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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527855/initiation-of-extended-release-naltrexone-xr-ntx-for-opioid-use-disorder-prior-to-release-from-prison
#1
Peter D Friedmann, Donna Wilson, Randall Hoskinson, Michael Poshkus, Jennifer G Clarke
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder is common in prison populations, and prison release is a high-risk time for relapse and overdose. Initiation of extended release injectable naltrexone (XR-NTX)) prior to prison release might decrease relapse among opioid-dependent persons. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study examined the feasibility and acceptability of XR-NTX injection prior to prison release among adult inmates with opioid use disorder, followed by six months of community XR-NTX treatment...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499409/in-your-face-the-biased-judgement-of-fear-anger-expressions-in-violent-offenders
#2
Martin Wegrzyn, Sina Westphal, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Why is it that certain violent criminals repeatedly find themselves engaged in brawls? Many inmates report having felt provoked or threatened by their victims, which might be due to a tendency to ascribe malicious intentions when faced with ambiguous social signals, termed hostile attribution bias. METHODS: The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493270/public-health-alternatives-to-incarceration-for-drug-offenders
#3
REVIEW
Nicholas Clark, Kate Dolan, David Farabee
Drug users are vastly overrepresented in prison populations. Once inside they face increased risks of acquiring infections such as HIV, hepatitis and TB, and on release they face an elevated risk of fatal overdose. Relapse and recidivism are the norm following release from prison. The implementation of evidence-based drug treatment programmes in prison is rare, yet drug treatment in prison reduces the transmission of infections, recidivism and fatal overdose on release. Recognising the negative returns associated with incarceration, many jurisdictions have begun to consider alternatives such as depenalisation of the personal use of illicit drugs, provision of treatment and social reintegration of drug offenders, and a shift in focus from supply reduction to demand and harm reduction measures in the community and in prison...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483175/-cost-effectiveness-of-synchronous-vs-asynchronous-telepsychiatry-in-prison-inmates-with-depression
#4
Camilo Barrera-Valencia, Alexis Vladimir Benito-Devia, Consuelo Vélez-Álvarez, Mario Figueroa-Barrera, Sandra Milena Franco-Idárraga
INTRODUCTION: Telepsychiatry is defined as the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in providing remote psychiatric services. Telepsychiatry is applied using two types of communication: synchronous (real time) and asynchronous (store and forward). OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of a synchronous and an asynchronous telepsychiatric model in prison inmate patients with symptoms of depression. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness study was performed on a population consisting of 157 patients from the Establecimiento Penitenciario y Carcelario de Mediana Seguridad de Manizales, Colombia...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481612/examining-the-bidirectional-association-between-veteran-homelessness-and-incarceration-within-the-context-of-permanent-supportive-housing
#5
Meagan Cusack, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery
Homelessness and incarceration share a bidirectional association: individuals experiencing homelessness are more likely to be incarcerated and former inmates are more likely to become homeless. Permanent supportive housing (PSH) programs have demonstrated positive outcomes for participants with criminal histories, yet participants continue to exit to jail or prison and experience subsequent homelessness. Using data on Veterans participating in a PSH program at 4 locations between 2011 and 2014 (N = 1,060), logistic regression was used to examine the risk factors for exiting PSH because of incarceration and returning to homelessness...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480857/combined-antiviral-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-with-pegylated-interferon-peg-ifn-%C3%AE-2a-pegferon-and-ribavirin-copegus-in-inmates
#6
E Vashakidze, T Imnadze
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of combined antiviral therapy in prisoners with HCV. In total, 210 patients with chronic C hepatitis have been observed. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to HCV genotype: Group I: - 70 patients infected with genotype 1a/1b; Group II: - 70 patients infected with genotype 2a/2b; Group III: - 70 patients infected with genotype 3a. As for the patients with genotype I: RVR - rapid virological response was negative in 100%; EVR - early virological response was negative in 99%; EOT - end of treatment results was negative in 94% and SVR- sustained virologic response was negative in 91%...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476429/-hospitalization-in-french-forensic-units-results-of-a-patient-satisfaction-survey
#7
D de Labrouhe, L Plancke, A Amad, C-L Charrel, D Touitou, M Bodon-Bruzel, P Thomas, T Fovet
BACKGROUND: In France, special full-time inpatient hospital units (UHSA) have been created for inmates with psychiatric disorders. Since they were established in 2010, the quality of care in such units has not been studied. Particularly, no patient satisfaction survey has been conducted yet. The main objective of this study was to assess the patients' satisfaction about their hospitalization in UHSA. METHODS: A descriptive study has been performed in two hospitals (UHSA of Villejuif and UHSA of Lille-Seclin)...
May 2, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475943/psychometric-properties-of-the-motivational-interviewing-treatment-integrity-coding-system-4-2-with-jail-inmates
#8
Mandy D Owens, Lauren N Rowell, Theresa Moyers
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based approach shown to be helpful for a variety of behaviors across many populations. Treatment fidelity is an important tool for understanding how and with whom MI may be most helpful. The Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity coding system was recently updated to incorporate new developments in the research and theory of MI, including the relational and technical hypotheses of MI (MITI 4.2). To date, no studies have examined the MITI 4.2 with forensic populations...
April 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453525/high-mortality-among-male-hiv-infected-patients-after-prison-release-art-is-not-enough-after-incarceration-with-hiv
#9
Florence Huber, Alice Merceron, Yoann Madec, Gueda Gadio, Vincent About, Agathe Pastre, Isabelle Coupez, Antoine Adenis, Leila Adriouch, Mathieu Nacher
CONTEXT: French Guiana is a South American French territory, where HIV prevalence consistently exceeds 1% in the adult population. In the only correctional facility, HIV prevalence fluctuates at around 4%. AIMS: After describing the population of HIV-positive inmates, we aimed to evaluate mortality after release from the correctional facility, and to identify its predictive factors. RATIONALE: Outside North American settings, data on treatment outcome and vital status of HIV-positive former inmates are scarce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449670/ethics-of-health-research-with-prisoners-in-canada
#10
Diego S Silva, Flora I Matheson, James V Lavery
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing recognition for the need to improve the health of prisoners in Canada and the need for health research, there has been little discussion of the ethical issues with regards to health research with prisoners in Canada. The purpose of this paper is to encourage a national conversation about what it means to conduct ethically sound health research with prisoners given the current realities of the Canadian system. Lessons from the Canadian system could presumably apply in other jurisdictions...
April 27, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449629/the-changing-epidemiology-of-hiv-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#11
Jacques Baillargeon, John S Pulvino, Jane E Leonardson, Lannette C Linthicum, Brie Williams, Joseph Penn, Robert S Williams, Gwen Baillargeon, Owen J Murray
Although the rate of HIV infection among US prison inmates is considerably higher than that of the general population, little is known about age-related changes in HIV-infected inmates over the last decade. This study of the nation's largest state prison system examined (1) whether the mean age of the HIV-infected inmate increased over the last decade, and (2) whether the prevalence of HIV and associated comorbidities varied according to age. The study population included all 230,103 inmates incarcerated in the Texas prison system for any duration during 2014...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439790/evaluating-fidelity-to-a-modified-niatx-process-improvement-strategy-for-improving-hiv-services-in-correctional-facilities
#12
Jennifer Pankow, Jennifer Willett, Yang Yang, Holly Swan, Richard Dembo, William M Burdon, Yvonne Patterson, Frank S Pearson, Steven Belenko, Linda K Frisman
In a study aimed at improving the quality of HIV services for inmates, an organizational process improvement strategy using change teams was tested in 14 correctional facilities in 8 US states and Puerto Rico. Data to examine fidelity to the process improvement strategy consisted of quantitative ratings of the structural and process components of the strategy and qualitative notes that explicate challenges in maintaining fidelity to the strategy. Fidelity challenges included (1) lack of communication and leadership within change teams, (2) instability in team membership, and (3) issues with data utilization in decision-making to implement improvements to services delivery...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437171/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#13
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#14
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426734/study-of-deaths-by-suicide-of-homosexual-prisoners-in-nazi-sachsenhausen-concentration-camp
#15
Esther Cuerda-Galindo, Francisco López-Muñoz, Matthis Krischel, Astrid Ley
Living conditions in Nazi concentration camps were harsh and inhumane, leading many prisoners to commit suicide. Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg, Germany) was a concentration camp that operated from 1936 to 1945. More than 200,000 people were detained there under Nazi rule. This study analyzes deaths classified as suicides by inmates in this camp, classified as homosexuals, both according to the surviving Nazi files. This collective was especially repressed by the Nazi authorities. Data was collected from the archives of Sachsenhausen Memorial and the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426364/patterns-of-mood-and-personality-factors-and-associations-with-sti-hiv-related-drug-and-sex-risk-among-african-american-male-inmates
#16
Joy D Scheidell, Carl W Lejuez, Carol E Golin, Adaora A Adimora, David A Wohl, Larry D Keen, Michael Hammond, Selena Judon-Monk, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with comorbid mental disorders and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risk among inmates is scant despite the high prevalence of psychopathology and of STI/HIV in this population. METHODS: We used baseline data from Project DISRUPT, a cohort study conducted among incarcerated African American men (n = 207), to measure associations between ASPD and STI/HIV risk. We also conducted latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify subgroups defined by ASPD with comorbid stress, depression, and borderline personality disorder symptoms and measured associations between latent class membership and STI/HIV risk...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421891/truth-be-told-evaluation-of-a-narrative-and-skills-intervention-in-two-women-s-prisons
#17
Michael W Ross
This article describes the evaluation of a narrative and skills intervention to enable women to come to terms with their offenses, tell the truth, and then work to deal with the emotions and issues surrounding their offenses, in two southern U.S. women's prisons. The intervention involved skills building in communication, community building, creativity, and caring for the self, using narrative writing, speaking, and movement. There was broad agreement that the intervention had multiple positive impacts, including insight into factors that lead to incarceration, comfort with selves and better ability to express themselves, restorative justice (ability to understand the situation of others, understanding the impact on themselves and their families), better relationships with other inmates, and understanding the challenges that may lead to recidivism...
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421890/inmate-health-care-provided-in-an-emergency-department
#18
Lindsey Koester, Jay M Brenner, Aimee Goulette, Susan M Wojcik, William Grant
The United States has the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Many correctional facilities have outsourced the medical care for this population that often presents with complex health issues. This study evaluates the reasons that inmates present to an emergency department (ED) and compares them to the general population ED visits. The most common presenting complaints were trauma (16.8%), abdominal pain (13.5%), chest pain (9.0%), and self-injury (8.7%). These presenting complaints differed significantly from those of the general population (abdominal pain [8...
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419146/household-crowding-as-a-potential-mediator-of-socioeconomic-determinants-of-tuberculosis-incidence-in-brazil
#19
Daniele Maria Pelissari, Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano
Although many studies have identified social conditions associated with tuberculosis, contextual and individual factors have rarely been analysed simultaneously. Consequently, we aimed to identify contextual and individual factors associated with tuberculosis incidence in general population in Brazil in 2010. We also assessed whether household crowding mediates the association between socioeconomic determinants and tuberculosis incidence. Individual data of tuberculosis cases were obtained from 5,565 municipalities in Brazil in 2010 (last year of national census), and merged with contextual variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418789/transitions-and-motivations-for-substance-misuse-in-prison-inmates-with-adhd-and-conduct-disorder-validation-of-a-new-instrument
#20
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Kim Wolff, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
OBJECTIVE: There is a reasonable theoretical base for understanding the possible causes and motivations behind substance misuse and its dependency. There is a need for a reliable and valid measure that delineates the markers of substance use from its initiation and identifies different motivations for drug use transitioning, maintenance, and dependency. We addressed this gap in the United Kingdom by examining and validating the Substance Transitions in Addiction Rating Scale (STARS). METHODS: For this review, 390 male prisoners were screened for conduct disorder and assessed with a clinical diagnostic interview for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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