airborne-disease-transmission
#7
Jerry Hella, Carl Morrow, Francis Mhimbira, Samuel Ginsberg, Nakul Chitnis, Sebastien Gagneux, Beatrice Mutayoba, Robin Wood, Lukas Fenner
OBJECTIVES: For tuberculosis (TB) transmission to occur, an uninfected individual must inhale the previously infected breath. Our objective was to identify potential TB transmission hotspots in metropolitan city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and to model the annual risk of TB transmission in different locations of public importance. METHODS: We collected indoor carbon dioxide (CO2) data from markets, prisons, night clubs, public transportation, religious and social halls, and from schools...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672787/the-efficacy-of-dog-assisted-therapy-in-detained-drug-users-a-pilot-study-in-an-italian-attenuated-custody-institute
#8
Laura Contalbrigo, Marta De Santis, Marica Toson, Maria Montanaro, Luca Farina, Aldo Costa, Felice Alfonso Nava
Drug addiction is a major care and safety challenge in prison context. Nowadays, rehabilitation and specific therapeutic programs are suggested to improve health and well-being of inmates during their detention time and to reduce substance abuse relapse after release from prison. Among these programs, several studies reported the benefits for inmates coming from animal assisted interventions. In this pilot controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a dog assisted therapy program addressed to 22 drug addicted male inmates housed in an attenuated custody institute in Italy...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656821/increased-coccidioidomycosis-among-inmates-at-a-california-prison-initial-investigation-in-2005-to-2006
#9
Lauren A Lee, Jean Yuan, Duc Vugia, Charlotte Wheeler, Robert Chapnick, Janet Mohle-Boetani
Since 2005, coccidioidomycosis has increased among inmates at a California prison. Our initial investigation found an incidence of 3,323 cases/100,000 persons. Black race, age ≥41 years, and residence on Yard C were significantly associated with coccidioidomycosis ( p < .05). Inmates at this prison have continued to be at risk for coccidioidomycosis.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656820/best-practices-for-nutrition-care-of-pregnant-women-in-prison
#10
Rebecca J Shlafer, Jamie Stang, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine A Forestell, Wendy Hellerstedt
Approximately 3% to 4% of women are pregnant upon their admission to prison. Pregnant inmates present unique challenges for correctional health providers, including meeting the nutritional needs for healthy pregnancy outcomes. The authors outline six recommendations for nutrition care for pregnant inmates, including (1) test for pregnancy; (2) prescribe prenatal vitamins; (3) follow nutrition recommendations outlined by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; (4) provide additional food, monitor over time, and allow for modifications to meet pregnancy needs; (5) ensure regular access to water; and (6) provide inmates with resources and education on healthy diet...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656789/suicide-prevention-in-correctional-settings-current-standards-and-recommendations-for-research-prevention-and-training
#11
Robert J Cramer, Hayley J Wechsler, Sarah L Miller, Elise Yenne
Inmates remain a vulnerable group at elevated risk for suicide, especially in light of stresses associated with incarceration. Despite the elevated risk for inmates, suicide prevention practices in corrections remain tenuous at best. The present article reviews literature on risk and protective factors for suicide among inmates as well as current recommended best practices. It then provides directions for suicide prevention provision, training, and research in correctional settings. These include adaptations for security staff of current empirically supported models of suicide risk training and intervention...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655427/the-development-and-efficacy-of-a-group-intervention-program-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-jail
#12
Corey M Leidenfrost, Ronald M Schoelerman, Michael Maher, Daniel Antonius
Providing cost-effective means to treat the influx of individuals with serious mental illness entering the correctional system is a major challenge. Failure to provide appropriate mental health treatment may lead to poor outcomes, including recidivism and suicide. Group intervention is an effective and cost efficient way to provide mental health treatment. However, it has been understudied in jail settings. To meet the needs of jail-inmates with serious mental illness, an eight-week group-based module curriculum was developed and studied through analyses of perceived usefulness, retention of key material, and associations with cognitive ability, improvement in psychiatric symptoms, and level of motivation...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654650/risk-factors-for-prevalent-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-inmates-in-a-state-prison-system-in-mexico
#13
Pablo F Belaunzarán-Zamudio, Juan L Mosqueda-Gomez, Alejando Macias-Hernandez, Juan G Sierra-Madero, Saifuddin Ahmed, Chris Beyrer
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of HCV-infection and identify associated factors among inmates in the State Prison System of Guanajuato in Mexico (Sep-2011 to Feb-2012). METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study in 10 prisons in the State of Guanajuato in Mexico (2011-2012). We offered HCV-testing and applied audio computer-assisted self-interviews to all adults imprisoned in the State Prison System. We used a complex survey analysis to estimate the distribution of variables and its corresponding 95% confidence intervals, taking into consideration the expected cluster effect by common characteristics within prisons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651657/association-between-violent-crime-and-psychosis-in-men-serving-prison-terms
#14
Javier Saavedra, Marcelino López, M Eva Trigo
Psychosis has been associated with committing violent crimes. However, it has been reported that the association is mediated by toxin consumption, personality disorders, and positive symptoms. This study will examine the relationship between different psychological disorders and sociodemographic variables, and violent crime perpetration in a sample of 472 men serving prison terms in Andalusia, Spain. A correlation-based, retrospective study was conducted and data were analyzed through logistic regression. The sample is representative of the Andalusian prison population, with a 95% level of confidence and ...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650185/sexual-misconduct-in-prison-what-factors-affect-whether-incarcerated-women-will-report-abuses-committed-by-prison-staff
#15
Sheryl P Kubiak, Hannah J Brenner, Deborah Bybee, Rebecca Campbell, Cristy E Cummings, Kathleen M Darcy, Gina Fedock, Rachael Goodman-Williams
More than 80,000 prisoners each year are sexually victimized during incarceration, but only about 8% report victimization to correctional authorities. Complicating reporting is the fact that half of the perpetrators are staff members. Given the restrictive and highly regulated prison environment, studies that examine reporting behaviors are difficult to conduct and to date information available relied on those who have reported or hypothetical victimization studies. This study uses an ecological framework and archival data from a class action lawsuit of sexual misconduct to determine predictors of reporting...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646844/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-hiv-infection-among-male-prisoners-in-tehran-iran
#16
SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Behnam Farhoudi, Minoo Mohraz, Fatemeh Golsoorat Pahlaviani, Mostafa Hosseini, Marzieh Farnia, Mohammad Shahbazi, Ramin Alasvand, Mehrzad Tashakoriyan
BACKGROUND: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted on 6900 male prisoners in Great Tehran Prison from October 2013 to May 2014. METHODS: In order to find HIV positive prisoners in the prison's quarantine and two housing units, we used HIV active case finding (ACF) strategy by rapid screening test. In ACF, healthcare staff and trained prisoners asked inmates to answer relevant questions about history of risky behaviors related to HIV as well as to be tested voluntarily by HIV rapid test...
June 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641217/the-aggressor-at-the-mirror-psychiatric-correlates-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-male-prison-inmates
#17
N Verdolini, A Murru, L Attademo, R Garinella, I Pacchiarotti, C Del Mar Bonnin, L Samalin, L Pauselli, M Piselli, A Tamantini, R Quartesan, A F Carvalho, E Vieta, A Tortorella
BACKGROUND: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) causes important concern in prison inmates as it worsens morbidity and increases the risk for suicide. The aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence and correlates of DSH in a large sample of male prisoners. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated male prisoners aged 18+ years. Current and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II Disorders and with the Addiction Severity Index-Expanded Version...
April 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632479/use-and-acceptability-of-salivary-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-in-an-english-young-offender-institution
#18
Sophie Candfield, Mannampallil I Samuel, David Ritchie, Candice McDonald, Michael Brady, Chris Taylor
People held in prison are at a high risk of having hepatitis C virus (HCV) and there is a public health drive in the UK to increase HCV testing in prisons and Young Offender Institutions (YOIs), with opt-out testing. There is an oral antibody test for HCV; this project aims to determine its acceptability in an English YOI setting. This project offered HCV oral point-of-care testing (POCT) using the OraQuick® test to 107 male young offenders attending a sexual health service at an English YOI, monitoring HCV positivity and evaluating acceptability...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628826/different-yet-similar-prisoners-versus-psychiatric-patients%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-comparison-of-their-mental-health
#19
S Otte, N Vasic, S Nigel, J Streb, T Ross, C Spitzer, H J Grabe, M Dudeck
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that prisoners have severe psychological distress. To assess their distress level and potential need for treatment, the present study compared the subjective psychological distress of long- and short-term prisoners with that of psychiatric and forensic patients. METHODS: Long- (n=98) and short-term prisoners (n=94) and forensic (n=102) and psychiatric (n=199) patients completed the German versions of the Symptom Checklist Revised (SCL-90-R) and Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)...
April 26, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#20
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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