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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149029/kappaphycus-alvarezii-as-a-food-supplement-prevents-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rats
#1
Stephen Wanyonyi, Ryan du Preez, Lindsay Brown, Nicholas A Paul, Sunil K Panchal
The red seaweed, Kappaphycus alvarezii, was evaluated for its potential to prevent signs of metabolic syndrome through use as a whole food supplement. Major biochemical components of dried Kappaphycus are carrageenan (soluble fiber ~34.6%) and salt (predominantly potassium (K) 20%) with a low overall energy content for whole seaweed. Eight to nine week old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups and fed for 8 weeks on a corn starch diet, a high-carbohydrate, high-fat (H) diet, alone or supplemented with a 5% (w/w) dried and milled Kappaphycus blended into the base diet...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147923/anti-aminoacyl-trna-synthetase-related-myositis-and-dermatomyositis-clues-for-differential-diagnosis-on-muscle-biopsy
#2
Bruna Cerbelli, Annalinda Pisano, Serena Colafrancesco, Maria Gemma Pignataro, Marco Biffoni, Silvia Berni, Antonia De Luca, Valeria Riccieri, Roberta Priori, Guido Valesini, Giulia d'Amati, Carla Giordano
Anti-synthetase syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibodies toward amino acyl-tRNA synthetases (ARS), anti-Jo 1 being the most commonly detected. Muscle damage develops in up to 90% of ARS-positive patients, characterized by a necrotizing myositis restricted to the perifascicular region. This topographic distribution of muscle damage may lead to a misdiagnosis of dermatomyositis (DM) at muscle biopsy. We compared morphological, immunohistochemical, and histoenzymatic features of muscle from ARS-positive patients (n = 11) with those of DM (n = 7) providing clues for their differential diagnosis...
November 16, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137803/dietary-fiber-intake-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#3
Baozhu Wei, Yang Liu, Xuan Lin, Ying Fang, Jing Cui, Jing Wan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Epidemiological studies show inconsistent findings on the association of dietary fiber intake with risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Herein, we aim to conduct a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the role of dietary fiber in prevention of MetS. METHODS: A systematical search in PubMed and Embase databases through December 2016, together with reference scrutiny of relevant literature, was performed to identify studies for inclusion...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133062/anatomical-and-physiological-basis-of-continuous-spike-wave-of-sleep-syndrome-after-early-thalamic-lesions
#4
Alberto Leal, Eulália Calado, José P Vieira, Carla Mendonça, José C Ferreira, Hugo Ferreira, Daniel Carvalho, Fátima Furtado, Roseli Gomes, José P Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Early neonatal thalamic lesions account for about 14% of continuous spike-wave of sleep (CSWS) syndrome, representing the most common etiology in this epileptic encephalopathy in children, and promise useful insights into the pathophysiology of the disease. METHODS: We describe nine patients with unilateral neonatal thalamic lesions which progressed to CSWS. Longitudinal whole-night and high-density electroencephalograms (EEGs) were performed, as well as detailed imaging and clinical evaluation...
November 10, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123880/efficacy-of-direct-hemoperfusion-with-a-polymyxin-b-immobilized-fiber-column-in-miliary-tuberculosis
#5
Yasumasa Kawano, Ryotaro Nagashima, Shinichi Morimoto, Yoshito Izutani, Reiko Yamasaki, Takeshi Nishida, Mitsutoshi Iwaasa, Hiroyasu Ishikura
Case: A 75-year-old woman presented with a 10-day history of intermittent fever, general fatigue, and progressive dyspnea. Although she had a low PaO2/FIO2 ratio, the cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome was not clear until day 9 in hospital. Outcome: We treated the patient with direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column incidentally; the PaO2/FIO2 ratio improved following this therapy. Acid-fast bacilli, which were not seen in the sputum on admission, were detected in cultures from sputum, urine, bone marrow, liver biopsy, and blood samples, with a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay confirming tuberculosis...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118959/congenital-myasthenic-syndrome-due-to-dok7-mutations-in-a-family-from-chile
#6
Jorge A Bevilacqua, Marian Lara, Jorge Díaz, Mario Campero, Jessica Vázquez, Ricardo A Maselli
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are neuromuscular transmission disorders caused by mutations in genes encoding neuromuscular junction proteins. A 61-year-old female and her older sister showed bilateral ptosis, facial and proximal limb weakness, and scoliosis since childhood. Another female sibling had milder signs, while other family members were asymptomatic. Facial nerve repetitive stimulation in the proband showed decrement of muscle responses. Single fiber EMG revealed increased jitter and blocking...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117885/functional-evaluation-of-small-fiber-pathways-in-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-a%C3%AE-pathway-study
#7
Michał Fila, Mariusz Stasiołek, Adam Markiewicz, Andrzej Bogucki
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a neurophysiological evaluation of the function of large and small fibers, particularly the peripheral part of the thermonociceptiveAδ pathway in patients with primary restless legs syndrome (RLS). METHODS: The main evaluation was based on an analysis of the parameters of laser-evoked potentials (LEPs), N2 and P2 components, and an assessment of thermonociceptive thresholds (pain thresholds; PThs). Routine nerve conduction studies (NCS) were also performed...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116998/mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-bone-marrow-adipose-tissue-and-lung-tissue-differentially-mitigate-lung-and-distal-organ-damage-in-experimental-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#8
Johnatas D Silva, Miquéias Lopes-Pacheco, Ana H R Paz, Fernanda F Cruz, Elga B Melo, Milena V de Oliveira, Débora G Xisto, Vera L Capelozzi, Marcelo M Morales, Paolo Pelosi, Elizabeth Cirne-Lima, Patricia R M Rocco
OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells-based therapies have shown promising effects in experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome. Different mesenchymal stem cells sources may result in diverse effects in respiratory diseases; however, there is no information regarding the best source of mesenchymal stem cells to treat pulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome. We tested the hypothesis that mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow, adipose tissue, and lung tissue would lead to different beneficial effects on lung and distal organ damage in experimental pulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome...
November 7, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113519/does-the-low-fodmap-diet-improve-symptoms-of-radiation-induced-enteropathy-a-pilot-study
#9
Trine Larsen, Trygve Hausken, Synne Otteraaen Ystad, Nils Hovdenak, Bernd Mueller, Gülen Arslan Lied
RATIONALE: Patients with radiation-induced enteropathy (RE) after cancer treatment show similar symptoms as patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) diet (LFD) is a widespread management strategy for IBS. We aimed to investigate if there may be a positive effect of LFD on symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with RE. METHODS: In an open non-controlled pilot study, 11 patients (all female) with RE-related IBS symptoms were recruited largely based on own initiative...
November 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113044/inter-rater-reliability-of-provider-interpretations-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-food-and-symptom-journals
#10
Jasmine Zia, Chia-Fang Chung, Kaiyuan Xu, Yi Dong, Jeanette M Schenk, Kevin Cain, Sean Munson, Margaret M Heitkemper
There are currently no standardized methods for identifying trigger food(s) from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) food and symptom journals. The primary aim of this study was to assess the inter-rater reliability of providers' interpretations of IBS journals. A second aim was to describe whether these interpretations varied for each patient. Eight providers reviewed 17 IBS journals and rated how likely key food groups (fermentable oligo-di-monosaccharides and polyols, high-calorie, gluten, caffeine, high-fiber) were to trigger IBS symptoms for each patient...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110086/acute-and-chronic-fluid-misdirection-syndrome-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#11
Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr Kanclerz
PURPOSE: To summarize our current understanding of the specific pathogenic mechanisms of the fluid misdirection syndrome and possible treatment methods. METHODS: We used the PubMed web platform to find relevant studies using the following keywords: infusion misdirection syndrome, aqueous misdirection syndrome, ciliary block, ciliovitreal block, capsular block, intraoperative fluid misdirection, subcapsular fluid entrapment, acute intraoperative rock-hard eye syndrome, positive vitreous pressure glaucoma, and malignant glaucoma...
November 6, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100834/ophthalmic-findings-in-frank-ter-haar-syndrome-report-of-a-sibling-pair
#12
Ta C Chang, Mislen Bauer, Herminia S Puerta, Matthew B Greenberg, Kara M Cavuoto
Frank-ter Haar syndrome (FTHS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by abnormalities that affect the development of bone, heart, and eyes. We report a sibling pair with FTHS caused by a homozygous, novel mutation pLys133Glnfs*13 in the SH3PXD2B gene: one sibling had bilateral ocular hypertension and unilateral colobomas of iris, choroid and retina; the other, unilateral myelinated nerve fiber layer of the optic disk and papilledema due to idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Both children had refractive amblyopia and megalocornea...
October 31, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097988/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-can-induce-angiogenesis-and-regeneration-of-nerve-fibers-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#13
Sigal Tal, Amir Hadanny, Efrat Sasson, Gil Suzin, Shai Efrati
Background: Recent clinical studies in stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) victims suffering chronic neurological injury present evidence that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can induce neuroplasticity. Objective: To assess the neurotherapeutic effect of HBOT on prolonged post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) due to TBI, using brain microstructure imaging. Methods: Fifteen patients afflicted with PPCS were treated with 60 daily HBOT sessions. Imaging evaluation was performed using Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast-Enhanced (DSC) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) MR sequences...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095838/recovery-from-impaired-muscle-growth-arises-from-prolonged-postnatal-accretion-of-myonuclei-in-atrx-mutant-mice
#14
Michael S Huh, Kevin G Young, Keqin Yan, Tina Price-O'Dea, David J Picketts
Reduced muscle mass due to pathological development can occur through several mechanisms, including the loss or reduced proliferation of muscle stem cells. Muscle-specific ablation of the α-thalassemia mental retardation syndrome mutant protein, Atrx, in transgenic mice results in animals with a severely reduced muscle mass at three weeks of age; yet this muscle mass reduction resolves by adult age. Here, we explore the cellular mechanism underlying this effect. Analysis of Atrx mutant mice included testing for grip strength and rotorod performance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079969/coconut-products-improve-signs-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rats
#15
Sunil K Panchal, Sharyn Carnahan, Lindsay Brown
Increasing prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome warrants identification of potential therapeutic options for intervention. This study tested commercially available Virgin Coconut Oil and Coconut Nourish, as coconuts are rich sources of lauric and myristic acids. Male Wistar rats were fed either corn starch diet (C); high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet (H); high-carbohydrate, high-virgin coconut oil diet (HV); or high-carbohydrate, high-coconut Nourish diet (HN) for 16 weeks. Metabolic, liver, and cardiovascular health parameters were measured during and at the end of the study...
October 27, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062464/estrogens-protect-calsequestrin-1-knockout-mice-from-lethal-hyperthermic-episodes-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-in-muscle
#16
Antonio Michelucci, Simona Boncompagni, Marta Canato, Carlo Reggiani, Feliciano Protasi
Oxidative stress has been proposed to play a key role in malignant hyperthermia (MH), a syndrome caused by excessive Ca(2+) release in skeletal muscle. Incidence of mortality in male calsequestrin-1 knockout (CASQ1-null) mice during exposure to halothane and heat (a syndrome closely resembling human MH) is far greater than that in females. To investigate the possible role of sex hormones in this still unexplained gender difference, we treated male and female CASQ1-null mice for 1 month, respectively, with Premarin (conjugated estrogens) and leuprolide (GnRH analog) and discovered that during exposure to halothane and heat Premarin reduced the mortality rate in males (79-27% and 86-20%), while leuprolide increased the incidence of mortality in females (18-73% and 24-82%)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058690/advillin-acts-upstream-of-phospholipase-c-%C3%AF%C2%B51-in-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome
#17
Jia Rao, Shazia Ashraf, Weizhen Tan, Amelie T van der Ven, Heon Yung Gee, Daniela A Braun, Krisztina Fehér, Sudeep P George, Amin Esmaeilniakooshkghazi, Won-Il Choi, Tilman Jobst-Schwan, Ronen Schneider, Johanna Magdalena Schmidt, Eugen Widmeier, Jillian K Warejko, Tobias Hermle, David Schapiro, Svjetlana Lovric, Shirlee Shril, Ankana Daga, Ahmet Nayir, Mohan Shenoy, Yincent Tse, Martin Bald, Udo Helmchen, Sevgi Mir, Afig Berdeli, Jameela A Kari, Sherif El Desoky, Neveen A Soliman, Arvind Bagga, Shrikant Mane, Mohamad A Jairajpuri, Richard P Lifton, Seema Khurana, Jose C Martins, Friedhelm Hildebrandt
Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is a frequent cause of chronic kidney disease. Here, we identified recessive mutations in the gene encoding the actin-binding protein advillin (AVIL) in 3 unrelated families with SRNS. While all AVIL mutations resulted in a marked loss of its actin-bundling ability, truncation of AVIL also disrupted colocalization with F-actin, thereby leading to impaired actin binding and severing. Additionally, AVIL colocalized and interacted with the phospholipase enzyme PLCE1 and with the ARP2/3 actin-modulating complex...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056890/association-of-raisin-consumption-with-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-health-risk-factors-in-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#18
Victor L Fulgoni, James Painter, Arianna Carughi
Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050926/-role-of-laser-peripheral-iridotomy-in-pigmentary-glaucoma-and-pigment-dispersion-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature-french-version
#19
REVIEW
J Buffault, B Leray, A Bouillot, C Baudouin, A Labbé
PURPOSE: Pigment dispersion syndrome (PSD) is characterized by a structural abnormality of the posterior surface of the iris causing contact with the zonular fibers. It can lead to an open-angle glaucoma secondary to pigment dispersion into the trabecular meshwork. Laser peripheral iridotomy (PI) has been proposed as a treatment for pigmentary glaucoma (PG) and pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) by reducing the dispersion of pigment. The goal of this review was to assess the effects of PI for PSD and PG...
October 16, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050543/granulomatous-necrotizing-myositis-in-swine-affected-by-porcine-circovirus-disease
#20
Guilherme Konradt, Raquel A S Cruz, Daniele M Bassuino, Matheus V Bianchi, Caroline P de Andrade, Fernando S da Silva, David Driemeier, Saulo P Pavarini
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is associated with multiple clinical syndromes in pigs, known as porcine circovirus diseases. This work describes an outbreak of porcine circovirus diseases with severe lesions affecting the skeletal muscle. Ninety-two pigs had apathy, weight loss, and diarrhea over a clinical course of 7 to 10 days. Approximately 30 of the pigs had stiff gait, muscle weakness, hind limb paresis, and recumbency. Twelve of the 92 pigs were necropsied, and 4 had pale discoloration of skeletal muscles with microscopic lesions of granulomatous necrotizing myositis...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
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