keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Inmates

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308437/brain-volume-correlates-with-duration-of-abstinence-from-substance-abuse-in-a-region-specific-and-substance-specific-manner
#1
Cole Korponay, David S Kosson, Jean Decety, Kent A Kiehl, Michael Koenigs
Background: Human neuroimaging studies indicate that the loss of brain volume associated with substance abuse may be recovered during abstinence. Subcortical and prefrontal cortical regions involved in reward and decision-making are among the regions most consistently implicated in damage and recovery from substance abuse, but the relative capacities of these different brain regions to recover volume during abstinence remains unclear, and it is unknown whether recovery capacities depend on the substance that was abused...
October 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307318/outbreak-epidemiologically-linked-with-a-composite-product-of-beef-mechanically-separated-chicken-and-textured-vegetable-protein-contaminated-with-multiple-serotypes-of-salmonella-enterica-including-multidrug-resistant-infantis-california-2016
#2
J A Hutchinson, C Wheeler, J C Mohle-Boetani
A salmonellosis outbreak occurred at a California prison in April and May 2016. In a cohort study of 371 inmates, persons who consumed dishes from the prison kitchen made from ground meat had a higher attack rate (15%) than those who did not (4%) (risk ratio 3.4, 95% CI 1.1-10.6). The ground meat product was composed exclusively of beef, mechanically separated chicken (MSC) and textured vegetable protein; eight of eight lots of the product collected from the prison and processing facility were contaminated with Salmonella enterica of eight serotypes and 17 distinct PFGE patterns, including multidrug-resistant S...
January 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303035/reducing-hospital-readmissions-among-incarcerated-patients
#3
Clarence Cryer
In many health care settings, hospital readmissions represent poor quality and increased costs. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation includes reduced readmission rates among key performance indicators for the quality of care provided to inmates. More than 25% of the institutions continue to face challenges in minimizing these occurrences. Despite historic deficiencies, the California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison at Corcoran reduced 30-day readmissions over a 2-year period...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303034/the-effects-of-restrictive-housing-on-the-psychological-functioning-of-inmates
#4
J Hunter Astor, Thomas J Fagan, David Shapiro
The use of restrictive housing as a correctional management tool has received much attention in recent years, especially as it impacts psychological functioning. While there is considerable literature advocating for the reduced use of restrictive housing, much of it is based on opinions, interview data, and testimonials. This article reviews only the empirical evidence regarding the effects of restrictive housing on psychological functioning in actual correctional settings. Results of this review indicate that only a limited number of empirical studies examine the effects of restrictive housing on mental functioning in correctional settings...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303015/tests-of-the-attachment-and-developmental-dynamic-systems-theory-of-crime-addstoc-toward-a-differential-rdoc-diagnostic-and-treatment-approach
#5
Marc A Lindberg, Dana Zeid
The Attachment and Developmental Dynamic Systems Theory of Crime was tested on 206 male inmates. They completed measures tapping attachments, clinical issues, adverse childhood events, peer crime, and crime addictions. A significant path model was found, going from insecure parental attachments to adverse childhood events, and then on to the behavioral crime addiction and criminal peers scales. Peer crime was also predicted by insecure parent attachments and the crime addiction scale. Finally, the crime addiction, peer crime, and insecure parental attachment scales predicted frequencies of criminal behavior...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294962/psychological-predictors-of-aggressive-behavior-among-men-and-women
#6
Cristina Stefanile, Camilla Matera, Amanda Nerini, Luisa Puddu, Rosalba Raffagnino
This study examined the relationships among attitude toward violence, self-esteem, emotion dysregulation, anger, and aggression in community men and women and male inmates. Overall, 166 community men, 197 community women, and 100 male inmates completed a battery of questionnaires containing self-reported measures. Self-esteem and attitude toward violence were significant predictors of aggressive behavior, with emotion dysregulation mediating the relationship between self-esteem and the criterion variable. Anger mediated the relationship between emotion dysregulation and aggressive behavior only among community people...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294859/prison-homicide-an-extension-of-violent-criminal-careers
#7
Thomas J Reidy, Jon R Sorensen, Heidi Stone Bonner
This study investigated prison homicide perpetrators through the lens of the career criminal perspective. Prison homicide, while a rare event, has critical implications for the prison environment. Despite its importance as a form of institutional violence that must be addressed, only four studies in the past five decades have explored the characteristics of homicide perpetrators/victims, the motives, and circumstances of the crime. The goal of the current study was to develop a better understanding of prison homicide by examining 54 perpetrators who committed 37 inmate homicides over 40 years in a mid-Western state prison system...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294784/can-i-ask-for-help-the-relationship-among-incarcerated-males-sexual-orientation-sexual-abuse-history-and-perceptions-of-rape-in-prison
#8
Mina Ratkalkar, Cassandra A Atkin-Plunk
In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Although subsequent research to PREA has shed light on the prevalence and incidence of sexual violence in American prisons, few studies examine inmates' perceptions of rape and safety from rape in prison. Even less is known about how inmates' perceptions of rape influence mental health treatment-seeking behavior during incarceration. Using a sample of incarcerated men, this study adds to the limited body of research by examining the perceived fear of rape and mental health treatment-seeking behavior in two vulnerable prison populations-gay and bisexual inmates and inmates with a history of childhood sexual abuse...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294642/an-exploratory-study-of-female-psychopathy-and-drug-related-violent-crime
#9
Nicholas D Thomson
There is a clear link between drugs and violence, and the extensive burden drug-related violence inflicts on society. However, drug-related violence is largely understudied, especially in female populations. The aim of the present study was to explore whether women convicted of drug-related violent crime differed on individual-level risk factors from women convicted of a nondrug-related violent crime and women convicted of nonviolent crimes. One hundred and twenty-five female inmates were classified using official criminal records...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291476/neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-prison-inmates-comorbidity-and-combined-associations-with-psychiatric-symptoms-and-behavioural-disturbance
#10
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Hannah Mullens, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
The identification and management of inmates with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) has been insufficiently addressed in the literature. We estimated the proportion of cases with Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Intellectual disability (ID) in prison, their comorbidity, and associations with disruptive behaviours and with psychiatric symptoms. Further, we examined the role of coexisting ND on psychiatric symptoms and attitudes toward violence. All 390 male inmates underwent an assessment that included the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults 2...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286022/italian-prisoners-with-tuberculosis-in-the-early-nineteenth-century-the-experience-in-the-pianosa-prison-hospital
#11
Sergio Sabbatani, Sirio Fiorino, Roberto Manfredi
In the late nineteenth century, with industrial growth and the resulting mass urbanisation, tuberculosis represented a plague mainly among the poor social classes. The outdated and crowded Italian prisons (formerly old monasteries) during the early 1900s were insufficient to "host" the multitude of inmates condemned or waiting for judgment. Italian prisoners were beset by hunger and poor hygiene facilities. Clothes did not differ between winter and summer. The Criminal Sanatorium of Pianosa was officially inaugurated in 1907, but from the 1860s it had been set up to host an agricultural penal colony...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282239/prescribing-opioid-replacement-therapy-in-u-s-correctional-settings
#12
Pantea Farahmand, Vania Modesto-Lowe, Margaret M Chaplin
Opioid addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder associated with criminality, unemployment, infectious diseases, and legal problems. Such addictions are typically over-represented in correctional populations. Inmates with untreated opioid addiction often relapse shortly after release into the community, thereby increasing the risk of overdose, serious illnesses (HIV, hepatitis C) and psychosocial problems (e.g., crimes, recidivism, and reincarceration). There are three U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved medications for the treatment of opioid use disorder: methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277147/factors-that-promote-and-hinder-medication-adherence-from-the-perspective-of-inmates-in-a-provincial-remand-center-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Lauren Cuthbertson, Karolina Kowalewski, Jennifer Edge, Keith Courtney
Effective medication delivery to inmates within correctional facilities is essential for managing symptoms, preventing relapse, slowing disease progression, and enabling recovery. Despite its importance, medication adherence in correctional facilities is poor. This mixed methods study explores the factors that affect medication adherence from the perspective of 20 inmates at a provincial remand center in Alberta, Canada. Themes describing factors that promote or hinder medication adherence emerged: patient-related factors (addiction, social support, insight into disease, and purpose of medications), health care provider-related factors (health care provider attributes and trust in physicians), and correctional setting factors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276992/a-review-of-epidemiologic-studies-on-suicide-before-during-and-after-the-holocaust
#14
REVIEW
Itzhak Levav, Anat Brunstein Klomek
The available literature on the risk of suicides related to the Holocaust (1939-1945) and its aftermath differs in its time periods, in the countries investigated, and in the robustness of its sources. Reliable information seems to indicate that the risk of suicide for Jews in Nazi Germany and Austria during the pre-war period (1933-1939) was elevated, while information on suicide during the internment in the concentration camps is fraught with problems. The latter derives from the Nazis' decision to hide the statistics on the inmates' causes of death, and from the prevailing life conditions that impeded separation between self-inflicted death and murder...
December 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248797/molecular-epidemiology-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-from-prison-populations-in-santa-catarina-southern-brazil
#15
Taiane Freitas Medeiros, Christiane Lourenço Nogueira, Rodrigo Ivan Prim, Mara Cristina Scheffer, Eduardo Venâncio Alves, Darcita Büerger Rovaris, Thierry Zozio, Nalin Rastogi, Maria Luiza Bazzo
The Tuberculosis (TB) notification rates are 5 to 81 times higher in prisons worldwide when compared to the general population. The state of Santa Catarina (SC) has few epidemiological data regarding TB in prisons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the molecular epidemiology of circulating strains in prisons of SC. The study comprised 95 clinical samples from six prisons. Among the cases included, all subjects were male, predominantly caucasians, and young adults, with low education level. The positive smear in the TB diagnosis comprised 62...
December 14, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247923/distinct-pathological-profiles-of-inmates-showcasing-cluster-b-personality-traits-mental-disorders-and-substance-use-regarding-violent-behaviors
#16
Laura Dellazizzo, Jules R Dugré, Marieke Berwald, Marie-Christine Stafford, Gilles Côté, Stéphane Potvin, Alexandre Dumais
High rates of violence are found amid offenders with severe mental illnesses (SMI), substance use disorders (SUDs) and Cluster B personality disorders. Elevated rates of comorbidity lead to inconsistencies when it comes to this relationship. Furthermore, overlapping Cluster B personality traits have been associated with violence. Using multiple correspondence analysis and cluster analysis, this study was designed to differentiate profiles of 728 male inmates from penitentiary and psychiatric settings marked by personality traits, SMI and SUDs following different violent patterns...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242720/a-pilot-rct-of-a-values-based-mindfulness-group-intervention-with-jail-inmates-evidence-for-reduction-in-post-release-risk-behavior
#17
Elizabeth T Malouf, Kerstin Youman, Jeffrey Stuewig, Edward A Witt, June P Tangney
This study pilot-tested a values and mindfulness-based intervention (Re-Entry Values and Mindfulness Program: REVAMP) in a sample of male jail inmates. REVAMP aimed to reduce post-release risky behavior by targeting dimensions of mindfulness (e.g., willingness/acceptance) and associated proximal outcomes/mechanisms of action (emotion regulation, self-control, shame/guilt). Inmates were randomly assigned to REVAMP (n=21) or treatment as usual (TAU, n=19). Attendance and feedback supported REVAMP's feasibility and acceptability...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237316/do-demographic-factors-moderate-how-well-criminal-thinking-predicts-recidivism
#18
Johanna B Folk, Jeffrey B Stuewig, Brandy L Blasko, Michael Caudy, Andres G Martinez, Stephanie Maass, Faye S Taxman, June P Tangney
Is the relationship between criminal thinking and recidivism the same for criminal justice-involved individuals from varying demographic backgrounds? Relying on two independent samples of offenders and two measures of criminal thinking, the current studies examined whether four demographic factors-gender, race, age, and education-moderated the relationship between criminal thinking and recidivism. Study 1 consisted of 226 drug-involved probationers enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. Study 2 consisted of 346 jail inmates from a longitudinal study...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230918/poor-continuity-of-care-for-tb-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-zambian-prisons-a-situation-analysis
#19
S Hatwiinda, S M Topp, M Siyambango, J B Harris, K R Maggard, C Chileshe, N Kapata, S E Reid, G Henostroza
OBJECTIVES: Prisons act as infectious disease reservoirs. We aimed to explore the challenges of TB control and continuity of care in prisons in Zambia. METHODS: We evaluated treatment outcomes for a cohort of inmates diagnosed with TB during a TB REACH funded screening program initiated by the Zambia Prisons Service and the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia. RESULTS: Between October 2010 and September 2011, 6,282 inmates from six prisons were screened for TB, of whom 374 (6...
December 12, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215131/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-an-italian-prison-and-relation-with-average-term-of-detention-a-pilot-study
#20
D Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are universally recognized as risk factors for cardiovascular disease, stroke and other chronic diseases. The few studies of overweight and obesity in inmate populations suggest that the prevalence of obesity in an institution is associated with the prevalence of the region. The goal of the study is to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a sample of prisoners. METHODS: In a sample of prisoners of Busto Arsizio prison, weight and height were measured with standard method...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
keyword
keyword
8062
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"