keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Inmates

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#1
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878323/assessing-needs-for-psychiatric-treatment-in-prisoners-2-met-and-unmet-need
#2
Sharon Jakobowitz, Paul Bebbington, Nigel McKenzie, Rachel Iveson, Gary Duffield, Mark Kerr, Helen Killaspy
BACKGROUND: In a companion paper, we established high levels of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners (Bebbington et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 2016). In the current report, we evaluate how this morbidity translates into specific needs for treatment and the consequent implications for services. Mental health treatment needs and the extent to which they had been met were assessed in a representative sample of prisoners in a male and a female prison in London (Pentonville and Holloway)...
November 22, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878322/assessing-needs-for-psychiatric-treatment-in-prisoners-1-prevalence-of-disorder
#3
Paul Bebbington, Sharon Jakobowitz, Nigel McKenzie, Helen Killaspy, Rachel Iveson, Gary Duffield, Mark Kerr
BACKGROUND: High levels of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners have important implications for services. Assessing Needs for Psychiatric Treatment in Prisoners is an evaluation of representative samples of prisoners in a male and a female prison in London. This paper reports on the prevalence of mental disorders. In a companion paper, we describe how this translates into mental health treatment needs and the extent to which they have been met. METHODS: Prisoners were randomly sampled in a sequential procedure based on the Local Inmate Data System...
November 22, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874320/a-consensual-qualitative-research-analysis-of-the-experience-of-inmate-hospice-caregivers-posttraumatic-growth-while-incarcerated
#4
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Christopher W Kerr, Debra L Luczkiewicz
A growing number of correctional facilities train inmates to provide end-of-life care for dying inmates. This study explores the phenomenological perspective of inmate-caregivers participating in an inmate-facilitated hospice program (IFHP) with regard to meaning and purpose in life, attitudes on death and dying, and perceived personal impact of participation. Twenty-two inmate-caregivers were interviewed at a maximum-security state correctional facility in the United States. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861903/bestiality-in-forensically-committed-sexual-offenders-a-case-series
#5
Brian Holoyda
Although bestiality has occurred since prehistoric times, it remains a poorly understood aspect of human sexuality. Prevalence studies in the mid-20th century suggested that bestiality was a relatively common phenomenon. Since that time, researchers have studied bestiality among specific populations, including self-identified "zoophiles" and inmates who report a history of bestiality. Findings from inmate research suggest that bestiality may represent a risk factor for future interpersonal violence. This study presents a case series of bestiality among sexual offenders committed under forensic commitment schemes...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858889/correlates-of-infection-and-molecular-characterization-of-blood-borne-hiv-hcv-and-hbv-infections-in-hiv-1-infected-inmates-in-italy-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#6
Nunzia Sanarico, Stefania D'Amato, Roberto Bruni, Claudia Rovetto, Emanuela Salvi, Patrizia Di Zeo, Paola Chionne, Elisabetta Madonna, Giulio Pisani, Angela Costantino, Michele Equestre, Maria E Tosti, Alessandra Cenci, Maria T Maggiorella, Leonardo Sernicola, Emanuele Pontali, Alfredo Pansera, Rocco Quattrocchi, Sergio Carbonara, Fabio Signorile, Lorenzo Antonio Surace, Guido Federzoni, Elisa Garlassi, Giulio Starnini, Roberto Monarca, Sergio Babudieri, Maria Rapicetta, Maria G Pompa, Anna Caraglia, Barbara Ensoli, Anna R Ciccaglione, Stefano Buttò
Coinfection of blood-borne hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses (HBV and HCV, respectively) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-positive individuals frequently occurs in inmate population and peculiar viral strains and patterns of virological markers may be observed.Plasma from 69 HIV-1-positive inmates was obtained from 7 clinical centers connected with correctional centers in different towns in Italy. HIV, HBV, and HCV markers were tested by commercial assays. Virus genotyping was carried out by sequencing the protease and reverse transcriptase-encoding region (PR-RT region) for HIV and a region encompassing the NS5B gene for HCV and subsequent phylogenetic analysis...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852256/health-conditions-of-inmates-in-italy
#7
Fabio Voller, Caterina Silvestri, Gianrocco Martino, Eleonora Fanti, Giorgio Bazzerla, Fabio Ferrari, Marco Grignani, Sandro Libianchi, Antonio Maria Pagano, Franco Scarpa, Cristina Stasi, Teresa Di Fiandra
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that prison is characterized by a higher prevalence of chronic diseases than unconfined settings. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and health of inmates, focusing on internal diseases. METHODS: We designed a specific clinical record using the Python programming language. We considered all of the diagnoses according to the ICD-9-CM. RESULTS: Of a total of 17,086 inmates, 15,751 were enrolled in our study (M = 14,835; F = 869), corresponding to 92...
November 16, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849280/pap-smear-in-incarcerated-women
#8
Celene Aparecida Ferrari Audi, Silvia Maria Santiago, Maria da Graça Garcia Andrade, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco
In Brazil, in 2012, 6.4% of the prison population was made up of women. The aim of the study was to verify the coverage of the Pap smear according to sociodemographic characteristics and health problems reported among incarcerated women. Cross-sectional study conducted from August 2012 to July 2013, considering the records of 702 inmates aged between 25 and 64 years and the duration of imprisonment (not less than 12 months). The average age of the women surveyed was 34.7 years. The performance of cervical cytology was reported by 26...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847131/the-establishment-and-prospect-of-health-indicators-for-inmates-in-correctional-institutions
#9
Yi-Chi Hung, Jih-Chiao Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845835/lonely-too-long-redefining-and-reforming-juvenile-solitary-confinement
#10
Jessica Lee
Solitary confinement is a frequently used penal tool in all fifty states against all types of offenders. However, since its development in the 1800s, solitary confinement has been found to have damaging psychological effects. Juvenile inmates in particular suffer the greatest psychological damage from solitary confinement because their brains are still in a developmental state. This has led many to propose various reforms that would either end or limit the use of solitary confinement for those under the age of eighteen...
November 2016: Fordham Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831598/prison-nursing-and-its-training
#11
M Sánchez-Roig, A Coll-Cámara
The main task of nurses is to take care of sick and healthy people and evaluate changes in their health conditions. The goal is to take the appropriate measures to help their recovery or guarantee a dignified death, and if possible, help them regain autonomy and independence. Nursing is present in different areas: primary health, mental health, accident and emergencies, intensive and coronary care, surgical care, paediatrics, geriatrics, public health, occupational health, teaching, etc. In our case, prison nursing, one of the least known branches of the profession, we wanted to investigate more deeply the work of nurses in prisons, which aspect of health care they are responsible for and to what type of population they are geared towards, as well as the necessary training to be able to work in such a particular environment...
December 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831596/health-education-for-prevalent-problems-in-prison-oca%C3%A3-a-i-proyect-spain
#12
C Maestre-Miquel, C Zabala-Baños, J A García, J M Antolín
OBJECTIVE: Pilot project focusing on the implementation and evaluation of a health education (HE) program for inmates of the prison of Ocaña I (Spain). The objective was to analyze the intentions for change in health habits and perceptions, and to assess whether the HE-program had differential effects depending on whether the participants belonged to the PAIEM or not and their socio-demographic characteristics. METHODOLOGY: The participants were 65 men, who answered an ad hoc questionnaire at the end of each session...
December 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831595/prevalence-of-mental-health-problems-in-sentenced-men-in-prisons-from-andaluc%C3%A3-a-spain
#13
M López, F J Saavedra, A López, M Laviana
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of different mental health problems in men serving prison sentences in Andalusia. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study of a random sample of 472 men interned in two prisons located in Andalusia. We collected socio-demographic and general criminal and penitentiary data, and we identified mental health problems with two validated instruments for epidemiological research in mental health: the SCID-I interview to diagnose Axis 1 disorders of the DSM-IV and the self-applied questionnaire IPDE to estimate personality disorders...
December 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829114/mental-health-services-in-texas-jails
#14
Emilie A Becker
Jails and prisons in the United States have become the places where people with mental illness go. Texas jails were surveyed in 2012 to learn how they screened inmates for mental illness. Of these jails, 13% responded. Most screened for suicidal ideation and whether or not an inmate took a medicine. About half the jails offered in-house care, and the other half referred inmates to the local mental health authority. Most jails had a formal jail diversion program, and most thought that mental health illness was increasing...
November 1, 2016: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819465/elucidating-the-validity-of-the-externalizing-spectrum-of-psychopathology-in-correctional-forensic-and-community-samples
#15
Martin Sellbom
Krueger and colleagues (2007) have elaborated on a hierarchical structural model of externalizing psychopathology, with a general overarching factor and 2 residual liability factors reflecting callous-aggression and substance misuse. The current study used an independent set of symptom and behavior indicators (items derived from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form) to test alternative models of externalizing. In mixed-sex samples of correctional inmates (n = 42,290), forensic criminal defendants (n = 1,065), and community participants (n = 2,214), a bifactor model based on Krueger, Markon, Patrick, Benning, and Kramer (2007) was associated with better model fit relative to a 1-factor model, 2-factor model, and a bifactor model with 2 random bifactors...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816218/the-association-between-substance-use-and-physical-victimization-among-incarcerated-men-in-spanish-prisons
#16
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Nancy Wolff
Physical victimization and substance use are common behaviors inside prisons. Yet little is known about whether there is an association between substance use and physical victimization among male inmates. We examined the absolute and relative association between substance use (prior to, during, and both prior to and during incarceration) and physical victimization while incarcerated. For this study, 2484 men (mean age of 36.3years; SD=11.1) were sampled from eight prisons located in Spain. Information was collected using self-report questionnaires probing experiences of physical victimization while incarcerated and substance use prior to prison and during the past six months in prison...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815935/are-the-testing-needs-of-key-european-populations-affected-by-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-being-addressed-a-scoping-review-of-testing-studies-in-europe
#17
REVIEW
Jeffrey V Lazarus, Ida Sperle, Alexander Spina, Jürgen K Rockstroh
AIM: To investigate whether or not key populations affected by hepatitis B and hepatitis C are being tested sufficiently for these diseases throughout the European region. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies on HBV and HCV testing in the 53 Member States of the World Health Organization European Region following PRISMA criteria. RESULTS: 136 English-language studies from 24 countries published between January 2007 and June 2013 were found...
October 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812658/prevalence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-among-prison-inmates-in-the-city-of-florian%C3%A3-polis
#18
Mariano Felisberto, Antonio Adalberto Saretto, Sandro Wopereis, Arício Treitinger, Marcos José Machado, Celso Spada
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among prison inmates and to define the behavioral profile of infected individuals. METHODS: In total, 147 individuals were interviewed and provided biological material. The study population consisted of male individuals who presented at the health unit of the Florianopolis State Penitentiary. RESULTS: The prevalence of HIV infection was 2...
September 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808558/construct-validity-of-the-mmpi-2-rf-triarchic-psychopathy-scales-in-correctional-and-collegiate-samples
#19
Taylor J Kutchen, Dustin B Wygant, Jessica L Tylicki, Amy M Dieter, Carlo O C Veltri, Martin Sellbom
This study examined the MMPI-2-RF (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) Triarchic Psychopathy scales recently developed by Sellbom et al. ( 2016 ) in 3 separate groups of male correctional inmates and 2 college samples. Participants were administered a diverse battery of psychopathy specific measures (e.g., Psychopathy Checklist-Revised [Hare, 2003 ], Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised [Lilienfeld & Widows, 2005 ], Triarchic Psychopathy Measure [Patrick, 2010 ]), omnibus personality and psychopathology measures such as the Personality Assessment Inventory (Morey, 2007 ) and Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012 ), and narrow-band measures that capture conceptually relevant constructs...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802872/cognitive-status-and-profile-validity-on-the-personality-assessment-inventory-pai-in-offenders-with-serious-mental-illness
#20
Tatiana M Matlasz, Jamie L Brylski, Corey M Leidenfrost, Matt Scalco, Samuel J Sinclair, Ronald M Schoelerman, Valerie Tsang, Daniel Antonius
Cognitive impairment among seriously mentally ill offenders has implications for legal matters (e.g., competency to stand trial), as well as clinical treatment and care. Thus, being able to identify potential cognitive concerns early in the adjudication process can be important when deciding on further interventions. In this study, we examined the validity scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI), scores on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV (WAIS-IV), and competency findings in male inmates (n=61) diagnosed with a serious mental illness...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
8062
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"