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Liliana L Cubas-Gaona, Elisabet Diaz-Beneitez, Marina Ciscar, José F Rodríguez, Dolores Rodríguez
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) belongs to the Birnaviridae family and is the etiological agent of a highly contagious and immunosuppressive disease (IBD) that affects domestic chickens ( Gallus gallus ). IBD or Gumboro disease leads to high morbidity and mortality of infected animals, and is responsible for major economic losses to the poultry industry world-wide. IBD is characterized by a massive loss of IgM-bearing B lymphocytes and the destruction of the bursa of Fabricius. The molecular bases of the IBDV pathogenicity are still poorly understood, nonetheless, an exacerbated cytokine immune response and B cell depletion due to apoptosis are considered main factors contributing to the severity of the disease...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Virology
Lu Li, Hai-Dong Fu
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) represent a form of cell death distinct from apoptosis or necrosis. The imbalance between the formation and degradation of NETs has long been considered to be closely associated with the activity of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). Reactive oxygen species derived from the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase pathway or mitochondrial DNA pathway play a key role in the primary stage of NETs formation. The exposure or delayed degradation of abundant autoantigens, such as double-strand DNA, caused by abnormal activation of neutrophils can induce autoantibody to form immune complexes that deposit in local tissues and then induce the plasmacytoid dendritic cells to secrete the interferon alpha and other inflammatory factors...
March 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Victoria P Strouvelle, Dominique L Braun, Valentina Vongrad, Alexandra U Scherrer, Yik Lim Kok, Roger D Kouyos, Marcel Stöckle, Andri Rauch, Katharine Darling, Matthias Hoffmann, Karin J Metzner, Huldrych F Günthard
Pegylated interferon-alpha (pIFN-α) is suggested to lower HIV-1 DNA load in antiretroviral therapy (ART) treated patients. We studied the kinetics of total HIV-1 DNA levels in 40 HIV-1/hepatitis C (HCV) coinfected patients, treated with pIFN-α for HCV and categorized into three groups according to start of ART: Chronic HIV-1 infection (n=22), acute HIV-1 infection (n=8), no-ART (n=10). Total HIV-1 DNA levels were quantified in 247 PBMC samples and remained stable before, during, and after pIFN-α treatment in all three groups...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Tiziano Barbui, Ayalew Tefferi, Alessandro M Vannucchi, Francesco Passamonti, Richard T Silver, Ronald Hoffman, Srdan Verstovsek, Ruben Mesa, Jean-Jacques Kiladjian, Rȕdiger Hehlmann, Andreas Reiter, Francisco Cervantes, Claire Harrison, Mary Frances Mc Mullin, Hans Carl Hasselbalch, Steffen Koschmieder, Monia Marchetti, Andrea Bacigalupo, Guido Finazzi, Nicolaus Kroeger, Martin Griesshammer, Gunnar Birgegard, Giovanni Barosi
This document updates the recommendations on the management of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph-neg MPNs) published in 2011 by the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) consortium. Recommendations were produced by multiple-step formalized procedures of group discussion. A critical appraisal of evidence by using Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology was performed in the areas where at least one randomized clinical trial was published. Seven randomized controlled trials provided the evidence base; earlier phase trials also informed recommendation development...
February 27, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
F Cohen Aubart, J Haroche, J-F Emile, F Charlotte, S Barete, N Schleinitz, J Donadieu, Z Amoura
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) was first described by the French pathologist Paul Destombes in 1965. It frequently affects children or young adults and is characterized by the presence of large histiocytes with emperipolesis. More than 50 years after this first description, the pathogenesis of this rare disease is still poorly understood. The revised classification of histiocytoses published in 2016 identified various forms of RDD, from familial RDD to IgG4-associated RDD. Almost 90% of the patients with RDD have cervical lymph nodes involvement although all the organs may virtually be involved...
February 28, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Graham A Lee, Lauren Hess, William J Glasson, Kevin Whitehead
PURPOSE: The use of topical interferon alpha-2b is a well-established treatment for ocular surface squamous neoplasia. There have been numerous reports on its efficacy and high safety profile. Benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia in ocular tissues has not been previously documented by histopathology after interferon treatment. METHODS: This case report describes a 55-year-old man who had successful resolution of his ocular surface squamous neoplasia after topical treatment, but developed forniceal tissue deposits...
February 27, 2018: Cornea
Mohcine Elmessaoudi-Idrissi, Arnaud Blondel, Anass Kettani, Marc P Windisch, Soumaya Benjelloun, Sayeh Ezzikouri
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a major global health burden. Interferon alpha and nucleos(t)ide analogues are currently the standard-of-care for chronic HBV infection. However, these antiviral agents have limited efficacy and do not result in a sustained virological response in the majority of infected patients. Virtual Screening (VS) strategies have now a strong impact on drug discovery, the strength of this research field has been corroborated by recent contributions in the development of novel drug candidates which are in clinical trials or which are already available in the clinics...
February 21, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Mario Rizzetto
New therapeutic strategies to treat chronic hepatitis D are directed to deprive the hepatitis D virus (HDV) of functions necessary to complete its life cycle that are provided by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and by the host. Current options are (1) the block by the synthetic peptide Myrcludex B of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) entry into cells through the inhibition of the sodium taurocholate cotransporting receptor; (2) the inhibition with lonafarnib of the farnesylation of the large HD antigen, required for virion assembly; (3) the presumed reduction by the nucleic acid polymer REP 2139 of the release of the HBsAg and subviral HBV particles necessary for HD virion morphogenesis...
February 2018: Seminars in Liver Disease
Alessandro Invernizzi, Franca Iannaccone, Sylvia Marchi, Valentina Mastrofilippo, Marco Coassin, Luigi Fontana, Carlo Salvarani, Peter McCluskey, Luca Cimino
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of interferon (IFN) alpha-2a in post-infectious uveitis secondary to presumed intraocular tuberculosis (IOTB). METHODS: Patients with chronic uveitis secondary to presumed IOTB who, after completing an antitubercular treatment, showed poor response to treatments or recurred after tapering oral corticosteroids to ≤7.5 mg/day were enrolled. All patients were treated with IFN alpha-2a subcutaneous injections. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), and inflammatory signs were compared between baseline and follow-up visits up to six months...
February 22, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Ji Hwan Lee, Christopher Seungkyu Lee, Sung Chul Lee
BACKGROUND: To evaluate therapeutic outcomes of interferon alpha-2a (IFNα2a) treatment in patients with Behcet's disease who were refractory to immunosuppressive agents. METHODS: This retrospective case series reviewed the medical records of 5 patients with refractory Behcet uveitis from January 2011 to February 2017. IFNα2a was administered at a dose of 3 million IU 3 times per week. Clinical response, relapse rate, and change of visual acuity were evaluated...
February 20, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Meihua Ran, Jiegang Huang, Hao Liang, Junjun Jiang, Bingyu Liang, Chuanyi Ning, Ning Zang, Weibo Liao, Huifang Liu, Fengxiang Qin, Quanlue Yang, Wenzhe Ho, Li Ye, Hui Chen
AIM: Alcohol could compromise the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) function of interferon-alpha (IFN-α). However, little information is available about the effect of alcohol on interferon-lambda (IFN-λ, type III IFN), a novel candidate for development of therapy for HCV infection. METHODS: Huh7 cells were infected with HCV JFH-1 virus, then treated with alcohol and/or IFN-λ1. RT-PCR and western blot were used to detect the levels of HCV and key cellular factors. Overexpression or silencing expression was performed to verify the role of key factors in alcohol-attenuated anti-HCV function of IFN-λ1...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Shan Shan, Fuqian Cui, Jidong Jia
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an enormous economic and social burden. Asian countries such as Vietnam, Mongolia, Laos, China, the Philippines, South Korea, Singapore and Cambodia have high or high-intermediate HBsAg prevalence. Most of the chronic HBV carriers in this region acquire their infection during early childhood or through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Asia has been highly successful in controlling HBV in the last 2 decades. For example, China has adopted a comprehensive strategy to control HBV and has offered universal HBV vaccination to infants since 1992...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Jean-François Augusto, Marie-Elise Truchetet, Nicolas Charles, Patrick Blanco, Christophe Richez
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease involving multiple immunological pathways. Recently, several studies have suggested an implication of Immunoglobulin E (IgE) in the pathophysiology of SLE. In the Lyn-/- and FcγIIB-/- .Yaa lupus mouse models, autoreactive IgE activate basophils, and promote a Th2 environment with, subsequently, production of autoantibodies by plasma cells. Autoreactive IgE has been also shown to play a role in the activation of human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), in synergy with IgG, which results in an increase of interferon-alpha (IFN-α) production...
February 7, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Sandro Pasquali, Andreas V Hadjinicolaou, Vanna Chiarion Sileni, Carlo Riccardo Rossi, Simone Mocellin
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of people with metastatic cutaneous melanoma, a skin cancer, is generally poor. Recently, new classes of drugs (e.g. immune checkpoint inhibitors and small-molecule targeted drugs) have significantly improved patient prognosis, which has drastically changed the landscape of melanoma therapeutic management. This is an update of a Cochrane Review published in 2000. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of systemic treatments for metastatic cutaneous melanoma...
February 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Yucel Aydin, Animesh Chatterjee, Partha K Chandra, Srinivas Chava, Weina Chen, Anamika Tandon, Asha Dash, Milad Chedid, Martin W Moehlen, Frederic Regenstein, Luis A Balart, Ari Cohen, Hua Lu, Tong Wu, Srikanta Dash
The mechanism why hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance by direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) does not eliminate the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among patients with advanced cirrhosis is unclear. Many viral and bacterial infections degrade p53 in favor of cell survival to adapt an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress response. In this study, we examined whether HCV clearance by interferon-alpha or DAAs normalizes the ER stress and restores the expression of p53 tumor suppressor in cell culture. We found that HCV infection induces chronic ER stress and unfolded protein response in untransformed primary human hepatocytes...
May 2017: Hepatology Communications
Mathilde Leclercq, M Le Besnerais, V Langlois, N Girszyn, Y Benhamou, C Ngo, H Levesque, M Muraine, J Gueudry
Biotherapies appear as potential drugs for the treatment of inflammatory noninfectious uveitis. In this report, we show that tocilizumab, an anti-IL-6 agent, greatly improved two patients with birdshot chorioretinopathy refractory to conventional immunosuppressive drugs, interferon α2a, and anti-TNFα agents. After a follow-up of 22 months, patients exhibited an improvement of both visual acuity and macular edema. A corticosteroid-sparing effect was achieved in both cases.
February 3, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Marie Lindgren, Jan Samuelsson, Lars Nilsson, Håvar Knutsen, Waleed Ghanima, Johan Westin, Peter L Johansson, Björn Andréasson
OBJECTIVE: In myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) interferon-alpha (IFN-α) is an effective treatment with disease-modifying properties but currently with no clear predictors of treatment outcome. Recent genome-wide association studies in chronic hepatitis C, have found a strong influence of genetic polymorphism near the IL28B (IFNL3) gene on response to IFN-α treatment. In this study we sought to evaluate the prognostic impact of IL28B rs12979860, rs8099917 and rs12980275 on IFN-α treatment response in myeloproliferative neoplasms...
January 25, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Manpreet Singh, Natasha Gautam, Manpreet Kaur
PURPOSE: To report the clinical presentation of mitomycin-C (MMC)-resistant ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) and its treatment outcome with topical interferon alpha-2b (IFNα-2b). METHODS: A prospective, non-randomised, pilot study enrolling clinically diagnosed OSSN patients. The inclusion criterion was resistance of OSSN to standard topical MMC (0.02%) chemotherapy. The resistance was defined as 'no clinical response' in the terms of reduction in tumour size, extension and vascularity after minimum 6 weeks 'on-cycles' of MMC...
January 23, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Toshiya Kamiyama, Tatsuhiko Kakisaka, Tatsuya Orimo, Kenji Wakayama
Despite surgical removal of tumors with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, early recurrence tends to occur, and overall survival (OS) periods remain extremely short. The role that hepatectomy may play in long-term survival for HCC with PVTT has not been established. The operative mortality of hepatectomy for HCC with PVTT has also not been reviewed. Hence, we reviewed recent literature to assess these parameters. The OS of patients who received hepatectomy in conjunction with multidisciplinary treatment tended to be superior to that of patients who did not...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
Hailong Ma, Shufang Jin, Wenyi Yang, Ge Zhou, Mei Zhao, Sijie Fang, Zhiyuan Zhang, Jingzhou Hu
BACKGROUND: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapies have been tested in the clinic as treatments for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Owing to intrinsic or acquired resistance, EGFR-targeted therapies often lead to a low response rate and treatment failure. Interferon-alpha (IFNα) is a chemosensitising agent and multi-functional cytokine with a tumour inhibitory effect. However, the synergic effect of IFNα and EGFR-targeted therapies (erlotinib and nimotuzumab) and their mechanisms in HNSCC remain unclear...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
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